Mairead Shanahan

Ogbere nke Australian Christian (ACL)

AKWỤKWỌ NDỊ CHRISTIAN LOBBY TBỤ

1995: John Gagliardi na John McNicoll guzobere Australian Christian Coalition.

2000: John Gagliardi lara ezumike nká. Jim Wallace ghọrọ Onye isi Nchịkwa.

2001: E degharịrị Njikọ Ndị Kraịst nke Australian na Australian Christian Lobby (ACL).

2004: National Alụmdi na Nwunye Coalition guzobere na-emegide iwu nwoke na nwoke na nwanyị. E guzobere Nzukọ Kwa Afọ nke Ndị Kraịst na-eto eto.

2007: Etinye gọọmentị etiti izizi zukọta ihe omume n'etiti Prime Minista John Howard na onye ndu mmegide Kevin Rudd.

2008: ACL megidere ịmaliteghachi nke iwu euthanasia na Northern Territory.

2010: Prime Minista Julia Gillard kwere nkwa Wallace (na ndị isi okpukpe ndị ọzọ) iji nọgide na-akwụ ụgwọ usoro ụkọchukwu nke ụlọ akwụkwọ ma kwado ụlọ ọrụ okpukpe iji tinye akara okpukpe na ịhọrọ ndị ọrụ.

2011: E guzobere Lachlan Macquarie Internation. Prime Minista Julia Gillard zutere otu ndị isi Ndị Kraịst nke ndị ACL haziri

2012: Prime Minista Julia Gillard kagburu ọdịdị ya na ogbako mba ACL.

2013: Jim Wallace lara ezumike nká. Lyle Shelton ghọrọ onye isi oche nke ACL.

2014: Onye Nduzi Mmegide Bill Shorten jiri okwu okwuntughe ya na ogbako mba ACL gosipụta nkwado ya maka iwu alụm di na nwunye.

2016: ACL nwere nkwanye ugwu megide mgbanwe nke iwu ime na Queensland.

2016: E nwere ihe gbawara n'ụlọ ọrụ ACL Canberra.

2018: Lyle Shelton gbadara dị ka isi nke Australian Christian Lobby ịchụso ọrụ na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị gọọmentị

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

Ejiri ụlọ ọrụ Australian Christian Lobby (ACL) guzobere dịka Onye Kraịst nke Australia ACL1Mmekọrịta na 1995 nke John Gagliardi, onye ọchụnta ego Queensland, [Foto dị n'aka nri] onye nta akụkọ na onye ndu nke Christian Outreach Center nke Brisbane (COC) Pentikọstal megachurch na John McNicoll, onye ụkọchukwu Baptist lara ezumike nká tụgharịrị n'ọnụ ụlọ (Hey 2010: 256). Ndị ọzọ so na Australian Christian Coalition bụ Neil Miers, onye isi mba ụwa nke COC site na 1990 ruo 2009, na David MacDonald, onye ụkọchukwu nke COC (Maddox 2015). Nzube mbụ nke otu ahụ bụ ịmepụta netwọk nke Ndị Kraịst gụrụ akwụkwọ ka ha dee akwụkwọ ọnọdụ, mmetụta nhoputa ntuli aka ma jide ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na-aza ajụjụ gbasara ụkpụrụ Ndị Kraịst (Gagliardi 1995). Nhọrọ nke aha sitere n'ike mmụọ nke Njikọ Ndị Kraịst na US Na ịhazi Njikọ Ndị Kraịst nke Australia, Gagliardi (1995) nwere olile anya ịnye "olu Ndị Kraịst dị n'otu iji gbanwee ọtụtụ iri afọ nke enweghị Chukwu, hedonistic, afọ ojuju omume na ụkpụrụ onwe onye." Otu a na-ekwu na ha nwere ndị otu 80,000 ma bụrụ "olu maka ụkpụrụ" na-ekwupụta na ọhụụ ha "bụ ịhụ ụkpụrụ Ndị Kraịst na-emetụta ụzọ anyị si achịkwa, na-azụ ahịa, ma na-emekọrịta ihe dịka ibe anyị" (ACL 2017). ACL na-ekwusi ike na ọ na-esonye ma na-abụghị nke ụka. Mgbalị ndị otu a na-eme na-elekwasị anya na mmegide megide alụmdi na nwunye nwoke na nwanyị, ime ime, euthanasia, na mgbasa ozi n'èzí na-akwado mmekọahụ na nkwado maka ịkwado ego maka ụlọ akwụkwọ nzuzo na mmemme mmemme. ACL enweela ihe ịga nke ọma mepụtara otu ndị ọbịa na-anabata mgbanwe ndị otu Christian na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị gọọmentị Australia.

Gagliardi lara ezumike nká site n'aka onye isi nchịkwa na 2000 na Jim Wallace, a Jim Wallacelara ezumike nká Brigadier-General nke Australian Defense Force, weghaara ọnọdụ ahụ. [Foto dị n'aka nri] N'okpuru nduzi nke Wallace, ìgwè ahụ gbanwere aha ya na Australian Christian Lobby na 2001. E mere usoro a iji mee ka nzukọ ahụ pụọ na ihe atụ US nke ndị otu ọgbakọ ndị otu Christian, mejupụtara usoro ntụgharị na mgbali mbibi, wee bido ihe omume iji mejuputa ndi otu a. Ihe omume ndị a gụnyere Bochum na-ezute ndị na - azọ ọkwa ọchịchị a na - akpọ "Mee Ka Ọ Gụọ" n'oge mkpọsa ntuli aka gọọmentị etiti na steeti, na-emejuputa mmemme Lachlan Macquarie, ma na-arụsi ọrụ ike na ntanetị mgbasa ozi. ACL na-arụ ọrụ n'ọfịs na isi obodo Australia nke Canberra bụ ebe ha na-achọ nzukọ na ndị omeiwu, ma nyefee akwụkwọ na kọmitii na ndị omeiwu gbasara ihe gbasara mmasị. Ndị ACL na-agbakwa usoro mgbasa ozi mmekọrịta nke ha na-ahazi mgbakọ na ịrịọ onyinye sitere n'aka ndị na-akwado ha.

