Nikola Pešić

Marina Abramovic


MARINA ABRAMOVIĆ MGBE

1946 (November 30): Marina Abramović mụrụ na Belgrade, Yugoslavia (Serbia ugbu a).

1965: Abramović malitere ọmụmụ ya na Academy of Visual Arts na Belgrade. Ọ gụkwara akwụkwọ esoteric, karịsịa HP Blavatsky, na akwụkwọ nke Mircea Eliade.

1974: Abramović rụrụ Ụdị 5 (na mbụ Kpakpando nke oku) na Student Cultural Center dị na Belgrade.

1975: Abramović zutere onye omenkà German Ulay, onye ya na ya biri wee rụọ ọrụ ruo 1988. Na nka ha, di na nwunye ahụ na-enyocha echiche ndị ọzọ banyere hermaphrodite.

1980/1981: Abramović na Ulay nọrọ ọnwa isii na mpụga Australia, na-ezute ndị Aborigine mpaghara.

1981: Abramović na Ulay malitere usoro ihe omume ha nke otu afọ Nightsea Na-agafe, bụ nke ha gosipụtara na ha nwere mmasị na "amamihe na-adịgide adịgide" dị ka isi ihe ọdịnala nke ọdịnala ime mmụọ na nke okpukpe dị iche iche.

1988: Abramović na Ulay kwụsịrị mmekọrịta ha. Abramović malitere imepụta Ntughari ihe jiri kristal na ihe ndọta, ndị nzube ha kwupụtara bụ inyere ndị na-ege ya ntị aka iru “ọkwa dị elu”.

1990: Abramović malitere ọrụ nkuzi ya (1990-2004) na ụlọ akwụkwọ mmuta dị iche iche na Europe. Ọ haziri ya Ihicha Houselọ ulo akwukwo, nke sitere na omume nke GI Gurdjieff bu onye Buddha vipassana ntụgharị uche, na ọdịnala ime mmụọ ndị ọzọ.

2010: Abramović rụrụ The Artist bụ ugbu na Museum of Modern Art na New York. Ọ nọdụrụ ala n'oche maka ọnwa abụọ na ọkara, na-akpọ ndị mmadụ ka ha nọdụ n'akụkụ ya ma soro ha nwee mkparịta ụka telepathic.

2012: Abramović gosipụtara na Milan ụdị mbụ ya Abrazọ Abramović, a syncretic usoro omume omume iji zụlite mmụọ.

2012/13: Abramović gara "njem ime mmụọ" na Brazil. Ọ zutere "dọkịta na-awa" mmụọ na mmụọ ime mmụọ John nke Chineke, onye zigara ya "ihe dị ugbu a" dị omimi iji nyere ya aka "bulie mmụọ mmadụ site na nka."

2014: Abramović rụrụ 512 Awa. N'ime oge iri isii na anọ, ọ nwara iwepụta "ugbu a" ya na ndị na-ege ntị site na mmemme dị iche iche.

2015: Abramović malitere ya "njem ụwa" na-akụzi Usoro Abramović, na-eweta ya na São Paulo, Sydney, na Athens.

2016: N'oge mkpọsa onye isi ala America, Abramović na-atụghị anya na ọ ghọrọ ndị aghụghọ na-agba izu ọjọọ na-ekwu na ọ bụ Setan.

2016: Abramović bipụtara akwụkwọ autobiographical ya, Na-agafe na Mgbidi: Ihe ncheta.

BIOGRAPHY

Marina Abramović (b. 1946) [Foto dị n'aka nri] bụ otu n'ime ndị ọsụ ụzọ mba nke arụmọrụ na nka. Ọrụ ya abụwo mgbe mgbe asugharia site na anya ochichi na nke ndi nwanyi, ebe enwechabeghi nkata nke oma banyere esotericism. Agbanyeghị, site na mbido, ọhụụ nke Abramović emetụtala New Age na ọnọdụ ime mmụọ ndị ọzọ "ọzọ". N'ime oge ya na onye ọrụ German aha ya bụ Ulay (Frank Uwe Laysiepen, b. 1943), ọrụ nchụso ndị a bịara bụrụ ihe ama ama. Mgbe e mesịrị na ọrụ ya, ọ bịara gosipụta ọrụ ngosi ya, nke gụnyere itinye aka nke ọha na eze, dịka ụdị omume ime mmụọ. O mechara mechaa Abrazọ Abramović, usoro mmekorita nke uche nke aru nke ndi soro ya, nke weputara ebe di iche iche dika New Age, onye isi ndi Armenia George Ivanovich Gurdjieff (1866? -1949), vipassana ntụgharị uche, Ime mmụọ nke Brazil, na ndị ọzọ.

