Justin Stein

Usui Reiki Ryōhō (Reiki, Japan)

USUI REIKI RYOHŌ MGBE

1865: Usui Mikao mụrụ na ezinụlọ ndị ahịa nke samurai sitere na obodo Taniai (ógbè Gifu nke oge a).

1908: Usui na nwunye ya Sadako (née Suzuki) nwere nwa nwoke aha ya bụ Fuji.

1913: Usuis nwere nwa nwanyị, Toshiko.

c. ihe 1919 (ikekwe n'oge gara aga): Usui kọrọ na ọ malitere afọ atọ nke ndụ ọkara-mọnk n'ụlọ nsọ Kyoto.

c. ihe 1922 (ikekwe na mbụ): Usui na-eme ụbọchị iri abụọ na otu nke austerities na Mt. Kurama, ugwu dị nsọ nke dị n'ebe ugwu nke Kyoto, na-ejedebe n'ịchọpụta ihe omimi nke ikike ịgwọ ọrịa nke ghọrọ ntọala nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō.

1922 (Eprel): Usui kwagara Tokyo wee chọta Shinshin Kaizen Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai (Mind-Body Improvement Usui Reiki Therapy Society, mgbe nke a gasịrị Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai) wee mepee ụlọ ọrụ ọzụzụ (dōjō) na Harajuku.

1923 (ọdịda): Usui raara onwe ya nye n'ịgwọ ndị nwụrụ na Great Kantō Earthquake nke Septemba 1.

c. ihe 1925: Usui mepere oghere ọzụzụ ka ukwuu na Nakano, n'oge ahụ na ala ịta ahịhịa Tokyo.

c. ihe 1925: nwa akwukwo Usui Hayashi Chūjirō, onye isi lara ezumike nká si Imperial Navy, mepere nzukọ nke ya nke akpọrọ Hayashi Reiki Kenkyūkai (Hayashi Reiki Research Society) na Shinanomachi, Tokyo.

1926 (March 9): Mgbe ọ na-aga njem nkuzi na ọdịda anyanwụ Japan, Usui nwụrụ site na ọrịa strok na Fukuyama. Nwa akwukwo ya Ushida Juzaburō (1865-1935), onye lara ezumike nká azụ nke Imperial Navy, ghọrọ onye isi oche nke abụọ nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai.

1927: Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai wuru ebe ncheta na Usui na Saihōji, Umezato, Suginami-ku, Tokyo.

1935: Ushida nwụrụ; Taketomi Kan'ichi (1878-1960), onye na-azụ azụ ezumike nká nke ụgbọ mmiri Imperial bụ onye gụrụ Usui Reiki Ryōhō n'okpuru Usui, ghọrọ onye isi oche nke atọ nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai.

1935 (Disemba): Ọgbọ nke abụọ Hawaii-American Japanese, Hawayo Takata (1900-1980), malitere ihe dị ka ọnwa isii nke ịmụ Usui Reiki Ryōhō na isi ụlọ ọrụ Hayashi Reiki Kenkyūkai. N'afọ sochirinụ, ọ kpọpụrụ Usui Reiki Ryōhō na Hawaii, bụ ebe a bịara mara ya dị ka Reiki. Site na 1951, Takata malitere izi ihe na North America.

1945 (March 9-10): Mwakpo bọmbụ US na-awakpo na Tokyo mepụtara ọkụ ọkụ nke gburu ihe karịrị 100,000 wee hapụ 1,000,000 enweghị ebe obibi. Raids gara n'ihu na May, na n'oge a, ọtụtụ n'ime ihe ndekọ mbụ nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai na Hayashi Reiki Kenkyūkai nwere ike ibibi.

1946: Watanabe Yoshiharu (d. 1960), onye bụbu onye isi ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị bụ onye gụrụ akwụkwọ n'okpuru Usui, ghọrọ obere onye isi oche Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai nke anọ n'oge na-adịghị anya.

c. ihe 1947: Taketomi Kan'ichi maliteghachiri ọrụ ya dị ka onye isi oche Usui Reiki Ryōhō.

c. 1960: Wanami Hōichi (1883-1975), onye bụbu Vice Admiral nke Navy nke Imperial nke na-amụ akwụkwọ n'okpuru Ushida, ghọrọ onyeisi oche ise nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai.

c. ihe 1975: Koyama Kimiko (1906-1999), onye gụrụ akwụkwọ n'okpuru Taketomi, ghọrọ onye isi nke isii Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai.

1984: Mitsui Mieko, onye mụtara Reiki na New York City n'okpuru Barbara Weber Ray, malitere "ịbubata" Western Reiki (nchịkọtaghachi reiki) laghachi na Japan.

1998: Kondō Masaki (b. 1933), prọfesọ nke akwụkwọ Bekee, ghọrọ onyeisi oche asaa nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai.

2010: Takahashi Ichita (b. 1936), onye ọchụnta ego lara ezumike nká, ghọrọ onye isi asatọ nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

N'agbata afọ iri abụọ nke narị afọ nke iri abụọ, ọtụtụ puku ndị Japan gbalitere usoro ọgwụgwọ ndị na-eme ka ikike na uche dị ike iji gwọọ ọrịa. Ọ bụ ezie na usoro ọgwụgwọ ndị a mesiri ike na ọnọdụ nke uche na nke ime mmụọ (nke a na-adịghị atụle dị iche na nke ọ bụla) n'elu anụ ahụ, ọtụtụ n'ime ha ji ụzọ ndị dị omimi iji nweta oghere ndị a. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, ọtụtụ ndị na-agwọ ọrịa na-etinye aka na omume ndị dị ka iku ume iku ume iji zụlite ike agwọ ọrịa a na-adịghị ahụ anya nke ha na-ebufe n'aka ha n'ime ozu ndị ọrịa ha. A na-amarakarị usoro ọgwụgwọ ndị a n'okpuru aha ahụ ryōhō sistem ("Ọgwụgwọ ime mmụọ-nke ime mmụọ") ma ọ bụ reijutsu (usoro nke mmụọ), na n'ọtụtụ ụzọ, e nwere "ọgwụgwọ" nke ngwụsị nke iri na itoolu na mmalite narị afọ nke iri abụọ na North America (Yoshinaga 2015; Hirano 2016).

Ọ bụ ezie na ihe atụ nke ndị a ryōhō sistem dị ndụ ma ọbụna mepere emepe na mmegharị okpukpe ọhụrụ nke etinyere n'okpuru iwu 1947 (dika ebe a nke Sekai Kyūseikyō), ọtụtụ n'ime ọgwụgwọ ndị a nwụrụ n'oge afọ Pacific. Ma otu ryōhō sistem site na oge a wee mezuo n'oge nke oge na-enweghị ọkwa ọkwa ma ọ bụ nhazi nzukọ nke òtù okpukpe. Usui Reiki Ryōhō (Usui Reiki Treatment, ma ọ bụ Usui-shiki Reiki Ryōhō ma ọ bụ usoro Reiki nke Usui) e mepụtara na Japan na 1920s, nke a kwadoro maka ndị American American American na 1930s na 1940s, mere mgbanwe ndị ọzọ maka ndị America North America na iri afọ ole na ole, wee bido ịbụ ndị a ma ama na narị afọ nke iri abụọ n'aha Reiki.