N'okpuru ọrụ nlekọta nlekọta Wallace, ACL jikọrọ aka na Australian Family Association na Foundation Fatherhood Foundation iji guzobe National Marriage Coalition na 2004 (Maddox 2014: 135) na nke a dugara na mmepe nke 'Man + Wife = Life' nke na-akwado omenala hetero - nnukwu ezinụlọ. Na 2011, ACL guzobere Lachlan Macquarie Internship nke na-enye ndị nkụzi gụrụ akwụkwọ na post agụmakwụkwọ ohere iji malite usoro mmụta agụmakwụkwọ nke iri na anọ na-ejedebe n'ọmụmụ ihe otu izu na Ụlọ Nzukọ Alaeze. Ihe omuma a bu ime ka umuaka ndi ndu ndu ndi Kristain ghota iwu ndi mmadu. Lyle Shelton weere dịka Onye Nchịkwa Na 2013. [Image na nri] Mkparịta ụka nzuko omeiwu banyere iwu na-akwado iwu nwoke na nwoke ma ọ bụ nwanyị na-enwe mmekọahụ na-egosi na ìgwè ahụ na-eduzi mgbalị ndị ọzọ iji dochie iwu dị otú ahụ, ma n'otu oge ahụ na-akwado iwepụ ihe ịkpa ókè nke kwuru nwoke idina nwoke de facto mmekọrịta. ACL na-elekọta ụlọ ọrụ ọ bụla na steeti na obodo ọ bụla nke Australia na onye nduzi maka ịmepụta ihe ndị ọzọ metụtara na mkpọsa. Ụlọ ọrụ ndị a na-ahazi obodo Mee Ọ na-agụ ihe ma mee nzuko ndị omempụ maka nhoputa ndi ochichi obodo, ma nye ndi nhoputa ndi nhoputa ndi mmadu na ichota ndi ozo na ndi mmadu na nsogbu ndi isi. ACL na-arụ ọrụ dị mgbagwoju anya na-eme mkpọtụ n'ọtụtụ ọkwa nke ọchịchị Australia. Shelton kwụsịrị dị ka isi nke Ụlọ Ọrụ Ndị Kraịst na Australian iji nweta ọrụ na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị gọọmenti etiti. Martyn Iles (Doherty 2018) meriri ya.

Ndị ACL na-ekwu na ha na-anọchite ọnụ ọgụgụ ka ukwuu nke echiche Ndị Kraịst na Australia. Nzukọ ahụ kwuru na ya nwere ndị otu 80,000 (ACL 2017). Ndị otu a na-ekwukarị ihe ndekọ ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị Australia na-arụ ụka na ebe ọ bụ na pasent iri isii na anọ nke ndị Australia na-agbaso Iso Christianityzọ Kraịst, ụkpụrụ Australia bụ Christian. ACL jisiri ike na-emetụta nsonaazụ n'ọtụtụ esemokwu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, a na-ejikọtakarị mkpọsa ha na-aga nke ọma na ndị otu okpukpe ndị ọzọ na-achọghị mgbanwe. Na 2008, otu a nyere ntinye aka megide iweghachite iwu euthanasia na Northern Territory (ACL 2008). Crosthwaite (2013) na-ekwu na ACL nyere aka n'ịgbatu iwu gbasara ikike mmadụ n'oge 2009 National Human Rights Consultation na-arụ ụka (n'ụzọ megidere nke nke Uniting, Katọlik na Anglịkan ụka) Australia agaghị "echekwa ya site na iwu na-agụpụta iwu kwadoro ikike mmadu nwere ”(Crosthwaite 2013: 8). N'ọtụtụ oge, ACL jisiri ike wepụ ihe ha chere dị ka ihe ngosi mmekọahụ na-akpali agụụ mmekọahụ ma ọ bụ ihe nkiri mgbasa ozi n'èzí, ọkachasị na ọkwa steeti (ACL 2011). Ndị otu a na-aga n'ihu itinye ntinye iji gbanwee iwu gbasara mgbasa ozi n'èzí gaa na Board Standards Board. Na 2010, Wallace nyere aka na-agba mbọ na-agba mbọ iji kwado usoro mmemme nke ụlọ akwụkwọ na ebumnuche nke nyochaa usoro ihe omume ahụ maka mmụba ego (Stephens 2010). Na 2011, Mịnịsta Ala Julia Gillard zutere ihe karịrị mmadụ iri abụọ sitere na chọọchị Ndị Kraịst na nzukọ nke ACL haziri, na-emesi ndị nnọchianya a ike na ọ na-akwado nnwere onwe okpukpe, ma na-emegide euthanasia na nwoke na nwanyị ịlụ (Shanahan 2011). Nzukọ na Wallace na ndị isi okpukpe ndị ọzọ na 2013, Gillard nyekwuru mmesi obi ike na mgbanwe gbanwere na iwu gbasara ikike mmadụ agaghị emetụta ikike nke ndị otu ụka iji họrọ ndị ọrụ dabere na okpukperechi, nwoke ma ọ bụ nwanyị (Maddox 2014: 137). N'oge ndu gọọmentị maka ntuli aka nke iwu nwoke na nwoke na nwoke na nwoke na nwanyị na 2012, ACL sooro ndị otu okpukperechi ndị ọzọ na gọọmentị nwere mkpali imegide ụgwọ ahụ. E meriri ụgwọ ahụ n'ụlọ omebe iwu site na 98-42, Wallace kwukwara na ndị Australia dị njikere ịga n'ihu na okwu a (Herald Sun 2012). Mgbalị ACL na-aga nke ọma, nke ha na-ejikọta na òtù okpukpe ndị ọzọ na-achọghị nchegharị, na-eduzi na nsogbu ndị dị ka ịlụso nwoke na nwanyị ọgụ, na-akwado maka "ikike" nwatakịrị maka inweta nne na nna nke nwoke na nwanyị, na-emegide akụkụ nke iwu ndi mmadu choro ikike nke nwere ike ibelata ikike nke ndi otu okpukpere chi ikpa oke anya n'okpukpe, mmekorita, ma obu nwoke.

