Christopher Reichl

Ijun

IJUN usoro iheomume

1934 (Jenụwarị 3): Takayasu Rokurō mụrụ na Naha City, Island nke Okinawa, dịka nwa nwoke nke isii.

1943: Takayasu nwere ọhụụ nke bọmbụ n'ọdịnihu nke Naha City nke mere na Ọktọba 1944.

1944: Takayasu kpọpụrụ na Taiwan na Septemba na-atụ anya agha; ọ laghachiri na 1946.

1952: Nna Takayasu, onye bụbu onye otu ndị ome iwu omebe iwu Okinawan na onye isi ihe nkiri, nwụrụ.

1966: Takayasu sonyeere Seichō no Ie, ọ bụkwa isi nke isi Okinawan site na 1970–1972.

1970: Takayasu natara nkpughe nke odi adi nke Kinmanmon, chi bu isi nke Ryukyu (aha mbu nke Okinawa)

1972: Takayasu gara njem njem na India na Ndịda Ebe Ọwụwa Anyanwụ Eshia.

1972-1973: E guzobere Ijun na isi ụlọ ọrụ ya na Naha City. Akpọrọ ya mbụ Ryukyu Shinto Ijun, mgbe ahụ Ijun Mitto, na n'ikpeazụ Ijun. Ka oge na-aga, n’afọ 1983, ebugara isi ụlọ ọrụ ahụ na Ginowan City. Na Hawaii Ijun bu ụzọ kpọọ Okinawa Original.

1974: Akwụkwọ akụkọ kwa ọnwa Ijun malitere mbipụta.

1980: Ntọala iwu na ndebanye aha nke Ijun n'okpuru Iwu Corpolọ Ọrụ Okpukpe nke Japan.

1984: Ememe Ọkụ bụ nke mbụ Takayasu rụrụ na Hawaii, Big Island

1986: A kpụrụ akpụrụ akpụ nke Kannon, Chineke nke Ebere, nke dị mita iri atọ na isii n'ịdị elu, ma debe ya n'isi ụlọ ọrụ dị na Ginowan City. Enwere nkwupụta ihu ọha banyere owuwu ahụ, nke na-akpagha ili ọdịnala ndị dị adị.

1987: Onye otu di elu nke Takayasu gbara ihe dika 300 nde yen, na akpata nsogbu ego. Takayasu gbaziri ego iji gaa n'ihu Ijun. E rere ma kpụrụ ihe oyiyi nke Kannon.

1988: Egwuregwu ike dị ka akụkụ nke ememe ememe malitere.

1989: Nnukwu agwaetiti (ya bụ Hawaii Island) alaka nke Ijun malitere mgbe afọ iri nke omume na-adịghị mma. Takayasu malitere njem nleta.

1989: Ndi nwoke bu ndi isi dochie anya ndi isi nke ndi oku.

1991: Takayasu mere njem nkuzi na Yokohama, Japan, Honolulu na Hilo na Hawaii, na Los Angeles.

1991: Ngalaba Yokohama nke Ijun mepere.

1991: Akwukwo nke Kuon dịghị Kanata (Na-agafe Ebighị Ebi: Spiritwa Ime Mmụọ nke Ryukyu) malitere.

1992: Ọrụ Ijun na Hilo, Hawaii nwere elu, ya na mmadụ iri na otu akara akara akara na-eduga ememe.

1993: Takayasu Rokurō gbanwere aha ya na Takayasu Ryūsen (n'iji ọkọlọtọ ọgụgụ nke ihe odide ejiri dee Ijun 龍泉).

1995: Ejiri chi atọ n'ime Ijun pantheon. Na mgbakwunye na Kinmanmon (nke izizi akpọrọ Kimimanmomu na Kinmanmomu), Fuu, Karii na Niruya ka etinyere.

1995: Takayasu gbanwere aha ya Ọchị na Kushatii. Na Hawaii a gara n'ihu ịkpọ ya Bishọp Takayasu.

