Venetia Robertson

Therianthropy

NDỊ ỤLỌ ỤLỌ

1992: alt.horror.werewolves (AHWW) hiwere na Usenet maka ndị egwuregwu wolf; White Wolf ọrụ-play egwuregwu, Werewolf Apocalypse, wepụtara.

1993: alt.fan.dragon tọrọ ntọala maka ndị na-agba dragọn.

1994: E mepụtara nsụgharị mbụ nke AHWW FAQ; nzukọ mbụ ma ọ bụ "Howl," emere na Ohio, US

1995: Ajụjụ AHWW e degharịrị jiri nkebi ahịrịokwu "Spiritual Therianthropy."

1996:  Akwụkwọ Shapeshifter na Werewolf Handbook or Codex Yaiolani dere ya; A na-ahazi mgbasa ozi akụkọ alt.lifestyle.furry maka ụzụ; Jakkal ji ihe osise jikọta uwe elu AHWW; E mere EuroHowl nke mbụ na Wales, a na-emeghe ndị na-eme ihe nkiri n'Intanet.

1997: “Oge Uche nke afọ ojuju” AHWW mere ka ndị ọrụ kwaga na weebụsaịtị ndị ọzọ; anụ ọhịa wolf 'zine Fang, Mboanuohia & ígwè tọrọ ntọala.

1998: nke Roy Wilkinson Ị Bụ Ainyom? E bipụtara ebe nrụọrụ weebụ. Kwere mgbe niile na-adị ndụ.

1999: Werenet hiwere dika ihe ozo nye AHWW.

2000s: E nwere mmụba nke Therianthropy isiokwu na-arụkọ ọrụ ọnụ, ozi na saịtị nkeonwe (dịka LiveJournal); E gosipụtara ihe odide ndị ọzọ na-abụghị mmadụ na ọdịbendị a ma ama (dịka Sookie Stackhouse franchise / ezi Blood ).

2000: Shifters.org tọrọ ntọala, na-akwado Therianthropy edemede na Awereness forum; DragonCon mere ka ndi mmadu ghara ichota mmadu; Rosalyn Greene bipụtara Ime Anwansi nke Shapeshifting.

2001: Werelist malitere, ghọọ isi nzukọ Therianthropy; Otherkin gbara ajụjụ ọnụ maka isiokwu dị na Obodo Obodo Obodo.

2003: Emere akara ngosi delta iji gosipụta Therianthropy.

2006: E bipụtara Lupa Ogbugbo na Ọkụ, Ọbara na Egburu.

2007: E bipụtara Lupa Ntuziaka Ubi nke Na-enye Aka.

2008: E gosipụtara ndị na-ede akwụkwọ na akwụkwọ akụkọ Ezigbo Ezi na Freaky: Ụmụ mmadụ.

2010: Orion Scribner malitere ịkọ akụkọ ihe mere eme nke obodo Therian na ndị ọzọ.

2013: Nlekọta mmụta izizi miri emi nke Therianthropy pụtara na edemede nke Venetia Robertson na akwụkwọ Danielle Kirby Echiche efu na nkwenye. Akwụkwọ, Echere m na m bụ anụmanụ, bụ banyere Therianthropy.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

Therianthropes ma ọ bụ ndị na-eto eto bụ ụmụ mmadụ bụ ndị na-ewere dịka ụmụ anụmanụ. Akpọrọ ha "akụkụ anụ" (ma ọ bụ "n'akụkụ" ma ọ bụrụ na ha nwere otutu) dịka "ọkpụkpụ" ma ọ bụ "ihe omimi" ma nwee ụdị anụ ọ bụla ma ọ bụ ụdị, ezigbo, egwu, mepụtara, ma ọ bụ akụkọ ifo. A na-eji okwu ahụ bụ "Therianthropy" kọwapụta ma ọnọdụ a na-elebanye anya na obodo nke ndị nwere ya. Okwu ahụ bụ "therianthrope" jikọtara Grik maka "anụ ọhịa" (mgbatị) na "mmadụ" (anthropos), a na-ejikwa ya eme ihe iji kọwaa ụdị ụdị ahụ dịka e gosipụtara na nkà mmụta tupu oge ochie na akụkọ ifo oge ochie. E nwere ike ịmepụta ihe ndị e kere eke na-agwakọta ma ihe ndị mmadụ na ụmụ anụmanụ nwere dị ka oge Aurignacian nke Europe (nke 40,000 afọ tupu oge a), ihe atụ ndị a ma ama bụ löwenmensch , onye ọdụm nke nwere isi ọdụm nke si na Germany na ihe osise French nke a maara dị ka The Sorcerer ”nke Les Trois. Anụmanụ Anthropomorphic, ngwakọ ụmụ mmadụ na anụmanụ, na ndị na-eme mgbanwe n'ụdị na-apụta n'ọtụtụ akụkọ ifo na usoro nkwenkwe ụwa. Therianthropes nke oge a, dị ka Wolf Van Zandt (2010) onye wuru usoro iheomume nke Therian na-agbatị site na prehistoric ruo ugbu a, nwere ike ịlele usoro ndị a dị ka ihe ngosi nke akụkọ ntolite nke ndị mmadụ na-achọpụta mmadụ; Agbanyeghị, obodo dị ka ọ dị taa bịara naanị na mbido 1990, site na mwepụta nke webụsaịtị ụwa. E nwere ọtụtụ usoro iheomume zuru ezu na akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Therianthropy nke ndị otu obodo chịkọtara (House of Chimeras 2015; Wolf Van Zandt nd; Orion Scribner 2013).

Obodo nwere njikọ dị ike na ngalaba na ndị ọzọ na-abụghị mmadụ, ọtụtụ karịsịa Furry Fandom na Thekin. Ndị na-agbapụ ọkụ bụ ndị nwere mmasị miri emi na anụmanụ anthropomorphic (mgbe ọ na-esekarị ma ọ bụ "anthro") nkà na mgbasa ozi, habụ ndị a na-ahụkarị site na mmemme cosplay ha, nke nwere ike ịgụnye ihe ọ bụla site na iyi anụ anụmanụ na-adịghị mma na ọdụ iji nye ụdị mascot zuru oke "fursuit" iji gosipụta "fursona" nke mmadụ (Gerbasi et al 2008: 98). Ndị ọzọ bụ obodo nke ndị mmadụ na-enweghị njikọ mmadụ; ọkachasị, ha na-amata dị ka akụkọ ifo ma ọ bụ ike karịrị mmadụ dị ka akụkọ, ndị ọbịa, ma ọ bụ vampires. Otu abụọ a sitere na akụkọ sayensị, echiche efu, na akwụkwọ nkwekọrịta na-atọ ọchị nke 1960s-1980s, na mgbakọ mbụ Furry na-eme na 1989 na California. Ohere inweta ịkparịta ụka mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya mụbara nke ukwuu na nnweta nke ịntanetị otu oge. Ndị na-eme njem nwere ike itinye aka na Furry Fandom ma nwee ike chee na ha bụ ndị ọzọ, ma gbasara Therianthropy dị ka alaka nke Ọzọ ma ọ bụ nwee ma ọ bụ ọtụtụ ọzọ na Thekinthrope. Ka o sina dị, òtù Therianthropy dị iche na ngalaba ndị a metụtara.

