Elizabeth Miller

Hillsong

 Oge HILLSONG

1954: Brian Houston mụrụ na Auckland, New Zealand.

1974: Houston gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Bible College na Auckland.

1977: Nna Houston, Frank, guzobere Christian Life Center na Sydney, Australia. Brian lụrụ Bobbie Houston na New Zealand.

1978: Brian na Bobbie Houston kwagara Sydney.

1983: Brian na Bobbie Houston kụrụ ụka dị iche, Hills Christian Life Center, site na chọọchị mbụ nke Frank Houston.

1986: Emere Nzukọ Ọgbakọ Ndị Kraịst nke mbụ.

1992: E guzobere osisi mba ụwa mbụ nke Christian Life Centre na London na Kiev.

1997: emere nzụkọ fFirst Agba (ụmụ nwanyị). Brian ghọrọ Onye isi ala mba ọhụrụ nke Mgbakọ nke Chineke (AOG) na Australia.

1999: ewepụrụ Frank Houston na chọọchị ahụ ma wepụ akwụkwọ nzere ndị ozi mgbe o kwupụtara na ọ na-emegbu nwata nwoke na-erubeghị afọ iri atọ na New Zealand. Brian weghaara okwu a na National Executive nke AOG wee bụrụ Onye ụkọchukwu pastọ n'ọnọdụ nna ya. Brian weghachitere aha ndị ụka dị ka Hillsong.

2002: Hillsong malitere ijide ọrụ na ebe a na-eme ogbako (Hillsong Convention Center) na Sydney's Baulkham Hills.

2013: Zayọn, otu ọba nke Hillsong United (ìgwè nke Hillsong Church), pụtara na bọọdụ mkpọsa mba US na nke ise.

2014: "Royal Commission - Nzaghachi nke Mmekọahụ maka Mmegbu Mmekọahụ ”mụaka" gwara Hillsong ka ọ pụta dị ka ọ na-enyocha ụzọ ụka si eme mkpesa nke mmejọ mmekọahụ megide Frank Houston.

2015: Hillsong kwesịrị ịhapụ ihe nkiri mbụ ya - Hillsong - Ka Olileanya Rise) na Septemba. Ihe nkiri a na-egosi ịrị elu ngwa ngwa nke Hillsong United.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

Brian Houston, otu onye n’ime ndị bidoro ma bụrụkwa nnukwu Onye ụkọchukwu nke ezinụlọ Hillsong nke ụka, amụrụ na Auckland, New Zealand na 1954. Frank na Hazel, ndị mụrụ ya, bụ ndị ọrụ Salvation Army na Brian Houston na-akọwa na ndị mụrụ ya hapụrụ Salvation Army isonyere ọgbakọ Pentikọstal “n’enweghị ihe ọ bụla, n’ezie, n’oge ahụ. Anyị tolitere na ihe ga-abụ ụlọ obibi Commissionlọ Ọrụ ”(Houston 2005). Nna Houston, Frank, “jupụtara na Mmụọ Nsọ” wee ghọọ onye ozi Pentikọstal na New Zealand. Houston n’onwe ya gara Collegelọ Akwụkwọ Bible dị na Auckland, na-agụsị akwụkwọ na 1974.

