Nne anyi di aso nke Yankalilla

NWANYI ANYANWU YANKALILLA


NWANYI ANYANWU NKE YANKALILLA

1857: E guzobere ụka Kraist na Yankalilla, South Australia.

1994: Ihe oyiyi nke Virgin Mary pụtara site na nkedo n'ihu ụlọ ụka.

1995: E gosipụtara ihe oyiyi ahụ.

1996: Bishọp nke Murray [South Australia], Bishop Graham Walden gọziri ụlọ nsọ ahụ; arụnyere mgbapụta iji nweta mmiri dị nsọ.

1996: Nkume mbu nke mbu emere.

1997: E gosipụtara mgbanwe dị na oyiyi ahụ; E depụtara Church Church dị ka ụlọ nketa.

2000: A hụrụ ọhụụ nke Meri na Chọọchị.

2000: Retlọ Ọrụ Na-agbapụta Ahụ meghere.

2001: E mere njem njem njem mbụ nke Assumptiontide.

2002: A kpọrọ aha rose mgbe a na-akpọ ụlọ nsọ anyị nke Lady anyị nke Yankalilla Rose.

2003: A na-ese ihe ngosi akara ngosi nke pieta.

2005: Church Church ghọrọ mpaghara ọzụzụ atụrụ; Ọnọdụ onye ụkọchukwu parish ghọrọ ihe na-enweghị isi.

c2010: Ndị na-agwọ ọrịa kwụsịrị ma kama enwere ya na Sọnde nke anọ nke ọnwa na-esochi ọrụ anya.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

Yankalilla bụ obere obodo dị na ndịda Adelaide [South Australia]. A tọrọ ntọala maka ụka Kraist, Anglịkan Anglịkan na Yankalilla na Nọvemba 8, 1856. Na 1857, ụka ahụ meghere wee bụrụ ụlọ nketa ihe nketa na 1997. churchka dị mkpa n'ihi na ọ na-egosipụta ọdịnala okpukpe ndị e wetara na South Australia site ndị na-achị obodo n'oge gara aga (Ebe Ọchịchị Ebe Ọwụwa Anyanwụ South Australia 2015).

N’ọnwa Ọgọst 1994, onyonyo nke Nwaada Nwaanyị, nke ji nwa ọhụrụ Jesus, dịka ọ pụtara site na ihe nkedo n’elu aja aja n’iru ụka ahụ n’aka nri ebe ịchụ aja. Otu onye parish hụrụ izizi ihe oyiyi ahụ ma mesịa kọwaara ya onye ụkọchukwu oge ahụ, Fada Andrew Notere (nke bụbu Nutter), onye obodo Canada onye nna ya bụ onye bishọp ụka Anglịkan (Lloyd 1996a: 3). Enwere oge ichere iji hụ ma onyinyo ahụ ọ dị, na mgbe ọ ga-adịgide, a tụlere ya na kansụl chọọchị. Ndị mgbasa ozi Australia weere otu isiokwu nke Nna Notere kwadebere maka akwụkwọ diocesan dị na mpaghara (Morgan 2007: 32).

Enweela aro na onyonyo a bụ nsonazụ nnu ma ọ bụ plasta ọjọọ; "Ọ bụ ezie na ọ dịghị mkpa igosipụta ọdịdị dị ka ezigbo ya iji mee ka okwukwe na nraranye nke ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu" (Jelly 1993: 50). Mgbanwe nke onyonyo a ka ekwuputala kemgbe ọ pụtara. Dị ka ihe atụ, ụfọdụ ndị na-ekiri ya nwere ike ịghọta rose nke dị n’ala ala, nke ndị ọzọ jikọrọ ya na ihe ndị amaala obodo ha mere ma ọ bụ ihe nwere ike ịbụ onye nke ato, ikekwe Mary Magdalene ma ọ bụ Mary MacKillop na-apụta "(Pengelley 1996: 3). Saint Mary MacKillop [1842-1909], onye senti mbụ nke Australia [cannonised 2010], bụ onye otu Iwu ndị Joseph nke guzobere ụlọ akwụkwọ na Yankalilla.