Usui Reiki Ryōhō na - ewepụ aha ya site n'aka onye guzobere ya bụ Usui Mikao, [Foto dị n'aka nri] polymath nke a kụziri n'onwe ya. Nwa nke abụọ na nwa nwoke nke ezinụlọ sitere n'ezinụlọ Chiba dị ike, a mụrụ Usui n'obodo nta nke Taniai na mpaghara Yamagata (Gifu nke oge a), n'ụbọchị nke iri na ise nke ọnwa asatọ nke afọ mbụ nke oge Keiō , nke kwekọrọ n'October 4, 1865 na kalenda ọdịda anyanwụ. Nna ya bụ onye ọchụnta ego na-aga nke ọma na nna nna ya abụrụla ndị na-eme mkpọtụ (Petter 2012: 31-33). A kọrọ na Usui hapụrụ obodo nta ya mgbe ọ dị obere, ọ naghị alakarị, ma ya na ụmụnne ya ndị nwoke atọ (nwanne nwanyị tọrọ, Tsune, na ụmụnne nwoke abụọ ndị tọrọ: San'ya, dọkịta, na Kun'iji, onye uwe ojii) mechara wuo okwute torii (ọnụ ụzọ ámá) n'otu ebe a na-akpọ Amataka Jinja.

N'ime ihe ncheta nkume nke nzukọ Usui mere iji cheta onye guzobere ya, a na-echeta ya dị ka nwoke nwere ịdị uchu na mmasị dị ukwuu, na-aga China na West iji mee ka ọmụmụ ihe ya dịkwuo omimi, nke gụnyere ọgwụ, akparamaagwa, physiognomy, akụkọ ihe mere eme, Christian na Buddhist akụkụ Akwụkwọ Nsọ, Daoist geomancy, incantation, and divination (Okada 1927). Fukuoka (1974: 8) na-ekwu na Usui rụrụ ọrụ dịgasị iche iche, gụnyere dị ka onye ozi ala ọzọ na onye ụkọchukwu ụlọ mkpọrọ Buddhist, dị ka onye ọrụ ọha na eze, na azụmaahịa onwe ya, mana ederede a dị ka apọkrịfa. E nwekwara ọdịnala a na-edeghị ede nke Usui rụrụ ọrụ ruo oge ụfọdụ dị ka odeakwụkwọ nzuzo nke Gōtō Shinpei (1857-1929), onye jere ozi dị ka onye ozi mba ofesi na onye nlekọta ụlọ, onye isi oche nke'slọ Ọrụ Na-ahụ Maka Ndị Ọchịchị Japan, na onye isi obodo Tokyo, mana Gōtō Shinpei Organizationtù enwebeghị ike ikwenye nke a.

Mgbe a kwụsịrị otu n'ime ụlọ ahịa ya, a sịrị na "ọ banyewo n'ọnụ ụzọ ámá Zen" ("zenmon ni hairi), ma bie ndụ nke ndị mọnk ruo afọ atọ, ikekwe na ụlọ nsọ dị na Kyoto (Fukuoka 1974: 8). Ekwuola na ya na ihe gbasara Enryakuji mgbagwoju anya nke okpukpe Tendai Buddhism, ọ bụ ezie na enwere obere ihe akaebe maka nke a. Oge a nke Buddha emechara ka izu atọ nke austerities na Mt. Kurama, saịtị dị n'ebe ugwu nke Kyoto bụ nke metụtara ugwu na-ekpo ọkụ. Usui mechara kwuo na ụbọchị iri abụọ na otu nke ibu ọnụ na ntụgharị uche mechara bụrụ ihe omimi nke na ọ bụ "ihe omimi dị omimi mgbe emetụchara ya," na - eme ka ọ "mara na ọ bụ ọrịa ahụ [ma ọ bụ ihe omimi] ịgwọ ọrịa" (Ọ bụrụ na ị na-eme ka ọ bụrụ na ọ na-eme ka ọ dị mma,, "Nkume Denju Setsumei").

Akụkọ ndụ Usui dị ka nke ndị ọzọ guzobere ọgwụgwọ ime mmụọ na mmegharị okpukpe ọhụrụ n'oge a. Nnukwu mmasị ya na ọgwụ na okpukpe nke ma Ebe Ọwụwa Anyanwụ ma Ọdịda Anyanwụ na-eme ka ọ bụrụ onye na-achọ eziokwu ọhụrụ banyere ikike mmadụ nwere maka obi ụtọ. Mkpalite nke mmụọ ya na-esote oge nke ihe isi ike anụ ahụ, gụnyere azụmahịa dara ada, ịdọ aka ná ntị ndị mọnk, na omume ịchụ aja n'ugwu dị nsọ, bụ isiokwu dị mkpa na akụkọ ndị malitere. O yikarịrị ka ọ bụ mmụọ nsọ Usui sitere na ahụmịhe doro anya dị omimi, ya na ọrụ omimi ya, ọ bụrụ na ọ dị mkpụmkpụ, dị ka dibia na onye nkuzi, mere ka onye ọkà mmụta sayensị jiri ya tụnyere “ndị amamihe, ndị ọkà ihe ọmụma, ndị maara ihe, na ndị ukwu” nke oge ochie na ndị "ndị hiwere òtù okpukpe" (Okada 1927). N'agbanyeghị nke ahụ, n'agbanyeghị myirịta ndị a, otu ederede a na-akpọ Usui na-ekwusi ike na Usui Reiki Ryōhō bụ "ọgwụgwọ mbụ" kpamkpam (dokusō ryōhō), ọ bụghị onye nkụzi ọ bụla mụtara site na ya ma "ihe omimi" na "na-amaghị ihe ọhụụ" site na cosmos ("Nkịtị Denju Setsumei").

Usui naanị kụziiri ya ihe dị ka afọ anọ tupu ya anwụọ na 1926, ma n'oge ahụ, a gwara ya na ọ kụziiri ihe dịka puku akwụkwọ abụọ na Japan. O guzobere Usine Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai (Mind-Body Improvement Usui Reiki Therapy Society, nke bu Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai) mgbe o meghere ya dōjō (ebe ọzụzụ) na April 1922, na Harajuku, Tokyo (Okada 1927). O nwere ike ịbụ na o kpebiri ịtọ ya dōjō na Harajuku ka ha biarue nso na Meiji Shrine.Meiji Jingu) nke kpuchiri mmụọ nke Meiji Emperor na Empress, dị ka ịgụghachi akwụkwọ na ịtụgharị uche na uri nke Meiji Emperor (gyosei) bụ usoro ntọala nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō (nke akọwapụtara na usoro omume / omume dị n'okpuru). Uche ncheta nke Usui na-akuko na uzo ya dōjō "N'ịbụ ndị e ji akpụkpọ ụkwụ kpuchie," bụ ọgbụgba nke ọnụ ọgụgụ dị ukwuu ndị bịara nyocha ntụziaka na ọgwụgwọ (Okada 1927).

