Catherine Wessinger

Sallie Ann Glassman

SALLIE ANN GLASSMAN TIMELINE

1954 (Lub Kaum Ob Hlis 14): Sallie Ann Glassman yug hauv South Portland, Maine rau cov niam txiv uas tsis ntseeg ntuj ntawm cov neeg Ukrainian cov cuab yeej cuab tam.

Xyoo 1970: Glassman kaum-xyoo-laus tau ntsib Jane Roberts pab pawg hauv Elmira, New York, thiab tau saib Roberts channel qhov chaw hu ua Seth.

Xyoo 1976: Glassman tau tsiv tawm ntawm Kennebunkport, Maine, mus rau New Orleans qhov chaw nws ua haujlwm ua tus txhab nyiaj. Glassman tau ntsib tus kws nyeem ntawv sau paj hlwb hu ua André Martiniquan ntawm Voodoo Tsev khaws puav pheej ntawm Dumaine Street hauv Fab Kis Fab Kis. Nws pib qhia nws txog Vodou.

1980: Glassman thiab cov phooj ywg tau tsim ib pab pawg neeg npe hu ua Simbi-Sen Jak Ounfo los ua Vodou kab ke.

Xyoo 1980: Glassman tau koom nrog tsim pab pawg Caliphate Ordo Templi Orientalis hauv New Orleans, tau muab lub npe Kali Lodge, thiab ua cov haujlwm OTO txhua lub lis piam.

Ca. 1980–1984: Glassman tau kawm chav pleev xim nrog kws kos duab Michael G. Willmon ntawm Art Institute ntawm New Orleans.

Ca. Xyoo 1980: Raws li qhov kev thov ntawm Gerald Schueler, Glassman tau pib ua cov duab kos ntev los ntawm lub sijhawm Enochian kev coj ua rau ib lub lawj ntawm Enochian Tarot phaib.

Ca. Xyoo 1988: Glassman tau mus rau California mus ntsib Cherel Winett Ito, uas yog tus tsim thaj av ntawm Maya Deren. Glassman raug tso cai nyeem cov ntawv teev lus ntawm Joseph Campbell cov lus xam phaj nrog Maya Deren.

Xyoo 1989: Glassman's Enochian Tarot lawj tau luam tawm nrog phau ntawv los ntawm Gerald thiab Betty Schueler, Enochian Tarot.

1990–1992: Vodou cov kab ke tau ua nyob rau hauv nws lub tsev uas los ntawm Glassman tau txais kev tshoov siab rau kev ua cov duab kos rau cov Orleans Voodoo Tarot daim npav lawj.

1992: Glassman's New Orleans Voodoo Tarot lawj tau luam tawm nrog phau ntawv sau los ntawm Louis Martinié, Tus Tshiab Orleans Voodoo Tarot.

Ca. Xyoo 1993 (Lub Rau Hli 23): Glassman thiab cov tswvcuab ntawm nws lub koom txoos Vodou ua thawj lub koob tsheej ntawm Bayou St. John hauv New Orleans hwm txog Marie Laveau, tus cuaj-caug xyoo Voodoo priestess of New Orleans. Qhov no yog pib ntawm kev tshaj tawm txhua xyoo pej xeem Vodou ua yeeb yam ntawm Bayou St. John.

Xyoo 1995 (Lub Yim Hli 18): Glassman ua thawj qhov kev tshaj tawm Vodou pej xeem nyob rau hauv cov zej zog Bywater nyob rau Qib Nub Qib ntawm New Orleans kom Ogou tiv thaiv lub zej zog los ntawm kev ua txhaum.

Xyoo 1995: Lub khob iav qhib Island of Salvation Botanica ntawm Txoj Kev Piety uas nyob ze nws lub tsev hauv Bywater.

1995 (Kaum Ib Hlis): Glassman tau mus rau Port-au-Prince, Haiti, thiab tau pib ua ib tus neeg manbo asogwe (high priestess) nyob rau hauv Vodou los ntawm houngan asogwe (tus pov thawj hlob) Edgard Jean-Louis thiab houngan asogwe Silva Yauxej.

2000: Glassman luam tawm nws phau ntawv muaj npe Vodou Visions.

Xyoo 2005 (Lub Rau Hli): ib qho peristyle (lub tuam tsev) tau ua tiav rau cov kab ke ntawm Glassman lub koom txoos Vodou hloov npe hu ua La Source Ancienne Ounfo, rau qhov uas Glassman tau 501 (c) (3) txoj cai zam ua se.

2005 (Lub Yim Hli 29): Nag xob nag cua Katrina tau tsaws rau ntawm ntug dej hiav txwv Gulf of United States, ua rau muaj cua daj cua dub hlob thiab ua txhaum cov kwj dej hauv New Orleans, ua rau muaj dej nyab ntau ntawm New Orleans Metropolitan Thaj Chaw.

Xyoo 2008–2009 (Kaum Ib Hlis 1 txog Lub Ib Hlis Tim 18): Qhov xav tias yuav yog.1 New Orleans, tau muaj kev nthuav dav thoob ntiaj teb kev kos duab thoob ntiaj teb. Claude Avenue, uas yav tas los yog lub tsev muag rooj tog thiab uas Glassman thiab nws tus khub Pres Kabacoff tab tom tsim mus rau hauv New Orleans Healing Center, tau ua ib qho kev ua yeeb yam ntawm kev kos duab kos duab rau Prospect.1. Ib lub satellite ntawm cov duab ua haujlwm ntawm cov duab kos nrog Glassman tus kheej cov duab tha xim thiab cov haujlwm ntawm lwm tus kws kos duab.

Xyoo 2008: Glassman thiab cov neeg ua haujlwm sib koom ua ke tau tsim thawj Anba Dlo (hauv qab dej) lub rooj sib tham nyob rau ntawm Lub Chaw Kho Mob, hais txog New Orleans kab lis kev cai thiab suab paj nruag, nrog cov lus sib tham ntawm cov kws tshaj lij tau tham txog teeb meem txog dej hauv sab qab teb Louisiana.

2010 (Lub Ib Hlis 12): Ib qho av qeeg loj heev tsoo Haiti. Glassman tau coj Edgard Jean-Louis mus rau New Orleans kom nyob hauv nws lub tsev.

Xyoo 2010 (Lub Yim Hli 26): Edgard Jean-Louis tuag hauv nws lub tsev hauv Haiti.

2011: Glassman thiab Kabacoff tsiv mus rau hauv lub tsev tshwj xeeb uas lawv ua hauv Bywater.

2011 (Lub Peb Hlis): Thawj Orleans Sacred Music Festival tau teeb tsa ntawm New Orleans Kho Center.

2011 (Lub Yim Hli): Lub Tsev Haujlwm Tshiab Orleans tau qhib lub tsev tshiab hauv St. Claude Avenue hauv New Orleans.

2011 (Lub Kaum Hli): Glassman thiab Kabacoff sib yuav.

2014: Glassman tau muaj npe 2014 New Orleans Top poj niam Achiever los ntawm tus Tshiab Orleans Magazine.

BIOGRAPHY

Sallie Ann Glassman (b. 1954) yog ib tug manbo asogwe (high priestess) nyob rau hauv Haitian Vodou, los yog Vodoun, kev ntseeg, ib tus kws pab tswv yim rau sab ntsuj plig, ua lag luam, tus kws qhia ntawv, tus neeg ua haujlwm, koom zej koom zos, thiab tus kws kos duab, uas nyob rau tiam 20th century xyoo dhau los ua ntej xyoo pua nees nkaum thawj reintroduction ntawm Haitian Vodou rau New Orleans, Louisiana. Haitian Vodou yog thawj coj tuaj rau New Orleans thaum xyoo 1900 los nrog cov neeg Amelikas uas hais lus Fabkis thiab cov qhev los ntawm Saint-Domingue (Hiati tuaj), khiav ntawm cov qhev kev vam meej muaj qhev. Haitian Vodou contributed nyob rau hauv ib qho tseem ceeb rau Voodoo kev coj noj coj ua hauv New Orleans. Ua ntej Civil War (1861-1865), qhev, dawb cov neeg muaj xim, thiab dawb koom nrog Voodoo tej kab ke hauv New Orleans. Tom qab Tsov Rog Thaiv Kev Ua Phem thiab kev ywj pheej ntawm qhev, los ntawm qhov kawg ntawm lub xyoo pua puas tawm, tub ceev xwm tsis tu ncua Voodoo ua yeeb yam hauv New Orleans ua ib feem ntawm kev ua kom muaj kev tswj hwm cov neeg Asmeskas Dub. Cov lus ntawm Voodoo tseem nyob ntsiag to hauv cov zej zog Asmesliskas Dub hauv New Orleans, tawm ntawm lub qhov muag dawb (Ntev 2002: 90). Nyob rau thawj ib nrab ntawm lub xyoo pua nees nkaum, txhua yam hais txog Voodoo thiab Hoodoo (tej yam kev coj ua thiab khoom siv) hauv New Orleans tau pom los ntawm kev dag ntxias ntawm cov pej xeem huab hwm (Ntev 2002: 92-94). Pib hauv 1960s los txog tam sim no, Voodoo tuaj  yuav tsum tau pom nyob rau hauv New Orleans li kev lom zem thiab ib qhov chaw ntawm cov nqi tourism; Lub sijhawm no muaj ntau lub sijhawm ntawm Voodoo thiab Haitian Vodou practitioners tau los ua haujlwm tshiab hauv New Orleans (Ntev 2002: 95-97). Sallie Ann Glassman, [Duab ntawm txoj cai] uas tau pib ua a manbo asogwe nyob rau hauv Haiti, tau ua ib lub luag haujlwm tseem ceeb hauv kev nqa Haitian Vodou thiab nws cov kev ua yeeb yam rau pej xeem, thiab tsim Vodou ua ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm cov neeg tshiab Orleans kab lis kev cai. Nws ua qhov no los ntawm cov pej xeem Vodou rituals, muab kev xam phaj, thiab tso cai rau nws cov koob tsheej yuav tsum tau yees duab. Raws li yog rooj plaub nrog ntau Vodou practitioners nyob rau hauv Haiti thiab tseem nyob New Orleans, Sallie Ann Glassman yog ib tug kws kos duab. Nws cov hauj lwm zoo nkauj yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau nws txoj kev ua neeg ntiaj teb thiab kev coj ntawm sab ntsuj plig. Thaum Glassman kev sab ntsuj plig tau hais tawm los ntawm nws txoj kev koom tes nrog Vodou thiab nws cov kab ke, nws kuj lees paub txog yam tsis zoo, suab nkauj, seev cev, cov dab neeg, thiab qhov tseeb ntawm lwm cov kev cai dab qhuas. Nws hais txog nws cov duab kos duab pom hauv pastel duab kos duab, gouache thiab roj paintings, kos duab rau hauv Vodou thaj chaw, thaj chaw, thiab qhov chaw dawb ceev, thiab dai diav nws txoj sia, kev ua hauj lwm, thiab kev teev hawm kev teev hawm rau kev ncaj ncees ntawm sab ntsuj plig nws to taub thiab ntiaj teb lub cev.

