Meher Nna


Meher Nna

Onye guzobere: Merwan Shehariarji Irani

Ofbọchị ọmụmụ na ọnwụ: Febụwarị 25, 1894-Jenụwarị 31, 1969

Ebe omuma: Guruprasad, Poona, India

Emebere otu dị iche iche nke afọ: Meher Baba bu ụzọ guzobe ndị na-eso na 1922 na Bombay. Na 1931 Baba gara US wee hiwe omume rụrụ arụ na-eso ebe ahụ. Na 1952 ọ nakweere ihe nketa nke Sufis Reoriented na US. Herzọ Meher Baba gụnyere Sheriar Foundation, yana ọtụtụ ndị ọzọ Meher Baba Groups. Offọdụ n'ime otu ndị a dịka Meher Baba Information nke Berkeley, CA, na Society for Avatar Meher Baba nke New York City ka etolitere mgbe ọ nwụsịrị na 1969. E nwekwara ọtụtụ mbipụta dịka Ngosipụta, Inc., GLOW International, na magazin ụmụaka, egwurugwu! tinye aka n’ikusa ozi Baba

History

Mgbe ya na guru Hazrat Babajan na-emekọrịta ihe, Merwan mechara kwuo na ya enwetala nghọta onwe ya wee si ebe ahụ tụgharịa nkuzi nke ndị nna mmụọ ime mmụọ ndị ọzọ gụnyere Upasani Maharaj bụ onye kwupụtara Merwan "onye rutere na ngwụcha Chukwu." Na mmechi, ekwuputara Baba ịbụ Avatar ma ọ bụ ngosipụta nke Chineke n'ụdị mmadụ. (Hopkinson) O kwenyere na ọrụ ya dị ka Avatar gụnyere ịgụnye mmụọ mmadụ na nghọta nke Chineke. Isi nkuzi ya bụ Lovehụnanya na Nkwanye Universalwa Nile, àgwà abụọ ọ kwenyere na ọ nwere ike ịgwọ ịhụ ihe onwunwe n'anya nke ọgbọ ya. Baba buru ụzọ guzobe ụlọ akwụkwọ na India yana obodo nke ya, Meherabad iji nye ebe "ndị ofufe" ma ọ bụ ndị na-eso ụzọ ga-arụ ọrụ. Onye nlekọta nke Meher Center, Kitty Davy chịkọtara, "Avatar bụ Chineke n'ụdị mmadụ. Ọ na-abịa ọzọ n'oge kwesịrị ekwesị, mgbe ụwa nọ n'ọgba aghara na ịhụ ihe onwunwe n'anya dị ka ọ dị ugbu a, ibi ndụ ọzọ n'ụzọ ndụ nke egosiri na ọrụ achọghị ọdịmma onwe onye nanị, n'ihi na ịhụnanya pụtara omume. Baba kwuru na ihe onwunwe na mmụọ ga-agarịrị ụkwụ na aka. Younweghị ike ịnọ na ezumike nke mmụọ maka ndụ gị niile wee chọta Chineke. A ghaghị ịchọta Chineke n'ụwa, site na ọrụ, site n'omume achọghị ọdịmma onwe onye nanị. ”(Anthony)

Ederede Dị Nsọ ma ọ bụ nke A Na-asọpụrụ: Enweghị ederede dị nsọ nye naanị ndị na-eso Meher Baba, ma e wezụga akụkụ Akwụkwọ Nsọ dị iche iche nke ụka ha. Ihe odide ya abụọ a ma ama bụ Okwu na Chineke Na-ekwu Okwu.Chineke Na-ekwu Okwu edere dị ka nduzi mmụọ maka ndị ọdịda anyanwụ bụ ndị na-amachaghị banyere mmụọ nsọ ma ọ bụ eluigwe na ala.

