Stephen Hunt

Florida Outpouring (Lakeland Revival)

FLORIDA NA-AHỤ ỤLỌ

A mụrụ 1955 Stephen Strader.

1976 (January 10) A mụrụ Todd Bentley na Gibsons, British Columbia.

1977 Strader lụrụ nwunye ya, Janice, na di na nwunye ahụ mechara mụọ ụmụ anọ.

1978 Strader banyere ozi.

1980 Mgbakọ Mgbakọ mbụ nke Chineke Church na Lakeland zụrụ ndị na-ewu ụlọ na ndị na-eso ụlọ ezumike nká na ụlọ ma kpọgharịa ya ndị ọrụ nhazi na ndị na-eso Chọọchị.

1993 Rodney Howard-Browne duziri nlọghachi na ndị na-ewu ụlọ na ndị na-eso ya maka izu iri na isii, na-abanye ọtụtụ puku ndị nleta n'abalị.

1994 Strader hapụrụ ọrụ nlekọta ya iji sonye Howard-Browne na mba ọzọ.

1995 (May 22) Todd Bentley lụrụ nwunye ya, Shonnah.

1998 Todd Bentley sonyeere ma ghọọ onye ndú nke ọkụ ọkụ ministri.

2005 (December) Stephen Strader guzobere Chọọchị Ignited na Lakeland Florida.

2007 (October) A kpọrọ Todd Bentley ka o kwuo otu abalị na Chọọchị Ignited.

2008 (April 2) Bentley laghachiri n'amara maka Nzukọ Ihe Nleba na Ihe Omume. The Florida Outpouring malitere.

2008 (August 11) Bentley kwụsịrị mkpakọrịta ya na Chọọchị Ignited ma kwụsị ọrụ.

2008 Bentley guzobere Ụlọ Ọrụ Na-ahụ Maka Ịgba Ọkụ na Uganda.

2010 Bentley laghachiri n'ozi ya.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

Themụ nwoke abụọ ahụ kacha mee ihe omume ndị bịara mara dị ka Florida Outpouring (ma ọ bụ Lakeland Revival) bụ Stephen Strader na Todd Bentley. Onye nke ọ bụla etolitela ọrụ okpukpe n'adabereghị onwe ya, ha abụọ etinyekwala aka na mmemme nkwalite okpukpe gara aga. Ọrụ okpukpe ha gbakọtara na Strader's Ignited Church ebe Bentley duru ihe ghọrọ Florida Outpouring.

A mụrụ Stephen Strader na 1955 ma na-akọ na enwere "ịmụ ọzọ" mgbe ọ dị afọ asatọ ma kpọọ ya ka ọ gaa ozi mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na abụọ. Ọ
O nwetara akara ugo mmụta Bachelor nke Arts na Bible na Pastoral Theology site na College of Assembly nke Chineke dị na Lakeland, na-amụ akwụkwọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Mahadum Oral Roberts na 1977-1978, ma bụrụ onye pastọ na Nzukọ nke Chineke na 1978. Strader dị na nwunye mbụ, Janice, na 1977, di na nwunye ahụ mechara mụọ ụmụ anọ.

Mgbe Strader na-agụsị akwụkwọ, nna ya, bụ Karl Strader, bụ Onye pastọ pastọ na ndị nkụzi na ndị na-eso Chọọchị dị na Lakeland, bụ ndị na-agbakọta na mgbakọ nke Chineke. Ozugbo edoro ya, Stephen Strader ghọrọ onye pastọ nke chọọchị ma jee ozi n'etiti ikike 1978 na 2005 (Poloma na Green 19xx: 225). Ndị na-arụ ọrụ owuwu na ndị na-akpakọrịta na-ewuli elu dịka ụlọ ọrụ megachurch ruo ọtụtụ afọ ma ha malitere ịla n'iyi na njedebe 1980s n'etiti mbelata nke Charismatic Movement na ụkọ ego. Chọọchị ahụ funahụrụ otu ụzọ n'ụzọ atọ nke otu n'ime 1989 naanị (Strader 2008: 28). Na 1993, onye mgbasa ozi nke South Africa, Rodney Howard-Brown, mere ka ndị nkuzi na ndị jikọtara maka izu ụka iri na isii na-egosi "ọchị dị nsọ" nke kọwapụtara na Toronto Blessing ma dọta ọtụtụ puku ndị ọbịa n'abalị (Hunt 2009a).

N'afọ na-eso ya Strader na ezi na ụlọ ya lara ezumike nke ụka pụọ ​​na isonye mba nke Rodney Howard-Browne na njem mba ụwa dị ka onye inyeaka ya na ihe karịrị narị atọ revival ihe. Ọrụ nke onye ọrụ Strader nyere onwe ya bụ ịgbasa mmaliteghachi ụwa niile. Ọ bụụrụ “ihe ịrịba ama na ọrụ ebube” na ngosipụta pụrụ iche nke Mmụọ Nsọ bụ ndị ekwenyere na ha na-akwado Okwu Chineke e kwusara. O nwere ọtụtụ agbatịkwu gafere US yana 'ọrụ ebube ọgụ' na Cuba, Columbia, Costa Rica, Ghana, Guyana, Ecuador, India, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panama, Philippines, Puerto Rico, South Africa, Ukraine, Virgin Agwaetiti na Zimbabwe.

