Erica Baffelli

Hikari No Wa (ik か り の 輪)

HIKARI NO WA TIMELINE

1962 (Disemba 17): Jōyū Fumihiro mụrụ na Kurume, mpaghara Fukuoka, Japan.

1978: Jōyū Fumihiro banyere na Mahadum Waseda.

1987: Jōyū Fumihiro hapụrụ ọrụ ya na National Space Development Agency wee sonye Aum Shinrikyō.

1993: Jōyū zigara Russia ka ọ bụrụ onye nnọchianya nke ngalaba Russia nke Aum Shinrikyō.

1995 (March 20): Mwakpo sarin na ụzọ ụgbọ oloko Tokyo gburu mmadụ iri na atọ ma merụọ puku kwuru puku.

1995 (March 22 n'ihu): A na-eduzi nyocha ndị uwe ojii nke Aum, ndị isi, gụnyere Asahara, jidere.

1995 (October): A kagburu ọnọdụ Aum dị ka nzukọ okpukpe.

1995 (October): E jidere Jōyū Fumihiro na ebubo ụgha na ụgha na ụgha; a tụrụ ya mkpọrọ afọ atọ.

1996 (Eprel 24): Ikpe Asahara malitere.

1999 (Disemba): Jōyū Fumihiro wepụtara n'ụlọ mkpọrọ wee laghachi Aum Shinriky ō.

1999: Iwu ohuru abuo, Iwu ugwo ndi ojooHigaisha kyūsaihō) na Iwu Njikwa Nhazi (dantai kiseihụ) ẹkenam iji tinye Aum Shinriky ō n'okpuru nlezianya nlebara anya.

2000 (February): Aum Shinrikyō gbanwere aha ya na Aleph.

2002 (Jenụwarị): Jōyū Fumihiro ghọrọ onye nnọchi anya Aleph.

2004: A mara Asahara ikpe ọnwụ maka igbu ọchụ na izu izu igbu ọchụ.

2004: Otu pere mpe nke Jōyū Fumihiro duziri malitere na Aleph.

2007 (Machị): Jōyū Fumihiro hapụrụ Aleph.

2007 (May): Jōyū Fumihiro na ndị na-akwado ya hibere Hikari no Wa.

2010: Hikari no Wa malitere nzukọ na-anọghị n'ịntanetị (gbanyụọ).

2011: (November): Thelọikpe Kasị Elu jụrụ arịrịọ Endō Seiichi megide ikpe ọnwụ ya na-eweta njedebe ọtụtụ ikpe metụtara Aum nke na-aga kemgbe 1995. Egburu mmadụ 189 na iri na atọ mara ikpe ọnwụ.

2011 (Disemba 17): Kọmitii Nyochaa nke Hikari no Wa Outsider (Hikari no Wa gaibu kansa iinkai) e guzobere.

2011 (Disemba 31): Onye otu Aum Hirata Makoto nyefere onwe ya mgbe ọ na-agba ọsọ ruo afọ iri na isii.

2012 (June 3): E jidere Naoko Kikuchi mgbe afọ iri na asaa gachara.

2012 (June 15): Ndị uwe ojii jidere onye gbara ọsọ Aum ikpeazụ, Katsuya Takahashi.

2014 (Jenụwarị 16): Ikpe Hirata Makoto meghere.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

A mụrụ Jōyū Fumihiro na Disemba 17, 1962 n'obodo Kurume na Fukuoka Prefecture na agwaetiti ndịda nke Kyushu. Nna ya bụ onye na-arụrụ ụlọ akụ na nne ya onye bụbu onye nkuzi. Ezinụlọ ya mechara kwaga Tokyo, na mgbe nne na nna ya kewara, ọ nọduru nne-ya. Jōyū gara ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị Waseda nkeonwe na mgbe ahụ na Mahadum Waseda a ma ama na Tokyo, bụ ebe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na ngalaba sayensị na teknụzụ. N’afọ 1987, ọ nwetara nzere masters site na Mahadum Waseda University of Science and Engineering. N’April, 1987, ọ malitere ịrụ ọrụ maka National Space Development Agency dị ka onye sayensị.

Jōyū bu ụzọ banye otu Aum Shinsen no Kai (emesịa Aum Shinrikyō) n'oge okpomọkụ nke 1986 mgbe ọ dị afọ iri abụọ na atọ (Reader 2000). Dika akuko akwukwo ya (Jōyū 2012), ndi otu a dọtara ya n'ihi mmasi ya na ihe omuma ndi ozo, ikike ndi ozo, na omume yoga. Ọ bụ onye na-anụ ọkụ n'obi na-agụ akwụkwọ akụkọ na "ihe karịrị ike mmadụ" nke nwetara ụfọdụ ewu na Japan site na 1970s gaa n'ihu, ọ nwere mmasị na yoga na Zen Buddhist n'oge ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị.