2010: Ijun furu efu ihe onwunwe na nhazi iwu.

2018: Takayasu mere ememe ncheta nke iri anọ na ise nke ntọala Ijun, nke a na-akpọ Karucha Ijun (Culture Ijun) na ụlọ ọrụ etinyere.

2018 (Septemba 30): Takayasu nwụrụ site na nkụda obi mgbe ọ dị afọ iri asatọ na anọ. Nwunye ya (Tsuneko), nwa ọkpara (Akira), nwa nwoke nke abụọ (Tsuneaki), na ada (Tsuneko).

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

Takayasu Rokurō [Foto dị n'aka nri] bụ nwa nwoke nke isii a mụrụ na 1934 na nne Kiyo na nna Takatoshi na Naha City, nke bụ isi obodo dị n'àgwàetiti Okinawa, nke kachasị ukwuu na agwaetiti Ryukyu nke gbakọtara na Japan na narị afọ nke iri na itoolu. . Mgbe ọ bụ nwata, a kpọgara ya yuta (Ryukyuan na-agwọ ọrịa ọdịnala) bụ onye hụrụ nnukwu mmụọ ime mmụọ na ya wee buo amụma na ọ ga-eduga ndụ dị iche na ikike karịrị nke mmadụ. Mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na anọ, ọ nụrụ ka otu dọkịta na-agwa nna ya na ọ nwere ike ọ gaghị agafe afọ iri na asatọ n'ihi ọnya ọgbụgba. N'ihi nke a, na n'ihi ihe egwu na Taiwan nke a kpọgara ya n'oge agha, ọ malitere ịtụ egwu ọnwụ, mgbe ahụ ọ na-arịa ọrịa neurosis. Ọ nweela ahụ mgbu anụ ahụ na Taiwan mgbe Okinawa nọ na bọmbụ ụgbọ mmiri na 1945. E mechara merie egwu ọnwụ na neurosis site na ịbanye na ịmụ ihe ọmụma nke Seichō no Ie, nke na-ekwu na nrịanrịa niile bụ nro (Reichl 2011; Taniguchi 1985). Ekwuru na ọ nwere ọhụụ Okinawa na-atụ bọmbụ otu afọ tupu ya emee. E mechara lere ya anya dị ka onye na-agwọ ọrịa mmụọ na kami dị ndụ (kaminchu). Mgbe ọ na-agwọ mmụọ n'ime Seichō no Ie, o jiri mmụọ Ryukyuan, nke na-eduga na nkatọ. Mgbe a manyere ya ịkwụsị Seichō no Ie na 1972, ọ kpọọrọ ọtụtụ ndị na-akwado ya ịmalite Ijun. N'ịbụ onye nwere ọkpụkpọ mmụọ (kamidaari) n'ụdị ụra na ọgbụgba, mkpughe ya nke Kinmanmon (onye ghọrọ chi mbụ nke Ijun; lee n'okpuru n'okpuru Doctrines / Beliefs) gwọrọ ya. O meziri usoro mmụta okpukpe Ijun wee bido ibipụta akwụkwọ akụkọ kwa ọnwa Ijun na 1974 (Shimamura 1993).

Kemgbe ọ bụ nwata, ọ rụrụ ọrụ na tebụl, nke ọrụ nna ya dị ka njikwa nke ihe nkiri, Taishō Gekijō. Nna ya bụkwa onye ọchịchị-ọkwa ọchịchị. Takayasu gara n'ihu na-eme ihe nkiri na-eme ihe nkiri n'oge ndụ ya niile, na-abụkarị ihe ngosi akụkọ ihe mere eme na alaeze Ryukyuan. Na ọkara nke abụọ nke 1960 ọ bụ onye na-eme olu olu maka ihe nkiri redio nke gosipụtara akụkọ Ryukyuan. Ihe ncheta ya mere ka a mata ya dị ka onye na-eme ihe nkiri, ma jiri aha mbụ enyere ya, Rokurō, ọ bụghị aha ọ na - ewere mgbe ọ na - edu Ijun, Ryūsen (lee Shimamura 1982).

