Susan J. Palmer

Raelian Movement Mba

MGBE NDỊ MGBE RAELIAN NA-AGBANYE MBA

1946 Claude Vorilhon mụrụ na Ambert, France.

1973 Vorilhon nwere mmechi nke Ụdị nke atọ (OA) n'oge njem na Clermont-Ferrand ugwu nke Central France.

1974 Vorilhon kọwapụtara ahụmahụ ya na-ezute n'oge gara aga na Le book qui dit la Vérité ("Akwụkwọ nke Na-ekwu Eziokwu").

1974 Raël guzobere MADECH (Movement to Welcome the Creators of Humanity).

1975 Raël kwuru na anare ya n'ụgbọ mmiri ma buruga ya na mbara ala nke Chineke.

1976 Na nzaghachi nke mgbagha n'ime ụlọ, Raël mebiri MADECH ma guzobe Raelian Movement.

1997 Raël hiwere Clonaid ụlọ ọrụ (nke bụ Valiant Venture Ltd Corporation) iji mee ọrụ nkedo maka ndị na-etinye ego ya mgbe ha dị njikere.

1998 Raël kere iwu nke ndi mmụọ ozi nke Rael.

2001 Raël bipụtara Yes au clonage humain (Ee na Cloning mmadụ)

2002 (27 December) Brigitte Boisselier nwere ogbako ogbako na Miami nke o kwuputara na Clonaid emepụtala mmadụ efu.

2003 Raël kwuru na ọ bụ onye Buddha (Maitreya).

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

A mụrụ Claude Vorilhon na 1946 ma jiri oge ọ bụ nwata na Ambert, obere obodo French nke naanị 7,500 dị na nso Vichy.Ebe a maara nke ọma maka ugwu mgbawa ochie, na-adịghị arụ ọrụ. Ezinụlọ Vorilhon nwere ụlọ ọrụ na-emepụta ihe na Ambert ma biri n'ime obodo ruo ọtụtụ ọgbọ. Vorilhon nwetara nsogbu na-etolite dịka a mụrụ ya n'alụghị di ma nne ya hapụrụ ya na nwanne nne ya mgbe nna ya hapụrụ ya. Nna ya nwụrụ afọ ole na ole ka e mesịrị mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na ise. Mgbe nna ya nwụsịrị, Vorilhon hapụrụ ụlọ akwụkwọ ma gaa Paris wee gaa n'ihu ọrụ dịka okporo ámá na onye na-egwu egwuregwu ụlọ nke aha ya bụ Claude Cellar, mechaa mepụta ọtụtụ edekọ nke na-emeri ya n'ọkwá dị elu. Vorilhon zutere ma lụọ nwunye ya na 1971, nke mbụ n'ime alụmdi na nwunye ya atọ, wee kwaga Clermont-Ferrand. Di na nwunye ahụ nwere ụmụ abụọ, ma alụmdi na nwunye ha kwụsịrị ịgba alụkwaghịm na 1985. Vorilhon bụkwa onye na-anụ ọkụ n'obi nke nnukwu ụgbọala, na 1971, ọ kwụsịrị magazin ụgbọ oloko, Autopop, nke e bipụtara ruo 1974 ma nyekwa ya ohere ịghọ onye na-anya ụgbọ ala. Vorilhon nọgidere bụrụ onye na-anya ụgbọ ala nke na-agba ọsọ, na nkwado ego nke ndị Raelians nke Europe na ndị Japan, dị n'etiti 1994 na 2001.

Ọ bụ na 1973 ka ọrụ ime mmụọ nke Raël malitere mgbe ọ kọrọ na ya zutere Chineke ("ndị si na
elu igwe ”). Ọ kọwara mmetụta uche na Eloha aha ya bụ "Yahweh" na ugwu mgbawa na-adịghị arụ ọrụ na mpaghara ahụ, Le Puy de Lassalas, bụ onye gosipụtara onwe ya ịbụ nna nna Raël wee nye Vorilhon aha Raël. Mgbe ahụ a kpọrọ ya ka ọ banye n'ụgbọ mbara igwe maka usoro nkuzi nke Akwụkwọ Nsọ nke e ji kpughee ihe akụkọ ifo nke Creation dị n'ime Akwụkwọ Nsọ. Nzukọ ọzọ na Elohim mere na 1975 mgbe a kpọgara Raël na mbara ala ọzọ ebe ọ kọwara nzukọ ọyoụ ya na ụmụnne ya nwoke, bụ Jizọs, Muhammad na Buddha. E nyere Raël ozi nke ịgbasa ozi Elohim. N'ime iri afọ atọ sochirinụ Raël wuru The Raelian Movement, nke na-azọrọ ihe karịrị ndị òtù 50,000 n'ihe karịrị mba 80, na ọtụtụ nzukọ ndị na-eme ka ndị ọrụ Raelian na Elohim gaa n'ihu.