Dị ka akụkọ ya si kwuo, ọ gụrụ otu isiokwu banyere onye guzobere Aum, Asahara Shōkō, na magazin a na-etinye aka na isiokwu metụtara "ụwa ime mmụọ" (sequel sekai). O kpebiri ịga ụlọ ọrụ ọzụzụ ya na Shibuya (Tokyo) na, na nke ọzọ, ịmalite ịmalite yoga. Ozizi Aum n'oge ahụ lekwasịrị anya inweta ikike karịrị nke mmadụ, dị ka ike ịtọpụ ma ọ bụ nweta nghọta, site na yoga na iku ume na uche.

N’oge na-adịghị anya ọ banyere n’òtù ahụ, a gbara ya ume ịga nzukọ ọmụmụ ihe. N'ebe a na-enye ọzụzụ Aum ka enyere ụdị seminarị abụọ, nke na-elekwasị anya na nkuzi nke “ntọhapụ” (gedatsu) na nke ọzọ banyere ike karịrị nke mmadụ. N'agbanyeghị mmasị nke abụọ a, o kpebiri, na-agbaso ndụmọdụ ndị otu ọzọ, isonye na seminar ahụ na “nnwere onwe”. Onye nkuzi ọbịa si India gara nzukọ ọmụmụ ihe ahụ ma gwa Jōyū ka ọ rụọ ọrụ dị ka onye ntụgharị okwu, n'ihi ike ya ịsụ Bekee. Nke a, ọ kwenyere, pụtara na ọ natara ọgwụgwọ pụrụ iche site na Asahara site na mbido (Jōyū 2012: 35). Ka oge na-aga, Jōyū malitere ịmụ yoga na ịga seminarị siri ike wee kwaga na mpaghara Setagaya dị na Tokyo iji nọrọ nso na ebe ọzụzụ ahụ.

Na Mee, 1987, o kpebiri ịghọ onye na-agbazigharị (shukkesha) ma soro ndị otu Aum na-ebi ndụ ọnụ, n'ihi nke a, ọ kwụsịrị ọrụ ya na National Space Development Agency. Na July, 1987, ọ na-etinye aka na ọzụzụ ọzụzụ agụmakwụkwọ siri ike ruo ọnwa atọ nke, dị ka akaụntụ nke aka ya si dị, ọ nwere ọtụtụ ahụmịhe omimi (Jōy 2012 38: 39-XNUMX). Mgbe ọzụzụ ahụ gasịrị, ọ natara aha dị nsọ nke Maitreya wee bụrụ otu n'ime ndị na-eso ụzọ kachasị ama ama nke Asahara. Aum Shinrikyō dabere na usoro nhazi siri ike, gụnyere ọkwa iri maka shukkesha na, n'okpuru ha, ndị nkịtị nkịtị (Reader 2000: 86). N'elu ndị isi ọchịchị Asahara n'onwe ya onye akpọrọ "onye nwere onwe ya kpamkpam" (saishū gedatsusha) (Reader 2000: 10), dị ka "guru" na "onye nkụzi na-asọpụrụ" (sonhi). Ọkwa nke abụọ gụnyere naanị mmadụ ise nwere aha “onye nkụzi dị nsọ:seitaishi): Ishii Hisako, Tomoko (nwunye Asahara), Achari (nwa nwanyị nke atọ nke Asahara), Murai Hideo na Jōyū.

N'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ nke 1987 Jōyū zigara United States imeghe alaka ọhụrụ nke Aum na New York, na mgbe ahụ, na mgbụsị akwụkwọ nke 1993, Asahara zigara Jōyū Russia dị ka onye nnọchi anya Aum n'ebe ahụ. Jōyū alaghachighị na Japan ruo mgbe sarin gas wakporo na Machị, 1995, mgbe ọ ghọrọ ọnụ na-ekwuchitere Aum. Na Ọktọba, 1995, e jidere Jōyū na ebubo ụgha na ụgha na-ezighị ezi n'ihe metụtara aesemokwu ala na esemokwu na 1990 na Namino na agwaetiti ndịda Japan nke Kyushu. Ọ tọhapụrụ n'ụlọ mkpọrọ na December, 1999. Na Jenụwarị 18, 2000, Jōyū Fumihiro na Muraoka Tatsuko kwupụtara na nzukọ a kpọrọ "Aleph" ga-anọchi Aum na J andyū na Muraoka ga-anọchi anya ya. Ha kwupụtakwara mgbanwe na nkuzi ahụ ma kwusi ike na ha ga-ejigide omume yoga na ntụgharị uche mana ha ga-akwụsị nkuzi ndị e lere anya dị "egwu" (Jōyū nd).

Na 2004, otu pere mpe nke Jōyū duziri malitere itolite n'ime Aleph. A na-akpọ otu ahụ "daihyōha" (n'ụzọ nkịtị, otu ndị nnọchianya, daihyō , onye nnọchi anya / onye nnọchi anya, aha ndị otu ji akpọ Jōyū). Ngalaba nke ọzọ kpọrọ onwe ya "seitōha" (otu iwu ziri ezi, Jōyū 2012: 209). Ruo oge ụfọdụ òtù abụọ ahụ kere otu ụlọ ọrụ ma hazie nzukọ ọmụmụ ihe dị iche iche na ọrụ ndị ọzọ. Na Machị, 2007, Jōyū na ndị otu narị abụọ hapụrụ Aleph wee hiwe ọgbakọ okpukpe ọhụrụ akpọrọ Hikari no Wa (n'ụzọ nkịtị, "Circle of Light," nke pụtara "The Circle of Rainbow Light").

