Imegide Ntugharị Banyere Ntugharị Buddha (ASBMS)

N'AKA ỌZỌ BUDDHIST MEDITATION SOCIETY (ASBMS)

1971: Noah Levine mụrụ nne na nna Stephen na Ondrea Levine na Los Angeles, California.

1988: Akpọrọ Levine n'ụlọ mkpọrọ na ụlọ mkpochapu ụmụaka.

1991: Levine gara Jack Kornfield na-atụgharị uche ntụgharị uche ya wee mụọ ihe na ya afọ iri.

2000 (June): Emepụtara Mind-Body Awareness Project.

2003: Levine malitere otu Dharma Punx otu na New York City Lower East Side.

2004: ihe ncheta Levine, Dharma Punx e bipụtara.

2005: Levine kwagara Los Angeles.

2007: Akwụkwọ akụkọ na-elekwasị anya na ndụ Levine, "Na-atụgharị uche na Mbibi," wepụtara.

2007: Levine bipụtara akwụkwọ nke abụọ ya, Megide Iyi.

2008: Nke mbụ megide oghere iyi ahụ mepere Melrose, California.

2009: Ebe nke abụọ mepere na Santa Monica, California.

2014 (Eprel): facilitylọ ọrụ nlekọta na-emeghe na Los Angeles.

2014 (Mee): Ebe obibi ndụ dị jụụ maka mmemme mgbake mgbake mepere na Hollywood.

2014 (June): Levine bipụtara Mgbake Mgbapụta .

FOUNTER / GROUP HISTORY

Mmalite nke subculture punk na US, UK, na Australia soro na njedebe nke subculture hippie na n'etiti 1970s (Mageary 2012; Milenković 2007). Subtù nzuzo abụọ ahụ kegidere mmegide megide ụlọ ọrụ ndị siri ike, mana ndị punks jụrụ hippies maka "mee ihe ọ bụla ị chọrọ ọ bụrụhaala na ọ dịghị onye ọzọ merụrụ ahụ" nkà ihe ọmụma na enweghị ezigbo nghọta banyere ihe ga-adị mkpa maka mgbanwe usoro. Punk subculture egosiwo oke dị iche iche na klaasị mana ọ na-acha ọcha. E mepụtala subculture ma kee ya n'ụzọ dị iche iche na mba ụwa, na-egosipụta ọdịnala ọdịnala ụfọdụ.
N'ezie, n'etiti etiti punk subculture, bụ punk rock, nke jikọtara nnupụisi megide ọha na eze na azụmahịa nnukwu egwu rock. Unkdị egwu Punk na-ekwusi ike dị mkpụmkpụ, kpụ ọkụ n'ọnụ, ngwa ngwa nwere ozi mgbochi siri ike. Pụrụ iche punk rock arụmọrụ e ji na-eti mkpu nke song lyrics, DIY chorus, storming stage, gang vocals, mosh olulu na slam egwú. Ugwu punk subkulturel nke mepụtara gburugburu punk rock butere ọtụtụ ndị na-apụ apụ ma wee gbanwee ma gbanwee n'ọtụtụ oge. Otú ọ dị, isiokwu ndị a na-ahụkarị na subculture, na karịsịa hardcore punk, abụwo nkwenye na-enweghị ikike, enweghị nkwekọrịta, onye ọ bụla, imegide ọtụtụ ụkpụrụ ọdịnala (militarism, capitalism, racism, sexism, nationalism, consumerism) na ụlọ ọrụ guzobere , na nkwalite nke ụkpụrụ ndị ọzọ (ikike anụmanụ, anaghị eri anụ, gburugburu ebe obibi). Ebumnuche ka ukwuu nke subculture punk na-eji dochie anya ọha mmadụ nwere ike ịmalite mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya, ndị kwụ ọtọ, ndị na-enweghị enyemaka.

