David G. Bromley

Ụlọ Oscar Wilde

OSCAR WILDE TIMPỌ MGBE
1797: Duane Street Methodist Episcopal Church bidoro.

1854 (October 16): Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde mụrụ.

1900 (November 30): Oscar Wilde nwụrụ site na meningitis na Paris, France.

1952: David McDermott mụrụ na Hollywood, California.

1958: Peter McGough mụrụ na Syracuse, New York.

1980: McDermott & McGough malitere oru aka ha.

2005: E guzobere Chọọchị nke Obodo Nta.

2017: Wilde so n’etiti ụmụ nwoke 50,000 e mere atụmatụ ịgbaghara maka mmejọ ya (omume rụrụ arụ jọgburu onwe ya na ụmụ nwoke), nke ewepụrụ dị ka mpụ na UK

2017 (Septemba-Disemba): McDermott & McGough kpughere Oslọ Oscar Wilde na Chọọchị nke Obodo Nta ahụ.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

A mụrụ David McDermott na Hollywood, California na 1952 na Peter McGough mụrụ na Syracuse, New York na 1958. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ọ bụ ezie na ha abụọ bụ ụmụ akwụkwọ na Mahadum Syracuse, ha ezuteghị ruo mgbe ọtụtụ afọ gachara na New York. Ha malitere imekọ ihe ọnụ dị ka ndị na-ese ihe na 1980. Di na nwunye ahụ gosipụtara ihu ọha na 1980s maka ụzọ ha pụrụ iche maka nka na ndụ, na-eweghachi oge Victorian na nka ha na ndụ ha. Dị ka Green (2013) si kọwaa ụzọ ndụ ha:

Ha bụ ndị na-egwu egwu nke Avenue C, na-agagharị na uwe mkpuchi na-adịghị mma, okpu kachasị elu na olu akwa nwere ike iwepụ. Ha mere eserese ụzọ oge ochie, yi uwe anwụrụ ọkụ ma jiri akpụkpọ anụ bekee na-ete primer ma na-eduga gesso na linen ejikọtara, kama ịkwụnye ya, na ndị na-agbatị ha hụrụ na mkpofu. Ha backdated ọrụ ha na mmalite 1900s, ma ọ bụ tupu…. Ọbụna ebe obibi ha dị n'oge gara aga, na-eji arịa ụlọ na akwụkwọ ahụaja nke narị afọ nke 19, kandụl na-enwu ma na-enweghị ọkụ ma ọ bụ pọmpụ.

Ha kpọrọ ọrụ nkà ha “map oge” na “ihe ngosi oge.” Ha mere atụmatụ ihiwe Oslọ Oscar Wilde afọ iri abụọ.

Oslọ Oscar Wilde na-asọpụrụ onye edemede Irish na onye na-ede egwuregwu Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde, onye na-ede akwụkwọ akụkọ, onye na-enwu enwu na onye edemede, onye nta akụkọ na onye na-ede egwuregwu (Belford 2000; Ellmann 1988; Friedman 2014; Kaufman 1999). [Foto dị n'aka nri] Otu n'ime ọrụ ndị a kacha mara amara bụ Foto nke Dorian Gray na Ihe Dị Mkpa Ịdị Na-achọsi Ike. A mụrụ Wilde n'ime ezinụlọ Dublin a ma ama, Ireland, nke abụọ n'ime ụmụ atọ. Ọ gara Trinity College na Dublin wee soro na Magdalen College, Oxford ebe ọ malitere amata na ịchọ mma na mmebi mmebi. Wilde zutere ma mesịa lụọ Constance Lloyd. Di na nwunye ahụ nwere ụmụ nwoke abụọ. Mgbe Wilde lụrụ di na nwunye malitere mmekọrịta ya na Michael Ross.