Houston zutere nwunye ya n'ọdịnihu, Bobbie, n'ụsọ osimiri n'oge Nzukọ Ndị Kraịst n'oge ọkọchị, ha lụrụ na 1977. Ha kwagara Sydney na 1978 isonyere Frank Houston, onye guzobere Christian Life Center ebe ahụ n'afọ gara aga. Brian, ya na Bobbie, kụrụ Hills Christian Life Center na 1983 site na chọọchị mbụ nke Frank. Chọọchị ahụ malitere na mmemme mmemme mgbede na Houston n'abalị Sọnde ma ọ nweghị ọganiihu ozugbo. Houston kọwara, sị: “Na Sọnde mbụ anyị nwere mmadụ iri asaa bịara. N'izu nke abụọ, e nwere 70, izu nke atọ, 60, yana izu nke anọ, 53. Ana m akparịkarị na anyị na-arụ ya n'oge ahụ- anyị nwere naanị izu anọ na ọkara ruo mgbe enweghị. ndị mmadụ. Ọ bụ ihe dịka oge ahụ ka anyị nwere ntinye mbụ mbụ anyị nye Kraịst. Anyị gafere ụlọ nzukọ ụlọ akwụkwọ mgbe ọnwa iri na abụọ gachara. Ìgwè mmadụ ahụ buru ibu nke na anyị na-eji okporo ụzọ dị ka ikpo okwu, na ihe gaara abụ ebe a dị ka mbara ihu ka anyị wee nwee ike itinyekwu ndị mmadụ aka ”(Houston 45).

Emere ogbako Christian Life Center nke mbụ na 1986, na, site na 1989, ewu ewu nke ụka ahụ toro ruo n'ókè nke na a kwagara ya n'ụlọ nkwakọba ihe na Baulkham Hills. Chọọchị ahụ kwagara ọzọ na 1990, oge a na Hills Center, ogige ntụrụndụ, nhazi na oghere nke bụ ịtọ ntọala maka ụlọ ụka n'ọdịnihu. Chọọchị ahụ nwere ogbako ụmụ nwanyị mbụ ya, Agba Agba, na 1997, nke Bobbie Houston duziri.

Na 1999, anapụrụ Frank Houston ikike ịbụ onye ozi ya mgbe o kwuchara na ya metọrọ nwatakịrị afọ iri atọ gara aga na New Zealand (Morton na Igbe 2014). Brian hụrụ na mwepụ nna ya na chọọchị ahụ, ya na Bobbie weghaara onye isi nke mbụ Christian Christian Center Center. Ndi Houstons weghachitere aha ndi uka a dika “Hillsong,” ka ha kwanye ugwu Hills ebe ndi uka natara nnukwu uto di egwu, ya na egwu nke mere otu uzo di mkpa na ofufe na ofufe. N'ịga n'ihu na-eto eto na ọnụ ọgụgụ, Hillsong wuru nnukwu ebe mgbakọ, Hillsong Convention Center, na Baulkham Hills. Minista Minista Australia, John Howard, mepere ebe ahụ na 2002.

Ebe Christian Life Center nwere nzukọ izizi ya n'ụlọ nke mmadụ iri anọ na ise ya, Hillsong nwere ọgbakọ nke gburugburu 20,000 na Sydney naanị. Ndị ọzọ 10,000 na-aga ọrụ ha na obodo ndị ọzọ Australia (O'Malley 2013). Na 1992, a kụrụ ụka dị iche iche na London na Kiev, e nwekwara ụlọ ụka Hillsong ugbu a na South Africa, Sweden, Denmark, Spain, United States (US), Germany, France, Russia, na Netherlands. A kọwara Hillsong taa dịka "akara kachasị ike Australia" (Hicks 2012).

DOCTRINES / RITUALS

Hillsong bụ ụka ụka Pentikọstal kwenyere na Akwụkwọ Nsọ bụ Okwu Chineke ma bụrụ "nke ziri ezi, nke nwere ikike ma daba na ndụ anyị na-adị kwa ụbọchị" ("Hillsong: Ihe Anyị Kwere" 2015). Chọọchị kwenyere n'iji onyinye ime mmụọ na baptism eme ihe, gụnyere ọgwụgwọ Chineke. Iji nata mgbaghara na “ịmụ mmadụ ọzọ” ndị mmadụ ga-echegharị, ma doo onwe ha n'okpuru uche Jizọs.

