Bernadette Rigal-Cellard

Kateri Tekakwitha na Saint Kateri's Shrine

Oge KATERI SHRINE

1656: Catherine Tegahkouïta [nke na-esote Kateri Tekakwitha] mụrụ na obodo Mohawk dị nso na Auriesville, New York ugbu a.

1667 ma ọ bụ 1668: St. Francis Xavier Mission guzobere site na Pierre Raffeix, S.J., na seigneurie nke La Prairie de la Madeleine, ma ọ bụ Kentake, n'akụkụ ọwụwa anyanwụ nke St Lawrence, South nke Montreal.

1673: N'ịbụ onye ndị Jesuit duziri, ihe dị ka iri anọ Christian Mohawks ruru ozi na-abịa site na Kaghnuwage, na Osimiri Mohawk na ógbè nke New York.

1676: Kateri ruru ozi ebugharị na Sault Saint Louis. Aha obodo ahụ bụ Coghnawaga (ma ọ bụ Caughnawaga).

1680: Kateri Tekakwitha nwụrụ.

1680: Eze France nyere ndị Jesuit Sault Saint Louis seigneurie maka idozi Iroquois Christianized; Ndi Jesuit nwere ya rue 1762 mgbe France tufuru North America.

1684: E wepụrụ ozu Kateri na ebe a na-eli ozu ma webata ya na chọọchị nke Côte Sainte-Catherine.

1716: Ozi ahụ, bụ nke kwagara ọtụtụ oge, kwụsịrị kpamkpam na ebe ọ dị ugbu a.

1720: Mgbe e wuru chọọchị ahụ, e debere ozu Kateri n'ebe ahụ n'ime igbe iko a kara akara.

1831: N’okpuru nlekọta nke Fr. Joseph Marcoux na Fr. Félix Martin, SJ, arụzigharị ozi ahụ iji tinye sacristy ọhụrụ, ụlọ elu ọhụrụ na steepụ.

1845 (May 19): Constructionrụ ụlọ malitere maka ụka dị ugbu a.

1943: Kateri kwupụtara Venerable.

1972: E weghaara ihe onwunwe Kateri n'ime ili dị n'akụkụ aka nri nke ụka.

1980: Na 1980, aha Catherine Tegahkouïta ahaziri aha ya Kateri Tekakwitha. A makwaara ya dị ka Lily nke Mohawks.

1980: Pope John Paul II lụrụ Kateri mma na Rome.

1983: E kwuru na ụka bụ Katrine's shrine.

2012 (October 21): Kateri bụ onye Pope Pope Benedict XVI nabatara na Rome.

AKỤKỌ

A mụrụ Kateri Tekakwitha na 1656 na Gandaougué, obodo Mohawk, nke dị nso ugbu a Auriesville na New York State. Nna ya bụ Iroquois, nne ya bụ Algonquin ma bụrụ onye ndị France mere baptizim. Mgbe Kateri dị afọ anọ, kịtịkpa gburu nne ya, nna ya na nwanne ya nwoke; akara ihu ya ruo mgbe ebighị ebi; mebie anya ya. Mgbe nke ahụ gasiri, ọ ghagidere na-aga n'ihu

chebe onwe ya site n’ìhè niile, ọbụnakwa ịwụnye blanket n’elu isi ya. Nwanne nna ya nakweere ya, ma na-enyere ezinụlọ ya aka n'ọrụ ndị a na-arụ kwa ụbọchị ma ọ na-amasị ịnọ naanị ha. Mgbe o ruru ogo ịlụ di, ọ jụrụ nkwenye niile, nke a tụrụ ndị obodo ya n'anya nke ndị na-alụghị di na nwunye enweghị uru ọ bụla.