Ndị ọkwá nkà na ndị na-esonye na Chọọchị na-aga n'ihu na-enwe ndapụta nke ndị otu ma mesịa mechie na 2005. Otu afọ ahụ Strader guzobere ma buru onye isi nke Chọọchị Ignited na Lakeland na 2005. Chọọchị ahụ malitere na mbụ site na mgbe ahụ arụ ọrụ ndị ọkwá nkà na ndị na-eso ụzọ Ndị ọzọ so na Carpenters na Churchers sonyeere Lakeland's Auburndale Life Church.

Todd Bentley mụrụ na 1976 na Sechelt, British Columbia. Ọ na-ahụkarị na ọ bụ nwata na nwata. Ya ndị nne na nna kewapụrụ onwe ha, ọ bụkwa ruo oge ụfọdụ ka ọ bi n'ụlọ obibi. Malite mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na otu, o nwere ọtụtụ usoro mmekọahụ na-ezighị ezi, itinye aka n'ịṅụbiga mmanya ókè na ime nchọpụta na ọtụtụ ọgwụ ndị iwu na-akwadoghị bụ ndị dugara n'ọtụtụ nkwụsịtụ, ntụtụ ntụtụ, ịkwọ ụgbọala, na ọkụ. Mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na ise, a mara ya ikpe ma maa ya ikpe maka ime mwakpo mmekọahụ na nwatakịrị. Na 17, a na-elezi ya n'ụlọ ọgwụ mgbe ọgwụ amphetamines na hallucinogenic gafere.

N'oge ntorobịa Bentley ọ na-ekwukwa na ọ na-enwe ọtụtụ mmụọ na mmụọ ọjọọ. Enwere ọtụtụ oge, mgbe ụfọdụ n'ihe nwere ike ịbụ ihe mberede, nke ọ kwenyere na Setan gbalịrị igbu ya n'ihi na "Onye iro ahụ maara na Chineke nwere atụmatụ na nzube maka m, ọbụlagodi mgbe m bụ nwa amụrụ ọhụrụ" (Bentley 2008 40: 2008). Ime anwansi dọkwara mmasị ya site n'egwú rọk ma mee ka ọ nwee mgbapụta n'ọtụtụ oge. Bentley mechara nwee ahụmịhe "amụrụ ọzọ" nke ọ na - ekwu "wepụtara m ọgwụ na mmanya na - egbu m" ozugbo (Bentley 76: 2008). Oge ụfọdụ ọ na - echeta na ọbịbịa sitere na Mmụọ Nsọ nke ọ natara ike nke mmụọ. Ọ na-echeta na “eluigwe meghere, site n’ìhè na-enwu gbaa, na nduru ọcha nke nworo onwe ya nwoghara onwe ya nke dị fere fere ma feere gafee ọdọ mmiri ahụ gaa n’otu osisi dị nso. Ọ bụ ezie na ọ bụ otu nduru, ọ dara dị ka nku nduru nke puku nduru iri… .Enwetabeghị m naanị asụsụ, kama m nwetakwara ikike sitere n'elu maka ọrụ ebube, ihe ịrịba ama na ihe ịtụnanya "(Bentley 83: 2008). Naanị tupu ya abanye na ozi ahụ ọ na-azọrọ na ọ natala ikike iwu ime mmụọ ọzọ maka ozi ya mgbe Mmụọ Nsọ kpọọrọ ya n'ọhụụ gaa Ugwu Zaịọn wee gbagoo n'ugwu ebe ọ zutere Jizọs. A gwara ya na “Nke a bụ kansụl nke Onyenwe anyị. Akpọwo m gị dịka otu n’ime ọtụtụ ndị ga - esonye n’usuu ndị agha nke mgbe ikpeazụ na ọgbọ ikpeazụ ”(Bentley 28: XNUMX).

Strader na Bentley zutere 2007 ozugbo mgbe Strader gwara Bentley ka ọ kwuo okwu na Ignited Church. Strader na-ekwu na ya maara ozi Bentley nke ọma (Strader 2008: 10):

Anụrụ m akụkọ banyere Todd 32 dị afọ iri na ụma, ụfọdụ dị mma, ihe ọjọọ. Dị ka John Baptist, anụ ọhịa ahụ, onye nkuzi a na-eto eto chere ndị na-ebo ebubo ebubo ihu, sị, "O nwere mmụọ ọjọọ." Ọ bụ onye mmehie dị afọ iri na ụma ma kwupụta ọkwa ndekọ ụlọ mkpọrọ n'ihu ọha. Dị ka John Baptist, Todd nọ n'ụlọ mkpọrọ. Ọ dịkwa ka Jizọs na ọ na-adọta ndị na-eri nri na ndị aṅụrụma, ọ bụkwa enyi nke ndị ọnaụtụ, ndị na-eri ọgwụ ọjọọ, ndị na-agba akwụna, ndị akwụna na ndị gbagọrọ agbagọ, na ụdị "ndị mmehie" dị iche iche.