Ugo nke otu: Agụmakwụkwọ Meher Baba na-eso ihe ruru otu narị puku na India. Na United States, ọnụ ọgụgụ ahụ pere mpe ma mebie site na mpaghara obodo ọ bụla nwere ndị otu na-agbanwe agbanwe. (Anthony)

Nkwupụta: Meher Baba nwere mmetụta n'ọtụtụ akara ngosi ọdịnala nke counterculture nke 1960 gụnyere Pete Townshend nke "onye" na ndị ọzọ na-ese ihe. A na-ekwu Baba na ịgbanwe ndụ na-ebibi onwe onye nke ọtụtụ ndị na-a drugụ ọgwụ na ndụ nke ọrụ obodo na nke onwe ya. (Anthony)

Nkwenye

Meher Baba na ndị na-eso ụzọ ya kwenyere na ọ bụ Chineke bụ onye bịara arụ na Avatar nke oge "ọchịchịrị ma ọ bụ igwe", akpọkwara Kali Yuga. Oge a bụ oge anyị dị ugbu a na akụkọ ntolite, na nke ikpeazụ nke okirikiri atavistic. Usoro a gụnyere ndị bu ya ụzọ: Zoroaster, Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Christ, na Mohammed. (Needleman) Baba kwenyere na ọrụ avatar bụ "ịkpọte ụmụ mmadụ ka ha wee mata mmụọ nke mmụọ ya ma mee ka ndụ niile nke mmụọ nke oge ya dị ndụ. . . ” Baba nwere nchegbu banyere ọdịbendị nke ịhụ ihe onwunwe n'anya nke oge ya ma gbasie mbọ ike na-agbasa nghọta nke ịdị nsọ nke mbara igwe. Dịka Avatar, ozi Meher Baba bụ ịdị n'otu ihe atụ nke mmadụ niile site na mmekọrịta nke Lovehụnanya Chineke. Site n'ịhụ Nna n'anya, ndị hụrụ Nna n'anya nwere ike ịmụta ịhụ ndị ọzọ n'anya. N'ebe kachasị elu, nke kachasị njọ, ịhụnanya, ịhụnanya Chineke, ọdịiche dị n'etiti onye hụrụ ya n'anya na onye ọ hụrụ n'anya kwụsịrị ma otu na-esonyere Chineke. (Melton)

Ozizi Baba na-emetụta Zoroastrianism nke bụ okpukperechi obodo ya, na Sufism, yana ndị India na ndị mmụọ, ọtụtụ n’ime ha kwenyere na Meher Baba bụ onye pụrụ iche. O jikwa nkuzi nke okpukpe ndị ọzọ dị iche iche kwenye na ụka okpukpe mmadụ anaghị egbochi ikike mmadụ inweta ọkwa ime mmụọ kachasị elu. Ọ gbara ndị niile na-eso ụzọ ume ka ha jigide omume nke okpukpe ha belụsọ mgbe ha na-emegide nkuzi ya banyere ịhapụ mmekọahụ ruo oge alụmdi na nwunye. Meher Baba tinyere otutu ihe omuma nke owuwa anyanwu n'ime nkuzi ya tinyere na nkpuru obi ma obu ihe omuma bu ihe nwere ike wepu aru site na aru aru na nkpuru obi mmadu adighi adi. Echiche dị ka nke a na-esiwanye ike dịka Baba na-abanye n'ime ogo nke mmụọ na nke ime mmụọ. (Hopkinson)

References

Anthony, Dick na Thomas Robbins. June 1972. "Idozi Onye Ya na Meher Baba," Akwụkwọ akụkọ maka Scientific Study of Religion. 11 nke 2.

Nna, Meher. 1973. Ọnye na-bụ Meher Baba ?, Meher Era Publications, Poona, India.

Hopkinson, Tom na Dorothy. 1981. Ọtụtụ ịgbachi nkịtị, Meher Baba: Ndụ ya na Ọrụ ya, Meher House Publications, Bombay, India

Melton, J. Gordon. 1986. Diographical Dictionary nke American Cult and Sect Leaders, Garland Publishing, Inc. New York

Melton, J. Gordon. 1978. Encyclopedia of American Religions Vol. 2, McGrath na-ekwusara Co., Wilmington, NC

Miller, Timothy ed. 1995. Okpukpe Ndị Ọzọ nke America, Mahadum Ọchịchị nke New York Press, Albany.

Onye aghaa, Jacob. 1970. Okpukpe Ọhụrụ, Doubleday & Co., Garden City NY

Kwadoro site: Jon Brandt
Soc 257, mmeghari okpukpe ohuru
Oge Mmiri, 1997
A gbanwere ya ozugbo: 07 / 6 / 01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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