Geraldine Smith

Ndị Kraịst Jizọs

JIZỌS KRAISTST N ’ELLỌ

1944: Dave McKay mụrụ na Rochester, New York.

1981: Ezinụlọ McKay malitere ikesa traktị ha n'okporo ámá.

1985: Mmadụ isii n'ime ndị na-eto eto nke Jizọs bụ ndị otu Kraịst gara nke ọma 1000km n'ofe Ọzara Nullarbor.

1998: Ọtụtụ ndị òtù hapụrụ esemokwu banyere nduzi nke obodo

1998: Obodo nke gbara gburugburu Dave na Cherry McKay nakweere aha "Ndị Kraịst Jizọs."

1999: E boro ndị Kraịst Jizọs ebubo ụgha nke ịtọrọ Kyri Sheridan dị afọ iri na itoolu.

2000: E boro ndị na-eso ụzọ Jizọs ebubo ụgha na ha tọọrọ Bobby Kelly dị afọ iri na isii.

2002: Ndi mmadu mbu ndi Jisos ndi Kristian nyere akuko nye onye ozo.

2003:  The Guardian onye nta akụkọ, Jon Ronson, mepụtara otu akwụkwọ gbasara onyinye akụrụngwa nke Jesus Christian akpọrọ Akụrụ maka Jesus.

2005: E boro Jizọs Kraịst ebubo na ọ tọọrọ Betty Njoroge na nwa ya nwoke dị afọ asaa na Kenya.

2006: Ndi Kristain nke Jisos mere ihe nlere anya mgbe ndi otu onye so na Jisos Kraist wakporo ndi otu onye otu sonyeere.

2007: Ọtụtụ ndị otu Kraịst bụ ndị Kraịst pụtara Ihe ngosi Jeremy Kyle pụrụ iche na òtù nzuzo.

2010: Dave na Cherry McKay kwupụtara na ndị Kraịst Jizọs agbasasịla n'ihu ọha.

2015: Ndị bụbu ndị otu Jizọs bụ ndị otu Kraịst bidoro bipụta vidio vidio YouTube na ọwa ha Cómo Vivir Por Fe [Ibi site n'okwukwe].

2016: Ndi bu ndi otu Kraist nke Jisos biputara uzo YouTube Ọgwụgwụ Oge Ndụ, Ndụ ohuru, na Olu n’Ọzara.

2018: Ndị bụbu ndị otu Jizọs bụ ndị otu Kraịst bipụtara ọwa YouTube Ozizi nke Jisos na Christian Cartoons.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

Ihe ga - eme ka a mara dị ka ndị Jesus Christ (JCs) pụtara na 1980s dị ka obere obodo dabere na ezinụlọ Dave na Cherry McKay, na ụmụ ha anọ bụ Kevin, Sheri, Gary na Christine. Dave na Cherry zutere na ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị na obere obodo Clarksburg, California. A zụlitere Dave n’ezinụlọ Ndị Kraịst ndị Nazaret. Nne Cherry bụ akụkụ nke Christ Unity, mana onye isi ya bụ nne nne ya bụ onye Baptist (nkwukọrịta onwe onye na Dave McKay, Mee 14, 2019). Dave na Cherry lụrụ nwa na-eto eto wee si United States kwaga Australia na 1968. Mgbe ha kwagara Australia, Dave sonyeere ndị nkenke Ndito Abasi ruo oge ụfọdụ ọtụtụ ọnwa mana ahapụ n'ihi ọtụtụ nghọtahie dịka nkuzi nke ụka banyere ụkpụrụ omume mmekọahụ; Cherry esonyeghị (Ronson 2002a). Na 1981, ezinụlọ McKay bidoro imepụta ma kesaa traktị nke aka ha ma na-anwale ụzọ ha ga-esi nweta nghọta ha banyere nkuzi Jizọs n'ime ndụ ha ("JC History 1981-1996" 2016). Ihe kachasị mma nke ga-emesịa mee ka ndị JC mara bụ ikwusa nkuzi nke Jizọs, ịrụ ọrụ ebere, na ịjụ anyaukwu na ikpere arụsị nke ego. N'ime oge 1980s, nke a gosipụtara na mkpọsa "ọrụ n'efu", ọrụ ebere na India, yana Australia, na ngagharị iwe n'okporo ámá nke ezubere iji mee ka ndị mmadụ gbasaa ozi ha. Ọ bụ ezie na ọtụtụ ọrụ dabere na Australia, ìgwè ahụ gbasaakwara na United Kingdom, United States, Africa, India, na New Zealand ("JC History 1981-1996" 2016).

N'ime 1980s, ndi mbu, nke akpoghi ndi Jesus Christ, jiri mgbasa ozi mgbasa ozi, graffiti, mkpọsa "oru efu", na ngosipụta n'okporo ụzọ iji dọrọ uche gaa ozi ha. Ọnọdụ ndị a na - edugakarị na njide na usoro ikpe metụtara ha. Ha nwetakwara nlezianya mgbasa ozi dịka Dave McKay jiri nzụlite ya dịka onye nta akụkọ iji kwado mgbasa ozi ka ukwuu. Ebumnuche bụ isi nke otu egwuregwu n'okporo ámá na stunts metụtara mmebi nke ego akwụkwọ. Ha mere nke a iji mee ka a mata ikpere arụsị nke ego na ọha mmadụ nke oge a. Ha rapaara $ 1 na ụkwụ ụkwụ na Martin Place, Sydney, na-asụgharị okwu ndị a "Tụkwasị Chineke obi, Ọ bụghị Ego," akwụkwọ ego a na-ere ọkụ na ngosipụta ọhaneze, ma dee ihe nde dollar 2 na ozi ha na Bible akụkụ Akwụkwọ Nsọ. Ha rụkwara (iwu na-akwadoghị) ete ihu na ọwara Devonshire Street na Sydney (“A na-agwa ndị na-ese foto Mural ka ha buru ụzọ nweta ikike" 1984), ma guzo na ebe ahia yi uwe mwụda na agbụ ígwè mgbe ha ji akwụkwọ mpịakọta ndị e dere “ọkụ na sọlfọ” Bible amaokwu ("JC History 1981-1996," 2016). Omume a na-eme n'okporo ámá gbasaa n'ime ihe ndị ka ukwuu mgbe, na 1985, ọtụtụ n'ime ndị na-eto eto nke obodo na-aga nke ọma 1000km n'ofe Ọzara Nullarbor na-enweghị ihe oriri ma ọ bụ ego. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ọ bụ obere nwa ahụ dị afọ iri na ise Christine McKay duru obere ìgwè nke Ndị Kraịst na-eto eto. Ha mezuru njem ahụ n’ime ọnwa abụọ site na ịdabere n’ihe ha chọtara na nke ndị bịara abịa nyere ha. Nke a stunt mere ha aha "Nullarbor Walkers" site na mgbasa ozi (("Walkers Begged, Say Local" 1985; "JC History 1981-1996" 2016; "Ndị nkatọ bụ ndị ezighi ezi, kwuo Nullarbor 7" 1985a, "Walkers Call for Apologies) Mgbe 1,700km mee njem "1985b).

