Ustjá ruru unyi

Sunburst (Brothermụnna Sun)

OZI OZI

1929: A mụrụ Norman Paulsen.

1947: Paulsen sonyeere Yogananda's Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF).

1951: Paulsen hapụrụ SRF.

1969: Paulsen guzobere Brothertù Brothermụnna nke Sun na Santa Barbara, California.

1970: Paulsen zụtara ala ubi, na-akpọ ya Sunburst Farm.

1971: Brothertù Brothermụnna nke Sun ka etinyere dịka Obodo nke Sunburst ma guzobe Sunburst Natural Foods.

1975: Brothertù Themụnna nke Sun nwetara mgbasa ozi mba maka ọrụ nri ya; akwụkwọ akụkọ mpaghara gbara akụkọ banyere egbe egbe na agha ndị Sunburst na-akwakọba.

1978: Sunburst mepere nnukwu ụlọ ahịa; E jidere Paulsen n’etiti ọtụtụ ebubo.

1980: Paulsen bipụtara akụkọ ọdịnala ya, Sunburst.

1981: Imirikiti ndị otu ahapụla otu ahụ mgbe nsogbu dị iche iche gasịrị; Paulsen na ndị otu fọdụrụ kwagara Nevada.

1983: Otu a kwagara Utah, ebe akpọrọ ha ndị na-ewu ụlọ.

1987: Sunburst meghere New Frontiers nke mbụ ụlọ ahịa nri na Utah.

1991: Paulsen weghaara isi ụlọ ọrụ otu ahụ na California, na-akpọ otu Solar Logos.

2006: Paulsen nwụrụ, nwunye ya Patty ghọrọ onye nduzi ime mmụọ; ndi otu a weghachiri dika Sunburst Church of Self Realization.

2014: Sunburst rere ụlọ ahịa New Frontiers fọdụrụnụ ma e wezụga otu na Solvang, California.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

E guzobere Sunburst na 1969 na Santa Barbara, California, nke Norman Paulsen (1929-2006) dere. Kemgbe ọtụtụ afọ, ìgwè ahụ akpọwo onwe ya ọtụtụ aha: hoodtù ofmụnna nke Sun, Ndị Na-ewu Ihe, Solar Logos Foundation, na Sunburst. Na 2006, ọ webatara dị ka Sunburst Church of Self Realization.

A mụrụ Norman Paulsen na 1929 na California. Nna ya, Charles Paulsen (d.1970), bụ onye ọka ikpe na onye ozi Buddhist (nke a maara dị ka "Blind Buddha") na Lompoc na San Luis Obispo. Dịka nwata, Norman nwere ọhụụ nke ndị mmadụ na-enyo enyo bụ ndị bịara ileta ya ma ọ bụ kuzie ya nka (Paulsen 1980). Ọtụtụ afọ ka e mesịrị, ọ ga-azọrọ na ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị a bụ Paramahansa Yogananda, Melchizedek, na Jesus Christ (Paulsen 1980). Mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na isii, Paulsen ghọrọ onye ahịa azụmaahịa, gaa Asia na Middle East, wee banye na US Navy, na-enweta nkwanye ugwu dị ebube mgbe nne ya nwụsịrị na 1947.

Mgbe m gụsịrị Yogananda's Autobiography nke a Yogi (1946), Paulsen banyere na Yogananda's Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF) na Los Angeles na 1947 iji mụọ na ebe obibi ndị mọnk nke SRF nke Mount Washington wee bụrụ onye mọnk. [Foto dị n'aka nri] N'ebe ahụ, ọ mụrụ Kriya Yoga, usoro ntụgharị uche maka inweta nghọta onwe onye na ịdị n'otu nke mbara igwe site na iduzi ike ọgụgụ isi na azụ chakras. Ọ gụkwara gbasara ọtụtụ okpukpe. Na SRF, ọ mụtara ịkọ ugbo, ịkwa nkà, na iwu, na 1951 nyeere aka rụọ otu n'ime ụlọ nri mbụ anaghị eri anụ na California, SRF's India House Café.

Senmụ akwụkwọ ibe Paulsen na SRF gụnyere ndị enyi ya Bernard Cole (c.1922-c.1980), onye dịka Yogacharya Bernard ghọrọ onye nkuzi ime mmụọ nọọrọ onwe ya; Daniel Boone (1930-2015), onye nyere aka wulite Integratron, nnukwu ụlọ ndozi na "igwe oge" na Ndagwurugwu Yucca nke California; Roy Eugene Davis (b. 1931), onye ga - achọta New Life Worldwide ma mesịa duzie Centerlọ Ọrụ Maka Mmata nke Mmụọ; na J. Donald Walters (1926-2013), nke amara nke ọma dịka Swami Kriyananda, onye guzobere Ananda Cooperative Communities (Kriyananda 2011; Paulsen 1980; Walters 1977).

Mgbe ọ nọ na SRF, Paulsen nwere nrọ ebe ọ hụrụ ndị na-eto eto bi na nso Santa Barbara, ọhụụ nke lebara Sunburst anya (Hansen-Gates 1976; Paulsen 1980). O mechara dee n'akwụkwọ akụkọ ya, Sunburst: Nlaghachi nke Ndị Ochie (1980), na nrọ a ga-emezu "ọhụụ Yogananda nke ijikọ ụwa ọnụ nke òtù ụmụnna nọ ebe ụmụ nwoke, ụmụ nwanyị na ụmụaka nwere ike ibikọ ọnụ na-eme ka ibi ndụ dị elu na echiche dị elu" wee si otú a nwee mmekọrịta n'etiti Chineke (Paulson 1980: 485) . Maka Yogananda, ọchịchị ụmụnne ụwa nwere ike ịgwọ ọha mmadụ nke ihe kpatara akpata ịda mba, ya bụ ịchọ ọdịmma onwe onye na ịzụ ahịa (Yogananda 1939; Yogananda 1959). Ha gụnyere nkwa nke ịdị mfe, mkpakọrịta, inwekọ ihe onwunwe, ibi ndụ ọnụ, ime afọ, na nyocha ime mmụọ.

Na 1951, akpọrọ Paulsen “onye ozi” nke SRF, mana ọ hapụrụ otu ahụ n’afọ ahụ mgbe esemokwu ya na Yogananda nwere banyere ịdị ọcha na ịdị ọcha nke ezigbo enyi ya Daniel Boone (Paulsen 1980). Paulsen nọrọ afọ ndị sochirinụ na-arụ ọrụ dị ka onye ahịa, ọkachasị n'ịrụ ụlọ na ịlọ, na nyocha mmegharị ime mmụọ. N’oge na-adịghị anya ka ọ laghachisịrị Santa Barbara, ọ zutere ihe ọ kpọrọ akpọ M AMA M B I M, Christ, Divine Solar Logos, ma ọ bụ Nne na Nna Chukwu (Paulsen 1980). Ọ hụrụ ọhụụ nke Ọgbọ Ọchịchị nke ụmụ mmadụ na-ebi ndụ na mbara igwe, nke a na-amata mmadụ niile n'ụzọ ziri ezi dịka ụmụ nwoke na ụmụ nwanyị nke Chineke.

Na 1952, sitere na mbiputa nke M Na-agba Otu ucgbọ Mmiri Na-efe efe (1952), Paulsen zutere onye edemede ya, onye ama ama UFO bụ George W. Van Tassel, ma sonye na otu UFO nke Van Tassel na Giant Rock, California. Paulsen lụrụ ma mesịa gbaa alụkwaghịm (1954-1957) Nwa nwanyị Tassel bụ Glenda, mụọ nwa nwoke, wee bụrụ ọkachamara n'ịkụzi ọkụ na ọrụ ọkụ eletrik. Paulsen ga-enwe ma ọ dịkarịa ala ụmụ nwanyị ise n'oge ndụ ya. Paulsen dere na mgbe otu akụkọ ọha na eze banyere Van Tassel si na onye ọbịa, Paulsen na enyi ya bụ Daniel Boone kpọtara onye ọbịa ọbịa aha ya bụ Waldo bụ onye rutere n'ụwa na mbara igwe (Paulsen 1980). Paulsen kwukwara na ya zutere ọhụụ mba ọzọ na 1953.