Glassman paints Vodou rituals, dawb huv cov chaw uas yog tib neeg ua thiab raws li ntuj, thiab ua hauj lwm. Nws pom txhua yam ua dawb ceev thiab puv nrog rau ntawm sab ntsuj plig, ntws los ntawm lub neej. Raws li Glassman, txawm tias tej yam "vile," tsaus nti, thiab kev poob siab puv npo Vajtswv lub neej. [Duab ntawm txoj cai] Nws piav qhia hais tias qhov no yog vim li cas nws thiaj nyiam mus swamps, xws li cov neeg nyob sab qab teb Louisiana. Nyob rau hauv swamps, yam nyob, tuag, decompose, thiab yog recycled nyob rau hauv lub neej thiab kev tuag txoj kev. Lub neej, txoj kev tuag, thiab txoj kev loj hlob yog ua rau cov av av uas yug me nyuam tshiab rau cov kab, paj, nroj tsuag, ntses, tsiaj nab, tsiaj, thiab tsiaj. Dej tsaws tsag yog ib qho chaw rau yug me nyuam tshiab thaum txhua yam hauv cov hav iav uas tau noj (Wessinger 2017a).

Glassman qhia tias txij thaum me nyuam yaus nws tau pom lub ntiaj teb lub cev tsis yog ua tau thiab zoo nkaus li tus nplua nuj ntawm lub zog ntau dua. Nws pom kev muaj tiag raws li "lub zog nchuav" nrog lub ntiaj teb raws li ib qho "duab zoo" nyob saum nws. Nws hais txog nws qhov kev xav txog qhov tseeb ntawm Vodou hais tias muaj "seem ntsuj plig hauv lub ntiaj teb uas pom," uas yog "dej hiav txwv ntawm lub neej." Nws nrhiav kev qhia hauv nws cov duab "tus qauv, muaj lub zog" hauv "xijpeem qhov chaw." Nws cov ntsiab lus nws kos duab thiab kos qauv kev coj noj coj ua thaum ub, uas tsis yog "muaj lub cev," tiam sis "tsis tshua zoo siab" (Wessinger 2017a). Rau Glassman, ntxiv rau txoj kev kawm kom paub cov Vodou lwa (deities) dhau rituals, muaj, ua kev cai nyob rau hauv altars, ntsib cov neeg uas muaj lub sijhawm thaum lub sij hawm ntawd, nws daim duab yog sab ntsuj plig xyaum. Thaum tsim ib lub thaj, kos, los yog tha xim, nws tau npaj thiab tsis xav txog kev ua lwm yam. Nws xav tias nws tuaj nyob ntawm qhov "rooj sib tham" ntawm nws tus kheej thiab lub ntiaj teb thiab "lub neej nws tus kheej" (Wessinger 2017b).

Sallie Ann Glassman yog tus hluas tshaj plaws ntawm plaub tus menyuam uas yug rau cov niam txiv ntawm cov neeg Yudais ntawm Yudai nyob hauv South Portland, Maine. Nws niam, Jane Glassman, yog tus neeg Nyablaj thib ob, thiab nws txiv, James Glassman, yog thawj tiam neeg Ukrainian. Ob sab ntawm Glassman tsev neeg tau tuaj ntawm tib lub zos nyob hauv Ukraine. Nws tus txiv tsim nkawm khau, tau ua lawv, thiab taug kev mus ua lag luam cov khau tau muag. Thaum nws niam nws txiv tsis ntseeg, Glassman muaj ib tug dab laug uas yog ib tug neeg Yudais Orthodox thiab Kabbalist, thiab lwm tus neeg txheeb ze uas yog Kabbalists. Nws tus niam tais-pog, tom qab uas nws raug npe, nws yog ib tug neeg tuaj yeem thiab neeg ua haujlwm (suffragette) rau poj niam txoj cai; nws tus niam tais laus yog kev ntseeg thiab pab tsim kho thawj lub tsev kho mob Reform Judaism hauv Wilmington, Delaware. Nws lub qhov koob ntawm nws tus txiv lub sab yog "pom pom hauv Ukraine." Tsev neeg lub suab nkauj hais tias muaj ib tug neeg pom los ntawm txhua tus neeg (Wessinger 2017b). Thaum Glassman yog ib tug tub hluas, nws niam mob heev thiab dhau mus thaum Sallie Ann yog kaum xya.

Glassman txiv, ntxiv rau qhov tsim nkawm khau, nws yog ib tus kws tshaj lij. Txhua hnub Saturday nws coj cov menyuam mus rau ib tus kws qhia ntawv lub tsev uas lawv tau txais cov ntawv kawm ntiav. Cov menyuam yaus raug txhawb kom kos thiab pleev xim. Glassman tus viv ncaus, Nancy Glassman, kuj yog ib tug kws kos duab.

Nyob rau ntawm kaum rau, Sallie Ann yuav mus rau Elmira, New York, nrog ib tug xib fwb, rau ib qho kev kawm txog tus qauv sau ntawv thiab tus kws sau paj huam Jane Roberts (1929-1984) los nrhiav kev ua lag luam hu ua Seth thaum hauv trance (Roberts 1970). Seth piav tib neeg nco qab tias muaj peev xwm tau txais kev sib txuas lus los ntawm kev siab dua. Seth tau qhia hais tias "Mloog cov lus los ntawm ib qho kev ua siab phem yog qhov teeb meem ntawm cov chaw nres tsheb, tig los ntawm ntau zaus ntawm lub hlwb kom tshiab. Peb tuaj yeem, ua ntej, 'hloov cov tshooj' ntawm peb cov kev paub txog, uas nkag mus rau lwm lub siab xav '' (Urban 2015: 324). Sallie Ann txiv txhawj xeeb txog tias nws yuav tau koom tes nrog "cult," thiab hais kom nws sau ib tsab ntawv txog nws ntseeg. Nws tau ua thiab nws txaus siab rau qhov nws tau xav txog. Nws tom qab txiav txim siab los ntawm Seth pab pawg thiab cov kev qhia (Wessinger 2017b).

Glassman tau mus kawm Columbia University rau ib semester. Nws qhia tias nws tau ncaj nraim A, tab sis nws tau txiav txim siab tias txoj kev kawm tshawb fawb thiab kev xav tsis zoo sib xws nws txoj kev xav, kev xav thiab kev txawj ntse (Wessinger 2017b).

Hauv 1976, thaum Glassman yog nees nkaum ob thiab nyob hauv Kennebunkport, Maine, nws tus tij laug tau txoj haujlwm hauv Tulane University. Nws qhia tias thaum nws hais kom nws tsiv mus rau New Orleans, nws xav txog huab cua sov (tom qab ntawd nees nkaum degrees Fahrenheit hauv Maine), Vodou, thiab jazz, ces nws tau txiav txim siab tsiv mus nyob rau ntawd (Wessinger 2017a). Nws tau nyob hauv New Orleans puas tau muaj txij li ntawd.

Tsis ntev tom qab mus txog hauv New Orleans, Glassman tau ntsib ib tug txiv neej hu ua André Martiniquan, uas tau muab kev txawj ntse ntawm Voodoo Tsev khaws puav pheej rau Dumaine Street hauv Fabkis Quarter. Nws pom zoo qhia nws txog Haitian Vodou, thiab yog li nws tau kawm txog Vodou ua ntej 1980 thaum nws los ua    koom tes nrog tsim ib lub tsev ntawm Ordo Templi Orientis hauv New Orleans (Wessinger 2017a).