N'ime 1990s, ndị JC gbatịpụrụ iru mba ofesi na India ebe ha mere ọtụtụ ọrụ enyemaka dị ukwuu. Ndị otu a rụrụ ọrụ na India na 1980s, mana na 1990, ọtụtụ ndị otu kwagara Madras wee bido ihe a ga-akpọ "Ọhụụ 2000". Nke a bụ ọrụ enyemaka ha kacha ukwuu ugbu a ("JC History 1981-1996" 2016). N'ịga n'ihu n'ọkụ ha maka nkwenye ọha na eze, ha dọọrọ uche gaa n'ọnọdụ obibi obibi dara ogbenye nke mkpọmkpọ ebe site na ịtụgharị n'úkwù-n'ime ime mmiri na-emeghe otu izu. Ha guzobere tebụl iri nri, iko mmanya na ezigbo linen na nsị mmiri ("JC History 1981-1996" 2016; McGirk 1995). Na mgbakwunye, ha rụrụ ọrụ ebere dịka ịkụzi asụsụ bekee, ihicha ụlọ mposi ọha, ihicha n'okporo ámá, ihicha ọwa mmiri, na ịkpụ akwa akwa iji kpuchie oghere mmiri. Ha wuru ọtụtụ ụlọ n'elu mbadamba nkume iji kwado ọrụ ebere dị iche iche ha na-agba (McGirk 1995, 1994). Ha na-ekwu na

1994 bụ afọ nke nnukwu ewu ewu nye anyị na India, yana akụkọ mgbasa ozi ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ kwa izu n'ime afọ ahụ, na ndị ọbịa na-aga n'ihu, site na ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na ndị a ma ama na klas ụlọ akwụkwọ na klọb ọrụ. E mere ọtụtụ ihe nkiri onyonyo banyere ọrụ anyị n'India, gosikwa ụfọdụ n'Eshia nile. Anyị enweela ihe ịga nke ọma n’ịgbanwụnye ọwa mmiri mita 60 ka ọ ghọọ olulu mmiri, bụ́ nke nwere ogige volleyball zuru ezu, ụlọ ọgwụ, na obere huts maka ndị ọrụ anyị. Anyị na-agwọ ndị ọrịa ruru otu narị na iri ise kwa ụbọchị, yana kụzikwa klaasị Bekee na ịhazi asọmpi egwuregwu. Agbanyeghị, anyị slogkwara na dredging 150 mita ọzọ nke ọwa mmiri silifized, jiri naanị bọket na shọvel na aka aka anyị ("JC History 100-1981" 1996).

Mkpesa ha na ọrụ mmekọrịta ha na mpaghara ahụ dọtara mmasị mgbasa ozi mba ụwa, yana ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo, ndị nta akụkọ, na òtù ndị ọzọ. Otú ọ dị, e mechara mee ka ha pụọ ​​ka ha yie egwu ugboro ugboro site n'aka onye nwe obodo ahụ ("JC History 1981-1996" 2016; McGirk 1995).

Na njedebe nke 1990s, otu a nakweere uzo ohuru. Ndị otu ama ama hapụrụ otu ahụ, ndị fọdụrụ wee malite ịkpọ onwe ha "Jesus Christ" ("JC History 1981-1996" 2016). Ha nyefere ọrụ ha rụrụ na India n’aka ndị otu ọrụ ebere dị iche iche wee malite ilekwasị anya n’ozi ọma, site na ikesa traktị ha. Ebe nrụọrụ weebụ Jesus Christ na-akọwa ihe kpatara ngbanwe a site na ọrụ enyemaka mmadụ na ịgba àmà, na-ekwu na "anyị chọsiri ike belata ntinye aka anyị n'ụdị" ọrụ mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya "na ịbawanye ntinye anyị na ịdepụta okwu ebipụtara." ("JC Akuko 1981-1996 ”2016). Na 1998, ngbanwe a na elekwasị anya dugara nkewa na obodo nke mere ka ọtụtụ ndị otu pụọ ("The Split" 2016). Ruo ugbua ndị otu a gụrụ ọtụtụ aha ndị mgbasa ozi na-enyekarị ha, dịka ndị otu Rappville, ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo Medowie, ndị Christian Sidney, ndị Australia, ndị Nullarbor Walkers, na ndị otu Kraịst. Na 1998, ha kpọrọ aha ha ndị Jesus Christ ("Ngbanwe Aha" 2016).

N'ime 2000s, ihe karịrị mmadụ iri atọ JC nyere onyinye ndị akụrụ na-enweghị atụ. Onye mbụ edepụtara onyinye nke akụrụ bụ The Guardian odeakụkọ Jon Ronson. Na 2002, o dere edemede abuo maka onye nche (Ronson 2002a, 2002b), na 2003, o mepụtara ihe nkiri onyonyo, Akụrụ maka Jesus (Ronson 2003) ebe o sooro usoro onyinye nke otutu ndi otu JC. Na 2004, a na-enyocha otu a ọzọ maka onyinye akụrụ. Ndị JC kwetara na ha kwubigara okwu ókè banyere oge ha mara ndị nnata ka e nye ha ohere inye onyinye. N'oge ahụ, onyinye akụrụngwa na-enweghị njikọ abụghị iwu na Australia, ma ọ welitere ajụjụ gbasara izi ezi nke omume JCs (Giles 2004; Scott 2004; "NSW iji kwe ka onyinye akụrụ dị ndụ ”2004). Na NSW, nke a dugara na nyochaghachi nke iwu NSW maka onyinye akụrụ, nke mere ka onyinye akụrụngwa na-enweghị njikọ ("NSW To Allow Live Kidney Donations" 2004). Na Victoria, amachibidoro ndị JC inye onyinye akụrụ ("JC Kidney Ban in Australia" 2016). Onyinye akụrụngwa JC kwalitere arụmụka na ndị ọrụ ahụike maka ma ekwesịrị ikwe ka ndị otu JC nye onyinye (Frunză et al. 2010; Mueller et al. 2008). A jụrụ ha na yolọ Ọgwụ Mayo dị na United States inye onyinye, n'ihi ụjọ na Dave McKay na-amanye ndị otu ahụ (Mueller et al. 2008). Na 2008, ndị JC batara na ọkwa ọha mgbe Akụkọ Australia (“Ash’s Anatomy” 2007) wepụtara akụkọ banyere onye otu JC bụ Ashwyn Falkingham, onye chọrọ inye otu nwanyị na Canada onyinye akụrụ ya. Akụkọ a lekwasịrị anya n'ọnọdụ ndị nne na nna Falkingham iji gbochie ya inye onyinye akụrụ ya ma "napụta" ya na JCs. Na mbu, ha kpochapụrụ mgbalị ya site na ịkpọtụrụ ndị ọrụ ahụike Canada ("Ash's Anatomy" 2007), mana Falkingham mechara nye onyinye nke ọma na Cyprus ("Kidneys" 2016).