N'ihe dị ka afọ 1976 Takayasu na-arịa ọrịa akụrụ. Na nkpughe nke mmụọ, otu olu gwara ya na o nwere ebe odi okwute nke nwere mmụba nke mmụọ nke gwọọ ya. N'ihi ya, ọ rụrụ njem njem ogologo ma chọọ ma na mbụ jụrụ nkume ọ bụla ọ hụrụ na ọ nweghị ike ime mmụọ. Mgbe ahụ na Chang Hua, Taiwan, n'ụlọ arụsị a na-akpọ Chintō-gū, ọ bịaruru nso nkume ahụ e mere ka ọ bụrụ Sekitō-kō, ọsụsọ gbara ya mgbe ọ na-ekpe ekpere ma nwee ọhụụ. N'otu oge, nkume akụrụ ya gbazee. Ndị na-agbaso Ijun mara Chinto-gu dị ka nwanne nwanyị nke nwanyị na Ijun ma leta ya na njem ala nsọ (Reichl 1993).

Ijun toro ngwa ngwa na mpaghara Okinawa, gụnyere agwaetiti Miyako. Agbanyeghị, ọ nwere ike ịnweghị karịa 1,000 ndị na-ekpe ya. N’oge kasị mma ya, e bidoro alaka na Taiwan, Honolulu na Hilo na Hawaii, nakwa na Yokohama, Japan. Alaka ndị a, a na-akpọ ashagi, zigara ego na isi ụlọ Ijun na Ginowan City na Okinawa (Reichl 2003: 42-54).

Na 1988, Ijun zụtara ihe oyiyi nke Kannon, Chineke nke Ebere, nke toro na Ginowan City na ịdị elu nke mita iri atọ na isii. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Enwere nkatọ ọha na eze n'ihi na ihe owuwu ahụ megharịrị ili ozu Ryukyuan dị na ntọala ya. Ihe dị ka n'oge a, c. 1987, ezigbo onye mmekọ nke Takayasu were nnukwu ego site na aghụghọ, kwuru na ọ dị nso 300 nde yen (ihe dị ka 2,000,000 dollar na nkezi ọnụego mgbanwe nke 1987), wee pụọ, na-etinye Ijun n'ime nsogbu ego na Takayasu n'ime nke ime mmụọ. Borrowgba ụgwọ dị ukwuu nke Takayasu mere ka Ijun laghachi n'ọrụ mgbe ọnwa abụọ gachara.

Ọrụ Ijun na Hawaii siri ike na 1980s na akụkụ nke 1990s, wee hiwe alaka ụlọ ọrụ na Hawaii Island na 1989. Site na ụlọ ụka etiti dị na Ginowan City, Kinjo (Kaneshiro na Japanese) Mineko ka e zipụrụ iji duzie emume na ọzụzụ nke mpaghara ndị isi (a na-akpọbu ya Nerome Mineko). Agbanyeghị, ọ nweghị ụlọ ụka raara onwe ya nye enwetara, yabụ na-adọba ụgbọala na-abụkarị nsogbu n'ụlọ Pepe'ekeo nke onye bi na Hawaii na isi ụlọ ọrụ Yoshiko Miyashiro ebe a na-eme emume. Ndị isi, nke a kpọrọ "ndị na-ejide akara ike" ma họpụta ya bụ Takayasu, gụnyere di na nwunye Hawaii aha ya bụ Sylvester na Mokihana Kainoa. Esemokwu dị n'etiti ndị otu abụọ dị mkpa mere ka ngalaba Hilo kewaa abụọ. Ka oge na-aga, Ijun jụrụ ịbụ onye otu na ọrụ (Reichl 2005).