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

Ihe e dere na Raël na-ekwu na ụmụ mmadụ mbụ "sitere n'okpukpu nke Chineke" kụnyere mmadụ mbụ, bụ ndị guzobere laabu na mbara ala. Ha wee mepụta osisi na osisi ndụ na "Adams na Eves," bụ ndị e kere site na DNA DNA. Ndi Chineke choro Vorilhon dika onye ozi ha iji gbasaa ozi nke ezi mmadu ma nye ya aha ohuru nke "Rael." Ruo otutu afo gara aga, o kwuru na a gwara ya na Jehova choputara umuaka nke uwa ka ha ghara ime ihe obula mgbe uwa choro onye amụma na-ezo aka mmadu na ndu ziri ezi. A na - ahọrọ ndị nne maka ịdị ọcha nke usoro mkpụrụ ndụ ha ("nwa agbọghọ DNA"). A na-eme ha ka ha ghọọ UFO, na-emetụtaghị ha, ma wepụ ha n'ememe ha. "Ọrụ Raël bụ onye amụma nke" Age nke Apọkalips "(oge ahụ kemgbe mbibi nke bọmbụ nukom na Hiroshima), onye ahụ ga-ekpughe ezi mmalite na ọdịdị mmadụ. Ngosipụta a ga - eme ka ụmụ mmadu pụọ na mmetọ ọjọọ nke sayensị na teknụzụ (nke na - eyi egwu mbibi nuklia na ọdachi gburugburu ebe obibi) ka e nwee usoro mmekọrịta dị mma na ịhụnanya. Usoro ohuru a ga-eme ka Chineke laghachi na Earth, ya na ndi amuma (iri abuo na itoolu) na-adighi anwu anwu (dika Jisos, Buddha, Mohammed) tupu 2035. N'oge ahụ "ndị nna site na mbara igwe" ga-ekerịta sayensị na nkà na ụzụ ha, nke bụ "25,000 afọ tupu oge" nke aka anyị. Chineke ga-ewetara anyị nkà na ụzụ dị elu nke ga-enyere anyị aka ịga n'anwụ, dị ka ihe na-adịghị anwụ anwụ, ma mepụta ụdị ndụ ọhụrụ n'ọdịdị anyị.

Ndị Rael na-asọpụrụ ikike nke Sayensị. Raël na-ekwu na ọ tọrọ ntọala ụwa "mbụ ekweghị na Chineke, okpukpe sayensị," ya bụ, okpukpe nke a kpochapụrụ nkwenkwe ikpuchi, nkwenkwe ụgha, "ihe mgbagwoju anya" na mgbagwoju anya. Iji mezuo nke a, Rael agbapụtala ọzọ amaokwu dị na Baibul dị ka ngosipụta oge ochie nke mmezu nkà na ụzụ nke Elohim. Rael ghotara na Chineke di onye okike, nekwu na ihe di iche bu "Elohim" nke Jenesis nekwu maka ndi di iche iche, ndi n'eme ka ha nweta ndu site na biotechnology, site na iji DNA nke ha nye ihe ụmụ mmadụ. Raël jụrụ ozizi evolushọn Darwin na mgbakwasị na ntụgharị ngbanwe na nhọrọ nke okike ezughị ezu iji kọwapụta mmepe nke nkuku dị mgbagwoju anya. Ndi Raelians kwenyere na ndu nile bu ihe okike, ihe omuma nke ndi ozo di iche iche. N'ikwekọ na nkwado ndị Raelians nke echiche ụwa sayensị, òtù ahụ kwadoro mmepe nke ike nuklia, gbanwee ihe ọkụkụ na mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa nke ụmụ mmadụ.

Nkwado Raelian nke nkedo mmadu na-adi na obi uto ndi mmadu maka uzo di iche iche nke umuaka n'oru, ma na-agwa ha ihe ha na-eme banyere mmekorita. Ebe ọ bụ na Chineke mere ụmụ mmadụ ka ha nwee obi ụtọ ndụ, mmekọahụ nwoke na nwanyị nwere onwe ha ịhapụ ịlụ nwa, Raël kwadoro iji ọgwụ mgbochi ọgwụ na ime ahụ. Dị ka Raël na-ekwupụta na anyị nabatara ndị nna anyị site na Space, "onye ọ bụla nwere ikike ime ahụ ha ka ọ ma ọ bụ ọ na-ahụ ka ọ dị mma" (Vorilhon 1986: 86). Ndị na-enwe mmasị na agụụ mmekọahụ nke antinomia nwere ike iji nchịkọta ihe ndị dị ndụ dịka ndị ohu nwoke na nwanyị. Ọzọkwa, CLONAID na-enye ọrụ ya na nwoke idina nwoke di na nwunye chọrọ ụmụ.