Pundị ntụrụndụ mbụ (uwe, egbugbu, ịkpọpu ụdị dị iche iche, na mgbanwe ahụ, ọla, edozi isi) na-enwu ọkụ (egbugbu, ntutu isi, paịlị nchekwa, ihe eji eme igwe / spikes, agba nwere agba nwere isi, uwe dọwara adọwa, ngosipụta nke swastika) mgbe emechara hardcore punk ịke bụ ihe ndị ọzọ (jeans, tee shirts, na-arụ ọrụ n'okporo ámá uwe). A maara subculture maka ngosipụta doro anya nke njirimara nwoke na nwanyị, dị ka iyi uwe dị ka uwe. Igbu egbugbu abụrụla ihe dị mkpa eji egosipụta ma gosipụta ị so na otu ndị punk. N'ime ọnọdụ mmadụ n'otu n'otu siri ike, enweela nrụgide na obodo n'ime Punk omenala. A na-ewu obodo ndị a na-adịghị ahụkebe punk, yana ụdị egwu ha pụrụ iche na ozi ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị. Na mgbakwunye na ịjụ ọha mmadụ, ime ka ụkpụrụ dị n'etiti ndị na-achịkwaghị achịkwa, ndị obodo punk gụnyere echiche nke ịbụ ndị nọ n'èzí, ịdị n'otu siri ike, ịha nhatanha, ikike onwe onye na izi ezi, ụkpụrụ omume nke Mee N'onwe Gị (Mee Ya Onwe Gị), na ịjụ "ire ere." Ndị otu na-eyi egbugbu X ma ọ bụ XXX (akara nke ejiri akara n'aka ndị na-eto eto na-abanye n'ụlọ oriri na nkwari abalị iji gbochie ịzụrụ mmanya) na aka ha dị ka akara nke ndị otu. Ọ bụ ezie na ebe okpukpe dị na subculture punk bụ ihe esemokwu ụfọdụ, n'oge 1990s Christian, Krishna nsụhọ, Islamic (Taqwacore - "piety" core), na Buddhist (Dharma Punx) eriri nke subculture punk (Fiscella 2012; Stewart 2011) , 2012).

Nri ọgwụ na mmanya na-aba n'anya bụ njirimara nke subculture mbụ. Otu n'ime otu ndị malitere na subculture punkna nzaghachi na ọgwụ ọgwụ ọjọọ bụ Straight Edge punk. Ebumnuche kwụ ọtọ malitere na 1981 mgbe Ian MacKaye dere abụ site na aha ahụ maka Minor Iyi egwu, egwu egwu egwu. N’abụ ahụ, ọ kwusiri ike na ya na-azọrọ “kwụ ọtọ” site na ịjụ ọgwụ ike, ị alcoholụ mmanya na-aba n’anya, na inwe mmekọ nwoke na nwanyị. Na mgbakwunye na ụkpụrụ atọ ndị a, ọtụtụ ndị ọkpọ na-akwado nri anaghị eri anụ, nwanyị. Enwekwara uzo di nma na omenala, nke gunyere ime nhoputa na ndu mmadu nke na emeputa ihe di nma.

Onye guzobere Against the Tide Buddhist Meditation Society (ASBMS), Noah Levine, ka amụrụ na 1971 n'aka Stephen na Ondrea Levine na Los Angeles, California. Nna ya bụ onye edemede America na onye edemede nke dere ọtụtụ ihe na Buddha, na-elekwasị anya na ọnwụ na ịnwụ. A zụlitere Levine n’ezinụlọ ndị Buda, ma ọ jụrụ omenala Buddha na mbụ. Site na akuko nke aka ya, o siri ike nwata. Ọ malitere ị mariụ wii wii na ị alcoholụ mmanya na-aba n'anya mgbe ọ dị obere ma kwuo na ya na-egbu onwe ya mgbe ọ dị afọ ise. N’oge afọ iri na ụma ya, ya na otu ndị enyi punk nọ na-a drugụ ọgwụ ike na mmanya na-aba n’anya oge. Mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na isii, ọ kwụsịrị ịga ụlọ akwụkwọ sekọndrị ma na-eji ma heroin na ọgwụ cocaine eme ihe. E jidere Levine n'ọtụtụ oge ma mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na asaa ka etinye ya n'ụlọ mkpọrọ ndị na-eto eto mgbe ọ gbalịrị ịzụrụ redio ụgbọ ala iji nweta ego ọgwụ. Levine abanyela na atụmatụ mgbake iri na abụọ nke Alcoholics Anonymous. Ọ bụ n'oge ejidere ya na ọ malitere iji usoro ntụgharị uche Buddha nna ya kụziiri ya iji gbanwee onwe ya. O buru ụzọ gaa ntụgharị uche ntụgharị uche na 1991 wee mụọ Jack Kornfield afọ iri na Spiritlọ Ọrụ Ntụgharị Uche nke Rock Rock na Woodacre, California. Levine nwetakwara nzere masters na Counselling na California Institute of Integral Studies na San Francisco ("Dharma Punx" nd).