Bentley bụ nke mbụ jikọrọ aka na Òtù Na-ahụ Maka Fire Fire na Canada na 1998 ma n'oge na-adịghị anya ọ ghọrọ onye ndu ya. Ọkụ ọhụrụ na-arị elu ghọrọ usoro mmeghari, na Bentley duru ndu na agha agha n'ọtụtụ mpaghara. Na-eduga na ntiwapụ nke nlọghachị na Lakeland, Bentley bidoro ọtụtụ usoro ọgwụgwọ na izisa ozi ọma na North America na-ekwusi ike na ịmị ọkụ ọkụ, na-akwadebe ahụ nke Kraịst na "ike izisa ozi ọma," yana ọrụ ịgwọ ọrịa n'ụzọ ọrụ ebube. Ọtụtụ n'ime mkpọsa ndị a gụnyere nzukọ izisa ozi ọma nke gbatịpụrụ site n'otu ọnwa ruo ọnwa abụọ, na-aga n'ihu ọbụlagodi mgbe Bentley hapụsịrị ihe omume ndị ahụ.

Ọbịbịa Bentley maka nkwusa ozioma na ọgwụgwọ na Lakeland bụ nke ebubere maka ụbọchị ise mana n'ihi ikike ya, nkwupụta nke ọgwụgwọ ọrụ ebube, na ihe ịtụnanya anụ ahụ pụrụ iche hụrụ na ụka ọ nọrọ ihe karịrị ọnwa isii. Strader na-echeta “N’abalị mbụ Wenesde ahụ gbawara… .N’abalị nke abụọ anyị juputara n’ụlọ ahụ. Ike dị nsọ bụ nke a na-enwetụbeghị ụdị ya ... Ọrụ ebube a na-apụghị ịgụta ọnụ malitere ịba ”(Strader 2008: 32). N'ịbụ ndị a ghọtara dị ka ihe dị mkpa nke Mmụọ Nsọ, nlọghachi ahụ kwuru na ọ dọtara ndị mmadụ 140,000 sitere na mba 40 site na njedebe nke May na site na njedebe nke June 400,000 site na ụfọdụ mba 100 (Lake 2008). Nke a bụ na mgbakwunye na ihe dịka 1,200,000 nke na-elele na asntanetị yana ndị na-ege ntị na mgbasa ozi sara mbara nke GODTV nyere. Emegharịrị na ndụ ahụ site na Ustream site na Chọọchị Ignited wee nweta ihe karịrị otu nde "hits" na izu ise mbụ nke nnyefe.

Ihe ndị na-akpata ọdachi Florida gbanwere ọtụtụ ebe, na-amalite na Chọọchị Ignited na ụmụnna nwanyị Auburndale, na kwaga na $ 15,000 kwa abalị Lakeland Center na Stadium Marchant. Mgbe o jupụtasịrị ebe ndị gara aga, nzukọ ndị ahụ na-ebuteghachi na-akwaga n'ụlọ ntu oyi nke nọkwasịrị 10,000. Na August 3, nzukọ nlọghachi ahụ laghachiri Chọọchị Ignited. Ọghachị Lakeland anaghị akwụ ụgwọ maka ịga, ma ndị bịara ya nwere ike inye onyinye onyinye afọ ofufo na-akwado ma ụlọ ma ụlọ ọrụ.

N'ihe na-agagharị na Toronto na Brownsville, ndị ọzọ na-ebu amụma ma na-ebu amụma na ndị ọzọ na-atụgharị anya na mmụba nke mmụọ nsọ. Ntughari ndi mmadu n'eziokwu mebiri karia nzuko di iche iche n'obodo di iche iche nke United States s (Poloma 2003). Otu amụma pụtara na ọ dị mkpa maka Florida Outpouring ma bụrụ nke onye ndu Korea Pentikọstal a ma ama, Yonggi Cho, onye ụkọchukwu ụkọchukwu nke Yoido Full Gospel Church, kwenyere na ya, yana ndị otu 750,000, ọgbakọ kachasị na ụwa. O buru amụma na 1987 na "njedebe ikpeazụ nke Mmụọ Nsọ ga-esite na Canada." Na mbu kwenyere na “agagharị nke Mmụọ Nsọ” bụ Ngọzi Toronto, mana emesịa, a tụgharịrị ọzọ maka ọrụ Todd Bentley. Amụma na atụmanya nke mweghachi bụ ihe gbara ọkpụrụkpụ nke nyere Bentley nnukwu nleta Lakeland aka.