Na Okinawa, e kwuru na esemokwu dị n'etiti ụmụ nwanyị na-edu ndú, nke mere ka ndị na-akwado ya kwụsị ịga ememe (Reichl 1993: 324). Nke a na esemokwu ego sitere na aghụghọ site n'aka ezigbo onye ọrụ Takayasu dugara nhazigharị na 1989 ebe ụmụ nwanyị nọchiri ndị ndu ụmụ nwanyị. Ka ọ na-erule afọ 1992, “ụmụ nwanyị rụrụ ọrụ dị iche iche nke ọma,” dị iche na agba nke uwe mwụda ha (odo odo karịa ọcha), ọnọdụ ha n’elu ebe ịchụ aja (nke kachasị nke dị n’akụkụ ebe ịchụàjà ahụ) na ọrụ ndị nọ n’okpuru ha (nke dị jụụ) (Reichl 1993: 312).

Ka ọ na-erule ngwụsị nke afọ iri nke 2000-2010, mbelata nke ndị otu na Okinawa na esenidụt dugara iyi egwu dị adị. Ọtụtụ n'ime ndị na-ekpe ya bụ ndị agadi, ọ naghị adịrị ndị na-eto eto mfe. Otu a na-eche na igbari c. 2010 mana ekwughi oge na onodu. Otú ọ dị, ọ ga-abụ na ụmụ nwanyị nọ na nzukọ a gara n'ihu na-ezighi ezi, na-ewere ọrụ ọdịnala nwanyị Ryukyuan dị ka ndị na-agwọ mmụọ (lee Watanabe na Igeta 1991). Na 2015, Takayasu hiwere ụlọ ọrụ Karucha Ijun (Culture Ijun) iji dochie anya otu okpukpe, mana emechabeghị nyocha ma dee banyere ọrụ ụlọ ọrụ a. Ntughari nke Ijun abughi ndi akwukwo guru akwukwo.

RITUALS / PRACTICES

Ijun bidoro ime emume site na ịkpọ oku n’ime ekpere, akpọrọ meimoku gasshọ. Ndi ndu ndi uka a na-ekwu okwu ndia ebe ndi sonyere na-ekpe ekpere. A na-eji ụta na akụ aka iji gosipụta akụkụ ụfọdụ dị mkpa nke ememe. A na-agbata ụta abụọ site na ịkụ ụkwụ abụọ (raihai, ni hakushu) wee jiri ụta ọkara ikpeazụ. A na-emechi ihe omume n'otu ụzọ ahụ.

Njirimara nke ọrụ Ijun bụ kaadị ike. Onye ọ bụla na-agbaso otu na ọrụ nkuzi nke Takayasu. Kaadị ike (mpempe akwụkwọ kaadiboodu pere mpe iji dabara n'ọbụ aka ma dee ya na mkpụrụ edemede maka Ijun), rere ndị otu kwa afọ ma kpọọkwa antenna ike, na-adọta ike ụwa. Nabata ike na-agwọ ma na-eme ka ahụ dịghachi ndụ. Mgbe a na-egwu ike, ndị otu na-ejide kaadị na-agbachi nkịtị na anya mechiri emechi ọtụtụ nkeji, na-eburu n'uche ihe ha kpere n'ekpere. Ihe enwetara abughi enyemaka nke chi kama ntinye nke ike nke uwa. Na nkà mmụta okpukpe Ryukyuan, mana ma ọ bụ ike zuru ụwa ọnụ bụ echiche bụ isi (Sasaki 1984; Saso 1990; Lebra 1966: 21). Nihi na okwu okwu ike n’eghari bu okwu asusu bekee (pawaa puree), agasughari nke ikpea ma obu “egwu” ma obu “ikpe ekpere,” ma buru kwa okwu putara ihe.