NKWUKWU / EKPERE

ACL (2015) na-ekwu na otu a bụ "nondenominational" na "onye na-enweghị nkwekọrịta" na mgbalị ya. Ebumnuche ya bụ ịbata maka ichebe ụkpụrụ Ndị Kraịst n'akụkụ niile nke iwu ọha na eze na ọchịchị. Ndị otu na-anọchi anya Christian ntọala ha nhọrọ nke nsogbu na mkpọsa. Arụmụka ha kwadoro banyere ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị dabeere na echiche nke mkpa ọ dị ichebe ụkpụrụ Ndị Kraịst nke ha na-ele anya dị ka ihe egwu nke "ụmụ mmadụ na-achị ụwa." E si na United States mee ụkpụrụ ụkpụrụ ntọala na usoro nkwekọrịta dị na mbụ na Coalition Ndị Kraịst. N'okwu mmeghe ya na mmemme nke 1995, Gagliardi depụtara ụkpụrụ guzosiri ike na ndị ACL ga-etinye mgbasa ozi dị iche iche na mgbalị ndị na-eme mkpọtụ. Ọ kọwapụtara ọhụụ nke obodo Australia nwere nsogbu: "ihe ọjọọ na-enwe mmekọahụ rụrụ arụ, ebe ndị ntorobịa na-enweghị ebe obibi na igbu onwe ha, ịṅụ ọgwụ ọjọọ, ịṅụbiga mmanya ókè ... alụmdi na nwunye na mmebi ezinụlọ, ọdịiche dị n'etiti ndị ọgaranya na ndị ogbenye, ime ime ahụ, euthanasia, foto ndị gba ọtọ na primetime telivishọn "(Gagliardi 1995). Gagliardi (1995) na - echere nsogbu nsogbu nke Australia na-ekwu banyere ọbịbịa nke ụmụ mmadụ na 1960s: "okpukpe nke wepụrụ Chineke ... ma dochie mmadụ ... Ndị Kraịst na - ebi ndụ ugbu a site na 60s free-love, ihe ọ bụla na - aga, mmalite nke m na mbu. "Nkwupụta ya nke ụkpụrụ dịka usoro aghụghọ nke Ndị Kraịst na-eji eme ihe na United States. Ihe ngwọta maka nsogbu ndị a kọwara na okwu Gagliardi bụ nloghachi "ụkpụrụ Ndị Kraịst furu efu." N'ọtụtụ ụzọ, ACL emeela ọhụụ Gagliardi na ebe ọ bụ na 2001 ejirila okwu nkesa na-ekwu okwu n'ihu ọha. Ndị nnọchiteanya ALC emeela mgbalị iji wepụ ìgwè ahụ site na atụmatụ Ndị Kraịst.

Ọtụtụ ndị na-eje ozi n'ọchịchị ACL nwere njikọ maka ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke Australia: Liberal Party, National Party and Family Family Party (Maddox 2014: 140) na ngalaba ndị na-achọghị nchebe nke Australian Labor Party. Echiche ACL banyere nkwado akụ na ụba na-akwado nkwado ego na-efu. A na-ahụ mmekọrịta nke otu a maka azụmahịa na "ụlọ ọrụ azụmahịa," ọzụzụ nke azụmahịa na-enye kpọmkwem iji nyere ndị ahịa aka ... na njikọ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị "(Maddox 2014: 140). Maddox (2014) na-achota na ACL nabatara ihe ikekete n'ahịa efu na ịkatọ ụdị ndụ "nwoke na nwaanyị". otu ezinụlọ ma ọ bụ klas "(Maddox 2014: 142). Echiche ACL banyere alụmdi na nwunye dị ka ihe na-emekarị, usoro nkwadoro na-egosi na ha na-eme mgbanwe na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị. Dị ka ACL si kwuo, mmekọrịta nwoke na nwanyị idina nwoke na nwanyị idinaghị alụmdi na nwunye nwoke na nwanyị, ndị nwoke na-edina ụdị onwe ha ekwesịghị ịbụ nne na nna n'ihi na ha anaghị ejikọta ụmụ ha. N'ime otu okwu ya, Lyle Shelton ekwuola na ikwe ka ụmụ nwoke nwere mmasị nwoke na-azụ ụmụ ga - emepụta "ọhụụ" zuru oke n'ihi "iji nkà na ụzụ na-ekewa nwa site na nne na nna ya ka otu nwoke na nwanyị nwee ike ịghọta achọ inwe umu "(Swan 2013).

Ihe omume ACL na-emekarị gụnyere itinye aka n'ịgba mbọ, ịchọta ego, na ịmepụta akwụkwọ iji mee ka ndị Australia kwado echiche ya. Ndị otu a na-arụ ọrụ iji hụ na ọtụtụ ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na-enwe njikọ na nzukọ dịka o kwere mee, na-enwe ọkwa dịgasị iche. Nakwa izute onye mmeri na ime ka ọ gụọ ihe, ACL na-enyefe ndị kọmitii gọọmenti etiti ka ha jiri mmasị na-atụchite anya echiche ndị Australia. Òtù ahụ na-eweta ihe onwunwe maka ojiji na obodo iji kụziere ọha na eze banyere mkpọsa na nsogbu. Ruo 2012, o bipụtara magazin nke ọnwa, Echiche, nke a na-ekesa n'enweghị ihe ọ ga-efu iji nọrọ n'oche nzuko omeiwu ma nweta online maka nbudata n'efu. A kpọrọ ndị nzuko omeiwu dị iche iche ka ha dee maka magazin a, bụ nke e kesaara ndị nwe obodo na ụka. Òtù ahụ na-ezipụ ozi ịntanetị kwa izu na ndị òtù ma wepụta akụkọ kwa afọ kwa afọ. Ọ na-ejigide mmekọrịta mgbasa ozi mgbe niile site na ajụjụ ọnụ na mgbasa ozi mgbasa ozi oge. ACL na-arụsi ọrụ ike na mgbasa ozi ọha na eze ma na-emepụta podcast mgbe niile, a na-ezigakwara ndị òtù a debanyere aha ya. Ndị otu a na-aga ebe nrụọrụ weebụ nke ndị isi ACL na-ebipụta blọọgụ na mgbasa ozi na ha na-ahazi e-arịrịọ gbasara mmasị dị iche iche iji nye ndị nnọchiteanya nke steeti na ndị gọọmenti etiti. Nzukọ ahụ na-emepụta ma na-akwalite nchịkọta ozi maka ndị nhoputa ndi ochichi n'oge gọọmenti etiti ntuli aka na-atụle atumatu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na-achọ ịkọwa ebe ndị nnọchiteanya na-ekwu na ihe dị mkpa nye Ndị Kraịst.