A mụrụ Abramović na Belgrade, Yugoslavia (nke bụ Serbia ugbu a), na November 30, 1946, na ezinụlọ ndị isi Kọmunist. Ya na nne nne ya, onye kwenyere na Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Serbia nọ na nwata, nọrọ n'ụlọ nwata ya. Nwanne nwoke nke nne nne nne ya, Bishop Varnava Rosić (1880-1937), bụbu onye isi bishọp nke Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Serbian n'etiti 1930 na 1937. Na akwụkwọ banyere Abramović, tinyere na ederede nke onye na-ese ihe dere n'onwe ya, ekwuola na nne nwanne nna ya bụ Varnava abụrụla onye nsọ site na Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Serbian (Abramović 2004: 36; Stiles 2008: 42; Richards 2010: 42), mana ozi ahụ ezighi ezi. Đurić-Mišina (2009) ekwughị banyere canonization na nnukwu akụkọ ndụ ya nke Onyeisi Varnava. Agwara m Đurić-Mišina, ọ kwenyere na Varnava, onye dị mkpa n'akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Serbian, enweghị iti ma ọ bụ zite ya akwụkwọ. Abramović enweghị mmasị ọ bụla na Iso Christianityzọ Kraịst na Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Serbian, ma o yiri ka ọ na-enwe mmasị na echiche bụ na onye òtù ezinụlọ ya abụwo onye ndú ime mmụọ a ma ama.

N'oge nwata akwụkwọ ya (1965-1970), Abramović tinyere aka na ihe a ga-akpọ Yugoslav counterculture movement. Na 1968, o sonyere na ngagharị iwe ụmụ akwụkwọ, nke sitere na echiche nke New Left, mana n'oge na-adịghị anya, ndakpọ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị gwụrụ ya ike. N'aka nke ọzọ, dị ka ọtụtụ ndị ọgbọ ya, Abramović nwere nnukwu ịnụ ọkụ n'obi banyere ihe Gordan Djurdjevic kpọrọ "mgbaasị mgbaasị" na Yugoslavia nke 1970s (Djurdjevic 2013: 80). N'ihi mmetụta nne ya na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na ọdịbendị, Marina Abramović na nwanne ya nwoke bụ Velimir Abramović (b. 1952), onye bụ onye ama ama na New Age na-ede akwụkwọ na Serbia, nwere ụlọ ọba akwụkwọ nke ndị Belgrade ọgụgụ isi, ndị nwere akwụkwọ na akwụkwọ akụkọ dị mkpa. na esotericism bipụtara na Yugoslavia tupu ọhaneze. Enwekwara aha ndi edeputara ohuru na isiokwu a, dika akwukwo aka di iche iche nke anwansi nke onye dere akwukwo bu "hermeticist" otivorad Mihajlović Slavinski (b. 1937) (Djurdjevic 2013: 84-91). Dị ka onye na-ede akụkọ ya na-ekwu, Abramović nwekwara mmasị na akwụkwọ nke co-guzobere Theosophical Society, Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831-1891), na nke onye Romani na-akọ akụkọ ihe mere eme nke okpukpe Mircea Eliade (1907-1986) (Westcott 2010: 41) -42).

Mgbe ọ bịara na nka, Abramović masịrị onye omenkà German bụ Joseph Beuys (1921-1986), onye otu Anthroposophical Society, yana echiche ya banyere onye nka dịka "shaman" na "onye na-agwọ ọrịa" nke ọha mmadụ. Mgbe Beuys, ama ama n'oge ahụ, gara Belgrade na 1974 iji mee nkwupụta okwu n'oge ngosipụta nka III Eprel Mgbakọ na Student Cultural Center (SKC), onye na-eto eto bụ Abramović “gbara mbọ hụ na ya na ya nọ ọtụtụ oge ka o nwere ike” (Stokić 2014). N'aka nke ọzọ, ọtụtụ ụmụ akwụkwọ Yugoslav nke nwere aka ekpe New Left enweghị obi ụtọ na "preacher-shaman" Beuys na ngwakọta nke "mmụọ" na Marxism (Denegri 1996: 199; Lončarić 1974).

Beuys nọ na ndị na-ege ntị mgbe Abramović mere ya a ma ama Ụdị 5, na mbido aha ya Kpakpando nke oku (Jurčić 1974; Postolović.) 1974), n'oge III Eprel Mgbakọ na SKC [Foto dị n'aka nri]. Abramović jiri mmanụ ụgbọala rụọ ma jiri nnukwu osisi rụọ ihe n'ụdị ihe a ghọtara dị ka ndokwa (“Kpakpando nwere akara ise nke Socialism " na Serbian), akara nke ochichi. Abramović kpụrụ ntutu isi ya, mkpịsị aka ya na mkpịsị ụkwụ ya wee tụba ha n’ọkụ. Mgbe ahụ, ọ dinara na kpakpando ahụ na-enwu ọkụ, si otú a na-esepụta ọmarịcha ihe osise nke nwoke edere na pentagram, site n'akwụkwọ nke Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa (1486-1535) De occulta nkà ihe ọmụma (1533). N'ikpeazụ, ọ tụbọrọ n'ihi enweghị oxygen, ndị ọrụ ibe ya wee zọpụta ya n'ọkụ ahụ.

