Benny Hinn ministri

NDỊ NA-AGBANYA NDỊ ỌZỌ

1952 (Disemba 3): A mụrụ Toufik Benedictus (Benny) Hinn na Jaffa, Israel.

1968: Mgbe agha Arab na Israel gasịrị, ezinụlọ Hinn kwagara Toronto, Canada.

1972 (February): Hinn nwere ahụmahụ ngbanwe nke mere o ji bụrụ onye a mụrụ ọzọ.

1973 (Disemba): Hinn gara ọrụ ọgwụgwọ nke Kathryn Kuhlman duziri na Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1979: Hinn kwagara Orlando, Florida, ebe o zutere ma lụọ Suzanne Harthern, nwa nwanyị nke onye pastọ mpaghara, na August 4 nke otu afọ ahụ.

1983: Hinn guzobere Orlando Christian Center

1989: Hinn nwere ọrụ nlekọta okwukwe mbụ ya na mba ya na Flint, Michigan.

1990: Ihe omume telivishọn nke Hinn, "Nke a bụ ụbọchị gị," malitere ikuku kwa ụbọchị na Trinity Broadcasting Network.

1993 (Machị 2): Ozi Hinn nwere nyocha mbụ ya, nke Inside Edition duziri, na-enyocha izi ezi nke ike ọgwụgwọ Hinn yana ebubo gbasara iji ego eme ihe na-ezighi ezi.

1993: Ole Anthony gara Orlando ka ya na Hinn gbaa ajụjụ ọnụ, bụ mgbe ọ vowedụrụ iyi iji nyocha ahụike na ịchọpụta ọrụ ebube niile tupu ya ebute ha na telivishọn.

1994 (June 10): Hinn "gwọọ" ọkachamara na onye ọkaibe World Heavyweight onye ọkpọ ọkpọ Evander Holyfield nke ọnọdụ obi.

1999: Hinn nyefere chọọchị ya, ebe ọ bụ na aha ya bụ World Outreach Center, nye Clint Brown wee kwaga Grapevine, Texas.

2001 (Eprel): HBO wepụtara nyocha nke Hinn nke isiokwu ya Ajụjụ nke Ọrụ Ebube .

2004 (November):  Ala nke ise weputara otu akwukwo akpọrọ "Ikwere na Ọrụ Ebube," na-ekpughe iji ego eme ihe n'ụzọ zuru oke yana usoro ịgwọ ọrịa dị egwu n'ime ozi Hinn.

2007 (February 13-15): Hinn nwere nnukwu ọrụ ịgwọ okwukwe okwukwe na akụkọ ntolite, "Ememe Ngọzi," na Mumbai, India.

2007 (November 6): US Senator Chuck Grassley kwupụtara nyocha nke ndị televangelist isii, gụnyere Benny Hinn, site na Kọmitii Senate nke United States na Ego.

2010 (February 1): Benny Hinn na nwunye Suzanne gbara akwụkwọ ịgba alụkwaghịm, na-ekwu maka "esemokwu na-enweghị atụ."

2013 (March 3): Benny na Suzanne lụgharịrị na Holy Land Experience Church dị na Orlando, Florida.

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

A mụrụ Toufik Benedictus Hinn na December 3, 1952 na Jaffa, Israel, obodo dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri dị na Tel Aviv nke oge a, nye nna Grik na nne Armenia. Dị ka akụkọ gbasara onwe ya, na-azụlite na omenala Orthodox Greek, ọ zara "Benny" site n'oge ọ bụ nwata n'ihi nkasi obi na-enwe aha mbụ Arabic. Ọ bụ ezie na ọ bụ obere ihe a maara site na nwata, ọ nwere edere na agbanyeghị na enwere nsogbu oke okwu n'oge nwata, nke kewapụrụ ya na mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya, ọ nwere ike ịme nke ọma na agụmakwụkwọ na kọleji elementrị College de Frere na Jaffa. Mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na anọ, n'oge na-adịghị anya mgbe Agha Arab-Israel nke 1967 (nke a makwaara dị ka Agha Sixbọchị isii) ya, ndị mụrụ ya, na ụmụnne ya asaa kwagara Canada, ma biri na Toronto. Mgbe Benny na-aga ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị Georges Vanier nke dị nnọọ n'akụkụ ugwu nke obodo ahụ, Benny sonyeere n'òtù okpukpe nke kụrụ mkpụrụ nke ọrụ ozi ọma ya. Ga nzukọ nzukọ mgbe niile, ebe ọ na-akuzi ozioma oge ụfọdụ. Hinn “nyefere obi ya na ndụ ya n’aka Jizọs Kraịst,” bụrụ onye Kraịst amụrụ ọzọ na Febụwarị nke 1972. Ndị mụrụ ya tụrụ egwu na ọ na-abụ “onye ofufe,” ọkachasị mgbe ọ kwụsịrị ịga ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị n’otu afọ (“Ihe” nd ). N'oge na-adịghị anya mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, Hinn nwere ahụmahụ abụọ mgbanwe ọzọ; nke mbụ mere mgbe ọ sịrị na Chineke natara arịrịọ ya ka o kwusawa Oziọma. Nke abụọ mere na Disemba nke 1973 n'oge njem na Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania ebe ọ gara ọrụ ọgwụgwọ nke Kathryn Kuhlman duziri. Hinn na-ekwu na mgbe ọ na-agagharị agagharị, e kenyere ya inyere otu nwanyị katarala ahụ aka na-arịa ọrịa ogbu na nkwonkwo, bụ onye, ​​n'anya ya, “ihe mgbu niile n'ụkwụ ya na 'untwist [ed]', dị ka o kwuru (Bloom 2003: 3) . N’icheta ahụmịhe a, Hinn kwenyere mmetụta Kuhlman na-eduga yaokwukwe na-agwọ ọrịa. Ọ ga-emesị gụọ akwụkwọ a kpọrọ aha Kathryn Kuhlman: Ime mmụọ ya na mmetụta ya na Ndụ m, gosipụtara mmụọ nsọ pụtakwara n'otú o si nakwere usoro ndị a na-eji eme ihe n'ọrụ ya, dị ka “omume ya 'igbu mmụọ na' iji 'okwu ihe ọmụma,' nke Hinn na-ejikarị eme ihe." Hinn ekwuola na Kuhlman “apụtawo n’ihu ili ya ka o wee nye ya agbamume na ntụzi aka nke minista,” ọ bụ ezie na ọ hụghị ya anya, ndị makwaara ọrụ nke ndị na-agwọ ọrịa abụọ ahụ achọpụtala otu ụzọ ha si ekwu okwu , ọnụnọ nke oge, na ọbụna ịhọrọ uwe mwụda (Peters 2009: 1). Mgbe ọ laghachiri na ebumnuche doro anya, Hinn malitere ikwusa ozi ọma na mmemme telivishọn mpaghara. Ihe ịga nke ọma nke mmemme ahụ dugara ya ịgbasa nkuzi ya na Orlando, Florida ("You Kwere na Ọrụ Ebube" 2004).

