Massimo Introvigne

Ukwu Master Hun Yuan

GRAND MASTER HUN YUAN TIMELINE 

1944 (February 2): Chang, Yi-jui mụrụ na Zhongliao Township, Nantou County, Taiwan.

1963: Chang gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Ngalaba Na-ahụ Maka Ala nke Kuang-Hwa Schoollọ Akwụkwọ Ọzụzụ Na-ahụ Maka Ọrụ na Taichung, Taiwan.

1982: Chang kwuru na mgbake ya site n'ọrịa siri ike site na enyemaka Chineke, hapụ ọrụ azụmaahịa ya, wee kwe nkwa itinye ndụ ya nye okpukpe.

1983: N'ịbụ onye natara mkpughe site n'aka Jade Emperor na Guiguzi, onye ga-emesịa nye ya aha ọhụrụ na aha Nna Ukwu Hun Yuan, Chang mepere ụlọ ezinaụlọ na Taichung wee malite ịchịkọta ndị na-eso ụzọ.

1984: E degharịrị ụlọ ezinaụlọ ahụ n'ụlọ nsọ Shennong.

1987: Nna-ukwu Hun Yuan debara aha ya n'akwụkwọ dị ka Weixin Shengjiao. Ebugara isi ụlọ ọrụ na Nantou County, Taiwan, bụ ebe ụlọ nsọ Hsien Fo, nke atụmatụ ya dabere na atụmatụ nke Grand Master Hun Yuan, ka e hiwere.

1992: Nna-ukwu Hun Yuan malitere ịkụzi n'ihu ọha m Ching na Feng Shui.

1994 (October 16, kalenda ọnwa): Nna-ukwu Hun Yuan nwere mmetụta nke mmụọ nsọ iji gosipụta ọdịdị dragọn nke Buddha iri ise na atọ site na eserese calligraphy. Ọ na-ese Ọdọ Mmiri Ziri Ezi nke Na-emezu emezu, na-eme ka e nwee ihe osise ndị yiri dragọn.

1995: Grand Master Hun Yuan bipụtara akwụkwọ ahụ Feng Shui World View, bụ nke mere ka a mara ya karịa ndị òtù ya na Taiwan.

1996: Grand Master Hun Yuan guzobere m University nke Ching.

1997: Grand Master Hun Yuan malitere ịkụziri m Ching na Feng Shui na Taiwan site na telivishọn.

2000: Grand Master Hun Yuan gosipụtara eserese isii Ọdọ Mmiri nke Auspiciousness na Ngosi nke Zen na Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hall dị na Taipei.

2000: Dabere na atụmatụ site n'aka Grand Master Hun Yuan, Weixin Shengjiao malitere iwu Obodo nke asatọ Trigrams na Henan, China.

2002: Dabere na atụmatụ site n'aka Nna-ukwu Hun Yuan, e wuru Templelọ Nsọ Emperor Yellow na Qiaoshan, Zhuolu, Hebei, China.

2003: Site n'ike sitere na Japanese Taiko arụmọrụ, Grand Master Hun Yuan na-ese Taiko-Mmezu.

2003: Dabere na atụmatụ site n'aka Nna-ukwu Hun Yuan, e wuru Chi Temple na Fanshan, Hebei, China.

2008: Dabere na atụmatụ site n'aka Grand Master Hun Yuan, a malitere iwu maka Obodo nke asatọ Trigrams na Nantou County, Taiwan.

2010: Dabere na atụmatụ site n'aka Nna-ukwu Hun Yuan, e wuru Templelọ Nsọ Emperor na Gushan, Hebei, China.

2010 (February 20, kalenda ọnwa): Nna-ukwu Hun Yuan gara leta ihe a kwenyere na ọdịnala ebe amụrụ Guiguzi na Hebei, China, ebe a na-esonye ọrụ ya nke calligraphy, dịka ngagharị ahụ, site na ọrụ ebube.

2011: Weixin Museum, na-akwado nnukwu ihe osise nke Grand Master Hun Yuan, ka e hiwere na Nantou County, Taiwan.