Ndi mmadu ndi mmadu ndi mmadu bi na aru mmadu na-eme ka ndi mmadu mara ihe taa, ihe ndi mmadu dika Marvel Comic's Spiderman bu ihe omuma. Agbanyeghị, site na ogologo akụkọ ihe mere eme na West, akụkọ ifo nke anụ ọhịa wolf nọgidere na-abụ onye isi dị ka onye masịrị ya. Ọbụghị naanị na anụ ọhịa wolf wand na-enye ike maka okike nke obodo ịntanetị nke Therianthropy ga-esi na-eto eto, mana anụ ọhịa wolf abụrụla nke a na-ahụkarịkarị na obodo Therianthropy. Ihe nkiri na akụkọ ifo nke ọkara mbụ nke narị afọ nke iri abụọ chọtara ụzọ ọhụrụ na ihe okike iji kwughachi echiche nke mgbanwe ụmụ mmadụ na anụmanụ dị ka ihe atụ maka ihe egwu nke ndị ala ọzọ, mmekọahụ, na ndị ọzọ "enweghị nghọta" ma hụ na akụkọ ifo nke therianthropy ga-aga n'ihu na-eto eto (Bourgault du Coudray 2006). Na ihe atụ mbụ dị ịrịba ama sitere na Hollywood, 1935 Werewolf nke London , onye na-eme ihe nkiri Jack Pierce mere ka ọ bụrụ na ọ na-egosi na ọ bụ anthropomorphic na-agbanwe agbanwe, na-egosi na ọ bụ anụ ọhịa wolf-anụ ọhịa nke ga-eme ka ọ bụrụ isi ya na-esote afọ.

The classic Nwoke Wolf (1941), ebe Larry Talbot nke na-enweghị ihe ọ bụla na-adọrọ n'agha gaa n'ọgba aghara na-ebute site na ọrịa Romani anụ ọhịa, bụ ma eleghị anya ihe mbụ a na-akpọkarị pentagram na ọlaọcha dị ka ihe nnọchianya na talism ndị metụtara lycanthropy. The 1942 psychological thriller Ndị Kat kwusiri ike na njikọ dị n'etiti amoosu, omenala ndị ọzọ (oge a Serbia), mgbanwe (n'ime panther) , na inwe mmekọahụ (ụmụ nwanyị), dị ka onye na-agwọ ọrịa bụ Irena enweghị ike ịhapụ onwe ya ka ọ kpalie ya n'ihi ụjọ nke ntụgharị asụsụ. Usoro mgbanwe dị ka ihe jikọrọ ya na oge ntorobịa, mmekorita nke ngwaahịa a gbanwere dị ka isi iyi nke agụụ, na ikike ịgbanwe dị ka nke dị n'okpuru ala, ga-aga n'ihu bụrụ isiokwu nke ịhụnanya, ọchị, na nsụgharị dị egwu nke akụkọ wolf. , n'ihi na ihe atụ na Angela Carter si dị mkpirikpi akụkọ Na Ụlọ ọrụ nke Wolves (1979), ihe omimi nke biara Teen Wolf (1985), na ndị ezinụlọ "hillbilly" nke anụ ọhịa na-eri anụ na ndị ọgwụ ọjọọ riri ahụ ike nke ndị na-agba akwụkwọ na Charlaine Harris 'Sookie Stackhouse akwụkwọ akụkọ (2001-2013) na mmegharị nke Alan Ball maka televishọn ezi Blood (2008-2014). Ndi ozo nke mmadu bu ndi mmadu bu ndi mmadu bu ndi mmadu na-achoghariri n'ime ihe ndi ozo di iche iche ha na ndi mmadu meghariri ihe ndi ozo di iche iche.

Na 1992, e hiwere otu mkpokọta akụkọ, alt.horror.werewolves ma ọ bụ AHWW, na Usenet maka ndị nwere mmasị ịkọwa akụkọ ifo, akụkọ ihe nkiri, na akụkọ ifo. Site na mbido a na-enweghị atụ malitere na Therianthropes mbụ mara nke ọma, ndị mmadụ gosipụtara onwe ha dịka mmadụ, mana anụmanụ nọ na isi ha. Emepụtara ndị isi obodo .alt nke Usenet nke AHWW tinye n'ọrụ maka isiokwu "ọzọ", ndị na-anaghị ekpuchi isi edemede. Dịka otu n'ime usoro izizi maka mkparịta ụka n'ịntanetị, bọọdụ mkpọsa Usenet ghọrọ ngwa ngwa maka mkparịta ụka okpukpe (Helland 2007), yana usoro anaghị edozi. iyi a kwadoro maka ọtụtụ 'fringe' isiokwu na otu, yana alt.religion.scientology, alt.pagan, alt.religion.mormon, alt.astrology, alt.paranet.ufo, alt.magick, alt.satanism niile nke gosiputara iri abuo kachasi akuko na 1995 (Kinney 1995: 769). Nkwenye anwansi, Afọ Ọhụrụ, na echiche anwansi gosipụtara na Usenet site na mbido 1983 bụ ihe na-egosi nhụjuanya nke teknụzụ na ụdị mgbasa ozi na-egosi Pagan na obodo metaphysical (Kinney 1995), mmekọrịta dị n'etiti mmepe nke otu ndị a na ọkwa izugbe, yana nke akọwapụtara nke ọma na njem Therianthropy bụ ihe atụ.