Hinn kwagara na Orlando 1979, ebe o zutere Suzanne Harthern, nwa nwanyị nke onye ụkọchukwu obodo, ha abụọ lụrụ na August 4 nke otu afọ ahụ. Ọ hiwere Orlando Christian Center na 1983; ọ mepụtara ma nụchaa nhazi nke ọrụ "ọgwụgwọ na-agwọ ọrịa" nke onwe ya, na-akpali ya ịmara mba ụwa. N'ime afọ iri nile, ozi Hinn na-eto eto nwayọọ nwayọọ. Ọ malitere iduzi ọrụ n'ebe dị iche iche gburugburu ụwa, mechaa mee njem nlegharị anya nke ọ kpọrọ "ọrụ ebube ọgụ" (Bloom 2003: 4). Ọrụ izizi ya na televishọn nke mba izipụtara na 1989 si Flint, Michigan, nke ọganiihu nke mere ka ihe ngosi onyonyo, "Nke a bụ ụbọchị gị," nke na-egosipụtakarị, na mgbakwunye na ịgụ na ịzaghachi akwụkwọ ozi ndị na-ekiri, isi ihe si Ọrụ ebube nke Hinn (Peters 2009). Site na oge ọ gafere onye isi nke Orlando Christian Center (ebe akpọgharịrị Ụlọ Ọrụ Ntaneti Ụwa) na Clint Brown na 1999, ihe ịga nke ọma nke "Ụbọchị A Bụ Ụbọchị Gị," tinyere akwụkwọ nke akwụkwọ ya, Ezi ụtụtụ, Mmụọ Nsọ (1990), mere ka Hinn kwadoo mmuta nke a na-enwetụbeghị ụdị ya. N'ebe ozo na-aga n'ihu na-aga n'ihu, ọ ga-emejupụta ámá egwuregwu na ụlọ mgbakọ ndị nwere ike ijide ọtụtụ puku ndị kwere ekwe na ndị na-ekwenye ekwenye, mgbe ụfọdụ ọtụtụ ugboro n'ụbọchị.

Hinn amalitelakwa ịdọrọ uche na nkwado nke ndị a ma ama. Otu n'ime ndị a bụbu onye ọkpọ ọkpọ ọkpọ World Heavyweight Championship Evander Holyfield, onye gara otu n'ime ọrụ Hinn na Philadelphia, Florida, na-achọ ọgwụgwọ maka ọrịa obi achọpụtara na nso nso a nke tinyela ọrụ ya n'ihe egwu. Na ọrụ ahụ, nke emere na June 10, 1994, a kpọrọ Holyfield na ikpo okwu. Mgbe Holyfield kọwachara ọdịdị nke ọgba aghara ya, a kọrọ na Hinn bikwasịrị ya aka ya na, “na anya nke ọtụtụ puku mmadụ nọ na-ege ntị, kpụrụ isi ya ma gwa Evander na obi adịghị ya "(" Ị gwọrọ ... "2011). N'oge na-adịghị anya mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, Holyfield nwere usoro nyocha dịgasị iche iche na Ụlọ Ọgwụ Mayo, bụ nke kpebiri na kama ịbụ na a mụrụ ya na obi obi, nsogbu ahụ sitere na ọgwụ na-ekwesịghị ekwesị na-agbaso agha ikpeazụ ya, mana na ọ bụ ọrụ ebube nke o nwere dị ndụ ma gwọọ ya ngwa ngwa. Holyfield mechara weghachite ministri Benny Hinn na ego maka $ 265,000, o kwuchitekwara nkwado nke Hinn n'ọtụtụ oge.

Mgbe Hinn gbara arụkwaghịm dịka onye isi nke World Outreach Center na 1999, ya na ezinụlọ ya kwagara Grapevine, Texas. Na February 1, 2010, Hinn na nwunye ya, Suzanne gbara akwụkwọ maka ịgba alụkwaghịm, na-ekwu maka “esemokwu ndị a na-apụghị idozi” Kaosinadị, mgbe ezukọtara na nnọkọ ezinaụlọ na 2011, di na nwunye ahụ malitere idozi nghọtahie ha, ha abụọ lụgharịrị na Holy Land Experience Church dị na Orlando, Florida na Machị 3, 2013. Ha biri na Southern California, “atụmatụ dị nso ụlọ ọrụ telivishọn nwere ụlọ ọrụ na chọọchị dị na Aliso Viejo ”(“ Benny Hinn Author Profile ”nd).