Brian Houston na-arụ ụka na e nwere ọkwa anọ nke Iso Christianityzọ Kraịst. Nke mbu bu obi uto, oge obi uto nke nchoputa na ikekwe ihe omumu nke Mo. Nke abụọ bụ “ohu na-eje ozi,” “Ndị Kraịst rutere n’ọkwa a bụ ndị tinyeworo ihe n’ịtọ ha ụtọ site n’ịgbalị ije ozi n’ Houselọ Chineke.” Thirdkpụrụ nke atọ nke Iso Christianityzọ Kraịst, dị ka Houston si kwuo, bụ “inye ihe.” Inyeghi oge dika n’elu, mana ego. Ọkwa nke anọ bụ "ịkekọrịta ibu ahụ," na - eme "ihe ọ bụla ọ ga - ewe" iji kwalite ọhụụ na ọrụ ụka. Na nke a, Houston na-arụ ụka, ndị ụkọchukwu adịghị iche na ndị nkịtị, na "ọrụ nke ozi ahụ" bụ ibu ọrụ nke ndị kwere ekwe ọ bụla (Houston 2013: 102-5).

Brian Houston maara nke ọma maka usoro "Otu esi eme ka ndụ gị dịkwuo elu", nke gụnyere Uzo esi ebi ndu di ngozi; Olee otú Mee Nnukwu Mmekọrịta; Etu esi etolite na ndu; Otu esi eme ihe ndi di nma; na Etu esi ebi ndu na ahụ ike na izu oke (Houston 2013) . E bipụtara akwụkwọ ise a ọnụ dịka Otu esi eme ka ndu gi di elu mgbe mbu edeputara oru a, Ego I choro kariri: Choputa Atụmatụ Ego Nke Chineke (1999) bu nke ndi oru nta akuko jiri tuo ya aha. N'akwụkwọ ahụ, Houston rụrụ ụka na "Chineke na-enwe obi ụtọ n'ezie mgbe anyị nwere ọganihu" n'ụzọ ego, n'ihi na "ego na-aza ihe niile" (Houston 1999: 2, 20). Na Houston, okwukwe nwere ike iduga n'ọganiihu na okwukwe onye ọ bụla na-ahụ anya ma gosipụta na ahụike na akụnụba ha. Ọ na-akọwa àgwà a banyere akụ na ụba, nke a na-akpọkarị dị ka ihe na-egosipụta "ozioma ọganihu," dị ka "ọganihu maka nzube" ma ọ bụ "ọganihu na nzube" (Houston 2008: 123). Nke a abụrụla otu isi ihe nkwusa Houston na ozi Hillsong (Houston hotara na Marriner 2009).

Houston na ndị isi ụka Hillsong ndị ọzọ nabatakwara echiche nke mmadụ na ọchịchọ. A na-elekwasị anya n'ike nke ezigbo echiche na ike ụka nwere iji nyere ndị mmadụ aka ịgbanwe ndụ ha. Houston na-akọwa, sị: “Eji m n'aka na m kpuru ìsì nke na apụghị m ịhụ na ndị mmadụ na-ata ahụhụ ma na-alụ ọgụ. Ekwenyere m na anyị kwesịrị ịnwe ma nwee ike ịnweta azịza na-eme ihe banyere ya. Abụ m onye kwere ekwe zuru oke na ikike mmadụ nwere ”(Houston 2005). Bobbie Houston na akwụkwọ 2008 ya, Aga m enwe Ihe O Nwere, na-adabere n'echiche a site n'ịrụ ụka na ndị mmadụ kwesịrị "ibili! Oge iji merie ihe ndị na-adịghị mma ”ma mezuo ihe niile ha nwere ike. O kwenyere na "otuto dị ukwuu" bụ ka mmadụ hụ ụdị ndụ gị, omume gị, na ebumnuche gị, wee chọọ otu ihe ahụ (Bobbie Houston 2008: 26). Nkwenye a na ikike nke ndị mmadụ, yana mmesi ike a na-atụkwasị anya na ọganihu na iji asụsụ ọchịchọ eme ihe ugboro ugboro, na-egosi ụzọ Hillsong si pụta n'echiche neo-liberal nke bịara kọwaa akụ na ụba Australia na ọha mmadụ n'oge oge Hillsong Church bụ guzobere.