A họọrọ aha Hikari no Wa, dị ka weebụsaịtị nke otu ahụ, maka ọtụtụ ihe kpatara ya:

• Na akụkọ nke otu, mkpebi ịhapụ Aleph na ịchọta otu ọhụụ jikọtara na nkọwa nke usoro "ihe ịrịba ama" (nke kachasị jikọọ na ọhụụ nke egwurugwu) nke ndị otu nwere na ebe dị nsọ na nke okike gburugburu Japan. Karịsịa, a kọrọ na Jōyū ahụla gburugburu egwurugwu na-agba anyanwụ gburugburu (anyanwụ halo) mgbe ọ nwesịrị ahụmahụ ọhụụ banyere ìgwè ọhụrụ ahụ;
• wheelgbagharị ahụ gosipụtara echiche nke nha anya n'etiti mmadụ niile (nke bụ otu n'ime isi nkuzi nke Hikari no Wa);
• 'Wa' na-anọchi anya "mmụọ ndị Japan," na-ekwupụta ọhụụ ọhụrụ Hikari no Wa na ọdịnala na ọdịnala ndị Japan;
• wheelgbagharị ahụ dị ka ihe nnọchianya dị nsọ na-adịkarị n'ọtụtụ okpukpe gburugburu ụwa, na-egosi na Hikari no Wa na-ahụ onwe ya dị ka hà nhata, kama ịdị elu karịa ọdịnala ndị ọzọ.
• Ìhè ahụ apụtaghị naanị ìhè nkịtị, mana ọ bụkwa ìhè nke amamihe, ìhè ime mmụọ ("Ozi" nd).

Ihe nnọchianya ahụ na-anọchite anya egwurugwu na-acha anyanwụ, wheel Dharma na-anọchi anya Buddha na nkuzi ya. Ndabere na-anọchite anya igwe na-acha anụnụ anụnụ nke na-enwupụ ọkụ site na etiti Dharma Wheel.

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

Weebụsaịtị nke Hikari no Wa na akwụkwọ ebipụtara gosipụtara otu a ọ bụghị dịka okpukperechi, kama dịka “ebe mmụta maka amamihe ime mmụọ ọhụrụ” (atarashii seishintekina chie no manabi no ba de aru), “ebe a na-anọ amụ okpukpe,” na “ụlọ akwụkwọ na-akụzi ihe ime mmụọ.” Dabere na akwụkwọ ọgụgụ ekesara ndị sonyere na nzukọ ọmụmụ oge ezumike nke Hikari no Wa na August, 2010 (Hikari no Wa 2010), ejirila ọtụtụ narị afọ mara okpukpe na narị afọ nke iri abụọ, gụnyere nkwenye kpuru ìsì, ịnụ ọkụ n'obi, na esemokwu n'etiti ọha mmadụ na n'etiti otu okpukpe. . Hikari no Wa na-atụpụta "mgbanwe nke okpukpe maka narị afọ nke 21" (21seki no tame no shūkyō no kakushin) nke a ga-arụzu site n'ụzọ atọ: ịjụ nkwenye ndị isi (mōshin wo koeru) (Hikari no Wa 2010: 37); Imeri nke abụọ na ọgụ dị n'etiti ezi ihe na ihe ọjọọ (zenaku nigenron to tụsọ wo koeru) (Hikari no Wa 2010: 39); na n'ikpeazụ, imeri ihe mgbochi dị n'etiti obodo okpukpe na ọha mmadụ (kyōdan to shakai no kabe wo koeru) (Hikari no Wa 2010: 41; Baffelli 2012: 37). N’oge na-adịbeghị anya, otu a amalitela igosipụta onwe ya dị ka “nkà ihe ọmụma okpukpe” ( Nwachukwu tetsugaku , Hikari no Wa 2013). Hikari no Wa na-ekwu na nkuzi ha na-ewebata echiche ọhụrụ nke okwukwe na chi nakwa na ọ dịghị mkpa ikwere na otu okwukwe ma ọ bụ chi ọ bụla iji zọpụta.