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

Ozizi Benny Hinn na-ekwupụta na ozi ya bụ nke na-esiteghị na ndị otu dị iche iche nke Ndị Kraịst. Hunt (2000a: 74) na-akọwa ministri nke Hinn dị ka ihe mejupụtara "ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ" mmegharị n'ime mmegharị 'ma nwee ụdị onwe ha na ụkpụrụ ha, nkwenkwe na omume nke ihe atụ nke ozi ọma "ahụ ike na akụnụba" bụ nke, n'ọtụtụ ụzọ, dị nwere ụkpụrụ ọdịbendị nke oge a. ” A kọwawokwa ozi ahụ dị ka Evangelical "na nsọtụ Pentikọstal" (Oge ntoju 2003: 2). N'ịzụlite nkà mmụta okpukpe ya dị iche iche, Hinn na-ekwukarị na ọ na-ekwu na ọ sitere na Mkpughe Chineke. Offọdụ n'ime mkpughe ndị a, dị ka "na ụmụ nwanyị bu ụzọ mee ka ha mụọ nwa site n'akụkụ ha nakwa na e nwere ndị isi itoolu nke Chukwu" kewapụrụ ya nke ukwuu site na nkuzi ndị otu Kraịst (Peters 2009: 2; Stewart nd). N'ime afọ ndị na-adịbeghị anya, Hinn amụbawo ama nke nkuzi Oziọma na ọrụ ya n'agbanyeghị enweghị agụmakwụkwọ nkịtị ma ọ bụ ọzụzụ ọzụzụ. O nyela ọtụtụ okwu amụma, dị ka ịkọwa oge ọgwụgwụ na mbibi nke ndị na-edina ụdị onwe ha, nke na-esiteghị na ya. N'otu oge ahụ, Hinn anaghị ekwu na ya nwere ikike ibu amụma ma ọ bụ ọgwụgwọ ọ bụla, kama ọ na-ekwusi ike na Chineke na-agwa ya okwu ma na-eme site n'aka ya (Fisher na Goedelman 1996).

Ọrụ ịgwọ ọrịa dị n'etiti ọrụ nke Hinn, ha na-adabere kpamkpam na Ozizi Ọganihu na Okwu Okwukwe, nke gbasaa ugbu a n'ụwa (Hunt 2000a, 2000b). Na North America, ndị ọdịnala dịka Kenneth Hagin (nke a na-ahụkarị dịka "nna" nke Okwu okwukwe), Kenneth na Gloria Copeland, Rodney Howard Brown, na Paula White nọchiri anya ọdịnala a.

Ozizi nke Okwu nke Okwukwe na akuzi na omuma nke ime mo bu ezi eziokwu ma kari ihe omuma ma obu ihe omuma. N'ebe ụfọdụ nke ọdịnala, nke Hinn na-adọta, Chineke guzobere ikike ụfọdụ maka mmadụ niile n'oge okike, Chineke na-asọpụrụ ikike ndị ahụ. Ikike ndị tufuru n'oge ọdịda nke ihe a kpọrọ mmadụ, enwere ike nwetaghachị ma rụọ ọrụ n'oge a site n'ekpere na ike nke okwukwe. Chineke ga-enye ndị kwere ekwe ahụ ike nke anụ ahụ ha (nke anụ ahụ, nke mmetụta uche, ma ọ bụ nke ikwu) na ịba ọgaranya ma ọ bụrụ na ha egosipụta “okwukwe siri ike” Dika Hunt (2000a: 74) chikotara nkuzi a, “ozizi ndia nekwu na Chineke nenye ha aru nke anu aru na nke anu aru, tinyere nkpuru nke mmuo ha, ma oburu na edebe ihe nile O nyere n'iwu, nwe kwa okwukwe zuru oke.” Ihe omuma nke nkwuputa nkwuputa nke oma banyere ochicho gunyere "Agagh emebisi m ubochi ozo na ndu m," Ana m atu anya na abawanye ikike nke izu a, "na" Ana m atụ anya ịkagbu ụgwọ ejiri ike nke izu a "(Harrison 2005: 4).

Nkwenkwe doro anya bụ na "okwu ndị a na-ekwu okwu bụ ihe dị n'ime ihe nke okwukwe," na ndị nwere okwukwe nwere ike n'ezie okwu omume, ihe, ma ọ bụ ọnọdụ dị adị (Peters 2009: 2). Okwu ekwuru, "okwu," na-ezo aka "mkpughe nke ebumnuche, ebumnuche, nkwa, ike, na akparamagwa nke Chineke site na akwụkwọ nsọ" (Harrison 2005: 7). Ndi kwenyere na ekwuputa ihe nile diri ha na nkwa ha nye Chineke dika okwukwe na nkwekorita nke ha na Chineke, ma puru ikwuputa ihe ndia tutu ha abia ihe anahu anya. Dịka Benny Hinn siri kwuo, "okwukwe na-arụ ọrụ dịka ike ma ọ bụ ike," na ahụike, ọgwụgwọ, na ọganihu nwere ike inweta site na, na naanị site na okwukwe ("Benny Hinn" 1997). Ọ bụrụ na ekwenyeghị nkwupụta ziri ezi, ndị kwere ekwe na-ekwubi na ihe kpatara ya bụ enweghị okwukwe, enweghị ike ịgbaso okwu Chineke, ma ọ bụ "nkwupụta na-adịghị mma."

RITUALS / PRACTICES

Ihe omuma ihe omuma nke ndi Benny Hinn haziri bu ndi okwukwe. Hinn malitere ime nkwusa ya usoro mgbe ha guzobere Orlando Christian Center na 1983. Tupu ha eduzi ọgwụgwọ, Hinn ga-agụgharị akụkụ Akwụkwọ Nsọ n'ụzọ dị oke nhịahụ n'ụzọ dị iche iche iji tụnyere "nzukọ nlọghachi nke tent nke 19th narị afọ," na-ekwukwa okwu n'asụsụ dị iche iche. O mechara hapụ glossolalia mgbe a malitere ịkụgharị ọrụ ya (Bloom 2003: 5).

Otu ọhụụ Benny Hinn nke oge a na-agwọ ọrịa na-amalite na ebe nsọ na-adịghị egbuke egbuke na ngụgụ egwu dị nro na nkwupụta ugboro ugboro nke:

"O metụrụ m aka, oh, O metụrụ m aka,
Ma, ee, ọṅụ nke jupụtara ná mkpụrụ obi m!
Ihe mere ma ugbu am mara
O metụrụ m aka ma mee ka m gbakee ... "

Hinn wee banye n'ọkwa maka nsogbu nke egwu ime mmụọ "How Great You Art." Hinn nke na-emegharị ahụ na-agbagharị gburugburu ebe ahụ na-ekwupụta ọnụnọ nke Chineke na ikike ịgwọ ọrịa na ụlọ ahụ. Ọ na-ekwukarị banyere ọnọdụ nke ọdịnihu na nke ọdịnihu nke ụwa nke mmehie, na-ekwukarị ma ọ bụ na-ebu amụma banyere ọdachi ndị na-emere onwe ha na ọrịa ndị na-egosi na iwe Chineke adịghị njọ na mmehie mmadụ. Hinn na-enye ndị nwere okwukwe na ike nke Onyenwe anyị nchebe (Bloom 2003: 5; Nickell 2002). N'oge ụfọdụ, Hinn abanyela n'ọhụụ dị ka mgbe ọ kpọsara na Chineke na-agwa ya okwu, na ndị mmụọ ozi nọ n'ime ụlọ ahụ, ma ọ bụ na ndị mmụọ ọjọọ na-efe n'ụlọ ahụ.