BIOGRAPHY 

Master Master Yuan [Foto dị n'akụkụ aka nri] bụ otu n'ime ndị na-ahụ maka mmemme okpukpe ndị pụtakwara dị ka ndị ọhụụ dị ịrịba ama na ha. N'echiche a, a pụrụ iji ya tụnyere Oberto Airaudi, bụ onye guzobere Damanhur na Ịtali (Zoccatelli 2016), na Adi Da Samraj (Franklin Jones), onye ndú na onye guzobere Adidam na United States (Bradley-Evans 2017). Dị ka Airaudi na Adi Da, a na-asọpụrụ Hun Yuan dị ka onye guzobere òtù okpukpe ọhụrụ, ma n'aka nke ọzọ, ọ bụ ndị ọkachamara na ndị nkatọ na-enwe mmasị ịme ihe ọhụụ ya (lee Carbotti 2017).

Hun Yuan abụghị onye gụrụ akwụkwọ dị ka onye okpukpe ma ọ bụ dịka onye na-ese ihe, kama dị ka onye nyocha ala. A mụrụ ya na February 2, 1944, dị ka Chang, Yi-jui na Zhongliao Township, Nantou County, Taiwan. Ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na 1963 na Ngalaba Na-ahụ Maka Nchịkọta Ala nke Kuang-Hwa Nnukwu Ụlọ Akwụkwọ Ụlọ Akwụkwọ Ọkachamara nke Ụlọ Ọrụ na Taichung, Taiwan, nọgidere n'ụlọ akwụkwọ ya ruo ọtụtụ afọ dịka onye nkuzi, wee gaa n'ihu ịmepụta ụlọ ọrụ nyocha mbụ na Taiwan. Chang abụghị onye okpukpe, ma gụọ akwụkwọ banyere M Ching, na Chinese "Classic Change," na usoro ọdịdị nke geomancy a maara dị ka Feng Shui. Otú ọ dị, maka afọ iri abụọ mgbe gụsịrị akwụkwọ, ọ bụ onye ọchụnta ego.

Ihe gbanwere na 1982, mgbe Chang dara oké ọrịa. O kwuru na ọ gbakere n'enyemaka Chineke, kwere nkwa itinye ndụ ya na okpukpe, ma malite ịnata ozi site na Jade Emperor na Guiguzi. N'ikpeazụ, ọ natara site na mkpughe ya aha na Nna Ukwu Hun Yuan ma gaa n'ihu na-eguzobe na 1984 otu okpukpe ọhụrụ Taiwanese, Weixin Shengjiao, nke toro ngwa ngwa na ụfọdụ ndị òtù 300,000 na Taiwan na ná mba ọzọ (Introvigne 2016).

Guiguzi bụ onye na-achọ ịbata ebe a, ebe ọ dịkwa mkpa maka ọrụ nka nke Master Master Yuan. E nwere akụkọ dị iche iche banyere Guiguzi, ihe niile na-amalite site n'eziokwu bụ na e dere akwụkwọ na ya, ma kpọọkwa ya Guiguzi, bụ usoro mara mma nke ndị ọchịchị China mara na diplomacy. Ihe odide omenala bụ na onye edemede nke oge Agha Warring (453-221 BCE) dere akwụkwọ ahụ, onye aha ya bụ Guiguzi, bụ onye na-ejikwa ụlọ akwụkwọ mbụ nke diplomacy n'akụkọ ihe mere eme mmadụ. A na-ewu ụlọ nsọ dị n'ebe a na-agụ akwụkwọ na narị afọ nke iri na itoolu na Henan, China, ndị pilgrim ka na-eleta ya. Ndị ọkà mmụta nke narị afọ nke iri abụọ na-akwado akụkọ ihe mere eme. Ha kwuru na ihe ndị dị na mbụ banyere Guiguzi onye ọkà mmụta ahụ "dabeere na nkwupụta mbụ, dị ka anyị maara, ihe dị ka otu puku afọ mgbe ọ kwusịrị na ọ dị ndụ" (Broschat 1985: 1) ma kwuo na onye a kpọrọ Guiguzi agaghị enwe dị. Akwụkwọ ahụ dị adị, ma ọ nwere ike ịbụ na ndị edemede dị iche iche na-edekọ ihe odide. Otú ọ dị, n'oge na-adịbeghị anya, ndị ọkà mmụta bịara iwere echiche dịgasị iche iche. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, ọkọ akụkọ ihe mere eme nke University of Oklahoma, Garret Olberding, na-ekwusi ike na "n'onwe ya enweghi ihe ọmụma [banyere Guiguzi] enweghi oke ala iji wepụ ya dị ka akụkọ ifo" (Olberding 2002: 4).