A na-eji ụzọ ntanetị ndị ọzọ eji eme ihe maka nchịkọta nke aha ndị ọzọ na-abụghị nke mmadụ na nke interspecies, dịka listi nzipu ozi maka mkparịta ụka na egwuregwu ụwa dị egwu (otu MUD ma ọ bụ Ụlọ Ọrụ Ndị Ọtụtụ) FurryMUCK maka igwu egwu, mana isi oghere maka ịkparịta ụka n'Ịntanet n'etiti ndị na-ahụ anụmanụ na oge a bụ Usenet. Ngwurugwu nke ihe ime mmụọ site na mkparịta ụka n'etiti ndị na-agba anụ na-agba agba na AHWW bụ n'ihu ngosipụta nke ike dị mma na nke na-arụpụta nke ọdịbendị na-ewu ewu, nkwenkwe nke metaphysical, na usoro mgbasa ozi nke Intanet. N'ime ụbọchị ole ọ malitere ntọala, isiokwu ahụ gbanwere site na nkwenye maka akụkọ ọdịdị nke okike na ihe ndekọ onwe onye nke paranormal, nke kachasị mkpa, na posters na-ekwu na ọ bụ ndụ dị ndụ, mmiri, na ụdị anụ ndị ọzọ (Robertson 2013: 15). Ọ bụ ezie na mbụ ejiri obi abụọ na-emeso ya, mmekọrịta siri ike na echiche na ahụmahụ nke inwe onye ọzọ na-abụghị mmadụ bụ n'oge na-adịghị anya ghọọ nzube bụ isi nke akụkọ akụkọ ahụ.

Ndị 1990s hụrụ mmasị na-aga n'ihu n'àgwà egwuregwu wolf ndị a na-egosipụta na omenala a na-ewu ewu n'ọtụtụ iri afọ tupu mgbe ahụ, ya na onye omekorị mara mma nke Hollywood bụ Jack Nicholson na-ewere ọrụ lycanthrope ya Wolf (1994) na ntọhapụ nke ọtụtụ sequels na mbụ thrillers dị ka Ọ bụ mkpu (1981) na American Werewolf (1981). Ntọhapụ 1992 nke egwuregwu egwuregwu White Wolf, Werewolf: Apocalypse, gbakwunyere ihe omumu nke gburugburu ebe obibi na akuko ahu, tinyere ndi wolf, ndi mmadu bu ndi ozo dika ndi nchebe nke uwa na umu mmadu mgbe nile dika onye iro ojoo. Ntughari nke arianthrope nke a na-achoghi na o nwere obi ebere ma obu dike nwere ike ihuta dika ihe ozo nye ndi ozo nke ndi ozo. O mere ka o doo anya na otutu n'ime obodo AHWW choro ichota maka nkowa nke ndi anumanu dika ike maka ihe oma, nke akwukwo a na AHWW sitere 1994 gosiputara: "Ha [werewolves] na-anọchite anya o nwere ike ime mgbanwe na nrigo karia iwu, ma ha ga-emeso ma obi ụtọ na ihe mgbu metụtara nke a. Ha bụ olileanya anyị ịbụ ihe karịrị mmadụ. Ihe ka mma "(nke e dere na Robertson 2013: 15).

Site na etiti 1990s, AHWW jupụtara na nkà mmụta sayensị, akụkọ, na mkparịta ụka onwe onye gbasara ndụ dị ka ihe nchịkọta. Ọ bụghị naanị anụ ọhịa wolf, kama aghara aghara, bat, na ọtụtụ windigowak (ndị mmụọ ọjọọ nke ndị Algonquian), na-akọrọ ahụmahụ ha maka ịbanye n'ime anụmanụ site na nrọ, ntụgharị uche, ntụgharị ihu igwe, njem astral, ma ọ bụ site na mberede ọdachi. Ndị ọzọ usenet, dị ka alt.lifestyle.furry na alt.fan.dragon pụta, na-enye ohere maka iche iche nke mmasị pụrụ iche na ụmụ anụmanụ ma ọ bụ nke anụ ọhịa (Scribner 2012: 5, 40; House of Chimeras 2015). Site na 1994, isi obodo na isi ihe nke AHWW ka egosipụtara, site na mgbasa ozi nke mbụ nke FAQ ha.

Ajụjụ ndị ahụ na-egosi na nzube nke akụkọ akụkọ ahụ aghọwo mkparịta ụka gbasara ọdịdị ime mmụọ na nke ọha mmadụ nke ndị ọzọ na-abụghị mmadụ. Dika otu onye oru nyochaghariri, na oge ya, AHWW "bu otu ndi nkwado maka mmuo nke ime mmuo. E nwere àgwà nke nchekwube, ọ bụkwa ebe a na-ezukọta maka ndị toro eto na-eche echiche na-abịa ma na-ekwurịta banyere mmetụta na ahụmịhe ha na-eche na ha bụ ndị na-adịghị mma. Oge a bụ oge nnwere onwe dị ukwuu, mmụta, na ọkwa ọhụrụ nke ntozu okè "(Yaiolani 1996). Echiche nke mmekọrịta enyi na-eche site n'aka ndị isi na AHWW dị oké mkpa maka ihe ịga nke ọma nke ìgwè ahụ, ọ na-enyekwa ha ohere ịmepụta njikọ siri ike. Dị ka otu onye kwupụtara: "ọ bụ ezie na anyị nwere ike iche iche site na ọtụtụ puku kilomita, site na Ịntanetị na akụkọ ozi a, anyị na-ejikọ. Anyị na-aghọ mkpọ, ezinụlọ na-eme nke ọma, nchịkọta nke ndị nwere mmetụta, echiche na ọhụụ. Na owu ọmụma, ihe na-achọ ịchọta, na-adị mfe ntakịrị "(nke e dere na Robertson 2012: 264). N'ịzaghachi na "ọrịa" a, na 1994 ụfọdụ ndị America nke AHWW haziri ndokwa mbụ "Howl" ma ọ bụ ezigbo ndụ; Europe ga-ebu ụzọ na UK na 1996 (Scribner 2012: 40).

Ejiri otutu okwu dika "lycanthrope," "onye ozo," na "ndi ozo" bu ndi mmadu na-achoputa na ha bu anu anumanu, mana ndi mmadu bu ndi anu wolf mere otutu ihe edere lupine. Mgbe e weghaara Ajụjụ nyochaghachi na 1995, ọ bịara doo anya na okwu nke ịhọrọ bụ "therianthrope," nke a na-agbakwụnye aha. Ajụjụ a mekwara ka okwu ahụ bụ "Therianthropy Spiritual" dị ka "ikike ịtụgharị uche n'ọnọdụ mmadụ nkịtị nke iche echiche na imeghachi omume na anụmanụ" (AHWW Core-FAQ 1997). A weputara ndị ọrụ AHWW nghoputa nke afọ a, yana onye ọzọ na 1997, maka mmasị ịmatakwu banyere ihe ndị na-emekarị ka ha kwenye na ndị ọzọ karịa mmadụ. Ihe sitere na 1997 gosipụtara ụdị mmadụ ndị yiri ya na akụkọ mbụ, na nkezi afọ nke ndị nabatara na iri abụọ na atọ, ihe karịrị ọkara bụ ndị America, ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọkara bụ ụmụ akwụkwọ, pasent iri asaa na ise bụ nwoke na nwanyị iri abụọ na ise, na-eme ka ndị na-ekpe okpukpe Katọlik na omenala ndị anwansi ma ọ bụrụ na okpukpe, na nnukwu nwamba na-esochi nnukwu nwamba. E nwere anụmanụ ndị ọzọ (dị ka anụ ọhịa bea, dolphins, nnụnụ) na ụdị okike ihe omimi (dị ka phoenix na dragọn), na-anọchite anya ya (Utlah 1997). N'ime ọrụ ndekọ dị otú ahụ, na 1995, e webatara usoro nke "WereCards," na-enye ndị ọrụ nwere template ha nwere ike ịjupụta, kọwapụta ha Therian, nke ga-abanye na nchekwa data maka ndị ọzọ na-agụ (Utlah nd; Scribner 2012: 33).

