Karma Lekshe Tsomo

Sakyadhita Movement

AKWELKWỌ AKW MOVKWỌ SAKYADHITA

1987: E hiwere Sakyadhita International Association na ngwụcha nke Nzukọ Mba firstwa mbụ maka ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist, Bodhgaya, India.

1988: Nzukọ Sakyadhita North America nke mbụ, Santa Barbara, California.

1991: Nzukọ Sakyadhita International nke Abụọ gbasara Womenmụ nwanyị Buddha, Bangkok, Thailand.

1993: Nzukọ Sakyadhita nke Atọ nke onmụ nwanyị Buddhist, Sri Lanka.

1995: Nzukọ nke anọ nke Sakyadhita International na Women Buddhist, Leh, Ladakh.

1996: Sakyadhita North American Conference, nke abụọ, Claremont, California.

1997: Nke ise nke Sakyadhita International Conference na Women Buddhist, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

2000: Nzukọ nke isii nke Sakyadhita International Conference on Women Buddhist, Lumbini, Nepal.

2002: Seventh Sakyadhita International Conference on Buddhist Women, Taipei, Taiwan.

2004: Nzukọ nke asatọ nke Sakyadhita International on the Buddhist Women, Seoul, South Korea.

2005: Nzukọ Sakyadhita North America nke Atọ, Northampton, Massachusetts.

2006: nke iteghete Sakyadhita International Conference on Buddhist Women, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

2008: Nzukọ nke iri nke Sakyadhita International Conference na Women Buddhist, Ulaanbataar, Mongolia.

2009: iri na otu Sakyadhita International Conference on Buddhist Women, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

2011: iri na abụọ Sakyadhita International Conference on Buddhist Women, Bangkok, Thailand.

2013: nke iri na atọ nke Sakyadhita International Conference on Buddhist Women, Vaishali, India.

2015: iri na anọ Sakyadhita International Conference na Buddhist Women, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

2017: Nke iri na ise Sakyadhita International Conference on Buddhist Women, Hong Kong.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

Sakyadhita International Association of Buddhist Women bụ njikọ zuru ụwa ọnụ nke tọrọ ntọala na njedebe nke Nzukọ Mba Internationalwa mbụ maka ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist, nke emere na Bodhgaya, India, na 1987, n'okpuru nkwado nke Onye Nsọ ya Dalai Lama nke iri na anọ (b. 1935), onye bụ bụkwa onye isi okwu. Ebumnuche maka ogbako a sitere n'aka onye nọn Germany bụ Ayya Khema (1923–1997); onye nọn America bụ́ Karma Lekshe Tsomo (b. 1944); na prọfesọ Thai Chatsumarn Kabilsingh (b. 1944, ugbu a Bhikkhunī Dhammananda). Nzukọ a bu n’uche ijikọ ụmụ nwanyị Buddha nke mba na ọdịnala dị iche iche, ịkwalite ọdịmma ha, na ịkwado ọrụ ha maka abamuru nke mmadụ.

Sakyadhita (nke pụtara “Damụ nwanyị Buddha”) nwere ihe dịka ndị otu puku abụọ na mba iri anọ na ise gburugburu ụwa. Ndi otu ghere oghe nye ndi nwanyi na ndi nwoke, dinara ha ma chie ha echichi. Ihe dị ka pasent iri abụọ nke ndị otu a na-achọpụta dị ka ndị mọnk, na pasent iri asatọ adịghị. E guzobewo alaka ụlọ ọrụ nke Sakyadhita na Canada, France, Germany, Korea, Nepal, Spain, Taiwan, United Kingdom, na United States. A na-ehiwe alaka ọhụrụ ugbu a n’Ọstrelia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Russia, na Vietnam.