N'ime afọ ndị 1950, ọ gara n'ihu na-enwe ọhụụ, ọkachasị banyere ndị ọbịa na-eleta, ndị ọ ga-emesịa kọwaa dị ka Kraịst na Melkizedek yana ndị nwere nghọta nke ọ ghọtara na ha bụ ndị njem Lemurian ma ọ bụ ndị mmụọ ozi nke mbara igwe ọ kpọrọ Ndị Ochie ma ọ bụ, ọzọ, Ndị na-ewu ụlọ (Cusack 2021; Grünschloß 1998; Paulsen 1980; Trompf 1990). Ndị ahụ gwara Paulsen na afọ 500,000 gara aga, ha bịara n'ụwa iji guzobe mmepeanya dị mma, kọntinent Mu nke furu efu, mana agha mechara bụrụ ọgụ na-ebuso ndị mmadụ agha mere ka ha pụọ. Otu ụbọchị, ha gwara ya, ndị Ochie ga-alọta na ọrụ Paulsen bụ inye aka dozie ụzọ maka nloghachi ha. Mgbe ha laghachiri, agha apocalyptic ga-eme n'etiti "Ndị agha nke Ìhè na Ike nke Ọchịchịrị" (Paulsen 1980: 285).

Mmalite 1960s bụ oge mmerụ ahụ, ọrịa, na ịda ogbenye maka Paulsen, gụnyere ịdoụbiga ọgwụ ókè, itinye aka ya na ụlọ ọrụ ọgụgụ isi steeti, yana ịnwe ahụmịhe ọnwụ. Ma na 1964, mgbe ọ hapụsịrị ụlọ ọgwụ, ndị na-ewu ụlọ gwara ya ka ọ kpọkọta obodo dị njikere maka ha dị ka ebe ntọala (Paulsen 1980). Ka oge na-aga, Paulsen ga-ede na ya bụ onye ọchịchị oge ochie nke Mu bụ onye na-efe ụgbọ mmiri n'akụkụ Kraịst yana na ọ ga-eduga na nloghachi nke Ndị Ochie mgbe ha rutere guzobe "Alaeze Chineke nke Anyanwụ" (Paulsen 1980; Trompf 2012).

Ka ọ na-erule ngwụsị 1960, na-ebi na Santa Barbara, Paulsen kụziri klasị ntụgharị uche ma duzie otu mkparịta ụka banyere mmụọ maka ndị ntorobịa nwere nsogbu na-achọ ahụmịhe omimi na ibi ndụ dị ọcha. Na 1969, Paulsen na ndị na-eso ụzọ ya hiwere Brothertù hoodmụnna nke Anyanwụ, aha nke na-egosipụta ma ọhụụ ha nke Sun Ime Mmụọ (ọkụ ọcha nke Onye Okike, mmekọrịta nke bụ ebumnuche kachasị elu nke ndị otu Brothermụnna) yana otu homophone nke Jizọs bụ Ọkpara Chineke. Ka ìgwè ahụ na-etolite, ha malitere nzukọ na ụlọ ọrụ ochie ice cream. Ha ji aka ha rụọrọ onwe ha ọrụ, iwu ụlọ, ịsụcha ụlọ na ilekọta ụlọ. Agbanyeghị, ndị otu chọrọ ka ha biri n'otu ugbo, na-akọ nri ndị sitere n'okirikiri, ma na-eresị ọhaneze nri ndị sitere n'okike dịka ụzọ nkwado ha (Paulsen 1980).

Na 1970, Paulsen zụtara otu ala dị hekta 160 n'akụkụ Santa Barbara site na ego sitere na nkwupụta ndị ọrụ na onyinye ndị na-eso ụzọ ya. Ọ kpọrọ ya Sunburst Farm. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Nye Paulsen, ugbo ahụ bụ ebe ime mmụọ ma kọwaa na ọ nwere nleta site n'aka ndị nna ochie, ndị na-ewu ụlọ ma ọ bụ ndị oge ochie, bụ ndị gọziri ọrụ ya (Paulsen 1980). N'afọ sochirinụ, Sunburst zụrụ ala ọrụ 220-acre nke ọ kpọrọ Lemuria Ranch.

Na 1971, hoodtù hoodmụnna nke Sun ka etinyere dịka ọrụ anaghị akwụ ụgwọ okpukperechi, nke a kpọrọ Sunburst Communities, Inc., wee mepụta Sunburst Natural Foods dị ka ndị otu na-ahụ maka ụlọ ọrụ na-erite uru iji jikwaa azụmaahịa nri ahụike ha. N'afọ ahụ ka ha mepere Sunburst Community Store iji ree ngwaahịa ha, n'oge na-adịghịkwa anya ha guzobere ụlọ ọrụ na-ebu mmanụ, a na-akpọkwa Sunburst Natural Foods, iji kesaa nri ndị na-edozi ahụ na ngwaahịa ndị akọrọ na ụlọ ahịa ndị ọzọ. Companylọ ọrụ ahụ ghọrọ "otu n'ime ndị na - ekesa ihe oriri ndị toro eto na United States," na - ebugharị nri nke aka ha na ndị ọzọ a na-akọ nri na ahịhịa ndị ọzọ na ụlọ nri na ụlọ nri na America dum (Paulsen 1980; leekwa Chandler 1974; Corwin 1989; T. Miller 1999).

N'ime mbido 1970s, Sunburst mepere ụlọ oriri na ọ twoụ twoụ abụọ dị na mpaghara ahụ, ebe a na-eme achịcha, ebe a na-eme mmiri ara ehi, na ụlọ ọrụ na-eme ka mmiri mkpụrụ osisi, n'etiti ụlọ ọrụ ndị ọzọ, wee zụta ugbo 2,000-acre. Paulsen goro ndị ọka iwu, ndị na-edekọ ego na ndị ọrụ ego iji bulie uru dị ukwuu na ngalaba azụmaahịa ha, nke bụ thetù ofmụnna Mmadụ, ka ha wee nwee ike itinyeghachi ha na obodo na ala ha. Sunburst na-ere ngwaahịa ha ka ọ bụrụ ahụike, na-adigide gburugburu ebe obibi, ma na-edozi ahụ n'ụzọ ime mmụọ karịa nri ndị anaghị arụ ọrụ ma ọ bụ ndị toro eto. Sunburst Organic Apple Juice rere nke ọma na mba. Ndị otu obodo na-arụ ọrụ na-akwụghị ụgwọ, mana ha natara nri na-edozi ahụ, uwe dị mfe, nlekọta ahụike, oke ala, na ụlọ. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ka azụmahịa ndị na-eri nri ndị na-eto eto na-eto, ọ nyeere aka ịmepụta ụkpụrụ maka ụlọ ọrụ ihe ọkụkụ na-apụta (Hoesly 2019; S. Leslie 1979). Sunburst bụ akụkụ dị mkpa nke obodo ndị na-azụ ala na 1970 na mmepe nke ụlọ ahịa ihe oriri (Dobrow 2014; Edgington 2008; Hoesly 2019).