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

ACL bụ otu nchịkọta na-abaghị uru nke e depụtara dị ka ụlọ ọrụ nke ụlọ ọrụ Australia ACL4kwere nkwa ma na-agba ọsọ site n'aka ndị isi nchịkwa. N'agbanyeghi na e guzobere ya site na megachurch COC (Christian Outreach Center) nke Australian Pentecostal, usoro nhazi nke ACL abụghị ụlọ ụka, ndị otu ahụ enweghịzi njikọ siri ike na chọọchị ahụ. Banyere 2016, Wallace bụ Onye isi oche nke Board. Wallace jere ozi na Australian Defense Force ruo afọ iri atọ na abụọ tupu ya ewere onye ndu nke ALC ma jide Onye otu Order of Australia maka ọrụ ndị agha ya na mgbochi iyi ọha egwu na SAS. N'ihe banyere 2016, ndị isi ụlọ ọrụ bụ: Mark Allaby, onye ndụmọdụ ndụmọdụ gbasara ọrụ ego; David Burr, onye ọka iwu gbasara azụmaahịa na onye ọchụnta ego; na Michelle Pearse, onye rụrụ ọrụ maka ngalaba ACL dị na Western Australia ozugbo ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na mahadum (ACL 2015). A họpụtara Lyle Shelton ka ọ bụrụ Onye isi nchịkwa na 2013; ọ rụrụ ọrụ dị ka onye ụkọchukwu ntorobịa Pentikọstal, onye nta akụkọ, na mbụ bụrụbu onye ndoro-ndoro maka ime obodo National Party na Chief of Staff to the Canberra ACL office. Tony McLellan na-eje ozi dị ka Onye isi ala Emeritus ma bụrụkwa onye isi na mbụ nke ndị otu Christian na-abụghị ndị gọọmentị na ụlọ ọrụ Felix Resources na-egwupụta kool bụ WHICH ONES (Maddox 2014: 135). Na 2018, Shelton gbadara dị ka isi nke Australian Christian Lobby ịchụso ọrụ na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị gọọmentị na Martyn Iles (Doherty 2018) nọchiri ya

ACL nwere ọrụ ọfịs na mpaghara na ógbè niile ma e wezụga South Australia ma jiri ọtụtụ ndị ahịa, ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, na nke nkwukọrịta. Maddox (2014: 134) na-ekwu na ACL na-anwa iji ndị mmadụ na-azụ ahịa na usoro ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị.

A na-akwado ACL site na onyinye sitere na ụlọ ọrụ na ndị mmadụ onwe ha, na-akwụ ụgwọ maka ịga mmemme pụrụ iche, na ego sitere na ndị na-akwado mgbasa ozi. Dika otu a abughi nke na-abaghi ​​uru, achoghi ikpughe aha nile nke ndi nyere onyinye na akuko ha na-eme kwa afọ. N'ihe gbasara 2012, iwu Australia chọrọ ka a mata onyinye onyinye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị karịrị $ 11, 900 (belụsọ na enyere site n'aka ndị ọzọ), na achọrọ otu a ka ha weghachite mmefu mmefu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na Australian Electoral Commission. A na-edebanye aha ACL na ndị ọrụ ebere na Australian na-abụghị maka uru dị ka nnukwu ọrụ ebere na ego ha na-enweta kwa afọ karịa $ 1,000,000 (ACNC 2015). Dabere na Report 2014 Director, ACL natara ego site na ọmụrụ nwa ($ 12, 853), onyinye ($ 2, 253, 724), ihe omume pụrụ iche ($ 81, 952), mgbasa ozi ($ 36, 702), na ego ndị ọzọ ($ 46, 405) ) nke nyere ACL ngụkọta ego ha na-enweta kwa afọ $ 2, 431, 636 (ACL Director's Report 2014: 16). Maddox (2014: 124) kwuru na ACL na-enweta onyinye sitere n'ọtụtụ ebe. MYOB software entrepreneur Craig Winkler, onye nyekwara aka na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na-agbanwe agbanwe akụkụ Family First, nyere $ 113, 238 na ACL na afọ 2007-2008 (Maddox 2014: 135). N'ime afọ ego 2010-2011, ACL natara $ 30, 000 site na Gloria Jeans Coffees International (ụlọ ọrụ nke ndị nwe ya na-aga megachurch Hillsong na Sydney); superannuation firm Christian Super nyere $ 13, 636; na $ 100, 000 nyere n'aka Neil Golding, onye nwere njikọ na ụlọ ọrụ ndị na-egwuputa ihe, ihe owuwu na ụlọ ala (Maddox 2014: 135). Ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ pasent iri na atọ nke onyinye ACL sitere na isi ụlọ ọrụ n'afọ ahụ. Ọ bụ ezie na onyinye ndị a na-anọchi anya obere akụkụ mmiri iyi ACL na-enweta kwa afọ, isi mmalite ndị a na-egosi na ọtụtụ azụmaahịa ndị a na-akwado ọnọdụ ACL (Maddox 2014: 135).

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Mmegide megide iwu nwoke na nwoke ịlụ nwoke na nwanyị ka na-abụ okwu na-adịte aka maka ACL na nkwupụta okwu gburugburu mkpọsa ndị a dọtara esemokwu. Ọtụtụ mkpọsa ACL na-eji asụsụ nke na-akwado nchebe nke ụkpụrụ ezinụlọ ma na-etinye nchegbu maka ilekọta ụmụaka n'etiti etiti arụmụka ha. N'Australia, enwere mmegide siri ike n'ọtụtụ ọnọdụ ACL kwuru n'okwu dịgasị iche iche, ndị isi na-adọta esemokwu mgbe ụfọdụ n'okwu, esemokwu, na ihe omume. Ọ bụ ezie na esemokwu ndị a pụtara na a na-atụba ACL na mgbasa ozi Australia na-adịghị mma (mgbe ụfọdụ dị ka homophobic, oge ochie ma ọ bụ na-amaghị nke ọma), nsonaazụ na-adịgide adịgide nke mgbasa ozi enyere site na ihe ndị a bụ na ACL yiri ka ọ na-ejikwa ya. Mmetụta dị na mpaghara ọha Australia karịa ka ọ ga-abụ n'ezie (Smith 2013).