RITUALS / PRACTICES

Emume nnabata nke ndị Raeli bụ nnyefe nke usoro mkpụrụ ndụ (ma ọ bụ “Baptizim”). Raël n'onwe ya, ma ọ bụ otu n'ime ndị nduzi Bishop ya, ga-agbanye aka ya na mmiri wee debe ya n'egedege ihu nke mbido iji nyefee mkpụrụ ndụ mkpụrụ ndụ ya na igwe ọrụ Elohim. Mgbe ahụ, a na-echekwa mkpụrụ ndụ mkpụrụ ndụ maka usoro cloning n'ọdịnihu, ma ọ bụrụ na a na-ewere onye na-achọ ihe dị ka onye kwesịrị ekwesị. Tupu ebido, ndị bidoro ga-ebu ụzọ bịanye aka na "Iwu nke Ndapụ n'ezi ofufe" na ịjụ baptism ha na chọọchị mbụ ha yana ịdebanye akwụkwọ nke ga-enye ihe onwunwe ha na mpaghara Raelian Movement ha (na Canada ugbu a ka a na-akpọ ya "Churchka Raelian." Ndị Raelians ga-abịanye aka na nkwekọrịta na onye dibịa bekee nke mere na "anya nke atọ ha" (otu obere akụkụ nke ọkpọ dị ka ihe dị mkpa maka usoro ntụrụndụ) enwere ike belata ma ha nwụọ, kpojuo ya n'ime ice ma debe ya n'ụlọ akụ. Site na usoro a, mkpụrụ ndụ mkpụrụ ndụ ọhụrụ nke onye otu ọhụrụ na-ebugharị na ekwentị site n'aka onye ndu, na-eme ka o kwe omume ịtụrụ onye otu ahụ obi mgbe ọ nwụsịrị na Planet of the Eternals .. A na-eme “baptizim” ndị a ugboro anọ n'afọ, n'oge ememme. thatbọchị emume anọ a bụ ndị a: August 6 na-eme ncheta ụbọchị ọgbụgba ogbunigwe nke Hiroshima na 1945; Disemba 13 bụ nke mbụ RaëlCEIII; Ọktoba 7 akara ugo nke Raels na njem nke mbara ala Elohim; Sunday mbụ n’ọnwa Eprel na-egosi ụbọchị e kere eke nke Chukwu nke Adam na Iv.

Raël na-ekwu na mgbe ọ na-eleta mbara ala nke Chineke, a kụziiri ya "ntụgharị uche nke anụ ahụ," usoro ịmara ọhụụ nke na-eme ka ikike ike uche na-eme ka ọganihu nke ụzọ ọhụrụ. O soro ndị na-eso ụzọ ya kpaa usoro a n'akwụkwọ 1980, La Meditation sensuelle. A gwara ndị Rael ka ha na-atụgharị uche na teepu kwa ụbọchị iji zụlite nkwurịta okwu telepathic na Chineke na ịzụlite ọnọdụ nke kwekọrọ na eluigwe na ala site n'ememe kwa ụbọchị nke "ntụgharị uche nke anụ ahụ." Omume a kpatara ọgba aghara na France n'ihi na ọ gụnyere mmega ahụ na-akpali agụụ mmekọahụ na-akpali agụụ mmekọahụ. Otú ọ dị, uru dị oké ọnụ ahịa nke ndị Rael na-etinye na mmekorita nke mmekọahụ na-egosipụta nkwenkwe ha na mkpụrụ ndụ ụbụrụ ọhụrụ ga-eme ma meziwanye ụzọ ntanetị ga-esi pụta. Ọzọkwa, inwe mmekọahụ na ọganihu zuru ezu nke ịchọ ọdịmma onwe onye na-aghọta na ọ bụ ụzọ a ga-esi mata ma ọ bụ ịdị n'otu na eluigwe na ala na nkwurịta okwu telepathic na Chineke (Raël 1980).