A họpụtara Guiguzi mgbe ọ nwụsịrị dị ka chi nke azụmahịa. Otú ọ dị, Weixin Shengjiao kwalitere ya ịbụ chi bụ isi nke ihe oyiyi ya. Ọ ghọtara na ọ bụ n'ime Bodhisattva bụ Wang Chan Lao Zu (na-akpọkwa Chu), ma kwuo na Guiguzi na Nna Ukwu Ukwu Hun Yuan jikọtara ya kpamkpam ma na-enye ya ihe ngosi n'oge nile. A na-ekwukwa na Guiguzi bụ onye dị mkpa n'akụkọ ihe mere eme mmepe nke usoro ihe omumu na usoro omuma nke akporo akwukwo kpochapu nke Chinese M Ching. [Image na nri]

Nke a na-ebukwa ajụjụ banyere ụdị mmepụta ihe nke nkà ihe nkiri nke Weixin Shengjiao, nke nwere ihe osise maka ụlọ nsọ na ụlọ ndị ọzọ na eserese. Ndi otu a nke "akpaka" nka yiri nke ndi ozo nke odida anyanwu, n'echiche na mmuo nke Guiguzi na-edu aka nke Nna Ukwu Hun Yuan? E nwere ihe dị n'echiche a na ndị okpukpe ọhụrụ Taiwanese dị ka Taoyuan, bụ ndị a ga-eji nkà mara dị ka nkà mmụọ. N'ajụjụ ọnụ na ndị na-anọchite anya na January 2017, Otú ọ dị, Ukwu Master Hun Yuan kwetara na ọ bụ ya bụ ikpe ya. Ọ na-azọrọ na ị maara nke ọma mgbe ị na-ese ma ọ bụ na eserese. Ma, n'aka nke ọzọ, ya na Guiguzi na-adịgide adịgide na ihe niile ọ na-emepụta, gụnyere nkà, nwere ike ịkọwa ya dị ka "sitere n'ike mmụọ nsọ" site n'aka Guiguzi. Ntughari, ebe a, abughi okwu a na-aghota okwu, mana usoro nke njikota nke Guiguzi na ndu Nna Ukwu Howard Yuan choputara otutu ihe o kpebiri itinye aka, ide ma obu ihe osise.