N’oge ụfọdụ, Fada Lamberville, SJ, gara n’obodo ha ebe o zutere ya. O mechara kwuo na o juru ya anya mgbe ọ hụrụ ụdị onye na-eto eto maara ihe banyere okpukpe Ndị Kraịst. N'oge na-adịghị anya, Kateri rịọrọ ka e mee ya baptizim ma soro ndị Amaala ọzọ na-amụ oge oyi ahụ niile. N'ihe ngwa ngwa karịa omenala ndi Jesuit, emere ya baptism dika Catherine na Easter Day na 1676, mgbe o gbara iri abuo.

O mechara soro nwanne nwanne ya nwoke na enyi ya gbaga na njem ahụ na St. Lawrence. Mgbanwe dị mma ọ hụrụ n'etiti ndị neophytes mere ka o kwenye ịrara ndụ ya dum nye Kraịst. Ọ ga-arụ ọrụ ma jiri ụbọchị niile fọdụrụ n’ekpere. Ọ na-etinye nwanyị ahụ ugboro ugboro n'ahụ ya. Na ngwụcha izu ahụ, ọ tụgharịrị mmehie na ezughị-oke nile o meworo iji hichapụ ha na sacrament nke nchegharị. A hapụrụ ya ka ọ buru Oriri Nsọ Nsọ nke mbụ na ụbọchị ekeresimesi, ebe ndị neophytes na-echekarị ọtụtụ afọ maka ihe ùgwù a. Kateri rịọrọ onye nkwupụta ya ka ọ lụọ Jizọs, ya bụ, ịbụ onye sista. N'ubọchi nkwupụta ọ kwupụtara nkwa ya mgbe Oriri Nsọ gachara.

N’oge na-adịghị anya, ndu mmụọ ya mere ka adịghị ike anụ ahụ ya ka njọ, ọ dara ọrịa. Ọ jụrụ ngwa ngwa na Ezi Tuesday 1680, na n'echi ya n'elekere atọ nke ehihie ọ banyere nhụjuanya dị nro ma nwụọ mgbe ọ dị afọ iri abụọ na anọ. Onye nkwuputa ya kwuputara na ihu ya enwoghari na na kịtịkpa ahụ na-apụ kpam kpam (Lee C hauchetière 1696 na Cholenec 1717 maka nkọwa ndụ nke ndụ Kateri).

Na 1684, ewepụrụ ozu Kateri n'ili ebe a na-eli ozu ma webata ya na chọọchị nke Côte Sainte-Catherine. E mechara kpọga ụfọdụ n'ime ihe okike ya na Mission St. Regis na Akwesasne na 1755 ebe ọtụtụ furu efu. Nzukọ Tekakwitha nwere otu n'ime ihe onwunwe ole na ole fọdụrụnụ.

Site na ụbọchị Fada Lamberville hụrụ ọmarịcha agwa ya ma gwa ya Nna Cholenec na njem ahụ ruo na 2011, ọtụtụ rụrụ ọrụ iji gosipụta ịdị nsọ ya. E webatara ihe kpatara ya afọ 204 mgbe ọ nwụsịrị; o were afọ 127 ịga nke ọma.

Na Disemba 6, 1884, ndi bishọp America nke Nzukọ Plenary nke Atọ ha na Baltimore zigara akwụkwọ mkpesa n’aha ndi See of Albany iwebata ihe butere ya na nke ndị Jesuit nwụrụ n’ihi okwukwe ha, Isaac Jogues na René Goupil. Na 1885, agbụrụ iri abụọ na asaa sitere na Canada na United States gbasoro ma ziga akwụkwọ mkpesa. Usoro a dịtụ iche ebe ọ bụ na naanị diocese nwere ike ịrịọ maka iwebata ihe kpatara ya bụ ebe onye ahụ nwụrụ, nke na nke a bụ See nke Montreal. Fada Molinari, SJ, bụ Postulator General ya na Rome.