N'ọtụtụ ụzọ, Florida Outpouring yiri mmeghachi nke Pentikọst nke mere na 1990s, akpan akpan Ngọzi Toronto (Hunt 1995; Porter na Richter 1995) na Toronto na Mkpuchi Brownsville na Pensacola, Florida (Wójcik 2000). Na mgbakwunye na nkwupụta nke ọtụtụ ọgwụgwọ n'ụzọ ọrụ ebube, Outpouring yiri ka ọ na-ekwu okwu ndị ọzọ pụrụ iche, gụnyere ma ọ dịkarịa ala mbilite n'ọnwụ atọ nke ndị nwụrụ anwụ (Hunt 2009a). Otú ọ dị, Lakeland Revival dị nkenke karịa mmalite abụọ ndị a mbụ ma mee ka e mesie ike na nkwusa ozi ọma na ịgwọ ọrịa. Ọzọkwa, e jikọtara ya na otu onye na-ahụkarị ya, Todd Bentley. Bentley bụ onye na-arụ ụka na onye na-adịghị ahụkebe na-enwe ụdị ọdịdị biker-punk. Ọ dị mkpụmkpụ, na-atụgharị ya n'ahụ, na-egbu egbu, ọ na-agbasi mbọ ike mgbe ọ na-amaliteghachi ọmụmụ ihe na jeans, akwa teewe na uwe agha ndị agha, bụ ndị na-egwukarị okwu mkparị dịka "Jesus Love My Tattoos" or "Holy Spirit Special Corps. "

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

Ihe na-emekarị ka Pentikọstal / nkụzi mara mma, Bentley mesiri otutu nkwenkwe ike: nzoputa, baptism n'ime Mmụọ Nsọ, ọgwụgwọ Chineke, na nkwenye na ọbịbịa nke Kraist. Mgbe emesiri baptism nime Mo Nso, Mo puru igosi site na onye kwere ekwe dika onyinye onyinye nke mo dika ikwu okwu n'asusu di iche iche na ibu amuma. Mgbe Bentley na-edebanye aha na nkwenkwe ndị a, o mehiere n'ime ozizi na omume ndị a na-ewere dịka enweghị nkwenye ma ọ bụ ọbụna nke na-emekarị ka ọ bụrụ ihe kachasị ọnụ na Pentikọstal denomination. Ndị dị ka ndị na-ezisa ozi ọma bụ William Branham na Bob Jones, na John Wimber, bụ onye guzobere ya Ubi vine ma jikọta ya na "mgbasa ozi ike."

Todd Bentley kwenyere na nkuzi nke Joel's Army, nke dabere na ọgụgụ isi nke isi nke abụọ nke Old
Akwụkwọ nke Joel). Ozizi ahụ buru amụma banyere "ndị agha oge ọgwụgwụ" nke ga-akwadebe maka alaeze Chineke n'okpuru ọchịchị Jizọs Kraịst. Nke a bụ nkwupụta mbụ William Branham kwadoro bụ onye na-ebute ụzọ mmalite nke 1948 nke o kwuru na ndị na-eso ụzọ ya biri n'oge oge Akwụkwọ Nsọ nke "Mmiri ozuzo ikpeazu. ” Dị ka ozizi a si dị, a ga-akpọ “Manmụ Chineke Nke Kachasị Gosi na” ndị kasị bụrụ ndị na-emeghị mmehie ma na-anụ ọkụ n'obi. Na 1980s, nkuzi Branham malitere ibi ndụ ọhụrụ na Kansas City Fellowship (KCF), otu ndịozi na-akpọ onwe ha ndị amụma na ndị amụma bụ ndị kwalitere Agha Joel nkà mmụta okpukpe. John Wimber, tupu ọnwụ ya na 1997, kwusara na ọ bụghị nanị na ndị agha Joel ga-emeri ụwa ma merie ọnwụ n'onwe ya (Bentley 2008: 22-25).

Ndị na-eso Joel's Army, ọtụtụ n'ime ha bụ ndị na-eto eto na ndị toro eto, kwenyere na ha bụ ndị so n'ọgbọ ikpeazụ na-abịa n'ihu tupu njedebe nke ụwa. Ndị agha Joel dị na ngalaba nke mba Dominionist zuru ụwa ọnụ, puku afọ gara aga nke ndị na-eso ụzọ ya kwuru na, ozugbo a kwaturu ọchịchị ụwa, a ndi isi nke ndi ozi na ndi amuma gha achi uwa. Ndị otu a nwere ọtụtụ ndị nkwado dị mkpa gụnyere Rick Joyner, onye ụkọchukwu nke akwụkwọ ya, The Harvest (1993) na Call (2010), nyeere aka ịkọwa mmụta mmụta Joel's Army site na ire ihe karịrị otu nde. Pastkọchukwu ọzọ, Lou Ugo, bidoro "Oku ahụ," mbugharị elekere iri na abụọ nke ihe ruru ndị ntorobịa 20,000 emere n'oge okpomọkụ ọ bụla n'otu obodo ukwu America. Engle guzobere Oku ahụ dabere na ọhụụ Joel's Army nke onye amụma Bob Jones nke Kansas City Prophets kwuru.