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

Ebumnuche nke Raelian Movement International bụ okpukpu abụọ: Iji gbasaa ozi (gbasara mmalite nke mmadụ na "nkà mmụta sayensị") ma wuo Ụlọ ọrụ Embassy dị na Jerusalem nke ga-anabata ma nabatara Chineke na ndị amụma iri atọ na itoolu na-adịghị anwụ anwụ.

E nwere ọkwa abụọ nke ndị otu na International Raelian Movement. Nke mbu, enwere ndi faili “Raelians” ndi mejuputara otutu ndi otu ha ma nwekwaa ndi ekpuchitere ndi mmadu, ndi emere baptism nwere onodu di iche na ntinye aka. Otu a gụnyere ndị nabatara Ozi ahụ mgbe ebidoro ha ma ọ bụ "eme ha baptizim," kwụrụ ụgwọ ego ha kwa afọ wee nata akwụkwọ akụkọ, Apocalypse. Otu ndị otu nọ n'ọkwa dị elu bụ “Structure”. Otu a nwere ọkwa ndị isi isii, na-agbadata site na Raël bụ "Nduzi nke Nduzi," site na Bishop Guides, Ndị Nchụso Nchụ aja, Ndị Animators, Assistant Animators, na Ndị Nkụzi na ala. Ntuziaka a na-agba mbọ mejupụtara "Nhazi" ma nyere Rael aka na ozi ya.

Ọchịkọ charismatic nke Rahel abawanyewanye n'ihe odide ya. N'akwụkwọ 1974 ya (Le book qui dit la verité) o gosipụtara onwe ya dị ka onye na-akpọtụrụ onye e nyefere ozi. N'akwụkwọ 1976 ya (Extraterrestrials kpọgara m na mbara ala ha), ọ kọrọ otú e si were ya n'ụgbọ kpakpando Chi ma na-aga na mbara ala ha, n'èzí na mbara igwe kama n'ime otu ụyọkọ kpakpando. Na 1979, Rael gosipụtara ọrụ ya na messianic n'akwụkwọ ya bụ Accueiller les extra-terrestres [Welcome Our Ancestors]. N'akwụkwọ a, o ji mmetụta ya kọwaa otú o si zute ezi nna ya, onye mba ọzọ aha ya bụ Yahweh, n'oge nleta ya na mbara ala nke Chineke. Nna ya, n'aka nke ya, mere Raël ka ya na ụmụnne ya, Jizọs, Buddha na Muhammad. Dị ka Jehova kọwara, n'akụkọ ihe mere eme, mgbe ụmụ mmadụ nọ n'ihe ize ndụ, a họọrọ nwanyị efu na-adabere na "nwa agbọghọ DNA" ya, ma na-egbu ya ruo n'èzí ya, wepụ ya ma wepụ ya na ebe nchekwa ya. Na 2003, Rael bipụtara Maitreya, bụ nke o kpugheere onye ọhụụ ọhụrụ ya dị ka Maitreya, ma ọ bụ ntinye nke Buddha. N'afọ ahụ, ọ họpụtara Brigitte Boisselier ka ọ bụrụ onye na-anọchite anya ya n'ịmata ụzọ dị irè ọ chọtaworo n'ịgbasa ozi Raelian.

A na-atụ anya ka ndị otu niile nke Raelian nye onyinye n'ụzọ iri nke ego ha maka ego maka owuwu nke Embassy, ​​yana otu ụzọ iji kwado Onye Amụma Ha Hụrụ n'Anya, mana etinyereghị iwu a. Iji nọgide na-enwe ụkpụrụ dị ọcha nke mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa, a dịghị ekwe ndị Raelians ị alcoholụ mmanya na-aba n'anya, caffeine, ị smokeụ sịga, ma ọ bụ ị drugsụ ọgwụ ntụrụndụ. A na-agba ndị òtù ume ka ha soro ọtụtụ ndị mmekọ ọ bụla nwee mmekọahụ, ebe ọ bụ na ekwenyere na obi ụtọ na-eme ka ọgụgụ isi nke onye ahụ bawanye. Ebe ọ bụ na e ji nnwere onwe ime nhọrọ kpọrọ ihe nke ukwuu, a na-akatọkarị ndina n'ike n'ike na ịba mba site na nchụpụ. Ejikwa ịhụnanya Homoerotic akpọrọ ihe, na ịnabata njikwa afọ ime, ite ime na usoro mgbanwe mmekọahụ. Akwanyeghị nkwekọrịta alụmdi na nwunye ùgwù, na ọdịbendị Raelian enweghị mmetụta dị ukwuu banyere ịbụ nne, ma ọ bụ enyi na enyi. Ndị otu ga-ahọrọ n'etiti ịzụlite ma ọ bụ nweta anwụghị anwụ nke onwe site na usoro mkpuchi. Ndị Raelians na-apụ na njem ahụ wee bụrụ ndị a ma ama, ndị si n'ezi ofufe dapụ na-ata ahụhụ site na "ịda mbà," ma ọ bụ kagbuo nnyefe ha nke mkpụrụ ndụ cellular site n'aka Raël (n'enyemaka nke Elohim). Arktụgharị anya na-achụpụ ndị nwere nkwarụ ma na-eme ka ha ghara ịnwụ anwụ site na klọọkụ. Otú ọ dị, mgbe mgbe, “nchụpụ” ahụ na-agwụ mgbe afọ asaa gasịrị, nke bụ oge ọ ga-abụ ndị Raelians kwenyere na ọ ga - eweghachi mkpụrụ ndụ nke ahụ. Mgbe ahụ, a na-enye Realian nwere nchegharị ohere iji sonye na njem ahụ. Ndị bishọp atọ nọdụrụ na "Kansụl nke Amamihe" nke na-enyocha ịjụ okwukwe na mmachi iwu ndị na-emebi iwu.

