OCSMG

OZI NKE CHINEKE NKE CHINEKE CHINEKE (OCSMG)


OCSMG TIMELINE

1946: Veniamin Iakovlevich Bereslavsky, onye a gọziri agọzi Nna John, ka amụrụ na Moscow.

1966: Bereslavsky gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Ippolitov-Ivanov Academy of Music.

1970: Bereslavsky gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Maurice Thorez Foreign Languages ​​Institute wee bụrụ onye na-achọ mmụọ.

1971: Dabere na isi mmalite, a chọpụtara Bereslavsky dị ka onye na-atụ ụjọ na-atụ ụjọ ma tinye ya n'ụlọ ọgwụ psychiatric.

1970s: Bereslavsky ghọrọ onye ndu nke obere ndị na-achọ mmụọ bụ ndị mere njem nsọ na saịtị nsọ Russia.

1980: Bereslavsky mere baptizim na Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Russia ma jee ozi dị ka onye na-agụ ihe.

1982: Bereslavsky malitere ide ọtụtụ usoro okpukperechi nke onwe (samizdat) nke okpuru ulo, nke isiokwu ya Fire Penentential.

1984 (November): Mgbe ị na-asọpụrụ Smolensk Icon nke Nne nke Chukwu na katidral Ọtọdọks nke dị na Smolensk. Ọ natara mkpughe nke abụọ na Disemba, na mkpughe ndị a na-abịakarị.

1985: Bereslavsky na ndị enyi ya abụọ gara na ebe obibi ndị mọnk nzuzo na Caucasus ebe a họpụtara ha site na synod nke Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke dị n'okpuru ala, bụ nke Metropolitan Gennadii (Grigorii Iakovlevich Sekach, ihe dị ka 1897-1987). Bereslavsky kpọrọ aha John (Ioann) iji sọpụrụ John Baptist ma ọ bụ John the Divine.

1989: N'okpuru iwu Soviet ndị nyere ikike maka ndị otu ọhaneze, Bereslavsky debara aha nne nke Chukwu (Bogorodichnyi tsentr) dịka otu ahia ma tinye mgbasa ozi na akwụkwọ akụkọ Moscow.

1990: Ndị omebe iwu nke USSR na Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (RSFSR) nyefere iwu nyere nnwere onwe okpukpe zuru oke. N’ọnwa Disemba, Bishop Ioann (Vasilii Nikolaevich Bodnarchuk) nke Zhitomir, bishọp John Bereslavsky.

1991 (Eprel): E debara aha nne nke Chukwu na RSFSR Ministry of Justice dị ka ọgbakọ ọrụ ebere, agụmakwụkwọ, na mbipụta akwụkwọ; ọ malitere ibipụta akwụkwọ Bishọp John na mkpughe ọ natara.

1991 (June): Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Autocephalous nke Russia nwere Council mbụ ya na Russia ma gbanwee aha ya na Church of the Transfiguring Mother of God.

1992: N’ime afọ ahụ, theka nke Nne nke Ngbanwe Chukwu mere nke Atọ, nke Anọ, na nke Ise na Russia niile na Moscow. Na Mee, ụka ahụ sonyeere Council International Council of Community Chọọchị, otu ụka ụka Protestant na -emesapụ aka nke ndị ụka ya kachasị na North America.

1993: Chọọchị nwere nzuko nke isii, nke asaa, na nke asatọ. N'ihi ọtụtụ mwakpo ọha na eze wakwasịrị “Ebe Nnọchi nke Motherlọ Chukwu, e degharịrị ngalaba nke mbipụta nke chọọchị ahụ" New Holy Rus '. "

1994: Chọọchị nwere ọgbakọ nke itoolu, nke iri, na nke iri na otu na Russia niile na Moscow. Ọfịs ọkàiwu na-ahụ maka ikpe na Moscow malitere ime nchọpụta banyere chọọchị ahụ n'ihi ebubo a na-akpatara ndị òtù ya mmerụ uche.

1995: Chọọchị nwere ọgbakọ nke iri na abụọ na nke iri na atọ na Russia. E mere Council Council nke iri na abụọ n'otu oge na World Council nke Ọtọdọks na Katọlik Marian nke gụnyere ndị ọhụụ Marian si n'ọtụtụ mba dị iche iche.

1996: Chọọchị nwere Council nke iri na anọ na Russia na Moscow. Ministri Okwu Ikpe nke Russia debara aha ụka ahụ n'akwụkwọ dị ka otu nzukọ okpukpe etiti (ya bụ, otu ụka nwere njikọ ụka), onye ọka iwu Moscow kpebiri na enweghị ihe akaebe na ụka ahụ emerụọla ndị otu ya.

1997: Chọọchị nakweere aha ya ugbu a, Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Nne nke Chukwu (OCSMG), na-asọpụrụ akara ngosi "Ọkaakaa" nke ọrụ ebube nke Virgin Mary. E mekwara nnọkọ nke iri na ise na nke iri na isii na Moscow. Ndị omeiwu Russia mere iwu na-egbochi mmachi nke Nnwere Onwe nke Akọ na Uche na Mkpakọrịta Okpukpe, nke ezubere iji belata ndebanye aha iwu maka ụka ọhụrụ, dị ka OCSMG.

2001: Chọọchị nwere ọgbakọ iri abụọ na mbụ na Russia niile na Moscow. Mgbe mwakpo September 11 wakporo World Trade Center na Pentagon, Achịbishọp John bipụtara mkpughe si n'aka Mary na-akpọku ndị America na ndị Russia ikpe ekpere rosary ugboro 150 kwa ụbọchị iji zere omume iyi ọha egwu ọzọ.

2004: Chọọchị ahụ nwere Council nke iri abụọ na anọ na Russia na Moscow. N'oge a na-ekpe akwụkwọ ndị Archbishop John duziri na Moscow, akara ngosi anọ malitere n'ụzọ ọrụ ebube na-eweta mmanụ ma ọ bụ chrism. Mgbe John gara America, otu foto ya n'onwe ya mepụtara chrism ozugbo.