Master Master Hun Yuan abụghị onye na-ese ihe. Ọ "na-atụgharị" ụlọ na oghere site n'inwe ihe ngosi ederede akwụkwọ. Ihe ndị a na-adabere na nkà mmụta ya dị elu na nkà ihe omimi nke Chinese nke a maara dị ka Feng Shui. Tupu ị na-atụle uru ọ bụla dị mma, onye malitere Weixin Shengjiao na-eme ndokwa maka ụlọ na ubi iji kwanyere ụkpụrụ Feng Shui ùgwù. A na-elekwa ya anya  ndị isi na-abụghị akụkụ nke Weixin Shengjiao, mana isi ihe ya bụ isi ụlọ nsọ ndị ahụ, gụnyere isi ụlọ ọrụ dị na Nantou County na obodo abụọ nke asatọ Trigrams, otu na Taiwan na otu na Henan, China. Nna ukwu Master Hun Yuan ga-ekweta na nchebara echiche banyere Feng Shui na ihe omimi bụ akụkụ nke abụọ dị iche iche. Ọ na-akụzi na ihe dị na Feng Shui na-enye onyinyo nke nkwekọ, na dịka ihe dị otú a dịkwa mma.
N'èzí Weixin Shengjiao, Nna-ukwu Ukwu Hun Yuan maara nke ọma maka akwụkwọ ya, nkuzi ya na ihe ngosi TV banyere I Ching na Feng Shui, ma ọ na-asọwanye ewu dịka onye na-ese ihe. Ọ na-akpọ ihe ọ na-eme "calligraphy" ma ọ dịghị ọdịiche doro anya na ọdịnala omenala ndị China n'etiti echiche nke oku na-ese onyinyo na eserese (Hun Yuan 1995, 1998, 2007). Otú ọ dị, e nwere ọdịiche dị n'etiti ozi dị mfe, nke dị mkpirikpi ederede nke Master Master Yuan dere, akwụkwọ edemede calligraphy nke ogologo oge, na ihe ndị dị ukwuu, na-egosikarị dragọn. Ezigbo ozi na sutras nwere uru okpukpe, ndị na-ezite ozi na-ekwupụtakwa na ha na-enweta site na ọnụnọ ha n'ụlọ ha nakwa na ụlọ nsọ Weixin Shengjiao bụ uru bara uru na mgbakwunye na nke ime mmụọ. Ha bụkwa ihe mara mma nke calligraphy.

Ihe omuma ihe banyere oku Nna-ukwu Hun Yuan bu ihe bara ezigbo uru. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, a na-ekwu na na February 20, 2010 (kalenda ọnwa), ọ gara obodo nta dị n'ógbè Hebei nke China, ebe, dị ka akụkọ ọdịnala si kwuo, a mụrụ Guiguzi. O dere oku na-agwa ndị na-eso ụzọ ya na, ọ ga-abụ ebe a mụrụ Guiguzi, ọrụ ebube ga-agbaso. N'ezie, a na-azọrọ na "mgbe Nna Ukwu Master Hun Yuan Chanshi gesịrị ede akwụkwọ, igwe ojii na-efegharị na mberede na-ekpughe ohere ọ bụla dị ka asatọ Trigrams [nke M Ching]. O juru ndị obodo ahụ anya na ihe a dị ịtụnanya. Ha na-ahụkwa obere ebe ahịhịa ndụ dị n'akụkụ ụlọ ebe a mụrụ Wang Chan Lao Zu [ie Guiguzi]. A na - ekwu na ọbara ọbara nke nnabata Wang Chan Lao Zu "(Huang 2014: 76) na - acha ọbara ọbara na - acha ọbara ọbara.

Otú ọ dị, ọ bụ nnukwu ihe osise ndị na-eme ka ndị na-akatọ ihe, gụnyere ụfọdụ ndị dị n'èzí Weixin Shengjiao na ụfọdụ ndị dị n'Ebe Ọdịda Anyanwụ, n'ihi àgwà ha na ihe ha bu pụta ụwa. A na-emepụta ha na ọsọ ọsọ site n'aka Nna Ukwu Hun Yuan, na-ejikarị otu strok nke ahịhịa na osikapa akwụkwọ na dị ka obere oge sekọnd. Nye ndị Westerners, nke a nwere ike ịbụ ihe ngosi nke ihe osise nke oge a, onye gọọmenti Ịtali Gianni Carbotti ejiriwo Grand Master Hun Yuan tụnyere Jackson Pollock (1912-1956: Carbotti 2017). Otú ọ dị, ihe dị iche na Pollock bụ na ọrụ nke onye ndú nke Weixin Shengjiao na-agbanye mkpọrọgwụ na omenala Chinese, na nke ọ bụla eserese na-enweta nkọwa dị mkpa mgbe a na-agụta ya n'ihe gbasara ọdịnala a, otu n'ime ndị na-ege egwú Chinese maara.