Ebumnuche nke Sakyadhita bụ ihiwe njikọ mba ụwa nke ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist iji kwalite nkwekọ na mkparịta ụka n'etiti ọdịnala Buddha na okpukpe ndị ọzọ; iji kwalite ọdịmma ime mmụọ na nke ụwa nke ụmụ nwanyị ụwa; ịrụ ọrụ maka ịha nhatanha nwoke na nwanyị na agụmakwụkwọ Buddhist, ọzụzụ, usoro nhazi, na ịchị ndị mọnk; ịgba ume nyocha na mbipụta na isiokwu ndị masịrị ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist; iji zụlite ọmịiko mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya maka abamuru nke mmadụ; na iji kwalite udo ụwa site na nkuzi nke Buddha.

Na-arụ ọrụ na mpaghara ala, Sakyadhita na-enye netwọkụ nkwukọrịta n'etiti ụmụ nwanyị Buddha na mba ụwa. Nzukọ a na-akwalite nyocha na mbipụta na akụkọ ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist na isiokwu ndị ọzọ nwere mmasị. Ọ na-akwado atụmatụ ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist, gụnyere ọrụ agụmakwụkwọ, ụlọ ọrụ ịla ezumike nká, ebe ọzụzụ, ebe obibi ụmụ nwanyị, ọrụ mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya, yana ọrụ ikpe ziri ezi. Iji kwalite ịha nhatanha ma mepụta ohere maka ụmụ nwanyị na ọdịnala Buddha niile, ọ na-agba ume nzukọ ọgbakọ na otu mkparịta ụka. Ebumnuche bụ inye ike ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist 300,000,000 n'ụwa ka ha rụọ ọrụ maka udo na mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya. (Ọnụ ọgụgụ ụmụ nwanyị Buddha nwere ike ịdị elu dị ka 600,000,000 n'ụwa niile, ma ọ bụrụ na agụnyere ndị mmadụ Republic of China.)

Nzukọ mba dị iche iche nke Biennial [Foto dị n'aka nri] na-eweta ụmụ nwanyị na ndị nọn si mba dị iche iche na ọdịnala iji kesaa nyocha na ahụmịhe ha na ịgba ume ọrụ iji melite ọnọdụ maka ụmụ nwanyị Buddha, ọkachasị na mba ndị na-emepe emepe. E nweela ọgbakọ na Bodhgaya, India (1987); Bangkok, Thailand (1991); Colombo, Sri Lanka (1993); Leh, Ladakh, India (1995); Phnom Penh, Cambodia (1997–1998); Lumbini, Nepal (2000); Taipei, Taiwan (2002); Seoul, South Korea (2004); Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2006); Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia (2008); Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (2010); Bangkok, Thailand (2011); Vaishali, India (2013); Yogyakarta, Indonesia (2015); na Hong Kong (2017). [Foto dị n'aka nri] Nzukọ ndị a na-egosi akwụkwọ, ebe obibi, na arụmọrụ na isiokwu metụtara ụmụ nwanyị Buddha. Nzukọ ndị mmadụ zuru ụwa ọnụ ghe oghe nye mmadụ niile, n'agbanyeghị nwoke, agbụrụ, ma ọ bụ okpukperechi. Nzukọ ndị sochirinụ lekwasịrị anya na isiokwu dịka "Buddhist Women in Modern Society," "Womenmụ nwanyị na Ike nke Ọmịiko," "Womenmụ nwanyị na Buddha: Unitydị n'Otu na Di iche iche," "Womenmụ nwanyị dị ka Ndị Na-eme Udo," "Disdọ Aka ná Ntị na Omume nke Ndị Buddha Buddha Gara Aga na Ugbu a, "" Womenmụ nwanyị Buddha na Global Multicultural Community, "" Buddha na Transition: Omenala, Mgbanwe, na Ihe Chama Aka, "" Womenmụ nwanyị Buddhist a ma ama, "" Buddha na Grassroots, "" ọmịiko na ikpe ziri ezi, "na" Buddhist nke oge a Mụ nwanyị: Ntụgharị uche, Mgbanwe Ọdịbendị na Ọha na Ahụhụ. ” Onye isi okwu na ogbako mbu na Bodhgaya bu Onye Nsọ ya Dalai Lama nke iri na anọ. Ndị na-ekwu okwu n'okwu na nzukọ ndị sochirinụ gụnyere ndị isi dịka Ranasinghe Premadasa, Onye isi ala Sri Lanka; Onye isi ya Rani Sarla, Queen of Ladakh; Nwanyị eze nwanyị Norodom Sihanouk, Queen nke Cambodia; Annette Shu-lien Lu, osote onye isi ala nke Republic of China; na Princess Srirasmi Suwadee nke Thailand, yana ndị mmụta na ndị nkuzi dịka Bhikkhunī Kwangwoo Sunim, Anne Carolyn Klein, Paula Arai, Sharon Suh, Reverend Shundo Aoyama, Bhikkhunī Myeong Seong Sunim, C. Julia Huang, Bhikṣunī Thich Nu Khiet Minh, na Bhikṣunī Karma Lekshe Tsomo.