Mgbe ọ tụgharịrị uche na-atụgharị uche maka ihe dị ka afọ ise, Levine na ezigbo ndị enyi ya malitere UcheMmata nke aru na 2000, nke nwere ebumnuche nke ikuziri ndi ntorobia nsogbu uche na ntughari uche. Na 2006, nzukọ ahụ jikọtara ya na nwanne nwanyị na-enweghị uru, na 2007, ka ejikọtara ya ọzọ na Vision Youthz, usoro mmemme nke ndị ntorobịa nọ na San Francisco. Organizationstù atọ a anọgidewo na-arụkọ ọrụ ọnụ iji gbalịsie ike na-ejere ndị ntorobịa nọ n'ihe ize ndụ nọ n'ógbè ahụ ozi. Levine na-eje ozi ugbu a na Board of Directors ("Mind Body Awareness Project" nd). Levine gara n'ihu chọta Against the Stream Buddhist Meditation Society na 2008 dị ka ụzọ isi mee ka nkuzi Buddhist nwee ike ịnweta mmadụ niile. Ebe mbụ e hiwere na Melrose, California, ihe dị ka otu afọ mgbe e mesịrị nzukọ ahụ kwagara Santa Monica. N'ikpeazụ, e guzobewo ọtụtụ isi gafee US Levine n'onwe ya bi na Los Angeles California ("Dharma Punx" 2014).

Levine malitere ọrụ mbipụta ya na 2004 site na ncheta ya, Dharma Punx , nke ọ na-eso ụzọ na njikọ n'etiti etiti ntụpọ na nkuzi Buddhist. Ọ na-akọ banyere oge ntorobịa ya nwere nsogbu, riri ahụ, namgbake na-esote. Ọ na-akọwa njem ya gaa na ebe obibi ndị mọnk n'Eshia na mgbe ọ laghachiri n'ụlọ ezumezu ụmụaka ebe a tụrụ ya mkpọrọ, oge a iji kụziere ntụgharị uche. Na 2007, Levine bipụtara akwụkwọ nke abụọ, Megide Osimiri , nke na-agụnye usoro ntụgharị uche dịgasị iche iche na ntuziaka maka ndị na-eto eto na ndị ọkachamara. Ọ na-akọwapụta "ụzọ nke nnwere onwe" Nke mbụ, "Rezọ Rebel," gụnyere omume kwa ụbọchị, ịlaghachi azụ kwa afọ, na ịgbaso ụkpụrụ ise. Omume na nkwa ndị a siri ike na "Revolutionzọ Mgbanwe." Ọnọdụ njedebe, "athzọ Radical," gụnyere itinyekwu aka na ọtụtụ afọ na njikere ịkụziri ndị ọzọ. Akwụkwọ ya kachasị ọhụrụ, Mgbake Mgbaba: Budzọ Buddha iji gbakee site na ọgwụ ọjọọ (2014), na-atụle ntinye nke Eziokwu Anọ Anọ Na-aga na thezọ Ugboro asatọ maka usoro mgbake nke o mepụtara.

ỤLỌDỤ / EKWERE

Melding nke Buddha na Punk subculture na Dharma Punx gụnyere brickolage nke nkwenkwe ndị sitere na ọtụtụ ọdịnala okpukpe, mana ọ bụ nke sitere na ọdịnala Buddha Budpanist Vispanna, nke na-emesi ike ịhụ ụwa dịka ọ dị n'ezie. Na Megide iyi ahụ, ọ bụ ịjụ okpukpe Buddha ọdịnala na usoro mkpesa nke oge a. Achọpụtara na Buddhist Asia site na ịkpa ókè agbụrụ, mmekọahụ, nkuzi na omume ọdịnala. As Against the Stream tinye ya, “anyi enweghi okwukwe ekpuchighi na nkuzi,” na omenaala ohuru ka ana elezi anya banyere akuko ifo na akuko ndi mmadu (Preston 2009; “Against The