Bentley gbakwụnyere na nkuzi ndị a na ndị e dere na Toronto na Brownsville eme ka ndi ndu ha zere nke oma. Nke kachasị mkpa bụ nke ahụike na akụ na ụba nke metụtara, n'etiti ndị ọzọ, na Kenneth Copeland na njedebe Kenneth Hagin. Mgbe Outpouring Bentley ji ihere mee nkwuwa okwu maka ọganihu ozioma na nzukọ ya na Lakeland "nyere iwu" "ọhụụ ego," ọbụna na-enye mgbede na mgbede ahụ. Akụkụ ọzọ a nke Outpouring sitere na mkpughe dị ebube: a na-akwadora onye ahụ a mụrụ ọzọ ka ọ bụrụ akụ na ụba ya nakwa na Chọọchị dum n'ozuzu ga-ekere oke akụnụba nke ụwa.

RITUALS / PRACTICES

Ụdị usoro nke nzukọ n'oge Florida Outpouring gụnyere nzụlite nke otu "ofufe" ìgwè ofufe ofufe, okwu nkenke,
akụkọ banyere ahụmahụ ime mmụọ, na-azọrọ na ịgwọ ọrịa, na akaebe nke aka gị. Otú ọ dị, ọmụmụ ihe na-ejikarị enweghị ọhụụ ma na-achịkwa ihe omume na-emeghị eme. Ọzọkwa, Outpouring pụtara na ọ bụ ihe na-agba agba maka ụdị dị egwu nke dị na Toronto, Brownsville na ihe ndị ọzọ nke 1990s, na-ewere ha gaa ọkwa dị elu karị. "Nwee n'ime Mmụọ," "ọchị dị nsọ," nkwenye ndị siri ike, "na-afụ" Mmụọ Nsọ maka ndị na-anụ ọkụ n'obi, ịgbagha ndị mmụọ ọjọọ, mgbanwe ntụgharị uche, na nleta mmụọ ozi Bentley kwuru ma ọ bụ " eluigwe meghere "mgbe Mmụọ Nsọ gbadatara.

Enwere nkwenye siri ike n'oge Lakeland Outpouring na enwere ike ibunye ndị kwere ekwe ihe dị otú a aka ("nkesa"), karịsịa site na Bentley. N'aka nke ọzọ, Bentley ga-eri "Wafting" Mmụọ Nsọ n'elu nzukọ ahụ n'oge nzukọ mweghachi (atụmatụ nke mbụ metụtara Rodney Howard-Browne na onye nkwusa ozioma Benny Hinn). Bentley ga - ekwusi okwu ike na - enweta “ọkụ” nke Mmụọ Nsọ: “Setịpụ ya jide ya! Nara ya, jidere ya! Enweta! Kaboom boom! More Lord, ọzọ! Ọkụ! Ọkụ! ” Akaebe nke ọgwụgwọ ọrịa bụ ihe a na-ahụkarị na Lakeland Expouring ma gbakwunye na mkpesa ya ebe ọ bụ na e nwere ọtụtụ akụkọ mbụ nke ọrụ ebube. N'ezie, isi ọrụ a bụ na ndị sonyere kwenyere na ọ bụ ọgwụgwọ Chineke nke ọnọdụ (nke nwekwara ike "kenye" ​​site na netwọkụ telivishọn) dị ka ọrịa kansa, ntị chiri, ọrịa shuga, na ahụ mkpọnwụ.

N'ime nkwupụta niile sitere na ahụmịhe karịrị nke mmadụ, ọ bụ ntụaka Bentley maka nleta ndị mmụọ ozi dọtara mmasị dị ukwuu. Ejikọtakwara ngosipụta nke mmụọ ozi na Ngọzi Toronto (Hunt 1995). Igosipụta nke ọma abụrụla otu mmụọ ozi aha ya bụ "Emma" bụ ike karịrị nke mmadụ dịka Bentley si kọọ:

Anọ m na-eje ozi na Beulah, North Dakota. N'etiti ọrụ ahụ m nọ na mkparịta ụka…. mgbe na-ejegharị Emma. Ka m legidere mmụọ ozi ahụ anya na anya, Onyenwe anyị kwuru, 'Lee Emma'. Anaghị m egwu egwu. O sere n'elu inimita ole na ole si n'ala E .Emma putara ihe mara nma ma buru obere nwa - ihe dika iri abuo na abuo - ma o meela agadi n'otu oge S .O gabigara n’ime ulo, na eme oku na acha. Emma buuru akpa ndị a wee malite ịdọpụta ọla edo n’ime ha. Ekem, nte enye asangade akafiakde isaho ufok Abasi, enye ama otongo ndori ntan gold ke mme owo… ..

A na-ejikọta ihe ndị a na-arụ ọrụ ebube na ájá ọlaedo na nke a na-akpọ "Gold Dust Revival," bụ nke sochiri Toronto Blessing ma na-ejikọta ya na onye nkwusa ozioma Ruth Ward Heflin (Sheflett 2000).