N'oge ya dịka Onye Nchịkwa Na-achịkwa, Wallace mere ọtụtụ okwu na ndị ọchịchị na ndị isi obodo na-akatọ dị ka ndị na-amaghị. N'ụbọchị ANZAC na 2011 Wallace dere na Twitter: "Nanị olileanya na ka anyị na-echeta Ọrụmen na ndị inyom taa, anyị na-echeta Australia ha lụrụ ọgụ abụghị alụmdi na nwunye nwoke nwere mmasị nwoke na islam [sic]" (Benson 2011). Ọ rịọrọ mgbaghara na Twitter ngwa ngwa; Otú ọ dị, okwu ahụ nọgidere bụrụ isiokwu banyere nyocha mgbasa ozi maka ụbọchị ole na ole sochirinụ. Benson (2011) na-ekwu na saịtị ABC Religion and Ethics site na nkwurịta okwu Twitter nke ihe Wallace kwuru mere ka ACL nweta ọtụtụ mgbasa ozi site na ihe ahụ merenụ na ọnụọgụ ndị mmadụ na-agbaso akaụntụ Twitter nke Twitter ugboro atọ n'ụbọchị ụbọchị nkwupụta. ACL na-ejikarị okwu nkatọ siri ike na-ekwu na ịmepụta mgbasa ozi na mgbasa ozi. Ọtụtụ ebe nrụọrụ weebụ LGBTI nyere nzaghachi na-ezighị ezi na nkwupụta nke Wallace, ụfọdụ ndị ndú okpukpe jụkwara ihe nkwado Wallace megide Islam.

Onye isi oche ACL Queensland Wendy Francis eduzila ọtụtụ mkpọsa megide ihe ngosi mgbasa ozi n'èzí na steeti obodo ya, na-adọta nsogbu nke arụmụka ACL banyere mkpa ọ dị ichebe obodo, ya bụ ụmụaka, site na ihe oyiyi mmekọahụ. Na 2011, ọ gbara mbọ iji nweta otu mgbasa ozi ahụ ike ọha na eze (nke otu nwoke na-ejide onye ọzọ nwere akara condom nke a na-ahụ n'ime aka nke aka ya) wepụrụ site na ebe obibi ụgbọ ala ya na Brisbane CBD. E weghachitere onyinyo ahụ mgbe mkpesa obodo mere megide Francis 'ebubo na ọ bụ homophobia. N'ajụjụ ọnụ na Brisbane Times, Francis mere ka a mara mkpesa atọ ọzọ ọ kpara megide ihe oyiyi mgbasa ozi n'èzí: ihe mgbasa ozi maka "Condom" nke ụwa, "ọnụahịa ndị na-ere ngwaahịa na-adịghị mma, na mgbasa ozi maka usoro HBO telivishọn ezi Blood (nke na-egosi onyinyo nke ụmụ nwoke abụọ na-agbapụ na-adabere n'olu nwa agbọghọ). Francis kwusiri ike na ihe oyiyi ndị ahụ ekwesịghị ekwesị maka ụmụaka ịlele nakwa na mkparịta ụka gbasara mmekọahụ kwesịrị ime na ezinụlọ.

Na 2012, Prime Minista Julia Gillard kagburu ọdịdị ya ezubere na ogbako mba ACL mgbe Wallace rụrụ ụka n'oge arụmụka megide Greens Senator Christine Milne na ịbụ nwoke nwoke nwere mmasị nwoke belata afọ ndụ site na afọ iri abụọ (Packham 2012). Wallace kwuru na "Ndụ nke ndị na - ese anwụrụ ọkụ belatara site n'ihe dịka afọ asaa ruo afọ iri mana anyị na - agwa ụmụaka niile nọ n'ụlọ akwụkwọ na ha ekwesịghị ị smokeụ sịga… Anyị kwesịrị ịmara na ụdị idina ụdị onwe na - eburu nsogbu ndị a" (Packham 2012). N’ịkọwa mkpebi ya ịghara ịbịa nzukọ a, Gillard kwuru na “E nwere ọtụtụ echiche miri emi n’obodo n’obodo gbasara ịlụ nwoke ma ọ bụ nwanyị ibe ha mana ọ bụ ọrụ dịịrị ndị niile nọ na arụmụka a ịkwanyere ugwu na ịdị mkpa na ihe ọ bụla ọha na eze kwuru ha na-eme… Ekwenyere m na ụnyaahụ kwuru site Jim Wallace bụ mkparị. Iji tụnyere nsogbu ahụike nke ị healthụ sịga na ọtụtụ mgba ndị nwoke na nwanyị nwere mmasị nwanyị Australia na-atachiri na ọha mmadụ nke oge a bụ enweghị obi ebere na ihe ọjọọ. Ihe ahụ merenụ bụ ihe atụ nke ACL na-anwa iji nchegbu maka ahụike iji tinye otu echiche, na nke a, mmegide megide idina ụdị onwe.

Na 2014, Canberra Hyatt Hotel katọrọ maka ịnabata ogbako mba ACL. Mgbasa ozi Facebook nke akpọrọ "Hey Hyatt, akwadola ịkpọasị" megidere mkpebi ụlọ nkwari akụ ahụ ịnabata ogbako a maka "mkparị na iwe ọkụ" nke ACL na-eji na mkpọsa ya megide iwu agbamakwụkwọ mmekọ nwoke na nwoke. N’ozi mgbasa ozi, otu ọnụ na-ekwuchitere Hyatt kwuru na ụlọ nkwari akụ ahụ na-akwado ịha nhatanha alụmdi na nwunye nakwa na ụlọ nkwari akụ anaghị ekwenye mgbe niile na echiche nke ndị jiri ụlọ nkwari akụ ahụ dị ka ebe nzukọ, “Anyị anaghị akpa ókè na ndị chọrọ iji duzie azụmahịa iwu kwadoro na Hyatt hotels ”(Busby 2014). Bill Shorten, onye ndoro ndoro ndoro ochichi nke ndi ochichi, achoputakwara nsogbu ka owepu dika onye isi okwu na ogbako a. Agbanyeghị, Shorten ji okwu ya kwupụta nkwado ya maka iwu nwoke na nwoke ịlụ nwoke ma ọ bụ nwanyị ibe ya, na-ekwu "Mgbe m hụrụ ka ndị mmadụ na-ezo n'azụ Akwụkwọ Nsọ iji kparịa ndị mmadụ ma mee ka ha mata onye ha hụrụ n'anya, enweghị m ike ịgbachi nkịtị." ACL Onye isi nchịkwa Lyle Shelton kelere Shorten maka adreesị "n'ezoghị egwu na n'atụghị ụjọ" na ụbọchị ole na ole mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị mere nkwupụta ihu ọha na-agbachitere okwu okwu ACL mgbe ọ na-akọwa okwu Shorten dị ka "oke akara" na nghọta Ndị Kraịst Australia (Karvelas 2014).