Thaum ua haujlwm nyob hauv New Orleans, hauv 1980 Glassman thiab qee tus phooj ywg nrhiav tau lub koom haum Caliphate ntawm Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO), uas yog thawj coj los ntawm Aleister Crowley (1875-1947). Glassman muab cov pab pawg neeg lub npe txawv (rau OTO) ntawm Kali Lodge, tom qab Hindu vajtswv poj niam Kālī. [Duab ntawm txoj cai] Cov neeg nyob hauv Kali Lodge tau siv Enochian magick, uas yog ib txoj hauv kev ua khawv koob uas coj los siv rau hauv kev ntseeg ntawm Kabbalah cov neeg Yudais, thiab kev tshwm sim hauv Tub Ntsuj Plig uas tau txais los ntawm John Dee (1527-1608 los 1609) thiab Edward Kelly (1555-1597) hauv tebchaws Askiv, thiab txhais los ntawm Crowley. Camman hais txog Enochian hais tias cov tim tswv hais rau Enoch (Wessinger 2017a), uas yog hais txog Chivkeeb 5: 19-21, thiab tau piav nyob rau hauv Henplais 11: 5 hauv Phau Tshiab thaum nws raug coj los ntawm Vajtswv, txhais hais tias nws tau ua tsis tuag tab sis tau coj ncaj qha mus rau saum ntuj ceeb tsheej. Phau Enauj yog ib feem ntawm cov neeg Yudai kev lig kev cai tiam sis raug tso tawm ntawm phau Hebrew.

Los ntawm 1980, nrog nws cov kev ua ub no hauv OTO, Glassman tau ntsib nrog lwm tus neeg los ua Vodou rituals worshiping lub lwa. Lub Vodou pawg uas lawv tsim yog lub npe hu ua Simbi-Sen Jak Ounfo. Ua ib vegan, Glassman muaj kev txhawj xeeb txog kev tsim txom thiab tua ua phem los ntawm tib neeg tawm tsam cov tsiaj, thiab tsis muaj tsiaj txhu raug txi rau hauv nws Vodou rituals (Paul 2015).

Los ntawm ca. 1980 rau 1984, Glassman coj cov chav kawm nrag nrog cov yeeb yaj kiab Michael G. Willmon, Eleanor Smith, thiab Shirley Rabe Masinter ntawm Art Institute of New Orleans. Thaum lub sij hawm no, nws tau nug los ntawm tus kws sau ntawv Gerald Schueler los ua ib txheej xim rau ib daim duab ntawm Enochian Tarot card. [Duab ntawm txoj cai] Cov phau ntawv Enochian Tarot nrog rau ib phau ntawv los ntawm Gerald thiab Betty Schueler piav qhia txog kev siv Tarot phaib thiab xyaum Enochian magick nyob hauv 1989 (Schueler, Schueler, thiab Glassman 1989). Glassman's cov duab kos rau Enochian Tarot phaib qhia nws style nrog cov duab kos hauv cov pastels nrog bold, feem ntau yog dub, ntaem.

Txog rau thaum kawg ntawm nws cov chav kawm ntawm Art Institute of New Orleans, Glassman ua nws thawj roj painting. Kurosawa (1984) yog muag, muag, luminous rendering nyob rau hauv roj ntawm ib tug dub thiab dawb tseem yees duab los ntawm cov movie Rashoman (1950) qhia los ntawm Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998). Tus yeeb yam tus cim yog hauv lub tsev hais plaub ua pov thawj txog lawv qhov kev xav txawv ntawm ib qho xwm txheej, thiab Camman raug fascinated los ntawm lawv cov ntsej muag. [Duab ntawm txoj cai]

Txawm hais tias Glassman tau txais txoj haujlwm ntawm Deputy Grand Master nyob rau hauv Caliphate ceg ntawm OTO thiab nws xav tias nws tau kawm ntau yam thiab raug txhawb los ntawm nws cov phooj ywg nyob rau hauv qhov kev txiav txim, nws tsis txaus siab nrog Aleister Crowley lub views thiab kev ua ntawm ib co OTO cov tswv cuab. Nws raug cuam tshuam los ntawm tus cwj pwm ntawm ib co, muab los ntawm Crowley, tias lawv zoo tshaj qhov phem thiab kev phem. Nws xav tias Crowley yog misogynistic, bigoted, thiab disagreeable (Wessinger 2017a). Nws tsis nyiam nws tus cwj pwm kev ntxub ntxaug mus rau Haitian Vodou, uas nws muaj kev koom tes ntxiv. Glassman tawm hauv OTO los ntawm 1980s lig (Wessinger 2017b).

Ib tug phooj ywg nrog lub lag luam uas tau faib cov duab zaj yeeb yam ua Glassman paub txog cov yeeb yaj duab ntawm Maya Deren (1917-1961), ib tug poj niam Yuda uas tau yug los hauv Kiev, Ukraine, nws tsev neeg hloov chaw rau Syracuse, New York thiab tau txais Neeg Mis Kas. Deren tau ntsib Haiti los ntawm 1947 rau 1954, thiab koom nrog Vodou rituals muaj, uas nws kuj tau yees duab. Hauv 1953, Deren phau ntawv, nws tau sau los ntawm Joseph Campbell, lub npe Divine Nees: Cov Nyob Ntawm Huab Haib, tau luam tawm. Deren zaj duab xis ntawm Vodou rituals hauv Haiti yog kho tom qab nws tuag los ntawm nws tus txiv Teiji Ito (1935-1982), thiab nws tom ntej tus poj niam thiab Deren tus phooj ywg, Cherel Winett Ito (1947-1999). Qhov documentary zaj duab xis, kuj lub ntsiab lus Divine Nees: Cov Nyob Ntawm Huab Haib, tawm hauv 1985.

Glassman tau txais kev txhawb nqa los ntawm Maya Deren lub neej thiab kev ua haujlwm, thiab suav tias nws yog nws "hero." Hauv 1988, Glassman tau khiav mus rau California nrog nws tus phooj ywg uas tau qhia nws mus rau Deren txoj hauj lwm mus xyuas Cherel Winett Ito, uas yog tus thawj tswj ntawm Deren qhov qub txeeg qub teg. Thaum lawv nkag mus hauv Cherel Ito's chav pw, Glassman pom ib tus ntxim hlub hlau zoo nkauj ntawm Las Xeros, lub nkoj hauv Haitian Vodou. Ib lub tais uas muaj paj yeeb muaj tsos liab tau muab tso rau Lasirén. Glassman tau txais tam sim ntawd attracted rau Lasirén. (Nws tom qab kawm tias Lasirén yog ib tus lwa uas kav nws lub taub hau.) Cherel Ito pom Glassman Maya Deren tus asson (hlav rattle uas tau muab thaum lub sijhawm pib hauv Vodou), nrog rau cov duab ntawm Deren nrog nws tus txiv Teiji Ito. Camman tau tso cai nyeem cov ntawv tsis tau luam tawm ntawm kev sib tham ntawm Maya Deren los ntawm tus kws lij choj Joseph Campbell (1904-1987) (Wessinger 2017a). Kev ua haujlwm ntawm Maya Deren ua haujlwm thiab tuaj yeem tuaj xyuas Cherel Ito thiab tau ncaj qha mus rau Deren lub neej, nrog rau Lasirén, kaw Glassman qhov kev cog lus rau Vodou thiab mob siab rau nws los tsim cov New Orleans Voodoo Tarot phaib (Wessinger 2017a; 2009).

Rau peb xyoo los ntawm 1990 rau 1992, Glassman, sau thiab percussionist Louis Martinié, nws tus poj niam, tus sau thiab artist Mishlen Linden, thiab Glassman tus txiv thaum lub sij hawm, sculptor John Herasymiuk, ua Vodou rituals rau txhua lub lwa Glassman kos siv pastels. Thaum lub sijhawm rau lub rooj sibtham, Glassman yuav tau txais yog toog pom thiab hnov ​​cov lus thaum nyob rau hauv lub xeev trance. Ces nws yuav kos. Nws tau qhia tias nws tsis muaj kev xav txog qhov nws xav kos. Nws siv chalk pastels ces nws yuav kos thiab kos thiab muab siv mus rau hauv nthawv kos duab. Nws hais tias feem ntau nws tsis paub dab tsi tus duab yuav txog thaum nws tiav lawm. Cov kev kos duab no tau muab luam tawm ua Tus Tshiab Orleans Voodoo Tarot, nrog ib phau ntawv los ntawm Louis Martinié (Martinié thiab Glassman 1992). [Duab ntawm txoj cai] Txhua daim ntawv muaj cov xim ntawm Glassman tus kos duab rau ntawm sab xub ntiag, nrog lub vev (saib qhov kev piav qhia hauv qab no) rau ntawm qhov chaw nres tsheb. Daim duab ntawm txhua daim npav yog rov ua dua dub thiab dawb hauv phau ntawv nrog Martinié phau ntawv piav qhia. Ntxiv mus rau xim dub thiab dawb ntawm txhua daim npav yog ib daim duab ntawm lub vev rau ntawd lwa los ntawm Glassman. Feem ntau ntawm cov nuj nqis ntawm New Orleans Voodoo Tarot phaib yog African, nyob rau hauv chaw kub thiab muaj xyoob ntoo New Orleans qhov chaw uas yuav kis tau rau Haiti. Ib co ntawm cov nuj nqis sawv cev Lwa, lwm tus yog Vodou cov tub qhe ntawm lub lwa. Cov ntsej muag ntawm tag nrho cov nuj nqis yog pom tau zoo heev.