Ndị otu, a na-azọrọ, ekwenyeghị na ọbụbụenyi ma ọ bụ na onye ndu zuru oke. Kama nke ahụ, a na-elekwasị anya n'ịzụlite "mmụọ nsọ" (shinseina ishiki) n'ime onye ọ bụla na karịsịa "ịhụnanya nke otu nde mmadụ na ihe," ọmịiko na obiọma. Chineke n'onwe ya ka a na-ahụta dị ka ihe nnọchianya nke onye ahụ "dị nsọ nsụhọ." Ndị pụrụ iche, dịka Buddha, Jesus na Mohammed, bụ akara ngosi nke chi. Akara nwere ike ịdị iche, mana nghọta dị nsọ pụrụ iche ma na-adịgide adịgide. Ya mere, echiche nke "guru" ma ọ bụ onye ndu zuru oke, jụrụ, udo na ịha nhata n'etiti okpukpe na-akwado. Site n'ịzụlite "ihe dị nsọ" n'ime mmadụ ọ bụla, otu ahụ na-emesi ike n'echiche na mmadụ niile hà nhata nakwa na ndị otu anaghị ahụ oke mmụọ karịa ndị na-abụghị ndị otu ("Basic Principles" nd)

Dabere na akwụkwọ ọgụgụ 2010, otu a ga - ugbu a tinye ọtụtụ "akara nsọ" na omume sitere na ọdịnala okpukpe dị iche iche. Ọ bụ ezie na nzukọ ọhụrụ ahụ ga-enwe, ma ọ dịkarịa ala na mbido, "ekpomeekpo Buddha," nke siri ike ịgụnye nkuzi na omume sitere na ọdịnala okpukpe ndị Japan ndị ọzọ, gụnyere Shintō. Karịsịa, otu a na-ekwusi ike na ihe ha na-ekwu banyere Buddha agaghị ejedebe na Buddha Shakyamuni akụkọ ihe mere eme, kama ọ ga-agụnye akụkụ ndị ọzọ metụtara ọdịnala Buddhist Japanese na njikọ ya na Shinto na "okpukpe nkịtị." N'ime afọ asaa gara aga, nkuzi Hikari no Wa ji nwayọọ nwayọọ gbanwee gụnyere gụnyere ihe ndị ọzọ sitere na Buddha Buddha (ọkachasị nkọwa banyere Shōtoku Taishi, narị afọ nke isii na nke asaa nke akụkọ akụkọ bụ onye a kọwara dị ka onye rụrụ ọrụ dị ukwuu n'ịkwalite Buddha na Japan) na ibelata aka e zoro aka na Buddha Tibet. N'ihe na-enweghị atụ, ihe oyiyi nke Buddha na Bodhisattvas (nke metụtara ọdịnala esoteric) ka ejiri nwayọọ nwayọọ dochie anya ihe osise nke ọdịdị ala na saịtị dị nsọ nke Japan (ma ụlọ arụsị Buddha na Shinto). N'otu oge ahụ, Hikari no Wa ajụwo ụfọdụ ozizi ndị bụ isi nke ozizi na omume Aum, dịka oke ịkpa aghara, echiche bụ na mmadụ nwere ike inweta ikike karịrị nke mmadụ site na omume yoga, nkwenkwe na njedebe nke ụwa na amụma, na nkwenkwe. (Na nkuzi nke Aum Shinriky and na nkuzi izi ezi nke ime ihe ike lee Reader 2000 na Reader 2013).

RITUALS / PRACTICES

Hikari no Wa na-ewebata usoro ọhụụ iji gbanahụ Aum Shinrikyō, ma na-ejigide akụkụnke nkuzi na omume Aum nke na-amasị ndị otu. E nwere ike kee ọrụ na omume Hikari no Wa n'ime ụzọ atọ. Nke mbu, enwere oru nkuzi emere na dōjō. A na-eji usoro ọzụzụ dị iche iche, dị ka yoga, qigong, usoro ọgwụgwọ, ntụgharị uche Buddha, na omume Buddhist Esoteric. A na-eji ọtụtụ ihe na usoro eme ihe n'oge ntụgharị uche (dịka egwu na ụda, ihe nsure ọkụ na-esi ísì ụtọ, ihe oyiyi Buddha, akpụrụ akpụ Buddha, ngwa ọdịnala, mmiri "dị nsọ" site na ebe dị nsọ (gojinzui, seizui), ịgụ kpakpando). Ndị nweere onwe ha ịhọrọ nke ọ bụla n'ime omume ndị a, mana ha na-akụda mmụọ itinye aka na oke ịkpa aghara. A na-enyekwa ngalaba ndụmọdụ na Jōyū na ndị nnọchi anya ndị ọzọ na ebe a.

Ọzọkwa, okwu ihu ọha nke Jōyū (ọzọ) a na-eme ihe dị ka ọnwa ọ bụla, na-enwe nzukọ ọmụmụ ihe kpụ ọkụ n'ọnụ ugboro atọ n'afọ (na Mee, August na na njedebe nke afọ). Na 2012, otu usoro ọgwụgwọ Japanese a maara nke ọma nke ntụgharị uche onwe onye a na-akpọ introspection (naikan) ewebata. Fọdụ ndị otu sonyere na nsụgharị siri ike nke naikan nke a na-eme n'ime otu izu. Agbanyeghị, na Hikari no Wa a na-eme ya dị ka ihe omume otu ụbọchị mgbe a na-ekewa ndị otu obere obere ụlọ nke kewara n'ime ngalaba ndị akpọrọ, ha na-eduzi ha (site n'aka onye ọkachamara na-abụghị onye otu) site na ọkwa dị iche iche nke ndụ ha . A na-akpọ ndị otu ka ha tụgharịa uche n’ihe ha natara n’aka ndị ọzọ, ihe ha nyere, na nsogbu ndị ha buterela ezinụlọ ha na ndị ọzọ. Ebumnuche bụ ịmụ otu esi emeso ihe mgbu na-egbu mgbu n'oge gara aga ma kọwaa ya dị ka usoro mmụta site na ahụmịhe na-adịghị mma nwere ike bụrụ nke dị mma maka ọdịnihu.