Agba nke mbụ nke ntinye aha ya ruru na 1943 mgbe akpọrọ ya Venerable (Positio 1938). Site na iwu mgbasa ozi ọhụụ nke John-Paul II, onye kpebiri inye ndị nsọ niile agbụrụ na agbụrụ dị iche iche napụ ha, a kụrụ ya ihe na 1980. A tụrụ anya ọrụ ebube klaasị mbụ tupu ọgbụgba ndụ ahụ aga n'ihu. Na 2006, otu mechara mee na nso Seattle n'ihi ekpere ndị a kapịrị ọnụ na Onye a gọziri agọzi Kateri na ịkpọtụrụ nwatakịrị ahụ na-arịa ọrịa na-arịa ọrịa ya.

Collegelọ akwụkwọ ndị dọkịta na-agwa ọgbakọ maka ọgbakọ nke ndị senti chọpụtara na “n’ọnọdụ sayensị ugbu a ihe ọmụma ”enweghị ọgwụgwọ ọ bụla maka ọgwụgwọ ahụ. Ndị ọkà mmụta okpukpe kwubiri na a gwọwo nwa nwoke ahụ site na ịrịọ arịrịọ n'ụzọ ọrụ ebube. Ka ọnwa nke iri na iteghete dị na mkpụrụ ụbọchị iri na abụọ n’afọ 19, Nna dị asọ nyere ikike ka e wee kwupụta iwu a maka ịmata ọrụ ebube e kwuru na ọ bụ ịrịọchitere Kateri Tekakwitha Na October 2011, 21, Pope Benedict XVI mere emume canonization ya na Rome n'ihu ọtụtụ puku ndị Katọlik North America. Kemgbe 2012, ọtụtụ ndị ọbịa na-abịa ụlọ arụsị ahụ nke a na-ahụta dịka ebe njem njem.

DOCTRINES / RITUALS

Ozizi na emume ndị a na-eme n'ụlọ nsọ ahụ na-agbaso iwu Roman Katọlik, yana ụfọdụ akara ngosipụta mmụọ. Iji maa atụ, a na-ekpe ekpere Nna Anyị nke Bi n’Eluigwe na Mohawk. Ebe ọ bụ na ụka dị n’onwe ya oge ochie, agbanwebeghi ya ka ọ nabata ọtụtụ ihe ọdịbendị ndị Ala Nwea dịka a pụrụ ịhụ n’ọgbakọ ndị na-adịbeghị anya.

A na-eme Mas na Tuesday, Wednesde na Sọnde; ọ na-esochi Mmanụ na Saint Kateri mmanụ. Emere Oriri Nsọ na Ngọzi Bido na Sọnde ikpeazụ nke ọnwa ọ bụla. A na-ekpe ekpere kwa ụbọchị n’ili nke St. Kateri n’ehihie. A na-eji senti Saint Kateri ete mmanụ na Tuesday na Wednesday ọ bụla, nakwa na Sọnde.

N'abalị iri na anọ nke Eprel, ụbọchị oriri nke Kat Kateri, emume a gụnyere ngagharị na bishọp diọces na-aga n'ili St. Nrube isi na ekele na-esochi n'ehihie.

Maka emume ncheta afọ abụọ nke mbido Kateri, ụlọ arụsị haziri ihe kandụl kandụl na Statue nke Saint Kateri Tekakwitha gburugburu onka na Ọktoba 20, 2014. Ndị gbasoro usoro ahụ bụ ihe akaebe nke onye a gwọrọ site na ekpere arịrịọ na Saint Kateri. Emechiri emume a na Nna Anyị nke Bi n’asụsụ Mohawk. Ememe ncheta kpọmkwem, Ọktoba 21, malitere na emume Oriri Nsọ; Ron Boyer kwuru "Ndụ Saint Kateri Tekakwitha." Oriri Nsọ banyere Eucharistic na Benediction sochiri. N’ehihie, e nyere Anointing na senti Saint Kateri na Onye agọziri agọzi, ụbọchị mechiri na Nna Anyị kpere ekpere na Mohawk.