N’afọ 2010, ndị Jizọs Kraịst kwuputara na ha agbasasịla, ha apụọ n’anya ọha. Otu ihe kpatara ha ji mee nke a bụ iji gbanahụ mkpagbu ha na-enwe site n'aka ndị na-emegide òtù nzuzo. N'ime oge ahụ, ọtụtụ ndị otu ogologo oge Susan na Roland Gianstefani, Ross Parry, na Alan Wright wepụrụ obodo, ma ọ bụ site na nchụpụ ma ọ bụ mgbapụ. N'afọ ndị sochirinụ, ha na-ekwusi ike n'ikpughe ndị JC n'ihi emeghị ihe n'eziokwu banyere mgbasa ha. Ha na-ekwu na ndị JC gara n’ihu na-arụ ọrụ na nzuzo ma na-agbara ha ọsọ site n’obodo n’ihi na ha ekwenyeghị na mkpebi ahụ “ị ga-ala ala” (Gianstefani 2019; Parry 2013; Wright 2019). Na nkwukọrịta onwe onye (November 27, 2017), Dave McKay na-eme ka o doo anya na mgbasa ahụ bụ "ezigbo na adịgboroja n'otu oge" (Nkwukọrịta Nke Onwa, November 27, 2017). N'otu aka, otu ndị otu na-arụ ọrụ n'okpuru otu nkuzi na omume dịka ndị JC. Otú ọ dị, mkpebi nke igbasasị mere mgbanwe na obodo. Otu ọ bụla, gbasaa n'ofe Australia, Kenya, United States, United Kingdom na South America, ghọrọ ndị kwụụrụ onwe ha ma ndị otu belata na / ma ọ bụ kwụsị ịkpọtụrụ ndị ikwu, ndị enyi na kọntaktị. E kewara akụnụba ọtụtụ afọ gara aga ma ọtụtụ ndị otu kewara ụzọ na ntuziaka maka ijikwa ọrụ izisa ozi ha. Nke kachasị mkpa, akpọghịzi ha JC (McKay, 2017). Yabụ, na ọkwa JCs gbasara mgbasa abụghị ihe akwụwaghị aka ọtọ, mana ọ naghị ejide ngbanwe nke mgbanwe ahụ mere n'obodo n'oge ahụ.

Na 2015, otu a bidoro ịpụta dịka ọtụtụ ndị otu bidoro ịnwale vidiyo YouTube. N'ime afọ ole na ole mbụ, ndị JC gosipụtara onwe ha dị ka ndị a na-amaghị aha. Akpọghị aha ndị na-eme ihe a, ha na-apụtakarị na-ekpuchi mkpuchi ma ọ bụ jiri ihu na-agbagọ agbagọ. Na 2011, mbụ ọwa e kere mbụ JC òtù dabere na South America na ọ na-akpọ Cómo Vivir Por Fe [Living by Faith] ("Cómo Vivir Por Fe [Living by Faith]" 2011), agbanyeghị ha ewepụtaghị vidiyo ruo 2015. Ọgwụgwụ Oge Ndụ, Olu n’Ọzara, na Ndụ Ebighị Ebi pụtara na 2016 ("Olu dị n'ọzara," 2016, "Ndị lanarịrị Oge Ọgwụgwụ," 2016b, "Radically New Life" 2016). Na 2018, ha bipụtara Ozizi nke Jisos na Christian Cartoons ("Christian Cartoons" 2018; "Ozizi Jizọs" 2018). Akụkụ buru ibu nke ihe ngosi YouTube ndị a gosipụtara site na corpus nke ihe JC mepụtara ma ọtụtụ ndị bụbu ndị JC na-achịkwa ọwa ndị a. Ọwa dị iche na mesiri ike na ụdị, mana ha niile na-agbaso usoro izugbe. Ha gụnyere okwuchukwu nke, mgbe ụfọdụ gbagọrọ agbagọ, olu, ihe eserese, vidiyo egwu, na akwụkwọ akụkọ gbasara ihe otu ahụ. Na Ndị lanarịrị Oge Ikpeazụ ọwa pụtara ìhè dị ka ndị nwere nnukwu mmesi ike na njedebe oge Bible amụma na apocalyptic gburugburu. Olu n’Ọzara nwere okwuchukwu nke Dave McKay kwuru, mana ọtụtụ ndị ọzọ nọkwa. A na-akpọ ndị niile wetara ya “Olu.” Olu n’Ọzara na-egosikwa dị ka ọwa kachasị ewu ewu yana ihe karịrị ndị debanyere aha 90 000 na 2019 ("Olu Olu n'ọzara" 2017f). Ka ndị JC nọgidere na-emepụta vidiyo YouTube, ndị ọrụ ndị ọzọ bidoro ịchọpụta ha dị ka ndị bụbu JC ma ha bịara nwee ntụsara ahụ karịa ịmata ndị pụtara na vidiyo.

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

Ihe kacha mkpa JC bụ na ha na-agbaso nkuzi Jizọs. Na vidiyo nke isiokwu ya bụ "Nkuku," onye ngosi a na-akọwa na,

Ọtụtụ ndị Kraịst ga-aghọta nke a [Nkuku Nkume] bụ okwu e ji mee ihe na Bible izo aka n’ebe Jisos di, na kari ozizi ya. N’otu ntụpọ na ngwụcha nke Ozizi Elu Ugwu ahụ, a kọwara nkuzi ya dị ka ntọala dum nke anyị ga-ewukwasị ndụ anyị, yana ikekwe ụka anyị. Akụkụ akwụkwọ a bụkwa nke na-akọwapụta n'ụzọ doro anya nkuzi nke Jizọs dịka ntọala, ọ bụghị naanị aha ma ọ bụ nkwupụta mmụta okpukpe banyere Jizọs, ọ na-ejikọkwa nnupụisi na nkuzi ndị ahụ na mbibi ime mmụọ dị iche na nrube isi, nke ga-arụpụta mmụọ. lanarị… Jizọs, ọkachasị nkuzi Jizọs, bụ otu ụzọ dị oke mkpa. Ewezuga ya ihe ọ bụla dara ada ma ọ bụ bụrụ ọgbaghara (Voice in the Desert 2019).

Ha kwenyere na nkuzi nke Jizọs bụ "Okwu Chineke," ya mere nkuzi Ya bụ eziokwu kachasị (A Voice in the Desert 2017a) n'ime Bible. Ha anaghị eleghara akụkụ ndị ọzọ nke Akwụkwọ Nsọ anya, kama nke ahụ na-egosipụtaghị na nkuzi Jizọs ka a na-ewere dị ka nke dị ala. Ha na-ekwu na, “nkume ọ bụla ọzọ ga-adịkwa nkuku. Ọ bụrụ na e hotara ndịozi ma ọ bụ ndị amụma na-emegide Jizọs, anyị ga-esoro Jizọs karịa ha ”(“ Amaokwu Jesus -Key ”2016). Ọ bụ na mbụ nke ozizi Jizọs a ka ha na-azọrọ na ha pụrụ iche n’etiti ọtụtụ ndị Kraịst ndị ọzọ.