2005: attackedlọ Ọrụ Moscow maka Ọnọdụ Ime Mmụọ nke Russia nke OCSMG wakporo, o yikarịrị ka ndị na-eto eto so na Orthodoxmụnna Ọtọdọks nke Russia. Achịbishọp John gara Mount Nightingale na Turkey ebe ọ natara mkpughe ọhụrụ sitere n'aka Meri banyere alụmdi na nwunye "theogamic" ya na Kraịst.

2006: Chọọchị nwere ọgbakọ iri abụọ na ise na Russia na Kyiv, Ukraine. Achịbishọp John gara ebe ndị Cathar dị na France na Spain wee were utu aha "John nke Holy Grail gọziri agọzi" na "King of Cathars."

2006 (Disemba): Na Lipetsk, Federal Security Service mechiri ngosi OCSMG ma jide ndị otu ụka maka ebubo na ha na-akpata mmetuta mmụọ nye ụmụ akwụkwọ kọleji gara leta ihe ngosi ahụ.

2009: Achịbishọp John gbara arụkwaghịm dị ka onye bishọp onyeisi oche nke OCSMG wee kwaga Spain. Ọ nakweere aha Juan de San Grial wee hiwe fortù Na-amụ Banyere Omenala Kathar.

2010: Juan de San Grial na-ezukọ kwa afọ International Cathar Congress na Spain.

2013: E mere Intergalactic Cathar Congress na Spain.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

A mụrụ Veniamin Iakovlevich Bereslavsky nye ezinụlọ nke onye na-arụ ọrụ ntụtụ na Moscow na 1946 ozugbo Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ gasịrị. Nwanne nwanne ya nwoke bụ Leonid (b. 1940) mepụtara ọganihu na ụlọ ọrụ electronic na mgbe e mesịrị mepụtara usoro usoro ịkụziri ụmụ akwụkwọ (Bereslavsky nd). Dị ka ọtụtụ n'ime ndị agbata obi ha, ụmụ nwoke abụọ ahụ tolitere n'otu ọnụ ụlọ ndị otu ezinụlọ na-ekere. Pianist nwere nkà, Veniamin gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Ippolitov-Ivanov Academy na 1966 ma nweta akara ugo mmụta dị ala site na Maurice Thorez Foreign Language Institute na 1970 (Leshchinskii 2005). Mgbe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ, Bereslavsky nwere nsogbu siri ike n'ịchọta ọrụ na-adịgide adịgide; dị ka isi iyi ndị siri ike, a chọpụtara na ọ bụ onye mkparịta ụka schizophrenic na February 1971 ma nọrọ n'ụlọ ọgwụ ugboro abụọ maka ọnọdụ a (Pechernikova et al. 1994). Na 1973, ọ lụrụ di na nwunye, a mụrụ nwa ya nwanyị nke mbụ mgbe otu afọ gachara. N'etiti 1970s, ọ malitere inyocha Ọtọdọks nke Ọtọdọks, agbanyeghị nkwenye siri ike nke ọchịchị Soviet megide okpukpe. Ka ọ na-erule 1979, ọ duru obere ndị enyi bịara leta chọọchị dị iche iche wee mee njem ọnụ, otu afọ mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, gbasara oge a mụrụ nwa ya nwanyị nke abụọ, e mere ya baptizim na Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Russia (Filatov 2002: 423). Ruo oge ụfọdụ, ọ wepụtara onwe ya dị ka onye na-agụ ihe na diocese dị anya, ọ tụdịkwara ịghọ ụkọchukwu. Site na akaụntụ nke aka ya, ọ jụrụ ụzọ ọrụ a mgbe ọ matara na a ga-achọ ka ọ gwa ndị ụka ya ndị uwe ojii nzuzo (Ioann [Veniamin Iakovlevich Bereslavskii] 1997b). Utu ke oro, enye ama oyom ndausụn̄ eke spirit iban iban Orthodox iba, Maria Orlovskaya ye Evfrosinia Nikiforovna Nikiforova (1916-1993, emi ẹwụtde mi), emi akakabarede edi adausụn̄ eke spirit esie. N’okpuru mmetụta ha, Bereslavsky malitere ide ọtụtụ akwụkwọ nke mmụọ nke akpọrọ Fire Penentential na 1982, nke o kesara na nzuzo (Clay 2013: 94-97; Leshchinskii 2005).

Na Nọvemba, 1984, mgbe ọ na-asọpụrụ akara ngosi Smolensk nke Nne nke Chukwu na Katidral Smolensk Dormition, Bereslavsky natara mkpughe site na Virgin Mary, onye dọrọ ya aka na ntị banyere ikpe Chineke dị nso ma gbaa ndị na-eso ụzọ ya ume ka ha bie ndụ dị nsọ, dị nsọ, ma na-ebi ndụ ndu Ọtọdọks. Ọ katọrọ omume ihu abụọ na chọọchị, ọ zaghachikwara ajụjụ ndị Bereslavsky na ndị ibe ya jụrụ ya. Bereslavsky natara mkpughe nke ọzọ na Disemba mgbe ọ laghachiri Moscow. Ihe ngosi ndị a bịara na-adịwanye njọ, ha gara n'ihu (Ioann [Veniamin Iakovlevich Bereslavskii] 1997: 35; Petr [Sergei Iur'evich Bol'shakov] 1991; "Mkpughe nke Holy Virgin Hodigitria na Smolensk,1984 ”1999). Ọnwa ole na ole ka e mesịrị, na October 1985, Bereslavsky na ndị enyi ya abụọ gara otu ebe obibi ndị mọnk dị na Caucasus, isi ụlọ ọrụ nke otu alaka nke ngalaba Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke dị n'okpuru ala nke gbapụrụ na Onye isi ọchịchị Moscow nke akwadoro na 1920s . Bereslavsky kwenyesiri ike na synod nzuzo nke ụka a dị n'okpuru ala iji kwado ya ma chie ya oku. Onye isi octogenarian nke ụka ahụ, Metropolitan Gennadii (Grigorii Iakovlevich Sekach, ihe dịka 1897-1987), nabatara arịrịọ Bereslavsky, onye ụkọchukwu ụkọchukwu ọhụrụ ahụ laghachiri Moscow dị ka Fada John, aha ọ nakweere nsọpụrụ John Baptist ( Ioann [Veniamin Iakovlevich Bereslavskii] 1997: 42) ma ọ bụ John the Divine (Leshchinskii 2005: 58).