Ekpere nke Saint Kateri Tekakwitha bụ ndị a (na ikike nke Ordinary of Saint-Jean-Longueuil. August, 2012):

Saint Kateri Tekakwitha, eyeneka nnyịn an̄wan ke Ọbọn̄, ke ọniọn̄, afo emekpeme nnyịn;

Mee ka ihunanya gi n’ebe Jisos na Meri kpalie n’ime anyi okwu na omume enyi, nke mgbaghara na ime-udo.

Kpee ekpere ka Chineke nye anyị obi ike, nkwuwa okwu na ume iji wulite ụwa nke ikpe ziri ezi na udo n'etiti onwe anyị na n'etiti mba niile.

Nyere anyị aka, dịka ị mere, i zute Onye Okike Chineke nọ n ’ogbu dị omimi nke okike, wee bụrụ ndị akaebe nke Ndụ.

Mụ na gị, anyị na-eto Nna, Ọkpara na Mmụọ Nsọ. Amen.

Ndị guzobere Nsọ nke Churchka na North America. Kpee ekpere maka anyị.

Ekpere nke ekele maka Kateri Tekakwitha bu ndi a (na ikike nke Ordinary of Saint-Jean-Longueuil. August, 2012):

Chineke bụ Nna anyị, onye Kateri Tekakwitha nwere mmasị ịkpọ akpọ Mmụọ Nsọ ahụ,

Anyị na-ekele gị maka inye anyị nwa agbọghọ a dịka onye nlereanya nke ndụ Ndị Kraịst.

N'agbanyeghị adịghị ike ya na nguzogide obodo ya, ọ gbara ama ọnụnọ nke Kraist.

Ya na ndị enyi ya, ya na ndị agadi na ndị ọrịa na-akpachi anya.

Kwa ụbọchị, ọ hụrụ n'ọdịdị na ngosipụta nke ebube na ịma mma nke gị.

Nyekwa ya na anyị na-arịọsi arịrịọ ike, anyị nwere ike ịdị gị nso mgbe niile, na-echebara mkpa nke ndị gbara anyị gburugburu echiche, ma na-asọpụrụ ihe okike. Mụ na ya, anyị ga-agba mbọ chọpụta ihe masịrị gị ma gbalịa imezu ya ruo ụbọchị ahụ ị ga-akpọghachi anyị na gị. Amen!

NKWUKWU

Mgbasa ozi ahụ gụnyere nku ọdịda anyanwụ; ihe ndozi; ebe nchekwa; ihe ngosi nka na sacristy; na obere ala ebe ebe a na-eli ozu aghaghi. Ejiri nkume isi awọ Montreal wue ụlọ niile. Mgbịrịgba ochie ahụ nke Eze William IV nke England nyere onyinye na-eguzo na ahịhịa aka ekpe n'akụkụ akụkụ okporo ámá. Katlọ ọrụ Kateri, nke dị n'ụlọ dị nso, na-ebipụta kwa ọnwa Kateri na-ahụ maka ọrụ niile na ebe nsọ.

Chọọchị ahụ dị ka ụlọ ụka mba ochie nke French Breton. N'ime ya bụ mmachi mara mma, yana mgbidi ya ọcha, yana ihe oyiyi na ihe osise neo-baroque na chọọchị dị na Quebec.

A na-anọchite Kateri na ihe oyiyi na isi ebe ịchụàjà nke Médard Bourgault (1941) na n'akụkụ aka nri nke chọọchị ahụ na ihe oyiyi 1981 nke Leo Arbor, tinye ya n'azụ ili ya. A na-egosipụtakwa ya na windo ugegbe tụrụ ya n’elu. Ihe oyiyi ọzọ, na-acha uhie uhie, na-achọ niche na mgbidi dị n'èzí karịa ụbọchị iwu, 1845. Her akụkụ anọ ọcha Carrara iberibe ili nwere ihe e dere: “Kaiatanoron Kateri Tekakwitha, 1656-1680”. Kaiatanoron pụtara "onye a gọziri agọzi, dị oké ọnụ ahịa na ezigbo."