N'oge ọrụ ọgwụgwọ nke ọrụ Hinn ga-agwọ ndị otu na-ege ntị "na oke" site na ọkwa ahụ. O nwere ike ịkpọsa otu ọrịa, dị ka ọrịa kansa, “mmụọ ọjọọ nke igbu onwe ya,” ma ọ bụ ọbụna amoosu a na-achụpụ n’ọgbọ egwuregwu. N'aka nke ọzọ ọ nwere ike zoo aka n'akụkụ ahụ ma ọ bụ akụkụ nke ndị na-ege ntị na-agwọ. Hinn kwupụtakwara na "ọ dịghị mkpa ịkpọ aha ọrịa ọ bụla ma ọ bụ akụkụ ahụ ọ bụla, na ike Chineke na-emetụta ọtụtụ ọgwụgwọ niile na mpaghara ahụ" (Nickell 2002; Hunt 2000). N’ikwekọ n’usoro ọdịnala nke Okwu Okwukwe, ọgwụgwọ gbatịpụrụ gabiga ọnọdụ anụ ahụ ruo n’ọnọdụ ego. Dị ka Hunt (2000: 82) si kwuo, “A pụrụ ịnwa ime ihe banyere ego ịba ụba n'ụlọ akụ ma ọ bụ ụkọ ego. Enwere ike inye ego itule ego ka ha 'sonye' n'ike nke Jizọs. Bụ onye na-acha uhie uhie nwere ike ịhapụ dismissed ụgha nke ekwensu '. Aka nwere ike ịdakwasị ndị nọ n'ọgbakọ maka 'ịba ụba ego, ịchụpụ' mmụọ nke ekweghị ekwe ', iji lụso' ọnọdụ nsogbu 'ọgụ na ndụ ndị mmadụ site na' ibuso 'ajọ mmụọ ndị kpatara ya. ”

Hinn na-agwa ndị otu n'ime ndị na-ege ntị ka ha na-agwọta onwe ha. Ndị a gwọọ ga-enye nchịkọta nkọwa ngwa ngwa nke ọnọdụ ha na-achọ ọgwụgwọ. Hinn na-aza ekpere ma ọ bụ okwu mkpirikpi-dị ka ikwu. Otu n'ime "ndị na-ejide" Hinn na-eguzo n'azụ onye ahụ ka Hinn metụrụ onye ahụ n'egedege ihu ma ọ bụ jide ihu ya n'etiti mkpịsị aka ya na aka ya. Onye a na-agwọ na-adakarị n’elu ụlọ elu, mgbe ụfọdụ ọ na-agha ụgha n’akụkụ na-ama jijiji mgbe ụfọdụ. Onye a gwọrọ nwere ike ibili ma gosipụta ụfọdụ ihe ịrịba ama nke ọgwụgwọ ha, dịka ịwụ elu ma ọ bụ ịgba gburugburu usoro ahụ. Hinn na-eduzi ọtụtụ ọgwụgwọ onwe onye iri na abụọ n'oge ọrụ ọ bụla. Ọ bụ ihe a na-ahụkarị ka ndị otu ọgbakọ gbuo na mmụọ n'oge ọrụ ahụ.

Na mgbakwunye na ọrụ ịgwọ ọrịa, Benny Hinn Ministries na-enye ọrụ ekpere ịntanetị. Ọrụ ndị a, nke a na-akpọkarị "ePrayers," enyere onye ọ bụla aka ma nwee ike iji ngwaọrụ kọmputa ọ bụla nwere ịntanetị, gụnyere kọmputa, mbadamba, na ekwentị mkpanaka (Cooper 2014). The Benny Hinn ministri '"Ekpere Arịrịọ" ụdị nwere ike inweta site na homepage nke nzukọ website. Ọ na-achọ onye ọrụ iji dejupụta ozi ndị bụ isi, dị ka aha ya, mba ya, na adreesị ozi-e tupu ya elekwasị anya ekpere n'onwe ya. Onye oruru aghaghi ichoputa onye a na-ekpe ekpere ya, site na igbe adaala ,hoputa udiri ihe a na-ario na ekpere. Igbe ahụ gụnyere ndepụta nke "mkpa" site na mmanya na ị abuseụ ọgwụ ọjọọ, na ọrịa dị iche iche, na "ọnọdụ ụwa ugbu a" ("Arịrịọ Ekpere" 2014). N’okpuru ebe a bụ igbe akpọrọ “Nkọwa Ekpere” ebe, na-eji ihe karịrị akarị 1,000, onye na-ekpe ekpere nwere ike ịkọwapụta ihe banyere arịrịọ a. Mgbe ha kpesịrị ekpere ahụ, a na-ede akwụkwọ arịrịọ ahụ na ibe weebụ dị iche iche, ebe onye ọ bụla nyere otu ndị otu ndị ọrụ Benny Hinn Minista nwere ike ịhụ ya bụ Mighty Warriors Prayer Army (MWPA).

MWPA nwere otu ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo bụ ndị ọrụ ha na-arụ bụ ịrụzu ekpere arịrịọ n'ịntanetị. Ndị otu MWPA bụ ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo ndị kwenyere n'ọtụtụ usoro na ọnọdụ akọwapụtara na ibe weebụ nke ndị ọrụ gọọmentị. Ndị a gụnyere nkwa iji kpee ekpere ma ọ dịkarịa ala minit iri na ise kwa ụbọchị maka ndị na-achọ enyemaka ekpere site n'aka Benny Hinn Minista; maka Benny Hinn, ezinụlọ ya, na ndị Minista; maka mba na ochichi; na maka ndị otu “ndị dike n’ekpere” (Hinn 2014). Hinn na-ekwu na site na ọtụtụ puku ndị òtù MWPA n'ụwa nile, arịrịọ ekpere na-emezu awa iri abụọ na anọ kwa ụbọchị. Agbanyeghị, Hinn ekwuola nnukwu ihe mgbaru ọsọ karịa ịmebe ikpo okwu maka ọrụ ekpere dị mfe. Ọ kpọrọ oku ka e kee obodo ekpere buru ibu ma dịkwa ire nke na ọ ga-egbochi enyemaka Chineke, na-ebu amụma na "nde mmadụ ga-abanye n'alaeze nke Chineke na a ga-ewepụta ike Ya maka ọrụ ebube karịa mgbe ọ bụla ọzọ" (Hinn 2014) .