Ememe Ọkụ bụ akụkụ bụ isi nke ememe na isi ụka dị na Ginowan City, na Hawaii ebe Takayasu buru ụzọ mee ya na 1984. N'ime ememme a, ndị sonyere na-ede ihe ha chọrọ na mpempe akwụkwọ na akwụkwọ a na-agba ọkụ. Anwụrụ ọkụ na-eburu ọdịnaya nke ọchịchọ ndị a gaa na chi dị n'eluigwe. Maka ebumnuche a, nnukwu ụlọ ụka dị na Ginowan City nwere nnukwu ihe nzuzu na kpochapu ọkụ n’elu ebe ịchụàjà. Na Hawaii, a na-eme Ememme Ọkụ n'èzí.

Dịka Seichō no Ie kwuru si na Omoto, enwere ike ịsị na Ijun sitere na Seichō no Ie. Ọ bụrụ na anyị tụlee njirimara Seichō enweghị onye guzobere Taniguchi Masaharu dị ka onye nwere ike ime mgbanwe (McFarland 1967: 151) na Seichō enweghị Ie na-agbanwe agbanwe na "dị njikere iche ihe ọ bụla nhazi nke ga - enyere ya aka ịbawanye" (McFarland 1967: 158), mgbe ahụ o yikarịrị ka otu àgwà ahụ ọ dị na ndu na nhazi nke Ijun (leekwa Norbeck 1970). N'otu oge, Takayasu gbanwere aha ya, zụlite mmekọrịta ọha na eze na Okinawan rock star (Ijun 1995: 12-13), ma tinye chi atọ na Ijun pantheon, n'ọkwa ebe ọ bụ naanị chi kachasị kere ya, Kinmanmon. Otu n'ime chi atọ ahụ kwalitere ọganiihu akụ na ụba.

Mgbe ọ na-ede banyere okpukpe Ryukyuan, Lebra na-atụ aro na "enweghị mgbagwoju anya nke na-akọwapụta usoro nkwenkwe emeela ka ọ bụrụ ihe nlanarị" n'ihi na o meela ka '' ị nweta agwa ndị mba ọzọ (dịka ọ dị na emume ọkụ Taoist na nke ndị nna ochie Buddha) '' (1966) Nkem 204) Enwere ike ịgbagha na a manyere Ryukyuans ka ọ bụrụ onye na-agbanwe agbanwe ma dị njikere ime mgbanwe maka ọnọdụ mgbanwe n'ihi na ejidere ha n'etiti ike abụọ dị ukwuu, China na Japan, nwere ọdịnala okpukpe dị iche iche. Ejikọtara ihe gbasara okpukperechi ndị mba Asia dịka ịsọpụrụ ndị nna ochie (Havens 1994; Kōmoto 1991; Hori et al. 1972).

Agbanyeghị, ekwesiri icheta na "oke ohere anaghị abụkarị isi ihe ga - eme ka otu okpukperechi dịgide" (McFarland 1967: 158). Takayasu nyere nanị okpukpe ọhụrụ nke Okinawan hiwere maka ndị Okinawans (ya bụ, jupụta na akara nke agbụrụ Ryukyuan dị ka Amamikyu na Shinerikyu, chi ọdịnala ndị Ryukyuan), mana ọ gbakwụnyere atụmatụ ụwa niile iji mee Ijun okpukpe ụwa. , gụnyere karma (lee Kisala 1994; Hori 1968). N'ihi ya, o nwere ntọala agbụrụ siri ike na atụmatụ maka uto n'ọdịnihu karịa ya. Emeziri nke ikpeazụ a na atụmatụ nke ihe ịga nke ọma zuru ụwa ọnụ Seichō no Ie (Reichl 1998/1999: 120-38).