Dika USSR malitere ime ka ihe ndi mmadu ghara ime ka ndi mmadu ghara inwe nkwuwa okwu na njedebe nke 1980s, Nna John na ndi enyi ya na-etoputa ihe banyere okwukwe ha ma choo ndi ozo ndi choro Ezi Church nke Orthodox. Na 1989, o debanyere aha nne-mama-nke-God Center ya [ Bogorodichnyi tsentr ] dị ka otu azụmahịa, otu n'ime ọtụtụ mkpakọrịta ọha na eze toro n'okpuru ọchịchị nnwere onwe nke Mikhail Gorbachev, Secretary General nke Communist Party site na 1985 ruo 1991 (Antic 1991; Krotov 1991: 3). Iwu ọhụrụ ndị amalitere na 1990 nyere ụmụ amaala Soviet nnwere onwe okpukpe n'ụzọ a na-enwetụbeghị ụdị ya, ọtụtụ wee jiri nnwere onwe ọhụrụ ha mee ihe iji chọpụta ụzọ ọdịnala na ụzọ ime mmụọ ndị ọzọ. N'ime ọnọdụ a dị jụụ, Fada John kwagara ịzụlite njikọ nke ụka ọhụrụ ya. Na Disemba, 1990, o mere ka otu bishọp onye nwe obodo hụrụ onwe ya n’anya nke pupụtara na Patriarchate Moscow ka o doo ya nsọ dịka onye isi oche nke nzukọ ọhụrụ, ,ka Ọtọdọks nke Autocephalous nke Russia. N’April 1991, Bishọp e mere ka ọhụụ ọhụrụ gbasaa obosara nke -lọ Ọrụ Nne-Chineke site na ịdenye ya na Ministry of Justice nke Russia dịka nzukọ ọrụ ebere, agụmakwụkwọ, na mbipụta akwụkwọ; Centerlọ Ọrụ ahụ malitere ikesa ọtụtụ puku akwụkwọ nta na akwụkwọ ọnụ ala ndị nwere mkpughe nke Virgin na ọrụ siri ike John na-emegide ndị Kọmunist. N’ọnwa Juun, Bishọp John kpọkọtara ọgbakọ kansụl nke Russia na Moscow nke kpebiri ịnabata aha ọhụrụ: Churchka nke Nne nke Chukwu Na-agbanwe Agbanwe (Leshchinskii 2005: 59).

N’ọnwa Ọgọstụ, 1991, otu ìgwè ndị Kọmunist obi tara mmiri gbara izu ịkwatu Gorbachev ma kwụsị ndozigharị ya. Ọ bụ ezie na nkwekọrịta ọchịchị afọ ime dara, ọ dugara na mgbasa nke USSR na nnwere onwe nke mba iri na ise mejupụtara, gụnyere Russian Federation na njedebe nke afọ. John kwupụtara na ọrụ ebube Meri meriri "dragọn na-acha uhie uhie" nke Communism na ịchekwa ọchịchị onye kwuo uche Russia (Ioann [Veniamin Iakovlevich Bereslavskii] 1991: 20-24). N'ime ọgbakọ ndị ụka na-esote, a kwalitere John ka ọ bụrụ achịbishọp, ozi ya (na Virgin Mary etinyela Russia n'okpuru nchebe pụrụ iche ya ma na-arụ ọrụ site n'aka ndị na-eso ụzọ ya ịgbanwe ụwa) dọtara ọtụtụ puku ndị na-eso ụzọ. Na mbu, ozi a dọrọ aka na ntị gbasara apocalypse dị nso. Iji merie ekwensu ma chekwaa Holy Russia, Nwaada ahụ kpọrọ ka otu nde ndị Russia bịanye aka na ya "White Charter," ka ya na Kraịst na Meri gbaa ndụ, wee bụrụ "ndị ọchị nke ndị Immaculate" ma ọ bụ "ụmụ nwanyị na-ebu myrrh." Site na ntinye aka zuru oke, a ga-emeri onye ahụ na-emegide Kraịst ma gbanwee ụwa. N'ịbụ ndị yi uwe ndị na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, ndị ụkọchukwu nke ụka ahụ guzoro n'okporo ámá na ọdụ ụgbọ ala ndị na-ekwo ekwo ebe ha na-ere akwụkwọ, na-anakọta mbinye aka ma merie ndị a gbanwere (Weber 1992). A na-atụ anya na ndị na-eso ụzọ ga-agbasosi iwu ike nke ndị mọnk, gụnyere usoro siri ike nke ikpe ekpere, ịkpọ isiala, na ibu ọnụ. Dị ka akwụkwọ akụkọ ndị iro si kwuo, ụka ahụ guzobekwara ihe nzuzo na-arụ ụka "usoro ịhapụ nne," bụ nke ndị nkatọ jụrụ nne nne ha site na ịkwado Virgin Mary ("Belaia Gramota" 1991; Witte na Bourdeaux 1999: 176; Lunkin na Filatov 2008). Somefọdụ ndị otu ezi Chọọchị Ọtọdọks jụrụ ozi John ma kwuo na ndị otu synod nke chiri ma tụọ ya na 1992 chụpụrụ ya na 1985 (Feodosii [Gumennikov] et al. 1992; Feodosii [Gumennikov] et al. 2003 ). N'aka nke ha, John na ndị na-eso ụzọ ya gọnarrị ebubo ndị a (Baklanova 1999).

