Mkpuchi Brownsville

BROWNSVILLE MGBE MGBE

1917: Pensacola First Assembly nke Chineke malitere site na LE na Violet Moore na Pensacola, FL.

1939: EClọ Nzukọ nke Chineke nke Brownsville guzobere site na EC Ward na ezinụlọ ya dịka mpụta nke Pensacola First Assembly na Brownsville, FL.

1982: Rev. John Kilpatrick malitere ozuzu ụka ya na Nzukọ Brownsville.

1993: Usoro ekpere afọ abụọ maka mmaliteghachi nke Kilpatrick duziri malitere na Nzukọ Brownsville.

1995 (June 18): Steve Hill pụtara dị ka ọkà okwu ọbịa na Mgbakọ Brownsville, na-aka akara mmalite nke Mbugharị Brownsville.

1996: Kilpatrick guzobere Minista John Kilpatrick.

1999: Nzukọ nchighari gbadara ka usoro nke otu abali na izu.

2000: Hill hapụrụ Revival ma guzobe Steve Hill Minista na Heartland World Ministries Church na Dallas, TX.

2003: John Kilpatrick gbara arụkwaghịm ụkọchukwu ya na Mgbakọ Brownsville iji gaa n'ihu na-arụ ọrụ na mkpakọrịta mgbasa ozi ya, John Kilpatrick Minista.

2006: John Kilpatrick guzobere Chọọchị nke Ọnụnọ ya na Daphne, AL.

2006: Rev. Dr. Evon G. Horton malitere pastọ ya na Brownsville Assembly of God Church.

2014: (March 9): Steve Hill nwụrụ mgbe ọ gbasịrị mgba na ọrịa kansa.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

Mgbakọ Brownsville, nke e guzobere na 1939 site na EC Ward na ezinụlọ ya, malitere dị ka mpụta nke Pensacola First Assembly nkeChọọchị Chineke, nke LE na Violet Moore hiwere na 1917 (Pensacola First Assembly nke Chineke nd; Wojcik 2000). N’oge gboo ya, a maara Nzukọ Brownsville dịka aslọikwuu Ozi Ọma zuru ezu; chọọchị ahụ gọziri site na pastọ nke Pensacola First Assembly of God Church mgbe a na-akwụ ụgwọ ya (Wojcik 2000).

Brownsville Revival, nke zoro aka na Pensacola Expouring, mere n'ime Nzukọ Brownsville nke Chineke na Pensacola, FL. Site na 1993 ruo 1995 Kilpatrick na ọgbakọ nọ na-ekpe ekpere maka nlọghachị na chọọchị ha (Brownsville Assembly of God nd; Riss 1996). Chọọchị ahụ kọọrọ amụma ndị ọzọ banyere ọbịbịa na-abịanụ. Onye ụkọchukwu nke ụka Yoido Full Gospel Church (Assemblies of God) na Korea kwupụtara na Chineke gwara ya n’afọ 1993 na “aga m eziga mbugharịa n’obodo Pensacola nke dị n’akụkụ mmiri, ọ ga-agbasakwa dị ka ọkụ ruo n’America niile ha erichaala ya ”(Liichow 2007). Otu onye ọbịa nke na-ekwusa ozi ọma kwuru na “Chineke gwara ya ka o sere obere ụlọikwuu n’elu mpempe akwụkwọ. Oge ahụ ọ ga-egosipụta n'akụkụ anọ ndị a: ọdịda anyanwụ, ọ ga-ede okwu ndị a 'Street Asuza'; N'ebe ọwụwa anyanwụ, 'Cleveland Tennessee'; n'ebe ugwu, 'Toronto'; n'ebe ndịda 'Pensacola'. Nke a bụ igosi 'obe ime mmụọ' gafee America nke Chineke ga-esi wụpụ Mmụọ Ya ”(Dager 1997).