Na mbu ịkpọ egwu sutras n'oge emume na emume dabere na otu Sanskrit sutras nke Aum ji. Ha ejirila nke ọhụrụ dochie anya sutra ọhụrụ na Japanese, sanbutsu shingyō , nke Jōyū dere, nke na-eji d Sutra ama ama dị ka ihe atụ. A na-ewere sutra ahụ dị ka ihe ederede maka omume Hikari no Wa ma gụọ dị ka ndị a:

Banbutsu onkei, banbutsu kansha 万物 恩 恵 、 万物 感謝

Banbutsu hotoke, banbutsu sonchō 仏 、 万物 尊重

Banbutsu ittai, Banbutsu aisu 万物 一体 、 万物 愛 す

Nke ahụ, ịgbaso nkọwa e nyere na ederede na weebụsaịtị Hikari no Wa, enwere ike ịtụgharị dị ka:

Hụ ihe niile dịka ihe a gọziri agọzi, nwee ekele maka ihe niile.

Hụ ihe niile dịka Buddha, nwee ekele nye ihe niile.

Hụ ihe niile dịka otu, hụ ihe niile n'anya ("Akwụkwọ na nkuzi" nd).

CD, DVD, ederede ederede, Buddhist na ngwa ọgwụgwọ ya dịkwa maka ire ere na ebe nrụọrụ na ntanetị.

A na-ahazi ọrụ ndị ọzọ na mpụga akụrụngwa ma tinye usoro okwu Jōyū na nzukọ na ebe ọha na eze (a na-ahazi ụfọdụ nzukọ ndị ahụ na andntanetị wee kpọọ apụ kai, nzukọ na-anọghị n'ịntanetị). Ndị otu a na-ahazikwa njem uka oge niile na ebe dị nsọ gburugburu Japan.

N'ozuzu, onyinyo ndị otu a na-achọ iwu bụ maka ọchịchọ nkewapụ ya na Aum. Hikari no Wa na-akwalite onwe ya dị ka nke mepere emepe, ọ chọghị ka ọ bụrụ onye otu, yana eme ihe niile na mmemme niile kọwara nke ọma na weebụsaịtị yana na ịkparịta ụka n'socialntanet. Ọzọkwa e hiwere ọrụ ndụmọdụ iji gbaa ndị otu Aleph ume ka ha hapụ otu ahụ (ma nwee ike, mana ọ bụchaghị, sonyere Hikari no Wa).

Omume ohuru na-ebute mgbe nile, ebe a na-akwụsị ma ọ bụ gbanwee ihe ndị gara aga. N'ime usoro ịhapụ onwe ya na Aum, ọtụtụ omume dị mkpa ka a tụleghachi ma ọ bụ gbahapụ, mana, n'otu oge ahụ, Hikari no Wa na-anwa ịchọta njirimara ọhụrụ na nke mbụ.

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

Na 2012, Hikari no Wa kwupụtara na otu ahụ nwere mmadụ iri abụọ na asaa "ndị ọrụ" na-adịgide adịgide na-ebi na akụrụngwa otu (Jōyū
2012: 250). Ọnụ ọgụgụ ahụ agbadaala ugbu a. Na Jenụwarị, 2014, ndị otu a na-azọrọ na ọ bụ naanị mmadụ asatọ na-ahụ maka ebe ndị a, ya mere Hikari no Wa nwere naanị ndị ọrụ iri oge niile. Ojiji nke okwu renunciant (shukke) iji gosipụta ndị otu ibi ndụ obodo (na nke Aum jibu na-arụbu ọrụ) akwụsịla iji kwado ndị ọrụ oge niile na-anọpụ iche (senjū sutaffu). Otu a ehiwekwala ngalaba na-ahụ maka mmekọrịta ọha na eze (jịọbu) nke metụtara okwu metụtara arịrịọ sitere na mgbasa ozi, mmekọrịta na mpaghara obodo na kọntaktị na ndị ọkà mmụta. N'ikpeazụ, ndị ọrụ oge niile na-ahụ maka ọrụ ndụmọdụ ahụ iji mee ka ndị otu Aleph hapụ ìgwè ahụ.

Ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị òtù e mere atụmatụ belatara site na 180 (Jōyū 2012: 250) ruo ndị otu 150 ("Maka ndị mbido" nd). Enwere usoro ndị otu, mana ọtụtụ ọrụ na nzukọ na-emeghe ndị na-abụghị ndị otu. Ọtụtụ mgbe, ọnụ ọgụgụ dị ịrịba ama nke ndị na-esonye na njem ala nsọ na ọrụ ndị ọzọ (ọkachasị okwu Jōyō na ebe a) abụghị ndị otu. Ndị sonyere na gbanyụọ-kai, nke ahụ bụ nzukọ na-anọghị n'ịntanetị a na-ahazi n'ụlọ nzukọ ọha na eze iji nye ndị nwere mmasị na Jōyū ndị kpọtụrụ ya na tontanetị ka ha zute ya wee jụọ ya na ndị otu Hikari no Wa ndị ọzọ, bụ ndị kachasị na-abụghị ndị otu

Isi ụlọ ọrụ Hikari no Wa dị na Tokyo ma ugbu a, a na-akpọ ebe asaa a na-akpọ klaasị (kōshitsu) eguzobewo gburugburu obodo (Nagoya, Osaka, Fukuoka, Nagano, Chiba, Yokohama na Sendai). Ọzọkwa, a na-enwe ọmụmụ ihe na Sapporo na Okayama. Imirikiti ogige ndị a pere mpe, naanị ha nwere ọnụ ụlọ ole na ole n'ụlọ ndị a gbazitere agbazinye. Ọ na-abụkarị otu onye ma ọ bụ mmadụ abụọ na-arụ ọrụ zuru oke na-elekọta ebe ahụ na ọrụ ha. Na nzukọ ọ bụla, ikwusa ozi ọma (ọzọ) Jōyū na-eme kwa mgbe (karịa ma ọ bụ obere kwa ọnwa), na mgbakwunye na oge ọmụmụ banyere Mahayana Buddha, yoga, omume qigong, na ọrụ ndụmọdụ. Alaka ọ bụla na-enye ndị ọbịa “nnwale efu”. Onye nwere ike izute ndị nnọchi anya mpaghara (ndị na-ahụ maka ngalaba) wee nwalee omume Hikari no Wa dị iche iche, gụnyere yoga na qigong. E nwekwara ụlọ akwụkwọ dị n'ịntanetị, nke a na-akpọ Net Dojō (net Gbaa mbọ) iji nye ohere ka ịmụ ihe na ntanetị ma ọ gụnyere vidiyo nke okwu nkuzi na ngwa mmụta ndị ọzọ (“Net-Dojo” nd). Emeghela ụlọ ahịa Net na-ere CD na DVD ndị otu a na-emepụta na ihe maka emume Buddhist ("Hikari no Wa Net Shop" nd).

Jōyū Fumihiro egosiri dị ka onye nnọchi anya (daihyō) nke otu, na weebụsaịtị kwuru n'ụzọ doro anya na ọ bụ ezie na ọ bụ onye ndu na onye nkuzi maka ndị otu, a naghị ele ya anya dịka onye ndu zuru oke yana na a hụrụ ya dị ka mmadụ na-ezughị okè (Overview nd). Jōyū kwusiri echiche a banyere onye ndu dị ka dabere na ahụmịhe na nduzi mana ọ bụchaghị na charisma site na mmalite nke otu ọhụrụ ahụ. Ebumnuche bụ isi bụ ikwusi ike na onye ọhụụ ọhụụ ekwesịghị ịhụ dị ka Asahara ọhụrụ yana na onye ndu ndị otu na-enwe nnukwu nsogbu na Aum agaghị emegharị ya na Hikari no Wa. N'agbanyeghị agbanyeghị ebumnuche a, agbanyeghị, onye ndu Jūyū kwesiri ka ọ bụrụ onye ziri ezi site na ọrụ ọ gara na Aum. Ọ bụ ọnọdụ ya dị elu nke seitaishi enweta na Aum nke mere ka ọ bụrụ onye ndu maka otu ọhụrụ ahụ. Ọzọkwa, Jōyū nwetara ụdị ọkwá dị elu mgbe agha gas gachara na Tokyo, mgbe ọ ghọrọ ọnụ na-ekwuchitere Aum na ndị mgbasa ozi mgbasa ozi Japan malitere ịkọ banyere ikike ya ịzaghachi ngwa ngwa na mgbe a jụrụ ya banyere mpụ Aum. Nke a bulitere profaịlụ ihu ọha ya, na ọkwa ya n'oge na-adịbeghị anya na ntanetị, ebe akụkọ ya na saịtị ịkparịta ụka n'(ntanet (karịsịa Mixi na Twitter) natara uche nke ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ ndị àgwà ya masịrị. Foundzọ ha chọtara ebe ha nwere ike ịbịakwute ya (na-enweghị aha) site na andntanetị wee jụọ ya ajụjụ ndị na-enweghị isi banyere ndụ ya na ihe omume Aum (na Hikari no Wa maka ịntanetị na ịkparịta ụka mmekọrịta ọha na eze lee Baffelli 2010, 2012). N'ihi ya, ọ bụ ezie na a gaghị ahụ Jūy as ọzọ dị ka onye ndu zuru oke site n'aka ndị otu na ndị nwere ọmịiko Hikari no Wa, ọ bụ n'ihi ọnọdụ ya gara aga na Hikari no Wa na-anata nlebara anya site na ọha na eze na mgbasa ozi. N'oge ahụ, ọ ga-esiri ndị otu ahụ ndụ na-enweghị onye ndu ya.