Ndị JC kwenyere na ọtụtụ ụka ndị Kraịst anaghị agbaso nkuzi Jizọs. Ha na-eji okwu a “Churchianity,” na ndị na-ekpe ya “churchies,” maka ndị na-ekwu na ha na-eso nkuzi Jizọs mana na-agbaso nkuzi nke ụlọ ọrụ. Ha kwuru na “ndị nọ n’ọgbakọ chọọchị bụ ndị mmadụ mbụ na-akwado nzụkọ ụlọ ọrụ karịa Jizọs. Ha na-agbachitere ntọala na ịkatọ onye ọ bụla na-akwado nkuzi Jizọs. Na nwute, nke a gụnyere imerime ndị na-aga Churchka ”(“ Churchies ”2016). Maka mmadụ ịgbaso eziokwu, nke bụ nkuzi nke Jizọs, ha ga-ahapụ ntọala okpukpe ("Churchies" 2016). N'ihi ya, ndị JCs na-emegide ụlọ ọrụ. Egosiputara nke a na nhazi nhazi ha nke ezubere iji zere iwu ulo uka na ndi isi ochichi. Ha na-ajụ ịkpọ onwe ha ma ọ bụ onye ọ bụla aha, nke a gụnyere, nne, nna, dọkịta, prọfesọ, sir, wdg ("Aha" 2016). Ọchịchọ ha izere ife ozizi ofufe n’elu Chineke na-edugakwa ha ka ha na-enyo ọdịnala na omume okpukpe enyo (“System Worship” 2017). Ndị JC anaghị efe ofufe n'otu ebe ma ọ bụ ụlọ, ha anaghị ejide ụbọchị ọ bụla dị nsọ, ha anaghịkwa arụ sacrament mgbe niile ("Alaeze eluigwe ma ọ bụ Okpukpe?" 2016). Ọzọkwa, arụmụka gbasara ụka nke ụka metụtara baptizim, ibi úgwù, Sabbathbọchị Izu Ike, mmekọ nwoke na nwoke, mmekọ ndị nchụaja, Sakrament, wdg. Ndị JC hụrụ ka ozizi ndị a dị ka ihe na-adịghị mkpa mgbe mmadụ sooro nkuzi nke Jizọs (Voice in the Desert 2018a).

Enwere ndị ọ bụla, agbanyeghị, ndị nwere ike ịga ụka ma ọ bụ ụlọ ọrụ okpukperechi ọzọ na ebumnuche ịgbaso eziokwu, mana ha abịabeghị ya. A kọwara àgwà a nke ịchọ eziokwu ka “ezi obi.” Onye nwere ezi obi bụ onye na-achọ eziokwu ahụ ka ozizi Jizọs gosiri ya. Ha na-ekwu na onye nwere obi eziokwu nke nwere “ezi okwukwe ga-anabata ìhè ahụ. Ọ ga-achọ ìhè. Ọ ga-achọ ịmata eziokwu '("Okwukwe na Eziokwu" 2016). A ga-ewere onye ọ bụla site n'okpukpe ọ bụla nwere ezi obi n'ọchịchọ ha na-achọ eziokwu ahụ. Ha ekwesighi ịbụ ndị Kristian, n'ihi na egosighi ha nkuzi nke Jizọs, kama ha na-ebi ndụ n'eziokwu nke nkuzi ahụ n'agbanyeghị. Agbanyeghị, "onye nwere ezi obi ga-adọrọ mmasị na nkuzi nke Jizọs" ("Okwukwe na Ezi Obi" 2016), ma ozugbo ekpughere onye nkuzi ahụ onye ahụ ga-ekwenye na ha. Ozizi ahụ kwuru na, "onye nwere ezigbo okwukwe ga-achọ ịgbanwe n'ụzọ kwekọrọ n'eziokwu ahụ, kama izopụ arụsị okpukpe, nkwenkwe na ọdịnala okpukpe" ("Faith and Sincerity" 2016).

Ndị nwere ezi obi bụ ndị nwere ike ịgwụ n’Alaeze nke Eluigwe. Ala-eze Elu-igwe nwere ike ịpụta ụwa nke ga-achịkwa ma emesịa ihe omume nke Akwụkwọ Mkpughe na-eme, na ụwa nke ụwa ọzọ, na-adị ugbu a karịa nke mmadụ. Na nkowa ha nke ala eze elu igwe, ha nekwu ya

“Alaeze eluigwe” a dị omimi “adịghị abịa na nlele” (Luk 17:20); ọ bụghị “nke ụwa a” (Jọn 18:36); ọ bụghị “ihe agha nke anụ ahụ” na-achị ya (10 Ndị Kọrịnt 4: 2,000); n'ezie, site n'ụkpụrụ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke mmadụ, ọ bụghị alaeze ma ọlị. Kama, ọ bụ mmekọrịta dị n’etiti agbụrụ mmadụ na Onye Okike anyị. Ọ na-agụnye omume na ikike ime mmụọ na-arụ ọrụ na ndụ nke ndị dị umeala n'obi, na-ahụ n'anya, ma nwee ezi okwukwe n'okwukwe ha n'ebe Chineke nọ. Ike ndị a niile sitere na Mmụọ nke Onye Kere anyị, nke, n'ụzọ ụfọdụ dị omimi, bụkwa Mmụọ nke Onye ahụ nwụrụ n'obe n'Izrel ihe dịka puku afọ abụọ gara aga. N’ikwu ya n’ụzọ ọzọ, alaeze Chineke bụ Mmụọ nke Jizọs. Ala eze eluigwe bu Nkpughe nke Jisos. Alaeze nke eluigwe bụ ihe Jizọs bịara igosipụta, n'otu oge ahụ na ọ bụ ihe na-abịanụ mgbe ọ ga-alọghachi (Ndị Nwụrụ Oge Oge 2018a).

Ya mere, ala-eze nke elu-igwe bụ ihe enwere ike ịnweta ya ugbu a site na ezi obi na ibi nduzi nkuzi nke Jisos. Ala-eze Elu-igwe na-atụ aka na mpaghara ụwa niile adighi ahụ anya nke ndị nwere ezi obi. Alaeze a “a na-adịghị ahụ anya” bụ njedebe nke ndị nwere obi eziokwu bụ́ ndị ọ pụrụ ịbụ na ha amaghị ibe ha ma bụrụ ndị e jikọtara ha na mmekọrịta ha na Chineke. N’ọgwụgwụ oge a, ndị nwere ezi obi ga-ejikọ ọnụ n’ime ebo iri na abụọ ahụ ma ha ga-abụ akụkụ nke alaeze na-abịa.