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

Benny Hinn malitere ikwusa ozi ọma na Toronto, ọrụ ekpere ekpere ma mesịa mepụta ihe nkiri telivishọn. Ọganihu ya dugara ya Orlando, Florida, ebe o guzobere Orlando Christian Center na 1983 wee malite iwu ụlọ ọrụ ya ("Biography: Benny Hinn" nd). Chọọchị ahụ toro ngwa ngwa ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ n'oge na-adịghị anya ọ chọrọ ọtụtụ ọrụ Sunday iji kwado ọnụ ọgụgụ na-arịwanye elu nke ndị na-efe ofufe. Hinn malitere ime ihe ebube nke Miracle na ọkara nke afọ iri, na-ejide ọrụ ịgwọ ọrịa n'ọtụtụ ebe dị na United States, ma mesịa mba ụwa, na-adọta ọtụtụ iri nde kwa afọ ("Benny Hinn Author Profile" nd). Ọnọdụ ama ama nke Benny Hinn gbatịkwuru n'ihu na-esote ihe ịga nke ọma nke ihe ngosi telivishọn ya, "Nke a bụ Daybọchị Gị," nke malitere ikuku na 1990 na Network Broadcasting Trinity. N'elu elu ya, Hinn's Center na Florida dọtara ndị na-ege ntị karịrị 10,000. Otú ọ dị, dị ka njem nlegharị anya ya nwere ume, Hinn nọrọ ogologo oge karịa ogologo oge (Okello-Kampala 2007).

Na 1999, Hinn nyefere chọọchị ahụ n'aka Clint Brown, "mgbe ọ na-ejigide ikike iwu nke 'World Outreach Center Benny HinnỌrụ. ” Ọ kwagara isi ụlọ ọrụ ya na Grapevine, Texas ebe ọ na-ekwu na Chineke gwara ya ka ọ rụọ Helọ Ọrụ Na-agwọ Ọgwụ inwa na Irving. Agbanyeghị, ewuteghị etiti ahụ, Hinn na nwunye ya mechara kwaga Southern California. N'ebe ahụ Hinn malitere ịnabata mmemme ngosi telivishọn ya bụ "Nke a bụ ụbọchị gị" site na ndị ọrụ Minista nwere ma na-arụ ọrụ, World Media Center, na Aliso Viejo. A na-agbasa ihe omume nkeji iri atọ nke Hinn na ọtụtụ netwọk telivishọn dị iche iche, gụnyere Network Broadcasting Network, Daystar Television Network, Grace TV, na Channel Channel. A na-erugharị kwa ụbọchị na narị mba abụọ. Ọ na-erute nde ndị na-eso ụzọ kwa afọ site na mmemme telivishọn ya, Miracle Crusades, isi mmalite ntanetị, ọtụtụ akwụkwọ edemede, na irere okwuchukwu e dere ede na usoro ọgwụgwọ. Hinn na-ekwu na ọ gwala ihe karịrị otu ijeri ozi Chineke n'oge ọ dị afọ iri atọ.

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

Benny Hinn Minista echewo mmegide sitere na isi mmalite atọ: gọọmentị na ụlọ ọrụ nzuzo nke na-echegbu onwe ha gbasara omume ego nke otu okpukpe, ọgbakọ Ndị Kraịst ndị jụrụla ajụjụ Hinn na-ekwu maka ọgwụgwọ ọrụ ebube yana ndaba nke nkọwa ya nke Oziọma ahụ. na-agbagha ma ugboro ugboro.

N'ihi na otu okwu okwukwe dị iche iche abụghị ndị ụka, ọ nweghị nzukọ ụka na-enyocha usoro nhazi ha. N'ime ọrụ ya niile, Hinn nọ na-enyocha Atọ n'Ime Otu, otu nzukọ Dallas, Texas nke na-enyocha ọrụ ego nke ndị televangelist. Na 2005, nzukọ ahụ kpọtụrụ IRS banyere ọnọdụ Benny Hinn Minista dị ka nzukọ okpukpe na-anaghị atụ ụtụ isi, na-azọrọ na ya ezuteghị ụkpụrụ nduzi n'ihi na ọ bụghị ụka n'ezie. Onye isi ya bụ Ole Anthony, Foundation ahụ kwuru na ọ bụghị naanị na ndị Minista anaghị arụ ọrụ oge niile, kamakwa na ọ nweghị ntọala ntọala nke ndị isi ya mere na enweghị iwu ziri ezi dịka nzukọ okpukpe iwu. Ọzọkwa, Atọ n'Ime Otu na-ajụ maka ịwepụta ego nke $ 100 nde ego ha na-enweta kwa afọ, na-ebo ebubo na Hinn ewepụtara ego enyere onyinye maka nzukọ maka ojiji nkeonwe. Na Olee ihe enyemaka n'otu oge, ọzọ "nche ìgwè," ndị Wall Watchers, kpọtụụrụ IRS na yiri ebubo banyere Benny Hinn ministri. Dị ka ndị Minista si kwuo, IRS zara site na izigara ha akwụkwọ ozi nke gụnyere ọtụtụ ajụjụ banyere iduzi nzukọ a, mana emeghị nyocha nyocha ọ bụla. Ma ndị Minista ma ndị IRS ahapụghị nzaghachi Hinn na leta ahụ, mana a kọrọ na nzukọ ahụ kwenyere n'ụzọ zuru oke ma nwee ike ijigide ọnọdụ nnwere onwe ya (Wrolstad 2005; Martin 2005). Benny Hinn Ministrị nọ n'okpuru ọtụtụ nyocha dị otú ahụ na afọ ndị sochirinụ, ikekwe ọkachasị na 2007 mgbe ya na Kọmitii Senate nke United States na-enyocha ya na ndị ọzọ televangelist ise. Na Nọvemba 6, Senator Chuck Grassley kwuputara nyocha ahụ na ndị a na-enyocha emegbu emeghị ụtụ isi ha maka uru onwe ha. Ulo uka isii, n'etiti ha Benny Hinn Ministri, Paula White Ministri, na Creflo Dollar World Changers Church, natara akwụkwọ ozi site na kọmitii Senate, na-ajụ ajụjụ banyere ịnye onyinye ụka na ịrịọ maka nghọta nke akwụkwọ ego. Ọ bụ ezie na Hinn na-emegide nyocha ahụ na mbụ, o mechara kwenye "ịkwado nke ọma… na nyocha ahụ na ọbụna tinye mmezigharị ego," wee mechie nyocha afọ atọ na Jenụwarị nke 2011 (Garcia 2011)