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

N'agbanyeghị mbọ Hikari no Wa wepụrụ onwe ya pụọ ​​na Asahara na Aum, ndị ọrụ nchekwa ọha na-ahụ maka nchekwa ọha (Kōan Chōsachō, nke mechara PSIA) kpebiri na otu a ga-anọgide na-enyocha ha nke ọma yana na iwu ọhụrụ ewepụtara na 1999 iji chịkwaa Aleph, ya bụ Iwu Iwu Ndị Ejiri Iwu (Higaisha kyūsaihō) na Iwu Njikwa Nhazi (dantai kiseihụ,, a ga-etinye ya na Hikari no Wa. E mere ka nyocha ahụ ruo afọ atọ ọzọ na 2012, na akụkọ ikpeazụ nke PSIA (2014) ka na-egosi enweghị ntụkwasị obi nke Hikari no Wa, na-ekwu na ndị otu a ka na-etinye aka na Asahara. Na nzaghachi nke enyo ndị PSIA na ndị otu Anti-Aum na ndị otu ahụ metụtara, Hikari no Wa mepụtara ngalaba na webụsaịtị ya na-ekwupụta esemokwu ya na Aleph yana ịkọwapụta nsogbu metụtara ndu na nkuzi Aleph (“Aleph” nd ). Ọzọkwa, na ngwụcha afọ 2011 Hikari no Wa guzobere kọmitii nke "ndị na-ekiri mpụga" (gaibu kansa iinkai) nke gụnyere, n'etiti ndị ọzọ, otu onye tinyeburu aka na mgbochi Aum na ndị otu metụtara. Ebumnuche nke kọmitii ahụ bụ ịdebe na ịkọ akụkọ banyere ọrụ Hikari no Wa na nnọpụiche na ebumnuche (Hikari no Wa na-atụle akụkọ PSIA na ụgha).

N'oge na-adịbeghị anya, ìgwè ahụ na-adọta ụfọdụ mgbasa ozi ma gbaa ajụjụ ọnụ na Jōyū ka e bipụtara na magazin dị iche iche, na-enye ndị otu ahụ ohere inweta ọhụụ ọzọ na mgbasa ozi e biri ebi. Agbanyeghị, ndị PSIA na ọha mmadụ ka na-ahụ Hikari no Wa na onye ndu ya enyo, ihe ịma aka kasịnụ ha ka bụ bụ ime ka ọha na eze kwenye na ha adịkwaghị egwu ma na ha ebipụla njikọ ha na oge gara aga nke Aum.

References

“Aleph.” nd Nweta site na http://alephmondaitaisaku.blog.fc2.com/ na 7 March 2014.

Baffelli, Erica. 2012. "Hikari no Wa: Okpukpe ọhụrụ nke na-agbake site na ọdachi." Akwụkwọ bụ Japanese Journal of Studies Religious 39: 29-49.

Baffelli, Erica. 2010. “Charismatic Blogger? Ikike na Okpukpe Ọhụrụ na Web 2.0. ” Pp. 118-35 na Okpukpe ndị Japan na Intanet: Innovation, Representation, and Authority, nke Erica Baffelli dere, Ian Reader na Birgit Staemmler. New York: Ntughari.

Baffelli, Erica na Ian Reader. 2012. "Mmetụta na Nkọwapụta: Ihe Si na Nsogbu Aum pụta na Ọnọdụ Okpukpe Japan." Akwụkwọ bụ Japanese Journal of Studies Religious 39: 1-28.

Baffelli, Erica na Birgit Staemmler. 2011. "Aum Shinrikyō, Aleph, Hikari no Wa." Pp. 276-93 na Abmepụta Revolutinary: Okwu Mmalite nke Okpukpe Ọhụrụ na Japan, nke Ulrich Dehn na Birgit Staemmler dere. Münster-Hamburg-Berlin-Wien-London-Zürich: LIT.

“Ickpụrụ ndị bụ isi.” nd Nweta site na http://www.joyus.jp/hikarinowa/overview/05/0006.html na 7 March 2014.

“Iklọ Ahịa Net Net.” nd Nweta site na http://hikarinowa.shop-pro.jp/ na 7 March 2014.

Jōyū, Fumihiro . nd. “Hikari no wa” no kihontekina seikaku. Nweta site na
http:// ww.joyus.jp/hikarinowa/overview/05/0006.html na 15 November 2012.

Jōyū, Fumihiro. 2012. Aum jiken 17nenme no kokuhaku. Tokyo: Fusosha.

Jōyū Fumihiro. Na “Outlook na Aum metụtara Ọdachi.” E bipụtara na weebụsaịtị Bekee nke mmekọrịta ọha na eze nke Aleph. Nweta site na http://english.aleph.to/pr/01.html na 7 March 2014.