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

N'isochi ọmarịcha ntọghata nke mmụọ “tozọ na-aga Damaskọs”, Bentley gara mba ụwa ijide ọrụ ụka na ọgụ mgbochi n'ime mba iri ise na ise gụnyere Etiopia, Malaysia, Peru na South Africa. Na Uganda o guzobere ụlọ ụmụaka maka ụmụ mgbei a kpọrọ Uganda Jesus Village. Mgbalị a na-azụ ndị pastọ mpaghara mere ka e guzobe Traininglọ Ọrụ Ọzụzụ Supernatural na Kampala na Jenụwarị, 55. Na mgbakwunye na ọrụ ndị a, Fresh Fire Ministri, nke Bentley na-achị kemgbe 2008 (ụka nke ụlọ ya bụ Global Harvest Center), lekọtara. ihe okike nke Traininglọ Ọrụ Ọzụzụ Supernatural dị na Abbotsford, British Columbia (Hunt 1998b).

Bentley kewapụrụ mkpakọrịta ya na Ignited Church wee pụọ na mmaliteghachi n'okpuru ọnọdụ esemokwu na August 11. Ọ kwetara na ndị ọrụ ya n'August na ya na nwunye ya na-ekewapụ ma gbaa arụkwaghịm na Fresh Fire Minista. Ntughari a gara n'ihu na ndị na-ekwu okwu nleta na Ignited Church ruo na Ọktọba 12, 2008. Fresh Fire Minista wepụtara nkwupụta na-ekwuwapụta na Bentley na-ewepụ oge "iji zuru ike ma zuo ike," na-agbasakwa mgbasa ozi Lakeland na GOD TV. Otu izu ka e mesịrị, GOD TV kwupụtara na Bentley ga-amaliteghachi nzukọ Lakeland, na mgbasa ozi na-aga n'ihu. More mkpughe ndị ọzọ gbasoro ma bipụtara na Fresh Fires web-saịtị: na Todd Bentley abanyela na "mmekọrịta na-adịghị mma" na ọkwa mmetụta uche ya na otu nwanyị nke ndị ọrụ ya, kwenyere ịgbada n'ọkwá ya na Board of Directors, ma kwụsị ozi ọhaneze niile nwa oge ịnata ndụmọdụ na ndụ ya. Site na nkwupụta a, kagburu njem njem mba ụwa Bentley maka atụmatụ maka ebe ndị dị ka Kampala, Malibu, Istanbul na Jerusalem.

Mgbe Chọọchị Igned Church nọgidere na-akpọsa ọrụ mmegharị na-aga n'ihu mgbe October 2008 gasịrị, ọchịchọ ụwa zuru aga agafewo.
Stephen Strader kwuru na Chọọchị Ignited ga-amalite International Apostolic Center na Ignited Network nke ndị ụkọchukwu, haziri iji mee ka ọnụ mmiri ọdọ mmiri dị na Lakeland gbanwee. Onye nkwusa ozioma bụ Hamilton Filmalter nyere Todd Bentley ọrụ. N'izu ole na ole, Hamilton Filmalter chịkọtara otu ìgwè ndị gụnyere Oziọma nke International International nke ndị ozi ala ọma jijiji bụ Reverend Aaron Winter bụ ndị malitere ihe a na-akpọ Portland (Oregon) nke a na September, 2008, nke hụrụ ọtụtụ ihe ngosi nke Mmụọ nke na-ewere ebe dị na Lakeland.

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Ọnụ na Lakeland Outpouring, na ozi nke Todd Bentley karịsịa, bụ isiokwu nke ọtụtụ esemokwu na ịkwa emo. Nweghachi ahụ mere ọtụtụ nkatọ n'etiti ndị òtù ndị Kraịst, dịka ụfọdụ ndị isi jụrụ ma ọ bụ ọbụna ihe kpatara yajụrụ ịbụ eziokwu ya. Na mgbakwunye na nkatọ nke mmekọrịta alụmdi na nwunye ya, ọtụtụ nkatọ nke Bentley sitere na nku nchedo mgbasa ozi. Ihe mgbasa ozi Internetntanet juru ọtụtụ na-ekwusi ike na Bentley bụ onye aghụghọ na usoro ya bụ "nduhie adịgboroja" nke "onye iro" ahụ, Setan kpaliri iji duhie Churchka. Na nzaghachi maka nchegbu e welitere na nlọghachi ahụ, George O. Wood, onye isi nchịkwa nke thelọ Mgbakọ nke Chineke USA, nke Ignited Church bụ onye otu, nyere nkwupụta banyere nlọghachị na June, 2008 (McMullen 2008). Ọ bụ ezie na ekwughị banyere Lakeland, nkwupụta ahụ dọrọ aka ná ntị megide itinye uche na ngosipụta na ọrụ ebube na-adọrọ adọrọ, na-ekwupụta na "Ọrụ ebube anaghị abụ nnwale nke ezigbo mmalite. Ikwusi ike nye Okwu Chineke bu ule ”(Mgbakọ nke Chineke 2008).