Ọtụtụ nkọwa na-egosi njikọ dị n'etiti Usui na-aga nke ọma na njedebe 1921 nke okpukpe okpukpe ọhụrụ otomoto. N'oge ahụ, Ōmoto etolitere ịbụ onye ama ama n'okpuru onye ndu ya na-enwu ọkụ, Deguchi Onisaburō (1871-1948), yana usoro mmụọ mmụọ ya nwere chinkon obi, nke e ji mee ihe maka ọgwụgwọ, n'etiti ihe ndị ọzọ. Omume a dọtara ọtụtụ narị puku ndị na-eso ụzọ na Omoto n'afọ ndị na-ebute "mbụ Omuma" nke 1921, bụ nke a na-ejide Deguchi na ndị isi ndị isi nke Ọmoto maka lese-majesté, na chinkon obi a maara dịka igosi òkè dị mkpa na ịmalite "ihe omume" a. (Staemmler 2009: 224-39). Na mmụọ nke ndị ọzọ na-ewu ewu okpukpe okpukpe nke mmalite nke iri abụọ na narị afọ, chinkon kichin enwere ike iwere ya dika omume "ime nke ndi ochichi nke ndi ochichi," nke bu ihe ndi ozo dika ndi ike (ugwu ascetics) na miko (shrine girls), ma ugbu a ikike maka ndị òtù nke okpukpe ọhụrụ (Hardacre 1994). Enwere ike ikwu na Usui Reiki Ryōho (n'etiti ndị ọzọ ryōhō sistem) ụdị ọgwụgwọ na ọrụ ike ndị yiri nke ahụ nke ọkachamara okpukpe dịka ike na ndị mọnk Buddha. Jonker (2016: 331) gara n'ihu na-atụ aro na Usui Reiki Ryōhō's Ee ememe yiri ka ọ bụ ụdị nke a gbanwere chinkon obi ma ọ bụ ndị yiri ya miteshiro otoritsugi, ma m nwere obi abụọ banyere nke mere na njikọ. Ka o sina dị, oge nke Usui na-arịwanye elu mgbe ọ gasịrị nke iwepụ Ōmoto na-egosi na ụfọdụ ndị na-eso ụzọ Usui nwere ike ịbụ ndị bụbu ndị òtù Ōmoto na-achọ ụzọ ọhụrụ, nke na-adịchaghị na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị iji jikọọ na ụwa ime mmụọ maka ọgwụgwọ. Na otomoto bụ onye a ma ama n'etiti ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri na ọtụtụ ndị isi na-eso ụzọ Usui bụ ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri dị elu na-akwado nkwado a. Ọzọkwa, ebubo ndị isi obodo committedmoto mere lese-majesté na-atụ aro ka ọ dịrị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị dị ka ihe nwere ike ime ka Usui pụta ìhè na Meiji Emperor dị ka mmụọ nsọ mmụọ (Stein 2011).

Ememe ncheta nke Usui na-akọ na Nnukwu Ala Ọma Jijiji nke September 1, 1923, bụ mgbanwe na ọrụ ya, ebe ọ na-emeso ọnụ ọgụgụ a na-apụghị ịgụta ọnụ nke ala ọma jijiji a na oke ọkụ ndị na-esote Tokyo na Yokohama (Okada 1927). Omenala ọdịnala na-ekwu na Usui nwetara nnabata gọọmentị site na steeti Taishō maka nnukwu mbọ ọ gbasoro ọdachi a, mana enweghị ihe akaebe na-akwado nke a. Aha ọhụrụ nke Usui sụgharịrị Harajuku dōjō obere obere, o mepere isi ụlọ ọrụ dị na Nakano, nke dị na Tokyo, nke dị na 1925 (Okada 1927). Usui mere njem nleta na Japan na March 1926, ọ gara njem dị n'ebe ọdịda anyanwụ Japan, gụnyere Hiroshima na Saga, mgbe ọ tara ọrịa strok na Fukuyama ma nwụọ. Dika ụzọ ndi mmadu si achikota afo, o di iri isii na abuo, ma site na nchikota odida anyanwu o di iri isii.

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

N'adịghị ka ọtụtụ, ma ọ bụrụ na ọ bụghị ọtụtụ, nke ndị ha na oge ha reijutsuka na ryōhoka na-arụ ọrụ (ndị na-eme mmụọ na ndị na-agwọ ọrịa mmụọ na mmụọ) tupu agha Japan, onye ndu nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō akọwaghị ihe ọ bụla nkwenkwe na omume ha edere. Nke a bụ ma ọ dịkarịa ala obere site na imewe. Usui na ndị na-eso ụzọ ya kwusiri ike ịkụziri ụmụ akwụkwọ ha akwụkwọ banyere Usui Reiki Ryōhō n'ihu ọha, gụnyere ịkpọsa ọgwụgwọ na klaasị ha. A kwadoro nke a n'otu n'ime akwụkwọ ndekọ ọha na-adịghị ahụkebe site na mmalite afọ ọgwụgwọ ahụ, akwụkwọ akụkọ nke onye na-egwu egwu a ma ama bụ Matsui Shōō, bụ onye gụrụ akwụkwọ n'okpuru onye na-eso ụzọ Usui bụ Hayashi Chūjirō. N'akụkụ mmeghe nke isiokwu a, Shōō dere, "N'agbanyeghị na enwere ike iji otu aka gwọọ ọrịa niile, ndị mmadụ amabeghị ọgwụgwọ a. Maka ihe ụfọdụ, Usui achọghị ka ọha na eze mee ya, yabụ ndị a zụrụ azụ n'ụlọ akwụkwọ ya ka na-ezere mgbasa ozi "(Matsui 1928).

Nke a metụtara eziokwu ahụ bụ na, dịka omenala ndị ọzọ nke Japanese, omume nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō na-akụzi site n'aka onye nwe ma onye na-eso ụzọ site na "nnyefe nzuzo" (ezo). Otu ndị nna ukwu na-atụle ọganihu ụmụ akwụkwọ, na-eme nke ọma n'usoro. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, naanị ndị ọkachamara tozuru oke ruru ogo a kpọrọ mma ("Nnyefe n'ime") mụta ụdị atọ ahụ (ka a ghara ikpughere ndị ọzọ) nke na-eme ka ịgwọ ọrịa anya. Ememe ndị ọzọ ga-eme nanị site na ndị ọkachamara nyere ogo shinpiden ("Nzipu omimi"). Ya mere, a naghị edebe omume ndị a na nkwenkwe ha metụtara na omimi ọ bụla na akwụkwọ edere ederede, ọ bụ ezie na ewu ewu Reiki emeela ka ọtụtụ akwụkwọ na weebụsaịtị wepụtara na-ekpughe omume nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai (lee, dịka ọmụmaatụ, Doi 1998 ; Petter 2012).