Hinn enwewokwa mmegide site na ọtụtụ ndị mmadụ na otu dị iche iche, ma n'ime ma karịa ndị otu Kristi, maka ịjụ ịjụ ịbanye na Council of Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability. ECFA, nke nwere ihe karịrị ndị otu 1,1000, gụnyere Billy Graham na Pat Robertson, chọrọ ogo nghọta ego, na-achọ "ịnweta ntụkwasị obi ọha na eze site na ịgbaso ụkpụrụ asaa nke ịza ajụjụ" ("You Kwere na Ọrụ Ebube" 2004). Paul Nelson, CFO nke nzukọ a, ekwuola na ụdị ndụ Benny Hinn si ebi ndụ na nzuzo banyere akwụkwọ ego na itinye ego n'agbanyeghị ajụjụ achọrọ ugboro ugboro "akpọrọ nyocha IRS" (Wrolstad 2005).

Hinn ajụla ebubo nke ego na-abaghị uru. Ọmụmaatụ, Ala nke ise Otu nyocha ahụ nwetara akwụkwọ ndekọ ego n'aka ndị nọ n'ime Mịnịsta ndị kwuru na ha "chọrọ ka ọha mara etu Benny Hinn si emefu ego enyere ya" ("Ikwere na Ọrụ Ebube" 2004). Ihe ndekọ ndị nta akụkọ ahụ nwetara gosiri ihe e chere na mmefu njem njem gabigara oke yana ego enyere Benny Hinn, na enweghị ihe kpatara akọwapụtara ya. Hinn kwupụtara ebubo ndị a site n'ikwu na ihe ngosi akwụkwọ ahụ na-egosi mmefu njem ya na-eduhie ka ọ na-adabaghị na mmefu ndị e wedara ala na ọrụ ndị enyere ndị Minista ahụ n'efu.

Nchegbu gbasara ego na-aga n'ihu. N'agbanyeghi na ndi Minista choro $ 100-200 kwa afo n'enye onyinye, n'April nke 2013, Benny Hinn kpotoro ndi na akwado ya inye onyinye $ 2.5, nke Hinn kwuru na ya ga-ekwekorita ya site n'onye nyere onyinye, iji wepu ulo oru ahu (Zaimov 2013a). N'ọnwa n'ọnwa ahụ, a gwara Hinn ka ndị bịaranụ, bụ ndị gụrụ puku kwuru puku, nke ọrụ na Trinidad na Tobago, nyere onye ọ bụla nyere $ 100 maka ndị ụkọ ọrụ iji kwụọ ụgwọ agha ahụ.

Benny Hinn abughi onye na-achota nkatọ n'ihi na o nweghi ọzụzụ ma obu nkuzi nke akwukwo nso, kama ikwu ya ihe omuma ya nke sitere na Mo Nso n'onwe ya. Ndị nkatọ nke Ndị Kraịst na-eme nchọpụta na-ekwusi ike na nkuzi ya nke Oziọma ahụ adịghị mma, karịsịa nkwenye nke Okwu Faith Faith. Ha na-agbaso okwu ahụ bụ Faith Faith, dị ka Benny Hinn, adịghị ekwusa ozioma ahụ, kama nke ahụ, ha na-emetụta ozizi nke Akwụkwọ Nsọ ka ha wee kwekọọ na nzube ha kpọmkwem, na-ahọpụta akụkụ Akwụkwọ Nsọ "site na ya ma tinye ya na nkọwa onwe ya. nke a na-ekwu na e nyewo ya site na mkpughe sitere n'aka Chineke "(" Benny Hinn "nd). Otu n'ime ozizi kachasị ụka nke Hinn na Okwu Faith Movement gụnyere nkwenkwe na Jizọs Kraịst nwụrụ anwụ n'ụzọ ime mmụọ na ọnwụ anụ ahụ maka mkpuchi maka mmehie nke ụmụ mmadụ na "rịdata na Hel ebe a na-ata ya ahụhụ" tupu a mụọ ya ọzọ (Peters 2009: 2). Ndị nkatọ ajụwo nkwupụta a, na-ewere ya na ọ na-ekwenye ekwenye ma na-ekwusi ike na n'ihi na Chineke enweghị ike kwụsị ịbụ, ọnwụ ime mmụọ nke Kraịst ga-egosi na ọ bụghị Chineke. Ozizi ọzọ dị otu a bụ Ozizi obere chi. E si n’amaokwu Baịbụl ndị dị ka II Pita 1: 4 na Jọn 10: 31-39, “Obere chi Ndị Ozizi ahụ” kwuru na ebe ọ bụ na Chineke kere ụmụ mmadụ n’oyiyi ya, ndị kwere ekwe bụ “obere chi,” ndị ji okwukwe enweghi ike ịta ahụhụ site na ọrịa ma ọ bụ ịda ogbenye (Gilley 1999). Nkọwa nke okwukwe a na-emegide nkọwa ọdịnala ọdịnala nke ọtụtụ akụkụ Akwụkwọ Nsọ, dịka Abụ Ọma 50: 1 na ndị Rom 16:27. Akụkụ Akwụkwọ Nsọ ndị a na-ekwu na e nwere nanị otu Chineke na ụmụ mmadụ e kere n’onyinyo Chineke “pụtara na anyị dị ka ụmụ mmadụ nwere ikike site mmekọrịta nke nzọpụta Jizọs Kraịst mara Chineke, "nkọwa omenala nke amaokwu ahụ. Ọzọkwa, chi nke nta ka a jụrụ n'ihi na "ọ bụghị onye ọ bụla nke hụrụ ma na-ejere Onyenwe anyị ozi na-eje ije na ahụ ike zuru oke" nakwa na Chineke achọghị ka ndị na-eso ụzọ ya "bụrụ ndị a gwọrọ ọrịa na ndụ a" (Peters 2009: 3).