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

Contemporary Anglicanism dị n'Australia nwere mgbọrọgwụ na Church of England, na-amalite na ndị mbido si England na ngwụsị narị afọ nke iri na asatọ. Churchka Anglican dị n’Australia na-eso Agba Ochie na Agba Ọhụrụ, Akwụkwọ okpukpe na Ekpere nke Ekpere, nke kemgbe gbakwunyere site na Akwụkwọ Ekpere nke Australia na mgbe e mesịrị Akwụkwọ Ekpere maka Australia (Frame 2007: 128-29). Nzukọ nke Church nwere Bishops, P oku na Deacons (Anglican Church of Australia nd). Enwere dioceses Anglịkan iri abụọ na atọ na Australia nke mepụtara n'ụzọ steeti dabere n'okpuru nche anwụ mba. N'adịghị ka ụfọdụ akụkụ ndị ọzọ nke Australia, ógbè South Australia dabeere na ezigbo nha anya okpukpe, na-enweghị onyinye ego obodo, na okpukpe ọ bụla na-eguzobe onwe ya (Hilliard 1986b: 3). Emechara gbanwee nke a, na 1847 e hiwere Diocese Adelaide (licka Anglican nke Australia General Synod: 4). E guzobere Chọọchị England n'echiche bụ na "ọ bụrụ na a hapụrụ ndokwa maka okpukpe maka uche ndị mmadụ, ọ dịghị ihe a ga-eme" (Hilliard 1986b: 5). N'ezie, South Australia nwere akụkọ ihe mere eme nke ndị na-ekweghị na ya, ọkachasị Methodism, na nke a nwere ike iso mee ka Anglịkan na South Australia bụrụ ndị na-eme emume karịa iji mee ka ọ dị iche (Hilliard 1994: 11).

Mpaghara South Australia nwere dioceses atọ na Diocese nke Murray, nke na-elekọta Yankalilla, nwere akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Anglo-Katọlik kemgbe etiti narị afọ nke iri na itoolu (Hilliard 1986a: 38; Frame 2007: 12, 57; Anglican Diocese nke Adelaide nd). Ndị ụkọchukwu, mgbe e guzobere ógbè South Australia, sitere na England (Frame 2007: 207) ma rụọ ọrụ n'okpuru nkwado nke Bishop nke London mgbe ahụ mechara Bishọp nke Calcutta (Anglican Church of Australia General Synod nd: 4). Na 1962, e hiwere Chọọchị England dị n'Australia, wee mepụta otu na-achịkwa onwe ya iche na njikọ iwu na England (Anglican Church of Australia General Synod nd: 5), na 1981 ọ ghọrọ Church Anglican nke Australia (Anglịkan Chọọchị Australia General Synod nd: 6).