Egwú ofufe dị oke mkpa na ihe ịga nke ọma nke Hillsong Church na mba ụwa wee hụ ka ọ ga-etoOnyenwe anyi ma wulite mmekorita chiri anya na ya (Houston 2013). Ben Fielding, otu n’ime ndị isi egwu / ihe okike Hillsong kwuru na “egwu na-egosipụta okike na ịma mma nke Chukwu; nzube ya kasịnụ bụ iweta ọmentụ ma mee ka anyị bịaruo Onye Okike anyị nso ”(Fielding 2012). Hillsong weputara teepu mbu nke egwu ofufe, Mmụọ na Eziokwu, na 1988, n'agbanyeghi na ulo uka a nwere onye ukochukwu egwu (Geoff Bullock) kamgbe 1985. Darlene Zschech dochie Bullock na 1994, ma nogide na uka uko ofufe rue 2007. Zschech nwere ike buru onye amara amara nke ndu Hillsong ma buru kwa ihe nyere aka na abawanye. ewu ewu n'egwú Hillsong, ya na Ndị Kraịst 35,000,000 gburugburu ụwa bụrụ otu n'ime egwu ndị kachasị ewu ewu, Tikuonụ Chineke, na chọọchị kwa izu (Houston 2005).

Taa, egwu Hillsong nwere njikọ chiri anya na egwu "Hillsong United," nke malitere dị ka ndị ntorobịa nke ụka wee bido rekọba egwu mbụ na 1998. Joel Houston, nwa Brian na Bobbie na-eduzi egwu a ugbu a. Hillsong na-ewepụta albums edere na ọrụ London na Sydney (Riches and Wagner 2012: 24).

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

Hillsong bụ onye otu ndi otu Christian Christian Churches (nke a na-akpọbu AOG na Australia), ngagharị nke ụka 1,100 nwere ihe karịrịNdị na-eso ụzọ 250,000 gburugburu obodo ahụ. Hillsong, dị ka ụka AOG / Australian Christian, na-anabata ndị ndu ndịozi, ma ọ bụ "onye ndu nke Chineke họpụtara ndị ozi apostolic" (Cartledge 2000). Brian Houston na-ekwu na Hillsong na-anọchite anya "netwọkụ nke jikọtara narị otu narị na ọtụtụ puku ndị ụkọchukwu… tinyere aka na ntughari ndịozi nke ndị isi" (Houston, "The Church I Now See," 2014).

Ọ bụ ezie na akọwara Brian na Bobbie Houston dị ka "ndị isi ndị pastọ" nke Hillsong, onye na-elekọta ndị ọzọ "Okenye," enwere nkwenye siri ike na ụmụ nwoke na ụmụ nwanyị na-arụ ọrụ dị iche iche na ndụ na n'ịgba ụka. Ndị nwoke na-abụkarị ndị na-eme mkpebi na ndị isi, ma Bobbie Houston na-akọwa onwe ya dị ka "onye otu" na alụmdi na nwunye ya ma na-ekwu na ya na Brian pastọ ma na-eduga ụka ọnụ (Bobbie Houston 2008). N'otu aka ahụ, Brian Houston na-ekwu, sị: “Bobbie na-arụ ọrụ n'akụkụ m. Anyị bụ ndị otu egwuregwu… Anaghị m agbaso echiche uche nke nwanyị ga-edo onwe ya n'okpuru nke a ga-akwada ya, "kamakwa kwetara na" Enwere m echiche na-achọghị mgbanwe, echiche Akwụkwọ Nsọ nke mmadụ kwesịrị ịnara ọrụ nke ndu na ndụ ya ”(Houston 2005). Esemokwu a na nghọta nke ọrụ nwoke na nwanyị na ike ike bụ akụkụ nke ihe ọkà mmụta mmekọrịta ọha na eze bụ Bernice Martin kọwara dị ka "Pentikọstal okike okike" (Martin 2001).