N'ajụjụ ọnụ e nyere n'oge na-adịghị anya mgbe arụmọrụ a gasịrị, Abramović kọwara onye nta akụkọ na ọdịdị nke ndokwa “Kwekọrọ na mmadụ, n'ihi na o nwere isi ihe ise dị ka mmadụ si eme ya.” O kwukwara na ya na-eji "ihe anwansi anwansi" (Jurčić 1974). Onye na-ede akụkọ akụkọ Abramović na-akọ na ọ họọrọ iche echiche ndokwa dị ka "pentagram nke anwansi" (Westcott 2010: 82). N'ụzọ na-akpali mmasị, njirimara yiri nke ndokwa ya na pentagram putara na Slavinski Ọmụmụ Ihe Omimi nke Ime Anwansi (1972), biputara dika Igodo nke Ime Anwansi (1973). Slavinski, onye dọtara uche na nkuzi nke Hermetic Order nke Golden Dawn (Djurdjevic 2013: 85-86), kọwara n'akwụkwọ ya ihe ọ kpọrọ Ritual nke Pentagram ma obu Petokraka, ebe ọ gwara ndị na-agụ ya ka ha jiri anya nke uche ha hụ ihe buru ibu ndokwa na-ere ọkụ na "ọkụ na-acha anụnụ anụnụ nke mmụọ na-acha ọkụ" (Slavinski 1973: 125).

Abramović jiri akara pentagram mee ihe nke ọma na ya Thomas egbugbere ọnụ (1975), rụrụ na Krinzinger Gallery na Innsbruck, Ọstrịa. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Ọrụ ahụ malitere site na "Oriri Nsọ," nke ọ na-anọdụ ala ọtọ na tebụl, rie otu iko mmanụ a honeyụ, drankụọ otu karama mmanya uhie. Mgbe ahụ, ọ sere pentagram a na-agbanwe agbanwe na foto nke Thomas Lips, nwa okorobịa Switzerland ọ chọrọ ịrata (Stokić 2008: 42-44), belata pentagram a na-agbanwe na afọ ya na agụba, na-ese onwe ya ruo mgbe ọ malitere ịwụfu ọbara, n'ikpeazụ “kpọgidere ya n'obe" n'elu obe e ji akpụrụ mmiri mee.

N'ọtụtụ ederede ederede Bekee na Abramović, akara akara kpakpando ejiri mee ihe na n'afọ iri na ụma 5 na Thomas egbugbere ọnụ ka asughariri dika ndokwa, ya bụ kpakpando ise ahụ akọwapụtara nke Socialism, yana iji ya dị ka "nkatọ mmegbu nke Socialism" (Richards 2010: 12). Agbanyeghị, akwụkwọ akụkọ pịa akụkọ Yugoslavia n'oge ahụ gosipụtara na ọtụtụ n'ime ndị nkatọ na-eto eto nwere nkenke na nyocha ha banyere Ụdị 5 (Jurčić 1974; Postolović 1974), na Youngtù Ndị Ọchịchị Kọmunist nke Yugoslavia (SKOJ) nyere Abramović ihe nrite maka ọrụ ya (na 1975). Nkwupụta ọzọ na-ezighi ezi anyị na-ahụ na ụfọdụ akwụkwọ banyere Abramović na Bekee bụ na ọ na-ada ụda na arụmọrụ na-egbu mgbu sitere na ọdịnala Christian Christian nke Serbian (Stokić 2010: 25; Biesenbach 2010: 16). Nkwupụta ndị a na-anọchi anya nkọwa na-enweghị akọ na nkatọ banyere akụkọ nke Abramović n'onwe ya, nke a na-ejikarị eme ihe maka "ire" ya na West dị ka ngwaahịa nka sitere na Balkans nwere echiche abụọ "Communist" na "Ọtọdọks Christian" (na Abramović's "Balkanization, ”Lee Avgita 2012).

N'ezie, ojiji Abramović ji akara Ndị Kraịst na ihe omimi dị iche iche nwere ike nweta mmụọ sitere na akwụkwọ esoteric, gụnyere Slavinski Igodo nke Ime Anwansi. Slavinski dere banyere akara anwansi abụọ dị ike, obe na pentagram ma ọ bụ ndokwa, ha abụọ nọkwa na ya Thomas egbugbere ọnụ. Slavinski dọrọ ndị na-agụ ya aka na ntị ka ha ghara ịchọpụta obe na Iso Christianityzọ Kraịst, n'ihi na ejiri ya dị ka akara ngosi dị ike na anwansi kemgbe oge Egypt oge ochie, ihe karịrị afọ 4,000 gara aga, ogologo oge tupu Jizọs Kraịst (Slavinski 1973: 30). Abramović, si otú a, jiri akara nke obe na pentagram ma ọ bụ ndokwa na arụmọrụ nke enweghị ihe jikọrọ ya na Iso Christianityzọ Kraịst, Ọtọdọks ma ọ bụ ọzọ. Thomas egbugbere ọnụ raara nye nwa okoro o choro ka o rapu site na ihe nke apuru ikwuputa dika anwansi.