N'ihi ya afọ ndị mbụ nke ụka Christ Yankalilla nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu site n'aka ndị ụkọchukwu Bekee site na Anglo-Katọlik na Oxford Movement. A hụrụ nke a n'ụdị ọrụ, ugboro ugboro udo, na ime ụlọ ụka (Morgan 2007: 13). Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, ememe okpukpe ka ukwuu, iyi uwe, na nrụgide na mkpa ibu ọnụ tupu udo (Hilliard: 44-46). Ejirila "Anglicanism dị n'Australia kpọọ ndị mmekọ" High, Broad ma ọ bụ Low Church, ma ọ bụ Anglo-Katọlik, Liberal ma ọ bụ Evangelical party "(Frame 2007: 213). Ebe ndị dị na South Australia karịsịa bụ mgbanwe (Hilliard 1994: 12), na nke a, a ga-akọwakarị Church Church Yankalilla dị ka onye isi ụka dị elu (Morgan 2015).
Ndekọ ọnụ ọgụgụ nke 1844 chọpụtara na mpaghara obodo ndị dị na South Australia, dịka Yankalilla, nwere ọnụ ọgụgụ dị ukwuu nke ndị Anglịkan (Hilliard 1986b: 11, 25). Agbanyeghị, karịa ugbu a Anglikan na Ọstrelia enweela mbelata nke ndị bịara ya na ikekwe enweghị mmasị na ntọala ụka (Frame 2007: 132). Enwere ike ịrụ ụka mgbe ahụ na ụdị ọrụ ndị jikọtara ngwakọta nke ofufe, ejiri ya mgbe ọrụ njem njem malitere na Yankalilla na-esote oyiyi ahụ, nwere ike ịkpọbata ma ndị Anglịkan na ndị na-abụghị Anglịkan ụka ma gbaa ha ume ka ha soro Anglicanism na parish. Ọ bụ ezie na mmalite nke narị afọ nke iri abụọ enweela nkwalite nke Virgin Mary, a na-ahụta ọrụ a ka ọ bụrụ Anglịkan (Hilliard 1994: 14). Frame na-ekwu na ịkatọ pluralism ma ọ bụ iche iche na Australian Anglicanism ga-edozi site na "nnabata nke Katọlik Reformed" (Frame 2007: 229).
RITUALS / PRACTICES

Enwere ike ileba anya ebe ndị njem ala nsọ nke Kraist n'ihe banyere akụkọ ntolite obodo na usoro mmekọrịta ọha na eze yana ọdịnala okpukpe gara aga. Mgbe ihe onyonyo a pụtara na mbụ, e gosipụtara njikọ maka ebe ndị Aboriginal corroboree (ememe ịgba egwu) ebe ogbugbu ndị Aboriginal mere, agbanyeghị na enweghị ihe akaebe ọ bụla iji gosipụta nke a. N'ihe banyere Saint Mary MacKillop, nke a nwere ike ịpụta na nkwekọrịta nke "oge gara aga na nke ndị colonial" (McPhillips 2006: 149). Echiche McPhillip bụ na enwere ike ịkọwa njikọ a na oke ịnụ ọkụ nke gbara onye nsọ ahụ bidoro site na iti ya ihe, ebe njikọ nke ụmụ amaala bụ nke njem njem ala nsọ tupu ịdị nsọ nke Ndị Kraịst wee jikọọ na mmekọrịta ndị Aborigine (McPhillips 2006: 149).

A mara saịtị a dị ka Shlọ Nsọ nke Nwanyị Anyị nke Yankalilla. Pilgrimlọ njem njem a mepụtara n'onwe ya ma nwee gara n'ihu ruo taa. Ọtụtụ motifọ njem Marian na-adịkarị dị ka ọrụ ebube, ọgwụgwọ na ozi. Churchlọ ụka ọdịnala a dị elu, nke Anglịkan dị elu anabatala ihe onyonyo a na despiteka ya n'agbanyeghị na izugbe "Echiche ndị Protestant [nke] na-agbachitere mkpakọrịta ndị nsọ na ndị dị ndụ na-adịghị ele anya na ọ ga-ekwe omume itinye aka karịrị nke mmadụ site n'aka ndị nsọ nwụrụ anwụ" (Turner na Ntughari 1982: 145). Na rinelọ Nsọ nke Nwanyị Anyị nke Yankalilla ndị ọbịa nwere ohere ịlele, ma nwee ahụmịhe, na ha enweghị n'ụlọ ụka ha. N'ụzọ na-akpali mmasị, ememe ndị mbụ na ụlọ nsọ ahụ sitere na omume Charismatic, Katọlik, Anglịkan na Buddha (Jones 1998). Omume ndị a bụ afọ ọhụụ nwere ike ịdọta ndị ọbịa bụ ndị nwere ike ọ gaghị adaba na chọọchị Anglịkan (Cusack 2003: 119). McPhillips na-ahụta mix dị otú ahụ "na-ahapụ Meri n'ime ala ọhụụ nke enchantment" (McPhillips 2006: 149). Ma o butere esemokwu n'ọkwa parish (Jones 1998).