Maka ndị JC, nkuzi kachasị mkpa nke Jizọs bụ na mmadụ ga-ajụ ịhụnanya na ọrụ ego iji jeere Chineke ozi (Voice in the Desert 2017b). Ha kwenyere na ịhụ ego n'anya bụ "mgbọrọgwụ nke ihe ọjọọ niile" ma na-egosipụta anyaukwu na ofufe ego dịka isi iyi nke nsogbu ụwa. Ha kwuru na “ Bible na-agwa anyị na ịhụ ego n'anya, ma ọ bụ nke anụ ahụ ma ọ bụ nke elektrọnik, bụ maka ihe ọjọọ na ikpe na-ezighị ezi niile dị n'ụwa "(Ndị Nwụrụ Anwụ Oge 2018b). Ọzọkwa, ha kwenyere na nke a bụ ihe ekewapụrụ ha na Chọọchị ndị ọzọ na ọtụtụ ọha mmadụ. N'adịghị ka ụka, ha ajụla ịhụ ego n'anya kama wee họrọ ijere Chineke ozi. Na JCs ụwaview, a na-enye anyị niile nhọrọ ijere Chineke ma ọ bụ ego ozi; ị nweghị ike ijere ha abụọ ozi. Ndị họọrọ ego ga-abụ ndị iwe nke Chineke n'oge ọgwụgwụ oge. Ha na-ezokarị aka na Matiu 6:24 (A Voice in the Desert 2017c), nke na-ekwu, “ọ dịghị onye nwere ike ijere nna ukwu abụọ ozi: n’ihi na ma ọ bụ na ha ga-ahụ otu n’anya ma kpọọ nke ọzọ asị; ma ọ́ bụghị otu a, ha ga-ejide otu n’otu ma leda nke ọzọ anya. You pụghị ijere Chineke na ego ozi. ” Ọjụjụ ha na-ajụ ego na-eme ka ọtụtụ ihe omume otu ahụ dị, ọ bụ ihe na-akpali ọrụ izisa ozi ọma ha, yana ya na ụwa nke otu puku afọ. Ha kwenyere na ọ bụkwa site na ego ka "Akara nke anụ ọhịa ahụ" ga-apụta na ọ ga-abụ ngwa ọrụ Ekwensu ga-eji nweta ike n'oge ọgwụgwụ.

Akwụkwọ Mkpughe na mmekọrịta ya na Oziọma anọ ahụ bụ ihe dị mkpa na JCs 'Christology. Maka ndị JC, oge ọgwụgwụ na-abịaru nso. N'ime akwụkwọ akụkọ ha mepụtara akpọrọ Ihe Akara (Oge ngwụcha oge 2016a), ha na-akọwa na a na-ebugharịrị Mark nke anụ ọhịa ahụ na ọha mmadụ ji nwayọ nwayọ nabata ya. Akara nke anụ ọhịa na-ezo aka akara aka na aka ma ọ bụ n'egedege ihu nke na-egosi na mmadụ na-akwado Ekwensu ma na-egbochi mmadụ ịbụ akụkụ nke Alaeze Eluigwe. Ndị na-ewere akara ahụ na-ahọrọ ego (Ekwensu) karịa Chineke. Ha kwenyere na akara ahụ nwere ike ịbịa n'ụdị teknụzụ microchipping RFID nke a ga-etinye n'ime aka ma jiri ya maka azụmaahịa ego. Nkà na ụzụ a ga-abịa na ebili nke ọha na-enweghị ego. Ọ ga-anọchi ego akwụkwọ ma bụrụ naanị ụzọ iji mee azụmahịa azụmahịa. Site na mmepe nke teknụzụ microchipping na kaadị kredit na ụlọ akụ n'ịntanetị, nke na-eme ka ego ghara ịdị na-agwụ ike ma mechaa kwụsị, anyị na-eji nwayọ nwayọ iji were akara ahụ (A Voice in the Desert 2017c). Nke nta nke nta, a ga-amanye onye ọ bụla itinye akara ahụ n'ihi na a ga-ewepụ ha na ọha mmadụ na-enweghị ya. Naanị ezigbo ndị na-eso ụzọ Jizọs ga-ajụ akara ahụ wee chee ihe si na mkpagbu na ahụhụ ihu. Agbanyeghị, a ga-emesịa kwụghachi ha ụgwọ mgbe oke mkpagbu ahụ gwụsịrị ma wee guzobe alaeze nke elu-igwe n’elu ụwa (Ndị Nwụrụ Oge Oge 2016a).

RITUALS / PRACTICES

Etkpụrụ ndị JC na-ajụ ofufe nke ego na-akpali ha ịmalite ibi ndụ nke na-enweta obere ego dị ka o kwere mee. Maka ndị JC, mgbe akara ahụ gafere, ọ ga - abụ ụzọ ga - esi mee azụmahịa ego. N'ihi ya, ndị JC kwenyere na otu ụbọchị, ha ga-amụta ibi ndụ na-enweghị ego kpamkpam. Ebe ọ bụ na ọha na-enweghị ego abịabeghị, akara ahụ agbasaghịkwa, ha ka na-eji ego maka mkpa ha. Ka o sina dị, ọ dịghị onye obodo ọ bụla nwere ọrụ ma ọ bụ na-arụ ọrụ ego. Maka mkpa ego, ha na-akwado onyinye ha na-anakọta mgbe ha na-ekesa akwụkwọ ha n'okporo ụzọ. Na mgbakwunye, mgbe onye ọhụụ batara na commdịrị n'otu ego ha ga - agbakwunye na ụlọ akụ nke obodo. Ọtụtụ ndị otu bi na ndị njem kamper ma ọ bụ ebe obibi dị ọnụ ala, ha "bin-raid" ma ọ bụ "dumpster-dive" maka nri na ihe ndị ọzọ ma chepụta ihe okike ndị ọzọ maka iji ego. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ha maara nke ọma banyere ahịa, ego, na ndị ọzọ na-akwụghị ụgwọ, ha na-eme nrụzi na ndozi nke ụgbọ ala ha ma ọ bụ n'ụlọ ha, na-eme ma ọ bụ na-ewu ihe ha nwere ike, ma na-eme mụta ịmụ ihe na-enweghị ihe na-enweghị isi. Lifestyledị ndụ a na-emekwa ka elekwasị anya na obibi obodo. Dabere na ndị JCs, ibi ndụ na nkuzi nke Jizọs ga-emerịrịrịrị Ndị Kraịst ndị ọzọ site na ibikọ ọnụ 24/7. Ọ bụ site n'ime nke a na ha nwere ike ịlanarị na-enweghị ego (Voice in the Desert 2017d: 1, 2018b: 2).