Ná mmalite nke 1990s, Achịbishọp Jọn chọrọ ịmalite imegharị ya. Ọ gara na Kanada na 1991 iji zute ya ndị nnọchiteanya nke Nzukọ Mba Nile nke Churches (ICCC), na-egosi na ndị okpukpe Protestant nke Amerika Northral bụ ndị kwadobere na 1950 bụ ndị kwetara otu ìgwè nke ndị Katọlik Katọlik n'otu oge. Otu n'ime ọgbakọ dị iche iche nke Chọọchị nke Transfiguring Mother nke Chineke jikọrọ aka na ICCC na 1992. Site na ikere òkè na ICCC, chọọchị ahụ nwere ike ikwu na ha nọ na Council Council of Churches. John gbalịsiri ike na ya na ndị ọzọ na-ahụ maka Marian n'ụwa niile. N'okwu ya, broshuọ, na akwụkwọ ya, Jọn kwetara na afọ nke Mary amalitela; site na otutu nmalite ya, Nne nke Chineke na-ekpughe Agba nke ato. Ọ nakweere nkwupụta ndị Rom Roman Katọlik, gụnyere ndị nọ na Rue du Bac (1830), Lourdes (1858), Fatima (1917), na Medjugorje (1981-present). Ọ nakweere ozizi Katọlik dị ka Mmasị Echiche (nke Chọọchị Ọtọdọks kwụsịrị n'ụzọ doro anya) na omume Katọlik, gụnyere nchịkọta nke rosary. Na Moscow na 1995, ọ kpọrọ Nzukọ Ụwa nke Ọtọdọks na Chọọchị Katọlik Katọlik, ndị na-ahụ anya site na USA, Canada, Japan, Mexico, Singapore, France, na Germany. Mgbalị a iji mee ka òtù Marian yie ka ọ dara; ndị ọhụụ nọchitere anya na kọchị ahụ bụ ọnụ ọgụgụ buru ibu nke ndị na-apụ na Chọọchị Roman Katọlik (Arsenau 1998; Clay 2001; Leshchinskii 2005: 130-31).

Ọganihu ngwa ngwa nke òtù ọhụrụ ahụ, nkatọ siri ike ọ na-ebo Moscow Patriarchate, na omume ịta ahụhụ ya kpaliri mmegide. Na 1994, site na mkpali nke ndị ikwu na-echegbu onwe ha nke ndị otu ụka, ndị ọka iwu na Moscow bidoro nyocha n'ime ebubo ndị ụka na-emerụ ahụ ike na anụ ahụ nke ndị na-ekpe ya; afọ abụọ mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, ha kwụsịrị ikpe ahụ n'ihi enweghị ihe akaebe (Baklanova 1999: 19). Ka o sina dị, ụlọ ọrụ mgbasa akụkọ na ndị ọkà mmụta okpukpe na-ekweghị na Chọọchị Ọtọdọks wakporo chọọchị ahụ mgbe mgbe dị ka “òtù nzuzo na-ebibi ihe.” Na nzaghachi nke nrụgide a, chọọchị ahụ kwụsịrị omume omume nnabata ya siri ike ma dozie ozi apocalyptic ya. Ozi Meri egosighi na ikpe ikpeazụ, kama ọ bụ ngbanwe nke ụwa na mmalite nke afọ ọhụrụ (Burdo na Filatov 2004: 143-144).

John ruru ihe karịrị Iso Ụzọ Kraịst dị iche iche iji nabata ndị mọnk site n'ọtụtụ ọdịnala dị iche iche. O zutere Korean ZenOnye isi okpukpe Buddha Seo Kyung-bo (1914-1996) mgbe nke abụọ a gara St. Petersburg na 1994. Na Nọvemba 1997, John kwuru okwu ma kpee ekpere na Reverend Sun Myung Moon “Ngọzi ’97” —nke oriri agbamakwụkwọ nke 28,000 di na nwunye mere na Egwuregwu Robert F. Kennedy na Washington, DC Na 2005, John gara Saịprọs ka ya na Naqshbandi Sufi Sheykh Nizam al-Haqqani (b. 1922) (Ioann [Veniamin Iakovlevich Bereslavskii] 2014) ghaa.

Na 1997, ka ndị omebe iwu Russia na-arụrịta ụka ma na-ewepụta Iwu gbasara Nnwere Onwe nke Akọ na Uche na nke Organitù Okpukpe, nke e mere kpọmkwem iji gbochie mmegharị okpukpe ọhụrụ na nke mba ọzọ, chọọchị ahụ kwusiri ike njikọ ya na Russia, usoro ndị Romanov, na eziokwu nzuzo. Chọọchị Ọtọdọks. Chọọchị ahụ nakweere katkizim ọhụrụ (Ioann [Veniamin Iakovlevich Bereslavskii] 1997a) na aha ọhụrụ: Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Nne Chukwu nke Chukwu, na-ezo aka na nchọpụta ọrụ ebube afọ iri asatọ tupu mgbe ahụ nke akara ngosi ọrụ ebube nke Nne nke Chukwu. “Ọkaakaa” Chọọchị jiri aha ọhụrụ ahụ mee ihe nnọchianya okpukpe dị mkpa nke mba; A hụrụ akara ngosi ahụ, nke gosipụtara Meri Nwanyị ji mkpịsị na mkpanaka eze na 1917 na ụka parish site n'aka nwanyị nwanyị nwe obodo nke Mary n'onwe ya duziri nyocha ya. Ọzọkwa, nchọpụta ahụ mere kpọmkwem ụbọchị Emperor Emperor nke Abụọ kwụsịrị n'ọchịchị ya; ndị kwere ekwe Ọtọdọks dị nsọ na-atụgharịrị ngosipụta nke akara ngosi a dị ka ihe ịrịba ama na Nne nke Chukwu abụrụla onye ọchịchị ime mmụọ nke Russia mgbe ewepụrụ Nicholas (Kazakevich 2004; Shchennikov et al. 2010).