Na mgbakwunye na nke a enweghị ike itinye nkwenkwe ha na omume ha n'akwụkwọ, ihe ọzọ nwere ike ime ka ụkọ ihe ederede sitere na Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai, Hayashi Reiki Kenkyūkai, na ndị otu ha bụ ihe akpọrọ akpọrọ isi ụlọ ọrụ abụọ dị na Tokyo ikuku wakporo 1945. O yikarịrị ka enwere akwụkwọ n'oge ahụ nke na-anwụghị agha ahụ ma ọ bụ na-enwe ya na nchịkọta nzuzo. N'ikpeazụ, ọtụtụ akwụkwọ ndị Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai na Hayashi Reiki Kenkyūkai mepụtara bụ maka ndị òtù naanị, ọ ga-ekwe omume na ndị isi nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai ugbu a nwere akwụkwọ nke na-akọwapụta nkwenkwe na omume nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō ugbu a. , ma anaghị ekpughere ha ọhaneze.

Ka o sina dị, akwụkwọ ndị na-anọgide na-ekpughe ọtụtụ nkwenkwe dị na isi nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō. Otu n'ime nkwenkwe ndị a na-egosi ịdị adị nke ike a na-akpọ reiki na ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu nwere ike ịmalite ịmalite ọgwụgwọ anụ ahụ, melite àgwà ọjọọ, nweta ọganihu ime mmụọ, ma nweta n'ozuzu anụ ahụ, nke mmetụta uche, nke uche, na nke ime mmụọ. Ụdị nke a reiki anọgide na-adị omimi. A na-ede Usui na-ekwu na ọ mụtara ọgwụgwọ ya "na mberede" mgbe "ihe omimi sitere n'ike mmụọ nsọ" site na "taiki) "Na Kurama-yama, ya mere" ọ bụ ezie na m bụ onye nchoputa, ọ na-esiri m ike ịkọwa ihe dị mkpa reiki na ọrụ nke Reiki Ryōhō] "(" Nkịtị Denju Setsumei "). Enwere ihe omuma site n'oge ochie shūyō (nkuzi onwe onye) omume na omume nke Usui ka a kọwara dị ka “ime ka obi dịrị mmadụ site na ikike ebumpụta ụwa nke mmadụ”Nke a na-eme ka ọ bụrụ na ọ bụghị ya, Okada 1927). Ọdịiche a dị na nke ahụ ryōhō sistem, tinyere Usui Reiki Ryōhō, mmekọrịta dị n'etiti ala nke obi-uche (nje) na ahụ ike anụ ahụ. Mgbe a jụrụ ya ihe ọgwụgwọ ya gụnyere, a sịrị Usui na ọ zara, sị: "Ije ije n'okporo ụzọ nke ezi omume (ike), buru ụzọ gwọọ obi gị.Ọ dị mma) ahụ gị ga-adịkwa mma "(" Nkịtị Denju Setsumei ").

dị ka ndị ọzọ ryōhō sistem nke oge ya, Usui Reiki Ryōho na-ejikọta ezigbo nke ịzụ onwe onye (shūyō) n'echiche miri emi rei (mmụọ) mepụtara na iri afọ mbụ nke narị afọ nke iri abụọ. Ọ bụ ezie na Yumiyama (1999: 91-98) na-akọwa otú otu okpukpere chi ọhụrụ dị iche iche, nke bụ, Omoto, si dochie nje (obi-uche) na rei, Usui Reiki Ryhohō na-ekwu okwu banyere mmekọrịta dị n'etiti reiki na nje, ọ bụ ezie na ọdịdị nke okwu mbụ ahụ anọgideghị na-adịghị ahụkebe. Na mgbakwunye na ihe nke mmụọ mmadụ (tamashii), agwa rei pụkwara ịpụta ọtụtụ echiche ndị ọzọ, gụnyere echiche, mmetụta uche, ọrụ ebube, na ihe omimi. Ya mere, mgbe reiki A na-akpọkarị "ike ndụ ụwa niile" ma ọ bụ "ike mmụọ," nke bụ eziokwu bụ na ọ nweghị ederede dị tupu agha tupu oge eruo ịkọwa ihe rei in reiki ma o yikarịrị ka ịsụgharị ogige ndị nwere rei (dị ka ike [ọrụ omimi ma ọ bụ ọrụ ebube] ma ọ bụ reiyaku [ọgwụ ebube]) naanị maka "mmụọ" dịtụ na-eduhie eduhie.

Dị ka okwu ahụ reiki a na-ejikarị ya eme ihe ryōhoka na-arụ ọrụ ekwu okwu dika okwu seiki ("Ike"), prana (okwu Sanskrit maka ike), na aura, ma ọ bụ ịsụgharị prana ma ọ bụ aura na Japanese, anyị nwere ike iche na "ike dị mkpa" dịkarịa ala otu n'ime reiki 's pụtara (Hirano 2016: 80). Reiki Ejikwa ya pụtara “ike dị mma,” n'ụzọ dị iche na 'ike na-adịghị mma' (jaki), dịka na akụrụngwa abụọ nke Tamari Kizō (1912), nke a maara n'ụwa nile nke ryōhō sistem na ndị ọzọ na-agwọ ọrịa n'oge a. N'ihi ịdị adị nke ndị ọzọ reiki ọgwụgwọ (reiki ryōhō), dị ka Takagi Hidesuke's Jintai Aura Reiki-jutsu (Human Body Aura Reiki Techniques) na Watanabe Kōyō's Reiki Kangen Ryōin (Reiki Restoration Therapy Center), Usui kwesịrị ịmata ọdịiche dị n'etiti usoro ọgwụgwọ ya, wepụta aha ya ma webata ụfọdụ usoro ọhụụ (Mochizuki) 1995: 23).

RITUALS / PRACTICES

Dịka nkwenkwe ndị metụtara Usui Reiki Ryōhō, akụkọ nke omume ya bụ nanị ederede. Ọzọkwa, dịka onye ọrụ Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai dị ugbu a adịghị ekwe ka ndị òtù kọwaa ndị ya na-abụghị ndị òtù ya ka ha zere ime omume enwe nghọtahie, enweghi m ike ide ọtụtụ ebe maka isiokwu a. Otú ọ dị, e nwere ihe ole na ole a pụrụ ikwu banyere akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō na Japan.

Nke mbu, nkume ncheta nke Usui, nke ewuru na mbido 1927, [Image na aka nri] na-enwu banyere ufodu omume ndi elere anya di etiti n’oge onwu ya. Mgbe o kwusịrị na ebumnuche Usui Reiki Ryōhō abụghị naanị iji gwọọ ọrịa ma nye ahụ dị mma, kamakwa iji nyere ndị mmadụ aka imezi obi ha ma nweta ọdịmma, ọ na-akọwa nkuzi Usui: “Nke mbụ, leruo nkuzi nke Meiji Emperor anya na , n'ụtụtụ na anyasị, kwupụta ụkpụrụ ise ahụ ma kanye ha n'ime obi gị (nk ni nen zeshimu). "Mgbe e mesịrị, ọ na-ekwu na a ga-emegharị ntụrụndụ a na ziza gassho ọnọdụ, na-ehulata ikpere n'ala na ọbụ aka na-ejikọta ọnụ na oke mma (Okada 1927).