Ndị JC na-akọwa ụdị ndụ ha "ibi site n'okwukwe." Ibi site n'okwukwe na-amalite mgbe ihe karịrị otu Onye Kraịst sonyere onye ọzọ iji mepụta obodo iji bie ndụ na nkuzi nke Jizọs (Voice in the Desert 2017e). Ndị JC kwenyere na mgbe mmadụ họọrọ ijere Chineke ozi karịa ego, mgbe ahụ Chineke ga-enye mkpa ha bụ isi dị ka nri na uwe. Ibi n'okwukwe bu isi okwu asaa: 1) "Kpee ekpere" bu imuta ka gi na Chineke puta ihe, ka mmadu we muta itukwasi uche nke Chineke obi. Ha kwuru na “ọ bụrụ na ị ga-esi n'ụgbọ rịgoro ma jee ije n'elu mmiri, ị gaghị ewetali okwukwe na-ezighi ezi. Ga-arịọrịrị Chineke ka o gosi gị uche Ya nke ọma, site na nkuzi nke Ọkpara Ya ”(“ Living By Faith: How to Do It ”2016). 2) “ime ka ihe nfe di nfe” putara imuta ka esi ebi nani ihe mmadu choro, ya bu nri na uwe. 3) "Ree" nwere njikọ chiri anya iji mee ka ọ dị mfe ma na-ezo aka n'ire ihe niile nke mmadụ na inye ndị ogbenye ego. Ọ bụkwa dabere n'okwu bụ na mmadụ kwesiri inwe nanị ihe ha chọrọ. 4) "Nye" gụnyere inye ndị ọzọ ihe n'atụghị anya nloghachi. Ha na-atụ aro ka "gbalịa na-enye ihe mgbe niile ly na nzuzo… kpam kpam… (ma onye nnata ahụ kwesịrị ya ma ọ bụ na ọ bụghị ya kwesịrị ya) na-enweghị eriri ọ bụla" ("Living By Faith: How to Do It" 2016). 5). “Ọrụ” pụtara mmadụ itinye ike ya n’ọrụ maka Chineke na ịkpali ịhụnanya. Ndị JC na-eme omume a oge ụfọdụ site na ịga na "mkpọsa ọrụ n'efu," [Foto dị n'aka nri] ebe ha na-enye oge na ike ha nye onye ọ bụla rịọrọ maka enyemaka ("Living By Faith: How to Do It" 2016). 6) "Rịọ" inwe ike ịrịọ maka nri na ebe obibi n'aka ndị nwere ọtụtụ, na-enweghị mmetụta ikpe ọmụma ma ọ bụ na-abaghị uru. 7) “Kekọrịta” gunyere ịrụkọ ọrụ, ibi, na ibikọ ọnụ dịka obodo. Usoro okwu a nke obodo dị mkpa iji dozie ihe ndị a kọwara n'elu, iji nye ohere maka ịkekọrịta nkà na ihe ọmụma, na idozi ibe ha n'oge njehie ("Living By Faith: How to Do It" 2016).

"Orshapụ ihe niile" bụ omume nwere njikọ chiri anya na ibi site n'okwukwe. "Fkpụrụ niile nke Nkwebe" na-ezo aka na ngbanwe mbu nke mmadụ na-eme mgbe ha sonyere obodo, yana omume na-aga n'ihu nke ịwepụ onwe gị na mgbakwunye ụwa. Hapụ ihe niile bụ oke nke gosipụtara ndị bụ akụkụ nke obodo. A naghị ewere otu onye n'ime obodo ruo mgbe ha mechara usoro ahụ. Mgbe ndị mmadụ sonyere, ha ga-ahapụ ọrụ ha ma ọ bụ agụmakwụkwọ ha, ree ihe niile ha nwere, nyefee ego ha na akụ ha, ma hapụ ezinaụlọ ha, ndị enyi na nkwa ndị ọzọ. Onye ohuru ohuru aghaghi aghapu ndu mbu ha na njirimara ha iji bie ndu nke ndi JC na njirimara dika Onye Kristian ("The Forsake All Principle" 2016). N’ihi ya, ịhapụ ihe nile na-ezo aka n’ihe karịrị ịhapụ ihe onwunwe mmadụ, kama “ụkpụrụ [Ahapụ Niile] na-akụzi na n’akụkụ nile nke ahụmịhe mmadụ, ọ na-akwụ ụgwọ ịhapụ njikọ anyị na ihe, ma ha bụ ihe onwunwe, olileanya, mmekọrịta , egwu ma ọ bụ ihe ọ bụla ”(“ Fkpụrụ Niile Fhapụ Ha ”2016). Inye ihe mgbakwunye ndị a na-eme ka mmadụ nwee ike iji uche Chineke na-eduzi ya ma na-etinye onwe ya na obodo na ụkpụrụ ya. Ọzọkwa, ịhapụ ihe niile bụ echiche nke ndị otu na-emegharị. Ha aghaghachighariri na omume a dika o bu uzo nke ibi ndu site n’okwukwe (Voice in the Desert 2017f; “The Forsake All Principle” 2016).

Omume bụ isi, ma ọ bụ usoro omume, na obodo JC bụ ịghọta uche Chineke. N'oge mgbe JC chọrọ nduzi na esemokwu mbụ ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri ha bụ nkuzi nke Jizọs. Agbanyeghị, n'ọnọdụ ebe nkuzi na-enweghị ike ịnye azịza a kapịrị ọnụ ndị JC ga-eji ọtụtụ ụzọ ndị ọzọ ghọta uche Chineke. Ndị JC na-akụzikwa na mmadụ kwesịrị ịdị na-eme “oge ige ntị” oge niile, ka ha wee nwee ike ịnabata ozi sitere na Chineke. Ha na-ekwu na,

Chineke nwere ike ịgwa anyị okwu site na nrọ, ọhụụ na amụma. Anyị kwesịrị iwepụta oge iji gee ntị n’ihe ọ ga-ekwu. Rịọ Chineke ka o nye gị nrọ mgbe ị na-ehi ụra; na kwa ubochi i na ekpe ekpere wepụta oge wepu uche gi n’obi nke oma ma kwe ka Chineke gwa gi okwu. You nwere ike ịhụ foto, nwee ụfọdụ mkpụrụokwu batara n'isi gị ma ọ bụ nwee obere nrọ ị na-emebeghi onwe gị (McKay, 2016).

Ndị JC kwenyere na mmadụ ọ bụla nwere ike ịnweta mkpughe sitere n'aka Chineke; otu o sila dị, a ga-atụle ọtụtụ ihe tandem na ibe ha iji zere ịkọwahie ya. Ọzọkwa, ihe ndị a aghaghị ikwekọ na nkuzi nke Jizọs. Itughari mkpughe site na nrọ ma ọ bụ ige ntị, enwere ike ikwenye site na "Ndụmọdụ Chukwu" (ndụmọdụ sitere n'aka ndị otu nwere ahụmịhe karịa), ma ọ bụ ndị otu ndị ọzọ natara mkpughe yiri ya. Nkwenye nwekwara ike ịbịa site n'ọnọdụ, ọdachi, ma ọ bụ ọrụ ebube. Na mgbakwunye, ọ bụrụ na mmadụ nwere agụụ ma ọ bụ nwee mmasị na ihe, Chineke nwekwara ike ịkụnye ya. N'ikpeazụ, akọnuche mmadụ, nke a kụziiri site na nkuzi nke Jizọs, nwekwara ike ịbụ ụzọ iji chọpụta ihe ziri ezi na ihe na-ezighị ezi ("Ezọ asatọ Chineke Na-agwa Ndị Mmadụ Okwu — GAA N'ỌZỌ; Gbalịa ha!" 2018; McKay 2016).