Iwu Raelians bụ ịgbazinye ohere kama ịzụta ala, ya mere ọ dịghị ụlọ ọrụ Raelian, ọ bụ ezie na njem ahụ nwere ala ala, nke mbụ na Alby France, na nke abụọ na Valcourt, Quebec, ebe a na-enwe nzukọ ọmụmụ okpomọkụ. . A na-edebe seminarị "nzigharị" ndị a na-eme n'ogige ndị dị n'ime ime obodo na mba dị iche iche. Ha na-ekwu okwu ihu ọha site n'aka Rael, ntụgharị uche nke uche, ibu ọnụ na oriri, nlele anya na ọgwụgwọ n'ihu. Ndị agha ahụ na-ekpu uwe, na-emetụta ndị Chineke, ndị na-ama ihe na mbara ala ha, ma na-etinye aha aha na ọcha togas.

Raelian Movement kere ọtụtụ ụlọ ọrụ ndị ọzọ site n'akụkọ ihe mere eme ya. N'ihe nrube isi nke ntụziaka nke Chineke, Rael kere Ụkpụrụ nke ndị mmụọ ozi nke Rael na 1998. Ndị inyom na-enye afọ ofufo na-azụ onwe ha n'onwe ha site na Rael iji mee ka Chineke na ndị amụma 49 zie ezi mgbe ha laghachiri. Naanị ndị mmụọ ozi Rael ka a ga-ekwe ka ha banye na Embassy mgbe mba ndị ọzọ na-achị ụwa, ka ha bụrụ ndị nnọchianya, imekọrịta n'etiti Chineke na ndị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị ụwa na ndị nta akụkọ. N'ikwekọ na nkwa Rael nye ụmụ nwanyị na-enwe mmekọahụ, o mekwara Rael's Girls, otu ìgwè ndị inyom na-arụ ọrụ na ụlọ ọrụ na-ahụ maka mmekọahụ ma na-egbochi imechi iwu mmekọahụ.

Ndị Raelians na-ekwu na ya kpatara amụma a bụ na "nwanyị kachasị nwanyị n'ụwa bụ naanị 10% dịka nwanyị dịka Elohim" (Palmer, 2004: 140). Na 1997, ndị Raeli mepere UFOland na Valcourt, Quebec. UFOland rụrụ ọrụ dị ka ebe ngosi nka nke akụkọ ọdịnala iji nweta ego maka ihe owuwu nke Embassy na ebe nsọ maka nkwenkwe Raelian. Thelọ ihe ngosi nka gosipụtara ụdị UFO nke fiber-fiber nke Raël kọrọ na ọ kpọgara ya na mbara ala nke Elohim, nnukwu oyiri nke usoro DNA, na obere ihe ngosi nke utlọ Ọrụ Embassy nke ndị Raelians chọrọ iwu na Jerusalem. Emechiri UFOland na ọha na eze na 2001. Raël na-akwado usoro ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke Elohim - oligarchy elitist na-adịghị ka Plato's Guardians - Geniocratie ma ọ bụ "ọchịchị nke ọgụgụ isi" (Raël 1977). N'ikwekọ na nkà ihe ọmụma a, Raël guzobere otu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na France nke usoro Elohim nke gọọmentị, nke a kpọrọ "la Géniocratie". Mgbe ya na ndị nduzi ya, bụ ndị a na-enyo enyo na France nke ịmalite neo-Nazi, cell "ndị fascist", ghọrọ ndị ndị uwe ojii wakporo nyocha, Raël kpebiri ịhapụ ọrụ ahụ.