A na-azọrọ na enweghị ego, ma ọ bụ ma ọ dịkarịa ala nrigbu. Otu akwụkwọ akụkọ dị na Vancouver kọrọ na Bentley nwere 2007 GMC Sierra na motrị moto 2003 Harley-Davidson. Bentley kwuru na ya ga-egosiputa ego ego ya maka ndị nyocha nke onwe ya (Rhee 2008). Otú ọ dị, arịrịọ maka nkwupụta ego si Magazin Ụwa Ejiri nkwupụta sitere na nzukọ ozi ya kwuo na Bentley "na-arụsi ọrụ ike na-esochi ihe Chineke na-eme" iji nye ozi gbasara ego (Rusty and Warren 2008). N'oge nlọghachị ahụ, ọnụ na-ekwuchitere Bentley kwuru na Bentley gara n'ihu “na-esepụta ụgwọ ọnwa ya, nke ndị ụlọ ọrụ ya debere, n'ọfịs ya na Canada. Ọ bụ obere ụgwọ ma ọ dị na ọnụọgụ ọnụọgụ ise "na Fresh Fire Ministri na-enyocha kwa afọ (Rhee 2008). Na nzaghachi nke ajụjụ gbasara ego, Stephen Strader na Todd Bentley kwuru na ajụjụ ọnụ na Lakeland Revival ejirila onyinye afọ ofufo kwụọ ụgwọ.

Fọdụ ndị na-arụ ụka ekweghị na mbido ahụ dabere na ihe akaebe e gosipụtara maka akaebe ọgwụgwọ na ọdịnaya okwu (Rhee 2008). Ọzọkwa, nkatọ sitere na ụfọdụ omume adịghị mma nke Todd Bentley, nke gụnyere iti mkpu “Bam, Bam!” mgbe ị na-ekpe ekpere maka ndị ọrịa ma na-agba akaebe na ị ga-enwe ọbịbịa ndị mmụọ ozi. Otú ọ dị, nkwenye kachasị na Bentley bụ nke ịkpọlite ​​ndị nwụrụ anwụ (Reed 2008). Enweghi nkwado nke ọgwụgwọ na-agwọ ndị ọrịa site na ụlọ ọrụ mgbasa ozi. Otu ABC Report kwubiri "ọ dịghị otu ọrụ ebube nwere ike ikwenye" ​​(Lake 2008). N'ịgbalị ịkwado ọgwụgwọ ndị a kọrọ na ha, ndị ọrụ Bentley kwuru na ha nabatara ọtụtụ akwụkwọ dịka ndị mmadụ dị njikere inye, gụnyere nkwenye sitere n'aka ndị dọkịta (Rhee 2008).

N'oge ụfọdụ, a katọrọ ọrụ ịgwọ ọrịa nke Lakeland Revival na mgbasa ozi mgbasa ozi na ntanetị ntanetị maka ime ihe ike mgbe ụfọdụ a na-eme ndị so na ya, na ọdịnala nke Smith Wigglesworth, onye na-agwọ ọrịa na onye ọsụ ụzọ mbụ nke Pentikọstal. A maara Todd Bentley n'ike n'ike, kụọ, pịa ma ọ bụ kụọ aka ndị sonyere. N’otu ihe merenụ, e kwuru na otu nwoke kụrụ aka n’ọnụ, ezé ya adapụ. Na nke ọzọ, otu agadi nwanyị ma ụma gbarụọ ihu. Bentley kwenyere na Mmụọ Nsọ duru ya mee ụdị omume a (Lake 208), na-ekwu na e wepụrụ ihe ndị ahụ na-ekwu ma gbakwunye na ọrụ ebube na-eme n'otu oge. Bentley kwuru na ọ bụ otu mgbe kpagbuo nwoke ahụ ike, na ya kụchiri ụkwụ nwanyị “n'elu na gbadata n'elu ikpo okwu dị ka okpu bezel” ruo mgbe a gwọrọ ya n'ụzọ ọrụ ebube. N'otu okwu a na-ekwu, a na-ese ya na fim gwa ndị na-ege ntị, sị: “Mmụọ Nsọ wee gwa m okwu, onyinye nke okwukwe bịakwasịrị m. O kwuru, sị, 'jiri ịnyịnya ígwè gị kụọ ya ihu'. M inched nso na m wee dị ka nke a - bam! Dịkwa ka buut m kpọtụrụ imi ya, ọ dara n'okpuru ike Chineke "(Davies 2012). Maka ụdị ọrụ a Bentley machibidoro ịbanye na UK site na Home Office site na iwu mwepu na 2012.

E guzobere kọmitii nke ndị isi Pentikọstal bụ Rick Joyner, Jack Deere na Bill Johnson ilekọta usoro iweghachi ezinụlọ Bentley n'ụzọ ime mmụọ. Na November, 2008, Board of Fresh Fire kwupụtara na Bentley adịghị edo onwe ya n'okpuru ndụmọdụ ya (Revival Alliance). Na March 9, 2009, Rick Joyner kwupụtara na Bentley lụgharịrị di na nwunye (Grady 2009). Na 2010, Rick Joyner kwupụtara na Bentley mechara "weghachi" na ọ laghachiri na-eme nkwusa na na-eduga ọgụ agha. N’ọnwa Eprel, afọ 2013, Bentley bụ onye kacha bido ibiaghachi na Durban, South Africa. N'ime izu mbụ nke mmalitegharị a, e kwuru na mmadụ 3000 gbanwere, na-akọkwara ọtụtụ ọgwụgwọ na ọrụ ebube.