Sakyadhita enyego otutu oru iji kwalite ọdịmma nke ụmụ nwanyị Buddha. Ha gụnyere:

Sakyadhita Ọzụzụ na Medtụgharị Uche, Katubedda, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka (Ebe nrụọrụ weebụ Sakyadhita 2015).

E hiwere ụlọ ọrụ a iji nye ndị sista na-achọ ọzụzụ na ọzụzụ ọzụzụ bhikkhunī (zuru oke nke nọn). Ọ na-enye ọzụzụ na ntụgharị uche, ịdọ aka ná ntị ndị mọnk, onye ndu, ndụmọdụ, ahụike, na ike ma na-akwadebe ndị nọn ijere ọha mmadụ ozi. Ndị nọn ahụ na-eduzi klas Dhamma (Dharma) maka ụmụaka, ụbọchị ntụgharị uche ụbọchị asaa kwa ọnwa, ndụmọdụ maka ụmụ agbọghọ nọ n'ụlọ ọrụ mgbazi, yana mmemme okpukpe.

Jamyang Foundation (Jamyang Foundation weebụsaịtị 2016).

Jamyang Foundation amalitela ma kwado oru ngo iri na abuo maka umuaka na umuaka ndi India Himalayas, ulo akwukwo ato nke umuaka na Bangladesh, na Sanghamitra Foundation na Bodhgaya. Ihe oru ngo a na-enye omuma ihe omumu, usoro ihe omumu Buddha na nkà ihe omuma na arụmụka, na ọzụzụ na nlekọta ahụike, mmata gburugburu ebe obibi, na isiokwu ndị ọzọ. Nunmụ nwanyị nọn isii si Jamyang Chöling Institute (Jamyang Chöling Institute weebụsaịtị nd), nke dịdebere Dharamsala, India, nke izizi guzobere, gụchara akwụkwọ ha na nkà ihe ọmụma Buddhist wee nata geshema ogo na Mundgod, South India, na 2016 (Jamyang Chöling Institute webụsaịtị nd).

Anglọ Ọrụ Sanghamitra, Bodhgaya, India (weebụsaịtị Sanghamitra Institute)

Anglọ ọrụ Sanghamitra bụ ebe mmụta, ọdịbendị, na ikike ụmụ nwanyị na ụmụ nwanyị. Thelọ akwụkwọ ahụ na-enye mmemme maka agụmakwụkwọ maka ụmụaka na ndị nọn sitere na mpaghara Himalayan n'oge ọnwa oyi. Ọ malitere usoro mmuta na mmuta maka ụmụ ime obodo 120 na 2011, mmemme ọzụzụ ahụike na 2014, yana ịkwaa mmemme maka ụmụ nwanyị bi n'ime obodo na 2014. A na-ewu ụlọ ọgwụ ahụike ụmụ nwanyị na ụmụ nwanyị nọ na ya ugbu a.

Sakyadhita unlọ Akwụkwọ Nunnery (Okechukwu, Myanmar

Lọ akwụkwọ a, nke a na-akpọkarị Sakyadhita Tilashin Sathin-daik, tọrọ ntọala na 1998 n'okpuru nkwado nke Hiroko Kawanami, onye otu Sakyadhita. Schoollọ akwụkwọ a na-enye ọzụzụ ndị mọnk na agụmakwụkwọ na Akwụkwọ Nsọ na Buddhist maka ndị nọn, nke a maara na Burmese tilashin. Ọ bụ ndị nkuzi nọn atọ guzobere ụlọ akwụkwọ ndị nọn ahụ ma ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ ụlọ 200 tilashin ndị na-ahụkarị ụkpụrụ asatọ na ọtụtụ iwu ọzụzụ ọzọ.