Na 1975, Abramović zutere onye omenka onye German bụ Ulay, onye ya na ya ga-ebikọ ma rụọ ọrụ rue 1988. Tupu ya ezute Abramović, Ulay nọ na-eme onwe ya eserese nke eji akwa dịka ọkara nwoke na ọkara nwanyị, ya bụ dị ka Hermaphrodite, dị ka aha otu n'ime foto ya si 1973 tụrụ aro. Mgbe ndị na-ese ihe abụọ ahụ hụrụ n'anya, ha gara n'ihu na-enyocha echiche nke hermaphrodite na ọrụ nkwonkwo ha. Eziokwu ahụ bụ na ha abụọ mụrụ ụbọchị ọmụmụ ha n'otu ụbọchị (Nọvemba 30) so mee ka ha kwenye na ha na-anọchite anya otu ihe zuru oke nke ụkpụrụ abụọ na-emegiderịta onwe ha, nwoke na nwanyị. Ha nyochara echiche alchemical nke hermaphrodite na usoro ihe omume nke ha na-agba oso ibe ha ma na-adagide na oke oso (Njikọ na Space 1976), ma obu jiri otutu oge jikọta ntutu ogologo ha ọnụ (Njikọ na Oge 1977). [Foto dị n'aka nri] N'otu mkparịta ụka site n'oge ahụ, Abramović kwuru, sị: "Echere m na mmadụ zuru oke bụ hermaphrodite, n'ihi na ọ bụ ọkara nwoke, ọkara nwanyị, mana ọ bụ ụwa zuru oke" (Kontova 1978: 43).

Na 1980/1981, ndị ọrụ nka abụọ nọrọ ọnwa isii na mpụga Australia. Ha zutere ndị Aborigine nke obodo, nke mere ka ihe ochie Abramović nweghachi mmasị na nkọwa Eliade banyere ndị ọkachamara na ememe ha. N'oge a, di na nwunye ahụ nyefere onwe ha hypnosis, mụọ Buddha, ma gaa India ịbanye na ya vipassana ntụgharị uche na-alaghachi. Omume ime mmụọ ha gosipụtara n'usoro ihe ngosi iri abụọ na abụọ a kpọrọ Nightsea na-agafe (1981-1987), haziri n’ulo ngosi ihe mgbe ochie n’uwa nile. Omume dị n'etiti otu ụbọchị na ụbọchị iri na isii, n'oge awa ọrụ nke ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie, ma mgbe ụfọdụ ọ na-achọ oke ahụ. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, Abramović na Ulay ga-anọdụ ala na-enweghị ntụpọ na ngwụcha isi tebụl, na-ele ibe ha anya. Iji nwetakwuo ohere maka ụdị ihe ọmụma pụrụ iche nke esoteric ha na-atụ anya inweta site na arụmọrụ ndị a, Abramović na Ulay zeere nri, nke na-emetụta ahụike ha mgbe ụfọdụ, ọkachasị ndị Ulay.

Di na nwunye ahụ kwuru na Nightsea na-agafe bụ ihe si na mmalite ha pụta na amamihe Aboriginal Australia. Otú ọ dị, ihe ha na-eme yiri nnọọ usoro eji eme ihe vipassana ntụgharị uche. Aha ya n’onwe ya na-ezo aka na echiche nke “Nachtmeerfahrt” nke onye ọka mmụta psychoanalyst Switzerland bụ Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) ji kọwaa usoro amaba n’ime mmiri n’amaghị ama, “oke osimiri abalị” (Kuhlman 2009: 148). Na otu mbipute nke Nightsea na-agafe, akpọ aha Njikọ, ndị ọrụ nka abụọ kpọrọ otu onye Aborigine nke Australia na otu Tibetan lama, bụ ndị ha lere anya dị ka ndị nnọchianya nke esoteric ọmụma na-abụghị nke Western nke telepathy na echiche mgbakwunye (Baas na Jacob 2004: 188), ka ha na ha nọdụ gburugburu nnukwu okpokoro okirikiri. eji ọla edo ekpuchi ya. Aha nke arụmọrụ a rụtụrụ aka na echiche alchemical nke coniunctio onye mmegide, njikọ nke ndị dị iche, dị ka Jung kọwara n'akwụkwọ ya Mysterium Coniunctionis (Schloen 2006: 224). Jung dere nke ahụ na alchemy nkwekọrịta A na-egosikarị ya na okwu abụọ (dịka nwoke na nwanyị), wee mechaa chukwunonso, ma ọ bụ njikọta n’etiti ihe anọ, mgbe ụfọdụ a na-anọchi anya ka “ịnọdụ ala” gburugburu tebụl okirikiri (Jung 1971 [1955]: 23). Na Abramović na Ulay's Njikọ, ihe niile gosiri mkpa ọnụọgụ anọ. Mmadụ anọ nọdụrụ ọdụ na tebụl, nke dayamita ya dị mita anọ, nke a na-ahụ anya nke sitere n'akụkụ anọ (ma emesịa gosipụtagoro nkewa n'akụkụ); arụmọrụ a were ụbọchị anọ, kwa ụbọchị maka awa anọ. Njikọ enwere ike iwere dị ka nsonaazụ nke ụdị Abramović na Ulay nke ọhụụ ọhụụ perennial amamihe, ma ọ bụ ịchọ isi okwu a na-ahụkarị nke usoro okpukpe na nke mmụọ dị iche iche: shamanism, Buddhism, alchemy, esoteric Jungian psychology, wdg.