Ejiri ọtụtụ ndị njem ala nsọ na Anoint the Sick ruo ọtụtụ afọ na Yankalilla na Sọnde na 2: 00Pm, ma e mere atụmatụ na "ndị njem ala 1000 agaala na Yankalilla" (Lloyd 1996b: 4). N'ihe dị ka 2010, a kwụsịrị ọrụ ndị a raara onwe ha nye, ma tinyekwara omume ahụ dịka akụkụ nke ọrụ ụka nkịtị na Sunday ọ bụla. Nke a mere n'ihi Chọọchị Kraịst kwụsịrị ịbụ parish na ịghọ mpaghara ọzụzụ atụrụ na n'ihi na enweghị onye ụkọchukwu nke bi n'ụlọ ndị dị nso na Chọọchị dịka nke mere na mbụ (Gardiner 2015).

Mmiri dị nsọ bịara na Shrine maka ịzụta mgbe e tinyechara mgbapụta n'oge 1996. A kọọrọ iyi ka ọ na-agba "n'okpuru mgbidi na-apụta, na ọtụtụ iyi na-agbakọta n'okpuru ebe ịchụàjà iji mepụta obe atọ" (Chryssides 1997: 16). Enweela akụkọ banyere ike ọgwụgwọ nke mmiri dị nsọ; ma mmiri dị ugbu a bụ naanị ihe e ji ete mmadụ mmanụ, kpọọ ya “Ọ bụghị iji rie mmadụ.”

Otutu ihe ndi ozo ndi Marian di na Yankalilla, dika ihe ndi ozo, foto nke Jisos, foto nke ihe omimi ndi mmadu huru na foto ma obughi ndi nleta nke uka, na onu ogugu ndi gbara ya gburugburu. Na mgbakwunye, a kọọrọ na ozi sitere n’aka Meri; ụfọdụ n'ime ozi ndị ahụ na-edegharị Diana, Princess nke Wales, na-egosi mkpokọta echiche ma ọdịnala na New Age (McPhillips, 2015). E tinyela ihe a kpụrụ akpụ n’ogige rose dị nso na chọọchị ahụ bụ́ nke na-eme ememme “ebe Ourtù Nwanyị Nwanyị Anyị Dịrị, Ista Mọnde, Eprel 24, 2000 n'elekere 6.40 nke ehihie.” N’oge na-adịbeghị anya, ndị nọ n’ọgbakọ dị ugbu a akọghị ozi ma ọ bụ ihe oyiyi ọ bụla.

E guzobere akpụrụ akpụ nke Meri Mary n'ime ogige Churchka, n'afọ ndị na-adịbeghị anya, ọtụtụ ndị lebara anya na ihe oyiyi a ndị ọbịa si India, ọkachasị site na Kerala na Goa, ebe ndị ọzọ si South Indian Indian (Gardiner 2015). Akwụkwọ ndị ọbịa ahụ na-egosi ndị njem ala nsọ bụ mpaghara, etiti na Europe, South America na Asia. Nleta ndị a nwere ike ịbụ naanị ịmata ihe; agbanyeghị, “onye njem nleta bụ ọkara onye pilgrim, ọ bụrụ na onye pilgrim bụ ọkara onye njem nleta” (Turner 1978; 20)

Ihe onyonyo n'ime Nzukọ ụka bu ụzọ kwusie ike banyere Virgin Mary. Ndozigharị na ihu ụka ahụ bụ ihe mkpọbi ụkwụ nye ndị ụka (Jones 1998). E debere ọkọlọtọ n'akụkụ ebe ịchụàjà ahụ, ọkọlọtọ na-acha ọcha nke a na-ese n'elu obe n'elu ebe ịchụàjà nke mejupụtara "M," onye ụkọchukwu ahụ yi uwe ndị gosipụtara ngosipụta nke Virgin Mary na Medjugorje. Ugbu a ebe ịchụàjà dị mfe ma doo anya. A ka nwere onye na-ejide ya maka kandụl na-agụ akwụkwọ yana akwụkwọ nke ndị njem ala nsọ nwere ike ide ekpere.