N'October 2015, ACL kpọrọ maka usoro a na-emegbu onwe ya na ụlọ akwụkwọ Nchedo na ụlọ akwụkwọ na-edozi ụlọ akwụkwọ maka ụlọ akwụkwọ. Wendy Francis kwuru na usoro ihe omume ahụ "nwere ike imebi" ụmụaka, ACL kesara ọkwa ndị na-ekwu na usoro ihe omume ahụ "na-akwalite mgbakwasị ụkwụ, na-akụziri ụmụ akwụkwọ nwoke na nwanyị nwanyị ihe omume, na-agba ụmụaka ume ka ha jiri ụmụ agbọghọ ma ọ bụ ụmụ nwoke na-asa ịsa ahụ ma gbaa ụmụ agbọghọ ume ka ha kee ha n'obi "(Patridge 2015). Na February 2016, Lyle Shelton gara n'ihu ngosi panel ahụ Q na A ma sị "Echere m na ị nwere ike ịmegbu onwe gị n'enweghị eji ihe gbasara nwoke na nwanyị na-ese okwu, nke a na-ese okwu. Ndị dị ka Germaine Greer na òtù ndị nwanyị anaghị eso ya. "N'oge a, ACL malitere iji okwu ahụ bụ" echiche eke na egwurugwu "kọwaa nghọta ha banyere ozizi okike ma nọgide na-ekwu na" agbụrụ ntanetị "(ya bụ nkwado maka nsogbu na nchegbu LGBTI) na-emebi ụmụaka (ACL Media Release 2016). Ụlọ Akwụkwọ Ụlọ Nche ahụ nwere ntụle gọọmentị gọọmenti ma weghaara ụfọdụ ihe onwunwe n'ịntanetị. ACL na-aga n'ihu na-aga ebe nrụọrụ weebụ Ụlọ Nche na-egbochi ndị na-elekọta Ụlọ Nche na-eduga ndị ọrụ iji zipu ndị omeiwu nke obodo na ọnụego gọọmenti etiti na-ekwenye na mmemme nke usoro ihe omume ahụ.

Na 2016, onye nzuko omeiwu onwe onye nke Queensland Rob Pyne kwadoro ka ọ gbanwee iwu ime ime ahụ ma tinye ego abụọ nke, ma ọ bụrụ na a gafere, ga-edozi ime ahụ. ACL katara aka megide ụgwọ ndị ahụ, nweta akwụkwọ iri abụọ na puku anọ na e-ịrịọ arịrịọ n'ime izu abụọ (News.com.au 2016), na Wendy Francis zigara ndị ACL ndị na-agba ndị mmadụ ume ịga nzukọ na-emegide ego ndị dị na Brisbane n'èzí nzuko omeiwu (ACL 2017). Ọtụtụ puku ndị mmadụ gara "March for Life" na March 11, 2017 (Bowling 2017), nke a na-akwado ọtụtụ ụka ndị Kraịst, gụnyere ndị Katọlik na-eme mgbanwe na ndị Pentikọst. Aghachitere arụmụka ndị omeiwu banyere ụgwọ ndị a ruo mgbe etiti 2017 na-echere ihe ọmụma sitere na otu ndị ọkachamara ahụ ike (Caldwell 2016).

Na Disemba 21, 2016, a na-ebu gas na-ebu mmanụ n'ime ụlọ ọrụ ACL ACL5Canberra ma gbawaa. Lyle Shelton kwuru na na Radio National n'echi ya na "ọ maara na ọ bụ ozi na-emenye anyị egwu, ime ka anyị ghara ịgbachi nkịtị n'ihu ọha, nke ahụ bụ ihe anyị na-akwadobeghị ime" ( Karp na Jamieson 2016). Onye ọkwọ ụgbọala ahụ nọ n'ụlọ ọgwụ Canberra na-ebute ya n'ọkụ, e nyekwara onye uweojii aka mgbe ya na nwoke ahụ kwurịtara okwu, sị, "Ndị uweojii enwere ike ịmepụta ihe nwoke ahụ emeghị ka ọ bụrụ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, okpukpe ma ọ bụ n'echiche efu" (Karp na Jameison 2016) . Shelton kwupụtara nju okwu na nkwubi okwu a na Twitter, na-ekwu na ACL enwetawo ọtụtụ egwu egwu na egwu egwu (Karp na Jamieson 2016). Ọtụtụ ndị mmegide ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke ACL gosipụtara ọmịiko n'ebe ìgwè ahụ dị n'elu Twitter. Nnyocha nke ndị uweojii gọọmenti etiti ahụ kwubiri na njigbu ahụ abụwo mgbalị igbu onwe onye nke onye ọkwọ ụgbọala ahụ bụ onye ka na-enweta ọgwụgwọ ọrịa na ọrịa uche ruo ọnwa abụọ mgbe ihe ahụ gasịrị (The Guardian 2017). Shelton na-ekwusi ike na agha ahụ na-akwalite ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, na "Onye ahụ e boro ebubo maara na ọ na-ezube ọrụ anyị" (The Guardian 2017).

ACL na-anọgide na-alụ ọgụ na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị Australia. Iji ihe ha na-eji eme ihe na mgbasa ozi mgbasa ozi, nkwukọrịta ozi-e, na nchịkwa weebụ na-enye ha ikike ịzaghachi ngwa ngwa maka nhọrọ ha họọrọ. ACL egosiwo na oge ndị a na ha nwere ike kwenye ndị na-akwado ha ka ha bịa na-eme mkpesa, si otú a na-ebute mmegide ha karịa akwụkwọ mkpesa. Ihe ha na-eme mgbe nile n'arụmụka na-ebute nzube nke ịkwalite mgbasa ozi, na mgbe usoro ntanetị ha na-akwado nke a, ọhụụ nke Shelton na ngosipụta panel Q na A enweghi ike inye isi iyi egwu. Ọ bụ ezie na ACL adịghị emetụta mmetụta nhoputa ndi ochichi ọ bụla na steeti gọọmenti etiti, ọ na-enwe ihe ịga nke ọma n'igosi ihe ndị gbasara ọdịmma Ndị Kraịst na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị Australia. N'ụzọ dị ukwuu n'ihi ike ha nwere ike ịme esemokwu, ha yiri ka ọ na-esiwanye ike na mkparịta ụka ọha na eze banyere ihe ndị ha họọrọ.