A na-ekwenyekarị na Revival malitere n'oge okwuchukwu nke onye nkwusa ozioma Steve Hill na Father'sbọchị Nna, June 18, 1995 (Riss 1996). A gwara Hill na mbụ ka o kwusaa ozi ọma n'oge mgbede Satọdee mana Kilpatrick mechara gwa ya ka o kwuo n'oge ọrụ ụtụtụ Sọnde bụ ebe akụkọ mmalite mmalite ya malitere (Riss 1996). Ihe ndekọ akụkọ gọọmentị nke ihe mere n'ụtụtụ ahụ bụ na "Ihe karịrị mmadụ 1000 bịara n'ekpere n'ụtụtụ ahụ, Kilpatrick guzoro n'elu ikpo okwu na-ekpe ekpere na Hill na nwoke ọzọ mgbe ọ nụrụ na mberede ụda dịka" oke ifufe na-efesi ike "na-azara ya n'aka nri ya ubu. Ka Kilpatrick lepụrụ anya n’elu ubu ya, ọ sịrị na nkwonkwo ụkwụ ya abụọ, ikpere ya nile hulatara, na “osimiri nke ebube nke Chineke” na mberede gafere n’etiti ụkwụ ya. Ọ sịrị: “Ọ dị m ka ogwe osisi telifon. Otu ogwe osisi na-adịghị agwụ agwụ na-abịa n'ụkwụ m, ọ na-abịakwa na chọọchị. ” Site n'enyemaka nke nwoke ọzọ nọ n'elu ikpo okwu, Kilpatrick lara azụ wee gee ntị na "oke ifufe na-efesi ike" yana ihe ọ kọwara dị ka "osimiri nke ebube Chineke" ka ọ banyere n'ime ụka. Na mberede, ọ wuru n’elu ikpo okwu wee tie mkpu sị, “Chukwu m, ụka, bata! Nke a bụ ya! Nke a bụ ihe anyị na-ekpe n’ekpere! Banye!" (Costella 1997).

Ọzọkwa, ụfọdụ ndị bịara ụka na ọrụ ụbọchị ụka (Riss 1996) nwere ahụmahụ nke mmụọ nke Onyenwe anyị. Ọrụ ahụ malitere na njedebe nke ehihie mana emesịrị gbasaa ruo etiti ehihie. Otu onye so na ụbọchị ahụ kwuru na ka Hill bidoro ikpe ekpere maka ndị bịara ịgbanwe, “ụdị ihe niile malitere ime. Ndị mmadụ na-ada mba na ndị mmadụ ka a na-ejere ha ozi, ihe ọzọ anyị ga-amata bụ elekere anọ nke ehihie ”(Reeves 4). A kọrọ na ike nke Chineke metụrụ Kilpatrick aka n'ụzọ anụ ahụ nke na ọ kpọnwụrụ ruo ọtụtụ awa n'oge ọrụ ahụ na enweghị ike ịrụ ọrụ ọ bụla maka izu abụọ na-esote, na-abụkarị ndị otu ụka ọzọ ga-eburu ya laa n'ụlọ ya (Riss 2012) ). N'isochi ọrụ ụbọchị ụka ahụ, chọọchị ahụ gwara Hill ka ọ gbatịkwuo oge ọ nọrọ, Hill wee kagbuo nhọpụta ọ na-abịanụ, gụnyere njem Russia.

Okwu gbasara ngwa ngwa banyere ngosipụta na Revival ahụ, na ịga nzukọ Brownsville mụbara nke ukwuu ka ndị ọbịa si na ụka dị iche iche, steeti, na mba dị iche iche na-enubata na Revival. N'ime izu abụọ mbụ nke Revival ahụ ihe dịka ndị 10,000 bịara ọrụ, na njedebe nke July, 1995 Revival na-adọta ndị ọbịa 4,000 n'abalị ọ bụla (Riss 1996). Revival ahụ nwere ọganihu ruo ọtụtụ afọ, mana site na 1999 Revival na-ebelata ka usoro otu abalị-kwa-izu. Mbelata ahụ dabara na arụkwaghịm nke Kilpatrick na Hill, bido na 2000. Nzukọ Brownsville nke Chukwu gara n'ihu dị ka ọgbakọ dị na mpaghara na Rev. Dr. Evon G. Horton na-ewere pastorate na 2006. Steve Hill nwụrụ na 2014 mgbe ọ gbasasịrị mgba na kansa.