Chọọchị ahụ kwukwara kpọmkwem na njikọ Romanov. Achịbishọp Jọn malitere ịnata ikpughe ọ bụghị nanị site na Merikamakwa site n'aka “Onyeisi Ndị Bishọp” Serafim (Mikhail Alekseevich Pozdeev) (afọ 1971) otu onye na-akọ akụkọ ifo nke chere na ọ ga-abụ onye isi ụlọ okpukperechi Ọtọdọks nke dị n'okpuru ala n'oge ọtụtụ oge Soviet. N'ụzọ dị oke mkpa, John mere ka Serafim mara ya na Grand Duke Mikhail Romanov (1878-1918), nwanne nwoke nke eze ukwu ikpeazụ nke Russia, onye boro ebubo na ọ gbanahụ igbu ya, kwe nkwa ndị mọnk, ma bụrụ onye Nna ya Tikhon (d. 1925). N’ọtụtụ akwụkwọ edepụtara na mbido afọ 2000, Achịbishọp John weghachitere akụkọ ihe mere eme nke ụka dị n’okpuru ala na-eji mkpughe ọrụ ebube Serafim dịka isi ya (Alekseev na Nechaeva 2000; Ioann [Veniamin Iakovlevich Bereslavskii] 2003a, 2003b, 2004). Chọọchị ahụ haziri njem ala nsọ na ebe obibi ndị mọnk Solovetsky dị na White Sea, nke ndị ọchịchị Soviet mere ka ha bụrụ ogige ụlọ mkpọrọ na 1923. Chọọchị ahụ hazikwara ihe ngosi gafee Russia Federation nke gosipụtara nhụjuanya nke Ndị Kraịst nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe ha na Soviet Gulag.

Ka ọ na-erule 2002, chọọchị ahụ edenyela mkpakọrịta okpukpe 30 (gụnyere otu ebe obibi ndị mọnk na isi ụlọ ụka ahụ) na Ministri nke Ikpe Ziri Ezi; netwọk a sitere na Moscow ruo Ulan-Ude na nso Lake Baikal (Federal'naia sluzhba gosudarstvennoi statistiki 2002). Ndebanye aha nyere ndị otu a iwu mmadụ ka ha nwee ike ịgbazite ụlọ, bipụta ma kesaa akwụkwọ okpukpe, wee mepụta ihe nkiri. Otú ọ dị, ndị ọchịchị obodo anabataghị ihe ka n'ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ndị parish ụka, ka afọ iri ahụ na-aga n'ihu, chọọchị ahụ chere mkpagbu na nrụgide na-arịwanye elu sitere na ọha mmadụ na steeti. Na 2005, otu ndị omekome, ndị na-azọrọ na ha bụ akụkụ nke òtù ụmụnna Ọtọdọks, gbaghaara OCSMG Center maka Ime Mmụọ Russia (Falikov 2005). Na Disemba, 2006, n’obodo Lipetsk, ndị ọrụ gọọmenti etiti nwụchiri ọtụtụ ndị ụka na-ahazi ihe ngosi, nke isiokwu ya bụ “Solovki — Golgotha ​​nke Abụọ.” Otu onye nkuzi mpaghara ahụ, onye so na Onyeisiala Vladimir Putin si United Russia Party, boro ndị otu ụka ebubo na ha na-emerụ ụmụ akwụkwọ ya bịara ileta ihe ngosi ahụ uche. Okwu ikpe ahụ gara n'ihu ọnwa ole na ole wee kọọrọ ya na telivishọn na-ahụ maka steeti (Pervyi kanal 2007). E gosipụtaghị ebubo ahụ na-enweghị isi, na ụlọ ikpe mpaghara na-akwụ ụgwọ naanị obere obere (Afanasii [Kalinkin] 2006; Popov 2007). Ka o sina dị, steeti malitere iji nwayọọ nwayọọ kagbuo ọtụtụ ndebanye aha nke enyerela ọgbakọ dị na chọọchị ahụ (SOVA Informatsionno-analiticheskii tsentr 2006). Ka ọ na-erule 2012, naanị ndị ụka 18 OCSMG nọ na-edebanye aha ha (Federal'naia sluzhba gosudarstvennoi statistiki 2012).

N’okpuru nrụgide a, Achịbishọp John malitere itinyekwu oge na mba ọzọ, na-aga mba dị iche iche, gụnyere Turkey na Spain. Na 2009, ọ gbara arụkwaghịm n'ọrụ nlekọta ya dị ka onye isi nke kansụl nke ụka bishọp ma soro obere ìgwè ndị na-eso ụzọ kwaga Spain. N'ịkpọ onwe ya Nna dị Nsọ gọziri agọzi John nke Holy Grail, ọ kwupụtara ọhụụ ọhụrụ site na oke Cathar tozuru oke, ihe nnabata nke ụzọ abụọ mepere emepe nke gara nke ọma na ndịda France ma a kwụsị ya n'ike na narị afọ nke iri na atọ na nke iri na anọ. Ndị Cathar Immortals bụ ndị na-elekọta Holy Grail na, site na njikọ ha na Bulgarian Bogomils (usoro okpukpe ọzọ nke abụọ), nwere njikọ chiri anya na akụkọ ntolite mbụ nke Iso Christianityzọ Kraịst na Russia. N'ime mkpughe ya ọhụụ, Fada John ekwusiri ike mkpa ime mmụọ nke mkpọmkpọ ebe nke Cathar; ọ nakweere nkwado ha kpamkpam ma katọọ Chineke nke Agba Ochie dị ka "Chastiser," chi na-abọ ọbọ nke dị iche na Nna nke Jizọs Kraịst kpughere (John gọziri agọzi nke Holy Grail 2010). Site na ntọala ọhụrụ ya na Spain, John gara n'ihu na-eji mgbasa ozi nke ọma site na ibipụta akwụkwọ, na -emepụta ọtụtụ saịtị weebụ, na -emepụta ibe mmemme Facebook, yana ọbụnakwa na -emepụta akwụkwọ akụkọ ogologo (Dorokhov 2010).

