Karolina Maria Hess Malgorzata Alicja Dulska  

Teofil Ociepka

OCIEPKA TIMELINE

1891 (Eprel 24): A mụrụ Teofil Ociepka na Janów, na mpaghara nke Oke Silesia, nke dị na Katowice, Poland.

1905: Nna Ociepka nwụrụ, Teofil malitere ịrụ ọrụ dị ka onye ọrụ nhazi na ebe a na-egwupụta kol. Emechara, e were ya n'ọrụ ụgbọ okporo ígwè, ebe ọ rụrụ ọrụ ruo 1914.

1914–1918: Ociepka debara aha ya na ndị agha German wee sonye n’agha n’oge a na-alụ Agha Worldwa Mbụ n’oge a na-alụ agha ahụ, ọ nwere mmasị na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị ma zute akwụkwọ ahụ 72 Aha Chineke, nsụgharị nke Polish nke Oedipus Aegyptiacus nke Athanasius Kircher.

1919–1921: Ociepka keere òkè na nsogbu nke Silesia megide ọchịchị German. Mgbe agha ahụ gachara, Ociepka zutere Philip Hohmann nke Wittenberg, bụ onye mechara bụrụ onye nkụzi ime mmụọ ya.

N'ihe dị ka afọ 1920s: Otu gburugburu esoteric gburugburu Ociepka bidoro.

1927: Ociepka kere ihe osise mbụ ya, dịka, dị ka o kwenyere, sitere n'ike mmụọ nsọ sitere na Hohmann. Oge nke “omume omume” malitere.

1930: Otu onye nduzi nke Silesian Museum katọrọ ya, Ociepka hapụrụ ọrụ nka ya wee laghachi na ya obere oge tupu Agha IIwa nke Abụọ.

Tupu 1939: Site na enyemaka Hohmann, Ociepka ghọrọ onye otu kwekọrọ na ngalaba German [Deutsche Abteilung] nke Rosicrucian Fellowship.

1945: Ociepka kwekọrọ na isi ụlọ ọrụ nke Rosicrucian Fellowship na Oceanside, California.

Ca. 1946: E guzobere otu ndị na-ese ihe na Coal Mine "Wieczorek" (ebe Ociepka na-arụ ọrụ, ruo mgbe ezumike nká ya, dị ka onye na-arụ ọrụ n'elu ala), nke ndị ọkà mmụta Janowska Group, Janowska Occult Community, ma ọ bụ Circle of Unprofessional Painters mechara kpọọ. Ociepka bụ onye otu rue 1959, mgbe ọ hapụrụ Silesia.

1948: Izabela “Czajka” Stachowicz haziri ngosipụta n’otu n’otu ihe osise nke Ociepka, na-akwalite onye na-ese ihe dịka “Polish Henri Rousseau.” N'oge a, Ociepka na-ese, n'etiti isiokwu ndị ọzọ, ndị mmụọ sitere na akụkọ ọdịnala Silesia, na ọrụ dịka Utopiec (1948).

1950s: Ociepka mepụtara ọtụtụ eserese a maara nke ọma dabere na akwụkwọ nke narị afọ nke iri na itoolu German mystic, Jakob Lorber: Saturn: Nkọwa nke mbara ala ya na Mgbaaka ya na ọnwa ya, na ibi ndụ ya. N'ime ọrụ ndị ahụ, e nwere Odum nke Saturn (1954), Blue Bear nke Saturn (1954), Na-efe Ehi Saturn (1956), na ndị ọzọ.

1959: Ociepka lụrụ Julia Ufnal.

1960: Ociepka sere otu n'ime ya Eserese onwe onye, na-ahụ onwe ya na ụlọ ọrụ ndị mmụọ dị egwu.

1962:  Anya nke Providence, e sere ihe osise metụtara mmasị onye omenkà nwere na Rosicrucianism.

1963:  Ndụ Ọkụ, e sere ihe osise sitere n'ike mmụọ nsọ n'etiti ndị ọzọ site na alchemy.

1969: N'ihi nsogbu dị na gburugburu ebe obibi ya, Ociepka si na Janów kwaga Bydgoszcz, bụ obodo nke nwunye ya.