Ulo oru nke Benny Hinn abughi ihe nyocha nke otutu mgbasa ozi. Nke mbụ mere na 1993. Eduzi ya Inside Edition , nke Bill O'Reilly kwadoro, nyocha ahụ gbara ajụjụ banyere izi ezi nke ọgwụgwọ Hinn, na-eso ndị mmadụ ekwesịrị ịgwọ na otu n'ime ọrụ pastọ Benny. Akụkọ ahụ kwuru, dị ka ihe atụ, na otu nwoke nke o doro anya na ọ gwọrọ ọrịa kansa ụbụrụ na-arụ ọrụ n'elu ụlọ chọpụtara na etuto ahụ ka dị mgbe dọkịta ya nyochachara ya; otu nwanyị kwenyere na a gwọrọ ya ọrịa kansa akpa ume jụrụ ọgwụgwọ wee nwụọ ọnwa abụọ mgbe ọ gara ọrụ ọgwụgwọ Benny Hinn na Houston; na dọkịta nke otu nwanyị “gwọrọ” ntị chiri kọrọ na ọ dịtụbeghị mgbe ntị chiri ọ bụla. Mgbe mmeghe nke nyocha a na March 2, 1993, Hinn mere ọtụtụ mgbasa ozi mgbasa ozi, gụnyere nyochaa na 700 Club na Pat Robertson. N'ajụjụ ọnụ ahụ, o kwere nkwa ime mgbanwe na ozi ya, na-ekweta na ọ mejọrọ. N'otu afọ ahụ, Ole Anthony nke Atọ n'Ime Otu na-aga Florida iji zoo Hinn. Hinn kwuru na ya ga-amalite ịgwọ ọrịa na-egosipụta ọrụ ebube niile tupu ya ekpuo ha na usoro ihe omume ya na na ọ ga-alọghachi izi Oziọma ahụ. Otú ọ dị, n'oge na-adịghị anya mgbe ájá biri, dị ka Ole Anthony si kwuo, Hinn "laghachiri azụ aghụghọ ya" (Bloom 2003: 8). Ejiri usoro ihe omume mgbasa ozi na-eduzi ọtụtụ nchọpụta yiri nke a, tinyere ihe ngosi 2001 a na-akpọ HBO nke a kpọrọ "A Question of Miracles," nke ndị nta akụkọ gbasoro 76 usoro ọgwụgwọ nke mere n'oge ọrụ na Portland, Oregon. N'agbanyeghị na ọ sịrị na ya nwere ọgwụgwọ maka ọgwụgwọ, Hinn kwadoro akwụkwọ ahụ. Ọnwa ole na ole ka e mesịrị, Hinn mere naanị ndepụta nke aha ise. Mgbe ha na ndị na-enyocha ndị na-ahụ maka ahụ ike na-agba ajụjụ ọnụ na-esochi ya, ndị nta akụkọ ahụ nwetara nsonaazụ ndị yiri nke Inside Edition nyocha. A na-eduzi nchọpụta ọzọ dị otú ahụ Oge Akaraka na ọgwụgwọ Las Vegas ugboro ugboro, ndị ọrụ ahụ gbalịrị ịkpọtụrụ mmadụ ise ahụ, bụ ndị Hinn nyere aha ha, bụ ndị a kọrọ na a gwọrọ ha. Anọ jụrụ ịkekọrịta ihe ndekọ ahụike ha na nke ise, nwanyị nke ekwuru na a gwọrọ ọrịa Lou Gehrig na Ọrịa ọgụ Hinn, ka achọpụtara. Ikekwe nyocha mgbasa ozi mgbasa ozi kasịnụ nke Benny Hinn Minista mere na 2004 site na Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's Ala nke ise. Akwụkwọ akụkọ ahụ, "You Kwere na Ọrụ Ebube," jiri igwefoto zoro ezo na ajụjụ ọnụ ndị bụbu ndị ọrụ Benny Hinn Ministri na ndị na-ege ntị na-enyocha ndị na-ege ntị iji chọpụta nkwupụta ọgwụgwọ Hinn, yana ịchọpụta usoro ego ya. Ihe nkiri ahụ gosipụtara, dịka ọmụmaatụ, usoro nyocha nke ejiri nlezianya họrọ ndị na-ege ntị ka ha pụta na ikpo okwu. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, ndị ahụ anya dị ka nkwarụ na anụ ahụ gbanwere mgbe niile, ikekwe iji zere nkwenye. Hinn azaghachiwo na ebubo banyere omume ọgwụgwọ ya, na-ekwu na ọ bụghị ya, kama Chineke, bụ onye na-agwọ ndị ahụ; agha agha ya na-enye uzo ndi mmadu na-aru ori nwere ike ighota onyinye nke onyinye Onyenwe anyi. Healinggwọ ọrịa nke ọma chọrọ okwukwe zuru oke n’ike Chineke, ọ bụghị n’ike nke Hinn.