Na 1996, ìgwè ahụ mepụtara uwe elu na-emepụta ihe site na Therianthrope Jakkal (Jakkal 1999), ngosipụta doro anya maka mmetụta dị iche nke onwe. Gburugburu oge a, Akwụkwọ Shapeshifter na Werewolf Handbook a makwaara dị ka Codex , Yaiolani tinyere ihe mgbaru ọsọ nke ichikota ihe omuma banyere odidi nke ndi di-okike, ntaneti na aka. Ọ kọwapụtara akụkọ mkpirikpi akụkọ nke Therianthropy movement (Yaiolani 1996). N'agbanyeghị nke ahụ, dị ka ndị ọhụrụ sooro AHWW, obodo dị ugbu a malitere inwe mkpirikpi. Site n'inwewanye ọhụụ, ndị na-eme ihe ike na ndị nkatọ na-elebara anya, na-achọ ịkwa emo na mkparịta ụka ụmụ anụmanụ na ụmụ mmadụ. Iji nye ohere maka ntinye ma ọ bụ ngbanye ọzọ maka mkparịta ụka, a malitere usoro mgbasa ozi IRC, ọtụtụ ndị òtù AHWW wee malite ịmalite ịmalite ikwurịta ma ọ bụ listi nzipu kama ịdabere na akụkọ akụkọ (Jakkal 1999). A 'zine a na-akpọ Fang, Mboanuohia & ígwè (Wessner 1997-2006), e guzobere maka ndị na-anụ anụ ọhịa nke ụdị dịgasị iche iche nke ntinye na njirimara ndị na-enwe obi ụtọ na ndị mmadụ na-eme ka ndị mmadụ na-eme ihe dị ka e si egosi ya site na isiokwu, akụkọ ntụrụndụ, egwuregwu, na ihe osise.

Oge na 1997, nke a kara akara dị ka "oge oyi nke afọ ojuju," hụrụ mbibi ọzọ nke AHWW ka mkparịta ụka banyere 'agha ọkụ,' arụmụka mmegide na-esitekarị na ndị na-abụghị ndị jụrụ ma ọ bụ na-akwa emo nkwenkwe nke ndị otu bi na Therian (AHWW 1997; Jakkal 1999). Ka o siri dị, Usenet kwụsịrị ịbụ ụlọ nke obodo Therianthropy, yana usoro saịtị ndị ọzọ ka e mepụtara iji zụlite ya, dịka WereNet (1999) na Shifters.Org nke Jakkal (2000) na-agba ọsọ, na Therianthropy.Org (2000) nọgidere na-enwe. site na Uath na nke ga anabata ulo nzuko a di nkpa Nkwupụta, na 2001 The Werelist, otu isi ọgbakọ dị mkpa, mepere ma chịkwaa Coyote. The Werelist na-aga n'ihu taa, ọ bụ ezie na Awereness bụ akụkọ a na-akọ ugbu a na nzukọ a na-ekwu maka mbilite n'ọnwụ ya n'olileanya nke iweghachị ụfọdụ ọkụ nke ụbọchị AHWW. Saịtị etinyere maka anụmanụ a kapịrị ọnụ mepụtara, o yighị ka ọ bụ amaghị banyere ije Therianthropy na-eto eto, dị ka obodo Unicorn, kpaliri akwụkwọ Roy Wilkinson. Ị Bụ Ainyom? Ozi na Nzube nke Unicorns na ebe nrụọrụ weebụ Kwere mgbe niile site na Fadeyr ny h-Emshir nke abụọ bịara na 1998, ọ bụ ezie na ha onwe ha (Ụlọ Chimeras 2014).

N'ihe dị ka narị afọ iri ọhụrụ ahụ, e nwekwuola mmekọrịta netwọk na ntanetị ntanetị ọbụla. Ndị nlekọta na-elekọta obodo otu na ibe nke onwe na LiveJournal, Yahoo Groups, blọọgụ, wepụtara agụmakwụkwọ ma ọ bụ vidiyo nke onwe na Therianthropy site na YouTube, ma taa ha na-enwe ọnụnọ dị ịrịba ama na Tumblr. Ihe ngosi, theta-delta, mepụtara na 2003 site na ndị na-enye aka na The Werelist, ụfọdụ ndị na-eme ya gosipụtara na ma na offline. Ihe mejupụtara ya bụ mkpụrụedemede Greek theta, leta izizi nke therios, na Delta, na-akọwa mgbanwe; ọ bụ favicon nke saịtị wiki nke obodo (Therian Wikia “Theta Delta” nd). Amabeghị mgbe obodo Therianthropy bịara nwee mmekọrịta chiri anya na obodo ndị ọzọ dị ka ọ dị taa. Ndị obodo nwere ọtụtụ ihe ntanetị, na, na 2000, a na-ekwu na nnọkọ oriri na ọ fụ fụ na DragonCon na-achịkọta ụmụ anụmanụ, ike karịrị nke mmadụ, na vampire iji mata "nzukọ ndụ n'ezie na udo ma na-arụpụta," ka Van Zandt ( 2010). Dragọn, dị ka Unicorns na anụ ọhịa ndị ọzọ dị egwu, na-enye njikọ doro anya n'etiti otu abụọ ahụ, mana dịka njikọ ndị ọzọ metụtara mmegharị nke mmadụ, dị ka ị drinkingụ ọbara na Vampires na-eme ka ike gwụ ha, ha mepụtara usoro nzuzo nke ha.