Mgbe ya na Ulay gbasasiri na 1988, Abramović nọgidere na-arụ ọrụ dịka onye na-ese ihe nkiri. N'ịga ije na steepụ nke Beuys, ọ bịara na-egosiwanye nka ya dịka ụdị nkuzi na omume mmụọ nke ga-emecha gbanwee ọha mmadụ, "ihe osise mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya." Mgbe ị gagharịchara ndị Aborigine nke Australia, ndị ọkachamara nke Brazil, ọdịbendị ndị Eshia dị iche iche na vipassana nloghachi (nke ọ masịrị ịkpọ "monasteries"), Abramović lere onwe ya anya na amamihe nke ọdịnala ndị na-abụghị Western. N'ajụjụ ọnụ a, ọ sịrị: “Ana m ahụ onwe m dị ka akwa mmiri na-aga East iji nweta ihe ọmụma na ịga West iji nyefee ya n'ụdị arụmọrụ. Ndị mmadụ anaghị aga n’ụlọ arụsị. Ha na-aga ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie. Na m ịrụ ọrụ nwere ike ịbụ nnukwu ngwá ọrụ iji mepụta ụdị ikpo okwu maka ụdị ahụmịhe ahụ ”(Abramović 2008: 25).

Ihe mbụ Abramović mere iji gosipụta nka ya dịka ikpo okwu maka ahụmịhe ime mmụọ bụ ịkpọ ndị ọha na eze ka ha “rụọ” site na iji ya Ihe na-agafe agafe. Ihe ndị a dị ka arịa ụlọ, nke ọ na-emepụta kemgbe 1988, na-emekarị site na iji kristal, ọla kọpa, ma ọ bụ nju, ihe ndị, dị ka Abramović si kwuo, na-enye "ike" nwere ike ịgwọ ma ọ bụ gbanwee mmụọ ọrụ. Abramović na-akpọ ndị obodo ya ka ha nọdụ ala, guzo ma ọ bụ dinara na ihe ngosi ahụ Ihe na-agafe agafe, anya mechiri emechi, na-emegharịghị anya, n'ụzọ yiri nke a na-eme vipassana ntụgharị uche [Foto dị n'aka nri]. Dabere na Abramović, nzube ya Ihe na-agafe agafe bụ inyere ndị na-eso ụzọ ya aka na mmepe ime mmụọ ha. Mgbe ụmụ mmadụ ga-erute mgbanwe ime mmụọ a na-achọ, ọ dịghị ihe ga-adị mkpa, ọ bụ ya mere o ji kpọọ ha “ndị na-agaghị agafe agafe.” Abramović gosipụtara ọrụ ya na Ihe na-agafe agafe naanị dị ka akụkụ mbụ na ngbanwe ime mmụọ nke ndị na-ege ya ntị. Ihe mgbaru ọsọ ikpeazụ bụ iru "ọkwa dị elu" nke ga-enyere ndị na-ege ntị aka ịnata echiche na "ike" kpọmkwem site na ya, site na telepathy (Art Meets Science 2013).

N'oge ọrụ nkuzi ya na ụlọ akwụkwọ mmuta dị iche iche na Europe (1990-2004), Abramović na-ahaziri ụmụ akwụkwọ ya ọzụzụ pụrụ iche, nke a na-akpọ Ihicha Houselọ. Thelọ ahụ bụ ihe atụ maka ahụ, nke, dị ka Abramović si kwuo, ọ dị mkpa ka ọ dị ọcha tupu nwa akwụkwọ enwee ike ịme ihe ọ bụla dị egwu. Otú ọ dị, ihe mgbaru ọsọ ikpeazụ nke ebe a abụghị naanị nkà. Abramović mere ọtụtụ ụmụ akwụkwọ ahọpụtara ahọpụtara “na-anwa ịpụpụ ectoplasmic” mgbe ha nọ ọdụ ma na-ele ibe ha anya, na-agagharị ma ọ bụ na-ekwu okwu ogologo oge (Drinkall 2005: 227). Ihicha Houselọ includedlọ ọrụ gụnyere Abramović na ụmụ akwụkwọ ya anaghị eri nri ma ghara ikwu okwu ruo ụbọchị ise ma ọ bụ karịa, ka ha na-emega ahụ dị iche iche. Omume ụfọdụ sitere n'ike mmụọ nsọ GI Gurdjieff, ma ọ bụ "nnukwu onye nkụzi Russia," dị ka Abramović kpọrọ ya. N'ime ya Kwụsị na Mgbatị Mgbatị, nke na-ekwughachi ndị ama ama Kwụsị Mgbatị nke Gurdjieff kere, Abramović ga-enyo enyo n'ihu ihu onye mmụta. Mgbalị nwa akwụkwọ ahụ abụghị ịgbanwe ọdịdị ihu n'oge ahụ.