References

ABC News. 2008. "Ọtụtụ Plock Flock iji Nyochaa na Nchọgharị nke Ọrụ Ebube." Nweta site na http://abcnews.go.com/Nightline/FaithMatters/story?id=5338963&page=1 na 4 October 2009.

Nzukọ nke Chineke USA. 2008. "Nkwupụta na Revival." Nabatara na http://agchurches.org/Sitefiles/Default/RSS/AG.org%20TOP/WoodRevivalStatement.pdf na 19 January 2009.

Bentley, Todd. 2008. Njem na Ọrụ ebube . Shippensburg, PA: Foto nbibi.

Davies, Lizzy. 2012. "Onye na-ekwusa Revivalist bụ Todd Bentley jụrụ ịbanye UK." The Guardian, August 21. Nweta site na http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/aug/21/todd-bentley-refused-entry-to-uk na 23 August 2012.

Grady, J. Lee. 2009. "Nsogbu Ọjọọ nke Greasy Grace."Akwụkwọ bụ Charisma. Nweta site na http://www.charismamag.com/blogs/fire-in-my-bones/3975-the-tragic-scandal-of-greasy-grace na 23 March 2013.

Nchụ nta, Stephen. 2009a. "Revival 'Mgbapụta' nke Florida: 'Mgbaze Na-agbaze' nke Ọgbụgba Oge Ọhụrụ nke Pentikọstal na Eschatology." Pentikọstịs 8: 37-57.

Chụ nta, Stephen 2009b. "Charismatic Revival na Precarious Charisma: Ikpe nke Florida Agwọ 'Expouring'." Nnyocha Australian Studies Review 22: 83-108.

Nchụ nta, Stephen. 1995. “‘ Ngọzi Toronto ’: Asịrị Ndị Mmụọ Ozi.” Akwụkwọ Journal of Contemporary Religion 10: 257-71.

Joyner, Rick.2010. The Call. Akwa Fort, SC: MorningStar Publications.

Joyner, Rick. 1993. Owuwe ihe ubi. Akwa Fort, SC: M OrningStar Publications.

Ọdọ, Thomas. 2008. "Revival Todd Bentley na Ọdọ adọtara 400,000 ma gụọ." St Tampa Bay Timbụ, June 29. Nweta site na http://www.tampabay.com/news/religion/todd-bentleys-revival-in-lakeland-draws-400000-and-counting/651191 na 14 November 2008.

Leonard, Rusty na Cole, Warren. 2008. "Otu Ochie Ochie" http://www.worldmag.com/2008/06/same_old_scam na 17 May 2009.

McMullen, Cary. 2008. "Ntụle Ncheta nke Florida na-echegbu ndị ndú Pentikọstal."The Ledger. Nweta site na http://www.theledger.com/article/20080622/NEWS/806220412 na 17 April 2009.

Poloma, Margaret. 2003. Isi Street Mystics: Ngọzi na Reviving Toronto Pentikọstism. Owuwu Creek, CA: Altimira Press.

Poloma, Margaret na John Green. 2010. Nzukọ nke Chineke: Ịhụnanya Chineke na nkwụghachi nke Pentikọstal Pentikọstal. New York: New York University Press.

Porter, Stanley na Richter, Philip, eds. 1995. Ngọzi Toronto - ka ọ bụ? London: DLT.

Reed, Travis. 2008. "Critical Specifications Florida - na Ọtụtụ puku Ndị Na-eso Ụzọ." Associated Press. Nweta site na http://www.pantagraph.com/lifestyles/faith-and-values/florida-revival-drawing-criticism-and-thousands-of-followers/article_0fe92491-afdd-51ee-9ccf-2f2d39d3b52a.html na 6 June 2009.

Rhee, Alice. 2008. "Revivalist Claims Hundred Healings." MSNBC. Nweta site na http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2008/05/29/4377388-revivalist-claims-hundreds-of-healings na 13 March 2013.

Revival Alliance. 2008. "Nkwupụta Ọha n'ihu Todd Bentley si Revival Alliance." Nweta ya http://www.bjm.org/questions/11/update-what-do-you-think-about-todd-bentley-and-the-lakeland-revival.html?file=regarding-todd-bentley na 26 November 2008.

Shiflettt, David. 2000. "Gold Rush na Ala Ebube." Wall Street Journal, March 31.

Strader, Stephen. 2008. Ọdọ Mmiri nke Lakeland: Akụkọ nke Inside. Windermere, FL: Legacy Media Group.

Wójcik, Krzysztof. 2000. "Edemede na Brownsville, Pensacola." Nke a na-asụgharị site na googletranslate. Nweta site na http://kzgdynia.pl/artykuly/artykuly_przebudzenieBrownsville.html na 9 March 2011.

Ụbọchị Post:
8 August 2013

FLORIDA NA-ECHICHE NDỊ NTIKỌ VIDIO

 

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