Ọ bụ ezie na ọtụtụ akwụkwọ sitere na ndị edemede Pagan edewo banyere isiokwu anwansi na-eji akụkụ anụ, chi, mmụọ, na mkpụmkpụ, na-ekwu n'ụzọ doro anya ịkọwa dịka ụmụ anụmanụ. Na 2000, Rosalyn Greene bipụtara Ime Anwansi nke Shapeshifting , bụ nke kọwara ọtụtụ n'ime ahụmahụ nke ndị Theria. Otú ọ dị, ọ bụ isi iyi nke nnukwu esemokwu: onye edemede ahụ weghaara mkparịta ụka ndị a na - enwe n'ime obodo Therian (ọ bụ ezie na n'enweghị eji okwu ahụ bụ Therian, kama jiri okwu ahụ bụ "lean," nke na - adabereghị na ya), ma na - isi (Ụlọ Chimeras 2015). Ọzọkwa, ọ na-akwalite usoro maka ngbanwe nke anụ ahụ, ya bụ, mgbanwe zuru oke site na mmadụ n'ime anụmanụ, nke ọtụtụ ndị na-arụ ụka na-arụ ụka n'ụzọ dị mwute abụghị ihe na-agaghị ekwe omume, na nkwupụta ha chọrọ ịhapụ onwe ha. Lupa, onye na-ede akwụkwọ mpako, na, n'oge ahụ, anụ ọhịa wolf Therian, bụ onye wuru aha ya, buru ụzọ dee banyere Therianthropy na Ogbugbo na Ọkụ, Ọbara na Egburu (2006) wee gbasaa mkparịta ụka ahụ na ndị ọzọ na-abụghị mmadụ Ntuziaka Ubi nke Na-enye Aka (2007), na-esite na ahụmịhe ya na obodo ma na-enyocha ọtụtụ ndị na-agba ajụjụ ọnụ. Ọkwá ya na nghọta ya mere ka ndị ọrụ a na-anabata ma na-asọpụrụ ndị ọrụ karịa mkpuchi nke mbụ nke Greene.

Iji kụziere ọha na eze gbasara Therianthropy, ọtụtụ ndị na-akpọ Theria na-ede akwụkwọ. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, a gbara ajụjụ ọnụ maka Coyote, onye okike The Werelist Ụdị, Ezi na Freaky: Ụmụ mmadụ maka Anụmanụ Ntanetị na 2008, na Shiro Ulv, onye nchoputazi ugbu a na WulfHowl forum, na-apụta na Echere m na m bụ anụmanụ (2013). Ndị nlekọta na ndị ọzọ na-ahụkarị ọtụtụ isiokwu dị na iri gara aga, ọtụtụ n'ime ha ka edepụtara n'ime ha (AnOtherWiki 2013) na nke mbụ maka Obodo Obodo Obodo akpọ Elven dị ka m "site na 2001. Ọmụmụ ihe ọmụmụ nke a raara nye ndị obodo Therianthropy sitere na nkụzi nke ọmụmụ ihe (Robertson 2012; Robertson 2013), nkà mmụta uche (Grivell et al 2014), na òtù interdisciplinary nke gụnyere ndị ọkà mmụta na ndị Theria. Dị ka ihe atụ, Therianthropy Research Group (Grivell et al 2014-2015) na Team Anthropomorphic Research Project (Gerbasi, Kathleen na al. 2011-2015) na-anakọta data site na obodo. Obodo a n'onwe ya maara nke ọma n'ịkọwapụta akụkọ ihe mere eme na ịkọwapụta nke oge a nke Therianthropy, nke gosipụtara oge na ihe ndị Wolf Van Zandt, Ụlọ Chimeras, na Orion Scribner dere.

ỤLỌ / EKWERE

Enweghi nkwenye, echiche, ma obu omume ndi edere na obodo Therianthropy, ndi otu ya gosiputara otutu echiche na uzo banyere okpukpe. Ọnọdụ ime mmụọ bụ ihe dị mkpa na mmepe nke mmegharị ahụ kemgbe mmalite ya na AHWW, yana dịka akọwara na 1995 Ajụjụ, bụkarị akụkụ dị mkpa nke njirimara Therian: "Anyị ndị kwere na Therianthropy ime mmụọ… nọ n'etiti, ọkara anụmanụ na ọkara mmadụ na ọgụgụ isi-nke uche, ma ọ bụ nke ime mmụọ, ndị na-agbanwe ọdịdị ”(Core-FAQ 1997). Agbanyeghị, enwere echiche siri ike nke "mmụọ, mana nke na-abụghị nke okpukpe" n'etiti ọtụtụ ndị na-eto eto, opekata mpe banyere etu ekwesịrị ịghọta Therianthropy n'onwe ya. Ọ bụ ezie na ahụmịhe ahụ nwere ike ịbụ nke mmụọ ma nwee mmụọ ime mmụọ, ọtụtụ kwenyesiri ike na nke a apụtaghị na obodo kwesịrị ịhụ ka okpukperechi ma ọ bụ “otu nzuzo”. Akwụkwọ mmeghe nke Therian Wilderness Forum na-eme ka ọnọdụ a doo anya: "Therian Wilderness bụ obodo a raara nye kewapụrụ ezigbo echiche nke Otherkin na Therianthropy, nke ime mmụọ na n'ụzọ ndị ọzọ, site n'echiche ndị na-enweghị isi nke gbakọtara na mpaghara ọdịbendị. "Ime mmụọ apụtaghị" Okpukpe "na anyị abụghị okpukpe, ọ bụ ezie na ọtụtụ n'ime ndị otu anyị nwere nkwenkwe okpukpe dị iche" ("About This Forum" nd). Na mbu, Therian Wilderness homepage bu ọkọlọtọ na-ekwu "Anyị abụghị mmadụ na njem mmụọ, anyị bụ mmụọ mmụọ na njem mmadụ." O nwere ike ịbụ na mwepụ ya bụ iji mesie ike na nzukọ ahụ achọghị n'ụzọ ọ bụla ka a hụ ya dị ka usoro "okpukpe".