Abramović gosipụtara ụfọdụ omume ọ mụtara n'oge ọ na-alaghachi na India, dị ka onye na-adịghị Motion mmega, ebee A gwara ụmụ akwụkwọ ka ha gaa nwayọ nwayọ ka ha na-eme ihe ha na-eme kwa ụbọchị. Na mmega ọzọ, Inggụta Osikapa, E nyere ụmụ akwụkwọ ikpo osikapa na-emeghị nke ọma na agwakọta lentil, yana ọrụ iji kewaa ọka ma gụọ ha, nke na-ewekarị ọtụtụ awa [Image na nri].

N'oge nlegharị anya na New York's Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), Abramović bu ụzọ nwaa igosipụta nka ya dị ka ụdị telepathy, na arụmọrụ a kpọrọ The Artist bụ ugbu (2010). O kwuputara na ya ga-anọ nwayọ n'oche maka ọnwa abụọ na ọkara, ụbọchị isii n'izu, site na mmeghe na mmechi nke ụlọ ihe ngosi nka. A kpọrọ ndị na-ege ntị ka ha nọrọ ọdụ n'otu n'otu n'oche efu na-agafe Abramović ma soro ya kwurịta okwu na-enweghị isi. Omume Abramović dọtara ihe karịrị ọkara nde mmadụ, ihe ngosi ahụ wee bụrụ ngosipụta kachasị eleta nke nka na ụwa n'oge ahụ (The Art Newspaper 2011). Maka ụfọdụ ndị ọbịa, ahụmahụ a nke ịnọdụ ala na iso Abramović na-elekọ anya nwere mmetụta dị egwu: ha bere ákwá ma malite ịkpa àgwà mmetụta uche. Ndi foto nke onye Italy bu Marco Anelli sere foto ndi ahu ndi no na 1,545 no na foto ha ozugbo edeputara na ntaneti. Otú ọ dị, ihu nke ndị kwara ákwá dọtara mmasị ndị mmadụ karịsịa, n'oge na-adịghịkwa anya, Abramović ghọrọ onye a ma ama na nkà mmụta ihe omume zuru ụwa ọnụ bụ́ onye kwesịrị inwe ikike ịgwọ ọrịa nke “ọgụgụ uche”.

Mgbe nnukwu ihe ịga nke ọma nke The Artist bụ ugbu, Abramović kpebiri na oge eruola ka ọ chepụta ụzọ nke ya iji kụziere ọnọdụ ime mmụọ site na arụmọrụ. Ọ kpọrọ ya nanị Abrazọ Abramović. Ebumnuche nke Usoro Abramović bụ uto onwe onye, ​​ma ọ bụ "na-arụ ọrụ n'onwe ya" site na ịme mmega ahụ dị iche iche. Nke a na-ekwughachi ndị isi esoteric dịka Anthroposophy's Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925), ma ọ bụ Gurdjieff, na usoro ọzụzụ ha. Usoro Abramović agabigala ọtụtụ mgbanwe n'oge afọ. Otú ọ dị, ebumnuche bụ isi yiri ka ọ dị otu: ọ bụ ọgwụgwọ anụ ahụ na nke ime mmụọ nke ndị Western oge a, ndị na-enweghị oge iji nọrọ ugbu a ma soro Onye Inner, ma ọ bụ Elu, Selves.

Uzo nke Abramović nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu site na mkparịta ụka nke ndị na-ese ihe na ndị na-ajụ ase, ndị dibịa na ndị na-agwọ ọrịa dị iche iche Brazil na 2012/2013. Otu n'ime ndị nkụzi kachasị mkpa Abramović zutere e nwere "John nke Chineke" (João de Deus, João Teixeira de Faria, b. 1942), onye ama ama “dibia” na ndi dibia. Dị ka akọwara ya Akwụkwọ akụkọ Brazil (Abramović 2014: 73-100), na kwa na akwukwo, Oghere dị n'etiti: Marina Abramović na Brazil (2016), Abramović nyeere John nke Chineke aka ọtụtụ n'ime arụmụka "ịwa ahụ a na-ahụ anya," nke ejiri mma kichin rụọ ọrụ na enweghị nrịanwụrụ. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Na mgbakwunye na "ịwa ahụ a na-ahụ anya" enwerekwa "ịwa ahụ a na-adịghị ahụ anya," bụ nke a kwenyere na ọ ga-eme site na enyemaka nke "ihe dị ugbu a" dị omimi nke na-esite na John nke ụlọ ọrụ ọgwụgwọ Chineke ebe ndị ọrịa nọ ọdụ ma na-atụgharị uche. Nke a "ugbu a" ka a na-akpọ John nke Chineke na ndị ọzọ na-ajụ ase (Rocha 2017). A nabatara Abramović nke ọma na ndị na-ajụ ase ka enyere John nke Chineke aka n'ịwa ahụ na ozi ya. N'ime ya Akwụkwọ akụkọ Brazil, Abramović kwuru na John nke Chineke nyefere ya "ike" iji nyere ya aka "bulie nghọta mmadụ site na nka" (Abramović 2014: 77). Enyere ya otu n'ime oche oche pụrụ iche dị nso na John nke "ocheeze" Chineke, n'etiti ndị ọzọ na-ajụ mmụọ nọ n'ebe ahụ "iji nye ike" (Abramović 2014: 78).