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Ndi Raelian Movement etinyewo aka n'arụmụka site n'akụkọ ihe mere eme. Ihe nnọchianya nke Raelian Movement, nke Rael na-ekwu na mbụ ọ hụrụ na azụ nke mbara ala Chineke, bụ swastika n'ime Star nke David. Ihe omuma a na-egosi ịdị n'otu nke ebighebi na mgbe ebighi ebi ma ọ bụ ndị òtù ya na-eyi ya, ma kpatara mmegide n'ihi ọnụnọ swastika. Na 1992, Rael kwupụtara na "n'ihi nkwanye ùgwù maka ndị Nazi holocaust" bụ ihe nnọchianya nke Raelian Movement ka e ji dochie anya ụyọkọ kpakpando nke na-acha uhie uhie, bụ nke na-anọchite anya oge ịgbachi agbagọ n'oge.

Ndị Rael bụ ndị a maara nke ọma maka ọrụ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na nke ọha mmadụ. Otu n'ime ihe ndị ha na-akpata bụ ikike ụmụ nwanyị, ikike ndị nwere mmasị nwoke, mgbochi ịkpa ókè agbụrụ, nkwalite nke ihe oriri na-agbanwe agbanwe, na mmachibido iwu ule. Rael kwadoro òtù Raelian nke Mmekọahụ (ARAMIS), njikọ nke ndị ikom na ndị inyom bụ ndị na-edina ụdị onwe, transsexuals ma ọ bụ transgendered. Kemgbe 2009, ndị Raelians na-azụ ego maka "Adopt a Clitoris", nke na-elekwasị anya na esemokwu nke ibi úgwù ụmụ nwanyị. Ha na-ekwu na ha na-ewu ụlọ ọgwụ na Africa ebe otu onye dọkịta na-awa French ga-eweghachi ebe obibi ndị inyom. Ọnọdụ ndị Raelians banyere mmekọahụ na nnwale mere ka ọtụtụ akụkọ ndị na-eme ihere na Rael "na-ekwusa pedophilia" na ndị Raelia na-arụ pedophiles. Ndị Rael wee kpebie ime ka ọnọdụ ha doo anyasite na ịtọ ntọala NOPEDO, otu òtù raara onwe ya nye ịdọ aka ná ntị ọha na eze banyere ihe ize ndụ nke pedophiles, na inye ndụmọdụ maka ndị a tara ahụhụ.

N'oge na - adịghị anya mgbe e gbusịrị enyi Raël ma soro onye na - ahụ maka ọdịnala, Jean Miguères, na 1992, dere otu akwụkwọ (Le Racisme religieux financé en France par le gouvernement Socialiste) na - akatọ òtù ndị isi ojii nke France, UNADFI, nke Raël na - ekwu na - ịchụ nta "megide ụmụ obere ihe ọmụma. N'October 1992, o hiwere ntọala ndị ruuru mmadụ na Paris nke a na-akpọ FIREPHIM (Fédération Internationale des Religions na Minoritaires Philosophy). Ebumnuche FIREPHIM kwupụtara na ọ bụ ịrụ ọrụ iji chebe ikike nke ndị si na ndị okpukpe France ma ọ bụ ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị, na-akpọga ha ndị ọkàiwu na-arụ ọrụ iji kpuchido ikike ụmụ mmadụ, na ịchụso akwụkwọ akụkọ na ụlọ ọrụ TV maka nkwulu. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, FIREPHIM haziri ihe ngosi ọha na eze iji mee mkpesa "le racisme religieux."

Ebube Raelian na eze na France ma gbagoo n'ihi nrụgide site na fisc French (ngalaba ụtụ isi French). N'etiti 1977 na 1981, ndị Raelien Mouvement French enweela ọhụụ nke otu òtù. Otú ọ dị, gọọmentị nyere iwu na 1981 chọrọ ka ndị ọrụ niile na-akwụ ụtụ isi na ahịa ha, a na-enyekwa Raelian Movement French n'oge na-adịghị anya iji nweta akwụkwọ akwụkwọ Rael. Raël jụrụ ịkwụ ụgwọ, na-azọrọ na ya na-emegharị bụ ezi okpukpe, na-enweghị ike inweta ùgwù dị ka ndị dị na France. Ihe ọjụjụ Rael jụrụ n'agbanyeghị na, TVA (ụtụ a na-atụkwasị), ma ọ bụ ụtụ isi, malitere ịba ụba. Ndị bishọp France na-atụ egwu na ọ ga-okpukpu abụọ n'afọ ọ bụla ma mee ka ọ ghara imegharị. Ya mere, ha mere ihe ngwọta siri ike nke ikpofu na ịga n'okpuruala.