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

Na narị afọ nke isii bce India, Buddha gosipụtara ikike ụmụ nwanyị na ụmụ nwoke nwere iji nweta nnwere onwe. Nkwupụta a gosipụtara nnukwu ọpụpụ site n'echiche ndị na-ewu ewu nke kọwaa ụmụ nwanyị n'ụzọ kachasị mkpa gbasara ọrụ ọmụmụ ha na ikike maka ọrụ na-arụpụta ihe. Na bhikkhunī sangha (obodo nke ndị nọn Buddha, bhikkhunī na Pāli, bhikṣunī na Sanskrit) Mahāprajāpatī, nwanne nne Buddha na nne zụlitere ya guzobere. Kemgbe ọ malitere, Buddha bụ ihe pụrụ iche n'ịghọta ikike ime mmụọ nke ụmụ nwanyị na ụmụ nwoke. N’agbanyeghi echiche agam n’ihu a, usoro ndi mmadu ahaghi n ’ogha n’agha n’ọtụtụ omenala Buddhist taa. Taa, bhikṣunī sangha  na-adịgidekarị na ọdịnala atọ (Chinese, Korea, na Vietnamese, Mahayana Buddhist niile), mana mbọ iji guzobe ma ọ bụ ịtụte nhọpụta zuru oke maka ndị nọn na-aga n'ihu na India, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, na ebe ndị ọzọ.

N'ime iri afọ ndị na-adịbeghị anya, mmata ụmụ nwanyị na-arịwanye elu na ụmụ nwanyị na-arịwanye elu na-edu ndú n'ọchịchị Buddha. Nzukọ, nlọghachi, na mbipụta ndị na-elekwasị anya n'ihe omume na ahụmịhe ụmụ nwanyị na-ahụkarị, yana ndị nkuzi ụmụ nwanyị (dị ka Khandro Rinpoche (b. 1967) na Jetsunma Tenzin Palmo (b. 1943)), ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist ụmụ akwụkwọ (dịka dịka Judith Simmer-Brown, Rita Gross (1943–2015), Janet Gyatso (b. 1949), Sarah Harding, Anne Carolyn Klein (b. 1947), Miranda Shaw (b. 1954), Jan Willis (b. 1948)) , na ọgbọ mbụ nke geshemama ọ bụ ụmụ nwanyị ndị ọkachamara nke nkà ihe ọmụma Buddha na ọdịnala Tibet. (Nke mbụ geshema Ọ bụ Dalai Lama nke iri na anọ nyere 2016 ogo na XNUMX ruo ndị nọn Tibet iri abụọ). Site n'inwe ohere mmụta ka mma na ịmatakwu ụmụ nwanyị, ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist na-agbagha echiche siri ike banyere ikike ọgụgụ isi na nke ime mmụọ nke ụmụ nwanyị, ịha nhatanha nwoke na nwanyị, mkpa nwoke na nwanyị, yana iche iche mmekọahụ, na-ebute arụmụka ndị dị mkpa.