NDỤMỌDỤ / ỤLỌ

A na-akpọ alaka ụlọ Ijun, gụnyere alaka Ijun dị nso na Hilo, Hawaii, ashagi, ebe ebe Ijun di. A na-akpọ ụlọ ụka etiti na Ginowan City ashagi. Okwu a bụ ihe dị iche iche nke oge ashi, nke akọwapụtara dị ka obere ụlọ na-anọ n'ihu ogige nke nnukwu ụlọ, nwere ọtụtụ ọrụ dị ka ụlọ ọbịa na ụlọ nkwakọba ihe. Ihe oputara nwere ike ibute na okwu leg (ashi) ma bulie (ageru)), na pụtara bulie elu na ụkwụ. Nkọwa okwu nke Lebra (1966: 219) depụtara kami ashagi, “ụlọ elu akịrịka nke e ji okporo osisi ma ọ bụ ogidi nkume na-akwado ma na-enweghị mgbidi mee ihe, dị ka ebe bụ́ isi maka ememe ndị ọha na eze nke ndị ụkọchukwu nọ n'ógbè ahụ na-eduzi.”

Na 1989, akwụkwọ akụkọ kwa ọnwa Ijun edepụtara ashagi iri na anọ na Okinawa, na mgbakwunye na otu na Yokohama, ebe dị na Ginowan City, na Hirara City na agwaetiti Miyako. Site na 1992, ndepụta ahụ abanyela iri abụọ na isii, tinyere ashagi ọzọ na Taipei, Taiwan, abụọ na Honolulu (Keoni na Kalani'iki Street), na abụọ na ma ọ bụ dị nso na Hilo (Waianuenue Street na Pepe'ekeo), na Hawaii. Ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ ashagi guzobere n'ụlọ ndị otu, gụnyere ndị nọ na Hawaii.

Ọtụtụ okpukpe ndị Japan egosipụtala ike na izi ezi ha site na ịga nke ọma n'ịmepụta ngalaba esenidụt, Ijun abụghịkwa otu (lee Inoue 1991; Nakamaki na Miyao 1985; Yanagawa 1983). Ijun na-etinyekarị foto nke ndị na-abụghị ndị Japan na Hawaii na-esonye n'ekpere Ijun na akwụkwọ akụkọ kwa ọnwa Ijun. Takayasu bu n'uche ịgbasa na Brazil, mba ndị ọbịa na obodo kachasị na mba ofesi na mba Japan (Lee Maeyama 1978, 1983; Maeyama na Smith 1983; Nakamaki 1985). Atụmatụ ndị ahụ emezughị.

N'ime oge nile nke Ijun, onye ndu bụ naanị Takayasu, nke a na-akpọ Bishop Takayasu na Hawaii. Ruo oge ruo mgbe ọ nwụrụ, Miyagi Shigenori bụ onye nduzi a na-akwanyere ùgwù na onye na-agwọ mmụọ (kaminchu) onye ya na Takayasu rụkọrọ ọrụ, nke a na-akpọ Reverend Miyagi na Hawaii. Nwa nwoke nke okenye nke Takayasu, Akira ka edozi ya ka ọ bụrụ onye ndu ọgbọ na-esote, mana otu ahụ dara tupu nke ahụ emee.

Ndị ndu na ndị na-eso Ijun maara banyere ọdịnala Ryukyuan nke okpukperechi nwanyị. Ruo 1989, emume kachasị mkpa nke otu, Ememme Ọkụ, bụ ndị ụmụ nwanyị na-eduzi. N'afọ ahụ Ijun mere mkpebi iji dochie ndị ndú ndị a nke ememe na ụmụ nwoke, na site na 1992 ụmụ nwanyị na-arụ ọrụ dị iche iche na n'okpuru. Takayasu kọwara na o nwere ihe abụọ kpatara nke a. Nke mbụ bụ na Japan bụ ọha mmadụ na-achị isi, belụsọ na otu nzukọ na-egwuri egwu agaghị agara ya nke ọma. Ebumnuche nke abụọ mere ka echiche a sie ike, echiche bụ na, ebe ọ bụ na ọtụtụ n'ime ndị na-akwado ya bụ ụmụ nwanyị, otu a ga-adị ka klọb ụmụ nwanyị ma ọ bụrụ na ndị isi na-eme emume bụkwa nwanyị. Ọ na-agbakwụnye na ọchịchọ ịmụ nwa na ezinụlọ ga-eme ka ọ ghara ịda mbà mgbe ụfọdụ na nwanyị bụ isi nke emume. Ndị na-ekpe ikpe na Okinawa yiri ka ha kwenyere na nkọwa ọzọ: esemokwu ụmụ nwanyị n'oge ha na-edu ndú n'ọchịchị. N'ezie, esemokwu n'etiti ụmụ nwanyị abụọ toro eto na Hilo ashagi mere ka nkewa nke otu ahụ ụzọ abụọ na 1990s. Otu abụọ ahụ gara n'ihu na-ezukọ iche iche n'ụlọ ndị nwanyị abụọ a na Hilo ruo ọtụtụ afọ (Reichl 2005). Ka o sina dị, ụmụ nwanyị bụ akụkụ dị mkpa nke okpukpe ọhụrụ na mmegharị mmekọrịta na Japan, ha na-abụkarị akụkụ dị mkpa nke Ijun (Young 1994).