Hillsong International Leadership College bụ akụkụ dị mkpa nke ọhụụ ụka na ego ya na-akpata. Dị ka Hillsong si kwuo Nzukọ Ọchịchị 2013 nke Ọchịchị Australia na-enwe kwa afọ, ego ha nwetara site na College bụ $ 8,155,639 (Hillsong 2013 Annual Report: 18). Studentsmụ akwụkwọ nwere ike ịmụ Pastoral Leadership, Ofufe Music, TV & Media, Dance, Production, ma ọ bụ nwee ike ịmalite Bachelor of Theology, nke enyere na Alphacrucis College. Ndị bịaranụ na-etinye oge ụfọdụ na kọleji na-eme "Fieldwork," ebe ụmụ akwụkwọ "nwetara ohere ije ozi na ndụ ụka" ("Gịnị Na - eme Hillsong College Iche?" 2014). Hillsong College na-ejikwa nkuzi mgbede dị mkpirikpi na isiokwu dịgasị iche iche gụnyere ego, mmekọrịta, na ịzụ ụmụ ("Usoro nkuzi ndụ nke mgbede" 2015).

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Hillsong abụwo isiokwu nke mgbasa ozi na-adịghị mma. Otu onye bụbu onye otu dere akwụkwọ Ndị nọ n'Glasslọ Glass na-enyocha ahụmahụ ya na chọọchị ma na-akọwa ihe ọ chere na ọ bụ isi mmejọ nke nzukọ (Levin 2007). Tupu nke a na kemgbe ahụ, a na-enwetakwa nkatọ ugboro ugboro banyere ụka, na-abụkarị maka ego ụka, nha ya, na nkà mmụta okpukpe ya. Brian Houston na-ekwu na "ọ bụrụ na onye ọ bụla bụ ọkachamara na mmegide mgbasa ozi, ọ bụ m," na-egwu egwu na ya nwere PhD na mmekọrịta ọha na eze (Pulliam Bailey 2013).

Brian Houston na Hillsong Church na-enwetakarị mgbasa ozi na-adịghị mma na-atụle ego nke ụka. Naan i any i kwupụtara n'ụzọ doro anya na akwụkwọ ya, Ego Dị Gị Mkpa, anabataghị nke ọma. O kwuru, sị: “Ọ bụrụ na ị gwa m 'gịnị bụ ihe atọ kacha dị ebube i mere', ọ ga-abụ nke 1. Isi akwụkwọ a abụghị mgbe anyaukwu na ịchọ ọdịmma onwe onye nanị. ”(Marriner 2009). N'ajụjụ ọnụ nke 2005 na-akọwa àgwà ọha na eze a banyere Hillsong, Houston kwuru, "Chọọchị Hillsong taa nwere ụlọ ọrụ akpọrọ ihe dị nso $ 100 nde. N'oge ikpeazụ anyị na-aza ajụjụ, ngụkọta ego ha nwetara ruru nde dọla iri ise. Echere m na echiche nke ụka ịbụ nnukwu na ihe ịga nke ọma ma dị irè na-eyi ụfọdụ ndị egwu "(Houston 2005). Tanya Riches, onye tolitere na-aga Hillsong ma ugbu a bụ nwa akwụkwọ postgraduate na-amụ ụka, kwenyere na mgbasa ozi Australia "anaghị enweta Hillsong" ma hụ ya dị ka "agụụ na-agụ ego, ihe nzuzu, na-enwu enwu, na-emerụ ahụ" (Riches 2014). Otu onye nta akụkọ kọwara alụmdi na nwunye okwukwe na ego Hillsong dị ka "Toonụ Onyenwe anyị ma gafee akwụkwọ nyocha" (Beaurup 2005).