Ọrụ Sunburst gbasasịrị ma gbasaa na ngwụcha afọ 1970 ka ọ ghọrọ onye na-azụ ahịa na-ere nri na nri ndị America, ihe otu odeakụkọ akpọrọ "Natural Foods Empire" (Meade 1981). [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ihe New York Times, Los Angeles Times, na Chicago Tribune kọrọ banyere ihe ịga nke ọma nke njem ahụ, nke ruru ihe karịrị ndị òtù 340 wee nweta ihe karịrị $ 3,000,000 na uru na 1975 (Chandler 1974; Nordheimer 1975; Zyda 1976). Na 1976, Sunburst zutara ugbo 3,000 acre a na-akpọ Tajiguas Ranch, na onye otu, Susan Duquette, bipụtara Akwụkwọ nri ezinụlọ nke Sunburst (1976), nke rere nke ọma na mbipụta abụọ ma kwalite otu na ebumnuche ime mmụọ ya. Paulsen zụtara ụgbọ mmiri anọ buru ibu (otu ahụ nwere naanị otu n'oge ọ bụla) iji jide azụ maka azụmaahịa Sunburst Pierce Fisheries na maka obi ụtọ. Sunburst nwalekwara ihe ndi na-emetọ emetọ, dika igwe na-enye ume efu (Schiff 1981; Zachary 1981a).

N’afọ 1978, Sunburst mepere nnukwu ụlọ ahịa ọzọ, na-ere nri nke aka ya, ihe ndị sitere n’ubi ndị ọzọ, na ngwaahịa ndị ọzọ. Lọ ahịa ahụ malitere ịsụ ụzọ ire ihe ndị buru ibu n'ọhịa ndị sara mbara, bụ́ ndị na-adịghị eri nri. Sunburst kesara mkpụrụ sitere na ndị ọrụ ubi ndị ọzọ na California na Southwest, gụnyere mbuga na Chicago, New York, Canada, na nnukwu ahịa ndị ọzọ site na gwongworo na ụgbọ elu. Ka ọ na-erule 1980, Sunburst nwetara $ 16,000,000 site na ụzọ iri na abụọ na ire ere na obodo ise (Meade 1981).

Ka ọ na-erule 1978, ọtụtụ ihe malitere ịchụpụ ndị mmadụ na Sunburst (Beresford 2007; Black 1977; Cass 1975; Chandler 1981a; Corwin 1989; Kwa 1982; Hurst 1975a; Hurst 1975b; Ibáñez 1975; King 1980; Nordheimer 1975; Trompf 1990; Onye na-akpa ákwà 1982). Ebubo na 1975 na Paulsen gosipụtara egbe n'ihu ọha, na-akwakọba egbe, ma na-ahụ maka ọzụzụ ọzụzụ ndị agha na nkwadebe maka apocalypse na-abịanụ kpatara mmeri na mgbasa ozi ọjọọ. N'ihi nke a, ndị otu mgbagha nyochara Sunburst, na-eduga na ntọrọ mmadụ abụọ nke Sunburst na 1976 site n'aka "deprogrammer" Ted Patrick (Brantingham 1977a; Brantingham 1977b). Mgbe e mechara boro ebubo na Paulsen metọrọ ọgwụ mgbu, ụmụaka na-emegbu ụmụaka n'ụzọ mmekọahụ, ma gbanahụ ụtụ isi, na mgbakwunye na iyi egwu iyi egwu na ndị mmanye iwu mgbe ejidere ya maka ịkwọ ụgbọala mmanya na iguzogide njide na 1978, mere ka ọtụtụ ndị otu tụgharịa megide ya n'ihu ọha. Ebubo ndị a dugakwara nyocha gọọmentị na-arịwanye elu, gụnyere ndị Enlọ Ọrụ Na-ahụ Maka Ọgwụ Ọjọọ, Bureaulọ Ọrụ Federal Bureau nke Nchọpụta, na Ngalaba Ikpe Ziri Ezi (Hoesly 2019). Paulsen kwuru na ya nara ọgwụ iji belata ihe mgbu na-egbu oge site na mmerụ mbụ wee weghachite ike gwụrụ site na ịnye ndụmọdụ ime mmụọ, mana ọtụtụ ndị otu agbanyụrụ ya site na ị alcoholụbiga mmanya na ị drugụ ọgwụ ọjọọ, nke mebiri iwu obodo Sunburst (Corwin 1989). Ngwongwo nke Sunburst na apocalypticism dọtara uche dị ukwuu mgbe 1978 Peoples Temple gburu onwe ya na Guyana na n'oge mkpọsa onye isi ala nke 1980, ebe ọ bụ na otu ụlọ ọrụ Sunburst gosipụtara Ronald Reagan.

Na mgbakwunye na nchegbu ndị a, ndị otu boro ebubo na Sunburst anaghị ekesara akụ na ụba ya azụmaahịa, kama na-abawanye ọgaranya naanị maka ime Paulsen. Na 1980, ndị ọrụ ụlọ ahịa kpasuru iwe maka otu ndị ọrụ ma mesịa mee mkpesa banyere ụjọ iyi egwu nke njikwa Sunburst (Hall 1980; C. Miller 1981). Competitionsọ mpi na ahịa oriri na-edozi ahụ wepụrụ ego site na ịbelata ọnụahịa nke Sunburst, yana akụnụba mba gbadara n'etiti mmụba na-arị elu, enweghị ọrụ dị elu, na ịlaghachi azụ. Ka ọ na-erule 1981, ụzọ abụọ n'ụzọ atọ nke ndị otu ahapụla, na-ahapụ ugbo na ahịa na ndị ọrụ pere mpe. Nsogbu akụ na ụba na ọrụ a butere ọdịda akụ na ụba nke Sunburst. Otu ikpe nke 1981 nke ihe karịrị mmadụ iri asaa na mbụ, nke mechara chụpụ, chọrọ $ 1.300,000 nke uru otu ahụ, yana ikpe dị iche banyere enweghị ike ịkwụ ụgwọ ụgwọ nke Sunburst mere ka Sunburst ree Tajiguas Ranch (Mann 1982; Meade 1981; Zachary 1981b). Sunburst kpochapuru ihe ndi ozo nke California site na 1982.

Na 1981-1982, Paulsen na ihe ruru otu narị n'ime ndị otu aka ahụ hapụrụ California maka nnukwu anụ ụlọ na Wells, Nevada, nke a na-akpọ Big Springs Ranch, yana ogige ntụrụndụ ụlọ na Oasis dị nso, obere ebe ndị otu nọ na-arụ ọrụ gas. , mini-mart, nkwari akụ, na ụlọ oriri na ọ restaurantụ restaurantụ (Chandler 1981b; Greverus 1990; Paulsen 2002). Ebe a na-azụ anụ ụlọ nke ọkara nde na-erughị ele ọbịa maka mmepụta ihe ubi, ọkachasị n'ihi oge oyi, oyi na oge ọkọchị na-eto eto. Ka ọ na-erule afọ 1983, mgbe Paulsen tachiri obi n'oge oyi ma chee ihe mgbachi ihu n'ebe a na-azụ nri, Paulsen kpọgara ihe ka ọtụtụ n'ime ndị fọdụrụnụ na Salt Lake City, Utah, ebe ọ gụgharịrị ha aha ndị na-ewu ụlọ.

N'ime oge 1980 na n'etiti 1990s, obodo ahụ dara n'ihu, wee gbadaa ihe ruru mmadụ abụọ ma ọ bụ iri na abụọ (Corwin 1989). Na Utah, ọtụtụ n'ime ha hapụrụ ọrụ ugbo iji chọta ọrụ ọzọ, na-ebi n'ụlọ obibi nke okpukpu anọ wee nwee ụlọ obibi ha jikwaa, na-atụgharị uche kwa ụbọchị iji kwado ịdị n'otu (Paulsen 2002). Ndị ọzọ biri na ogige Nevada trailer. Ndị otu kwụsịrị ịkọkọta akụnụba ọnụ ma malite ịkpata ego n'otu n'otu. Na Salt Lake City, ha zụtara, rụzigharịa ma ree ụlọ; gbara ọsọ azụmahịa nke mbibi; malitere ịweghachi ezumike nke izu ụka maka ndị na-achọ mmụọ; ma mepee ọtụtụ ụlọ ahịa nri, nke a na-akpọ New Frontiers (Hoesly 2019). Fọdụ ndị otu gara Arizona ma mepee ụlọ ahịa Frontiers atọ ọzọ n'etiti 1988-1995.