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

Nzukọ nke Brownsville Assembly nke Chineke bụ Pentikọstal, na-ekwusi ike nkwenkwe anọ: nzọpụta, ịgwọ mmiri, ọbịbịa nke abụọ, na baptism na Mmụọ Nsọ (Nzukọ nke Chineke USA 2011a). Nkọwa maka nzọpụta bụ nnabata nke Chukwu n'ime ndụ mmadụ na ịnabata nmehie mmadụ. Baptizim na Mmụọ Nsọ, bụ isi ihe dị na Pentikọstal, bụ nke a kọwara dị ka ihe na-eme mgbe mmadụ nwetasịrị nzọpụta mgbe mmadụ jupụtara na Mmụọ nke Onyenwe anyị, na-ebute mmetụta nke mmezu dị elu na ịbịaru Chineke nso (Mgbakọ nke Chineke USA 2011a). Ozugbo emere ha baptism na Mo Nso, Mo Nso puru igosiputa onwe ya site na onye neme ya dika onyinye nke Mo dika okwu asusu di iche iche na ibu amuma. Revival gosipụtara nkwenkwe bụ isi nke Nzukọ Chineke, na-elekwasị anya na nzọpụta nke mkpụrụ obi na Baptizim na Mmụọ Nsọ.

RITUALS / PRACTICES

Typicaldị ọrụ ndị a na-ahụkarị n'ime Brownsville Revival bidoro site na ịbụ abụ, sochiri ya; Ndị ụka ga-abịaru ebe ịchụàjà ahụ ka a zọpụta ha, kpuchie ha, ma nata Mmụọ Nsọ (Riss 1996). Ngosipụta nke mmụọ nke anụ ahụ (nke a na-akpọkwa dị ka ndị 'e gburu na Mmụọ Nsọ') ghọrọ ihe akaebe nye ndị na-efe ofufe na mmụọ Chineke adakwasịla ha. Nkwenkwe Pentikọstal Ọdịdị nke Nzukọ Brownsville enyelarị ohere maka onyinye dị nsọ dịka ịsụ asụsụ dị iche iche. Otú ọ dị, ngosipụta ndị ọzọ na Brownsville Revival gụnyere ịma jijiji na ịmị ahụ, ịkwa ákwá, ịchị ọchị na-adịghị egbochi, ahụ mkpọnwụ nke ahụ na ọbụna oge dị mkpirikpi nke amaghị ama (Riss 1996). Enwere ike ibunye ndị kwere ekwe onyinye ndị a site na imetụ aka (“nketa”). Hill natara onyinye site na Ngọzi Toronto na otu mpụta, Holy Trinity Brompton Church na United Kingdom. Na Nkume ahụ, Hill, Kilpatrick, ma ọ bụ ndị otu ekpere na-emetụ ya aka. N'ọnọdụ ụfọdụ “… ọtụtụ, mgbe ha na-enweta onyinye, na-abanye n'ógbè eluigwe ma nwee ọhụụ nke ndị mmụọ ozi" (Dager 1997). Ndị so na Revival ahụ kọkwara ahụmịhe ịgwọ ọrịa n'ụzọ ọrụ ebube, alụmdi na nwunye echekwara, mgbanwe na usoro mmekọahụ, na mgbake site na ị addictionụ ọgwụ ọjọọ. Richard Riss, onye otu kansụl na Brownsville Assembly n'oge Revival, weghaara ọdịdị dị egwu nke ngosipụta anụ ahụ nke Mmụọ Nsọ: “Mgbe o metụrụ m aka ọ dịka ọkụ ọgbụgba tụrụ m! Egburu ndi mmadu n’ime Mo Nso n’ebe nile. Fọdụ ndị na-ama jijiji, ụfọdụ nọ na-akwa ákwá, ma ụfọdụ dina ka dina. Ọ bụghị mmadụ niile dara, mana ebe ahụ dị ka ọgbọ agha ”(1996).