1976: Iwu nke Polonia Restituta chọrọ Ociepka mma.

1978 (Jenụwarị 15): Ociepka nwụrụ na Bydgoszcz, Poland. Okporo ámá dị n'obodo ahụ na-aza aha ya.

BIOGRAPHY

Teofil Ociepka [Foto dị n'aka nri] bụ onye nwere obi ụtọ, onye Teofil Ociepka - Malarz. Fot. Eustachy Kossakowski / UMLỌ.onye nkuzi esoteric na onye ndu izizi nke mgbaasị nke ndị nka na-amaghi aka akpọrọ Janowska Group. Ọ rụrụ ọrụ dị ka onye na-egwu kol na-egwupụta ala na mpaghara Oke Silesia, na ókèala Poland na German. Ọ bụ otu n'ime ndị Polish na-enweghị mmasị na-ese ihe na-enweghị isi, na otu n'ime ndị Poland na-enwetakarị esotericist, ndị ọrụ ha sitere n'ike mmụọ nsọ Rosicrucianism, mysticism Christian, Theosophy, na usoro anwansi nke narị afọ nke iri abụọ, na ọrụ ya gosipụtara ma ihe ọ kpọrọ "omume ọma" ya ya na nkuzi ya.

A mụrụ Teofil Ociepka na Eprel 24, 1891 na Janów (Ociepka 1919: 1). Ọnwụ nna ya nwụrụ mere ka Teofil malite ịrụ ọrụ dị ka igwe na ebe a na-egwu ala mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na anọ. Ọ lụrụ Agha Worldwa Mbụ na German Army, na mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, o sonyere na ọgba aghara Silesia megide ọchịchị German site na 1919 ruo 1921 (Ociepka 1919). N'ịbụ onye tolitere na Silesia, Ociepka na-asụ Polish na German, mana ọ na-asụ asụsụ French nke ọma. Kemgbe afọ agha, Ociepka nwere mmasị na Western Esotericism, ọkachasị mgbe ọ chọtara akwụkwọ nke Athanasius Kircher (1602-1680), Oedipus Aegyptiacus (1652–1654), na ntụgharị asụsụ Polish akpọrọ Aha iri asaa na asaa nke Chineke (Jackowski 1984: 38). N'ịchọ akwụkwọ esoteric ọzọ na Germany, ọ zutere Philip Hohmann, onye edemede esoteric na enigmatic si Wittenberg, onye ghọrọ onye dị oke mkpa na ndụ Ociepka. Dị ka Ociepka si kwuo, ha gbanwere akwụkwọ ozi maka afọ iri anọ sochirinụ (Wisłocki 2010: 43). Hohmann ghọrọ onye nkuzi nke mmụọ ya, wee zigara ya akwụkwọ esoteric na usoro mmemme nke mmụọ bụ “iji nyere Ociepka aka inweta ikike dị n'ime, nke ga - enyere ya aka ịchị usoro ndị sitere n'okike….” (Jackowski 1984: 37-56).

Otu n'ime oge na-atọ ụtọ nke metụtara esoteric na ndụ Teofil Ociepka bụ edemede ya dị ka onye na-ese ihe. Ociepka kwenyere na ọ bụ Hohmann mere ya onye omenkà nwere nzube ime mmụọ. O kwuru, sị: “[Hohmann] degara m akwụkwọ ozi, sị: 'Teofil, mmụọ ga-abịakwute gị ma kụziere gị otú e si ese ihe.' Ahụtụbeghị m mmụọ ọ bụla, mana otu ihe Teofil Ociepka - Malarz. Fot. Eustachy Kossakowski / UMLỌ.amataghi ihe amuru na nkpuru obim, nke apuru ikpo ihe ima ima ihe kachasi nma nke mara mma, ya bu Chineke. Nke ahụ bụ na 1927, malitekwa mgbe ahụ gaa n'ihu, amalitere m ite agba ma na-ese ihe kemgbe ahụ site n'ọ unfụ na obi ụtọ na-enweghị atụ. ” (Wisłocki 2010: 43). [Foto dị n'aka nri]