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Otu nsogbu ịma aka Ijun na-eche ihu bụ nke ịkwalite mmelite agbụrụ Ryukyuan n'agbanyeghị ọdịbendị mba Japan nke na-akụda mmụọ nke agbụrụ dị iche iche. Asụsụ Ryukyuan anwụchaala kpamkpam ma were ya na Japan dị ka olumba. Okinawa Prefecture nwere ọtụtụ okpukpe site na Japan, gụnyere ọtụtụ òtù Shinto, Buddha na ọtụtụ okpukpe ọhụrụ. Ọchịchị ọdịbendị, nke mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya na nke akụ na ụba nke Japan dị ike.

Ihe ịma aka yiri ya bụ ịkwalite okpukpe ụwa niile nke nwekwara agba agba dị mkpa. Akwụkwọ nke Takayasu na-ezo aka n'efu na nkuzi sitere na Akwụkwọ Nsọ Ndị Kraịst, site n'aka ndị ọkà ihe ọmụma Buddha na okpukpe ndị isi n'oge ochie, na site na Shinto (Reichl 1993b). A na-ekwu na akara Ijun, ọchịchịrị gbara ọchịchịrị ise gbara gburugburu gburugburu, na-anọchite anya ọdịnala okpukperechi nke ụwa na-agbakọta na Ijun. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Nke a na-echeta logo nke Seichō no Ie. Ma Ijun na Seichō anaghị akwado ndị na-eso ụzọ ka ha gaa ụka ndị ọzọ. N'otu oge ahụ, ọtụtụ echiche Ijun sitere na ọdịbendị Ryukyuan, gụnyere chi ndị okike nwanne, Amamikyu na Shinerikyu (Lee Doctrines / Beliefs), na chi bụ isi bụ Kinmanmon. Ọ bụ ezie na Ijun anaghịzi adị n'ụkpụrụ iwu, ụfọdụ ndị na-akwado ya na-anọgide na-eme ihe na nzuzo. O doghi anya ruo ókè ụlọ ọrụ ahụ dị Ido Ijun na-aga n'ihu n'ọrụ okpukpe.

N'ikpeazụ, Ijun na-alụ ọgụ maka nsogbu nwoke na nwanyị. Omenala okpukpe Ryukyuan bụ nke nwanyị, ma onye guzobere Ijun bụ Takayasu na onye ndu bụ nwoke. Uchebe nwa ya nwoke nke okenye bụ Akira ka ọ bụrụ onye isi nke Ijun megidere isi obodo Ryukyuan nke ụmụ nwanyị n'okpukpe, ma leghaara ụmụ nwanyị nwere ikike na nzukọ anya nwere ike tozuru oke.

Foto
Image # 1: Foto nke Takayasu Rokurō.
Foto # 2: Ihe oyiyi Ijun nke Chukwu nke Ebere n'elu obodo Ginowan.
Image # 3: Ijun logo na ihe owuwu nke ụlọ elu-elu na Ginowan City, ụlọ ụlọ ụka etiti.

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Ụbọchị Mgbasa Ozi:
25 June 2019

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