Na 2014, mgbe ọ laghachiri na Brazil, Abramović haziri ọrụ ya ọzọ na London, akpọrọ 512 Awa. N’ime ụbọchị iri isii na anọ nke ihe ngosi ahụ, ya na mmadụ ole na ole n’ime ndị na-enyere ya aka zụrụ azụ na ebe ahụ, malite n’ụtụtụ rue anyasị. e chere na ha na ihe omimi "ugbu a" site na kọntaktị ha na ndị na-ege ntị, dị ka a mara ọkwa na katalọgụ nke arụmọrụ (O'Brien 2014: 16). Abramović na ndị na-enyere ya aka jiri nwayọ nwayọ gwa onye ọ bụla bịara ileta ka ha mechie anya ha, ma "nọrọ ugbu a," ka ha na-edu ha n'aka na ebe a na-ese ihe ma na-agwa ha ihe ha ga-eme na-esote Abramović na ndị na-enyere ya aka tụkwara aka ha. reiki-like ”na ndị ọbịa ahụ azụ [Foto dị n’aka nri], dị ka a ga-asị na ha na-achịkwa ụdị“ ike. ” Ihe ndị emere na ngosi ahụ abụghị otu ụbọchị iri isii na anọ ahụ, dịka Abramović nyochara ịchọpụta nke mmega ahụ mepụtara “ike” karịa ebe ahụ. E mechara tinye ụfọdụ n'ime omume ndị a na nsụgharị ọhụrụ nke Usoro Abramović nke e gosipụtara na São Paolo (2015), Sydney (2015), na Athens (2016). N'ime ụdị ọhụrụ ndị a nke Usoro ya, Abramović webatara ụfọdụ mmemme ahụ site na Ihicha Houselọ omumuihe omumu ihe kwuru tupu.

Abrazọ Abramović ka na-agbanwe agbanwe mgbe niile. Ọ bụ ọrụ na-aga n'ihu. Na isi ya, ọ bụ ahụmịhe ọhụụ nke oge a maka "ịgbanwe mmụọ" na "ịrụ ọrụ n'onwe ya," nke egosiri na ọrụ nka. Maka Marina Abramović, arụmọrụ abụghị naanị ụdị nka nke ndị omenkà mere: ọ bụ omume dabara maka ndị niile chọrọ ịga n'ihu na mmepe ime mmụọ ha.

N'ime oge mkpọsa onye isi ala America nke 2016, Abramović ghọrọ ihe a na-atụghị anya ya na ọ bụ isi okwu aghụghọ nke ndị dere ya kwuru na onye omenkà Serbia bụ onye Satanist. N'ime ọtụtụ ozi ịntanetị John Podesta, onye njikwa mkpọsa nke Hillary Clinton, nke Wikileaks bipụtara, otu sitere na Abramović. Ọ kpọrọ nwanne John Podesta, onye nchịkọta ihe nka Tony Podesta, ka ọ gaa “nri mmụọ nke mmụọ,” wee jụọ ma John Podesta ọ chọkwara isonye na mmemme ahụ. Tony Podesta zigaara nwanne ya ozi email a, emesịa mechara zute ozi ịntanetị hacked. Otu dị iche iche nke aka nri na ndị na-agba izu nzuzo na-achọgharị ozugbo na forntanetị maka okwu "nri mmụọ," wee chọta "ihe akaebe" na Abramović bụ n'ezie onye ndu nke otu nzuzo nzuzo satan nke metụtara ọtụtụ ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị Washington. Ihe ha hụrụ n'ezie bụ vidiyo ochie nke onye na-ese ihe na-akwadebe echichi ya Nri nke Mmụọ na Ihe Ike (1997) na veranda a kpọrọ Zerynthia na Paliano, Italy. N'ezie, vidiyo a abụghị maka ndị nwere afọ na-adịghị ike: iji nnukwu ahịhịa tinye n'ime akpa jupụtara n'ọbara ezi ọbara, Abramović na-ede ederede dị iche iche a na-akpọ Nri Mmụọ na mgbidi nke gallery. Mgbe ahụ, ọ na-edebe ọtụtụ ihe oyiyi yiri mmadụ, nke ọ na-akpọ Ihe Ike, na akuku gallery, ma fesa ha ọbara.