Paulsen, onye nọrọ oge na Salt Lake City na Las Vegas, laghachiri California na 1988, na-achọ ala maka ọhụụ ọhụụ (Corwin 1989). Na 1991, ọ gụgharịrị aha otu Solar Logos ma zụta ụlọ 53-acres nso Buellton, California, na-akpọ ya Sunburst Farm, ebe ọ kwagara isi ụlọ ọrụ otu n'afọ na-esote. N'oge na-adịghị anya Paulsen zụtara ala nke abụọ a na-akpọ Nojoqui Farm (nke a na-akpọkwa New Frontiers Farm) iji zụlite mkpụrụ osisi maka ahịa ha. Na 1995-1996, ihe ka ọtụtụ n'ime ndị otu kwagara Santa Santa Barbara wee wuo ụlọ na ebe mgbaba na ebe ana-azụ anụ.

Ahịa Frontiers ọhụrụ abụrụla isi ihe na-akpata ego maka obodo ebe 1990s ma na-eje ozi dị ka ụzọ maka nri nri mkpụrụ ndụ Sunburst na ụkpụrụ ime mmụọ (Spaulding 2008). [Foto dị n'aka nri] Paulsen kwuru na ụlọ ahịa ọ bụla bụ "vortex nke ike ọgwụgwọ" nke ndị ahịa yana ndị ọrụ nwere ike na-eche (Paulsen 2016: 339). N'agbanyeghị nke ahụ, ka otu ahụ kwagara California, ịrụ ọrụ na ụlọ ahịa na steeti ndị ọzọ ghọrọ ihe siri ike. Na 1996, ha rere ụlọ ahịa Utah atọ ahụ na Wild Oats, ihe oriri na-edozi ihe oriri. Na 1997, ha mepere ụlọ ahịa ọhụrụ abụọ na California.

Norman Paulsen nwụrụ na 2006 (Nisperos 2007). N'afọ ahụ, nwunye ya, Patty Paulsen, ghọrọ onye nduzi ime mmụọ nke otu ahụ ma gbanwee aha ya site na Solar Logos gaa Sunburst, na-etinye ya dị ka Sunburst Church of Self Realization. Kemgbe ahụ, Sunburst ewuwo ebe nsọ ọhụrụ na ebe mgbaba na Sunburst Farm, bụ nke ọ na-esi na ngwụcha izu ụka, permaculture workshops, meditation and yoga classes, na ọrụ kwa izu. Ihe dị ka mmadụ iri na abụọ bi n'ugbo ahụ, nke na-aga n'ihu na-eto, na-eje ozi, ma na-ere nri nri (Knapp 2019). Na 2014, Sunburst rere ụlọ ahịa New Frontiers na California na ụlọ ahịa Arizona atọ niile na Whole Foods, na-ahapụ naanị ụlọ ahịa ha na Solvang, California (K. Leslie 2014). N'agbanyeghị ndị otu na-agbadata, otu a gara n'ihu na omume mmụọ nke "edemede onwe onye na nke ụwa" site na nri ndị sitere n'okike, ntụgharị uche, na nghọta onwe ha (Sunburst website nd).

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

Paulsen kwadoro nkwenkwe ime mmụọ dị iche iche. Ndị a gụnyere Christianity dị omimi, okpukpe ndị Juu nke ndị Essene, ọdịnala Hopi, Buddha, okpukpe Hindu, Theosophy, na Ufology. Ihe kachasị emetụta na obodo Sunburst bụ Paramahansa Yogananda na Jesus Christ (Paulsen 1980; Sunburst webụsaịtị nd “Mmụọ nke Mmụọ”). Enwere ike ịchọta nkọwa nke Paulsen dị mgbagwoju anya, nkwenkwe sịntetik na akụkọ ọdịnala ya, nke o bipụtara na nsụgharị anọ n'oge ndụ ya (1980, 1984, 1994, 2002). Nwunye ya Patty bipụtara mbipụta nke ise nke edegharịrị (2016). Ọtụtụ isiokwu ndị ọkachamara lekwasịrị anya n'ọhụụ na nkwenkwe UFO nke Paulsen (Grünschloß 1998; Gruenschloss 2003; Grünschloß 2004; Grünschloß 2006; Trompf 1979; Trompf 1990; Trompf 2003; Trompf 2012; Trompf na Bernauer 2012).

Yogananda mere ka nkwenye nke Sunburst kwenye na ntụgharị uche, na Kriya Yoga karịsịa, bụ ụzọ nke nghọta onwe onye. Nghọta nke onwe bu nghọta di iche-iche na mmadu bu Chineke ma jikota ya na ike ya ma obu Chineke. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Nghọta a na-eweta nkwekọ na ụwa. Maka ndị Sunbursters, nghọta onwe ha site na nkwekọrịta nke yogic na-amịpụta mmụọ nke Kraịst. Dị ka Paulsen si kwuo, Jizọs Kraịst kụziri na ụmụ mmadụ nwere Chineke n'ime ha nakwa na mmadụ ọ bụla nwere ikike nke Chineke. Maka Paulsen, Jizọs kụziri otu nghọta onwe ya dị ka Yogananda (Paulsen 1980; Sunburst website nd “Ime Mmụọ Ime Mmụọ”).

Ndị otu Sunburst kwenyere na ibi ụzọ asatọ nke otu ahụ na omume ọma iri na abụọ na-eduga na nghọta nke Kraịst na nghọta nke mbara igwe, nke Paulsen kpọkwara na nghọta onwe onye na nghọta Chineke (Paulsen 2000; Sunburst webụsaịtị nd "Thezọ egwurugwu"). Zọ nke asatọ nke maara ihe na-agụnye ntụgharị uche, omume, ọmụmụ ihe, okwu, mkpakọrịta, nri, ọrụ, na ntụrụndụ. Omume iri na abụọ ahụ bụ ọrụ ebere, okwukwe, iguzosi ike n'ihe, ndidi, ikwesị ntụkwasị obi, nnọgidesi ike, njide onwe onye, ​​ịdị umeala n'obi, obi ike, nkwekọ, kọnotu, na ọmịiko. Site na ntụgharị uche na ibi ndụ ziri ezi, ndị mmadụ ga-eteta n'ụdị dị ọcha n'ime ma ghọta ịdị n'otu ha na Mmụọ Nsọ, ìhè nke ihe niile ekere eke, ịmara na ume nke Kraịst (Paulsen 1980; Sunburst webụsaịtị nd "Thezọ egwurugwu").

Sunburst si na ebe nrụọrụ weebụ depụtara ọtụtụ ihe ndị ọzọ "Aims and Ideals" (Sunburst website nd “About Sunburst”):

Seekchọ ịmata, site na ahụmịhe onwe onye, ​​Onye na-enweghị njedebe nke ịdị adị ebighi ebi, nghọta dị ọcha na ọ blụ ọhụụ ọhụụ. Nke a bụ Nghọta Onwe!

Iji mepụta gburugburu na mpụta gburugburu na-agba ume ma zụlite nghọta onwe onye n'otu n'otu, na mkpokọta, na ụwa niile.

Inye ịhụnanya na ume nye ndị ọzọ na Chukwu site na ọrụ achọghị ọdịmma onwe onye nanị.

Embramakụ ndị Koodu na-adịghị agafe agafe nke omume ọma na ụzọ ndụ dị mma.

Iji mata ma mụọ ịdị nsọ nke Nne Nature.

Iji onyinye nke echiche na uche mee ihe iji dozie ihe ngwọta, wee bụrụ ezigbo ndị nlekọta nke Ubi-ubi.

