Ahụike, Obi Ụtọ, Dị Nsọ

Ahụike, Obi ụtọ, Oge nhazi dị nsọ (3HO)

Aha: Sikh Dharma: Ahụ ike, Obi ụtọ, nzukọ dị nsọ (3HO)

Onye guzobere: Siri Singh Sahib Harbhajan Khalsa, onye amara karịa Yogi Bhajan

Ụbọchị ọmụmụ: 1929

Ebe omuma: Delhi, India

Afọ a tọrọ ntọala: 1969

Akwụkwọ Nsọ Dị Nsọ ma ọ bụ Na-asọpụrụ: Akwụkwọ Sikh Dị Nsọ (Guru Granth Sahib)

Ugo nke Otu: E nwere ihe dị ka ndị Sikh 250,000 na North America nke ihe gbasara 10,000 bụ Sikh Dharma: Ndị òtù 3HO. Na 1995 enwere ngụkọta nke ashrams / ma ọ bụ ebe izi ihe 139 na United States, 11 na Canada, na ebe 86 ọzọ na 26 mba ndị ọzọ. (Melton, 1986: 51.))

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

Mgbe Yogi Bhajan kwagara na United States na 1969, ọ malitere ịkụziri kundalini yoga na Los Angeles, California site na ntọala nke ashram na Healthy, Obi ,tọ, Holytù Dị Nsọ (3HO). Emebere 3HO na ebumnuche nke ịkụzi ntụgharị uche, yoga na ụdị ndụ okike nye ndị Sikh na ndị na-abụghị Sikhs; ashram bụ ebe etiti omume a. N'ihi na ọ bụ onye nkuzi Sikh, o nwee ike ịkọrọ ụmụ akwụkwọ ya okwukwe Sikh ma si otú a nweta ndị kwere ekwe nwere mmasị.

N'ihi ọrụ okpukpe Bhajan na US, Akal Takhat (ikike ime mmụọ a ma ama nke okpukpe Sikh) họpụtara ya ka ọ bụrụ Onye isi Okpukpe na Nchịkwa maka Sikh Dharma na Western Hemisphere. E guzobere Sikh Dharma ịhazi na ịgbasa ozizi ndị a; a họpụtara ọtụtụ narị ndị ozi nke Sikh Dharma, e guzobekwara ọtụtụ narị ebe izi ihe. 3HO nọgidere na-agụ akwụkwọ nke Sikh Dharma.

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

Guru Nanak (1439-1538) guzobere okpukpe Sikh dị ka okpukpe mmekọrịta, ngwakọta nke Hindu na Alakụba, tinyere nkwenkwe na omume ndị ọzọ. Sikhism si na ndakpọ olileanya ya nwere n'ihi ihe ọ kwenyere na ọ bụ ịnụbiga ọkụ n'obi ókè na enweghị ndidi nke ndị Alakụba na emume na-enweghị isi na ajọ mbunobi ndị jupụtara n'etiti ndị Hindu.

Otu ndị Gurus itoolu (nke a na-ewere dị ka nlọghachi nke Guru Nanak) duuru usoro ahụ site na ọnwụ Guru Nanak ruo 1708. Guru ọ bụla gbakwunyere nkwenkwe na omume ndị dị mkpa n'okpukpe ahụ. Na 1708, ọrụ nke Guru gafere na Panth (ndị na-eso ụzọ) na akụkụ Akwụkwọ Nsọ. Ndi Sikh Dharma: 3HO na okpukperechi ndi okpukpe Sikh na-agbaso nkwenkwe na nkuzi nke Guru Nanak mana ha di iche na otu ndi otu na-agbaso, ma obu tinye, nkwenkwe na omume ufodu.

Otu abụọ a kwenyere na Chukwu Kachasị Elu nakwa na chi a enweghị ike ịkpụ mmadụ. Nzube ha maka ndu mmadu bu imebi uzo nke omumu na onwu ma jikota ya na Chineke. A na-elekwasịkarị anya na ofufe kwa ụbọchị maka ncheta nke Chineke. Enwere ike imezu nke a site na isoro nkuzi nke Guru, ntụgharị uche na Aha Nsọ na arụmọrụ nke ọrụ na ọrụ ebere. Ndị otu na-agbaso ndụmọdụ nke iri Sikh Gurus ka ha bilie tupu ọwụwa anyanwụ, saa ahụ ma tụgharịa uche na aha Chineke. Omume ndị a na-esochi abụ nke Akwụkwọ Nsọ. Sikh Holy Book (Guru Branth Sahib) bu ​​onye Guru na-adigide; enweghị ohere ọ bụla n'ime otu Guru dị ndụ.

Omume ojoo abuo di iche iche nke mmadu choro iji merie iji nweta nzoputa:

Kam (agụụ mmekọahụ)

Krodh (iwe)

Lobh (anyaukwu),

Moh (mgbakwunye ụwa)

Ahankar (mpako).

A na-ewere ememe okpukpe dịka ibu ọnụ, njem ala nsọ, nkwenkwe ụgha, na ikpere arụsị ofufe ikpere arụ, a na-ajụkwa ha nke ọma.