Hillsong, dị ka ụka ndị ọzọ Pentikọstal dị n'Australia, na-eche ihe ịma aka dị iche iche ihu ma a bịa n'igide ndị otu ogologo oge. Churcheslọ ụka Pentikọstal dị n'Australia enweela ọnụ ọgụgụ na-eto eto karịa ụka ndị ọzọ, ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị Australia na-akọwa dị ka Pentikọstal ejiriwo nwayọọ nwayọọ mụbaa karịa ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị Australia na afọ iri atọ gara aga. Agbanyeghị, ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị a egosighi ọnụ ọgụgụ dị elu nke "ndị ọbịa" na chọọchị Pentikọstal, bụ ndị na-anọghị na ụka ogologo oge. Site na 1991-2001, ụka ụka AOG ejidere ihe na-erughị pasent iri isii nke ndị otu ebe ọnụego njigide maka ụka ụka ndị ọzọ nke Protestant n'otu oge karịrị pasent iri asatọ (NCLS 2015).

Hillsong bụ otu n'ime nanị megach ụka iri abụọ na otu na Australia (Hughes 2013: 7). Bụ onye megach ụka nwere ike bụrụ otu n’ime ihe kpatara ya ọnụego njide na Hillsong dị obere. Nke ahụ bụ, ndị mmadụ na-achọ mmekọrịta chiri anya na onye ụkọchukwu na ọgbakọ karịa ka ọ ga-ekwe omume mgbe ị bụ otu n'ime ọtụtụ puku mmadụ na-efe ofufe na ọrụ. Karịa nke a, dị ka megachurch, Hillsong aghọwo nnukwu ụlọ ọrụ na-egbo mkpa karịa mkpa okpukpe. Ọ nabatara oge a ma na-eme ka okwukwe dị mfe site na ntanetị nke ọrụ ụka na ntanetị, ịnye nri na ihe ọ drinkụ drinkụ na ebe nchekwa ụka, ikike iji onyinye na-eji ụlọ ọrụ EFTPOS, yana ịba ụba nke usoro mgbasa ozi mmekọrịta iji hapụ ozi na ọdịnaya. Kemgbe ahụ, ọtụtụ ndị na-ekwu maka mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya katọrọ Hillsong maka iwepụta otu ụdị okpukperechi nke “dị mfe” na mmụta okpukpe ma dịkwa obosara. Fọdụ na-arụ ụka na ụka na-elekwasị anya na inye ndị na-elekọta ahụ ahụmịhe ofufe na-atọ ụtọ, karịa na nkuzi Bible (Pulliam Bailey 2013; Marr 2007). Agbanyeghị, ụfọdụ na-arụ ụka na ịbụ onye megach ụka enyerela Hillsong aka ewu ewu n'ihi na ndị mmadụ taa nwere ntụsara ahụ na nnukwu ụlọ ọrụ metụtara azụmaahịa ahịa (Connell 2005: 317).

References

Bearup, Greg. 2005. “Toonụ Onyenwe anyị ma gafee Akwụkwọ Nlele Ahụ.” Sydney Morning Herald, February 18. Nweta site na: http://www.smh.com.au/news/National/Praise-the-Lord-and-pass-the-chequebook/2005/02/18/1108609391134.html na 23 May 2013.

Ihe ngosi, David. 2000.  Mgbanwe nke Apostolic: Mweghachi nke Ndịozi na Ndị Amụma na Mgbakọ nke Chineke na Australia . Sydney: clelọ ọrụ Paraclete.

Connell, John. 2005. "Hillsong: A Megachurch na Sydney Mpaghara." Onye Australia na-ese okwu 36: 315-32.

Nkwusa, Ben. 2012. “Akụkụ nke Abụọ: Egwú ọ ga-eme ka ị bịaruo Chineke nso? Ben Fielding sịrị 'Ee.' ” Societytù Bible ”Omenala. 8 July 2012. Nweta site na: http://www.biblesociety.org.au/news/part-two-can-music-bring-you-closer-to-god-ben-fielding-says-yes#sthash.unQyRaLi.dpuf na 5 August 2015.