Sọpụrụ eziokwu ndị metụtara ọdịnala amamihe niile, na ịnabata ohere ịkekọrịta nkuzi nke nghọta onwe onye na ndị na-achọ ịmata ezi ọdịdị ha.

Ndị otu Sunburst kwenyere na UFO na ndị ala ọzọ biri na mbara ala a ogologo oge tupu ụmụ mmadụ erute nakwa na ha abịaghachila iduga ụmụ mmadụ n'ụzọ nke ezi omume. Paulsen maara ihe odide Theosophical banyere Lemuria na Mu, bụ ndị ndị edemede dịka WS Cervé na James Churchward, bụ ndị Paulsen gụrụ ma zoo aka na akụkọ ọdịnala ya (Paulsen 1980). Paulsen jikọtara ozizi ndị a na akụkọ banyere UFO na ndị mmụọ ime mmụọ, nke mebere site na ntinye aka na otu ọmụmụ ihe UFO nke Van Tassel na ịgụ akwụkwọ Ufological.

Iwuli na echiche nke Helena Blavatsky banyere "agbụrụ mgbọrọgwụ," Paulsen mepụtara usoro nhazi nke agba nke agbụrụ kwekọrọ na ndị intergalactic na agbụrụ agbụrụ n'ụwa (Cusack 2021; Paulsen 1980; Trompf 1990). Agbụrụ mmadụ anọ (Red, Yellow, Blue, na White) sitere na mpaghara eluigwe na mbara igwe wee bịa aswa dị ka ndị na-ewu ụlọ. Ndị Lemuri ndị a wuru Meso-American na Pacific Island mepere emepe n'ụdị mmadụ. Maka Paulsen, ndị mbụ a bụ ndị ọcha ma ha rutere na Latin America (Paulsen 1980).

Paul Bean na Sunburst nwekwara mmetụta dị ukwuu site na White Bear (Oswald Fredericks), onye edemede Hopi nke metere Paulsen enyi na onye ihe ndekọ ederede maka ọmarịcha ahịa Frank Waters. Akwụkwọ nke Hopi (1963). Akwụkwọ nke Hopi nwere mmetụta maka Paulsen na onye a ma ama n'ime Sunburst (Blumrich 1979; Fredericks na King 2009; Paulsen 1980; Steiger 1974). Paulsen lere ụmụ amaala Hopi anya dị ka ndị fọdụrụ n'ọsọ Red na ndị nlekọta udo nke mama Earth. White Bear nyekwara echiche Paulsen aka na South Pacific bụ akara ebe amamihe dị nsọ ma na ndị Lemuri kee mmalite ụwa mbụ.

Na 1970s, ndị otu Sunburst biri site na iwu iwu dị na mbido mana emesia jiri nwayọọ nwayọọ tụgharịa uche na ntuziaka obodo, na-enye ohere nnwere onwe n'ime nke ime mmụọ. Norkpụrụ ndụ ndị dị mma gụnyere ọgwụ ọjọọ, mmanya na-aba n'anya, ụtaba, ma ọ bụ tupu alụmdi na nwunye ma ọ bụ mmekọahụ ọlụlụ; yi uwe dị mfe; ibi n'èzí dị ọcha na n'ụzọ nkịtị; na iri nri na-edozi ahụ, na ahịhịa ndụ, ọkacha mma onye anaghị eri anụ. Dị ka ndị òtù Dusk na Willow Weaver si kwuo, "Maka onye òtù Sunburst ihe niile a na-eme n'ụzọ anụ ahụ bụ ihe sitere n'okike nke atụmatụ a," nke "ọdịdị na ọdịdị nke mmekọrịta na Onye Okike" (Weaver 1982: 10-11).

Taa, ndị Sunburst obodo na-ewere onwe ha "obodo zuru ụwa ọnụ nke ndị ọrụ ọkụ, yana ndị nwere ụma na-akwado nkwado obodo" (Sunburst webụsaịtị nd "About Sunburst"). Nke a pụtara imepụta ọnọdụ dị mma maka uto ime mmụọ na nghọta onwe onye. Dabere na webbuiti “Lineage Spiritual” nke Sunburst: “Onye ọ bụla n’ime anyị, nke emere n’oyiyi nke Chukwu, ga-akpọte mmụọ nke Kraịst, Onye dị ọcha n’ime mkpụrụ obi anyị. Nke a bụ Nghọta Onwe, onye sitere na ntoputa ya ghota Chineke. Mkpụrụ obi enwetara nghọta, Chineke ghọtara site n'ụzọ ime mmụọ niile na-anọgide na-adị n'ọgụ a, ma nwee ike ịpụta inyere gị aka na njem nke ndụ gị. ” Ndị otu Sunburst na-agba mbọ iduzi ndị mmadụ n'ụzọ a nke nghọta onwe onye.

RITUALS / PRACTICES

Omume Sunburst sitere na yoga, ntụgharị uche, na nri ndị sitere n'okike. Ebumnuche nke Kriya Yoga na ntụgharị uche bụ nghọta onwe onye. Otu oru ugbo na nri ugbo, ya na ulo ahia ihe oriri ya, na-enye nri a site na inye ndi otu ndu maara ihe ma na-akwadokwa oru ime mmụọ (Sunburst website nke “Earth Stewardship”). Nmepụta na ikesa ihe oriri na-enye aka n'ịkwalite Sunburst na ebumnuche mmụọ ya. Ebumnuche Paulsen bụ imepụta ọha "Ọgbọ Ọhụrụ" nke ibi ndụ kwekọrọ na nghọta nke mmụọ (Lillington 1979).

Kriya Yoga, nke Norman Paulsen mụtara na Yogananda, bụ omume a na-eme kwa ụbọchị nke ịnọdụ ala ntụgharị uche na iku ume nke na-eduzi ike n'akụkụ chakras spinal. Sunburst na-enye Kriya Yoga dị ka sayensị dị nsọ nke na-eduga na nghọta nke onwe (Paulsen 2000; Sunburst website nd "Kriya Yoga Initiation"). Taa, Sunburst na-akụzikwara Hong Sau usoro ntụgharị uche, nyocha ihe ngosi, na ụzọ ndị ọzọ iji nweta nghọta onwe onye.

Ọrụ ugbo bụ ihe omume ime mmụọ na Sunburst (Hoesly 2019). Tizụlite ma na-eri nri sitere n'okike, ibi ndụ maara nke ọma, na afọ ojuju na-apụta ma bụrụkwa uto nke ebumnuche ime mmụọ nke mmekọrịta Chineke. Ndị otu tetere n'isi ụtụtụ maka ntụgharị uche ụbọchị, rie nri ọnụ, wee rụọ ọrụ ugbo, gwongworo, ire ere, na ịme achịcha; mgbede na-eri nri abalị, obere ntụgharị uche, na oge mmekọrịta (Allen 1982; Arcudi na Meyer 1985; R. Miller 1978; Paulsen 1980; Roth 2011). Nri bu otutu ihe eji eme ka mmiri ara ehi ohuru, akwukwo nri, nkpuru osisi, nkpuru osisi, nkpuru na nkpuru. A na - enye azu ma obu anu otutu oge n’izu site na ngwụcha 1970s, n’agbanyeghi na mbu ihe erimeri bụ naanị nri erimeri, mgbe ahụ onye anaghị eri anụ lacto-ovo, họrọzie nke gị.