RITUALS / PRACTICES

Okpukpe ndi nwanyi Buddha nwere site na odinala na odinala, na obodo si mba ozo. Onyinye ụmụ nwanyị na-eme kwa ụbọchị nwere ike ịgụnye ịkpọ isiala nye Buddha na ịbịakwute Buddha n'ihu ebe ịchụàjà n'ime ụlọ, ịgagharị ụlọ nsọ ndị dị nso, ịnye nri na ihe ndị ọzọ achọrọ maka ndị mọnk ma ọ bụ ndị ogbenye, ịga njem nsọ na saịtị Buddha dị nsọ, na ịgụ akụkụ Akwụkwọ Nsọ, ekpere , ma ọ bụ mantras. Omume Buddha nke nọn kwa ụbọchị yiri nke a, mana ọ kachasị kpụ ọkụ n'ọnụ. Nuns na-ebili n'isi ụtụtụ maka abụ na ntụgharị uche, na-ehichapụ ebe obibi ndị mọnk, na-eri nri ụtụtụ n'isi (mgbe anaghị eri anụ), ma tinyezie onwe ha n'ọrụ ha. Ọrụ ndị a nwere ike ịgụnye ntụgharị uche, ọmụmụ Akwụkwọ Nsọ, nkuzi, ndụmọdụ, ọrụ nhazi, mmekọrịta gị na ndị otu obodo na ndị nyere onyinye, yana ọrụ ndị ọzọ bara uru metụtara ịgba ọsọ ebe obibi ndị mọnk. A na-eme ihe ndị ọzọ kwa izu, kwa ọnwa, ma ọ bụ kwa afọ. Ihe omume pụrụ iche gụnyere omume ofufe, ọgụgụ akwụkwọ, ịgụ sutras, usoro ntụgharị uche, usoro nchegharị, klaasị na nkuzi maka ndị nọn na ndị nkịtị, yana ncheta ihe omume na ndụ Buddha ma ọ bụ ndị nna ukwu ndị ọzọ.

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

Edebanyela Sakyadhita International dị ka ụlọ ọrụ 501 (c) 3 na-enweghị ọrụ na State nke California ebe 1988 dị ka njikọ zuru ụwa ọnụ iji rụọ ọrụ maka ọdịmma nke ndị nwanyị Buddha na ndị nọn. Ndị otu nzukọ ahụ na-ahọpụta ndị isi kwa afọ anọ dabere na nhọpụta sitere na ndị otu. Enwere ike ịtọgbọ ma ọ bụ chie ndị isi ọrụ. Ndị ọrụ a na-ebute ma na-ahụ maka nyocha, mbipụta, nzukọ, na ọrụ ndị ọzọ na afọ ofufo.

Sakyadhita eguzobewo ngalaba mba na mba iri na abuo site na usoro ntinye. Alaka nke mba nwere ike ịhọpụta ndị ọrụ ha, nweta ego, ma hazie ọrụ dịka ọdịmma nke ndị otu ha si dị.

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Ebumnuche Sakyadhita bụ iji dozie enweghị nha anya nwoke na nwanyị na obodo Buddhist na obodo, ọkachasị na ụlọ ọrụ Buddha. Nzukọ Sakyadhita nke afọ abụọ a na-enwe kwa afọ enyewo nzukọ maka ịkọwa enweghị nha nha ndị a, ịkwalite ịdị n'otu, na ịkọwapụta ụzọ dị iche iche a ga-esi edozi ya, ọkachasị n'ihe gbasara inweta ụmụ nwanyị inweta agụmakwụkwọ Buddhist, nhazi, na nhazi ụlọ ọrụ. Sakyadhita agbaala ume nyocha na ihe odide banyere isiokwu gbasara umunwanyi Buddha ndi meworo ka ha chegharia echiche ndi mmadu, mmachibido iwu, na ihe mgbochi ndi ozo na egbochi ndi nwanyi na ndi Buddha. Na mba ụfọdụ, emeela mgbalị iji guzobe ụlọ ọrụ ka mma maka agụmakwụkwọ Buddha na omume ntụgharị uche maka ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist, ọkachasị ndị nọn, mana enweghị oke nha anya. Shortagekọ ndị nkuzi ruru eru na nkwado ego na-ezughi oke na-aga n'ihu na mmemme nkwarụ maka ụmụ nwanyị na ụmụ agbọghọ. Ahaghị nhata ndị a na-eme ka ọnọdụ ụmụ nwanyị ghara inwe nsogbu n'ime ọtụtụ ọdịnala Buddha, ọkachasị na mba ndị na-emepe emepe. Ohere maka ichi elu dika bhikkhunīs emeghewo na Sri Lanka, mana ka emechibidoro ụmụ nwanyị bi na Burma, Cambodia, Laos, na ndị nọn nke ọdịnala Tibet. Usoro nke iji nlezianya mee ihe iji weghachite usoro ọmụmụ nke zuru oke na Sri Lanka ma jiri nwayọọ nwayọọ na-eweta na Thailand dị irè, mana ka na-eche mmegide siri ike site n'aka ndị mọnk na-achọghị ọdịnala na ọdịnala ndị a.