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

Nzukọ Chineke nke Brownsville dara n'okpuru ọchịchị nke General Council of Assemblies of God (USA), nke bụ otu n'ime ụka ụka Pentikọstal kachasị na United States (Mgbakọ nke Chineke USA 2011b). Tupu Revival ahụ, Nzukọ Chineke nke Brownsville nwere ọgbakọ na-agụ n'okpuru 2,100 (Riss 1996). N'ime ọnwa abụọ ndị mmadụ 80,000 gara Revival ahụ, yana ihe dịka 4,000 na-aga ọrụ abalị (Riss 1996). Enwere ndị ọbịa dị ogologo na-eche ụbọchị niile maka ebe a ga-eme ọrụ mgbede. Ọrụ n'oge Brownsville Revival na-agbatị ogologo oge karịa ọrụ ụka, na-akwụsị ọtụtụ mgbe etiti abalị mana ụfọdụ na-abanye n'ime ụtụtụ. Chọọchị ahụ zụrụ ala ọzọ, wuo ebe nsọ dị 2,200, tinyekwa ebe nsọ nke 2,600 nke abụọ iji kwado iju mmiri nke ndị ọbịa (Reeves 2012).

O yiri ka Revival ahụ ruru ihe dị ka afọ atọ mgbe ọ malitere ma malite ịda. Revival enwekwaghị oge ọ bụla site na 2000, ọ bụ ezie na nzukọ Brownsville ka na-anabatakwa ndị ọbịa nwere mmasị na Revival dịka mbubreyo 2003 (Pensacola First Assembly of God nd). Ka o sina dị, a na-eme atụmatụ na site na afọ 2000 ọ dịkarịa ala nde mmadụ anọ sitere na mba 150 gara leta Brownsville Assembly iji sonye na Revival (Heartland World Ministries Church 2011). Mgbe Revival kwụsịrị, ọgbakọ Brownsville Assembly Assembly ghọghachiri nzukọ nke ọgbakọ Chineke nke na-erughị 400 (Grady 2005).

A mụrụ Steve Hill na Ankara, Turkey na 1954. Dị ka akụkọ banyere hagiographic, ọrụ Hill dị ka onye nkwusa ozioma malitere na 1975 na mbido akụkọ ihe mere eme ya banyere ọgwụ ọjọọ (Hill 1995). Ọ kọọrọ na ihe na-eme ya mgbe ụnụ malitere ịrịọ Jizọs arịrịọ. Mkparịta ụka ahụ kwụsịrị ozugbo ma rara ndụ ya nye ọrụ ozi ala ọzọ ma gbasaa okwu Jizọs Kraịst (Heartland World Ministries Church 2011). Kilpatrick ewerela pastọ ya na Mgbakọ Brownsville na 1982, ọ bụkwa onye isi ụkọchukwu nke Nzukọ Brownsville mgbe Revival malitere na 1995 (Brownsville Assembly of God nd; Riss 1996). Ndị isi ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị ọzọ na Brownsville Revival gụnyere Lindell Cooley, onye nduzi ofufe nke Brownville Assembly n'oge Revival na Michael Brown, onye guzobere Brownsville Revival School of Ministry.

Ndi otu ndi ndu nke Revival nogidere n’ebe di otutu aro. Na 1996, dịka npụta nke Revival, Kilpatrick guzobere ndị ọrụ John Kilpatrick na ebumnuche nke ịnye nghọta, nduzi na akụrụngwa gbasara mmalite maka ndị ozi ndị ọzọ (John Kilpatrick Minista 2011). Na 2000, Steve Hill hapụrụ ọnọdụ ya dị ka onye nkwusa ozioma maka Revival iji guzobe Steve Hill Minista na Heartland World Ministries Church na Dallas (Heartland World Ministries Church 2011). Mgbe afọ 22 gasịrị nke pastọ na Brownsville Assembly, Kilpatrick gbara arụkwaghịm n'ọnọdụ ya na 2003 iji nyekwuo oge na John Kilpatrick Minista (John Kilpatrick Minista 2011; Pensacola First Assembly of God nd). Na 2006, Kilpatrick guzobere Chọọchị nke Ọnụnọ ya na Daphne, AL (Chọọchị nke Ọnụnọ 2011).