Esemokwu a kpọsara ọha na eze metụtara Raelian Movement bụ ihe omume "Baby Eve". Na 1997, obere oge ka Dr. Ian Wilmut kwuputara cloning na-aga nke ọma nke atụrụ a na-akpọ "Dolly," Raël guzobere ụlọ ọrụ klọọkụ a na-akpọ Valiant Venture nke na-enye ọrụ mkpuchi ("Clonaid") maka ndị na-etinye ego. Maka $ 200,000 ndị nne na nna na-eru uju, ndị na-amụghị nwa na ndị mmekọ nwoke na nwoke nwere ike itinye akwụkwọ maka ọrụ mkpuchi site na Clonaid. A na-ahụkwa ọrụ pụrụ iche maka ịchekwa DNA nke ndị a hụrụ n'anya, dị ka Clonapet, ma ọ bụ n'ihe banyere ọnwụ mberede nke ụmụaka a hụrụ n'anya, Insuraclone. Otu n'ime ndị bishọp Raelian kachasị elu, Dr. Brigitte Boisselier, ghọrọ onye nhazi, onye nduzi na onye na-ekwuchitere Clonaid. Onye bụbu onye ntụzịaka nyocha nke otu ụlọ ọrụ kemịkal French, Air Liquide, ọ "pụtara" dịka Raelian na mgbasa ozi French na-akwado nkwado mmadụ. A chụrụ ya n’ọrụ ozigbo wee kwaga na Quebec. Esemokwu mba dị iche iche dapụtara n'etiti ndị isi okpukperechi ụwa gụnyere Pope, ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị a ma ama, na ndị ọkachamara n'ihe banyere ụkpụrụ omume na ụkpụrụ echiche mmadụ na-agbaso, na agbasoro arụmụka ya na mgbasa ozi ụwa. Onye ọka iwu na Florida, Bernard Siegel, kpọrọ Thomas Kaenzig, osote onye isi ala nke Clonaid na “Jane Doe” (nne nwa ọhụrụ Eve) ịbịa n’ụlọ ikpe obodo na Jenụwarị 22, 2003. Siegel rụrụ ụka na ọ bụrụ na nwa ahụ dị, ọ ga-eme chọrọ onye nlekọta a họpụtara ahọpụta na ọrụ nlekọta ahụike sara mbara nke Clonaid enweghị ike ịnye (CNN 2003). Na Jenụwarị, 2003, Boisselier nwere mkparịta ụka ogbako na Toronto ebe ọ mara ọkwa na ndị nne na nna abanyela n'okpuru ala, mgbe ha kpebiri ichebe nwa ha site na mgbasa ozi na nyocha sayensị. Boisselier wee gaa n'ihu na-akpọsa kwa oge maka ọbịbịa nke ụmụ amachibidoro iwu na Holland, Japan, Australia na South Korea. N'oge ahụ, ndị odeakụkọ mba ụwa kpebiri na ha bụ ndị na-amaghị ama na ndị na-ezighi ezi ihere, wee bido ịjụ nzukọ ndị Raelian ma leghaara ọrụ oruuru mmadụ ọhụrụ nke Raelians (Palmer 2004: 187-94). Esemokwu gbara gburugburu Baby Eve n'agbanyeghị, ndị Raelians kwusara ozi ọma. Na Jenụwarị 19, 2003. Raël kwuru na nzukọ kwa ọnwa na Montreal, na-ekwupụta na "Agwara m ụwa dum ozi m" wee si otú a mee ka ebumnuche ya "50% zuru oke" - n'ihi mgbasa ozi mgbasa ozi mba ụwa na-eso nwa ọhụrụ Eve mara ọkwa.

Ihe ngosi nkuzi Baby Eve pụtara pụtara ihe omimi. Ihe ndị Raelian kwenyere bụ ịnakwere na ọ bụ ihe dị mma na-ekwu na e nwere ụmụ ebubo na-ezighị ezi bụ ndị ga-apụta ụbọchị ụfọdụ. Nzuzo ọzọ bu na ebumnuche nke Baby Eve kwuru na ya bu "ime ka ndi mmadu mara nke oma ka ha wee di njikere maka mkpocha mmadu mgbe o ga - eme n'ọdịnihu." Nye ndi Rael, nchikota mmadu bu onye ajuju, obuna Neitzschean, n'ihi na nke ahu bu nwoke aghọwo "chi," na ndi mmadu na-enwe "ihe omimi."