"Mgbasa okwukwe," "Nzọpụta Nlanarị," ma ọ bụ naanị, "Mgbasa," bụ oge mgbe ndị otu ga-ahọrọ ịhapụ ego niile, hapụ ụlọ ha, were naanị ihe ole na ole, ma biri n'okporo ámá ma ọ bụ n'ime ala ịkpa (Olu dị n'ọzara 2018c). Mgbasa ọ bụla dị iche, mana isi isi ike ndị sonyere ga-eche ihu na njegharị gụnyere ịghara iri nri, ebe obibi, na ntụsara ahụ ndị ọzọ. Mgbasa ozi ọma nke a na-etinye n'ọrụ nke nkuzi nke Jizọs ma kpọkuo ụkpụrụ nke ịhapụ ihe niile, ibi ndụ n'okwukwe, na ị listeninga ntị. Onye otu a nwere ike ịga naanị ya ma ọ bụ n’otu, a na-eme ya oge ọ bụla otu afọ ma ọ bụ afọ ole na ole ọ bụla. Ha aghaghi ịdabere na ihe ndi ozo nyere ha ma obu ihe ha puru ichota; ha na-akpọ nke a “ndokwa nke Chi.” Ntị bụ ihe dị mkpa a na-eme mgbe a na-eme mgbasa ozi n’ihi na ọ na-eduzi ha ebe a chọrọ ha na ebe ha nwere ike ịchọta ngwongwo. Ọrụ ọzọ dị mkpa n'oge mgbasa ozi ahụ bụ ịgba àmà na-enweghị ịdabere na nkesa traktị (Voice in the Desert 2018c). Nke a na-akpọ ikike ndị otu ahụ maka okike ịchọta ụzọ ọhụrụ iji gbasaa ozi ha. Ebum n’uche izi ozi ọma bụ itinye ihe nkuzi nke Jizọs n’ọrụ. Ọ na-akuzi ndi otu ka esi eme na erighi nri na ebe obibi nwa obere oge, ịdabere na nduzi nke Chineke, ma na agba ndi mmadu ume ikwusa Okwu Chineke (“Outreach: Key Verses” 2016). Nke kachasị mkpa, a na-ahụta ya maka omume maka mgbe mgbanwe gbanwere na ọha na-enweghị ego zuru ezu na ndị JC ga-amụta ibi ndụ na-enweghị ego kpamkpam (A Voice in the Desert 2018c).

Ndị JC nwere nlezianya ịgba àmà ma tinye ọtụtụ n'ime ume ha n'ịmepụta vidiyo YouTube ma ọ bụ ikesa traktị n'okporo ámá. Ha na-amata ikwusa ozioma dị ka nkuzi bụ isi nke Jizọs (Voice in the Desert, 2017d). Ndị JC na-emepụta akwụkwọ nke ha, ihe ọchị na DVD ha na-ekesa. Fọdụ n'ime ihe a gụnyere Ndị lanarịrịnụ, na-ege ntị na Ndị na-ebibi ihe, nke bu akuko uzo ato meputara nke na akowa njem nke otutu ndi mmadu ka ha na-agabiga nkuzi nke Jisos n'ihe banyere oge ikpe azu. Onye Dave McKay dere ya dika nkatọ banyere Tim LaHaye na Jerry B. Jenkins ' N'aka ekpe aha. Ha na-ekesa DVD, gụnyere Ihe Akara, nke na-akọwa akara na-abịanụ nke anụ ọhịa ahụ na microIDpping RFID, na ụdị egwuregwu nke Oziọma Luk, nke a na-akpọ Onye Nwepu Onwe ya. Ebumnuche nke ikesa traktị bụ iji kpalie ọtụtụ mmadụ dị ka o kwere mee ịgbaso ozizi Jizọs ("Otu esi eme ka ndị ọzọ kpalie" 2017). Ha kwenyere na kama ịnwa ime ka mmadụ kweta ịnabata ihe omume ahụ, ikesa bụ ịchọpụta ndị nabataralarị ozi ahụ. Ha na-ekwu na, "ọ bụ eziokwu na ị ga-ehichapụ ọtụtụ narị ewu kwa ụbọchị ka ị na-echere ndidi ka atụrụ na-abịa" ("How To Inspire others" 2017). Ikesa bu kwa uzo maka ndi JC ichikota onyinye ka ha nwee ike iga n'ihu ibipụta akwukwo ma kwụọ ụgwọ maka mmefu a na-apụghị izere ezere (Voice in the Desert 2017d).

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

Tupu 2010, a haziri ndị JC gburugburu ndị ndu nke Dave na Cherry McKay. N'afọ ndị sochirinụ ka a gbanwere site na nduzi Dave na Cherry na kọmitii nke ọrụ ndu. Ebumnuche nke mgbanwe a bụ ịnye ntọala nhazi maka ọdịnihu nke obodo ga-enwe ike ijikwa ọtụtụ ntọala dị na Australia, Africa, South America, North America, United Kingdom, Southeast Asia, na Europe. N'oge a na-ede ihe, Dave McKay kọrọ na ha nọ ugbu a na-ede akwụkwọ iwu. A hoputara onye ndu ohuru, ewe nye ya oru nke ichikota ochichi nke ebe ndi ozo n’uwa. Isi isii a nọchiri anya mmadụ isii na kọmitii a na-akpọ "Hub." Ndị òtù Hub bụ ihe nzuzo, na-abụghị Dave McKay onye nọ na kọmitii a ma na-arụ ọrụ ọpụrụiche. Na mgbakwunye na kọmitii ahụ, enwere ọrụ ndu ndị ọzọ. E nyere otu onye ọrụ ọrụ nke ide edemede maka ọwa YouTube ma weghara dị ka onye isi na-eweta ihe Olu n’Ọzara. Ọnọdụ ọzọ e guzobere bụ "Onye nnọchi anya na-agagharị." Ọrụ nke onye a bụ ịgafe n'etiti isi ọ bụla iji nyere aka dozie nsogbu dị iche iche. Ọtụtụ n'ime ndị JC enweghị akwụkwọ ikike ngafe n'ihi na ha chọrọ iji zere iji teknụzụ microchip, agbanyeghị onye a nwere ike nweta paspọtụ afọ iri na-enweghị microchip. Ọrụ a dị mkpa iji ruo ntọala mba dị iche iche. Na mgbakwunye, onye otu ọzọ nwere ọrụ nke ijikwa akụkụ ịntanetị nke ozi ha, gụnyere mmepụta nke vidiyo YouTube na ọwa, mgbasa ozi, na mgbasa ozi mmekọrịta (nkwukọrịta onwe onye na Dave McKay, May 14, 2019).

