Constance Elsberg is Professor Emerita at Northern Virginia Community College, where she has taught anthropology, sociology and women’s studies. Her interests and areas of research include ethnography, women and religion, alternative religions, Sikh Studies, and the anthropology of art. She was a participant in the Seminar in Sikh Studies, Chandigarh, India during the summers of 2002 and 2004 and 2006. Her publications on 3HO include: Graceful Women: Gender and Identity in an American Sikh Community (2003); “By an Indirect Route: Women in 3HO/Sikh Dharma” in Doris R. Jakobsh, ed., Sikhism and Women (2010); “’Strong as Steel, Steady as Stone’: Skirting Pitfalls in 3HO/Sikh Dharma” in James R. Lewis, ed., Violence and New Religious Movements (2011); “Sikh Dharma of the Western Hemisphere “in Brill’s Encyclopedia of Sikhism Vol. I (2017) and “Bootstraps and Turbans: Sustenance, Belief and Entrepreneurship in 3HO/Sikh Dharma,” in Nova Religio, Vol 23, No. 1. (2019).