Foto

Foto #1: Foto nke John Gagliardi.
Image #2: Foto nke Jim Wallace.
Image # 3: Foto nke Lyle Shelton.
Foto #4: Australian Christian Lobby logo.
Image #5: Foto nke ụlọ ọrụ ACL Canberra na-eso 2016 mgbawa.

References

Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2014. "Onye Nduzi Ndina Ndina Bill Shorten Na-eme ka otu nwoke na nwoke nwee mmekọahụ na alụmdi na Nwunye na-abanye n'ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri Australian," October 26. Nweta site na http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-10-25/bill-shorten-says-he-supports-same-sex-marriage/5841236 na 19 January 2016.

Akwụkwọ Ahịa nke Australian na Ndị Na-abaghị uru. 2015. Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. Viewed 19 January 2014. Available at <http://www.acnc.gov.au/RN52B75Q?ID=2DD34AB1-E89A-4443-B8FA-A2CD348E5DD9&noleft=1>.

Akwụkwọ Ahịa nke Australian na Ndị Na-abaghị uru. 2015. Nkwupụta Ozi Nchịkọta Kwa Afọ 2013. Nweta site na http://www.acnc.gov.au/AIS2013?ID=2DD34AB1-E89A-4443-B8FA-A2CD348E5DD9&noleft=1 na 19 January 2016.
Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. 2017. Banyere. Nweta site na http://www.acl.org.au/about/ na 10 April 2017.

Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. 2017. Brisbane March maka Ndụ. Nweta site na  http://www.acl.org.au/brisbane_march_for_life na 7 April 2017.

Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. 2016. ACL Onye Nchịkwa Na-achịkwa Lyle Shelton na Q na A kọwara Ihe Mere Ụlọ Akwụkwọ Na-ahụ Maka Nchekwa Maka Nne na Nna. Nweta site na https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GpQCBoblkeg na 7 April 2017.

Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. 2016. Kọmputa. Nweta site na http://www.acl.org.au/programs/compass/ na 19 January 2016.

Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. 2016. Egwuregwu Egwurugwu Council na-echegbu onwe ya maka ndị nne na nna nwere nchegbu banyere 'Idebe Ụlọ Akwụkwọ' Kwesịrị Ekwesị. Nweta site na http://www.acl.org.au/tags/gay_marriage 7 April 2017.

Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. 2014. Akuko Director. Nweta site na http://www.acnc.gov.au/RN52B75Q?ID=2DD34AB1-E89A-4443-B8FA-A2CD348E5DD9&noleft=1 na 19 January 2016.

Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. 2013. Akụkọ kwa afọ. Nweta site na http://www.acl.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/ACL_AnnualReport2013_WebVersion.pdf na 19 January 2016.

Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. 2011. Nzukọ Mgbasa Ozi Ụmụnna Mmadụ + nke ụmụ mmadụ na-enwe Mmezi, February 4. Nweta site na http://www.acl.org.au/2011/02/manwife4life-campaign-meeting-a-success/ na 19 January 2016.

Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. 2011. Mgbasa mgbasa ozi: Ndị mmadụ na-enweta mmeri na iwepụ nkwụsị Mgbasa ozi. Nweta site na http://www.acl.org.au/2011/05/mr-people-power-wins-in-removing-offending-ads/ na 31 May 2011.

Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. 2008. Ntinye aka na Kọmitii nke Iwu na Iwu nke Nchịkwa Banyere Ikike nke Ọrịa Na-adịghị Akwụsị (Euthanasia Laws Repeal) Bill 2008. Nweta site na http://www.acl.org.au/wp-content/uploads/080409-ACL-euthanasia-submission.pdf na 19 January 2016.

Ogbere obodo Australian Christian. 2009. Ntinye aka na mkparịta ụka nke Human Rights. Nweta site na http://www.acl.org.au/wp-content/uploads/090615-ACL-NHRC-submission.pdf na 12 August 2015.

Achịchị Ntulika nke Australia. 2015. Ihe mmefu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị laghachiri 2009-2010 Australian Christian Lobby. Nweta site na http://periodicdisclosures.aec.gov.au/PoliticalExpenditure.aspx?SubmissionID=24&ClientID=15605 na 19 January 2015.

Benson, Mkpanaka. 2011. "Jim Wallace na ANZAC Tweet Firestorm." Òtù Okpukpe na Ọdịdị Ahịa nke Australian Broadcasting. Nweta site na http://www.abc.net.au/religion/articles/2011/04/27/3201328.htm on
19 January 2016.

Bowling, Mark. 2017. "Ọtụtụ puku mmadụ na-aga n'okporo ámá Brisbane maka Iwu Mmepụta Mmegide." Onye ndu Katọlik, February 16. http://catholicleader.com.au/news/thousands-take-to-brisbane-streets-to-oppose-abortion-bills na 7 April 2017.

Busby, Nkeji. 2014. "Hyatt Hotel n'okpuru Nrụgide iji kagbuo Australian Christian n'ọnụ ụlọ ogbako Conference." Gay News Network, October 22. Nweta site na http://gaynewsnetwork.com.au/news/hyatt-hotel-under-pressure-to-cancel-australian-christian-lobby-conference-15454.html na 19 January 2016.

Caldwell Fiona. 2016. "Ime ime iji nọgide na Criminal Code na Queensland na 2016." Brisbane Times, December 4. 2016. Nweta site na http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/abortion-to-remain-in-the-criminal-code-in-queensland-in-2016-20161202-gt2itr.html na 7 April 2017.

Crosthwaite, Hugh. 2013. "Chọọchị, ACL na Nnyocha Mba Ndị Ruuru Mmadụ." Alt LJ. 38: 8-13.

Doherty, Ben. 2018. “Lyle Shelton hapụ Ọbịbịa Australian Christian ịbanye na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị. The Guardian, February 2. Nweta site na https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2018/feb/03/lyle-shelton-quits-australian-christian-lobby-to-enter-politics na 4 June 2018.

Francis, Wendy. 2015. "Ikike nke Ụmụaka Kwesịrị Isi Na-achịkwa Otu Mmekọahụ Mmekọahụ." Sunshine Coast kwa ụbọchị. April 1. Nweta site na http://www.sunshinecoastdaily.com.au/news/rights-of-children-should-rule-the-same-sex-debate/2593468/ na 7 April 2017.

Herald Sun. 2012. "Pọnji Ndị Kraịst na-anabata Ọlụlụ Ndị Ntorobịa," September 19. Nweta site na http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/breaking-news/christian-lobby-welcomes-gay-vote-defeat/story-e6frf7kf-1226477342475 na 19 January 2016.