Na mgbakwunye na-eto ọtụtụ narị acres nke mkpụrụ osisi, akwụkwọ nri, ọka wit, mkpụrụ, na ihe ọkụkụ ndị ọzọ, ndị otu zụlitere ọtụtụ narị ewu, anụ ọhịa, ehi, na ọkụkọ na-enweghị nri sitere n'okike. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ha mere uwe ajị anụ na ọtụtụ mmiri ara ehi, gụnyere bọta, yogọt, chiiz, mmiri ara ehi, na ndị ire ụtọ. Ha rere mmanụ a honeyụ site na ịkpa a beeụ. Paulsen zụtara ịnyịnya ka ha rụọ ọrụ ugbo na-adọgharị plow na iji gosi asọmpi. Ugbo ahụ gụnyere igwe na akụrụngwa maka ịkpụ arịa, ịkpụ brik, ịgbado ọkụ, ịkwa ụrọ, ụrọ, na ihe ndị dị mkpa maka obodo na maka iji ma ọ bụ ire ahịa ha. Otu ụlọ ahịa dị n'elu ụlọ oriri na ọ soldụ soldụ rere ihe ndị otu Sunburst rụpụtara. Taa, Sunburst na-erekwa akwụkwọ Norman Paulsen na CD, akwụkwọ okpukpe, na ihe ime mmụọ ndị ọzọ na ntanetị na ụlọ ahịa onyinye ya.

Dịka “etiti maka mmụta zuru oke, ịgwọ ọrịa na ibi ndụ maara ihe,” Sunburst na-enye nzukọ ntụgharị uche ụbọchị ụka, ngwụcha izu ụka, mmalite Kriya Yoga, nkuzi ime mmụọ na permaculture, kirtan na okirikiri abụ, yana klaasị na sayensị yoga na ụzọ nke onwe- mmezu (Sunburst website nd “Sunburst Farm & Sanctuary”). Ọrụ Sọnde kwa izu na-agụnye ntụgharị uche na-eduzi nke ndị ndu na-agbanwe ma na-eme egwu mbụ nke ndị otu ahụ mepụtara, na-esote mkpakọrịta na nri nke nri ndị toro eto na ugbo.

Oge ezumike izu ụka na-agagharị gburugburu isiokwu dịka permaculture, njikọ na Mother Earth, nkịtị dị nsọ, na Kriya Yoga (Sunburst website nd "Sunburst Events"). Ndabere ndị a na-abụkarị ndị otu Sunburst na-eduzi, na-enweta ego maka otu ahụ, ma na-akwalite nkuzi ya. N'ime mmemme Karma Yoga, ndị sonyere na-enyere aka n'ịkọ ugbo, isi nri, ihicha ihe na ilekọta ya. Sunburst na-enyekwa nkuzi nkuzi yoga-hour 200.

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

Norman Paulsen guzobere hoodtù hoodmụnna nke Sun, nke e mesịrị mara Sunburst, na 1969. N'oge ndụ ya, ọ bụ onye ndú nke obodo ime mmụọ, ọ bụ ezie na otu ndị okenye iri na abụọ nyeere ya aka ime mkpebi (Trompf 1990). Paulsen hapụrụ iduzi azụmaahịa Sunburst n'etiti afọ ndị 1970 ka o wee lekwasị anya na mmepe ime mmụọ nke ya na ndị otu. Ndị otu dị iche iche nke Sunburst duziri ụlọ ọrụ ya. Paulsen duuru ndị obodo ruo mgbe ọ nwụrụ na 2006. Kemgbe ahụ, nwunye ya, Patty Paulsen, [Image 9 n'aka nri] bụ onye sonyere na 1975, edugawo Sunburst Sanctuary dị ka onye nduzi ime mmụọ ya.

Na mgbakwunye na Paulsens, Sunburst enweela obere kọmitii nke ndị otu a raara onwe ha nye iji duzie obodo na ụlọ ọrụ ndị na-enweta ego. Na 2021, ndị isi ndị ọzọ nke Sunburst gụnyere: David Adolphsen, onye na-eduzi mmepe obodo ya; Jake Collier, onye na-elekọta ụlọ ahịa New Frontiers na oche oche kansụl Sunburst; Valerie King, onye na-eje ozi dị ka onye njikwa ego maka Sunburst na azụmaahịa ya; Jonathan King, onye bụ onye nlekota ego Sunburst wee duru ụlọ ọrụ azụmahịa ya ogologo oge; Emily Wirtz, onye na-eduga n’etiti ụlọ mgbaba na otu ndị ọrụ ntorobịa; Heiko Wirtz, onye na-eduga ndị ọrụ ọrụ ihe onwunwe nke Sunburst; na Elena Andersen, onye na-ahazi ihe omume na mgbatị maka Sunburst (Sunburst webụsaịtị nd “Ndị ọrụ”). Adolphsen, Collier, na ndị eze sonyeere Sunburst na mmalite afọ ndị 1970 ma bụrụkwa ndị isi na otu na azụmaahịa ya.

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Sunburst echewo ọtụtụ ihe ịma aka ihu, nke metụtara ebubo nke iwu na omume ezighi ezi nke Norman Paulsen na ngwụsị afọ ndị 1970. Okwu ndị a, nke akọwapụtara na nke zuru ezu karị, gụnyere ị hisụ ọgwụ ọjọọ, ị allegedụbiga mmanya ókè na ịmegbu ụmụaka; njide; ịkpakọba ngwa agha ma yie ndị uwe ojii egwu; ahia onwe onye; na ido onwe onye aha. N'ihi esemokwu dị n'etiti obodo Sunburst yana ndị mmanye iwu, ọtụtụ ndị otu hapụrụ Sunburst site na 1981.

Ọ bụ ezie na ọtụtụ ndị otu Sunburst kesara nkwenkwe na ọhụụ nke Paulsen nke mmepeanya oge ochie na ndị nwere mmekọrịta mmekọrịta, ụfọdụ nkwenkwe Paulsen mekwara ka esemokwu. Na ngwụsị afọ ndị 1970, Paulsen kwuru na ya bụ Jizọs Kraịst laghachitere, na ya na ndị na-ewu ụlọ gbara ịnyịnya n'ime mbara igwe dịka otu n'ime ndị ọchịchị oge ochie nke Mu, yana na ọ ga-eweghachi Ogige Iden ahụ, nke a makwaara dị ka Mu (Paulsen 1980; Trompf 1990; Onye na-akpa ákwà 1982). Fọdụ ndị òtù, dị ka Michael Abelman, jụrụ nrube isi ya ma chụpụ ha (Corwin 1989; Kwa 1982).

Ndị otu a gbalịsiri ike ịlanarị n'oge mbido 1980 n'ihi mgba okpuru, esemokwu ego, na ịkwaga na gburugburu ebe obibi na-enweghị ele ọbịa maka ọrụ ugbo. N'ikpeazụ, ha hiwere otu ụlọ ahịa ihe oriri na-edozi ahụ nke ọma, a na-akpọ New Frontiers. Agbanyeghị, n'agbanyeghị ihe ịga nke ọma nke ụlọ ahịa ndị a na 2000s, ime mmụọ nke Sunburst ka dị obere. Naanị mmadụ ole na ole n'ime ndị otu iri na otu, ndị otu Sunburst ka dị n'okpuru ndị otu 350-400 nke ọ nwere n'oge kachasị n'etiti 1970s.

Taa, ihe ịma aka kasịnụ nke Sunburst bụ otu esi adị ndụ maka obere ndị otu nke ndị agadi. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ọtụtụ n'ime ndị isi bụ Baby Boomers n'ime afọ iri asaa ha. Ọ bụ ezie na ụfọdụ ndị na-eto eto na-esonye na nnọkọ mgbasa ozi kwa izu, ogbako, ma ọ bụ mgbagha, mmadụ ole na ole bụ ndị otu obodo (Hoesly 2019). N'ime afọ 2010, Sunburst rere ihe niile ma otu n'ime ụlọ ahịa New Frontiers ya. Banyere 2021, o nwere ugbo abụọ, ọ bụ ezie Sunburst gbalịsiri ike ilekọta Nojoqui Farm (Minsky 2020).