Budata Buddhist na-atụgharị uche na Society ”nd). T a na-eleghara subculture T hippie anya dị ka ihe ezi uche na-adịghị na ya; a na-ewere hardcore punk subculture dị ka ihe na-adịghị mma. Levine, ya na Jack Kornfield, jikọrọ aka na Buddha Buddhist America, nke na-ekwusi ike mkpa, nnweta, na itinye n'ọrụ maka ndị America oge a. Levine na-achọ ịlaghachi na ihe o kwenyere na ọ bụ izizi, ịdị ọcha, isi nkuzi Buddha dị na Pali Sutta. Maka Levine, Siddhartha Gautama, onye ọ na-ezo aka na "Sid," bụ onye mgbanwe nke kụziri nnupụisi mgbochi nguzobe ma kwado ụzọ nke "Patisotagami," ya bụ, "megide iyi" ("Against the Stream Buddhist Meditation Society" nd). Levine nakweere dị ka ụkpụrụ ya, "Na-atụgharị uche na-ebibi" (ọchịchịrị echiche).

Dika ngba ihu, uzo megide uzo nwere isi ihe ato di iche, abstination from alcohol, drugs (taba gụnyere), na mmekọahụ nkịtị, ọ bụ ezie na e nwere nkọwa dịgasị iche banyere ihe pụtara inwe mmekọahụ nkịtị. Valueskpụrụ ndị ọzọ a na-ahụkarị na otu ụzọ kwụ ọtọ bụ anaghị eri anụ / veganism na mgbochi ịre ahịa. Nkwenye a na-apụghị ịgbagha agbagha na ị na-ekwu na ọ bụ otu ka emere onwe gị na obodo. N'iburu ọdịdị nke punk subculture dịgasị iche iche, ịgbaso ụkpụrụ ndị ahụ na-enweta site na nyocha na njide onwe onye na-aga n'ihu. ASBMS na-akụzi nkuzi ya gburugburu Eziokwu anọ dị mkpa: eziokwu nke  dukkha  (nchegbu ma ọ bụ nhụjuanya), eziokwu banyere mmalite nke  dukkha,  nkwụsị nke  dukkha,  na eziokwu nke uzo na-eduga na nkwụsị  dukkha.

RITUALS / PRACTICES

ASBMS na-enye usoro ntụgharị uche yana okwu dị iche iche na klaasị na omume Buddhist yana ebumnuche buru ibu nke ịme ntụgharị uche Buddha ka enwere ike ịnweta. Ọtụtụ n'ime klaasị gụnyere Ntugharị Ntụziaka agbakwunyere site na okwu Dharma nke Levine ma ọ bụ onye nkuzi ọzọ kwuru. Ndị klas ndị ọzọ na-elekwasị anya n'ụdị ntụgharị uche a kapịrị ọnụ, dịka nchebara echiche metụtara mmekọrịta, nke na-emesi mkpa mkpa mmekọrịta dị n'etiti obodo, yana isiokwu Buddha ọhụrụ etinyere kwa izu. Itationdị ntụgharị uche ọzọ bụ Ntụgharị uche nke Mmata, ebe mesiri ike bụ icheta ihe mere n'oge onye na-atụgharị uche na-atụgharị uche. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, e nwere izu ndị ọzọ na-echebara echiche na nghọta na omume omume ebere maka onye ntụgharị uche nwere ahụmahụ.

Usoro Mgbake Mgbaba bụ isi nke ASBMS. Offọdụ iwu ahụ yiri Mmemme iri na abụọ dịka Alcoholics Anonymous nke Levine na-arụ ọrụ na mbụ. Otú ọ dị, mgbake mgbapụta na-arụ ọrụ site n'echiche Buddha. Principlekpụrụ bụ isi nke usoro ihe omume ahụ bụ na onye ọ bụla nwere ikike ịhapụ onwe ya pụọ ​​nhụjuanya. Iwu anọ nke na-eduzi nnwere onwe mmadụ pụọ na nhụjuanya bụ (Levine 2014):

?? Iri mmadụ ahụ na-akpata nhụjuanya. E nwere ọtụtụ ụdị riri ahụ (ọgwụ ọjọọ, mmanya, mmekọahụ, ịgba chaa chaa, ego, nri, ndị ọzọ) na ọtụtụ ụdị ahụhụ (anyaukwu, ịkpọasị, aghụghọ, agụụ na-adịghị agwụ agwụ, ihere, ịgha ụgha, ụjọ, imejọ ndị ọzọ ma ọ bụ ndị onwe, iche , ekworo).