Tom qab qhov New Orleans Voodoo Tarot phaib raug luam tawm nyob rau hauv 1992, ntau tus neeg hauv New Orleans tuaj mus paub tias Glassman xyaum ua Vodou. Nws tau tsis pub bar ntawm Café Istanbul, tom qab ntawm Fabkis txoj hauv Faubourg Marigny, downriver los ntawm Fabkis Quarter, nyob rau hauv New Orleans. Nws kawm hais tias ntau ntawm cov neeg uas tuaj rau lub Hnub Qub ntawm Café nyob Istanbul santeros (pib cov pov thawj hauv Santería) thiab babalawos (Yoga diviners nyob Santería). Santería yog kev cai dab qhuas los ntawm Tebchaws Cuba uas yog los ntawm kev ntxub ntawm Yoruba kev ntseeg thiab Catholicism los ntawm Yauluba qhev coj mus rau Tebchaws Cuba thaum lub sijhawm transatlantic qhev. Glassman pom tias vim nws paub txog Vodou, uas muaj cov ntsiab lus ntawm kev ntseeg ntawm Yoruba thiab Fon neeg coj mus rau Haiti li qhev, nws thiab cov neeg ua haujlwm ntawm Santería sib txuas lus thiab sib to taub sib raws li cov neeg Asmeskas uas tau txais kev ntseeg. Glassman pib kawm ntau ntxiv txog Santería thiab nws cov deities.

Pib hauv 1993, Glassman thiab nws pawg neeg ua yeeb yam tau ua lawv tus thawj St. John Yoj Voodoo Vodou rau ntawm Bayou St. John hauv New Orleans thaum lub Rau Hli 23. Lub koob tsheej no tau dhau los ua ib qho kev ua yeeb yam txhua xyoo Marie Laveau (1801-1881), Xyoo ntawm cuaj caum Voodoo pov thawj ntawm New Orleans, leej twg ua tus St John lub tswv yim ua txhua xyoo los ntawm Bayou St. John, los yog ntawm ntug dej ntawm Lake Pontchartrain north of New Orleans. Nyob rau hauv Glassman lub xyoo St John's Eve ceremony, lub Vodou taub hau ntxuav kev ua si yog ua. Headwashings yog ib qho ntawm Vodou kev cai raus dej, feem ntau tshwm sim thaum pib ntawm kev pib. Cov kab tshuam taub hau kuj yuav ua tau los pleev tshuaj rau lub taub hau ib yam li nws yog ib lub thaj kom lub lwa nkag mus tau. Lawv tuaj yeem ua tau raws li txoj hauv kev los txias lossis npau taws lub taub hau thaum muaj kev kub ntxhov los yog "kub heev" (Glassman 2018).

Lub yim hli ntuj 18, 1995, Glassman ua nws thawj kev tiv thaiv pej xeem ua ntej Vodou ceremony rau  lub Vodou lwa Ogou (Ogun nyob rau hauv Yoruba kev ntseeg thiab Santería) yog li nws yuav tiv thaiv cov neeg nyob ntawm Bywater lub zos, qhov chaw uas nws nyob, ntawm kev ua txhaum. Nws qhib lub Kob Cawm ntawm Botanica ntawm 835 Piety Street, [Duab ntawm txoj cai] li npe vim nws xav tau lub khw los ua ib lub koog ntawm txoj kev cawm dim rau me nyuam loj hlob nyob rau hauv ib cheeb tsam tsausmuag.

Tina Girouard (b. 1946), tus kws ua yeeb yam thiab kev tsim duab, thiab tus kws sau ntawv Lub Sequin Artists ntawm Hiati tuaj (1994), tau caw Glassman nrog nws mus rau Hiati tuaj rau lub koob tsheej rau Gede thaum lub Kaum Ib Hlis 1995. Tsis ntev tom qab tau caw los ntawm Girouard, Glassman tau txais ib tsab xov los ntawm Dr. Jacques Bartoli, MD, hauv Hiati tuaj, hais tias houngan asogwe (tus pov thawj hlob) Edgard Jean-Louis (1921-2010) tau sab laj nrog lub lwa, thiab lawv hais tias Glassman yuav tsum tuaj rau Haiti thiab tau pib. Jean-Louis yog Vodou sequin chij artist thiab paub zoo houngan asogwe nyob hauv cheeb tsam Bel Air hauv Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Glassman mus rau Haiti expecting tias nws yuav tau txais ib qho kev pib ua ntej, tab sis nws tau pib ua manbo asogwe (high priestess) hauv Vodou (Wessinger 2017a). A manbo asogwe muaj peev xwm pib cov neeg mus ua txoj haujlwm ntawm kev ua haujlwm rau lub lwa.

Edgard Jean-Louis yog Glassman's papa hauv Vodou, thiab lawv tau los ua zoo. Nws mus rau Hiatias rau lub sijhawm xyoo tom ntej, thiab nws tau mus xyuas nws lub tsev hauv New Orleans ntau zaus. Thaum lub sij hawm no, Glassman transcribed Vodou songs thiab liturgies nyob rau hauv Haitian Kreyol. Nws hais lus Fabkis thaum ua Vodou rituals thaum zaj nkauj hu ua Kreyol (Wessinger 2017a). Jean-Louis hais rau Glassman tias nws yuav ua rau nrhau kev xyaum ntawm Vodou ntev li ntev tau nws nyob hauv lub teeb ntawm Vodou. Nws kuj hais rau nws hais tias yog nws tau nrhav, nws yuav muaj teeb meem ntawm Vodou practitioners nyob sab nraud nws tus kheej pawg (Glassman 2017).

Thaum lub sij hawm New Orleans Jazz thiab Heritage Success ntawm 1996 muaj ib tug tshiab International Pavilion, uas xyoo ntawd showcased cov kawm thiab kab lis kev cai ntawm Haiti. Edgard Jean-Louis tuaj rau New Orleans, thiab txhua txhua hnub ntawm Jazz Fest, ua ntej qhib qhov rooj, nws thiab Glassman ua Vodou ceremonies. Glassman qhia tias qhov kev ua tiav los ua khoom plig thaum lub sijhawm ua haujlwm (Wessinger 2017a). Tus thawj coj theem pib yog Stephen Rehage, uas thaum lub Kaum Hlis 30, 1999, tau tsim thawj Voodoo Fest (Voodoo Music Experience, tom qab Voodoo Music and Arts Experience), uas tau ua txhua xyoo kev cai nyob hauv nroog Park hauv New Orleans.

Txawm hais tias Glassman tau kaw Kali Lodge ntawm OTO los ua haujlwm ntawm kev pab Vodou lwa nrog Vodou koom txoos, nws tswj hwm nws txoj kev hlub rau Kālī. Raws li ib tug kws kho mob ntawm hatha yoga, nws tau kos mus rau Hinduism vim nws txoj kev sib tshuam ntawm tag nrho cov supernatural thiab cov txhua hnub, ”thiab yuav ua li cas cov neeg tau nthuav tawm rau cov kev ntseeg Hindu hauv lawv lub neej txhua hnub (Wessinger 2017b). Hauv nws lub tsev tam sim no hauv Bywater, Glassman khaws ob lub thaj rau Kālī. Dhau ntawm lub thaj mus rau Kālī uas nyob hauv chav foyer pem hauv ntej ntawm nws lub tsev yog ib daim duab npe hu ua Kali rau ntawm Battlefield (1997), [Duab ntawm txoj cai] thooj ntawm Glassman tus yeeb yaj duab txhais ntawm zaj dab neeg hauv Devī Māhātmya ntawm tus vajtswv poj niam Durgā ntaus ib tug dab uas rov muab nws tus kheej los ntawm txhua txhua nco txog nws cov ntshav uas tsoo hauv av, ua li no ua ntau ntau tus vajtswv poj niam yuav tsum tau slay. Durgā los npau taws, thiab los ntawm nws lub hauv pliaj Kanglia, leej twg ces rhuav tshem tag nrho cov ntsujplig phem los ntawm lawv nqos. Nyob rau hauv Glassman lub Kali rau ntawm Battlefield, Durgā yog nyob rau sab laug ntawm lub thaij caij nws lub tsov ntxhuav ntu, kos nws tus hneev nti thiab khoov nws rab phom, nrog nws lub ntsej muag ntawm lub tsov ntxhuav lub siab. Kiv, hnav ib lub tsho ntawm cov hau khwb taub hau (txhua lub ntsej muag tshwj xeeb) thiab qhov khaus ntawm txhais caj npab, nyob hauv nruab nrab ntawm cov tha xim. Nws tramples lub dab ntawm cov dab uas nws tau tua thaum tuav ib lub tais uas kov cov tee ntshav ntawm ib tus dab phem nws tau stabbed. Nws tus nplaig raug muab ncua kom nws nqos tau ib tug dab uas nws lub taub hau tau siv los ntawm lwm txhais tes. Nws devotees nyob rau hauv qab ntawm sab laug ntawm lub tha xim nrig thiab prostrate lawv tus kheej mus rau nws. Glassman txhais Kālī tus nplaig tawm ntawm nws tus cwj pwm raws li nws hais tias nws nyob hauv ib qho kev sib tw thaum nws sib ntaus. Glassman hais tias rau cov neeg ntes tau nyob rau hauv lub illusion (mā) ntawm cov ntaub ntawv tiag, Kālī yog terrifying, tab sis rau cov devotee uas pom dhau kev illusion, nws yog tus niam Divine. Glassman txaus siab rau Kālī's qhov xwm txheej, nws txoj kev tuag, kev puas tsuaj, thiab kev sib deev. Kālī yog ib cim duab ntawm lub hwj chim, thiab thoob plaws hauv tag nrho ntawm lub neej, kev tuag, thiab kev tsis sib haum xeeb, nws yog leej niam. Raws li Glassman, pom tau zoo ntawm Kālī tus kheej ntawm peb tus kheej yog tus muaj zog (Wessinger 2017b).