Na mgbakwunye na ụkpụrụ ise nke onye Buddha, onye nọn novice (ma ọ bụ monk) na-akwado alụghị nwanyị ma nwee ike idebe iwu ise ọzọ: ịhapụ site n'ihe ịchọ mma na ihe ịchọ mma, ịbụ abụ na ịgba egwu, oche dị elu ma ọ bụ akwa, nri na-adịghị mma, na ijikwa ọlaọcha ma ọ bụ ọla edo. Iwu itoolu ahụ gụnyere iwu asatọ, [Foto dị n'aka nri] gbakwunyere iwu iji wee mepụta obiọma (metta) nye ihe niile dị ndụ. Iwu iri ahụ gụnyere iwu asatọ, na-ekewa iwu iji zere ịbụ abụ na ịgba egwu yana site na ihe ịchọ mma na ọla dị abụọ. Iwu nke iri bụ ka ị ghara ịna-ejikwa ọla ọcha na ọla edo eme ihe. Ndị nọn asatọ na nke iteghete anaghị anabata iwu ikpeazụ a, nke na-enyere ha aka ijikwa ego. Ndị Nun na-edebe iwu asatọ, itoolu, ma ọ bụ iri na-ejikwa ndụ ha mara mma, gụnyere ịlụ nwanyị. Ha na-arụ ọrụ dị mkpa na ọha mmadụ dịka ndị nkuzi, ndị ndụmọdụ, na ndị ụkpụrụ ụkpụrụ omume, ọbụlagodi mgbe ha enweghị ohere bhikṣunī echichi. Fọdụ na-arụ ụka na ọnọdụ ha n'akụkụ akụkụ nke ebe obibi ndị mọnk nke nwoke na-enye ha ohere ịhapụ onwe ha karịa ma ọ bụrụ na iwu asatọ dị mkpa nke na-achịkwa ha na-achịkwa ha. bhikkhunīs ka bhikkus (ndị mọnk) Asaa dị arọ iwu maka bhikkhunīs gụnyere iwu ise nke metụtara ịdabere na bhikkhus: bhikkhunīachọrọ ka ị kwanyere ya ùgwù bhikkhus, n'agbanyeghị agbanyeghị ntorobịa; ịchọ ichi echichi site na abụọ bhikkhu na bhikkhunī saghas (usoro nke ndị nọnchara nke ọma); ikpo a bhikkhu ugboro abụọ n'ọnwa inye ndụmọdụ; iji mee ka mmiri ozuzo ha laghachi azụ ebe enwere a bhikkhu; na, ọ bụrụ na a sanghavesesa mmejọ, weghachite ha abụọ saghas.

Sakyadhita mekpɔe dze sii (gake menye), menye xexeame ,e akpa aɖeke o, ke boŋ enye “xɔlɔ nor veviwo.” Ọ bụ ezie na nzukọ ahụ adọrọla uche gaa na enweghị ọkwa dị elu maka ụmụ nwanyị na ọdịnala Theravada na nke Tibet, ebumnuche pụtara ìhè nke Sakyadhita site na mmalite ya bụ ijikọ ụmụ nwanyị Buddha na mba ụwa. Ya mere, ọ biawo ụzọ nke gụnyere yana ịkwanyere ụmụ nwanyị ugwu na ụzọ ndụ dị iche iche.