Foto

Image # 1: Norman Paulsen na SRF, c. N'afọ 1950.
Image # 2: Norman Paulsen na Sunburst Farm, 1972.
Image # 3: Ndị na-atụ apụ Apple na Sunburst's Cuyama Orchard, n'etiti 1970s.
Image # 4: Sunburst so na karama nke Sunburst's organic apple juice.
Foto # 5: Flọ ahịa Frontiers ọhụrụ, 2018.
Image # 6: Paulsen's autobiography, Sunburst: Nlaghachi nke Ndị Ochie (1980).
Foto # 7: Ekpere otu na Tajiguas Ranch, 1978.
Foto # 8: Patty Paulsen.
Image # 9: Ndị otu na Sunburst Sanctuary, c. 2018.

References

Allen, Steve. 1982. Nwa mhuru n'anya: Akụkọ banyere Okpukpe Jesus. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.

Arcudi, Melanie, na Pauline Meyer. 1985. “hoodtù ofmụnna nke Anyanwụ, 1969–1985: Otu ncheta.” Ọha obodo 5: 82-88.

Beresford, Hattie. 2007. "Wayzọ Ọ Dị: Ọtụtụ Akụkụ nke Ogilvy Ranch." Akwụkwọ Montecito, July 5.

Nwa, David. 1977. “Ihe kpatara ụmụaka ji esonye n’òtù nzuzo.” Womanbọchị Nwanyị, Febụwarị.

Blumrich, JF 1979. Kásskara und die sieben Welten: Weißer Bär erzählt den Erdmythos der Hopi-Indiaer. Wien: Econ Verlag.

Brantingham, Barney. 1977a. “'Brothertù Brothermụnna nke Anyanwụ' Na-ekwu Na Ndị Nne na Nna bara ọgaranya jidere Ya. Akwụkwọ akụkọ Santa Barbara-Press, Jenụwarị 26.

Brantingham, Barney. 1977b. “Mmetụta Ndị Ọkachamara Pụrụ Iche na Ndị Ntorobịa '' Mgbasa Ozi. '” Akwụkwọ akụkọ Santa Barbara-Press, Jenụwarị 28.

Igwe, Ben. 1975. "hoodmụnna nke Anyanwụ." Mkpụrụ: Journal of Organic Living 4: 4-6.

Chandler, Russell. 1981a. “Otu Otu Okpukpe Na-eduga n'Ugwu. . . na vlanahụ. ” Los Angeles Times, October 18.

Chandler, Russell. 1981b. "A ndekọ nke Obodo mgbaba." Los Angeles Times, October 18.

Chandler, Russell. 1974. "Anyanwu Na-enwu Bright na Brothertù hoodmụnna." Los Angeles Times, February 3.

Corwin, Miles. 1989. “Afọ 20 ka e mesịrị, Somefọdụ ndị na-eso Guru ka Nọgidere Na-enwe Okwukwe.” Los Angeles Times, July 10.

Cusack, Carole M. 2021. “Norman Paulsen na hoodtù ofmụnna nke Sun / Sunburst.” Pp. 354-68 na Akwụkwọ ntuziaka nke UFO Okpukpe, nke Benjamin E. Zeller dere. Boston: Ahịa.

Dobrow, Joe. 2014. Ndị Amụma Okike: Site na Food Health to Whole Foods — How the Pioneers of the Industry Gbanwee Wezọ Anyị Si Rie ma Gbanwee Azụmaahịa America. New York: Akwụkwọ Rodale.

Duquette, Susan. 1976. Akwụkwọ nri ezinụlọ nke Sunburst: Ezigbo Cooklọ Cookin 'Naturalzọ Eke. Santa Barbara: Akwụkwọ Woodbridge.

Edgington, Ryan H. 2008. "Na-anabata Ezi Earthwa: Ahụ Ike, Nature, na Ọrụ na Countercultural Back-to-the Land Settlements." Akụkọ banyere ugbo 82: 279-308.

Meri niile. 1982. "volgbasa n'ime na Sunburst Community." Akwụkwọ akụkọ Santa Barbara-Press, February 7.

Fredericks, Oswald White Bear, na Kaih Khristé King. 2009. Akụkọ banyere Hopi site na mmalite ha na Lemuria. Shreveport: Akwa Eze.

Greverus, Ina-Maria. 1990. Neues Zeithalter oder Verkehrte Welt: Anthropologie als Kritik. Akwụkwọ akụkọ Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.

Grünschloß, Andreas. 2006. "'Ancient Astronaut' Narrations: Nkwupụta Okwu Dị Mma Banyere Okpukpe Anyị n'Oge Gara Aga.” Marburg Journal of Religion 11: 1-25.

Grünschloß, Andreas. 2004. "Na-eche 'Nnukwu Osisi': UFO Okpukpe na 'Ufological' Gburugburu na Mmegharị Okpukpe Ọhụrụ." Pp. 419-44 n'ime Akwụkwọ Oxford nke Mmegharị Okpukpe Ọhụrụ, nke James R. Lewis deziri. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gruenschloss, Andreas. 2003. “Mgbe anyị banyere n’ ụgbọ mbara igwe nke Nna m: Ebube Cargoistic na Millenarian Cosmologies na New Religious UFO Movements. ” Pp. 17-42 n'ime Akwụkwọ Encyclopedic Source nke UFO Okpukpe, nke James degharịrị. R. Lewis. Amherst: Akwụkwọ Prometheus.

Grünschloß, Andreas. 1998. “Mgbe anyị banyere n’ ụgbọ mbara igwe nke Nna m: Obi Cartọ Cargoistic na Millenarian Cosmologies na New Religious UFO Movements. ” Marburg Journal of Religion 3, ọ dịghị. 2: 1-24.

Halllọ, Bob. 1980. "Sunburst n'ọrụ hazie Mgbasa Ozi Iji Guo Union." Nexus kwa ụbọchị, October 21.

Hansen-Gates, Jenụwarị 1976. "Na-eto n'èzí: Thetù ofmụnna nke Anyanwụ." Akwụkwọ akụkọ Santa Barbara 1: 64-71.

Hoesly, Dị nro. 2019. "Organic Farming dị ka Omume Ime Mmụọ na Mmụọ Nsọ Bara Uru na Sunburst Farms." Nova Religio 23: 60-88.

Hurst, John. 1975a. "Brothertù Brothermụnna nke Sun nke Arsenal maka Amagedọn." Santa Barbara News & Review, March 7.

Hurst, John. 1975b. "Nrọ Brothertù hoodmụnna Aghọọ Nrọ Dị Njọ," Santa Barbara News & Review, March 21.

Ibáñez, José Enrique Rodríguez. 1975. “Patologia de la Countercultura: El caso de la 'hoodtù ofmụnna nke Anyanwụ.'” Mmeri XXX: 40–41.

Eze, Wayne. 1980. "Na California, 'Ndị Ọha N'onwe Ha' Flaunt Firepower." New York Times, December 17.

Knapp, Francky. 2019. "Ikpeazụ Great California Hippie Commune ka na-aga Ike." Messy Nessy Chic, Eprel 23. Nweta site na https://www.messynessychic.com/2019/04/23/the-last-great-california-hippie-commune-is-still-going-strong/ na 28 April 2021.

Kriyananda, Swami. 2011. Paramhansa Yogananda: A Biography, na ntụgharị uche nke onwe na ncheta. Obodo Nevada: Crystal Clarity.

Leslie, Kaytlyn. 2014. "New n'ókè-ere SLO Store na atọ ndị ọzọ na Dum Foods." San Luis Obispo Tribune, April 1.

Leslie, Susan. 1979. "Sunburst raara nye Natural Foods." Los Angeles Times, October 27.

Lillington, Karlin J. 1979. “Ọhụhụ Otu Nwoke Rịpụtara Societytù Ọhụrụ.” Nexus kwa ụbọchị, April 27.