Glassman qhia tias thaum lub sijhawm ua yeeb yam rau New Orleans Voodoo daim duab kos, thaum nws pib trance nws tau txais cov ntaub ntawv ntau tshaj li qhov yuav tsum muaj nyob rau hauv New Orleans Voodoo Tarot card lawj. Nws tom qab siv cov lus qhia ntxiv hauv nws phau ntawv, Vodou Visions: Ib tug ntsib nrog Divine tsis tseem ceeb luam tawm xyoo 2000. [Duab nyob sab xis] Lub veve ntawm lub hau npog Vodou Visions yog Milocan veve, uas muaj xws li lub vev ntawm ntau lwa.

Hauv txhua Vodou ritual uas Glassman ua, nws nqus rau hauv pem teb lossis hauv av a veve ntawm lwa tau txais kev pab uas siv cov npleem pob kws noj. [Duab ntawm sab xis] Raws Li Glassman:

Lub vev yog cov nyom nrhav uas yog ob qho tib si rau lub npe ntawm lub lwa li zoo li ib lub qhov ncauj rau pub rau noj haus. Lub vev kos tus kws kho mob sab hauv thiab hu lub lwa tawm ntawm cov dej tsis pom ntawm Ntsuj Plig. Cov khawv koob yog hauv daim duab ntawm lub vev thiab cov vev lawv tus kheej yog ephemeral, tsis ntev yuav tsum tau dispersed thaum lub ceremony tiav (2018). [Duab ntawm txoj cai]

Nyob rau hauv 2001, Glassman tsim ib daim duab loj heev los ntawm Hindu epic, lub Mahābhārata. Daim duab no yog qhov thib ob ntawm daim duab uas tau muab pov tseg rau hauv hluav taws hauv nws lub tsev hauv Bywater. Nws tau tshwm sim los ntawm 6-teev xov tooj cua mini-series qhia txog cov dab neeg ntawm Mahābhārata, uas tau hais los ntawm Peter Brook, nrog lub thoob hauv ntiaj teb, uas tawm hauv Tebchaws Meskas hauv 1989. Camman piav qhia hais tias nyob rau hauv saib nws series nws paub nws yeej paub thiab tu txog lub cim, thiab nws yog ib qhov ua tau pom cov neeg zoo li lawv nyob hauv lub neej. Nws zoo siab tias qhov supernatural nam thiab deities yog tam sim no thoob plaws Mahābhārata zaj dab neeg. Glassman pom Hinduism ua zoo li Vodou nyob rau hauv lub invisible supernatural kev muaj tiag yog ib feem ntawm cov kev muaj tiag pom. Nyob rau hauv qab ntawm Glassman lub nrag, Mahabharata, [Duab ntawm txoj cai] pw tsaug zog Vishnu pom kev npau suav nrog ib lub chaw so loj los ntawm nws tus puj ntaws. Nyob hauv Glassman qhov kev ua yeeb yam, lub tho ntawm lub ntiaj teb tau tsim txom los ntawm kev nplua taws ntawm txoj kev npau taws thiab lub siab xav ua rau kev sib ntaus sib tua ntawm Kaurava thiab Pandava princes los txiav txim seb leej twg yog tus kav thaus liv ntawm tsev neeg yuav tswj hwm Is Nrias teb. Krishna, tus avatar ntawm Vishnu, drives tus chariot ntawm Arjuna, tus yawm Pandava archer, los ntawm kev sib ntaus sib tua. (Krishna yog Arjuna tus xib fwb hauv lawv txoj kev sib tham txog lub neej, kev tuag, kev ncaj ncees, thiab kev coj ntawm sab ntsuj plig hauv Bhagavad Gītā, uas tau teev nyob rau hauv txoj cai Mahathi-um ua ntej pib kev sib ntaus sib tua.) Nyob hauv Glassman Mahabharata, qhov sib ntaus sib tua yog raging nrog souls ya mus kom tau devoured los ntawm tsaus nti universal Shiva. Ntawm sab xis ntawm txoj kev nrag muaj ib tug ntsujplig uas sawv ntawm rab riam, uas ua rau cov tsiaj txhu phem heev. Ntawm sab laug sab yog Niam pom thiab tu siab lub pob zeb los ntawm nws cov me nyuam, qhov pov tseg los ntawm tib neeg tua neeg (Wessinger 2017b; Glassman 2018).

Hauv 2003, Glassman pleev xim rau nws lub zeem muag ntawm Lasirén, thiab nws khaws cov tha xim hauv chav me me hauv nws tus botanica uas nws muab cov ntawv nyeem psychic. Glassman koom nrog ntau yam ntawm nws lub neej rau nws kev txuas nrog Lasirén. Nws tau yug los thiab loj hlob tom ntej ntawm dej hiav txwv. Nws nyiam nyob hauv lub puam thiab da dej hauv dej hiav txwv. Nws nyiam ua haujlwm nrog kev xav paub thiab nyob hauv lub xeev trance, ua haujlwm sab ntsuj plig los ntawm kev npau suav, thiab ua tsom iav. Nws tshawb cov “dej tob ntawm cov sau siab.” [Duab nyob sab xis] Hauv Vodou lub ntiaj teb pom tsis tau to taub tias yog dej hiav txwv uas muaj cov tsiaj txhu nyob thiab ntiaj teb pom ntab. Nws yog qhov loj, txaus ntshai, thiab lub neej los ntawm nws. Nws yog Lasirén lub cheeb (Wessinger 2017b). Thaum Glassman tau xub hais tias Cov Vodou ntsuj plig kav nws li cas, nws xav tsis thoob tias lawv suav nrog Lasirén, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog vim Lasirén yog tus kws sau nkauj thiab Glassman tsis yog suab paj nruas. Tom qab, nws hais txog nws txoj kev sib txuas rau Lasirén uas muab nws qhov kev txhawb siab kom siv sijhawm ntau xyoo los mloog Vodou cov nkauj rau lwa hauv Haitian Kreyol, hloov lawv, thiab qhia lawv rau cov tswvcuab ntawm nws pawg Vodou (Wessinger 2017b).

Glassman muaj ib lub tuam tsev Vodou (peristyle) tau tsim los ntawm Rosalie Alley los ntawm nws thawj lub tsev nyob rau hauv Bywater. Thaum Edgard Jean-Louis ua qhov kev zoo siab foom koob hmoov rau thaj av ua ntej ua lub tuam tsev tau tsim, lub tuam tsev ntawm lub vaj tsev, lub nroog Planner, thiab cov neeg hauv New Orleans Historic Landmark Commission tau koom ua ke, qhia tias lawv txhawb rau kev txhawb siab ntawm Haitian Vodou nyob rau hauv New Orleans. Lub tuam tsev tau ua tiav thaum Lub Rau Hli 2005 (Wessinger 2017b).

Filmmaker Jeremy Campbell tau yees duab 2005 Nag Txheeb Ze Ua yeeb yam rau hauv Glassman lub tuam tsev tshiab, uas muaj nyob hauv cov documentary Hexing a Hurricane (2006). Hurricane Katrina tsaws rau ntawm Gulf of Mexico sab qaum teb rau 29, 2005, ua rau muaj dej nyab loj heev ntawm New Orleans tsam tsam thiab kev puas tsuaj rau ntawm ntug dej Louisiana, Mississippi, thiab Alabama. Hauv documentary, Glassman tau qhia tias Hurricane Katrina qhov tseeb tau tig mus rau sab hnub tuaj ntawm New Orleans tom tsaws chaw, thiab kev phem yuav muaj ntau dua nyob rau hauv New Orleans yog tias nag xob nag cua ntaus lub nroog ncaj qha. Txhua lub caij ntuj sov, Glassman's Vodou koom txoos ua tiav hlawv lub Cua Daj Hlav (Erzulie Dantor), uas yog, Raws li Glassman, nrhiav tau nrog peb tus pojniam ntawm Kev Pom Zoo, venerated los ntawm lub zos Catholics raws li tus tiv thaiv ntawm New Orleans cheeb tsam los ntawm tag nrho qeeg, tshwj xeeb yog kub. Tom qab Katrina, Glassman tau hu nws Vodou lub koom txoos La Source Ancienne Ounfo, thiab tau 501 (c) (3) kev zam se rau nws los ntawm Internal Revenue Service. Cov Vodou rituals yog cov nyob sab hnub tuaj (La Source Ancienne [2018]).

Tom qab Katrina kev puas tsuaj, Glassman thiab nws tus khub Pres Kabacoff, tus tsim tshiab New Orleans thiab CEO ntawm HRI Khoom, Inc., tau ntsib nrog cov tswv cuab ntawm "Hnub Sunday Salon" uas Glassman tsim los sib tham txog qhov kev pab cuam zoo tshaj plaws los txhawb txoj kev rov zoo, rov tsim kho, thiab kho Tshiab Orleans. Lawv xav pab kom "kho tau txhua yam" ntawm lub cev, lub cev, kev xav, nyiaj txiag, sab ntsuj plig, thiab ib puag ncig. Lawv tau tawm tswv yim los ntawm ib tug kws tshaj lij ntawm lub tebchaws United Nations. Lawv tau txiav txim siab los tsom rau lub Nroog Claude Avenue, vim Ed Blakely, tom qab New Orleans "rov qab los ua haujlwm," nyob rau hauv 2007 tau xaiv tsa kaum yim "phiaj zones" hauv New Orleans rau kev nqis peev. Lub tswv yim yog tias yog txoj kev loj hlob tshwm sim nyob rau hauv ib cheeb tsam, cov nyhuv yuav tawm mus sab nraud. Ib qho ntawm cov hom phiaj xaiv los ntawm Blakely lub tswv yim yog cov keeb kwm St. Roch Market ntawm kev tshuam ntawm St. Roch Avenue thiab St. Claude Avenue, uas tau ua phem heev thiab muaj dej nyab los ntawm Katrina. Kabacoff thiab Glassman tau txiav txim siab los tsim cov chaw qub hauv tsev kawm ntawv Claude Avenue, hla txoj kev los ntawm St. Roch Market, los mus rau hauv New Orleans Qhov Chaw Kho Mob, uas yuav muaj khw thiab lag luam, thiab chav ua yeeb yam, rooj sib tham , lectures, thiab cov chav kawm.