Karp, Paul na Amber Jamieson. 2016. "Australian Christian Lobby Van Explosion Not Politically Motivated, Ndị uweojii na-ekwu." The Guardian, December 21. Nweta site na  https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2016/dec/21/australia-christian-lobby-van-crash-gas-cylinders-canberra na 7 April 2017.

Karvelas, Patricia. 2014. "Nkọwa nke Bill Shorten nke Ndị Kraịst nile nke Mark '.". Onye Australia, October 30. Nweta site na http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/bill-shortens-description-of-christians-wide-of-the-mark/news-story/fc9a1765ee4354616b9a38a76f9527f5 na 19 January 2016.

Leys, Nick. 2012. "Piaji Ndị Kraịst nke Slams asaa nke Ọchịchị Maka Nkwado Ịkwado! Mgbasa Ozi na Alụmdi na Nwunye Nwoke Na Nwaanyị Onye Australia, June 7. Nweta site na http://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/media/christian-lobby-slams-sevens-sunrise-for-supporting-getup-campaign-on-gay-marriage/story-e6frg996-1226386779432 on 19 January 2016.

Lloyd, Peter. 2013. "Olee otú Okpukpe Ndị Kraịst nke Australia si dị ike?" PM, May 22. Nweta site na http://www.abc.net.au/pm/content/2013/s3765154.htm na 19 January 2016.

Maddox, Marion. 2015. "Ịkwado Alaeze ahụ: Ọganihu na Ngbanwe na Nkwekọrịta Ọchịchị Na-agbanwe agbanwe." Pp. 49-74 na Okpukpe mgbe e nwechara ikike na Australia, nke Timothy Stanley bipụtara. Palgrave Macmillan: New York.

Maddox, Marion. 2005. Chineke N'okpuru Howard: Ibili Ezi Okpukpe na Ọchịchị Australia. Allen na Unwin: Crows Nest.

Maddox, Marion. 2014. "Ntube Ndị Kraịst na-eme ihe na-adịghị mma na Polity: The Australian Christian Shobby." Okpukpe Ọchịchị 15: 132-50.

McIlroy, Tom na Ben Westcott. 2014. "Hyatt Hotel na-agbachitere idebe akwụkwọ maka alụmdi na nwunye alụmdi na nwunye nke onye Australia." Oge Canberra, October 21. Nweta site na http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/hyatt-hotel-defends-booking-for-australian-christian-lobbys-antigay-marriage-conference-20141021-1196rn.html na 19 January 2016.

Moore, Tony. 2011. "Ònye bụ Wendy Francis?" Oge Brisbane, June 3. Nweta site na http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/who-is-wendy-francis-20110603-1fkbe.html na 19 January 2016.

News.com.au. 2016. "Pụrụ Iche Ndị Kraịst Na-agba Egwuregwu Na-agba Ọgụ," ka 25. Nweta site na http://www.news.com.au/national/breaking-news/christian-lobby-group-fights-abortion-bill/news-story/5f4fadf978d4c2b5494ab281abbc57aa na 7 April 2017.

Na Perth. 2015. ACL kwadoro Mgbasa Ozi Mgbasa Ozi maka imebi ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, May 25. Nweta site na http://www.outinperth.com/acl-launches-fundraising-campaign-to-lobby-politicians/ na 19 January 2016.

Packham, Ben. 2012. "PM Okwu ndi mmadu na - agwa ndi mmadu ka ha na - ekwu okwu banyere 'okwu njo'. Onye Australia, September. 6 Nabatara na http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/pm-cancels-speech-to-christian-lobby-after-offensive-gay-health-comment/story-fn59niix-1226466341750 na 19 January 2016.

Partridge. Emma. 2015. "Ụlọ ọrụ Australian Christian Lobby Slams Safe Schools Anti-bullying Programme." The Sydney Morning Herald, November 4. Nweta site na http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/australian-christian-lobby-slams-safe-schools-antibullying-program-20151103-gkq6gr.html na 7 May 2017.

Piggin, Stuart. 2012. Mmụọ, Okwu na Ụwa: Ọchịchị Evangelical na Australia. Acorn Press: Brunswick East.

Shanahan, Dennis. 2011. "Julia Gillard Na-agakwuru Ndị Kraịst Ndị Kraịst." Onye Australia, April 5. Nweta site na http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/julia-gillard-reaches-out-to-christian-leaders/story-fn59niix-1226033650529 na Jenụwarị 2016.

Stephens, Scott. 2010. "Onye Pụrụ Iche Na-eme Okwukwe Ya n'Ụlọ Akwụkwọ." Òtù Okpukpe na Ọdịdị Ahịa nke Australian Broadcasting, August 10. Nweta site na  http://www.abc.net.au/religion/articles/2010/08/10/2978228.htm na 19 January 2016.

Swan, Jonatan. 2013. "Senator Wong na-akatọ Ịgba Ọhụụ nke Ndị Kraịst nke Ndị Kraịst."

The Sydney Morning Herald, May 21. Nweta site na http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political news/senator-wong-condemns-christian-lobbys-stolen-generations-comment-20130521-2jyn3.html na 7 May 2017.

The Guardian. 2017. "Ndị uweojii na-ekwere na mgbawa N'èzí Australian Christian Paseeji Mgbalị Ntugbu, February 28. Nweta site na https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/mar/01/police-believe-explosion-outside-australian-christian-lobby-a-suicide-attempt na 7 May 2017.

The Sydney Morning Herald. 2012. "Ịṅụ Sịga Dị Mma Karịa Ịlụ Di na Nwunye," September 2. Nweta site na http://www.smh.com.au/national/smoking-healthier-than-gay-marriage-20120905-25eca.html na 19 January 2016.

Warhurst, John. 2014. "Ụlọ Paseeji nke Australian Christian agaghị agabiga." Eureka Street. Nweta site na http://www.eurekastreet.com.au/article.aspx?aeid=42235#.VFfyTRZuojM na 24 November 2014.

Warhurst, John. 2014. "Ntugide Otu na Nkuzi Ndoro-Ndoro ochichi ndi isi kwesiri imuta." The Sydney Morning Herald, October 29. Nweta site na http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-opinion/pressure-groups-and-the-lessons-political-leaders-should-learn-20141028-11dfwi na 19 January 2016.

Ụbọchị Post:
25 April 2017

Share