Na nraranye nke saịtị ahụ ka ebe nchụaja, ewepụtara otu akụkụ buru ibu nke ime ụlọ ụka ahụ maka ndị njem ala nsọ idowe akwụkwọ na-arịọ maka enyemaka nke Virgin Mary. Kemgbe ahụ, emeela ka ebe a bụrụ obere mbadamba. Ndị njem ala nsọ nwekwara ike ide ozi n’otu akwụkwọ dị n’akụkụ bọọdụ ozi ahụ. Ihe ndetu a na-ekpughe ike ọgwụgwọ nke Meri, a kọọwo na "ihe ruru mmadụ 100 ka a gwọrọ" (Connolly 1997: 29). Ozi ndị ahụ metụtara maka enyemaka na enyemaka na nsogbu kwa ụbọchị, dịka nyocha na arịrịọ maka inweta obibi ebighebi.

Na mbu, enwere otutu ihe ndi pilgrim dika kaadi, medal, mmiri di nso na akwukwo ndi njem. Ihe ndị a emeela ugbu a na kandụl dị nsọ na mmiri.

NDỤMỌDỤ / ỤLỌ

Na Disemba 15, 1996, Bishọp nke Murray, Bishọp Graham Walden, gọziri ebe nchụaja ahụ “site na mmiri nsọ sitere na Anglịkan temple mba ofesi ”(Smart 1996: 6 Innes 1996: 4). Ngọzi a ga-egosi na n'oge ngosipụta nke ihe oyiyi enwere nkwado na nnabata nke Anglịkan. Ọ dị mkpa ka ihe omume ebube daba na oke okpukperechi ọdịnala ya na ya. A ga - ahụ Virgin Mary n'ụlọ arụsị Anglịkan, dịka na Walsingham [United Kingdom], saịtị nke ọtụtụ ndị njem ala na-aga kwa afọ, na Church Church Yankalilla dị elu Anglịkan, nke na-anabata nsọpụrụ nke Virgin Mary (Kahl 1998: 257) . Iji jikọta ebe nsọ ndị a, akara ngosi a raara nye Walsingham kwụgidere n ’mgbidi Churchka. Ihe oyiyi dị otú ahụ, pieta (ihe oyiyi nke na-egosi Virgin Mary na-agbagharị ozu Jizọs), nwere ike inyere ndị ọbịa aka ịhụ ihe oyiyi ahụ dị na mgbidi (Morgan 2007: 31).

N'oge ọchịchị ya, Nna Notere ji ịnụ ọkụ n'obi nabata ụlọ arụsị ahụ, n'agbanyeghị mmegide mpaghara (Mullen 1999; Jones 1998). Na 2005, ọnọdụ onye ụkọchukwu na Yankalilla kwụsịrị na Nna Notere hapụrụ parish (Allison 2005: 3). Mgbe ọpụpụsiri, ndị mgbasa ozi agbarụọ nke ukwuu; otu o sila dị, ndị ụka nke ime obodo ajụọla ebe nchụaja ahụ ma hụkwa na ụka a na-emeghe kwa ụbọchị maka ndị chọrọ ịhụ ihe oyiyi ahụ ma ọ bụ ịtụgharị uche na ikpe ekpere.