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Mkpuchi Brownsville bụ otu n'ime mbugharị kachasị ogologo na United States, na-asọ mpi ọhụụ Azusa Street Revival na Lost Angeles, nke gbasara afọ itoolu site na 1906-1915. Ọ dị ịtụnanya n'ihe banyere ogo na obosara ya, yana ọtụtụ nde ndị ọbịa na ihe karịrị mba 100 nọchitere anya ya. Ọtụtụ ụka ndị ọzọ nke ụka dị iche iche na-egosipụta ọrụ mbugharị nke ha mgbe Brownsville gasịrị. Ọ bụ ezie na nnukwu ewu ewu, mmalite ahụ enwetawo mmegide site n'ọtụtụ isi: ndị otu ogologo oge nke nzukọ Brownsville of God Church, ndị otu Kristi na-achọghị mgbanwe, na isi mmalite mgbasa ozi dị iche iche.

Slọ Nzukọ Brownsville nke Chineke nwere ihe karịrị afọ iri ise dị ka ụka Pensacola dị na mpaghara tupu Revival. Mkpalite ahụ mechiri ụka ahụ na ndị otu ọhụụ na ndị ọbịa, na-ebute mmegide sitere n'aka ndị otu nọ ogologo oge. A na-eme atụmatụ na ihe ruru 800 Ndị otu Brownsville Assembly hapụrụ ụka n'agbata 1995 na 1997 dị ka nsonaazụ nke omume Revival (Crann 1997b). Ndị na-agụ akwụkwọ kọrọ na ha nwere nrụgide nke isonye na Revival ahụ ma rara ya nye n'aka Kilpatrick. Ha kwuru na a jụrụ ha mgbe ha gosipụtara nchegbu banyere enweghị okwu nkuzi nke Akwụkwọ Nsọ, ụfọdụ kwuru na ha adabala na nrụgide ndị ọgbọ site na ime ka e gburu ha na Mmụọ Nsọ. Otutu n'ime ndi otu a ahoro ichoputa amaghi onwe ha karia ikwuputa nchegbu ha n'ihu ọha (Crann 1997b).

Ndị obodo ozioma zaghachikwara n'ụzọ dị oke egwu na Revival. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, na "Revival Revival" onye ndu ụka Hank Hanegraff (1997) dere na "examination nyocha nke mbugharị ahụ na-ekpughe nnukwu agbagọ nke Akwụkwọ Nsọ nke Akwụkwọ Nsọ, na-ekwubi na mmegharị ahụ bụ naanị ntiwapụ kachasị ọhụrụ na ogologo oge nke Revival Revival. Ihe njiri mara ya nke ukwuu site na ahụmịhe nke anụ ahụ na-emegide nnwale ebumnuche maka eziokwu, omume ime mmụọ ndị na-esiteghị na Baibul, ịgbagọ Akwụkwọ Nsọ, na nkwupụta ụgha na ikwubiga okwu ókè, Pensacola Expouring na-eyi ọtụtụ ndị kwere ekwe egwu ma na-egosi ụwa ụdịrị nke Iso Christianityzọ Kraịst rụrụ arụ. ”

Usoro nkatọ kachasị nke Brownsville Revival sitere na akwụkwọ akụkọ mpaghara, the Pensacola News Journal, nke mere ogologo nyocha banyere Revival ma bipụta usoro isiokwu nke mmeri. Ọ bụ ezie na akwụkwọ akụkọ ahụ ebu ụzọ kọọ akụkọ ọma banyere Revival, usoro nke mechara na-agbasasị na nyocha ya. Isiokwu dị iche iche kwusiri ike na akụkọ banyere akụkọ ndụ Hill, bụ nke guzobere ihe ndabere maka onye ndu ya, jupụtara na mmegiderịta (Allman 1997). Ọzọkwa, akwụkwọ akụkọ ahụ kọwara ihe omume izizi na ụka dị ka nke "ahaziri aha," na-arịba ama na ndị isi ụka na-eme atụmatụ maka mbịaghachi maka afọ abụọ, ndị isi nke Brownsville Assembly of God gara aga na Toronto Blessing ebe otu ụdị ọrịa ahụ nọ na-aga n'ihu , e gosiwo ọgbakọ ahụ vidio nke ngosipụta ihe ime mmụọ na Ngọzi Toronto, na onye na-ezisa ozi ọma bụ́ Rodney Howard-Browne (onye ya na Toronto Blessing nọ) pụtara na chọọchị ahụ tupu Revival ahụ. Nke kachasị mkpa bụ na e meela vidio vidiyo nke ọrụ izizi ahụ, na ụbọchị ahụ Hill kwupụtara na oke ifufe fefere chọọchị ahụ “vidiyo na nkwupụta nke ọtụtụ ndị nọ ebe ahụ na-egosi na ọ nweghị ụdị ihe ahụ mere na ọgbakọ niile enweghi oke ike ”(Crann 1997a). Ihe ngosi mgbasa ozi nwere nyocha yiri nke ahụ (Dager 1997). N'ikpeazụ, e nwere ebubo na Hill na Kilpatrick ejirila aka ha nweta ego site na nlọghachi ahụ na akụkọ banyere ọgwụgwọ ọrụ ebube na Revival bụ ndị a na-enweghị atụ (Blair 1997).