?? Ụ ọgwụ ọjọọ abụghị ihe kpatara gị. Ọchịchọ, isi iyi nke ahụ riri ahụ, bụ ihe okike Ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu abụghị maka ihe kpatara akpata ahụ riri ahụ, mana ha na-ahụ maka omume ndị na-akwado ahụ riri ahụ.

?? Iweghachite ga-ekwe omume. Ndi mmadu n’onwe ha nwere ike weghachi ha n’ime ndu bara uru nke ha h’ere nke oma.

?? Tozọ mgbake sitere na Buddha ụzọ asatọ.

Dị ka Levine (2014: 24-26) si kwuo, Ezọ asatọ nke Mgbaba Mgbaba bụ

?? Nghọta: Anyị amatala na ihe ọ bụla na-achị ihe kpatara ya na ihe ọ rụpụtara.

?? Ebumnuche: Anyị hapụrụ anyaukwu, ịkpọasị, na aghụghọ. Anyị na-azụ uche anyị iji zute ihe mgbu niile na ọmịiko na obi ụtọ niile na ekele na-enweghị mgbakwunye.

?? Nkwurịta Okwu / Community: Anyị na-agbaba n'ime obodo dịka ebe iji na-eme nkwukọrịta amamihe ma na-akwado ndị ọzọ n'okporo ụzọ ha. Anyị na-eme ịkpachara anya, eziokwu, na amamihe na nkwukọrịta anyị.

?? Omume / njikọ aka: Anyị na-ahapụ omume ndị na-akpata mmerụ ahụ. Anyị na-arịọ ka mmadụ kwụsị ime ihe ike, akwụwaghị aka ọtọ, ịkwa iko, na ị intoụbiga mmanya ókè. Obi ọmịiko, ịkwụwa aka ọtọ, iguzosi ike n'ezi ihe, na ije ozi bụ ụkpụrụ nduzi.

?? Ndụ / Ọrụ: Anyị na-arụ ọrụ mgbe ọ bụla na ebe ọ bụla enwere ike. Anyi na agba mbo hu na ihe anyi ji ebi ndu ka anyi ghara idi ojoo.

?? Mgbalị / Ike: Anyị na-etinye aka na-atụgharị uche kwa ụbọchị dị ka ntụgharị uche na yoga, mmega ahụ, yana omume nke omume amamihe, obiọma, mgbaghara, ọmịiko nke na-eduga n'omume nchịkwa onwe onye n'ọnọdụ ndị siri ike.

?? Uche / Ntụgharị uche: Anyị na-azụlite amamihe site na iji ntụgharị uche na-atụgharị uche. Anyị na-eme mmata oge a na ndụ anyị.

?? Itinye uche / na-atụgharị uche: Anyị na-etolite ikike nke itinye uche na otu ihe, dị ka ume, ma ọ bụ ahịrịokwu, na-azụ uche site na omume nke ebere, ọmịiko, na mgbaghara iji zụlite ihe anyị chọrọ ikpughe.

N'ime usoro mgbake mgbake, eziokwu anọ nke mgbake mgbake na-abụ ụkpụrụ nduzi maka ndị sonyere, yana yana yana ntụgharị uche na-enyere ndị na-eri ahụ aka itinye eziokwu ahụ n'ọrụ na usoro mgbake ha. M itinye uche, mgbaghara, na ọmịiko na-eme site na ntụgharị uche na mkparịta ụka na nzukọ iji nyere ndị sonyere aka. N'ikwekọ n'ụkpụrụ ASBMS nke ịba ọgaranya, nzukọ na-amalite site na nkwupụta sitere n'aka onye nkuzi: “Ọrụ m abụghị ikike. Adịghị m onye nkuzi ntụgharị uche Buddha nyere ikike; Anọ m ebe a ịkwado otu a ma duzie mkparịta ụka anyị. ” Usoro nzuko a bu ntughari uche nke ogugu iri abuo na iri ato, ogugu, oge ndi otu akoro na isi okwu nke mbu, na ogugu ikpeazu .. A na echetara ndi otu mkpa ikwesighi aha na nzuzo. A na-atụ aro obere onyinye (Kremar 2014).

