James Richardson Bibliography

World Religions & Spirituality Project Video Interview

James T. Richardson on “The Brainwashing Thesis”


Anthony, Dick. 1990. “Religious Movements and Brainwashing Litigation: Evaluating Key Testimony. In In Gods We Trust: New Patterns of Religious Pluralism in America, Thomas Robbins and Dick Anthony, 295–344. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books.

Barker, Eileen. 1984. The Making of a Moonie: Choice or Brainwashing? Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Bromley, David G., and James T. Richardson, eds. 1983. The Brainwashing/Deprogramming Controversy: Sociological, Psychological, Legal, and Historical Perspectives. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press.

Richardson, James T. 1993. “A Social Psychological Critique of ‘Brainwashing’ Claims about Recruitment to New Religions.” In Religion and the Social Order: The Handbook on Cults and Sects in America, ed. David G. Bromley and Jeffrey K. Hadden, 75–97.

———.  1996. “Sociology and the New Religions: ‘Brainwashing,’ the Courts, and Religious Freedom,” in Witnessing for Sociology: Sociologists in Court, ed. Pamela J. Jenkins and Steve Kroll-Smith, 115–34. Westport, CN: Praeger.

———. 2011. “Deprogramming: From Private Self-Help to Governmental Organized Repression.” Crime, Law, and Social Change 55: 321–36.

———. 2014. “Brainwashing and Mental Health.” In Encyclopedia of Mental Health, 2nd ed., Howard Friedman, 210–15. New York: Elsevier.

———. 2014. “Brainwashing as Forensic Evidence.” In Handbook of Forensic Sociology, ed. Steve Morewitz and Mark Goldstein, 77–85. New York: Springer

———. 2021. “Perspective Essay: The Myth of the Omnipotent Leader: The Social Construction of a Misleading Account of Leadership in New Religious Movements.” Nova Religio 24, no. 4 (May): 11–25.