Chọọchị ahụ bipụtara mweghachi na-agbachitere usoro usoro akwụkwọ akụkọ (Apologetics Research Team 1997), na-agbagha ebubo ọ bụla. Otú ọ dị, ọ dịkarịa ala ụfọdụ n'ime ebubo ndị ahụ kwadoro n'onwe ya. Dị ka ihe atụ, o kwetara na ya mere “mkpesa” banyere ụfọdụ akụkụ nke akụkọ ihe mere eme ya. O kwuru na “Anaghị m akpọ onwe m onye nzuzu. Ana m akpọ onwe m onye ọgwụ ọjọọ riri ahụ H .Heroin riri ahụ nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu n'ahụ ndị mmadụ mgbe ha nụrụ ya "(Allman 1997). Enweghi nkwekorita dika ya na akuko omuma ya, oru ya, na njide ya, ufodu o kwenyere.

Esemokwu gbara gburugburu Brownsville Revival na-egosi na ọ nwere ntakịrị mmetụta na ngbasapụ nkwado na mpaghara ọgbakọ ozioma. Mkparịta ụka nke ọha na-agbasasị ka ihe omume ahụ malitere ịkwụsị ike na njedebe nke 1990s. Hill na Kilpatrick abụọ gara n'ihu guzobe minista dị iche iche, ọ bụ ezie na ọ nweghị mmetụta nke Revival Brownsville. N'agbanyeghị akụkọ banyere esemokwu ya, ya mere, Brownsville Revival na-ekwusi ike dịka otu n'ime mkpalite mbugharị kachasị ogologo na narị afọ nke iri abụọ.

Ihe ka mkpa maka nlanarị nke Brownsville Assembly nke Chineke, ngbanwe nke mmalite ahụ butere nnukwu nsogbu ego maka ụka. Nzukọ Brownsville nwetara ihe karịrị nde dollar iri ụgwọ site na oge nlọghachi mgbe ọ na-azụ ala ma na-agbakwunye ndị ọrụ na ụlọ. Site na ndị otu belatara na narị ole na ole, ụka na-agba mbọ ugbu a ịnagide nnukwu ụgwọ site na mbenata ndị ọrụ, ire ihe onwunwe, na ịchọta ego iji kwado ụlọ ọrụ ndị fọdụrụ (Reeves 2012).

References

Allman, John. 1997. "Ugwu nke Bio nke jupụtara na ndagwurugwu: Onye ndu ndu Revival kwetara na ọ gbanye akụkọ." Pensacola News Journal 18 Nọvemba. Nweta na http://www.rickross.com/reference/brownsville/brownsville12.html na 28 November 2011.

Otu Njikọ Apologetics. 1997. "Official Brownsville Nzaghachi Pensacola News Journal Isiokwu." Ednweta na http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/breaking.html na 25 November 2011.

Mgbakọ nke Chineke USA. 2011a. “Nkwenkwe Ndị Bụ́ Isi Anyị.” Nweta site na http://ag.org/top/Beliefs/Our_Core_Doctrines/index.cfm na 31 October 2011.

Mgbakọ nke Chineke USA. 2011b. “Akụkọ ihe mere eme.” Nweta site na http://ag.org/top/About/History/index.cfm na 31 October 2011.

Blair, Kimberly. 1997. Enweghị Ọgwụ Ahụ Ike nke 'Ọgwụgwọ Ebube: Chọọchị anaghị edekọ ihe.' Pensacola Akwụkwọ akụkọ. 20 Nọvemba. Nweta na http://web.archive.org/web/20080607174620/http://www.intotruth.org/brn/nov20-04.htm na 28 November 2011.