Glassman thiab Kabacoff npaj siab rau Lub Tsev Kho Mob kom zoo thiab pab cov neeg ntawm txhua haiv neeg thiab cov chav kawm uas nyob hauv cheeb tsam. Lub "Credo" ntawm New Orleans Kho Chaw nyob hauv xeev:

Peb ntseeg hais tias peb thawj lub luag haujlwm yog rau peb lub zej zog thiab hauv ntiaj teb no uas muaj cov neeg thiab cov paj xyoob tshiab ntawm New Orleans thiab lub ntiaj teb loj loj, muab lub koom haum, kev nyab xeeb, huv si, muaj lub dag zog uas muab cov kev pabcuam, cov khoom, thiab cov kev kawm txhawb lub cev, kev xav, kev txawj ntse, kev ntseeg, kev coj noj coj ua, kev coj noj coj ua, thiab kev noj qab haus huv.

Peb pom zoo ua hauj lwm ua ke, synergistically thiab holistically, thiab los tsim ib qho chaw hauv paus rau hauv kev sib txuas lus uas cov neeg zej zog raug saib taus thiab cov neeg hauv zej zog tau txais tos txais zoo txaus siab ("Credo" [2018]).

Cov txuj ci yeeb yam yog ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm txoj hauj lwm ntawm New Orleans Kho Chaw. Lub "Credo" hais tias:

Peb saib xyuas thiab txhawb kev tsim kho thiab kev ua yeeb yam raws li cov neeg ua hauj lwm muaj zog ntawm kev hloov. Peb hwm thiab nrhiav kev los txhawb kev coj noj coj ua thiab kev coj noj coj ua ntawm peb lub zej zog. Hauv kev sib tham hauv lub zej zog cov kev xav tau, txhua yam peb ua yuav tsum yog kev ua tau zoo ("Credo" [2018]).

Glassman txhawb nqa cov yeeb yaj duab los ntawm kev nthuav lawv cov duab hauv qhov chaw kho mob, txawm ua ntej nws tau qhib rau 2011. Lub nroog thoob ntiaj teb kos duab ua yeeb yam hu ua Prospect.1 New Orleans tau qhia txog kev kos duab hauv lub tsev kawm tiav hauv 2008-2009. Glassman muaj cognizant ntawm kev poob lub neej hauv transatlantic qhev trade thiab kev ua cev qhev hauv lub Ntiaj Teb Tshiab, thiab hais tias cov neeg dim thiab lawv cov xeeb ntxwv tsim kev cai dab qhuas kev cai dab qhuas thiab kev ua haujlwm ntawm kev kos duab. Nws hais tias Vodou yog "kev ntseeg ntawm kev cawmdim" (Glassman 2017). Nws tseem paub txog kev poob lub neej nyob rau hauv Holocaust thaum Lub Ntiaj Teb Tsov Rog II. Glassman ntseeg hais tias "peb txhua tus yog ib lub nkoj txog qhov kev sib txuas ntawm qhov pomkev rau Divine, thiab txhua tus neeg muaj nuj nqis, thiab kuv xav tias kev kos duab tuaj yeem ua rau neeg" (Wessinger 2017b). Glassman xav hais tias los txhawb qhov tsim tau ntawm ntau tus neeg ua yeeb yam raws li nws muaj peev xwm.

Txhawb kev xa cov neeg ua yeeb yam tshiab rau New Orleans tom qab Katrina, Kabacoff thiab HRI tau kho dua tshiab ntawm lub koom haum qub qub los tsim hauv 2008 tus Bywater Art Lofts, uas cov neeg lag luam uas tau nyiaj tsawg tau xauj rau cov nqi tsim nyog. Thawj Art Lofts tau muaj kev vam meej, yog li ntawd Art Lofts units tau tsim kho.

Hurricane Katrina tseem ceeb rau Glassman qhov tseem ceeb ntawm cov dej, thiab cov teeb meem loj ntsig txog nws, rau sab qab teb Louisiana thiab lub ntiaj teb. Qee qhov chaw tsis muaj dej, thaum lwm tus, xws li sab qab teb Louisiana, muaj dej ntau heev, qee zaum ntau dhau lawm. Cov teeb meem ntawm dej, kev hloov kev nyab xeeb, thiab nce hiav txwv ntau ntau tuaj yeem ua rau thaj tsam ntawm cov dej nyob sab qab teb Louisiana uas tau tiv thaiv New Orleans thiab lwm lub zos ntawm kev puas tsuaj los ntawm kev kub ntxhov. Hauv 2008, Glassman thiab co-neeg ua haujlwm tau tsim kho thawj Anba Dlo (Nyob Hauv Dej) kev ua koob tsheej ntawm qhov chaw kho mob tsis tiav. Nws yog kev ua koob tsheej ntawm New Orleans daim duab, kab lis kev cai, thiab suab paj nruag. Anba Dlo yog ib lub suab seev suab paj nruag thiab txuj tsim ub no txuas ntxiv txhua xyoo los ntawm 2016 (Wessinger 2017b). Thaum Lub Kaum Hli 2012, nrog rau Anba Dlo rooj tog, thawj qhov kev tshawb fawb ntawm cov kws tshawb fawb thiab cov neeg nyob hauv Cov Tsev Kho Mob tau sib tham txog lub npe ntawm cov dej hauv South Louisiana, New Orleans, thiab lub ntiaj teb. Los ntawm 2017, qhov Anba Dlo tshwm sim ntawm cov kev sib tham ntawm cov kws tshaj lij, thiab qhov kev ua koob tsheej ntawm lub caij tau hloov pauv mus rau ib qho kev zoo rau pej xeem hauv qhov chaw kho mob thiab Vodou kev ua yeeb yam rau hnub ntawm Kev Tuag / Fèt Gede rau lub Kaum Ib Hlis 1 Tsoom Haiv Neeg Hnub).

Tom qab qhov av qeeg ntawm kev puas tsuaj hauv Haiti rau Lub Ib Hlis 12, 2010, Glassman npaj coj Edgard Jean-Louis rau nws lub tsev. Nws mob heev nrog mob ntsws cancer. Tom qab rov mus rau Haiti rau nws tus ntxhais lub ntees tuag, nws tuag rau Lub Xya hli ntuj 26, 2010 (Wessinger 2017b).

BP Oil txeej nyob rau hauv Gulf of Mexico pib rau lub Plaub Hlis 20, 2010 nrog lub pob tawg uas tau tua kaum ib tug txiv neej nyob rau hauv ib lub pob zeb drilling hu ua Deepwater Horizon. Cov roj los ntawm cov dej uas zoo rau hauv Gulf dej thiab tsis kom txog thaum Lub Cuaj Hli 10, 2010. Cov roj txeej tau cuam tshuam txog cov npoo ntawm Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, thiab Texas, thiab cov tsiaj qus thiab cov livelihoods ntawm cov neeg nyob hauv. Glassman tau tsim kev cai raus tes rau kev thov dej ntawm lub hiav txwv nyob rau sab nraud ntawm qhov chaw nres tsheb ntawm Oak Street, nyob rau thaj tsam Uptown ntawm New Orleans, ntawm tus dej Mississippi. Raws li Glassman thiab cov neeg pe hawm tau teeb rooj, ib qho dej nag loj los ntawm kev qaug dej los. Tom qab ntawd nag los, lub hnub tuaj tawm, thiab ntau pua tus neeg tau tuaj yeem tuaj koom lub rooj zaum kom koom nrog kev ua yeeb yam thiab nws tej lus thov. Nws yog ib qho kev cai dab qhuas uas coj los ntawm Vodou priestess. Nws nrog Hindu mantra chanting coj los ntawm Sean Johnson ntawm Wild Lotus Yoga, thiab Reiki tus tswv Veronica Leandrez xa kho zog rau cov neeg thiab tom qab ntawd ces muab lub zog rau cov dej. Lwm tus mej zeej ntawm lub zej zog tau hu nkauj ntawm sab ntsuj plig thiab coj cov lus thov los ntawm ntau kab lig kev cai. Glassman pleev xim rau Apology mus rau Dej (2010), [Duab ntawm txoj cai] los ntawm ib daim duab, rau commemorate no ceremony. Huab nag tsaus ib sab kom pom qhov kaj nrig ntawm sab saum toj ntawm daim duab. Cov tha xim yog txaus siab nrog cov txiv kab ntxwv hues thiab ntxoov ntxoo ntawm nyob ze hnub poob.