Nwoke, Wesley. 1982. "Sunburst kwere nkwa ego iji zute $ 1.2 Nde tgwọ." Akwụkwọ akụkọ Santa Barbara-Press, September 17.

Meade, Charles. 1981. "Anyanwụ Na-ada na a Natural Foods Alaeze Ukwu." Santa Barbara News & Review, June 25.

Miller, Chris. 1981. “Union Files Omume rụrụ arụ.” Nexus kwa ụbọchị, May 29.

Miller, Ralph C. 1978. "Sunburst Ugbo." Akwụkwọ akụkọ obere ọrụ ugbo 2: 43-46.

Miller, Timoti. 1999. Obodo 60s: Hippies na Beyond. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.

Minsky, Dave. 2020. "Ugbo ala nke Sunburst gbara ndi agbata obi, Canlọ ọrụ Cannabis na-enweta mmiri nke ọma." Oge Santa Maria, August 9.

Nisperos, Neil. 2007. "Onye Ọchịchị Ime Mmụọ na-asọpụrụ." Oge Santa Maria, February 4.

Nordheimer, Jon. 1975. "Ndụ nke Okpukpe nke Coastka Okpukpe Na-anwale Ọganihu." New York Times, April 6.

Paulsen, onye Norman. 2016. Ndụ--hụnanya-Chineke: Akụkọ banyere Onye Na-eme Mkpụrụ Obi. Buellton, CA: Anwụ anwụ.

Paulsen, onye Norman. 2002. Amamihe nke Kraịst: Mmepụta nke Onye Dị Ọcha n'ime. Buellton, CA: Ntọala Logos Solar.

Paulsen, onye Norman. 2000. Sayensị Dị Nsọ: Ntụgharị uche, Ngbanwe, Ihe Ọmụma. Buellton, CA: Ntọala Logos Solar.

Paulsen, onye Norman. 1994. Amamihe nke Kraịst: Onwe Gị Dị Ọcha n'ime Gị. Salt Lake City: Ndị na-ewu ya.

Paulsen, onye Norman. 1984. Amamihe Kraịst. Salt Lake City: Ndị na-ewu ya.

Paulsen, onye Norman. 1980. Sunburst: Nlaghachi nke Ndị Ochie. Goleta, CA: Ugwu Sunburst.

Roth, Matthew. 2011. "Na-abịa ọnụ: The Communal nhọrọ." Pp. 192-208 na Afọ Iri nke Gwụrụ Obodo ahụ: San Francisco 1968-1978, nke Chris Carlsson na Lisa Ruth Elliott dere. San Francisco: Akwụkwọ Akwụkwọ Ndụ Obodo Lights.

Schiff, J.-M. 1981. L'Age Cosmique nyere USA Paris: Albin Michel.

Ikekwe, Allie Kay. 2008. "E nwere ọtụtụ ndụ na 'Them Thar Hills.' Ndekọ Lompoc, October 12.

Onye nlekọta, Brad. 1974. Ike Ọgwụ: Nweghachi nke Indian Indian nke Ihe Nketa Ime Mmụọ Ya na Ọdịmma Ya Maka Nwoke Oge A. Ogige Ubi: Doubleday.

Anwụ na-acha. 2018. Na-atụgharị uche na Ezọ Asatọ nke Conszọ Ndụ. Buellton, CA: Anwụ anwụ.

Weebụsaịtị nke Sunburst. nd Nweta site na https://sunburst.org/ na 26 April 2021.

Weebụsaịtị nke Sunburst. nd “Banyere Sunburst.” Nweta site na https://sunburst.org/about/?v=f24485ae434a na 26 April 2021.

Weebụsaịtị nke Sunburst. Nd “Ọrụ Earthlọ.” Nweta site na https://sunburst.org/earth-stewardship/?v=f24485ae434a na 26 April 2021.

Weebụsaịtị nke Sunburst. Na “Kriya Yoga nnabata.” Nweta site na https://sunburst.org/kriya-initiation/?v=f24485ae434a na 26 April 2021.

Weebụsaịtị nke Sunburst. nd “Thezọ egwurugwu.” Nweta site na https://sunburst.org/rainbow-path/?v=f24485ae434a na 26 April 2021.

Weebụsaịtị nke Sunburst. nd “Ugbo nke Ime Mmụọ.” Nweta site na https://sunburst.org/spiritual-lineage/?v=f24485ae434a na 26 April 2021.

Weebụsaịtị nke Sunburst. nd “Ndị ọrụ.” Nweta site na https://sunburst.org/about/staff/?v=f24485ae434a na 26 April 2021.

Weebụsaịtị nke Sunburst. Nd “Sunburst Se Iketịbede.” Nweta site na https://sunburst.org/upcoming/?v=f24485ae434a na 26 April 2021.

Weebụsaịtị nke Sunburst. nd “Sunburst Farm & Sanctuary.” Nweta site na https://sunburst.org/sunburst-farm-sanctuary/?v=f24485ae434a na 26 April 2021.

Trompf, Garry W. 2012. "Akụkọ na njedebe nke Oge na Okpukpe Ọhụrụ." Pp. 63-79 n'ime The Cambridge Companion to New Movements Movements, nke Olav Hammer na Mikael Rothstein dere. New York: Mahadum Cambridge University.

Trompf, Garry W. 2003. "UFO Okpukpe na gotù Okpukpe." Pp. 221-38 na UFO Okpukpe, nke Christopher Partridge dere. New York: Ntughari.

Trompf, Garry W. 1990. “Ibu ahụ na Narị Afọ Iri ahụ n'Aka abụọ nke Pacific.” Pp. 35-94 n'ime Okpukpo ibu na mmegha Millenarian: Ntughari Transoceanic nke mmeghari okpukpe ohuru, nke Garry W. Trompf dere. New York: de Gruyter.

Trompf, Garry W. 1979. “Ọdịnihu nke echiche ndị gbasara Macro-Historical.” Ndida 62: 70-89.

Trompf, Garry W., na Lauren Bernauer. 2012. "ducingmịpụta obodo ndị mebiri emebi: Echiche Theosophical na Akwụkwọ, Visual Media na Culture Culture." Pp. 101-131 n'ime Akwụkwọ ntụziaka nke New Religions and Cultural Production, nke Carole M. Cusack na Alex Norman dere. Boston: Ahịa.

Van Tassel, George W. 1952. M Na-agba Otu ucgbọ Mmiri Na-efe efe. Los Angeles: Oge Ọhụrụ Na-ekwusara.

Walters, J. Donald. 1977. Pzọ: Autobiography nke Western Yogi. Obodo Nevada, CA: Ananda.

Mmiri, Frank. 1963. Akwụkwọ nke Hopi. New York: Viking.

Weaver, Dusk, na Willow na-akpa ákwà. 1982. Sunburst: Otu Ndị, athzọ, Nzube: Akụkọ nke Otu Ndị Ọchịchị Na-akpali Mmasị na America Taa. San Diego: Akwụkwọ Avant.

Yogananda, Paramahansa. 1959. Autobiography nke a Yogi (Nke Asatọ). Los Angeles: Mmekọrịta nke onwe.

Yogananda, Paramahansa. 1932. "Etu esi ewepu mgbọrọgwụ nke ịda mba site na ụzọ Chukwu." East-West 4, mba. 6: 5–8.

Zachary, G. Pascal. 1981a. "New Energy Isi Iyi Na na Sunburst-Physicist ogu." Santa Barbara News & Review, June 25.

Zachary, G. Pascal. 1981b. "Iwu yiri egwu, Sunburst Defectors Kwuru." Santa Barbara News & Review, June 25.

Zyda, Joan. 1976. "Otu ndi mmadu sitere na oru nke ihunanya." Chicago Tribune, July 26.

Oge mbipụta akwụkwọ:
19 June 2021

 

Share