E wezụga ahụmahụ anwansi ndị ahụ, o doro anya na Philip Hohmann nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu na ọgụgụ isi ọgụgụ onye edemede ahụ, yana ọdịmma ya. O yikarịrị ka ọ bụ nkwado ya na (oge ụfọdụ tupu 1939) Ociepka ghọrọ onye otu kwekọrọ na gburugburu Rosicrucian. Ọ bụ ngalaba nke German nke Rosicrucian Fellowship: Otu International Association of Christian Mystics, nke dị na Oceanside, California, nke Max Heindel hiwere (pseud nke Carl Louis von Grasshoff, 1865-1919; maka ịhụ ndị ọzọ Faivre 1994: 91, na Goodrick-Clarke 2008: 127). Ozizi Heindel bụ nke sitere na Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925) (lee Weber 2005); o jikọtara ya na Theosophical Society dị ka onye isi oche nke alaka dị na Los Angeles, California site na 1904 ruo 1905 (Heindel 2012: 6). N'oge Agha IIwa nke Abụọ, Ociepka enweghị mmekọrịta na nzukọ ahụ, mana ozugbo ọ kwụsịrị, a nabataghachiri ya dịka onye otu kwekọrọ (Wisłocki 2007: 202-04).

Teofil Ociepka maara nke ọma banyere mgbaasị na Poland; ọ chịkọtara ọtụtụ akwụkwọ akụkọ esoteric na interwar oge. Ọ chịkọtara ọtụtụ akwụkwọ metụtara esotericism, ọkachasị na German na Polish. Mgbe Agha IIwa nke Abụọ gasịrị, ọbá akwụkwọ Ociepka bụ otu n'ime nnakọta ego esoteric na Poland (Prokopiuk 2010: 125).

Ociepka chọrọ ịkọrọ ya ihe ọmụma banyere esotericism. Ọ gbazinyere akwụkwọ ya, ma na-achọsi ụmụ akwụkwọ ike, ọbụna na-eme mgbasa ozi na akwụkwọ akụkọ. N'ikpeazụ, ọ gbakọtara gburugburu ya, gụnyere Bolesław Skulik, Walter Goj na ọtụtụ ndị ọzọ (Wisłocki 2010: 20). N'etiti afọ ndị 1950, Ociepka sitere n'ike mmụọ nsọ site n'aka onye Christian Christian mystic and ọhụụ, Jakob Lorber (1800-1864), Saturn: Nkọwa nke mbara ala ya na Mgbaaka ya na ọnwa ya, na ibi ndụ ya (Lorber [1841] 1969), na o kere ikekwe usoro kachasị mma nke eserese ya. Saturn rụrụ ọrụ dị mkpa ọ bụghị naanị n'akwụkwọ Lorber, kamakwa n'ihe odide nke Heindel (Heindel 1909: 205-06), nke na-akọwa ọrụ pụrụ iche ya maka Ociepka. Onye sere ya kwenyere na ahụ mmadụ nke astral, ha abụọ Ociepka 4tupu ọmụmụ na mgbe ọ nwụsịrị na Earthwa, dị na Saturn (Wisłocki 1984: 62). N'etiti ọrụ ndị Ociepka nwere Saturn okirikiri, anyị nwere ike ịchọta eserese dị ka Odum nke Saturn (1954), [Foto dị n'aka nri] Blue Bear nke Saturn (1954), na Na-efe Ehi Saturn (1956). Ọ dị mkpa iburu n'uche na, ọbụlagodi na eserese Ociepka nwere ike ịpụta dịka naanị ihe atụ nke nkọwa zuru ezu nke Lorber, n'usoro eserese a, yana ndị ọzọ, Ociepka gbakwunyere ụfọdụ nkọwa na agba nwere nkọwa pụtara doro anya (cf. Hess na Dulska) 2016: 68-71). O dere akwụkwọ nta akpọrọ "Dialectical Religionism," ebe ọ kọwara iji akara akara; O di nwute, edeghi edemede a ma, ọ bụrụ na ọ ka dị, ndị ọkachamara adịghị ya (cf. Jackowski 1984: 45, 54-55).