Na mgbakwunye na ịrụ ọrụ imeghe ụmụ nwanyị ohere ịnabata, Sakyadhita chọrọ ịgba ume na ịkwado ohere agụmakwụkwọ ụwa na nke okpukpe maka ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist. Ọ na-achọ iji weghachite akụkọ ihe mere eme nke ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist ma gosipụta mmezu na inweta nke ụmụ nwanyị nọ na obodo Buddha ndị eleghara akụkọ ha anya. Ọ gara n'ihu ịchọ nyocha nke gbasara ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist, gụnyere mmekọrịta ọha na eze, ọrụ ebere, na atụmatụ maka ịkpa nkata ọdịnala Buddha na ụmụ nwoke na-achịkwa. Ebumnuche bụ ịmatakwu mkpa ọ dị nha anya nwoke na nwanyị n'akụkụ niile nke ọha mmadụ site na ịdekọ ahụmịhe ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist.

Sakyadhita na-ekepụta nzukọ maka mkparịta ụka banyere esemokwu, dị ka ịkpa ókè agbụrụ, mmekọahụ, mmegbu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na okpukperechi, nrigbu ụmụ nwanyị, na inwe mmekọahụ, gụnyere mmegbu mmekọahụ. Otu nsogbu bụ ịkwalite mmata n'etiti ụmụ nwanyị Buda nwere ugwu, ndị nwere ohere agụmakwụkwọ na agụmakwụkwọ ka elu, mana ndị nwere ike amaghị maka nsogbu akụ na ụba, mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya, na nke ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke ụmụ nwanyị nọ na mba ndị ọzọ.

Nzukọ Sakyadhita na-arụ ọrụ dị oke mkpa ọ bụghị naanị ijikọta ya ọdịnala dị iche iche Buddhist, kamakwa n'ịchịkọta ọdịiche agụmakwụkwọ, akụ na ụba, agbụrụ, mmekọrịta mmadụ na asụsụ nke dị n'etiti ụmụ nwanyị Buddha. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Mmachi agụmakwụkwọ na nke akụ na ụba na-emetụta imirikiti ụmụ nwanyị Buddha. E gosipụtara nke a na ihe ịma aka nke ịnọchite anya ụmụ nwanyị Buddha na nzukọ mba ụwa. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, ọ bụ ezie na Sakyadhita nwere ọnọdụ ndụmọdụ na United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), enwere ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist ole na ole na-asụ Bekee ma nwee ike ịga nzukọ na nzukọ. Ọrụ Sakyadhita n'ịgba ume ma na-agbasawanye ohere agụmakwụkwọ maka ụmụ nwanyị Buddhist dị oke mkpa.

Foto 

FotoImage # 1: A na-egosipụta mmemme omenaala na nzukọ niile nke Sakyadhita. Wilis Rengganiasih Endah Ekowati nke Indonesia na-abụ abụ akpọrọ "Samsara."
Foto # 2: Ndị na-ahazi obodo na mba ụwa mepere 14th Sakyadhita International Conference on Women Buddhist na Yogyakarta, Indonesia, na 2015.
Foto # 3: nuns-precept asatọ nke si na Myanmar na Korea bhikkhunī jikọọ aka iji kwalite ọdịmma nke ụmụ nwanyị Buda ụwa.
Image # 4: ndị nọn Asia na Western na-eme omenala Tibetan na Vietnamese na-atụgharị uche na njem ọdịnala na Borobudur, ihe ncheta Buddha narị afọ nke itoolu na Java.

References

Yanglọ Ọrụ Chong Jamyang. 2017. "Geshema Nuns nke Jamyang Choeling." http://jamchoebuddhistdialectics.org/Geshema%20Nuns%20Jamyang%20Choeling.htm.

Jamyang Chöling Institute webụsaịtị. nd Nweta site na http://jamchoebuddhistdialectics.org/ na 3 September 2017.

Ebe nrụọrụ weebụ Foundation Jamyang. 2016. Nweta site na  http://www.jamyang.org na 3 September 2017.

Weebụsaịtị Sakyadhita. 2015. Nweta site na http://www.sakyadhita-srilanka.org/ na 3 September 2017.

Sanghamitra Institute (Bodhgaya, India) mkpokọta. nd Nweta site na http://www.jamyang.org/pages/sanghamitra.php na 3 September 2017.