N'agbanyeghị nnukwu esemokwu gbara gburugburu Ministri Benny Hinn, ọtụtụ nde ndị kwere ekwe si n'akụkụ ụwa dum na-atụrụ ya crusade na-akụ n'ime ihe ngosi telivishọn ya kwa ụbọchị na-enwe olileanya nke ịnata ọrụ ebube. "Nke a bụ ụbọchị gị" ugbu a na-agbasa na mba 200, Hinn na-ebukwa ọrụ ebube mgbe niile na gburugburu ụwa. Na 2007, Hinn nwere ọrụ ịgwọ ọrịa kachasị ukwuu edere na akụkọ ihe mere eme na Mumbai, India, na atụmatụ sitere na mmadụ ise ruo nde asaa bịara na nzukọ ụbọchị atọ nke "Ngọzi Ngọzi" ("Benny Hinn: India Healing Crusade" nd). Ndị Minista na-enweta ihe ruru nde $ 100-200 na onyinye kwa afọ ma na-atụnye ụtụ dị ukwuu na mbọ enyemaka nsogbu dị iche iche, ndị ọrụ mgbasa ozi, na ụlọ akwụkwọ na ụmụ mgbei, na-azọrọ na "na-akwado ihe karịrị ụmụaka 40,000 kwa ụbọchị" ("Ego ole ka Benny Hinn na-eme? Hinn gharighachiri ogo ụfọdụ n'ime obodo Evangelical mgbe ọ lụgharịrị nwunye mbụ ya n'ihu ndị na-ege ntị karịa 1,000 (Zaimov 2013b).

References

"Benny Hinn" nd Ozizi Nghọta nke Akwụkwọ Nsọ. Nweta site na http://www.rapidnet.com/~jbeard/bdm/exposes/hinn/general.htm on 25 May 2013 .

"Benny Hinn Chepụtara Profaịlụ." Nd . New Release Tuesday . Nweta site na http://www.newreleasetuesday.com/authordetail.php?aut_id=496 na 25 May, 2013.

"Benny Hinn: India Ọgwụgwọ Agha." Nd 700 Club . Nweta site na http://www.cbn.com/700club/Guests/Bios/Benny_Hinn_110404.aspx on 25 May 2013 .

"Benny Hinn ministri" nd Ndekọ Apologetics . Nweta site na http://www.apologeticsindex.org/h01.html na 25 May 2013.

"Benny Hinn ministri - World Media Center." nd Patch. Nweta site na http://alisoviejo.patch.com/listings/benny-hinn-ministries-world-media-center na 25 May 2013.

"BIOGRAPHY: Benny Hinn." N Ala nke ise. Nweta site na http://www.cbc.ca/fifth/amazinggrace/hinn.html 25 May 2013.

Bloom, John. 2003. "The Heretic." Atọ n'Ime Otu. Nweta site na http://www.trinityfi.org/press/heretic.html na 26 May 2013.

Cooper, Travis. 2014. "EPrayer na Ekpere nke Ekpere." Na Ihe nke Ekpere, nke Anderson Blanton dere. The Social Science Council. Nweta site na http://forums.ssrc.org/ndsp/2014/01/13/eprayer-and-online-prayer-rituals/ na 22 January 2014.

"Ì KWEERE N'IZI OZI?" Nd Ala nke ise. Nweta site na http://www.cbc.ca/fifth/main_miracles.html na 25 May 2013.

Garcia, Elena. 2011. "Benny Hinn na-agbaso ya site na onye nkwusa banyere Mmekọrịta Nwekọrịta na Paula White." Ozi Ndị Kraịst, February 18. Nweta site na http://www.christianpost.com/news/benny-hinn-sued-by-publisher-over-alleged-relationship-with-paula-white-49060/ na 26 May 2013.

Harrison, Milmon. 2005. Ezi Akụ na Ụba: Okwu nke Okwukwe Na-aga n'okpukpe Ndị American Afrika. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hinn, Benny. 2014. "Ekpere Ekpere Ndị dike." Benny Hinn ministri . Nweta site na http://www.bennyhinn.org/mwia/ na 22 January, 2014.

Nchụ nta, Stephen. 2000a. "Ramkọwa Oziọma 'Ahụ Ike na Akụnụba': Nkwenkwe na Omume nke Ozi Okpukpe 'Pentikọstal' Ndị Ochie." Akwụkwọ nke Nkwenkwe na ueskpụrụ 21: 73-86.

Nchụ nta, Stephen. 2000b. "'Ningzọ mmeri': Ijikọ ụwa ọnụ na mmetụta nke Oziọma Ahụike na Akụ na ụba." Journal of Contemporary Religion 16: 88-105.

Martin, Allie. 2005. "Benny Hinn Isiokwu nke IRS ajụjụ." AgapePress. Nweta site na http://www.ministrywatch.com/pdf/article_071205_hinninvestigated.pdf na 25 May 2013.

Nickell, Joe. 2002. "Benny Hinn: Ọgwụgwọ ma ọ bụ Ọkachamara?" Onye na-ajụ ụka. Nweta site na http://www.csicop.org/si/show/benny_hinn_healer_or_hypnotist/ na 25 May 2013.

Okello-Kempala, Raphael. 2007. "Uganda: Benny Hinn Nwere Onyinye maka Mba." Nweta ya http://watchmanafrica.blogspot.com/2007/05/pastor-joseph-serwadda-says-benny-hinn.html on 25 May 2015 .

Peters, Justin. 2009. "Benny Hinn." Onye nche nche. Nweta site na http://www.watchman.org/profiles/benny-hinn/ na 26 May 2013.

"Arịrịọ Ekpere." 2014. Benny Hinn ministri. Nweta site na http://www.bennyhinn.org/prayer/prayer-request na 22 January 2014.

Stewart, David J., “Benny Hinn's Hidden Heresies.” Nweta site na http://www.jesus-is-savior.com/Wolves/benny_hinn-hidden.htm on 25 May 2013 .

Wrolstad, Kaa. 2005. "IRS ajụjụ Hinn si Tax-hapụrụ Ọnọdụ." Akụkọ Dallas Morning News, July 6. Nweta site na http://trinityfi.org/press/hinn07.html na 25 May 2013.

Zaimov , Stoyan. 2013a. "Benny Hinn gwara ndị na-eso ụzọ maka $ 2.5 Million iji nweta Ụgwọ." Ozi Ndị Kraịst, April 26. Nweta site na
http://www.christianpost.com/news/benny-hinn-asks-followers-for-2-5-million-to-get-out-of-debt-94822/ na 26 May 2013.

Zaimov, Stoyan. 2013b. "Benny Hinn Remarries n'ihu nke 1,000 Ndị mmadụ." Ozi Ndị Kraịst, March 4. Nweta site na http://www.christianpost.com/news/benny-hinn-remarries-in-front-of-1000-people-91218/ 25 May 2013.

Authors:
Leah M. Hott
David G. Bromley

Ụbọchị Post:
26 December 2013

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