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

OCSMG kwadoro ikikere nke onye amụma ya na onye ndu ime mmụọ John (Bereslavsky). N'ihi na John nọ na mgbe nile
ịkpọtụrụ ndị eluigwe, gụnyere Virgin Mary, ndị nwụrụ n'ihi okwukwe nke Chọọchị Ọtọdọks, na ndị Cathar zuru oke, ọ na-anata mkpughe ọhụụ ọhụụ nke na-agbanwe ma ọ bụ na-ehichapụ ndị agadi. John katọrọ mgbe niile ụlọ ọrụ ụka maka ịhapụ ụzọ mbụ nke ike ime mmụọ ha yana ịmepụta iwu na usoro siri ike. N’akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Russia, John na-azọrọ na ọ nwetaghachiri mmụọ dị nwayọ nke St. Nil nke Sora (ihe dịka 1433-1508), onye rụrụ ụka na ndị mọnk ekwesịghị inwe ihe onwunwe kama na ha kwesịrị iji ndụ ha na-ekpe ekpere oge niile, na-emegide nke onye ya na ya na ya na-emekọ ihe, St. Joseph nke Volokolamsk (ihe dị ka 1440-1515), onye kwenyere n'ọchịchị aka ike siri ike, ntaramahụhụ siri ike nke ndị jụrụ okwukwe, na ụka bara ọgaranya na ike. Nke a wutere Jọn nke ukwuu, Josef meriri n'ọgbakọ kansụl na 1505; kemgbe oge ahụ, iwu, pharisaism, na omume ihu abụọ emetụtala Ọtọdọks nke Russia. Ikike na-adọrọ adọrọ nke sitere na ịkpọtụrụ chi bụ ọgwụgwọ maka ọrịa "Josephism" (Popov na Ioann 1997).

Ozizi uka ahu di otutu; n'ime iri afọ atọ gara aga, John ebipụtala ọtụtụ narị akwụkwọ (ọtụtụ jupụtara na mkpughe ọhụrụ) ndị na-akọwa ma kọwaa soteriology, Christology, ecclesiology, eschatology, na Mariology nke ụka ya. N’agbanyeghi na enweghi ike inye akuko banyere akuko nkuzi nke uka a bu ebe a, enwere ike kewaa akuko n’akuko ato. N'ime oge mbụ, site na 1984 ruo 1997, John gosipụtara ụka ya dị ka akụkụ nke mmalite Marian zuru ụwa ọnụ. Nwa agbọghọ Virgin Mary na-ehiwe ọhụụ ọhụụ site na ikpughe Agba nke atọ ya nye ndị na-eso ụzọ ya gburugburu ụwa site na ọtụtụ ngosipụta ya. Ozi ya kwusiri ike banyere ikpe na-abịanụ ma gbaa ụmụazụ ya ume ka ha na-eme ezi ofufe ma na-asọpụrụ Chineke. N'oge a, ụka nakweere ọtụtụ nkuzi ọdịnala Katọlik (dịka nkwenkwe nke Immaculate Conception) na omume (dịka ikpe ekpere rosary). Chọọchị ahụ lere anya na njikọ nke mmadụ niile n'okpuru a Virgin Mary's aegis.

Na oge nke abụọ, site na 1997 ruo 2006, dị ka ọchịchị Russia na-amachibido iwu mmegharị okpukpe ọhụrụ, Jọn na-ekwusi ike na mgbọrọgwụ ndị Russia na ndị ọchịchị na chọọchị ya na ike mgbapụta nke nhụjuanya nke ndị ezi okwukwe nke Ọtọdọks n'oge oge Soviet. Nhụjuanya ma nwụọ n'ogige ụlọ mkpọrọ ndị Soviet, ndị a nwụrụ anwụ na-eso Kraịst na Meri, na mgbapụta nke ụwa. N'ọgbọ ọhụrụ, nke malitere na 2006, John agbahapụwo Iso Ụzọ Kraịst dị iche iche na ndị Ọtọdọks, Katọlik, na ndị Protestant. Ọ natara ihe ọhụụ sitere na Cathar perfects (Blazhennyi Ioann 2006; John Blessed nke Grail Grail 2007). O kwenyesiri ike na nke a ma jụ ugbu a Chineke nke Agba Ochie na Iwu Iri dị ka Yaldabaoth, Demiurge (Blazhennyi Ioann 2012). Jehova na Chineke bụ aha maka chi nke ụwa a, bụ ndị mere ka a pịa ahụhụ na egwu karịa ịhụnanya. Ezi Chineke nke ima amaghi ama Jisos, onye kpugheere ya uwa. N'okwu ndị a kachasị anya, John amụtala na Pita onyeozi bụ "onye iro mbụ nke Kraịst" na "onye na-ebute ndị anathemas megide ezi ndị na-eso ụzọ Kraịst." Cathars, nke dị iche na nke ahụ, guzobere ụka nke ịhụnanya; ha bụ ndị na-elekọta Grail Gral, mgbe ndị iro ha gbalịrị ịkụ ha ọkụ, Cathars na-adịghị anwụ anwụ rịgoro n'eluigwe, dị ka Elaija onye amụma. Grail dị nsọ na ụlọ ndị Katharị na-ebi na mkpọmkpọ ebe nke Montsegur, nke ikpeazụ nke Cathar na-adaba na Katọlik Katọlik nke Montfort dị na 1244 ("The Conversion Second" nd; Tainy katarov nd). Ozi John ugbu a aghọwo imeghari na weghachite okwukwe ndị Cathar na Western Europe na ụwa niile. Iji mezuo nke a, ọ nọ na-eduzi okwu ihu ọha, na-akpọkọta ndị nnọchiteanya, na-eziga vidiyo, ma na-eduzi nzukọ ọmụmụ ihe na ndị Cathar. Na ngwụcha, mmepeanya dị ugbu a, ụzọ iri asatọ na anọ ga-abịa na njedebe; dị ka “Hyperborean White Navigator,” John ga-enyere ọzụzụ nke ụmụ mmadụ ọhụrụ na ndị Seraphites, n’ime mmepeanya iri asatọ. John "na-enyere ndị agha ime mmụọ aka ka ha pụta bụ ndị ga-enyere ụmụ mmadụ aka iteta ma bụrụ ezigbo ahụike, obi ụtọ na nnwere onwe" (Cathar Association 2013; John of the Holy Grail 2011).