Master Master Hun Yuan dere mmalite nke ọrụ a n'otu ụbọchị, October 16, 1994 (kalenda nke ọnwa), mgbe, mgbe ị na-atụgharị uche na aha iri ise na atọ Buddha kwuru na Sutra Kwuru site na Buddha na ngosi nke abụọ Bodhisattvas Eze nke Healing (Bhaisajya-raja) na Onye Kasị Elu (Bhaisajya-samudgata) (佛 佛 觀 觀 藥 上 二 菩薩 經), a mara ya banyere ezi ọdịdị nke dragons dị ka ihe dịka "dị nsọ na ike dị ike. "Ọ na-ese foto ahụ dum Ọdọ Mmiri Ziri Ezi nke Na-emezu emezu na akwa akwa. [Foto dị n'aka nri] N'ikpeazụ, ọ daghị mbà, nke ọ kọwapụtara dịka ihe ịrịba ama na-atụ anya (Hun Yuan 2007: 2). Ka ọ dị ugbu a, ọ malitekwara ịkepụta ụdị eserese, ọ gaghị eleghachi anya azụ.
Ndị Dragons nọgidere bụrụ ndị a ma ama na mmepụta nka nke Nna-ukwu Hun Yuan, mana ọ bụ na ọ bụ naanị ha ka ọ bụ. Ọnọdụ nwere ike iduzi ya na ndị ọzọ dị iche iche karịa dragons. Na 2003, ndị Japan na-egwu egwu na omenala Japan Taiko na Taichung. A gwara Master Master Hun Yuan ka ọ kwadoro ọrụ okuigoro "Taiko-The Complete." Ọ mepụtara nnukwu eserese na ụdị ya, ọ na-akọkwa na otu n'ime ndị Japan na-eme ihe, ndị nwere ikike nghọta, chere na ike pụrụ iche na "Ngọzi nke chi nile dị nsọ" nke na-esite na sere (Hun Yuan 2017: 25). [Image na nri]

Kedu ihe bụ ebumnuche nke eserese ndị a? Ha bụ ihe dị nsọ, bụ ndị na-eme ụlọ nsọ Weixin Shengjiao mma na ụlọ ndị ọzọ. Ndị ọkà mmụta a zuru oke na ọdịnala nke ndị Chinese na-akpọigraphy, n'echiche ndị omenala Chinese banyere dragons, na nkà mmụta okpukpe nke Weixin Shengjiao, nwere ike ịhụ na eserese ụzọ nke ịkọ ma gosipụta ozi ndị ahụ. Ọbụna na-enweghị nghọta zuru oke banyere ihe ha pụtara, Otú ọ dị, ndị na-efe ofufe m gbara ajụjụ ọnụ kọrọ mmetụta nke udo na nkwekọrịta zuru ụwa ọnụ ha hụrụ n'ihu ihe osise. Maka otu onye nke Weixin Shengjiao, ajụjụ nke ịtụle ihe dị mma nke nnukwu Nna-ukwu Hun Yuan eserese na-abụghị ozi ha agaghị abụ ihe ezi uche dị na ya. Enweghi ike ikpochapu mma na nkwekorita site na ozi ahu, site n'eziokwu na ha bu oru site n'aka onye nchoputa nke ndi ozo, onye na-aru oru n'okpuru nduzi nke Wang Chan Lao Zu (Guiguzi). Ọtụtụ ugboro ihe nriteghachi bu Mba Egwu nke Ọdọ Mmiri ahụ, ndị nkatọ na-enwe mmasị na ya ma werekwa ya dị ka ihe osise dị nsọ site n'aka ndị na-efe ofufe. [Image na nri]

Otú ọ dị, ọnọdụ ahụ dị iche maka ndị na-abụghị ndị Weixin Shengjiao. Edere ọtụtụ ihe osise site n'aka Nna Ukwu Hun Yuan na Ụlọ Ahịa Weixin, na Nantou County, Taiwan, nke e hiwere na 2011 (Huang 2011). A na-ejikwa Weixin Shengjiao arụ ọrụ ihe ngosi nka, mana ọ na-emeghe ọha na eze na ndị nleta na ndị nlegharị anya na-eleta ya. Nye ha, a ga-enwe ike ịchọta ihe dị mma nke eserese na nkà mmụta sayensị Weixin Shengjiao, ọ bụ ezie na nke a bụ ihe akwụkwọ nke òtù ahụ agaghị agba ume. Ha na-enwe ekele maka iche iche nke ụdị ụzọ Nna Ukwu Ukwu Hun Yuan, ndị Western na-echekarị ma ọ dị ka ọhụụ nke oge ochie dị ka enweghị nkwanye ùgwù, na-atụlekwa na ndị na-ese okwu Chinese na-abụwanye akụkụ nke ihe nkiri ụwa nke nkà nka nke oge a.