AJỤRỤ AKWỤKWỌ NDỊ

Fenn, Mavis L., na Kay Koppedrayer. 2008. "Sakyadhita: Ebe Nchikota ndi Nwanyi Buda." Akwụkwọ akụkọ banyere Buddha Buddha 9: 45-79.

French, Rebecca Redwood. 2013. "ughtersmụ nwanyị Buddha: The Sakyadhita Movement, Iwu Buddha, na Ọnọdụ nke Buddhist Nuns." Pp. 371-89 na Nwanyị, Iwu, na Okpukpe, nke Marie A. Failinger, Elizabeth R. Schiltz, na Susan J. Stabile dere. Farnham, Surrey: Mbipụta Ashgate.

Mohr, Thea. 2002. Weibliche Identität und Leerheit: Eine ideengeschichtliche Rekonstruktion der buddhistischen Frauenbewegung Sakyadhita International. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Akwụkwọ akụkọ Sakyadhita. Bipụtara kwa afọ ma ọ bụ karịa ugboro ugboro site na 1990 ruo ugbu a.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe, ed. 2015. Obi ọmịiko na ikpe ziri ezi. Usoro nke 14th Sakyadhita International Conference on Women Buddhist. Yogyakarta: Sakyadhita. Dị na http://sakyadhita.org/docs/resources/epublications/Compassion+SocialJustice-BOOKMARKED_SI14.pdf.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 2014. Womenmụ nwanyị Buddhist mara mma. Albany: University University of New York Press.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 2012. Buddha na Grassroots. Usoro nke 13th Sakyadhita International Conference on Women Buddhist. Delhi: Sakyadhita.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 2011. Na-eduga na nnwere onwe. Usoro nke 12th Sakyadhita International Conference on Women Buddhist. Bangkok: Sakyadhita.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 2010/1995. Buddha site na Anya Women'smụ nwanyị America. Ithaca, NY: Akwụkwọ Ọdụm Snow.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 2008. Buddha na mgbanwe: ọdịnala, mgbanwe, na ihe ịma aka. Usoro nke 10th Sakyadhita International Conference on Women Buddhist. Ulaanbataar: Sakyadhita.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 2008. Womenmụ nwanyị Buddha na Global Multicultural Community. Kuala Lumpur: Sukhi Hotu Dhamma mbipụta.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 2007. "Sakyadhita njem uka na Asia: Na Onzọ nke Buddhist Women Movement." Nova Religio 10: 102-16.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 2006. Site na Onyunyo: Ndi Nwanyi Buda Buda Buddha na Community Global. Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 2004. Wa Na-ejikọ Aka: Olu Buddha Ndị Nwanyi Na-agafe N'ọgbọ. Taipei: Yuan Chuan Press.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 2004. Womenmụ nwanyị Buddha na Ikpe Ziri Ezi: Ebumnuche, Ihe ,ma Aka, na Mmezu. Albany: University University of New York Press.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 2000. Womenmụ nwanyị Buddha ọhụrụ na-agbanwe agbanwe: Igwu mmiri megide iyi ahụ. Surrey, England: Curzon Press.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 1999. Womenmụ nwanyị Buddhist gafee Omenala: Nzube. Albany: University University of New York Press.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 1988. Sakyadhita: ughtersmụ nwanyị Buddha. Ithaca, NY: Akwụkwọ Ọdụm Snow.

Wurst, Rotraut. 2001. Identität im Mbugharị. Tibetisch-Buddhistische Nonnen und das Netzwerk Sakyadhita. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.

Video

Sakyadhita IAW 1988. Womenmụ nwanyị Buddha: Unitydị n'otu na Di iche iche. Vidiyo 32 nkeji. Dị na https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=63VC52UHYZE. Obere vidiyo nke 9.26 sitere na otu vidiyo a di na https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zk27nsr4f7A.

weebụsaịtị

Sakyadhita: International Association of Buddhist Women. http://www.sakyadhita.org/.

Sakyadhita USA. http://www.sakyadhitausa.org/index.html.

Sakyadhita Canada: Association nke Womenmụ nwanyị Buddhist. https://www.sakyadhitacanada.org/.

Ụbọchị Post:
3 September 2017

 

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