Na ụzọ a na-aga ebe ngosi ihe mgbe ochie, n'aka ekpe nke ebe ịchụàjà ahụ, mmadụ na-achọta ihe ọkpụkpụ na-akpali akpali nke na-akpali ọpụrụiche nke ụmụ nwoke Mohawk dị ka ndị na-arụ ọrụ na mbara igwe na-ejikọ ebe nsọ ahụ na akụkọ ihe mere eme nke North America n'oge na-adịbeghị anya: ọ bụ oyiri nke winlọ Elu Abụọ nke Donald Angus mere ya na igwe a wụrụ awụ nke ọ wepụtara site na mkpọmkpọ ebe nke 9/11 mgbe ọ nyeere ndị ọkụ ọkụ aka ịgbake ozu. Ọ bụ akụkụ nke ndị otu Mohawk bụ ndị wuru ụlọ elu ahụ ma chọọ ka ndị a metụtara cheta n'ụlọ nsọ a (ozi nyocha nkeonwe). N’etiti ihe mgbe ochie dị iche iche, ebe ngosi ihe mgbe ochie a gosipụtara Nna nke Claude Chauchetiere S. J., onye ntụzi mmụọ ya.

Ebumnuche ahụ dị na Mohawk ma ọ bụ Kanien'kehá: ndoputa nke Kahnawake (mmadụ 8,000) nke dị na 48 km 2 n'akụkụ ọwụwa anyanwụ nke Saint Lawrence Seaway, South West nke Montreal, n'ogo nke Lachine rapids. Na St. Lawrence Seaway gafere n’akụkụ ebe nsọ ahụ.

Mgbasa ozi ahụ bụ Diocese nke Saint-Jean-Longueuil. Ndị nna Jesuit na-agba ya maka nnukwu akụkụ nke akụkọ ntolite ya. Na 1783, na-esochi mmechi nke Society (1773), ha kwụsịrị ịrụ ọrụ ya ma bụrụ ndị Oblates nke Mary Immaculate dochiri ha. Ndị Jesuit lọghachiri na 1903, ndị Sista St-Ann bịara inye aka na 1915. Na 2003, n'agbanyeghị na ha nwere mmekọrịta chiri anya na ihe kpatara Kateri, ndị Jesuit kwụsịrị ịrụ shrine n'ihi na ha enweghị ike ịrụ ya nke ọma. Fada Alvaro Salazar onye Guatemala ka a họpụtara onye ụkọchukwu parish. Na 2013, Fr. nọchiri ya. Vincent Esprit, FMI (Fils de Marie Immaculée). Ndi nchuaja bu ndi Deacon Ron Boyer (Ojibway) nyeere ndi nchu aja aka, onye mekwara dika onye osote onye isi Postulator nke Kateri n’agbata 2007 na 2011.

Ebe ọ bụ na Kateri Tekekawitha bụ onye nsọ mba abụọ, a na-echetakwa ya n'ụlọ arụsị abụọ dị na United States: Fonda, New York, ebe e mere ya baptizim, yana Shrine of Our Lady of Martyrs na Auriesville, New York.

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

A ga - ahụ St. Francis Xavier Mission dị ka obere agwaetiti Katọlik n'oké osimiri nke ndị ọdịnala ọdịnala na ndị Protestant Mohawks. Na mbido ọtụtụ iri nke mmeri, ịbụ ndị jikọrọ aka na Britain, ndị Iroquois bụ ndị ndị ozi ala ọzọ Protestant kwusara ozi ọma, na mgbe New France ghọrọ akụkụ nke Alaeze Ukwu Britain, ọtụtụ ndị Katọlik Mohawks sonyeere ọtụtụ chọọchị Protestant. A na-ahụkwa omume a n'asụsụ ha na-asụ Bekee n'agbanyeghị na ndoputa ahụ dị n'ime French na-asụ Quebec. Mgbe ha na ndị isi Quebec na ndị uwe ojii na-ese okwu, ha na-ekwu okwu na ha anaghị asụ French dị ka ihe ịrịba ama nke iguzogide (dịka o mere n'oge Nsogbu Oka na 1990 metụtara Kahnawake na Mercier Bridge nke gafere akụkụ ya). Ọbụna ma ọ bụrụ na ihe niile dị na shrine na-asụ asụsụ abụọ, ọ nwere njikọ n'akụkọ ihe mere eme na oge French nke ịchị na ọ nwere ike ịta ahụhụ site na nke a.