Ọnọdụ niile nke ndị Raelian Movement ka na-ese okwu. Na 1995, otu ndị omeiwu nyere mkpesa site na National Assembly nke France nke kewara Raelian Movement dị ka "òtù" (okwu French maka "òtù nzuzo"). N’afọ 1997, ndị omeiwu na-eme nchọnchọ n’ozi omebe iwu nyere akụkọ site n’aka oflọ Ndị Nnọchiteanya nke Belgium na-agakọ Mouvement Raëlien Belge dị ka “ịrọ òtù.” Glenn McGee, onye osote onye ntụzi aka na Centre for Bioethics na Mahadum Virginia, kwuru na otu akụkụ nke otu Raelian bụ okpukperechi ebe akụkụ nke ọzọ bụ websaịtị azụmahịa na-anakọta nnukwu ego n'aka ndị nwere mmasị na mmadụ. Agbanyeghị, Bureaulọ Ọrụ Na-ahụ Maka Ọchịchị onye kwuo uche ya, Ihe Ndị Ruuru Mmadụ, na Ọrụ nke Ngalaba Na-ahụ Maka Ọchịchị na United States ewepụtala International Raëlian Movement dị ka okpukpe.

References

Okwu. 2003. “A kpọrọ Clonaid Courtlọikpe US, Jenụwarị 12. Nweta site na http://articles.cnn.com/2003-01-12/justice/cloning.court_1_clonaid-thomas-kaenzig-human-clone?_s=PM:LAW na February 22, 2012.

Palmer, Susan J. 2004. Ndị ọbịa kwadoro: Rael ' UFO Okpukpe. New Brunswick, NJ: Mahadum Rutgers.

Raël. 1974. Akwụkwọ na-ekwu eziokwu. Clermont Ferrand: Les Editions nke Ozi.

Raël. La Géniocratie. 1977. La Negrerie, 24310: Brantôme: Hazie ozi.

Raël. 1979. Na-achikota ihe ndị ọzọ. Japan: Raëlian Foundation.

Raël. 1980. La Meditation Sensuelle. Vaduz: ondhụnanya Raelienne.

Raël. 1992. Le Racisme religieux financé par le gouvernement socialiste. Geneve: La fondation Raëlienne.

Raël. 2001. Ee na Cloning mmadụ. Florida: Raelian Foundation.

AJỤRỤ AKWỤKWỌ NDỊ

Aubeck, Chris. 2012. Ihe ebube na mbara igwe, New York: Penguin, 2010.

Bergier, Jacques. 1970. Les Extraterrestres na mgbakwunye na akụkọ ihe mere eme. Paris: Ngosiputa J'ai Lu.

Bourret, Jean-Claude. 1999. Ovnis 1999: Le kọntaktị? Mougerre, France: Michel Lafon.

Bourret, Jean-Claude. 1974. La Nouvelle Vague des Soucoupes na-apụ, Paris: France-Alaeze Ukwu.

Habermas, Jürgen. 1970. N'ebe Rational Corporation, trans. Jeremy J. Shapiro. Boston: Mgbama.

Hutin, Serge. 1970. Ụmụ nwoke na ụmụ anụmanụ fantastiques. Paris: Ngosiputa J'ai lu.

Palmer, Susan J. 1995. “Ndị Raelian Movement.” Na Chi nile ahuru ala, nke James R. Lewis deziri. New York: SUNY Press.

Palmer, Susan J. 2005. "Ndị Raelians: Mkparịta ụka na-arụ ụka." Pp. 381-86 na Mkparịta ụka ọhụrụ nke arụmụka, edere site n'aka James R. Lewis. New York: Oxford University Press.

Palmer, Susan J. 2000. Il Raeliani. Torino, Italy: Edel ELLEDICI.

Raël. 1975. Ndị extraterrestres mont emmené sur ha atụmatụ. Brantôme: Les Editions nke Ozi.

Rothstein, Mikhail. 2008. "Echiche Ụgha nke UFO na Nzube Global: A Analysis Analysis." Pp. 133-49 na Okpukpe ọhụrụ na Ijikọ ụwa, nke Armin Geertz na Margit Warburg dere. Aarhus, Denmark: Ụlọ Akwụkwọ Aarhus University.

Sendy, Jean. 1972. La Lune, clé de la Bible. Paris: Éditions R. Julliard.

Vallee, Jacques. 1965. Ọdịdị nke Onye Ọhụụ. Chicago: Henry Regnery.

Ụbọchị Post:
20 February 2012

 

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