Inwe umu mmadu bu mmadu bu ihe di iche iche nke neme ka ndi Asiria gbakota onwe ha, obu ezie na ha nwere ike inwe uzo di iche iche na ihe omuma ya, ma obu nke mo. Ụfọdụ ndị na-eto eto na-eche na anụmanụ ha na akụkụ mmadụ dị iche iche dị iche, ebe ndị ọzọ na-ewere onwe ha ka ha bụrụ ngwakọta a na-apụghị ịgbanwe agbanwe. Ihe dị mkpa na akwụkwọ a, n'agbanyeghị ọkwa nke njiko, yiri ka ọ bụ ihe nnọchianya, ọ bụ ezie na mgbe ụfọdụ, ime mmụọ, anụ ahụ, ma dịrị ndụ, liminality (Robertson 2013: 22-23). Dị ka onye Therian na-agba akaebe na nkọwa ha banyere ihe ọ pụtara ịbụ Therianthrope, akụkụ liminal bụ etiti: "N'ụzọ bụ isi, ọ pụtara na ị na-ahụ n'ụzọ ụfọdụ ka ị na-ebiri ohere dị n'etiti mmadụ (anthropos) na anụ ọhịa (mgbatị). Ị nwere ike ikwere na ị bụ mmadụ nke na-ejikọta anụ ọhịa, ma ọ bụ anụ ọhịa anụ ọhịa na ahụ mmadụ, ma ọ bụ nke ọ bụla dịgasị iche iche-isi ihe bụ isi, njedebe nke mmadụ na ndị na-abụghị mmadụ anụmanụ "(Lynx Canadensis 1999). Ịbụ Therianthrope na-akọwachasị ihe ọ bụ ọ bụghị , nke gosipụtara na nkọwa a nke Orion Scribner nyere: “Therianthropes na-egosi na ọ bụ anụmanụ. Anu nke Therianthrope bu nke onwe ya. Anumanu ya onwe ya abughi ndu ndu nke anumanu n'èzí ma obu ihe ojoo, abughi egwuregwu nke ime onwe ya ma obu ihe omuma, o bughi kwa ihe kachasi nma "(2013: 31).

Ọ bụ ezie na a nwere ike ịkọwa ọdịdị nke Therianthropy ma ọ bụ nke sayensị ma ọ bụ nke mmụọ, a ghọtara ya n'ụzọ doro anya na ọ bụ ahụmịhe dị n'ime, ọ bụghị ihe ndị ọzọ ma ọ bụ ihe ndị ọzọ na-emetụta ya. Fọdụ ndị na-eto eto nwere ike ịtụle njirimara ha ka ha nwee ọrịa sitere na mmụọ ma ọ bụ nke uche, mana enwere nkwenye zuru oke nke pathologisation nke ihe a. Enwere ebumnuche dịpụrụ adịpụ site na lycanthropy na-adakarị, echiche efu nke ịbụ anụmanụ, na-abụkarị anụ ọhịa wolf, nke nwere ike igosipụta na omume anụmanụ dịka ịta ụta, ịcha ọkọ ma ọ bụ ịkwa ụja. Otú ọ dị, enwere mmasị na obodo ndị ọzọ karịa mmadụ maka ịnakwere ndị nabatara ihe karịrị otu njirimara, nke nwere ike ịbụ ụdị nwoke, ụdị, na àgwà dịgasị iche. A na-akpọ ndị dị otú a "ọtụtụ"., Mana a na-ahapụ echiche na-ezighi ezi nke okwu psychiatric dịka "ọgba aghara," "ọrịa," ma ọ bụ "nkewa" (Lupa 2007: 76-79). Asụsụ a na-asụkarị iji kọwaa Therianthropy bụ ihe atụ, dịka ọmụmaatụ, metụtara ịlọ ụwa, mkpụrụ obi na-abụghị mmadụ, yana / ma ọ bụ njikọ anwansi na ụwa anụmanụ.

Ọnụ ọgụgụ dị ukwuu nke ndị Theia na-akpọ dị ka ndị na-eme omenala ma ọ bụ ndị na-eme anwansi, nke, na-atụle ihe ndị bụ isi ụmụ anụmanụ na-arụ n'okpukpe ọdịnala na ọdịnala ụmụ amaala na akụkọ ifo oge ochie ha na-abata, abụghị ihe ijuanya. Nye ụfọdụ ndị na-eme omume rụrụ arụnjirimara ha nke oma bu ihe amara nye oru ha, gosiputara site na ngwakọta nke ihe omume Lupa, "therioshamanism" (2008-2014). N'ihe ngosi, echiche anwansi nwere ike inye ndị nwere echiche mmadụ, usoro nkwenkwe, na usoro ndị bara uru dịka ịkọ amụma astral, ịrịọ arịrịọ zuru oke, ma ọ bụ ịbanye na steeti ecstatic na trance, nke nwere ike inyere ha aka inyocha ahụmịhe nke inwe “Anụ ọhịa n'ime.” E nwere ndị Theria na-enweghị okpukpe ma ọ bụ ndị ekweghị na Chineke, yana ndị na-agbaso okpukpe "isi", dị ka Iso Christianityzọ Kraịst. Otu nchegbu ndị Christian Therians kwupụtara bụ nkwenkwe nke mmadụ iche, nke na-eme ka ahụmịhe ha ghara inwe mkpụrụ obi mmadụ. Ajụjụ ọnụ nke ndị na-eme nchọpụta si Mahadum Northampton mere na-egosi na n'ọnọdụ ụfọdụ nghọtahie a nwere ike ịmanye mmadụ ịgbanwe okwukwe, n'okwu a site na Katọlik ruo Paganism, ịchọta ihe ọzọ ga-eme ka njirimara Therianthropic (Grivell et al. 2014: 120) ).

Chọpụta ụdị mmadụ nwere ike ịbụ ihe ọmụma amụrụ amụrụ, oge nghọta, ma ọ bụ, ọzọ, ọrụ na-aga n'ihu nke ime ihe dịka usoro ntuziaka 101 nke ndị Theria mepụtara n'okwu ahụ (dịka ọmụmaatụ, lee "Nchọpụta" na Therian Guide nd). Dị ka ọ dị na obodo ọzọ, ndị na-eme njem oge ụfọdụ na-eji okwu ahụ bụ "edemede" na-akọwa usoro ngosi a. Methodszọ ndị akwadoro maka nchọpụta onwe onye gụnyere introspection, ntụgharị uche, ọnọdụ trance, ekpere na ntuziaka sitere na mmụọ ma ọ bụ chi, yana nyocha omume ụmụ anụmanụ, ebe obibi na anụ ahụ iji mata usoro dị na ndụ mmadụ. Ọ bụ ezie na obodo nwere ike ịbụ ihe enyemaka maka ịmụtakwu ihe gbasara anụmanụ, a na-ekwusi ike ugboro ugboro na, n'ikpeazụ, nghọta onye Therian ọ bụla banyere Therianthropy nke ha dabere na "nnabata onwe onye a na-ekwenyeghị" (Robertson 2013: 19).

Ndị obodo ahụ echepụtala ihe ọmụma dị iche iche maka ụdị ndị dị iche iche nke Therian na-adabere n'ụdị anụmanụ ha na ọkwa ha ngwakọta na mmadụ mmadụ. Saịtị na dọkụmentị dịka Therianthropes United ma ọ bụ Scribner's “Lexicon” (2013) na-enye nkọwapụta sara mbara nke neologism, ahịrịokwu na usoro dị mkpa. Dika eji eji "Lycanthrope" kọwaa anụ wolf Therian, okwu ndị a "Cynanthrope" na "Ailuranthrope" pụtara nkịta na pusi Therian n'otu n'otu. Otu "Cladotherian" nwere uzo nke na-amaghi nkpuru obula, kama o gunyere genus ma obu umu ozo. "Polyweres" bụ ndị Theria nwere ụdị anụmanụ dị iche iche mana iche, na "Polymorphs" nwere theriosides bụ ndị e kere eke mejupụtara. A na - eji “Contherianthropy” kọwaa mmadụ na anụmanụ n'akụkụ ya n'ụzọ zuru oke ma na-adakarị ya; ọzọ, onye Therian “ga-agbanwe” n’etiti echiche mmadụ na anụmanụ ha.