Ruo oge ụfọdụ, Wilde bụ onye na-asọ oyi site na aha ya na akụnụba ya. Ma ihe na-adighi ike ya bu ihe akaebe site n'eziokwu na odida oha nke ochichi ya mere n'otu ntabi anya mgbe o na-ebughari otutu ama. Nsogbu ya malitere mgbe o wetara ebubo John Douglas, Marquess nke Queensbury, onye bụ nna nke onye ọlụlụ ya, Lord Alfred Douglas, maka nkwutọ mpụ. Nna ahụ gakwuuru Onyenwe anyị Alfred Douglas banyere mmekọrịta ahụ ma yie ya egwu ikpughe Wilde maka imebi iwu. Wilde mere ihe iyi egwu ahụ site na iweta ebubo ikpe megide John Douglas maka nkwutọ mpụ. Ọ bụ ezie na Wilde mechara hapụ ebubo nkwutọ ndị omempụ, ejidere ya n'onwe ya wee bo ya ebubo na ọ kparịrị ụmụ nwoke. Ọ họọrọ iguzo ikpe kama ịhapụ England gawa France. N'ụlọ ikpe, a hụrụ ihe akaebe banyere ndụ nwoke nwere mmasị nwoke, Wilde enweghị nchegharị:

Onye ọka iwu Charles Gills jụrụ ya ka ọ kọwaa "ịhụnanya nke na-agaghị anwa ịkọ aha ya" n'oge ikpe ya aha ọjọọ maka ịkwa iko na omume rụrụ arụ jọgburu onwe ya, Oscar Wilde zara ya, "Ọ mara mma, ọ dị mma, ọ bụ ụdị ịhụnanya kachasị mma. Enweghị ihe ọ bụla na-ekwekọghị n'okike banyere ya. Ọ bụ ọgụgụ isi, ọ dịkwa ugboro ugboro n’etiti okenye na nwata, mgbe nwoke okenye nwere ọgụgụ isi, nwa okorobịa ahụ nwere ọ joyụ, olile anya na ọmalịcha ndụ niile dị n’ihu ya. Na o kwesiri ibu, uwa aghotaghi. Mowa na-akwa ya emo ma na-etinye ya na prọlị maka ya. N'ịjụ ịgbaga Paris, zoo ma ọ bụ wedata mmekọahụ ya, Wilde mere onwe ya onye nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe. Oscar Wilde nwụrụ maka mmehie anyị (Colluci 2017).

Mgbe usoro ikpe gbatịchara, Wilde mara ikpe; mkpebi ikpe ahụ nwere ikpe amamikpe sitere n'aka onye ọka ikpe na mmechuihu ọha na nkatọ. A mara ya ikpe kachasị nke iwu afọ abụọ nke ọrụ ahụhụ. Ndụ ụlọ mkpọrọ weere ọrịa na mmụọ ya. N'oge mkpọrọ ya, Wilde dere akụkọ ndị ahụ na "De Profundis" (1897) na "The Ballad of Reading Gaol" (1898).

Wilde hapụrụ Britain gawa France ozugbo na mgbe ọ nwụsịrị n'ụlọ mkpọrọ. N'ime afọ atọ fọdụrụnụ nke ndụ ya, Wilde biri ndụ dara ogbenye na Paris, na-enweghị obere nkwado na ndị na-akwado ya. Ọ butere ọrịa meningitis ma nwụọ na meningitis na November 30, 1900. Na nso nso a, Wilde bụ otu n'ime ihe dị ka ụmụ nwoke 50,000 gbaghaara maka omume mmekorita nwoke na nwanyị na mbụ (Bowcott 2017). Iwu iwu zuru oke nke gbaghaara Wilde (Iwu 2017 Policing na Mpụ) gbadoro mgbaghara nke enyere Alan Turning, onye ghọrọ onye ama ama maka imebi koodu nzuzo ndị agha German na Agha IIwa nke Abụọ mana emesịa gbuo onwe ya mgbe amachara ya ikpe maka "oke omume rụrụ arụ . ”