Ihe osise nke Grand Master Hun Yuan ga-enwe ahịa, ọ na-ejikarị aro na ọ na-ere ha site na ụlọ ọrụ nkà. Ọ bụ ezie na nke a ga-eme ka ọ mara nke ọma n'èzí Weixin Shengjiao, karịsịa na West, ruo ugbu a Master Master Hun Yuan eguzogidewo aro ndị a. Ọ na-akọ na, n'oge mmalite nke ụlọ m Ching University, ọ chọrọ ego iji wuo ya, ma weere na-ere ụdị isii ahụ. Ọdọ Mmiri nke Auspiciousness, mgbe ha dọtara mma ihe na ngosi nke Zen, nke a na-anọ na Ụlọ Nzukọ Nche Sun Yat-Sen na Taipei na 2000. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ọ bụ ezie na ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ dị njikere ire ihe osise ndị ahụ, bụ ndị e gosipụtara n'èzí, "ọ na-ezo na mberede ngwa ngwa. N'oge ahụ, Ukwu Master Hun Yuan Chanshi ghọtara ihe dị mkpa, 'Ọ dịghị ere!' ihe Buddha gwara ya "(Huang 2011: 16). Ihe merenụ na-ebute nsogbu ma ọ bụ ihe ndị a dị nsọ ka a ga-ewere "ọrụ nkà" n'echiche nke a na-aghọtakarị okwu a na narị afọ nke iri abụọ. Ma nke a bụ nsogbu nke ndị ọkachamara na-esite n'eziokwu, karịsịa mgbe a na-emepụtara ya ọtụtụ maka nzube nke ime ka ụlọ ndị ahụ na-efe ofufe na ebe obibi ebe ofufe dị mma.

Foto

Foto #1: Nnukwu Nlekọta Nna-ukwu nke Yuan Yuan na ahịhịa.
Image #2: Statue of Guiguzi, Obodo nke asatọ Trigrams, Henan, China.
Image #3: Hsien Fo Temple, Nantou County.
Image #4: Ukwu Master Hun Yuan, Ọdọ Mmiri Ziri Ezi nke Na-emezu emezu, 1994.
Image #5: Ukwu Master Hun Yuan, Taiko-Mmezu, 2003.
Image #6: Ukwu Master Hun Yuan, Mba Egwu nke Ọdọ Mmiri ahụ, 1994
Image #7: Ukwu Master Hun Yuan, eserese isii Ọdọ Mmiri nke Auspiciousness, bụ nke a na-egosipụta n'èzí na ngosi nke Zen, nke a na-eme na Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hall dị na Taipei na 2000.

MGBE

Bradley-Evans, Martha. 2017. "Adi Da Samraj." Okpukpe Okpukpe na Ime Mmụọ, July 13. Nweta site na https://wrldrels.org/2017/07/13/adi-da-samraj/ na September 20, 2017.

Broschat, Michael Robert. 1985. "Guiguzi: A Na-amụ Akwụkwọ na Nsụgharị. "Nkà mmụta PhD, University of Washington.

Carbotti, Gianni, 2017. "Ọhụụ a na-ahụ anya na arụmọrụ Artistic na Paintings nke Master Hun Yuan." Religionità Religioni e Settarismi Spiritualità, September 18. Nweta site na http://www.dimarzio.info/en/articles/religious-minorities/492-mystical-vision-and-artistic-action-in-the-paintings-of-master-hun-yuan.html na 20 September 20 2017.

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Ụbọchị Post:
25 October 2017

 

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