Nkebi ahịrịokwu ahụ “nkuzi nke Meiji Emperor” bụ edochaghị, ma eleghị anya zoro aka nke uri Emperor kpọrọ gyosei, 125 nke a na-ebigharị na Reiki Ryōho Hikkei, akwukwo a kesaara ndi otu ndi otu aha na Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai. Eke a na-ejikwa isiokwu dịgasị iche iche, ma ịkwado onwe onye bụ otu trope. Otu ihe nlere anya bụ, "N'elu uzuzu, ọbụna ọla na-enweghị obere ntụpọ nwere ike ịkwụsị ya" (isasaka no kizunaki nwa mo tomosureba chiri na hikari o ushinainikeri). Ọ bụ ezie na ị na-edegharị uri uri maka ịzụ onwe onye abụghị n'onwe ya ihe omume ọhụrụ, ịgụgharị nke ndị a gyosei bụ otu ihe dị iche iche nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō.

"Iwu ise" (gokai) ihe ncheta nke nkume ncheta bu ihe edeputara edepu aha Usui, ma n'eziokwu na-enweta site na "Conduct Song" (ọ bụghị ụgbọ) nke e dere na mbụ ryōhoka na-arụ ọrụ Suzuki Bizan (aha ya bụ Suzuki Seijirō, ụbọchị amaghị). N'akwụkwọ Kenzen Tetsugaku (Health Philosophy), a na-ekwu banyere omume sitere na nchịkọta nke Neo-Confucian na ndị sitere na Christian Science na New Thought, Suzuki depụtara iwu ise a ka a ga-agụ kwa ụbọchị: "Taa, emela iwe, atụla egwu , na-eme ihe n'eziokwu, na-arụ ọrụ, na-enwe obiọma ọ bụghị gị, shōjiki ni, shokumu o hagemi, hito ni shinsetsu ni, Suzuki 1914: 27). N'iji ya tụnyere, otu oku na-akpọ: "[Image na nri]

"Ụzọ nzuzo nke ịkpọbata obi ụtọ, ọgwụ ọgwụgwọ niile ọrịa niile: Taa, anaghị ewe iwe, echegbula onwe gị, nwee ekele, rụọ ọrụ, nwee obiọma n'ebe ndị mmadụ nọ" (Ọ bụrụ na ị na-eme ya, manbyō no reiyaku, kyō i wa, ikaruna, shinpai name, kansha shite, gyō o hageme, hito ni shinsetsu ni).

Nkume ncheta nwere ihe yiri nke a nke o doro anya ka a gụọ ya ugboro abụọ kwa, mgbe ziza gassho (na-ehulata ikpere n'ala na ọbụ aka na-agbanye ọnụ). "Na-agụghachi ntụziaka ise ahụ," ka ọ na-ekwu, "ga-edeba ha n'ime obi gị" (Ọ bụrụ na ị na-achọ, ọ bụ nen-zeshimu). Ọ na-aga n'ihu, "mgbe ị na-agụta [okwu ndị a] n'ụtụtụ na ná mgbede, na ziza gassho, ị na-azụlite obi dị mma na obi dị mma, ma hụ ọṅụ nke omume ọ bụla "(zaza gassho asa-yu nenju no sai ni junken no kokoro o yashinai, heisei no okonai ni fuku seshimuru ni ari, Okada 1927).

Usui Reiki Ryōho abụghị naanị ryōhō sistem ijikọta Suzuki's Kenzen Tetsugaku na ndụ dị mkpa teate (ọgwụgwọ aka, akpọrọ "tay-ah-tay"). Dịka ọmụmaatụ, Jintai Aura Reiki-jutsu (Usoro mmadụ nke Aura Reiki Techniques) nke Takagi Hidesuke kere n'otu oge Usui mepụtara Reiki Ryōhō ya, nwere ọtụtụ omume ndị yiri Usui Reiki Ryōhō, gụnyere ntụgharị okwu okpukpu ise nke yitere yiri Ntugharị Suzuki karịa nke Usui gokai, ọ bụ ezie na ọ maghị ma Usui ma ọ bụ Takagi na-emetụta ibe ha ozugbo (Takagi 1925; Hirano 2016: 81).

Ọtụtụ ụmụ akwụkwọ Usui na Hayashi kwetara na gokai na gyosei recitations bụ ihe ndabere nke nrụpụta ọrụ nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō na ihe dị iche na ụzọ Usui na nke ndị ọrụ ndị ọzọ. Tomabechi Gizō (1880-1959), onye ọchụnta ego gbanwere-ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke gụrụ akwụkwọ n'okpuru Usui, depụtara recitation of the gokai na ụtụtụ na mgbede dị ka nke mbụ nke usoro "usoro ahụ ike" na ihe ndekọ ya (Tomabechi na Nagasawa 1951: 335). Tomita Kaiji, nwa akwukwo ozo nke Usui nke gara n'iru ichota nke aka ya reiki ọgwụgwọ, kụziri ihe a kpọrọ jōshin-hō ("Usoro nchacha obi") nke ndi oru na-anọdụ na ziza gassho ọkwa a kọwara n'elu, na-agụ ya gyosei na ha nje ("Obi obi"). Omita mgbe nile, Tomita na-ede, ga - eme ka mmụọ nsọ dị ọcha ma na -seishin) ”Dị ka“ nke eze ukwu nje gosipụtara na gyosei na-enwu onwu onye nje ”(1999 [1933]: 63). Yamaguchi Tadao, onye onye nkuzi Usui Hayashi Chūjirō zụrụ nne ya, dere na ọgụgụ nke gokai na gyosei "Ndị ọkachamara [Usui Reiki Ryōhō] dị iche iche si agwọ ndị ọzọ" (2007: 79). Dịka e kwuru na mbụ, e nwere ọtụtụ puku ndị ọzọ ryōhō sistem n'oge ahụ, gụnyere ọtụtụ ndị ọzọ a na-akpọ reiki ryōhō, ọdịdị dị iche iche dị iche iche ga-abụrịrị ihe bụ isi maka ọganihu nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō.