Na Poland mgbe Agha IIwa nke Abụọ gasịrị (n'okpuru ọchịchị Kọmunist), ọnọdụ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị metụtara nkà. Nkà ihe ọmụma nke ịhụ ihe onwunwe n'anya gọnahụrụ ebe ọ bụla na ihe ime mmụọ na ọrụ nkà. A na-atụgharịrị dragọn Ociepka dị ka ụmụ dragọn Paleozoic, a na-emeso ndị mmụọ ime mmụọ ndị ọzọ ihe ngosi Ociepka 2nke akụkọ ifo obodo Silesia iji soro ntuziaka ọchịchị. Ndị ọchịchị Kọmunist nwere mmasị na isiokwu metụtara ọdịnala mpaghara nke ndị na-egwu kool na-arụ ọrụ. Izabela "Czajka" Stachowicz (1893-1969), otu n'ime ndị ọrụ gọọmentị nke nka, nwere mmetụta na Ociepka site na ngwụsị 1940s gaa. Ọtụtụ nghọtahie gbara onye edemede ahụ gburugburu n'oge a: iji kwalite ọrụ Ociepka, a ghaghara akụkọ ndụ ya, ma gosi ya dị ka onye na-egwupụta ala nke na-ese akụkọ ọdịnala Silesia (Wisłocki 1984: 62-64), ma ọ bụ onye Polish nke yiri Henri Rousseau (1844- Ogbe 1910)

N'ezie, Ociepka ji ọ gladụ na-ese ihe osise ndị metụtara akụkọ ifo, na-ekwere na ndị a na-akọ n'akụkọ ifo bụ akụkụ nke amaghi ama, eziokwu nke ọzọ adịghị maka mmadụ niile, kama ọ na-abanye ụwa anyị n'ụzọ dị iche iche. O gosipụtara ọtụtụ ndị metụtara akụkọ ifo na ọrụ dịka Utopiec (1948) na ihe metutara Silesia, dika Onye na-egwuputa ihe n'ime Igbo (1956). Na 1960, o sere otu n’ime ya Eserese onwe onye, na-ahụ onwe ya na ụlọ ọrụ ndị mmụọ dị egwu. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ociepka's worldview jikọtara ihe ndị Katọlik na akụkọ ifo Silesia, mana ihe kacha amasị ya bụ ọdịnala esoteric ma lekwasị anya na Rosicrucianism, Theosophy, Anthroposophy, Astrology, Kabbalah, Magic and Alchemy. Enwere ike ịhụ nke a na ọrụ ya (Hess na Dulska 2016: 73).

N'ime ọnọdụ a dị mgbagwoju anya, Ociepka ka kwalitere ihe ime mmụọ ya Ociepka 3na-arụ ọrụ, ọbụlagodi mgbe a kọwara ha dịka ihe ọzọ. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, na 1963, o kere Ndụ Ọkụ, ihe osise sitere n'ike mmụọ nsọ n'etiti ndị ọzọ. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ọ ghọrọ onye a ma ama, nke dị mwute na-akpasu ndị ọrụ ibe ya iwe. Edere ndị isi akwụkwọ ozi ebubo na-enweghị aha, ikuku dị gburugburu onye na-ese ihe wee dị njọ nke na o kpebiri ịkwaga n'akụkụ ọzọ nke Poland, na Bydgoszcz, na 1969 (Fiderkiewicz 1994: 35). Taa, e nwere okporo ámá n’obodo ahụ nke a gụrụ ya. Ejiri Oruepka were Order nke Polonia Restituta chọọ mgbe ọ dị afọ iri asatọ na ise.

Teofil Ociepka nwụrụ na Jenụwarị 15, 1978. Ndụ ya ghọrọ isiokwu nke mmasị ndị ọkachamara na ndị ọkọ akụkọ ihe mere eme. E gosipụtara ihe omume nke mgbaasị anwansi ya nke gosipụtara na fim nke Lech Majewski duziri, nke isiokwu ya Angelus.