Ọzọkwa, na Kahnawake, dịka na ala ndị ọzọ, ọtụtụ ndị na-eme naanị usoro ọdịnala ọdịnala ha. Ogologo ụlọ ebe a na-eme emume Iroquois dị ọtụtụ na ndoputa. Ya mere, ọnụọgụ ndị na-efe ofufe oge niile na ụlọ ụka St. Francis belatara kemgbe ọtụtụ afọ (n'ezie na otu nha dịka nke dị n'ime ụka Katọlik na Quebec dum). Ugbu a, site na okpueze nke Kateri, ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị ọbịa na nke ndị na-efe ofufe na-abawanye. A gosipụtara mmelite a na ndụ nke ozi ahụ na ahụike ka mma nke ego.

Ewezuga Kahnawake na Akwesasne, ndoputa Mohawk dị nso, yana ụfọdụ parish ndị amaala gafee Canada, tupu 1990s, Kateri amachaghị na Canada karịa na US Na US, nzukọ na-arụsi ọrụ ike (Nzukọ Tekakwitha, eduzi kemgbe 1998 site n'aka nwanne nwanyị Mohawk nke Akwesasne, Nwanne nwanyị Kateri Mitchell, SSA) akwalitela ihe kpatara ya ma jikọọ ndị American Indian Katọlik ọtụtụ iri afọ.

References

Chauchetière, Claude. 1887. Vie de la Bienheureuse Catherine Tegakouïta dite à présent la saincte Iroquoise (1696). Manhattan: Cramoisy Press nke John Gilmary Shea.

Cholenec, Pierre. 1717. La vie de Catherine Tegakouïta Onye Nlekọta Vierge Iroquoise . Manuscrit conservé par les Hospitalières de Saint Augustin à Québec. Lettre publiée dans Lettres édifiantes et curieuses écrites des ọzọ étrangères. Paris.

Ọnọdụ. 1938. Romae: Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis. 1940: Universitatis Gregorianae. Shortened nsụgharị Bekee: 1940: Positio nke Ngalaba Akụkọ Ihe Mere Eme nke Ọgbakọ Dị Nsọ nke Rites na Okwu Mmalite nke Ihe Na-akpata Beatification na Canonization na Omume nke Ohu Chineke, Katharine Tekakwitha, Lily nke Mohawks. Bụ akwụkwọ mbụ e bipụtara na Vatican Polyglot Press Ugbu A Emeela Na Bekee ma Nyefee maka Mmebe Ndị Kwesịrị Ntụkwasị Obi. New York: hamlọ ọrụ University Press nke Fordham.

Rigal-Cellard. Bernadette. 2010. "Okpukpe Ndị Okpukpe America: Roman Katọlik." Pp. 2041-44 n'ime Okpukpe nke Ụwa: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices. Mpịakọta 6, nke J. Gordon Melton na Martin Baumann dere. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio.

AJỤRỤ AKWỤKWỌ NDỊ 

Greer, Allan. 2005. Mohawk Saint: Catherine Tekakwitha na ndị Jesuit. New York: Oxford University Press.

Greer, Allan na Jodi Bilinkoff, ndị okenye. 2003. Ndị nsọ nke ndị na-achị obodo: thechọta Ebe Nsọ na America. New York: Routledge.

Holmes, Paula Elizabeth. 2000.  Ihe omuma: Uzo nke Okike. Nyocha akwụkwọ PhD. Hamilton, Ontario: Mahadum MacMaster.

Ụbọchị Post:
2 December 2014

Share