Jōyū, Fumihiro, na Tta Toshihiro. 2012. “Aum Shinrikyō o chọkpọ: sono miryoku ka kansei o megutte.” Na purasu 13: 4-34.

Maekawa, Michiko. 2001. "Mgbe Amụma Mebiri: Nzaghachi nke Ndị òtù Aum na Nsogbu." Pp. 179-210 na Okpukpe na Nsogbu Ọha na Japan: Understandghọta Japanese Society site na Aum Affair, nke Robert J. Kisala na Mark R. Mullins dere. New York: Palgrave.

“Ozi.” nd Nweta site na http://www.joyu.jp/message/ na 7 March 2014.

Munakata Makiko, 2010. Nijūsai kara nijūnenkan: “Aum no seishun” to iu makyō wo koete. Tokyo: Sangokan.

"Net-Dojo." nd Nweta site na http://net-dojo.hikarinowa.net/home.html na 7 March 2014.

"Maka Ndị Mbido." nd Nweta site na http://www.joyu.jp/hikarinowa/overview/00_1/0030.html na 7 March 2014.

"Isi." nd Nweta site na http://www.joyu.jp/hikarinowa/overview/ na 7 March 2014.

Securitylọ Ọrụ ọgụgụ isi nke ọha na eze 2014. Akụkọ Nchịkọta 2013 kwa afọ. Nweta site na http://www.moj.go.jp/content/000117998.pdf na 2 October 2013.

Securitylọ Ọrụ ọgụgụ isi nke ọha na eze 2012. Akụkọ Nchịkọta 2011 kwa afọ. Nweta site na http://www.moj.go.jp/content/000096470.pdf na 8 October 2013.

Securitylọ Ọrụ ọgụgụ isi nke ọha na eze 2011. Akụkọ Nchịkọta 2010 kwa afọ . Nweta site na http://www.moj.go.jp/content/000072886.pdf na 15 November 2012.

Agụ, Ian. 2013. “ Aum Shinrikyō. Nweta site na http://www.has.vcu.edu/wrs/profiles/AumShinrikyo.htm na 10 March 2014.

Agụ, Ian. 2000. Ime ihe ike okpukpe na oge a Japan: Ikpe nke Aum Shinrikyō . Richmond na Honolulu: Curzon Press na Mahadum nke Hawai'i Press.

"Akwụkwọ na nkuzi." nd Nweta site na http://www.joyu.jp/lecturetext/012010/0041_1.html na 7 March 2014.

NKWUKWU ND:: Akwụkwọ ederede Hikari no Wa

(Akwụkwọ nta ndị otu ahụ bipụtara ma kesaa n'oge nzukọ ọmụmụ ihe kpụ ọkụ n'ọnụ na Disemba / Jenụwarị, Mee, Ọgọstụ ma ọ bụ n'oge njem uka):

2008, Bukkyō kōgi, satori no d tei.

2009a Gendaijin no tameno ichigen no hɔ soku. (Ọgwụgwụ nke Seminarị).

2009b Naikan, yuishiki, engi no essensu. '' Nzukọ Seminar Golden '.

2009c Daijōbukkyō, rokubutsu no oshie. (February Seminar Seminar).

2010a Chɔdo no oshie , hikutsu ka ikari no ch ōgba, Nijūisseki no atarashii shinkō no arikata. (Ọgwụgwụ nke Seminarị).

2010b Sanbutsu no ichigenhōsoku, bodaishin ka rokuharamitsu: Nijūisseki no shūkyō no kakushin . (Nzukọ ọmụmụ ihe ezumike).

2010c Ichigen no hōsoku nye sono satori no d ,tei, kong ō bōsatsu no naisei sh ugyō.

2011a Sanbutsushingyō no oshie, kansha to sonchō to ai no jiseen. (Ọgwụgwụ nke Seminarị).

2011b Wa no shisō to tadashii shūkyō no shinkō no arikata . (Nzukọ ọmụmụ ihe ezumike).

2011c Hikari no Wa to Nihon to “wa no shisō '' Nzukọ Seminar Golden '.

2012a Hɔsoku no taitoku, shisaku no sh ugyō. Sanbutsu no hōsoku no shisaku to meisō. (Ọgwụgwụ nke Nzukọ ọmụmụ)

2012b Sanbutsu shingyō no oshie to gendai no shomondai . (Nzukọ ọmụmụ ihe ezumike).

2012c Sanbutsu shingyō no shūchū no sh ugyō. Dokyō meisō no shōsetsu Nzukọ Ọchịchị Golden Golden

2013a Wa no hō to mezame no oshie. Butsumo no meisō, nikyoku no chwa. (Ọgwụgwụ nke Seminarị).

2013b Gendai wo ikiru chie, wa no shisō to saishinkagaku. (Nzukọ ọmụmụ ihe ezumike).

2013c Gense k'fuku to satori no họ. Satori no shūchū sh ugyō. '' Nzukọ Seminar Golden '.


Ụbọchị Post:
10 March 2014

 

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