Foto
Foto # 1: Teofil Ociepka. 1962/63. Foto Eustachy Kossakowski sere. Copyright Anka Ptaszkowska. Site n'ikike nke Museum of Modern Art na Warsaw.
Foto # 2: Teofil Ociepka. 1962/1963. Foto Eustachy Kossakowski sere. Copyright Anka Ptaszkowska. Site n'ikike nke Museum of Modern Art na Warsaw.
Image # 3: Teofil Ociepka, Odum nke Saturn [Lew Saturdayna], 1954. Site n'ikike nke National Museum of Ethnography na Warsaw.
Image # 4: Teofil Ociepka, Ihe osise onwe onye [Autoportret], 1960. Site n'ikike nke National Museum of Ethnography na Warsaw.
Image # 5: Teofil Ociepka, Ndụ Ọkụ [Żywy Ogień], 1963. Site n'ikike nke National Museum of Ethnography na Warsaw.

References

Angelus [nkiri]. 2000. Onye nduzi Lech Majewski duziri ya. Warsaw: WFDiF.

Faivre, Antoine. 1994. Tonweta Western Esotericism. New York: Mahadum State nke New York Press.

Fiderkiewicz, Maria. 1994. Nkọwa nke 'pariasi' nke afọ gara aga (1945-1993). Katowice: Muzeum ąląskie.

Ezirick-Clarke, Nicholas. 2008. Omenala Esoteric Western: Okwu Mmalite nke Akụkọ. New York: Oxford University Press.

Heindel, Max. 2012. Ọmụmụ nke Rosicrucian Fellowship: Akụkọ banyere mmalite ya. Oceanside, CA: Mmekọrịta Rosicrucian.

Hess, Karolina M., na Małgorzata A. Dulska. 2016. "Rose Cross, Saturn's Menagerie na Coal Mines nke Silesia: Iju Anya nke Teofil Ociepka." Nova Religio: Akwụkwọ nke okpukpe ndị ọzọ na okpukpe 19: 57-79.

Jackowski, Aleksander. 1984. "Teofil Ociepka." Polska Sztuka Ludowa 1-2, n.38, 37–56.

Kitowska-Łysiak, Małgorzata. 2007. `` Teofil Ociepka, '' Instytut Historii Sztuki KUL, November 2007. Nweta site na culture.pl/pl/tworca/teofil-ociepka na 31 May 2017.

Ogbe, Jakob. [1841] n’afọ 1969. Der Saturn. Darstellung nwụrụ na Planeten samt Ring und Monden und seiner Lebewesen. Nke anọ. Bietigheim (Württemberg): Lorber-Verlag.

Ociepka, Teofil. 1919. “Mój życiorys. Sosnowiec, 10 Ọktoba 1919. ” Otu akwụkwọ otu peeji nke 8-011-283 na Zasoby archiwalne Powstań Śląskich (1919–1921), Józef Piłsudski Institute of America for Research in the Modern History of Poland, New York.

Prokopiuk, Jerzy. 2010. “Wśród książek pana Teofila. Eine Stichprobe. ” Pp. 123–30 na Wisłocki 1984.

"Ọ dị mma." Polska Sztuka Ludowa, 1–2, 38.

Weber, Charles. 2005. "Njikọ Heindel-Steiner." Nweta site na ndị òtù.shaw.ca/rosecross713/ Heindel-Steiner.htm na 31 May 2017.

Wilk, Sonia. '' Grupa Janowska '' [Otu Janowska Group], Miejski Dom Kultury '' Szopienice– Giszowiec '' w Katowicach. Nweta site na mdk.katowice.pl/grupa-janowska# na 31 May 2017.

Wisłocki, Seweryn A. 1984. “W kręgu okultystów Janowa - Teofil Ociepka i jego uczniowie.” Polska Sztuka Ludowa 1-2, n.38, 57-64.

Wisłocki, Seweryn A. 2007. Janowscy “kap wiani wiedzy tajemnej”. Okultyści, wizjonerzy i mistrzowie małej ojczyzny. Katowice: Wydawnictwo Naukowe “Śląsk”.

Wisłocki, Seweryn A. 2010. Mistrz Teofil Ociepka. Ahụ siri m ike. Katowice: Wydawnictwo Naukowe “Śląsk”.

Ụbọchị Post:
9 June 2017

 

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