RITUALS / PRACTICES

N'ime afọ iri atọ gara aga, John webatara ọtụtụ mgbanwe na emume nke ụka iji zaghachi ọtụtụ mkpughe ya. Ngosipụta mbụ nke Meri gbara ndị na-eso ụzọ ya ume ka ha buru ọnụ ma kpee ekpere, na mmalite afọ nke mmegharị nke John gosipụtara omume siri ike nke na-etinye alụghị di ma ọ bụ nwunye, ogologo oge ntụgharị uche, ụra na-enweghị oke, na obere nri. N'etiti 1990s, dịka ndị na-emegide òtù nzuzo na ndị ọkà mmụta okpukpe Ọtọdọks na-enyocha ya, chọọchị ahụ kwụsịrị ọchịchị ya (Lunkin 2004: 136-58).

Ná mmalite 1990s, chọọchị ahụ kere onwe ya mmemme syncretics site na ịmalite nzọụkwụ, egwu egwu, abụ ọgbakọ, abụ ndị eze na-achị (gụnyere "Chineke Save the Czar"), "Paracletic" (nke sitere n'ike mmụọ nsọ) n'ekpere egwu egwu, na nke ndị Katọlik n'asụsụ ndị mọnk nke St. John Chrysostom, ọrụ omenala ndị Ọtọdọks (Krotov 1991; Egortsev 2004; John nke Holy Grail [Veniamin Iakovlevich Bereslavskii] 2011: 43). Chọọchị ahụ nọgidere na-enwe ụfọdụ n'ime akụkụ ọdịnala nke liturgy, dị ka nnukwu litany, ntakịrị nbata (ọhụụ nke ndị ụkọchukwu na-ebu Oziọma ahụ na ebe ịchụàjà), Nnukwu Nbata (ìgwè ndị ụkọchukwu na-ebu ihe ndị Eucharistic ebe ịchụàjà) na udo nke ndị kwesịrị ntụkwasị obi. Dịka Chọọchị Ọtọdọks nke Russia, OCSMG na-agba Eucharist na achịcha na mmanya (Baklanova 1999: 75-86). OCSMG emeela mgbanwe dị ukwuu na omenala ndị Ọtọdọks site na-eduzi ọtụtụ ọrụ na Russian (kama na Old Church Slavonic), site na dochie ọgụgụ nke Oziọma ahụ site na nkọwa banyere oge nke ụbọchị ahụ, nakwa site n'iwebata "plastic ekpere "- ekpere nke na-agụnye mmegharị aka na ahụ" nke na-ebugharị ụda nke obi ime mmụọ "(Cataro 2010). Akụkụ nke akwụkwọ ndị OCSMG na-agụgharị na-agụnyekwa ihe omume ememe nke ndị nnọchianya na-atụpụta ihe ọjọọ (dị ka agha ma ọ bụ igbu ụmụ anụmanụ) ka ha na-abụ, "Anyị gbochie!" Ná mkpughe ya nye Jọn, Meri edeziri akwụkwọ a mgbanwe ma too ya maka ya; na okwu ya, John na-eje ozi "ndụ liturgies" ma "mee ka ndị ụkọchukwu nke John Chrysostom gaa n'ọkwa ọhụrụ" (John of the Holy Grail [Veniamin Iakovlevich Bereslavskii] 2011: 48-49). OCSMG na-achọ izere ịme ememe oyi na-atụ ma jiri ezigbo obi ụtọ na nkwanye ùgwù na-efe ofufe dị ezigbo mkpa (Baklanova 1999: 83).

OCSMG na-ahụkwa sacrament ndị ọzọ nke Ọtọdọks isii, ọ bụ ezie na ọ webatala ụfọdụ mgbanwe na emume ndị a. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, enwere ike ime Baptizim site na ifesa (dị ka Chọọchị Katọlik) ma ọ bụ site na imikpu kpamkpam (dị ka Ọtọdọks) (Aleksandr [AZ Dolaberidze] 2003). Chọọchị ahụ na-eme ememme Mbilite n'Ọnwụ nke Kraịst (Pascha ma ọ bụ Ista) na ụbọchị oriri iri na abụọ nke Ọtọdọks dịka kalenda Julian nke ndị Ọtọdọks nke Russia na-ejikwa. Na mgbakwunye, OCSMG agbakwunyela ememme maka ịsọpụrụ Meri. Na mbido Machị, ụka n’echeta Meri dika Mmiri Ebighi-ebi nke Ọdịnihu Mmadụ. N’August, OCSMG na-eleba Izu nke Nwanyị Ejiri Anyanwụ Anya, bụ nke a kọwara Meri na nwanyị apocalyptic nke Mkpughe 12. Izu ụka nke abụọ nke Septemba na-echeta aha Meri na hypostases; izu na-eso ya na-asọpụrụ ya dị ka New Eve. Na onwa Disemba, n’oge ndi Russia n’enwe n’usoro iwu ochichi, uka n’asoro Meri dika otu nne nke Holy Holy Russia. OCSMG nyere nne nke Chukwu maka mmeri ndị gbara mgba okpuru gbalịrị ịkwatu Mikhail Gorbachev na August 1991, ma na-echeta mmeri ya kwa afọ na 21 August. Chọọchị ahụ na-echeta 3 October, ụbọchị ncheta nke Onye isi ala Boris Yeltsin na 1993 meriri mmegide ya na nzuko omeiwu Russia, dị ka Mmeri nke Nne nke Chineke na Red Dragon (Baklanova 1999: 75-86).

Na oge ikpeazụ, John emeela ka egwu dị egwu, dị ka "Dance nke Holy Grail." N'otu aka ahụ, na January 2006 na mkpọmkpọ ebe nke Montsegur, John mere ememme Cathar nke mgbakọ ahụ na onye njem Amerịka (San Salvador Castle) 2006). Jọn edekwara ọtụtụ akwụkwọ ekpere maka ofufe onwe onye.