Ntughari nke gyosei na gokai bụ ntọala maka usoro ntụgharị uche ndị ọzọ iji mee ka ọ dị ọcha nje yana omume iji nyefee reiki site n'aka, ume, na anya. A kụziiri ndị na-eto eto ka ha rụọ ọrụ reiki onye nabatara ya, na-ejikarị foto ya. A na-eche na a na-eme ihe omume a na-agwọ ọrịa iji gwọọ ọrịa nke anụ ahụ, yana "imezi àgwà ọjọọ" (ozheki o kyōsei), gụnyere nchegbu (hanmon), adịghị ike (kyojaku), enweghị nkwenye (yūjūfudan), na nervousness (shinkeishitsu) ("Nkịtị na-eme ka ọ bụrụ"). Iji mee usoro gụnyere nlekọta anya (enkaku ryōhō) na ịgwọ àgwà ọjọọ (dinheki), ndị ọkachamara dị elu na-amụta akara atọ ka a ga-enyocha ma ọ bụ na-ahụ anya, na ịghara ịkọwara ndị na-enweghị mmasị. Ihe nnọchianya mbụ, nke na-eme ka ọnụọgụgụ reiki ọ dị ka ọ na-enweta site na Shintō / Daoist isi mmalite, nke abụọ, eji na-edozi àgwà ọjọọ, bụ nke metụtara àgwà Sanskrit hrīḥ (Jp., kiriku), na Amida Buddha, na nke atọ bụ a talisman nke dabeere na ise Chinese, gụnyere onyinye shōnen, nke dị na Buddha ebe ọ pụtara "ezi uche," otu n'ime nzọụkwụ nke ụzọ asatọ.

A na-akụzi usoro ndị a n'ọtụtụ ọkwa, na-enwekwu graduation karịa usoro nke mbụ nke Degree, Degree Degree, na Degree Degree na-ejikarị ọtụtụ ụdị nke omume Reiki. Ọzọkwa, ebe ọ bụ ihe omume Reiki kacha dịrị ndụ n'oge ahụ, nke Reiki Masters na-arụ ọrụ maka ogo ọ bụla n'otu oge, na-adịkarịghị ma ọ bụ na-emeghachi ha (lee Beeler na Jonker 2016 ), isi nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai na Hayashi Reiki Kenkyūkai mere ememe a na-akpọ Ee ("Inye onyinye reiki ") Na nzukọ ọ bụla. Horowitz (2015) na-ekwu na ememe a sitere na Buddhist esoteric ọfọn mbido, ya onwe ya sitere na omume mmekorita na inye ike nke Indic sitere abhiṣekha. Oge etiti nke ememe a na Usui Reiki Ryōho pụtara ìhè na isi akwụkwọ agha nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai na Hayashi Reiki Kenkyūkai na-ezo aka ná nzukọ ha dịka reijukai (Ee nzukọ). Onweghi nkowa doro anya banyere ihe emume a putara, mana o puru ibu uzo nke mmadu ji jikọta ya na isi iyi nke reiki, na-emezigharị ahụmahụ Usui na Mt. Kurama.

Usoro ọgwụgwọ aka (ryōhō teate) nke agha agha bu Usui Reiki Ryōhō yiri ka o jiri aka ya buru ibu, ebe ihe ndị Reiki na-adịkarị n'oge a na-akụzi iji aka abụọ. [Foto na nri] Nke a pụtara ìhè na isiokwu ndị e bipụtara na March 4, 1928 mbipụta nke Sunday Mainichi dere na Matsui Shōō (1870-1933) onye na-ede egwuregwu na-amụ akwụkwọ n'okpuru Hayashi) na onye ọrịa na-amaghị aha na Matsui, bụ onye na-akọwa otú ọgwụgwọ ya si gbanwee ya site na onye nwere obi abụọ nye onye na-ekweghị ekwe. Matsui na-ekwu maka Usui Reiki Ryōhō dịka "ọgwụgwọ nke na-agwọ ọrịa niile na otu aka" (a na-eme ka ndị mmadụ na-eme nke ọma), onye ọrịa ya na-ezokwa aka na ya dị ka "otu aka ọgwụ" (sekishu ryōhō). Onye ọrịa ahụ kọwara otu aka nri Matsui si bụrụ ihe na-egbu mgbu n’oge ọgwụgwọ na ọ gbanwere ya n’aka ekpe (Matsui 1928). Ntughari nke "ki na ìhè" ("Kōkai Denju Setsumei") na "usoro ọgwụgwọ a" yiri nke omume nke ebe a na okiyome eji mmegharị okpukpe ọhụrụ dị iche iche gụnyere Sekai Kyūsei-kyō na Mahikari. Omume ndị a na-akọwa nrụpụta omume nke omume ha karịa ịdị ọcha na mmetọ karịa Usui Reiki Ryōhō (Stein 2012).

NDỤMỌDỤ / ỤLỌ

Ruo ihe dị ka ọkara narị afọ mgbe Usui nwụsịrị, onye isi ndị isi nke Shinshin Kaizen Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai bụ ndị isi nke ndị agha ụgbọ mmiri Imperial. Ka ọ na-erule afọ 1926, ụmụ akwụkwọ iri abụọ nke Usui eruola ogo nke shihan (onye nkuzi), n’ime mmadụ atọ n’ime ha bụ ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri. Ndị admiral azụ Ushida Juzaburō (1865-1935) na Taketomi Kan'ichi (1878-1960), jere ozi dị ka ndị isi nke abụọ na nke atọ (kaichō) nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai. Onye nke atọ, onye isi ụgbọ mmiri Hayashi Chūjirō, malitere nzukọ nke ya, Hayashi Reiki Ryōhō Kenkyūkai (Hayashi Reiki Therapy Research Society), nke rụrụ ọrụ dị mkpa na nnyefe nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō na West. Onye isi oche nke ise nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai, Wanami Hōichi (1883-1975), bụbu onye isi Vice Admiral nke gụrụ akwụkwọ n'okpuru Ushida. Isi nke ndị isi si n'ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri Imperial gbanwere na 1975 site na ntinye nke onye isi oche nke isii, Koyama Kimiko (1906-1999), onye gụrụ Usui Reiki Ryōhō n'okpuru Taketomi Kan'ichi na di ya, prọfesọ mmekọrịta ọha na eze. Ya mere, ewezuga ọnwa ole na ole ozugbo agha ahụ bisịrị, ndị isi nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai bụbu ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ afọ iri ise.

Ọdịda nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai na ọdịda nke oge agha nwere ike ịbụ nke mmekọrịta chiri anya na ụgbọ mmiri Imperial kpaliri. Ọ bụ ezie na nzukọ ahụ nwere ọtụtụ alaka na ọtụtụ puku ndị otu gafee Japan n'oge oge agha tupu oge agha, ọ nọ na ogologo oge ịda ada kemgbe njedebe nke Agha Pacific. Agha agha agha nke agha nke ndị agha n'okpuru iwu 1947 ga-enwerịrị mmetụta na-adịghị mma nke ọha na eze nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai na nghọta ọha na eze banyere nzukọ ahụ. Nke a nwere ike ịkọwa oge dị mkpirikpi na 1946 mgbe Watanabe Yoshiharu (d. 1960), onye bụbu onye isi ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị gụrụ akwụkwọ Usui Reiki Ryōhō n'okpuru Usui, ghọrọ onye isi oche nke anọ nke nzukọ ahụ. O nwere ike ịbụ na ndị òtù Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai, na-agụghachi abụ uri Meiji Emperor (akọwapụtara ya na ngalaba na-esote) yana njikọ ya na Navy Imperial, enwere ike ịbụ ndị a hụrụ dị ka ndị hụrụ okpukpe n'anya, ma ọ bụrụ na nzukọ ahụ gosipụtara mba siri ike, nke a ọchịchọ adịkwaghị agbapụta. Kedu ụzọ ọ bụla, nnabata nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai, nke dị na 1920s (Matsui 1928), yiri ka etolitela karịa ka a na-akpọ ya n'oge oge agha ahụ, ikekwe n'ihi echiche mgbochi Imperial n'oge Ọrụ US na-eduga, ịrị elu nke ikike nke ndu, nguzobe mkpuchi nke ahuike nke obodo, na nmekorita nke na-eto eto nke udi ogwu ndia (dika ebe a na okiyome) na mmeghari ohuru nke okpukpe.