"Ndị na-eme mgbanwe" na-akọwa ụdị ndị dị iche iche ma na-eji nsụgharị dịgasị iche. Nke a nwere ike ịgụnye ntụgharị kpakpando, nrọ na-agbanwe agbanwe, etheric na-agbanwe, na-agbanwe ebe obibi, n'etiti ndị ọzọ. Otú ọ dị, e nwere isi ihe atọ dị na ntụgharị dị n'etiti okwu na ahụmahụ nke Therian: echiche ma ọ bụ m-agbanwe agbanwe, ọdịdị ma ọ bụ ph-agbanwe, na nke anụ ahụ ma ọ bụ p. Ntụgharị uche, nke a pụrụ iji aka ya mee ma ọ bụ kpatara ya site na mberede, mmetụta siri ike, ma ọ bụ ihe ndị ọzọ, ga-eme ka Therian gbanwee ọnọdụ uche ha. N'ihi ya, onye Therian nwere ike ịmalite iche echiche, mee ihe, ma ọ bụ meghachi omume n'ụzọ "anụ". Nke a bụ otu n'ime "mgbaàmà" nke "Therianthropy". A na-eme ka mgbanwe nke ihu igwe na-ebute site na ntụgharị uche. N'okwu a, akụkụ ndị dị n'akụkụ okpuru egwu na-eche ma ọ bụ nwee mmetụta site na Therian, dịka ọmụmaatụ, ọdụ, nku nku, nkịka, n'ụzọ nwere ike ịnwe mmetụta nke amputee. Nkọwa ụfọdụ nke ngbanwe nke ihu igwe na-adabere n'echiche echiche nke astral, aural, ma ọ bụ nke etheric na-adị ndụ ma na-ezighị ezi na-ekwu okwu, ndị ọzọ bụ neurological.

N'ikpeazụ, ngbanwe anụ ahụ, ịgbanwe anụ ahụ na biologically site na mmadụ n'ime anụ, abụwo ihe dị mkpa n'ime ihe ọtụtụ mythsropropic akụkọ ifo. Otú ọ dị, na obodo Therianthropy nke oge a, a na-ewere isiokwu a dị ka nkwanye. Ọ bụ ezie na ọtụtụ nkọwa na nkwenkwe ime mmụọ banyere Therianthropy na-anabata, na-ekere òkè, ma gbaa ume, a na-ewere ụdị ọdịdị dị iche iche dị ka ihe akụkọ, nkà mmụta sayensị na-apụghị imebi, na nkwenkwe ụgha. Dị ka Jakkal si kwuo na post maka ndị ọrụ ọhụrụ nke Werelist, ikwere na ịkpụnye mgbanwe na-abụkarị ihe ịkwa emo nime na n'èzí obodo: "Onye ọ bụla nke na-azọrọ na ha nwere ike ịkpụ akpụ akpụ na-akpụ akpụ ... Ha enweghị ike ịgbanwe n'ime anụmanụ. Mana ha choro ka ị kwenyere ya n'ihi na ha hụrụ mmasị "(Jakkal 2014). Ka o sina dị, mmụgharị ahụ na-anọgide na-enwe nkwurịta okwu na-adịghị agbanwe agbanwe nke mpụga nke forums ndị na-achọ igbochi ya, dị ka The Werelist na The Therian Guide.

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

Okpukpe Therianthropy na-emekarị ka ọ dị mma, na-ekwu na ọ dịghị
ozizi ma ọ bụ ihe odide dị nsọ, anaghị agụnye ememe ma ọ bụ ememme ịmebata iwu ọ bụla, ma ọ dịghị onye nhazi ma ọ bụ mara ọkwa nke ndị ọkachamara. Ka o sina dị, a na-eji ike na mmetụta eme ihe n'ụzọ zuru ezu, ọtụtụ n'ime ụlọ ndị dị n'ime ụlọ na-ewu ụlọ na ebe nrụọrụ weebụ. Site na isiokwu na ndị ọrụ na forums, ikesa ụfọdụ ederede, nkọwapụta, FAQs, na ịkọwapụta, na ịmepụta na itinye nkata ọdịnaya nke na-esite na ya ma tinye uche na ya, a na-emepụta ma nabatara (The Robernton 2014) nke Therianthropy. N'ụzọ na-akpali mmasị, oghere mmekọrịta, dị ka forums, na-ekwukarị na ọ dịghị òtù ọhaneze na-elekọta mmadụ ma jụ ịdị irè nke òtù ndị dị iche iche, dịka "ngwugwu" nke na-eduzi site "mkpụrụedemede". dịka The Werelist ma ọ bụ Therian Wilderness nwere ike ime ka a mmachibido iwu, n'onwe ya nkwupụta nke ikike. Ọ bụ ezie na ndị na-ede akụkọ na mgbasaozi nwere ike ịpụta dị ka ọnụ na-ekwuchitere obodo, nke a abụghị mkpebi obodo. A na-eji okwu bụ "gray muzzles" eme ihe mgbe ụfọdụ iji kọwaa ndị nọ n'ógbè ahụ bụ ndị dịla mkpa dị mkpa kemgbe oge AHWW, na, dị ka aha a na-egosi, a pụrụ ile ha anya dịka "ndị okenye" ​​na ndị nwere amamihe nke dabeere na afọ ha ahụmahụ. Esi na esemokwu na-emetụta ihe ndị a na-egosi na a na-arụ ọrụ nke ike a, a ga-atụlekwa "Therian elitism" (RedFeatherFalconHawk 2011) na mpaghara na-esonụ.