Muaj ntau txheej xwm loj heev rau Sallie Ann Glassman hauv 2011. Nws thiab Pres Kabacoff tau txav mus rau hauv ib lub tsev tshwj xeeb uas lawv tsim thiab ua hauv Bywater thiab cov Glassman uas zoo nkauj (MacCash 2011). Nyob rau hauv lub Peb Hlis 2011, thawj zaug New Orleans Sacred Music Festival tau muaj nyob rau hauv qhov chaw kho mob, uas tau tuav txhua xyoo txij thaum ntawd. Lub Cheeb Tsam Dawb Huv Festival muaj cov suab paj nruas thiab cov seev cev, thiab cov kws ua yeeb yaj kiab, devotees, thiab thaj chaw hauv kev cai dab qhuas ntawm lub ntiaj teb. Cov xwm txheej tshwm sim muaj xws li Hai Krishna lub dag zog ua yeeb yam, ntaus nkauj thiab chanting los ntawm ib tug Tibetan tus txiv neej, ntaus neeg African ntaus nkauj thiab hu nkauj, seev cev los ntawm ib pawg tub ntxhais hluas African American ntxhais, sab ntsuj plig npau taws, hais lo lus paj huam nrog rau Medieval Christian chants , Native Americans chanting thiab dancing, Mardi Gras Isdias Asmesliskas hu nkauj thiab seev cev, Japanese Taiko drumming, thiab Txoj Moo Zoo suab paj nruag ua yeeb yam. Thaum lub Yim Hli 2011, New Orleans Kho Tshiab Center [2018]) [Duab ntawm txoj cai] tau qhib rau lub Island of Salvation Botanica (saib Island of Salvation [2018]), lwm cov khw, lub tsev noj mov, yoga studio, complementary thiab lwm txoj kev kho modalities, kev kawm cov laus hauv chav kawm uas muaj los ntawm The University of the University, ib lub koom ua yeeb yam duab kos duab, thiab zaub mov noj co-op. Nyob rau lub Kaum Hlis 2011 Glassman thiab Kabacoff sib yuav.

Hauv 2014, Glassman tau hu ua New Orleans Top Female Achiever los ntawm Tshiab Orleans Magazine rau nws sab ntsuj plig thiab kev ua haujlwm hauv New Orleans, nrog rau kev khiav haujlwm ntawm Kho Chaw Kho Mob. Glassman hais tias, "Peb muaj peb lub hom phiaj nrog lub chaw nruab nrab. Thawj yog los txhawb kev lag luam hauv cheeb tsam. Qhov thib ob yog los tsim kho mob ntawm txhua qib - kev khwv nyiaj txiag, ib puag ncig thiab tus kheej. Peb kuj tseem xav kom nws ua haujlwm koom ua ke rau ib lub zej zog paub tab ”(Singletary 2014).

Thaum Lub Peb Hlis 14, 2015, hauv Vodou ua kev zoo siab ntawm Lub Chaw Kho Mob thaum xaus ntawm lub xyoo Sacred Music Festival, Glassman thiab cov tswv cuab ntawm La Source Ancienne Ounfo mob siab rau papier-mâché duab puab ntawm Marie Laveau tsim los ntawm Ricardo Pustiano. Cov duab puab ntawm Marie Laveau muab tso rau hauv lub thaj neeb [Duab ntawm sab xis] sab nraum lub qhov rooj ntawm Island of Salvation Botanica hauv thaj chaw loj hauv thaj Chaw Kho Mob. Lub thaj neeb no muaj npe hu ua International Shrine of Marie Laveau, muab Laveau nyob rau tib theem ntawm cov neeg ntseeg Catholic, yam tsawg nyob hauv New Orleans Vodou zej zog. Hauv zej zog Glassman's Vodou, Marie Laveau yog lwa. Vodou cov kws kho mob thiab lwm tus nres ntawm lub thaj neeb mus thov Vajtswv thiab ua kom me me offerings.

Glassman's paintings qhia nws fascination nrog tej qhov chaw dawb huv. Glassman thiab Kabacoff tau mus rau Machu Picchu hauv Peru ob zaug. Nws pom tau tias muaj kev tshaib plab zoo thiab muaj zog zoo, thiab ntseeg hais tias Machu Picchu tau tsim los ntawm cov neeg nyob rau hauv kev sib txuas nrog sab ntsuj plig energies ntawm lawv ib puag ncig (Wessinger 2017b). Nws daim duab Machu Picchu (2015) [Duab ntawm txoj cai] txuas nrog Glassman txoj hauv kev txaus siab rau qhov chaw dawb ceev nrog nws kev txaus siab ntawm qhov chaw zoo nkauj thiab pom kev tseeb uas nws tau qhia.

Mysterious creatures nquag muaj tawm los ntawm thiab qhov chaw nyob hauv cov hauj lwm hauv Glassman cov duab. Glassman txoj kev nrag Bizango Hmo ntuj (2002), uas dai rau hauv nws lub tuam tsev Vodou, yog lub npe hu ua tus neeg lub neej hauv Hiatias uas raug txim txiav txim. Nws cov tswvcuab yog ntseeg tau cov duab-cov neeg ua haujlwm nrog tej yam yees siv powers. Lawv hais tias kom taug kev los ntawm qhov chaw thiab lub sij hawm hauv cov kis ntawm lub teeb. Lub Peb lub koom txoos lub koom txoos yog txuam nrog neeg ua zombies (Wessinger 2017b). Bizango Hmo ntuj piav qhia txog cov duab-kev hloov chaw sib sau ua ke rau hmo ntuj ua si nyob hauv cov hav zoov ib sab ntawm lub ntxa. [Duab nyob sab xis] Tus ntoo khaub lig rau ntawm lub ntxa qhia tias txoj kev sib tshuam ntawm tus ntsuj plig thiab cov khoom ntiaj teb thiab tau ua lub luag haujlwm rau qhov chaw Gede ntsuj plig nyob. Glassman piav qhia tias:

Gede yog ib yam tshwj xeeb ntawm kev ua, qhov txawv ntawm lub lwa. Txoj cai Gede hla txoj kev tuag thiab kev sib daj sib deev thiab kev tsim dua, thiab yog cov thawj coj ntawm tsev neeg ntawm cov tuag. Lawv sawv ntawm kev tshuam ntawm txoj sia thiab kev tuag thiab kho neeg mob, uas tau hu ua cov teeb meem hauv lub neej thiab kev tuag. Lawv kuj yog cov neeg sib tw me me. Lawv tuaj yeem txaj muag thiab tsis meej pem, tab sis kuj muaj peev xwm muab cov lus teb rau siab thaum nug txog kev siab dawb (2018).

Thaum Glassman muab lus qhuab qhia hauv University of Louisiana ntawm Lafayette, Lus Askiv xib fwb Maurice W. DuQuesnay tau qhia nws lub npe ntawm Louisiana folktale ntawm tus dab ntawm Maurepas Swamp. Zaj dab neeg ntawm Swamp Witch ntawm Maurepas yog hais txog ib tus tub ntxhais hluas Irish neeg tsiv teb, Kate Mulvaney, leej twg nyob hauv New Orleans nrog nws txiv. Kate poob rau hauv kev hlub nrog ib tug txiv neej uas muaj ib tug poj niam nyob rau hauv Atlanta. Txawm li ntawd los, Kate tau mus nrog nws tus hlub, thiab nws tsis kam lees yuav nws txiv. Thaum nws tus poj niam pub ib lub pob zeb diamond, nws tso nws tseg. Kate txoj kev khaum qis thaum nws raug qaub ncaug los ntawm cov kab mob me me. Tus Voodoo "witch" nyob rau hauv New Orleans tau qhia nws mus nrog tus poj niam mulatto nyob hauv Maurepas Swamp. Lub Voodoo "witch" muab Kate zaub mov txawv rau tshuaj ntsuab teas thiab cov tshuaj, thiab ib zaug hauv Maurepas Swamp, nws pauv cov khoom noj rau cov ntses thiab cov kev ua si me me ntawm cov neeg hauv zos ntses thiab cov neeg yos hav zoov. Muaj ib hnub Kate nrhiav pom ib tus poj niam albino tom qab nws tuag nws lub cev. Nws lub npe hu ua Fawn White Tings, vim nws muaj 6 tufts ntawm nws lub taub hau uas ua rau nws xav txog tis buds. Tom qab cov tis dawb tis raug tua los ntawm ib tug neeg yos hav zoov, nws tshwm rau Kate nrog rau tis thiab coj nws mus txog saum ntuj ceeb tsheej. Nyob rau hauv txoj kev, nws paub tias nws txoj kev txhaum tau raug zam txim (Dubus [2017]).

Nyob rau hauv Lub Xya Hli 2017, ob ntawm Glassman cov duab, Tus poj niam ntawm Maurepas Hiav Txwv Kuv (2013) [Duab ntawm txoj cai] thiab Tus poj niam ntawm Maurepas Swamp II, tau muab tso rau hauv kev kos duab kos duab mus rau "The Swamp Witch" (Swamp Witch Art Exhibition [2017]) ntawm Basin Arts Galleries hauv Lafayette (Kiburz 2017). Nyob hauv Glassman qhov kev qhia txog zaj dab neeg, Swap Witch nyob hauv Maurepas Swamp raws li kev hais lus, qhov chaw uas nws ua hauj lwm rau cov tsiaj txhu thiab nkawv tau los ntawm lawv. Nws laus zuj zus thiab muaj qhov zoo li ib tug kws, tab sis hauv nws yog ib tug poj niam zoo nkauj heev. Lub pob liab dawb nws tau tu rau lub pob zeb loj rau nws tom qab, uas nws loj hlob zuj zus. Raws li Glassman, "Thaum nws thiab cov stag tuag, lawv tau morphed ua ke. Thiab tau kawg, tib neeg tseem pom nws hauv lub hav iav "(Wessinger 2017b).