Ezigbo Ndụ Ezinụlọ (Grasth) na-agba ume. Celibacy ma ọ bụ renunciation nke ụwa adịghị mkpa iji nweta nzọpụta. Onye na-etinye aka ga-ebi n'ụwa ma mee ka uche ya dị ọcha. Ajuju nke akuku abuo nile nke ndi mmadu, ndi okwukwe, agburu ma obu mmeko nwoke.

Gurus kwusiri ike na ụmụ nwanyị zuru oke, na-ajụ nwatakịrị nwanyị ma ọ bụ sati (nwunye na-ere ọkụ), na-ekwe ka alụm di na nwunye di ha nwụrụ na ịjụ purdah (ụmụ nwanyị na-ekpuchi ihu). Laborrụsi ọrụ ike na ịrụ ọrụ bụ ụzọ mmadụ si ebi ndụ a nwapụtara anwapụta. A na-ahụta ya dị ka ihe dị ùgwù ịsọpụrụ ndị mmadụ nri ụbọchị site n'ezi ọrụ ọ bụghị site ịrịọ arịrịọ ma ọ bụ n'ụzọ akwụwaghị aka ọtọ. Ban Chhakna, isoro ndị ọzọ kerịta, bụkwa ọrụ metụtara mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya. A na-atụ anya ka onye ahụ nyere ndị ọzọ nọ ná mkpa aka site na ọrụ ebere. Seva, oru ndi ozo bu ihe di nkpa nke ndi otu a. Kichin obodo n'efu (langar) dị na gurdwara ọ bụla ma meghee ndị mmadụ niile n'okpukpe bụ otu ngosipụta nke ọrụ obodo a.

Isi ihe dị iche n'etiti etiti abụọ ahụ metụtara omume yoga, baptizim, omume nke “k” ise, yana ahụike. Ndị Sikh Dharma: 3HO ka enyere nhọrọ ma gbaa ha ume ka ha nwee Sikh Baptism nke ga-enyere ha aka isonye na Khalsa. Ozugbo emere ha baptizim, achọrọ ndị otu Sikh Dharma ka ha soro “k” ise.

Omume ise a na-akpọ ndị nsọ Lhalsa bụ:

Kesh (ogologo ntutu isi, nke anaghị egbutu ya)

Kangah (mkpọ)

Kachha (obere ogologo ọkpa)

Kara (ọla mgbaaka)

Kirpan (mma agha).

N’aka nke ọzọ, ndị okpukperechi Sikh nile emeela baptizim na ịrapara na “k” ise ise n’oge ugbu a adịghị oke ka nke ndị otu Sikh Dharma.

Ndị Sikh Dharma na-eme ụdị yoga atọ dị iche iche: 1.kundalini, 2.laya, na 3.tantric nke kwesiri ka ha nyere ha aka itughari uche karia. Ndị òtù ahụ na-ekwusi ike banyere ahụ ike, karịa ka a na-akwanyere ùgwù na okpukpe Sikh. N'ezie, Akwụkwọ Nsọ jụrụ ma yoga ma anaghị eri anụ dị ka usoro emume ikpuchi isi. Enweela esemokwu.

References

Ihe mgbochi, N. Gerald, na Verne A.Dusenbery. 1989. Ndị Sikh Diaspora: Migration na Ahụmahụ Na-abụghị Punjab. Delhi: Akwụkwọ Chanakya.

Dart, John. 1986. Los Angeles Times 19 Julaị, edlọ de.: Metro; akụkụ 2; peeji nke 4.

Dart, John. 1993. "Wayzọ Dị Anya Site n'Homelọ." Los Angeles Times 1 August, Ndagwurugwu ed.: B1.

Khalsa, Kirpal Singh. 1986. "Mmeghari Okpukpe Ọhụrụ Na-atụgharị Na-aga nke Ọma Worldwa." Akwụkwọ akụkọ maka Ọmụmụ Sayensị nke Okpukpe 25 (2): 233-245.

Melton, J. Gordon. 1986. Akwụkwọ Encyclopedic nke Okpukpe na America. NY: Garland Publishing Inc.

Melton, J. Gordon, ed. 1996. Encyclopedia of American okpukpe. New York: Gale Research Inc.

Singh, Khushwant. 1985. Sikhs Taa. New Delhi: Orient Longman.

Singh, Khushwant. 1977. Akụkọ banyere ndị Sikh. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Tobey, Alan. 1976. "The Summer Solstice nke Healthy-Obi -tọ-Nsọ nzukọ." na Charles Y. Glock na Robert N. Bellah, eds., Nghọta Okpukpe Ọhụrụ. Berkeley: Mahadum California Press, pps. 5-30.

Wright, Chapin. 1978. “Natural Soft Drinks Gamble Paying Off.” Washington Bipute 13 Disemba Ikpeazụ ed.: B1. 

Onye kere ya: Monica Villanueva
Maka Soc257: mmeghari okpukpe ohuru
1997 Oge Mmiri
A gbanwere ya ozugbo: 07 / 24 / 01

 

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