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

Ọ bụ ezie na ọ bi na mba ofesi ugbu a na Spain ma hapụkwa njikwa ụka ya, John Bereslavsky, ma ọ bụ gọziri John nke Holy Grail, ka bụ onye ndu ime mmụọ na onye amụma nke OCSMG, nke nwekwara usoro nhazi. Chọọchị isi ụlọ ọrụ dị na Moscow. Dịka akwụkwọ iwu ya si kwuo, ndị OCSMG bụ ndị kansụl nke ndị bishọp na-eduzi, onye onye isi ala ha ugbu a bụ Bishop Feodosii (Iurii Sergeevich Feoktistov), ​​onye John bụ enyi ya ogologo oge na onye ibe ya. Ndị bishọp atọ ọzọ na-eje ozi na kansụl ahụ: Martin (Aleksandr Petrovich Kolistratov), ​​Mikhail (Gennadii Nikolaevich Morgun), na Mikhail (Vadim Evgenievich Kazartsev). Ndị ụkọchukwu na-ahụ maka ọrụ ụka kwa ụbọchị nke ụka a, nke nọ n'okpuru ọgbakọ kansụl nke ndị bishọp. Ugbu a nke Bishọp Mikhail (Kazartsev) nke Tver na-achị, ndị isi ahụ nwere mmadụ itoolu, gụnyere ndị bishọp, ndị ụkọchukwu, na ndị nọn. Archpriest Ilia (Mikhail Nikolaevich Popov), onye zutere ma raara onwe ya nye John na 1980s, na-eje ozi dị ka onye odeakwụkwọ Executive nke OCSMG Spiritual Directorate (Popov 2013). Na mbido 2000s, Ilia bụkwa onye rector nke OCSMG Spiritual Academy of St. Simeon the New Theologian, nke zụrụ ndị isi OCSMG, mana agụmakwụkwọ mechiri n'ihi enweghị ego.

Na Spain, John hiwere Association maka ọmụmụ nke Cathar Culture na-ahazi nzukọ, nkuzi, egwu, okwu, na njem uka na saịtị Cathar. Tù a na-akwado ma na-agbasa nkọwa John na akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Cathar. A na-ahụta John ka onye amụma Cathar nke na-ewetara ozi nke ndị anwụghị anwụ na ohere nke ịbụ chi nye ụmụazụ ya.

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Na Russia, ndị chọọchị na-eche mmegide kpụ ọkụ n'ọnụ site n'aka ndị na-akatọ ọdịmma mba na ndị na-achọghị ọdịmma onwe ha bụ́ ndị na-akatọ chọọchị Ọtọdọks, bụ́ ndị na-akatọkarị ya dị ka “òtù nzuzo. Ọtụtụ obodo OCSMG efuola aha ha na Russia. Ọ bụ ezie na site na 2002, OCSMG nwere òtù okpukpe 30 debanyere aha na Russia, afọ iri mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị ọnụ ọgụgụ ahụ agbadatala na 19. Na 1999, a kpọchiri ụka ahụ na isi ụlọ ọrụ ya dị na Moscow n'ehihie nke otu kansụl ukwu; ọ ga-emecha kwaga ebe ọzọ n’obodo ahụ. Ọzọkwa, ụfọdụ ndị iro chọọchị amalitela ime ihe ike. Na 2005, ndị omekome ise, ndị na-azọrọ na ha so n'òtù ụmụnna ndị Ọtọdọks, wakporo Center nke ụka maka Ime Mmụọ Russia na Moscow n'abalị ma mee nnukwu mbibi (Falikov 2005). Otu afọ mgbe nke a gasịrị, mmadụ gbara ogbugba iri na ise na obodo ndị mọnk ụka dị na obodo Glazovo dị nso na Moscow; ndị isi ụka mere atụmatụ na mmebi ahụ dị na 300,000 rubles (ihe dị ka $ 9000) (Portal Credo.ru 2006). Taa, ọ na-esiri ụka ike ịgbazite nnukwu ebe, dị ka ama egwuregwu Moscow Dinamo, dị ka ọ mere ruo 2004.

Kemgbe papa John kwagara Spen n’afọ 2009, chọọchị ahụ anọwo na-achọgharị ndị na-atụgharị okpukpe na Western Europe. Ọ na-ebipụta akwụkwọ n'asụsụ Spanish na Bekee yana Russian ma nwee ọnụnọ siri ike na ịntanetị. Zụlite na ịnọgide na-enwe obodo gafere mba ọzọ na-ewetara John na ụmụazụ ya ezigbo nsogbu. Akwụkwọ akụkọ ụka a na-ebi kwa afọ banyere otu ụka mịnịstrị na-ahụ maka ikpe nkwụmọtọ na Russia na-egosi na ego adaala kemgbe John lara; mmefu ego nke 2009 nke nde rubles 2.4 belatara ruo 841,000 rubles site na 2011 (Tsentralizovannaia religioznaia organizatsiia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov 'Bozhiei Materi Derzhavnaia 2010, 2011, 2012). Ọnwụ nke Nna John, onye dị afọ iri isii ugbu a, nwere ike ibute ọgba aghara na chọọchị ya, nke dabere na ya maka mkpughe ya site na Chineke. Chọọchị enweghị ndị amụma ọzọ, enweghịkwa onye ga-anọchi John.

Chọọchị ahụ na-echekwa ọrụ siri ike nke ịghọta amụma dị iche iche dịgasị iche iche nke John nataworo n'ime afọ iri atọ. Ozi nke ndi nwuru anwu Cathar di iche na nkpughe mbu nke Virgin Mary. Ọ bụ ezie na ụfọdụ ndị na-eso ụzọ John emeela mgbalị iji mepụta usoro mmụta kwekọrọ na ya, mkpughe ọhụụ dịlarị mkpa karịa ụkpụrụ ọ bụla na-adịghị adị. Ọ bụrụ na mkpughe ndị ahụ akwụsị, agbanyeghị, ndị isi ụka nwere ike ịjụ ajụjụ gbasara mmụta okpukpe siri ike ka ha na-achọ idozi ụdọ dị iche iche nke mkpughe nke onye amụma ha.

N'ụlọ ọhụrụ ya na Spen, papa John nọ na-enwe nsogbu site na Chọọchị Katọlik, bụ nke ga-eme ka o doo anya na ọ ga-enwe ọganihu.

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Banyere chepụtara:
J. Eugene Clay

Ụbọchị Post:
September 3, 2014
 

 

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