Nzukọ nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai dị ugbu a ka ọ nọ n'okporo ụzọ. Ndi ndu ndi okenye kariri n’ile ndi Koyama anya (ihe dika 1975-1998) dika oge ohuru nke ha choro iji weghachi. Agbanyeghị, ndị otu esonyerela ọzọ mgbe ọ lara ezumike nká na 1998, n'ihi ntakịrị mbanye na ndọkụrịta nke ndị agadi nọ na-anwụ. Ha nwere nsogbu isonye na idebe ọgbọ ọhụụ nke ndị otu Japan ka na-eto eto, agbanyeghị na Japan akpọrọ “ọganihu mmụọ” nke afọ 2000. Taa naanị ụlọ ọrụ Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai ise ka dị, yana ndị ọrụ nchịkọta ihe dị ka narị mmadụ ise, ọ bụ ezie na ọnụ ọgụgụ na-agachi nzukọ anya dị obere karịa nke ahụ. Ọ bụ ezie na ndị isi abụọ ahụ soro Koyama na-asụ Bekee nke ọma, ha nwere ike ịmekọrịta njikọ na obodo Reiki nke na-eme nke ọma nke gosipụtara mmasị siri ike na "Reiki omenala Japanese," na Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai ka malitere ịnabata ndị si mba ọzọ, nke ndi enwere otutu aka.

Ọ bụ ezie na isi isiokwu a dị na Usui Reiki Ryōhō na Shinshin Kaizen Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai, e nwekwara ọ dịkarịa alaatọ ọzọ dị iche iche nke omume metụtara na Japan oge a. Ndị ka ukwuu n'ime ndị a bụ ndị Japanese ndị na-eme ihe a na-akpọ "Reiki Ebe Ọdịda Anyanwụ" (nchịkọtaghachi reiki), a na-akpọkarị Reiki (e dere ya Kwuo). Western Reiki sitere na Hawaii Takata amụrụ Hawaii Takata [Image dị n'aka nri] (1900-1980), onye gụrụ akwụkwọ n'okpuru onye na-eso ụzọ Usui bụ Hayashi Chūjirō n'isi ụlọ ọrụ ya na Shinanomachi, Tokyo, bido na Disemba 1935. Site na akụkọ niile, Takata nwere mmekọrịta chiri anya na Hayashi na ekwuru na ọ kpọrọ ya onye ga-anọchi ya tupu ya ewere ndụ ya na njedebe nke Agha Pacific na 1940. N'ime afọ iri anọ na ise nke Takata na-eme ma na-akụzi ihe, o nwere ihe karịrị puku ụmụ akwụkwọ iri, ọ na-arụsi ọrụ ike na North America site na etiti 1970 ruo 1980. N'oge nkuzi ikpeazụ a, ọ zụkwara ma ọ dịkarịa ala ụmụ akwụkwọ Master iri abụọ na abụọ (ya bụ, ndị nkụzi Reiki).

Agbanyeghị na Takata kụziri ọtụtụ klaasị na agha Japan mgbe agha bisịrị, ụdị Reiki ya, yana mmemme nnabata ya gbanwere yana usoro ọgwụgwọ ntọala pụrụ iche nke oge (ọnọdụ iri na abụọ ejiri nkeji ise ọ bụla), ọ dị ka ọ agbasaghị n'ezie. na Japan rue 1980, mgbe Mitsui Mieko (ụbọchị amaghi) "weghachitere" Reiki site na United States. Mitsui ghọrọ Reiki Master n'okpuru Takata's Master student Barbara Weber (emesia Barbara Weber Ray) na New York City na mmalite 1980s wee bido kụzie Reiki na Japan na 1984, na-ebipụta nsụgharị nke akwụkwọ Nna-ukwu ya afọ ole na ole mgbe e mesịrị (Ray 1987) . Nsụgharị a bụ akwụkwọ mbụ nke Japanese na isiokwu nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō, ọ bụ ezie na ederede ndị dị na mbụ na-akọwa omume ndị metụtara ya nke ụmụ akwụkwọ Usui mepụtara (dịka, Mitsui 1930 [2003]; Tomita 1999 [1933]).

Mgbe Western Reiki, ìgwè nke abụọ kasị ukwuu nke ndị na-arụ ọrụ Reiki na Japan nwere usoro abụọ nke ụmụ akwụkwọ Yamaguchi Chiyoko (1921-2003) bụ ndị, dị ka Takata natara mbido site n'aka Hayashi Chūjirō na 1930s. Nwa Chiyoko, Yamaguchi Tadao (b. 1952), na-eduzi usoro ọmụmụ a na-akpọ Jikiden Reiki (Direct Transmission Reiki), na onye mọnk Jodō-shū (Pure Land Buddhist) aha ya bụ Inamoto Hyakuten (b. 1940) bụ onye agbụrụ a na-akpọ Kōmyō Reiki (Bright Ìhè ma ọ bụ Enlightenment Reiki). E mepụtara usoro ndị a na Japan na ngwụsị 1990 ma ọ bụ na-enwetaghachi usoro ụwa niile.

Ụdị nke atọ nke ọmụmụ Reiki nke Japanese, nke a maara dị ka Gendai Reiki-hō (Usoro Reiki Modern), bụ ngwakọ nke Usui Reiki Ryōho na Western Reiki nke Doi Hiroshi (bn 1935) guzobere. Na sequel sekai (World Spiritual) nke etiti 1980s Japan (usoro ọdịbendị nke New Age na-emetụta), Doi mụtara ọtụtụ usoro ọgwụgwọ, gụnyere Western Reiki na Japan n'okpuru Mitsui Mieko. Na 1993, Doi ghọrọ onye òtù Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai n'okpuru nduzi nke Koyama Kimiko. Na 1995, Doi kere Gendai Reiki Hīringu Kyōkai (Moderntù Na-agwọ Ọrịa Reiki nke Oge A) wee malite ịkụziri Gendai Reiki-hō, bụ nke ji nlezianya mebie ihe omume nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai na usoro nke Western iji "mekota usoro Eastern na Western Reiki" (Ọ bụrụ na ị na-aga ozi ọma ọzọ, Doi 1998: 54). Site na ,ntanetị, Doi mere njikọ na ndị North America na European Reiki na-arụ ọrụ wee bụrụ onye nkụzi Japanese mbụ pụtara ìhè na-akụzi na mpụga Japan kemgbe njem nkuzi Hayashi na Hawaiian Islands na 1937-1938. Ọ bụ otu n'ime ndị isi okwu na mbụ Usui Reiki Ryoho International ogbako na Vancouver ma na-aga n'ihu na-aga njem ma na-akụzi mba ụwa n'agbanyeghị na ọ bụ agadi.