Otu okpukperechi nke mbu ka amara dika Oasis of Peace ma emesia guru ndi oru nke idi umeala nke Jisos na Merikpụrụ ma ebe ọ bụ na a gbasara. Ebumnuche nke obodo ga-arụ ọrụ na ndị njem ala ma bulie mmụọ ịgwọ ọrịa n'ụlọ arụsị (Kahl 1998: 50). E guzobere Retlọ Ọrụ Na-esote ụlọ ụka na 2000, ma a na-eji ohere ahụ eme ihe ugbu a maka nzube ụka zuru oke (Morgan 2007: 33). Otu kọmitii a na-ekwukarị na ha ga-aga mpaghara ahụ, nke ihe osise ahụ dọtara. Ndị otu ahụ sonyeere otu ukwe na mpaghara iji mee CD raara nye Virgin Mary na-apụta na Yankalilla ("Choirs Combine" 2002: 14).

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Chọọchị Church Yankalilla furu efu ọrụ nke Nna Notere na 2005, na, ebe ọ ghọrọ mpaghara ọzụzụ atụrụ (Morgan 2007: 1), ndị ụkọchukwu oge na ndị isi obodo na-arụ ọrụ site na njem ndị achọrọ (Gardiner 2015). Enweela nsogbu ndị ọzọ dị na Dayọsis metụtara ọnọdụ Bishọp nke Diocese nke Murray. Otu n'ime nsogbu ndị ahụ bụ ohere afọ atọ ruo mgbe 2013 mgbe a họpụtara Bishọp (Strathearn2013: 6). Na mgbakwunye, dị ka ọtụtụ ụka ndị ọzọ dị mkpa, Yankalilla enwela mbelata na ndị bịara ya.

Ihe oyiyi ahụ enyerela ndị parish aka ịkwụ ụgwọ ego site na ndị ọbịa, onyinye na ịzụrụ kandụl na mmiri dị nsọ (Morgan 2007: 33). Kaosiladị, ihe ịma aka dịịrị ndị ụka ụka mpaghara bụ oge etinyere n'ụlọ arụsị ahụ. Ngosiputa nke onyonyo a putara na ndi nzuko parish ga-elebara otutu okwu anya, dika nnweta, ndi nleta, nche na uche nke ndi oru nta akuko (Morgan 2007: 32). Ọtụtụ ndị ụka mpaghara tụlere oge a na-anapụ ya na parish ahụ n'ozuzu na obodo, na, n'ihi nke a, nkewa dị n'etiti parish ahụ. Ndị ụka ụka nọ na ya anaghị etinye aka na shrine, ndị na-ekwenyeghi ụlọ arụsị ahụ na-aga nnọkọ ndị ọzọ (Jones 1998).

Lọ arụsị ahụ enweela ọnụ ọgụgụ na-agbanwe agbanwe na ọrụ ndị pilgrim. Ka ọ dị ugbu a, ndị njem ala nsọ na-aga n'onwe ha na ọrụ ndị pilgrim nke a na-ejikọ yana ọrụ oge niile ma ọ bụ na njem pilgrim kwa afọ a na-eme kwa afọ na September. Ọrụ a nke emere na Septemba bụ ihe a ma ama na ndị njem ala nsọ ma na-adọta ọtụtụ ndị otu obodo Adelaide Indian Catholic (Gardiner 2015). N'agbanyeghị amụma 2005 nke nna Notere na a ga-emechi ụka (Notere 2005: 5), ọ na-emeghe kwa ụbọchị maka ntụgharị uche na ekpere ma ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo na-anụ ọkụ n'obi na-abịa.

References

"21st ụbọchị ọmụmụ Ball maka Christian Singles: Isiokwu nke Okwukwe." 2002. Mgbasa Ozi, August 12, p.12.

Allison, Lisa. 2005. “Onye nchụ aja chọrọ ka a ghara ịkwụ ụgwọ.” Mgbasa Ozi, Machị 30: 3.

Chọọchị Anglican nke Australia. nd “Onye Anyị Bụ.” Nweta site na http://www.anglican.org.au/home/about/Pages/who_we_are.aspx na 6 November 2015.

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Banyere chepụtara:
Janet Kahl

Ụbọchị Post:
4 October 2015

 

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