Hicks, Robin. 2012. "Hillsong - Australia Kasị Ike Brand." mmmmmmmmmmmm, July 26. Nweta site na: http://mumbrella.com.au/hillsong-australias-most-powerful-brand-104506 na 1 August 2012.

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Chọọchị Hillsong. 2013. "Hillsong 2013 Kwa Afọ Report." Hillsong Church weebụsaịtị. Nweta site na: http://hillsong.com/policies/2013-annual-report-australia/ na 7 August 2015.

Houston, Bobbie. 2008. Aga m enweta ihe o nwere: Otuto kachasị maka nwanyị ọ bụla na-atụ egwu ịgbanwe ụwa ya. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

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Houston, Brian. 2013. Otu esi eme ka ndu gi di elu. Castle Hill, NSW: Hillsong Music Australia.

Houston, Brian. 2008. Maka Nke A Mụrụ M: Ime ka Ọhụhụ Gị Dabere na Chineke. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

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Houston, Brian. 1999. Ego I choro kariri: Chọpụta Atụmatụ Ego Banyere Chineke Maka Ndụ Gị. Ugwu Castle: Brian Houston Ministri.

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Levin, Tanya. 2007. Ndi mmadu no na ulo iko, akuko banyere onye ndu na n’ime Hillsong. Melbourne, VIC: Black Inc.

Marr, David. 2007. "Hillsong - Chọọchị Na-enweghị Azịza." Sydney ningtụtụ Herald. 4 August 2007. Nweta site na http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2007/08/03/1185648145760.html?page=fullpage na 23 May 2012.

Onye ọwụwa, Cosima. 2009. “Kwụsị na-esote, Europe nke ụwa, ka Hillsong malitere” kwuru. Sydney ningtụtụ Herald. 25 May 2009. Nweta site na: http://www.smh.com.au/national/next-stop-secular-europe-says-hillsong-founder-20090524-bjj1.html na 28 March 2012.

Martin, Bernice. 2001. “Pentikọstal Gender Paradox: Cadọ Aka ná Ntị Maka Sociology nke Okpukpe.” Pp. 52-66 n'ime Blackwell Companion na Sociology nke Okpukpe, nke Richard K. Fenn dere. Malden, MA: Akwụkwọ Blackwell.

Morton, Rick na Dan Igbe. 2014. "Onye isi ndụmọdụ na-akpọ oku ka Hillsong guzobere ndị uwe ojii." Onye Australia, Disemba 20. Nweta site na: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/in-depth/senior-counsel-calls-for-hillsong-founder-to-be-referred-to-police/story-fngburq5-1227162370779 na 23 December 2014.

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O'Malley, Nick. 2013. "Nrị elu na ịrị elu nke Hillsong." Sydney Morning Herald, September 8. Nweta site na http://www.smh.com.au/national/the-rise-and-rise-of-hillsong-20130907-2tbzx.html na 21 February 2014.

Pulliam Bailey, Sarah. 2013. "Australiaka Hillsong nke Australia nwere oke mmetụta zuru ụwa ọnụ." Huffington Post, Mee 11. Nweta site na: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/05/australia-hillsong-church-influence_n_4214660.html na 24 December 2014.

Akụ, Tanya. 2014. "Ihe kpatara Media anaghị enweta Hillsong: Ntughari uche nke Pentikọstal nke Australia." Broadcastlọ Ọrụ Mgbasa Ozi Australia. Jenụwarị 8. Nweta site na http://www.abc.net.au/religion/articles/2014/01/07/3921786.htm na 23 December 2014.

Akụ, Tanya na Tom Wagner. 2012. "Mbido nke Hillsong Music: Site na Ọgbakọ Pentikọst nke Australia na Global Brand." Akwụkwọ akụkọ nke Australian Journal of Communication 39: 17-36.

Ụbọchị Post:
9 August 2015

 

 

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