Ikekwe ọ bụghị ihe ijuanya na ihe nkiri ndị dị otú ahụ pụrụ iyi ụfọdụ nke “Setan”. Otú ọ dị, ndị Ihe Ike sitere na kandụl anthropomorphic eji mee ihe na Hoodoo na mmekọrịta ndị ọzọ metụtara mmekọrịta mmekọrịta Afro-America, nke a na-egosikwa na-ezighi ezi na mgbasa ozi ọdịda anyanwụ dịka "anwansi ojii" ma ọ bụ "ofufe Setan." Na mbido, Nri Mmụọ bụ nchịkọta nke “uri efu na-enweghị isi” nke Abramovi “ma ọ bụ“ akwụkwọ nri ”nke nwere“ akwụkwọ nri aphrodisiac, ”nke sochiri pọtụfoliyo ya nke etchings nke emepụtara na 1996.“ Ntụziaka ”ndị a nwere ihe ndị na-adịghị ahụkebe dịka ọbara, spam, ma ọ bụ mamịrị, O mechara jiri ya ya Nri Mmụọ abu na ndi ozo Ihe Ike, dị ka akọwara n'elu, kamakwa n'ụdị "akwụkwọ nri" eccentric nke enyere ndị ahịa nke ụlọ oriri na ọ Parkụ Newụ New York, Park Avenue Winter, onye nyere ihe eji megharịa ọnụ nke akpọrọ "Volcano Flambé" nke Abramović chepụtara na 2011. Dị ka Abramović si kwuo, ọ bụ ụdị ahụmahụ gastronomic a, mgbe ọ bụla "nri abalị" ọ bụla, ọ na-ebu n'uche mgbe ọ zigara ya akwụkwọ ịkpọ oku mara mma "nri nri mmụọ nke mmụọ na ebe ya" (Russeth 2016).

Ndị na-akọ izu ọjọọ anabataghị nkọwa a. Eziokwu ahụ bụ na Abramović na-akuzikwara ya hodzọ pop-star Lady Gaga, nakwa na ya na onye egwu egwu Jay Z gbara egwu, ha abụọ kwenyere na ha na-etinye aka na gọọmentị nzuzo nke "Illuminati," na-agbakwunye mmanụ ọkụ. Ekwesiri ịgbakwunye na Abramović ejiri anwansi na-egwu egwu ma eleghị anya ihe nnọchianya Setan mgbe ọ na-ese foto-foto maka mbipụta Ukraine Ewu ewu na 2014. [Foto dị n'aka nri] Otu foto gosiri ya ka ọ na-ejide isi ewu, nke a na-anọchi anya na Sigil nke Baphomet, onye sitere na sistemụ anwansi nke Éliphas Lévi (1810-1875) abụghị nke Setan kama na emechara ka ejiri ya ihe nnọchianya nke Chọọchị Setan. Foto ọzọ na-egosi ya ka ọ kwụ n'azụ ozu "igbu anụ", dịka ụdị onye ụkọchukwu na-adịghị mma. Agbanyeghị, ọ nweghị ihe akaebe na Abramović bụ onye Ekwensu n'eziokwu. Dị ka Massimo Introvigne si kwuo, “mmadụ kwesịrị ife ofufe onye a kpọrọ Ekwensu ma ọ bụ Setan n’ime Bible” iji kọwaa dị ka onye na-efe Setan. Abramović enweghị ebumnuche ọ bụla iji fee Setan ofufe, kama ọ na-eji akara ngosi ụfọdụ nke ndị Setan na ndị otu mgbaasị ndị ọzọ na-abụghị Setanist mee ihe, n'ọnọdụ dị iche na mgbe "n'ụzọ dị egwu" (Introvigne 2016).

Otu mmetụta a na-atụghị anya ya nke mwakpo ndị na-agba izu ọjọọ megide Abramović bụ ịkwalite ahịa nke akwụkwọ akụkọ autobiographic ya Ije Ije na Mgbidi (Abramović 2016). Edere akwụkwọ a tupu esemokwu nke mkpọsa onye isi ala nke US 2016, ma ekwughi aha nri nri mmụọ ma ọ bụ ndị Ukraine Ewu ewu foto. Ije Ije na MgbidiOtú ọ dị, ọ na-eme ka ọ dịkwuo mfe ịmaliteghachi ọtụtụ isi mmalite nke ọnọdụ ime mmụọ nke onye na-ese ihe na nke Usoro Abramović. Ha dị nnọọ iche, site n'okpukpe ndị Aborigine nke Australia na Buddha, esotericism Western, New Age, na anwansi ndị Africa America. Ma ọ nweghị nke ọ bụla n’ime akụkụ nke ofufe Setan.

Foto**
** Ihe oyiyi niile nwere njikọ dị ichiiche iji gosipụta ya.

Image # 1: Foto nke Marina Abramović.

Image # 2: Abramović ime Ụdị 5 (1974).

Image # 3: Abramović ime Thomas egbugbere ọnụ (1975).

Foto # 4: Abramović na Ulay na-eme Njikọ na Oge (1977).

Foto # 5: Onye soò na-eji otu n’ime Ihe na-agafe agafe, n'oge ngosi nke Abrazọ Abramović na Milan, 2012.

Foto # 6: Abramović na-enyere John nke Chineke aka, n'oge otu "ịwa ahụ a na-ahụ anya." N'agbanyeghị site akwụkwọ Oghere dị n'etiti: Marina Abramović na Brazil, 2016.

Foto # 7: Abramović na-eme usoro "reiki-like" na onye otu na-ege ntị, n'oge ya 512 Awa arụmọrụ (2014).

Foto # 8: Ndị na-ege ntị na-eme ya Na-agụta mmega osikapa, n'oge ngosi nke Abrazọ Abramović na Sydney na 2015.

Foto # 9: Otu n'ime ihe ndị a na-akpọ "Satanic" nke Abramović na Ukraine Ewu ewu na 2014.

References

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Ụbọchị Post:
15 January 2017

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