NKWUKWU / LEADERSHIP

Noah Levine, onye nkụzi ntọala ASBMS, chọtara nzukọ metụtara njikọ hippie 1960s (nke ọ katọrọ)n'ihi na enweghị uche banyere àjà ndị ga-adị mkpa iji mepụta mgbanwe usoro), ọha mmadụ na-ahụkarị (nke ọ na-egosipụta dị ka nke rụrụ arụ), okpukpe Buddha ọdịnala (nke ọ na-enyocha dịka emerụla). N'ụzọ dị iche, Against the Stream bụ akụkụ nke okpukpe Buddha ọhụrụ nke jụrụ omume Buddha ọdịnala maka ọdịmma nke oge a, nke nwere ike ịnweta, na nke a ga-enweta maka ọnọdụ nke oge a. Levine na-ese onyinyo ma gosipụta nguzo mmegide ya na nkwa Buddha na akụkụ ụfọdụ site na igbu egbugbu sara mbara, nke gụnyere nnukwu onyonyo nke Buddha na afọ ya na ụkwụ Buddhist nke ịdị adị na-ekpuchi azụ ya niile (Swick 2010).

Levine na-arụ ọrụ na ụlọ ọrụ abụọ ahụ dị na Los Angeles, yana ịdụ ndụmọdụ karịrị iri abụọ dị iche iche gafee US Otu ndị nkuzi na ndị na-enyere ndị na-eme ntụgharị uche ọzụzụ azụọla ọrụ maka ebe ASBMS. Facilitylọ ọrụ ahụ na-enye klas kwa izu na Buddha Buddha na ntụgharị uche nke America, mmemme ụbọchị ọkara na ụbọchị, nlọghachi, na mmemme kpụ ọkụ n'ọnụ ọnwa iri na ntụgharị uche. Ndị nhazi ahụ na-enye ndị otu Women'smụ nwanyị, yana ndị otu ndị ntorobịa kwa ọnwa (“Against the Stream Buddhist Meditation Society” nd). A na-enye klas nke Bimonthly maka ndị niile gosipụtara na ha nwere agba. Enwekwara Mmemme Ezinaụlọ kwa ọnwa nke Levine nyere na ndị na-enyere ndị nne na nna na ụmụaka aka. Ọrụ ndị a na-enye na-aga n'ihu na-agbasawanye dị ka usoro nlekọta ahụike si mepee n'April, 2014 na Los Angeles na usoro ndụ ibi ndụ mepere emepe na May na Hollywood (Kremar 2014). Ma ụlọ ọrụ Los Angeles na-enye ndị nwere mmasị na mmemme mgbake mgbake kwa izu maka ndị na-agbake ị fromụ ọgwụ ọjọọ, nke Levine na ndị nkuzi ndị ọzọ na-eduzi.

Kemgbe 2008, nzukọ a toro na-enye klaasị iri na asaa kwa izu na otu dị iche iche gụnyere ndị ruru narị ise. Ndị ahịa ahụ etoola ma dịgasị iche iche. Onye nkuzi na otu New York City, Josh Korda, kwuru na “Na mbu, ndi isi nọ na obodo ndi punk / hardcore. Ugbu a, enwere ọtụtụ mmadụ ndị na-egebeghị ntị na hardcore ma ọ bụ pọọki, enwetatụbeghị egbugbu ma ọ bụ mkpuchi mkpuchi "(Pelly 500). Ma ọ dịkarịa ala na New York, ihe dị ka otu ụzọ n'ụzọ atọ nke ndị bịara "na-agbake ndị riri ahụ na-achọ ụzọ na-enweghị isi ma n'ụzọ ime mmụọ iji mesoo ndị mmụọ ọjọọ ha" (Buckley 2010).

Levine chọrọ imepụta otu ndị otu ọgbọ na ndị na - enweghị aha na ndị otu ASBMS. Ka o siri kwuo ya: “Anyị niile nọkọtara ọnụ na-achọ obi ụtọ… anyị niile bụ ụmụ akwụkwọ. Ànyị nwere ike were amamihe na ọmịiko nke nkuzi na mgbọrọgwụ Buddha wee hapụ ụfọdụ n'ime ihe ndị ọzọ m na-ahụ dị ka nrụrụ aka - nkwenkwe, ike, nna ochie na nkwenkwe ụgha? ” (Linthicum 2009).