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Dị ka subculture yiri nke Otherkin, ọtụtụ n'ime nsogbu ndị obodo Therianthropy na-esite na eziokwu na ikike. N'etiti ndị na-eme ngagharị iwe, esemokwu a na-egosipụta nke ukwuu na nsonaazụ nke obodo ebe a na-ehiwe ọgbakọ maka ndị na-achọ ịtụle mkparịta ụka ha gbasara ụfọdụ echiche na ọdịmma ndị ọzọ. N'ichebara ihe kpatara ụfọdụ ndị na-eme njem ji pụọ ma ọ bụ na-enweghị mmasị inye aka na ọgbakọ, otu onye kwuru na ha enweghị nchekwa ma ọ bụ kwado: "Ha achọghị ịgabiga nsogbu a nke ịnwe 'igosi' izi ezi nke ahụmịhe ha . Ọtụtụ abanyela na ntanetị ugbu a, ma ọ bụ kwaga na ịde blọgụ ma ọ bụ ụzọ ndị ọzọ iji gosipụta onwe ha "(Akhila 2012). Akwụkwọ nkeonwe dị ka ikpo okwu iji kọọrọ na ịkọkọrịta ahụmịhe nke Therianthropy na-arịwanye elu na-arịwanye elu n'ọnụ ọgụgụ, ebe ọtụtụ na-emeghe ịza ajụjụ site n'aka ndị na-agụ akwụkwọ na ọhaneze, ha nọ n'okpuru ọchịchị onye edemede ahụ.

Ịdị mma nke nkwanye ùgwù ma ọ bụ nkwenye sitere n'aka ndị òtù na-adịgide adịgide, ọ bụghị naanị banyere nyiwe dabeere na obodo. Na 2006, ikekwe ihe mbụ na mgbalị naanị ndị na-ewebata ndị Theia maka okpukpe bụ onye guzobere "Ụlọ Therian," bụ nke Therian Wikia kọwara dịka "òtù kasị asọpụrụ ma na-arụ ụka n'etiti ndị Therian" (Therian Wikia "Therian Ụlọ nsọ "nd). A na-eji Ụlọ Nzukọ Alaeze eme ihe mgbe a na-esite na Ọdịda Anyanwụ a na-eme ka ọ bụrụ ebe obibi, ọ bụ ezie na ọ na-ejikọta ya na mgbagwoju anya nke Krismas na ihe ndị Kraịst na-eme ka ọ bụrụ usoro mgbaasị maka omume nke "Therial magic." , Bible Therian , na ịnweta "Oath of Therion" nke onye otu ga-ekwe nkwa ịkwado "Therian Code." Wolf Van Zandt na-ekwu na ọ bụ ndị a na-enweghị mmasị na ya ugbu a n'ihi na ndị isi na-achọkarị ịkpọ Therianthropy okpukpe, Usoro a chọrọ vegetarianism nke ndị na-agbanwe ya, ndị "na-achọkarị ịbụ ndị anarchic na ndị iwe na-agwa ha otú ha kwesịrị isi bie ndụ ha" (nd). N'agbanyeghị ọkwa nke vitriol nke e zutere ya, ụlọ nsọ ahụ bụ obere ọrụ nke yiri ka ọ na-enweta mmadụ ole na ole, ọ dịkwala anya ọ gbahapụrụ ibe ya.

Dị ka ọtụtụ ndị ọzọ na-abụghị mmadụ, otu nkwekọrịta nke ndị obodo Therian na-emetụta ndị na-akatọ na ndị na-arụ ụka na-ekwu okwu megide ekwe omume na eziokwu nke ọnọdụ ha na-enweghị atụ. Nke a nwere ike ime ka ndị na-eto eto ghara ịjụ ka ha biputere na ntaneti gbasara ndu nke onwe ha n'ihi egwu nke "ndi ozo" na ezinulo ha na ndi enyi ha ma ghara ikwuputa okwu na ndi oru nyocha na ndi nyocha. Ha abụrụla ihe a na-akwa emo na ntanetị, nke egosipụtara site na meme a na-akpọ FYIAD ma ọ bụ "Fuck gị, Abụ m Dragọn," ahịrịokwu a pụtara iji gbakwunye echiche mgbachitere nke inwe njirimara na-abụghị mmadụ na ahụ mmadụ (Mara Meme Gị nd). Mkpa ọ dị ikwusi ike na Therianthropy bụ ọnọdụ uche ma ọ bụ nke okwu kama ịbụ ihe ịrịba ama nke ara, egwuregwu, ma ọ bụ ụdị ọrụ ọ na-egosi na ọ na-adịgide adịgide, ọkachasị mgbe enwere mmekọrịta na obodo Furry, nke na-anata oke ịkwa emo. Ihe ịma aka n'usoro iwu nwekwara ike si n'ime obodo, ndị a nwere ike bụrụ ihe na-emeghị eme kama ịma ụma. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, Lupa, neo-Pagan a ma ama nke mepụtara ọtụtụ akwụkwọ na Otherkin, Therianthropy, yana ihe ime mmụọ na usoro dị mkpa mgbe ọ na-akọwa dị ka anụ ọhịa wolf Therian, ekwubila na ọ bụ ọ bụghị a Therian (2013). Nbanye a na ibe ya na-eche maka ụfọdụ ndị na-agbanye ya na ndị ibe ha ibe ha. Nke a na-egosi site na ihe fọdụrụ na ya na-egosipụta mwute na nhụsianya na ọnwụ nke onye a ma ama obodo obodo onye dere na echiche nyere ndị ọzọ nkwenye maka nkwenkwe na n'ebe ndị ọzọ a ga-eleghara anya dị ka unthhodox ma ọ bụ isi. Ọ bụ ezie na Lupa kwuru n'ụzọ doro anya na mkpebi ya ịwepụ na aha njirimara a abughi okwu banyere ịdị irè ya maka ndị ọzọ, nkpughe ya yiri ka ọ na-egosipụta mgba na obi abụọ ọtụtụ ndị Theria nwere.

** Images
Ntọala / Akụkụ nke akụkọ ihe mere eme
Foto #1: Na löwenmensch, a ụbụrụ ọdụm nke Hohlenstein-Stadel nke oge Aurignacian (paragraf mbụ).
Image #2: Na-agbapụ na fursuits na MidWest FurFest 2008. Foto nke Laurence Parry (nkeji nke abụọ).
Image #3: Edere maka fim Nwoke Wolf na Ndị Kat (paragraf 4).
Image #4: Unicorns United site na Roy Wilkinson (paragraf 12)
Image #5: Banner maka The Werelist forum (n'etiti paragraf 12-13).
Foto #6: Theta-Delta symbol (paragraf 13).
Nkwado / nkwenye nkebi
Foto #7: akpụkpọ anụ nke NaturePunk (paragraf 4)
Foto # 8: Giraffe girl si na Peony Yip's 'Transformation' (paragraf nke 6)
Image #9: P-na-agbanwe site na Greene (paragraf 8)
Ihe / Nsogbu
Foto # 10: Foto Furry na Therian / Otherkin site na DeVoutNumelran (paragraf 3)

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Ụbọchị Mgbasa Ozi:
11 October 2015

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