Ebumnuche / nkà ihe ọmụma

Maka ndị na-emepụta McDermott & McGough, Wilde na-egosipụta mkpochapụ nke okwu LBGT na mmekọahụ na ọgụ megide mkpagbu. Ememe ndụ Wilde na-agbachi mgba LGBT maka nnwere onwe n'oge Victorian, tupu Stonewall (Obere 2017). Dika Greenberger (2017) si kwuo okwu a, “A manyere ya igbochi mmekorita nwoke na nwoke ya na nwoke ma obu nwanyi ibe ya nihi otutu oge ndu ya, Wilde ka edere ya na akwukwo McDermott & McGough dika ndi nwuru anwu-nkpuru obi tara ahuhu n’ihi ihe o kwenyere na onye obu. ” Ya mere, ọ bụ ezie na e gosipụtara ya n'ụlọ nsọ, a rụrụ islọ Oscar Wilde “ka ọ bụrụ ebe okpukpe na-adịghị na ya, na-asọpụrụ onye a ma ama na-akọ akụkọ ihe mere eme nke butere ụzọ ogologo oge maka ikike nha anya maka ndị na-edina ụdị onwe, ndị na-edina ụdị onwe ha, ndị na-edina nwoke ma ọ bụ nwanyị ibe ha, na ndị transgender - a mgba nke gbakwunyere mgbalị siri ike nke mba anyị ịnakwere, ịnakwere, ịnakwere, ma nweta ike site n'ọtụtụ dị iche iche na-eme ka ọha mmadụ sie ike ma mee ka ndụ mmadụ niile baa ọgaranya "(Greenberger 2017). Ọ bụ ezie na enwere ike ịhazi ụlọ nsọ ahụ ka enweghị "nkwenkwe okpukpe," e nwere nnukwu ihe nnọchianya okpukpe. Dị ka Burton (2017) si kwuo:

Ma n'agbanyeghi na ulo uka Oscar Wilde abughi ebe a na-efe ofufe, o doro anya na o na-enye ohere maka ndị LGBTQ - ụfọdụ n'ime ha nwere ike ịbụ na ewepụrụ ya na ntọala okpukpe ọdịnala - isonye na omume na emume ndị ga-emecha bụrụ okpukpe qual. Lee , ha nwere ike ịtụgharị uche na ahụmịhe nke ndị dike na ndị nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe ha na ọdịnala ha, na-eso Wilde site na "ọdụ nke obe" nke ya dịka Onye Kraịst nwere ike ime na ụka ọdịnala, na-eme ememme obodo, ma na-akanye emume dị mkpa n'oge ndụ: site na nwa rue onwu.

NKWUKWU

A na-akwado ụlọ nsọ Oscar Wilde na New York's United Methodist Church of the Village, nke dị na Obodo Greenwich. E hiwere Chọọchị Obodo Nta ahụ na 2005 site na njikọ nke ụka atọ Metọdist United: Nations, Metropolitan-Duane, [Image na nri] na Washington Square. Chọọchị Metropolitan-Duane United Methodist Church, ebe ọgbakọ na-ezukọ, bụ ụka akụkọ ihe mere eme nke na-achọpụta mgbọrọgwụ ya na Chọọchị Episcopal nke Duane Street Methodist, nke hibere na 1797 (New York City Isi nke American Guild of Organists website nd ). Chọọchị nke Obodo Nta ahụ kọwara onwe ya dị ka "ụlọ ụka United Methodist na-aga n'ihu, na-eme mgbanwe, na-emegidekwa ịkpa ókè agbụrụ." Ebumnuche ya “gụnyere ime ememme iche iche nke mmadụ na ịnabata ihe ndị gbanwerenụ.” Churchka na-anabata “ndị nwere ụdị agba ọ bụla, obodo, inwe mmekọ ụdị n'ụdị, njirimara nwoke na nwanyị, nkwupụta okwu, ọnọdụ akụ na ụba, yana ikike ọgụgụ isi na nke anụ ahụ" (Church of the Village website nd). Chọọchị ahụ hiwere isi mmalite nke ndị nne na nna na ndị enyi nke ndị nwanyị na ndị mmekọ nwoke na nwanyị na 1973.

Installedlọ Oscar Wilde ka arụnyere na Chọọchị nke Obodo Nta ahụ dị ka ọrụ mmekọrịta nke metụtara ụka na Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Community Center nke New York City. Thelọ nsọ ahụ dị na ụlọ ụka Russell Chapel ma kpughee ya na Septemba 2017. Ezubere ụlọ nsọ ahụ iji weghachite gburugburu 1880 nke Victorian ebe Wilde biri ma rụọ ọrụ:

Akpachapụrụ anya na-ekpuchi akwa mkpuchi, ihe owuwu ụlọ na ihe ịchọ mma, ihe eji achọ ụlọ na ọkụ na-egosipụta ọrụ ọfụma na-adị ogologo oge nke duo kọwara dị ka "nnwale oge," nke a na-etinye ókèala oge, akụkọ nka, na njirimara ọdịbendị n'ụzọ dabara. iji meghee uche ndị na-ekiri ha na gburugburu ụwa, nchọpụta ịchọ mma, na ụzọ ime mmụọ (Oscar Wilde Temple nd).