Thaum xaus ntawm lub Hnub Tuag / Fét Gede nyob rau hauv qhov zoo chaw ntawm lub Kaum Ib Hlis 1, 2017, Glassman thiab cov tswv cuab ntawm La Source Ancienne Ounfo tau ua Vodou ritual uas dij ib qho chaw tshiab ntawm tus Swamp dab ntawm Maurepas los ntawm Ricardo Pustiano. Tus Pas Dej Cuam Tshuam, [Duab ntawm txoj cai] loj hlob hauv cov dej xws li cypress tsob ntoo uas muaj tsob ntoo nyob hauv cov hav dej, uas ncig los ntawm zaub, nyob hauv cov vines thiab Mev Moss, thiab nrog ib tus neeg ua haujlwm ntawm lub taub hau, cov kev ua ub no thiab kev ua ub ua no hauv kev kho lub chaw kho mob.

Thaum nug yog hais tias lub beings qhia nyob rau hauv nws preternatural realistic artwork yeej muaj nyob, Glassman replies tias nws prefers tsis los teb cov lus nug nyob rau hauv ib tug qhob yam. Lawv pom nws, nws pom li cas, nws xav li cas (Wessinger 2017b).

Nrog New Orleans Healing Center thiab Island of Salvation Botanica raws li nws hauv paus, thiab nws cov tsim yaam tshab ntawm artistic thiab La Source Ancienne Ounfo thiab Vodou rituals raws li nws sab ntsuj plig xyaum thiab kev tshoov siab, Glassman tseem ua rau nws ua rau sawv cev, kev ua zoo, thiab ua tau zoo. Nws cov tswv yim zoo nkauj thiab lub zeem muag yog ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm nws lub neej ntawm sab ntsuj plig, uas txaus siab rau tag nrho cov kev cai dab qhuas thaum nws tseem tab tom nyob hauv Haitian Vodou. Nws kev ua haujlwm thiab ua haujlwm ntawm sab ntsujplig yog zejzos thiab ua rau cov haujlwm zoo los kho neeg thiab ib puag ncig, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv New Orleans. Glassman cov kos duab thiab duab; nws Vodou altars, veve, thiab rituals; cov duab puab thiab cov duab ntawm cov kos duab los ntawm lwm cov neeg ua yeeb yam tso tawm hauv New Orleans Kho Chaw; thiab nws txoj kev ua neej yog cov kab lus uas nws xav kom ua rau qhov tseeb ntawm sab ntsuj plig muaj kev tshwm sim los ua cov neeg nyob hauv lub ntiaj teb.

DLAWS

** Tag nrho cov duab yog cov yeeb yaj duab uas siv tau mus rau cov duab kos tau.

Image # 1: St. John lub tswv yim ntawm Sallie Ann Glassman nrog lub thaj rau Marie Laveau. Bayou St. John, New Orleans, Louisiana. 23 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2017. Duab puab ntawm Marie Laveau los ntawm Ricardo Pustiano. Papier-mâché. Kev tuaj yeem ntawm Catherine Wessinger.
Image # 2: Sallie Ann Glassman, Swamp teeb. 2000. Roj ntawm canvas. Lub tsev hais plaub ntawm Sallie Ann Glassman.
Image # 3: Sallie Ann Glassman ntawm ib qho ntawm cov povthawj mus rau Hindu vajtswv poj niam Kālī hauv nws lub tsev hauv Bywater, New Orleans, Louisiana. 4 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2017. Kev tuaj yeem ntawm Catherine Wessinger.
Image # 4: Sallie Ann Glassman, xaiv Enochian tarot phaib. 1989.
Image # 5: Sallie Ann Glassman, Kurosawa. 1984. Roj ntawm canvas. Lub tsev hais plaub ntawm Sallie Ann Glassman.
Image # 6: Sallie Ann Glassman, kev xaiv ntawm New Orleans Voodoo Tarot Cards. 1992. Pastels ntawm ntawv. Lwa pom muaj nyob hauv cov ntawv teev lus saum toj kawg nkaus, sab laug rau sab xis, yog: Legba, tus gatekeeper thiab tus neeg saib xyuas ntawm txoj kev sib tshuam; Damballah, tus nquab creator lwa tuav lub ntiaj teb qe (lub ntiaj teb hauv kev muaj peev xwm); Erzulie Freda Dahomey (Ezili Freda Dahomey), lwa poj niam kev hlub thiab kev zoo nkauj. Hauv qab kab, sab laug rau sab xis, yog: Lasirén lub mesmerizing mermaid, ib qho ntawm Ezili Freda Dahomey; Les Barons, tus thawj coj ntawm Gede tsev neeg ntawm Lwa uas kav kev tuag, kev sib deev, kev tsim kho tshiab, thiab leej twg sawv ntsug nyob rau hauv qab ntawm kev tshuam ntawm txoj sia thiab kev tuag, hauv qab Legba; thiab Gede (Guedeh). Lub tsev hais plaub ntawm Sallie Ann Glassman.
Image # 7: Keeb Kwm ntawm Kev Nyuaj Siab Botanica thaum nws nyob rau Piety Street nyob rau hauv lub zos Bywater ntawm New Orleans. 2005. Vodou ntsuj plig tau pom hauv Sallie Ann Glassman zaj duab xis, sab saum toj kab, sab laug rau sab xis: Yemaya, Ogou Sen Jak, Ezili Danto, Bawon Samedi; hauv qab uake, sab laug rau sab xis: St. Expedition, Lasirén, Ezili Freda Dahomey hauv dej tshuaj yej nrog Ogou. Yees duab los ntawm Infringmation ntawm New Orleans. Tsev hais plaub ntawm Wikimedia Commons.
Image # 8: Sallie Ann Glassman, Kali rau ntawm Battlefield. 1997. Roj ntawm canvas. Lub tsev hais plaub ntawm Sallie Ann Glassman.
Image # 9: Sallie Ann Glassman teeb duab rau lub vev, siv pluas mov pob kws, ua ntej Marie Laveau lub thaj ntawm Bayou St. John choj, New Orleans, 23 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2017. Kev tuaj yeem ntawm Catherine Wessinger.
Image # 10: Sallie Ann Glassman, Mahabharata, 2001. Roj ntawm canvas. Lub tsev hais plaub ntawm Sallie Ann Glassman.
Image # 11: Sallie Ann Glassman, Lasirén. 2003. Roj ntawm canvas. Lub tsev hais plaub ntawm Sallie Ann Glassman.
Image # 12: Kev Tuag Cua Kub Dua Ntawm Lub Tuam Tsev Ancienne Ounfo rau 15 Lub Xya Hli 2017. Kev tuaj yeem ntawm Catherine Wessinger.
Image # 13: Sallie Ann Glassman, Apology mus rau Dej. 2010. Roj ntawm canvas. Lub tsev hais plaub ntawm Sallie Ann Glassman.
Image # 14: Tshiab Orleans Kho Chaw. Tau txais los ntawm  https://www.neworleanshealingcenter.org/2017-a-year-in-review/ nyob rau 25 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018. Lub tsev kho mob tshiab ntawm New Orleans Kho Chaw.
Image # 15: Thoob Ntiaj Teb Txwj Laug ntawm Marie Laveau hauv New Orleans Kho Chaw. 2017. Sculpture los ntawm Ricardo Pustiano. Papier-mâché. Kev tuaj yeem ntawm Catherine Wessinger.
Image # 16: Sallie Ann Glassman, Machu Picchu. 2015. Roj ntawm canvas. Lub tsev hais plaub ntawm Sallie Ann Glassman.
Image # 17: Sallie Ann Glassman, Bizango Hmo ntuj. 2002. Roj ntawm canvas. Lub tsev hais plaub ntawm Sallie Ann Glassman.
Image # 18: Sallie Ann Glassman, Tus poj niam ntawm Maurepas Swamp. 2013. Roj ntawm canvas. Lub tsev hais plaub ntawm Sallie Ann Glassman.
Image # 19: Ricardo Pustiano, Swamp poj dab ntawm Maurepas. 2017. Papier-mâché, Mev Moss, ntoo ceg, thiab pom cov khoom. Kev tuaj yeem ntawm Catherine Wessinger.

ua tim khawv

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"Credo." 2018. Tshiab Orleans Kho Chaw. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.neworleanshealingcenter.org/credo/ nyob rau 12 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018.

DuBus, Elizabeth Nell. 2017. "Synopsis." Jonathon Silver Ahhee Photography thiab Tsim. Tau txais los ntawm http://www.silverlightconcepts.com/the-swamp-witch-a-louisiana-folk-tale/ nyob rau 11 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018.

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Island of Salvation. 2018. Tau txais los ntawm http://islandofsalvationbotanica.com/  nyob rau 17 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018.

Kiburz, Nick. 2017. "Loj Lub Npe Campus, Lub Zej Zog Ntawm Zej Zog Siv Cov Neeg Saib Xyuas mus rau Nroj Tsiaj" Cov Pob Ntseg Pob Ntseg "Hauv Cov Poj Tsib Yug." Allons! Arts, Lom ze thiab Txhua yam Acadiana, Xya hli 12. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.thevermilion.com/allons/big-name-campus-community-figures-take-viewers-to-the-wetlands/article_ce302027-835a-5396-8ef7-093436f301dd.html nyob rau 20 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018.

"La Source Ancienne." 2018. Island of Salvation. Tau txais los ntawm islandofsalvationbotanica.com/source-ancienne/ on 17 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018.

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Hnubtim:
30 Lub rau hli ntuj 2018

Qhia