E nwere akụkọ ihe mere eme nke esemokwu, ọbụnadị nlelị, n'etiti usoro dịgasị iche iche nke Reiki. N'etiti ndị otu Western Reiki, Barbara Weber ama ama na ọ bụ naanị ya nyere Takata na ụmụ akwụkwọ Master ndị ọzọ Takata ga-esokwa ya zụọ. Taa Yamaguchi Tadao na-ekwu ihe yiri ya na nne ya nyere Inamoto Hyakuten tupu ọ nwụọ. Na Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai enwebeghị mmasị na mmekọrịta na usoro ndị ọzọ ruo ọtụtụ iri afọ, na-adịbeghị anya na-ekwenye ịnakwere ndị otu na-amụbu Western Reiki na mbụ. Eziokwu ahụ bụ na Doi na-akụzi ụdị ọrụ ha gbanwere na-enweghị ikike enyereghị aka. Ọ bụ ezie na ọtụtụ ndị na-arụ ọrụ Reiki na-enweta mbido na ihe karịrị otu agbụrụ, ma o yiri ka a na-agagharị na nnagide nke esemokwu na nkwenkwe na omume, esemokwu agbụrụ na-anọgide na atụmanya nke udo zuru oke n'ọdịnihu dị ka ọ gaghị adị.

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Ọ bụ ezie na ụfọdụ n'ime ihe ndị dị na Usui Reiki Ryōho na-adọta ọdịnala okpukpe ma yie ihe omume okpukpe, a na-ajụ ajụjụ banyere ma ọ bụ "okpukpe". Gọọmenti Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai na ndị ọrụ Reiki Ryōho ndị dịka Hayashi Reiki Kenkyūkai so n'òtù dị iche iche dị na Japan "nke mepụtara gburugburu otu onye okpukpe okpukpe, dịka onye na-agba afa ma ọ bụ onye na-agwọ ọrịa nke nwere ọtụtụ ndị ahịa na ndị nnọchiteanya oge niile, mana ha abughi ndi otu ndi otu okpukpe choro ma obu choro ndebanye aha dika ndi a "(Reader 2015: 10-11). Iji mara ọdịiche dị n'etiti òtù ndị dị otú ahụ na òtù okpukpe dị iche iche, Shimazono ji okwu ahụ bụ "ọhụụ ime mmụọ ọhụrụ" mepụtara (shin reisei undō 2004). Mana, dika Bodiford na-ede gbasara njikọ n'etiti Japanese martial arts na okpukpere chi, dika "obuna na odida anyanwu ... okwu ndia okpukpe na ime mmụọ enweghi nkwenye na nkwuputa ndi mmadu kwuputara ... o kwesiri ibu ihe ijuanya ... na ihe ha ji eme ihe na Japan bu ihe ngbagha mgbe nile "(2001: 472).

Enwere ike itinye nyocha nke Bodiford na ọnụọgụ ọ bụla nke ọdịnala ndị Japan, mana ọ nwere ike bụrụ na ọ dabara adaba na Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai nke oge agha tupu oge agha, nke yiri nka agha ya n'oge a n'ọtụtụ ụzọ: njirimara ya na ihe omimi nke eze ukwu. ofufe, njikọ ya na echiche ndị agha Japan maka "agụmakwụkwọ ime mmụọ" (dị ka igwe), okwu banyere Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai dị ka dōjō, ihe omumu akwukwo nke yiri nke ryūha usoro nke omenala omenala ya na-ekwusi ike na ọkwa ndị isi na ezinụlọ ezinụlọ, na nkwa (kishōmon) iji kpuchido ihe nzuzo esoteric nke a kụziiri ụmụ akwụkwọ tozuru oke. Dị ka anyị hụworo, ọtụtụ n'ime ndị na-eso ụzọ kachasị elu nke Usui, gụnyere ndị isi abụọ ahụ nọchiri ya, bụ ndị isi ụgbọ mmiri dị elu, na ndị isi ndị isi nke Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai kwuru na ndị isi ndị a chere na Usui Reiki Ryōhō ga-abụ ọrụ bara uru maka ndị ọrụ agha. omume.

Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai taa na-eche ihe ịma aka dị adị. Nraranye ya iji jigide omume ọdịnala ya, gụnyere iwu nke iji nwayọọ nwayọọ na-aga n'ihu ruo ọtụtụ afọ na enweghị njikere ịkpọsa iji dọta ndị otu ọhụrụ, jikọtara ya na ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị otu na-adịgide na ndị okenye. Ọ bụ ezie na ndị ọrụ Reiki mụ na ha kwurịtara okwu, ma na Japan ma na mba ọzọ, gosipụtara nnukwu mmasị ịbanye na Usui Reiki Ryōhō Gakkai, usoro ya na-eme ka o sie ike isonye, ​​n'ihi atumatu chọrọ nkwenye nke onye otu ugbu a na ikike ịbịachi nzukọ anya , nke a na-emekarị na mpaghara Tokyo. Dịka a na-eduzi nzukọ naanị n'asụsụ Japanese, nnukwu ihe ọmụma banyere asụsụ Japanese bụkwa ihe achọrọ. A na-ahụ iwu ndị a dị ka ihe nchebe ịhapụ ndị otu nwere obi eziokwu banyere ịmalite ọrụ ha maka ịkụ mkpụrụ nke mmụọ na ịgwọ ndị ọzọ kama ịtụkwasị ọnọdụ ha ugwu na uru ihe onwunwe. N'oge mgbe atụmatụ ọtụtụ nde mmadụ gburugburu ụwa na-eme omume sitere na Usui Mikao, na mgbe obodo Reiki ndị a na-akpọku maka omume ndị mere eme nke akụkọ ihe mere eme, ọ bụ ihe na-eju anya na nzukọ nke chebere ụdị omenala ndị Usui na-agbasi mbọ ike ịnọgide na-enwe ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị otu n'ihi nrara ha raara onwe ha nye ụkpụrụ ya.

Foto

Foto #1: Image nke Usui.
Foto # 2: nkume ncheta nke Usui.
Image # 3: The * gokai * (Iwu Ise) n'aka Usui.
Image #4: Foto nke Reiki aka na-agwọ ọrịa.
Image #5: Foto nke Hawayo Takata.

References

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Ụbọchị Post:
14 November 2016

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