N’etiti ngosipụta ahụ bụ ụkwụ ụkwụ anọ nke Oscar Wilde. Lankwanye ihe akpụrụ akpụ bụ eserese (“ọdụ”) imegharị Ntughari Wilde site na njide, ikpe, na mkpọrọ. Mgbanwe nke abụọ na-asọpụrụ ndị e gosipụtara dị ka "ndị nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe" nke homophobia na AIDS. Ndi ozo nke abuo bu ihe osise nke McDermott & McGough nke ufodu ndi a ma ama: Alan Turing, Harvey Milk, Marsha P. Johnson, Brandon Teena, Xulhaz Mannan, na Sakia Gunn.

Foto
Image # 1: Foto nke David McDermott na Peter McGough.
Image # 2: Foto nke Oscar Wilde.
Foto # 3: Foto nke Church Metropolitan-Duane United Methodist Church.
Foto # 4: Foto nke Oscar Wilde Chapel na Chọọchị Obodo.

References

Belford, Barbara. 2000. Oscar Wilde: Genfọdụ Genius. New York: Ụlọ na-adịghị mma.

Bowcott, Owen. 2017. “UK Onyinye Pụrụ Pgbaghara Mmehie Maka Ọtụtụ puku Ndị Nwoke Nwaanyị.” The Guardian, January 31. Nweta site na https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/31/uk-issues-posthumous-pardons-thousands-gay-men-alan-turing-law.

Burton, Tara. 2017. "Templelọ Oscar Wilde nke New York na-eme Ebe Nsọ site na akara ngosi LGBTQ." Vox, September 14. Nweta site na https://www.vox.com/identities/2017/9/14/16290048/new-york-oscar-wilde-temple-lgbtq-mcdermott-mcgough na 4 October 2017.

Colucci, Emily. 2017. “Onye Nsọ ọ bụla nwere oge gara aga na onye mmehie ọ bụla nwere ọdịnihu: ife ofufe na McDermott & McGough’s Oscar Wilde Temple.” Nrọ Na-adịghị ọcha, September 17. Nweta site na https://filthydreams.wordpress.com/2017/09/17/every-saint-has-a-past-and-every-sinner-has-a-future-worshiping-at-mcdermott-mcgoughs-the-oscar-wilde-temple/ na 3 October 2017.

Ellmann, Richard. 1988. Oscar Wilde. New York: Alfred A. Knopf

Friedman, David. 2014. Wilde na America. New York: WW Norton.

Agba akwụkwọ ndụ, Penelope. 2013. "Ibi na Sepia." New York Times, January 30. Nweta site na http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/31/garden/to-peter-mcgough-living-in-an-earlier-era-is-art.html na 3 October 2017.

Greenberger, Alex. 2017. "McDermott & McGough ka emepee Temple nke raara nye Oscar Wilde na New York's Church of the Village." Nweta site na http://www.artnews.com/2017/07/19/mcdermott-mcgough-to-open-temple-dedicated-to-oscar-wilde-in-new-yorks-church-of-the-village/ na 27 September 2017.

Kaufman, Moises. 1999. Nnukwu Nsogbu: Ọnwụnwa Atọ nke Oscar Wilde. New York: Ọrụ Dramatist Play.

New York City Isi nke American Guild of Organists website. nd Nweta site na
http://www.nycago.org/Organs/NYC/html/ChurchoftheVillage.html on 27 September 2017.

Obere, Zachary 2017. "Otu Queer Temple dị na New York na-asọpụrụ Oscar Wilde. ” Artsy, September 12. Nweta site na https://www.artsy.net/article/artsy-editorial-queer-temple-new-york-pays-tribute-oscar-wilde na 3 October 2017.

Otu Osisi. "Hollywood (Idina ụdị onwe) Olileanya." Nweta site na http://www.teamgal.com/exhibitions/367/hollywood_homosexual_hopeful on 26 September 2017.

Weebụsaịtị nke Oscar Wilde Temple. nd “Templelọ Nsọ.” Nweta site na https://www.oscarwildetemple.org/the-temple/ na 27 September 2017.

Ụbọchị Post:
5 October 2017

 

 

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