Nzukọ nke Brownsville nke Chineke. nd “Banyere peeji.” Nweta site na http://brownsvilleag.org/about/history/?view=mobile na 27 October 2011.

Chọọchị nke Ọnụnọ Ya. 2011. “Ọhụrụ? Peeji. ” Nweta site na http: www.churchofhispresence.org/new.php na 27 October 2011.

Costella, Mat. 1997. "Nchọpụta nke Brownsville Pensacola: Osimiri nke Revival ma ọ bụ Pandemonium?" Ntọala Foundation. Machị / Eprel. Ednweta na http://balaams-ass.com/journal/warnings/bvcostel.htm on 1 December 2011.

Crann, Alice. 1997a. "Pastọ Orchestrated Akpa Revival." Akwụkwọ akụkọ Pensacola News. 19 Nọvemba. Nweta na http://web.archive.org/web/20080607174609/http://www.intotruth.org/brn/nov19_01.htm na 1 December 2011.

Crann, Alice. 1997b. "Mwute, ụjọ juputara na ndị otu hapụrụ Brownsville: ofufe ghọrọ ihe ịtụnanya, na-atụ ụjọ." Akwụkwọ akụkọ Pensacola News, November 17. Nweta site na http://www.rickross.com/reference/brownsville/brownsville26.html na 27 October 2011.

Dager, Albert. 2007. "Pensacola: Revival ma ọ bụ Reveling?" Ihe ngosi mgbasa ozi. Nweta na http://www.mediaspotlight.org/pdfs/PENSACOLA.pdf na 1 December 2011.

Grady, J. Lee. 2005. "Gịnị mere ọkụ Brownsville?" Akwụkwọ akụkọ Charisma. Nweta site na http://www.fireinmybones.com/Columns/051906.html on 27 October 2011.

Hanegraff, Hank. 1997. “Refev Revival.” Akwụkwọ bụ Christian Research, Nọvemba-Disemba. Nweta http://journal.equip.org/articles/the-counterfeit-revival-part-3- na 28 November 2011.

Chọọchị Ọchịchị Worldland. 2011. “Banyere ndị ọrụ anyị na peeji nke.” Nweta site na http://heartlandfamily.com/about/our-staff.html on 27 October 2011.

Ugwu, Steve. 1995. Nkume Oyi, Mbipụta nke atọ. Anyị na Akwụkwọ Owuwe Ihe Ubi.

John Kilpatrick Minista. 2011. “Banyere peeji.” Nweta site na http: www.johnkilpatrick.org/about.php na 27 Ọktọba 2011.

Liichow, Robert. 2007. “Lee, Anyị Ga-aga Ọzọ.” Eziokwu Akwụkwọ Akụkọ. 12: 5 (Mee). Nweta site na http://discernmentministriesinternational.wordpress.com/2009/10/25/here-we-go-again/ na 1 December 2011.

Mgbakọ mbụ nke Pensacola nke Chineke. nd “Banyere peeji.” Nweta site na http://pensacolafirstassemblyofgod.com/about-us.html na 27 October 2011.

Reeves, Jay. 2012. "Enterprise: Chọọchị nke Famed Revival Nsogbu." Associated Press, Machị 30, 2012. Nweta site na http://www.greenwichtime.com/news/article/AP-Enterprise-Church-of-famed-revival-struggles-3446240.php#ixzz1qtJ4oePq na 7 Eprel 2012.

Riss, M. Richard. 1996. "Akụkọ banyere Revival nke 1992-1995: Pensacola, Florida." 21 Nọvemba, 1996. Nweta site na http://www.grmi.org/Richard_Riss/history/pensacola.html na 27 October 2011.

Wójcik, Krzysztof. 2000. "Nkulite na Brownsville, Pensacola" Tụgharịrị site na googletranslate. Nweta site na http://kzgdynia.pl/artykuly/artykuly_przebudzenieBrownsville.html na October 27, 2011.

AKWỤKWỌ:
Amanda Tellefsen, Virginia Commonwealth University
David G. Bromley, Virginia Commonwealth University

Ụbọchị Post:
10 December 2011

mmelite:
7 Eprel 2012
19 March 2014

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