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

N'oge ngwụsị 1990 ruo 2000s, JCs malitere ịbụ ndị amamịghe site na usoro nke ịtọrọ mmadụ ụgha na-edu ndú site na mgbasa ozi, "ndị ọkachamara òtù nzuzo," na ezinụlọ nke ndị ọhụrụ sonyere. Na 1999, Kyri Sheridan dị afọ iri na itoolu gara njem. Nne Kyri, Bernadette Sheridan, kọọrọ ya na ndị uwe ojii na-efu ya wee chụọ obodo ahụ ọsọ. O kwenyere na ndị JC dọọrọ nwa ya nwoke, n'agbanyeghị na ha na ya kpọtụrụ. E gosipụtara na ebubo ahụ abaghị uru mgbe Kyri bịarutere n'ụlọ ọrụ ndị uwe ojii iji gwa ha na ọ naghị efu ("The Kyri Saga" 2016). Ihe atụ nke abụọ ebe ebubo ịtọrọ mere na 2000, mgbe Bobby Kelly dị afọ iri na isii gara na-eme njem na obodo mgbe ọ natara ikike n'aka nne nne ya. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Mgbasa mgbasa ozi malitere, na JC nyere iwu ịlaghachi Kelly n'ụlọ. Achọtara Kelly n'enweghị nsogbu na ebe izu ike na New Hampshire; agbanyeghị, anwụchiri Susan na Roland Gianstefani maka na ha ekpuchighị ọnọdụ Bobby. E boro ha ebubo ịkwụ ụgwọ ọnwa isii kwụsịtụrụ ("Cult Kidnap Boy" 2016). Na 2005, ndị Gianstefanis tinyere aka ọzọ na ebubo ịtọrọ mmadụ na Kenya mgbe Betty Njoroge na nwa ya nwoke dị afọ asaa sonyeere obodo. N'agbanyeghị ebubo ndị a kwụsịrị, e jidere Roland Gianstefani ma debe ya n'ụlọ mkpọrọ ruo mgbe ndị JC kwụrụ ụgwọ mgbapụta na inye ihe iri ngo iji hapụ ya ("Otu onye otu nzuzo nke Australia hapụrụ na Kenya" 2005; "Esemokwu" 2016). Na 2006, e boro ndị JC ebubo ịtọrọ Joseph Johnson dị afọ iri na asatọ, nke butere mwakpo ime ihe ike nke otu onye JC site n'aka ọtụtụ ndị ezinụlọ Johnson (Johnson 2010).

Mwakpo ime ihe ike nke ezinụlọ Johnson mere ka ihe a kọwara dị ka "Ọnwụ Ntuchi" site na Fox News (Francisco 2017), nke kọrọ na ihe omume ahụ. Mgbe Joseph Johnson sonyeere obodo ahụ, ya na mmadụ abụọ ndị ọzọ laghachiri n’ezinaụlọ ya iji weghachite ihe onwunwe ole na ole. N'oge nleta ahụ, nna Johnson na nwanne nwoke nwanne JC bụ Reinhard Zeuner wakporo ya ma merụọ nnukwu ụbụrụ na ọnya azụ. Ezinụlọ Johnsons wakpoo ndị JC n'ihi na ha kwenyere na òtù nzuzo dị egwu merụrụ Johnson obi. Ha mepụtara echiche a site n'ịgụ banyere JCs n'ịntanetị (Johnson 2010). A na-ese ihe mmegide ahụ na ekwentị nke onye na-agafe agafe, mana ebuboghị ndị mere mpụ ahụ. Dị ka mmeghachi omume nke enweghị ebubo e boro ndị ezinụlọ Johnson, ndị JC nwere ikpe na-atọ ọchị ma kpọọ Fox News ka ha kọọ maka ya (Francisco 2017). Ikpe a kwusiri ya na ọtụtụ ndị otu JC na-enye iwu ka a taa ha ahụhụ nke ụtarị zutere ezinụlọ Johnson. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ikpe ikpe ahụ mara nna nna na nwanne nwoke nwoke ikpe mara maka ịnwale igbu mmadụ, yana ndị ezinụlọ ya ndị ọzọ na-akpa nkata igbu Zeuner. Jared na John, nna Johnson na nwanne ya nwoke, ka enyere ha ụtarị iri abụọ na ise n'otu n'otu. Dave McKay na onye ọzọ JC, Jeremy, tara ahụhụ. Cherry weghaara ya ụtarị ise n'ọnọdụ nne Johnson, Johnson weghaara nwanne ya nwoke ụtarị ise (Johnson 2016). N'oge ikpe ahụ, ezinụlọ Johnson rutere n'ụlọ mgbakọ ahụ wee kpọọ ndị uwe ojii ka ha duputa ndị JC n'ụlọ mgbakọ wee banye n'ụgbọ ala ha (Johnson 2016).

A na-echekwa akụkọ ahụ na JC bụ òtù nzuzo dị ize ndụ site na ebe nrụọrụ weebụ nlekota oru nzuzo, ndị ọkachamara banyere nzuzo, na ndị na-eme ihe nkiri YouTube. N'ebe dị n'ịntanetị, ebe nrụọrụ weebụ nlekota nzuzo nke Clọ Ọrụ Na-ahụ Maka Ọzụzụ Ndị Isi (CEI) na-akwado nnọkọ abụọ nke ndị ọrụ raara onwe ha nye ịnakọta ozi na otu ("'Jesus Christ,' 'cult', Dave McKay, the 'Truth Believers' 2005) ; “Ndi Jesu Kristi, ndi kwere ekwe n’ezie, Dave McKay, Visual Archive ”2007).

Na njedebe nke 2010s, mgbe ndị otu JC tụgharịrị na YouTube, akụkọ akụkọ nzuzo ahụ weghachiri ọzọ mgbe ha dọtara uche nke ndị na-emegide òtù nzuzo ọhụrụ. E mepụtara ọtụtụ vidiyo iji "kpughee" ndị JCs, bụ nke sitere na isiokwu ndị metụtara ịtọrọ mmadụ, ịmanye mmadụ, na nkwenkwe ndị na-ezighi ezi. Ihe atụ a ma ama bụ ọwa nzuzo Servus Christi, Onye weputara otutu ihe ngosi na JCs na akuko ha (Servus Christi 2018a, 2018b). Ọ bụ ihe na-akpali mmasị ịmara otú ndị JC si meghachi omume na ihe ịma aka a. Mkpebi igbasa na 2010 mere akụkụ ụfọdụ n'ihi nsogbu ha na-anata site n'aka ndị na-emegide ha n'ịntanetị. Site na 2016 gaa n’ihu, otu a wepụtara ọzọ na usoro ọhụụ iji soro ndị ọha na eze nwee mmekọrịta site na mpaghara ịntanetị. Ha kwusiri ike na itinye aka na ntanetị, jigide ọkwa nzuzo, ma gosipụta onwe ha site na usoro nke ọwa ndị gosipụtara na ha adịghị n'otu. Nke a egbochighị ndị na-emegide ya ọhụụ ka ha pụta, agbanyeghị usoro aghụghọ nke JC nyere ha ohere iwelata mwakpo agwa nke ndị nkatọ na-ahụ maka ịntanetị ma zere ọnọdụ ndị dị ize ndụ.

Foto
Foto # 1: Ndị ọdụdụ nke obere obodo nke mechara ije 1000km gafere Ọzara Nullarbor na-enweghị ihe oriri ma ọ bụ ego.
Foto # 2: Ndị otu nọ na "ọnụọgụ abụọ" ma ọ bụ "dumpster-dive" maka nri na ihe ndị ọzọ.
Foto # 3: Ihe ịrịba ama ọrụ ngo n'efu.
Foto # 4: Dave McKay na-anata iri abụọ na ise nke ụtarị n'oge "Ọnwụ Ule."

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Ụbọchị Mgbasa Ozi:
25 May 2019.

 

 

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