Ndị nkuzi na-arụ ọrụ na ngalaba abụọ a na-arụ ọrụ n'okpuru Usoro akọwapụtara ụkpụrụ omume nke na-ekwupụta mmekọrịta ha na gburugburu ha ("Code of Ethics nd). Ntụzịaka ndị nkuzi niile kwenyere bụ nke sitere na Rocklọ Ọrụ Ntugharị Mmụta Rock na Woodacre, California ("Against The Stream Buddhist Meditation Society" nd).

?? Anyị na-ebute iwu nke ịghara igbu mmadụ.

?? Anyị na-ebute iwu nke ịghara izu ohi.

?? Anyị na-ebute ụkpụrụ nke ịhapụ okwu ụgha.

?? Anyị na-eme iwu nke ịghara ịkwa iko.

?? Anyị na-etinye ụkpụrụ nke ịghara ịantsụbiga mmanya ókè na-eme ka enweghị nlebara anya ma ọ bụ enweghị mmata.

ASBMS bụ 501 (c) (3) anaghị akwụ ụgwọ ma dabere na onyinye (dana) na ụgwọ klaasị maka ụgwọ ọrụ (Pelly 2010). Ọ bụ ezie na a na-atụ aro onyinye, ọ nweghị onye na-arịọ maka ọrụ a ga-ewepụ.

ISSUES / CHALLENGES

ASBMS ezutela mmegide na mpụga. Okpukpe Buddha ọhụrụ ejighị ịnụ ọkụ n'obi nabata ọdịnala ọdịnala ndị ọzọ nke obodo Buddha. Na Levine, nyere ụdị ejiji ya, nwere ndị na-enwe mmasị na ndị na-asọ oyi (Jones 2007). Dị ka Kremar (2014) si kwuo gbasara akwụkwọ ya, "Agụrụ m nyocha nke akwụkwọ mbụ ya na Amazon, nke mere ka ọ bụrụ ezigbo ahịa ma ọ bụ aghụghọ - enweghị onye ọ bụla."

Ihe ịma aka kasịnụ nke ASBMS chere ihu bụ nke dị n'ime. Nzukọ a na-agbasawanye, ma ọnọdụ ma ọrụ, mana ọ na-egbochi ya site na ịdabere na dana. Dị ka atụmatụ ụlọ ọrụ ọhụrụ, ọ dabere na onyinye iji kwado ọrụ ụlọ ma gbakwunye ụgwọ ọrụ na-aga n'ihu (Pelly 2010).

References

Buckley, Cara. 2008. Ebe A Na-adapụsị, Na-enweghị Etufu Edge Gị. ” New York Times , December 12. Nweta site na http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/13/nyregion/13metjournal.html?_r=0 na 15 August 2014.

“Dana,” nd Imegide Ntughari Ntughari Buddhist . Nweta site na http://www.againstthestream.org/ na 24 June 2014.

"Dharma Punx." 2014. Nweta site na http://www.dharmapunx.com/ na 15 August 2014.

Fiscella, Anthony. 2012. "Site na Muslim Punks na Taqwacore: Akụkọ Na-ezughị ezu nke Punk Islam." Oge a Islam 6: 255-81.

Jones, Charles. 2007. "Buddha ahịa na United States nke America: Ọchịchị Buddha na Nhazi nke Okpukpe Ọtụtụ." Ọmụmụ ihe atụ nke South Asia, Africa na Middle East 27: 214-21.

Kremar, Stephan. 2014. "The Buddha Punk Reforming Drug Rehab." Beast Daily, June 16. Nweta site na http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/06/16/the-buddhist-punk-reforming-drug-rehab.html na 24 June 2014.

Levine, Noa. 2014. Mgbake Mgbaba: Budzọ Buddha iji gbakee site na ọgwụ ọjọọ . New York: HarperOne.

Levine, Noa. 2007. Megide iyi ahụ: Akwụkwọ Buddha maka Akwụkwọ Mgbanwe Ime Mmụọ .
Niu Yọk: HarperOne.

Levine, Noa. 2004. Dharma Punx . New York: HarperOne.

Linthicum, Kate. 2009 “N’ebe dara jụụ, Ebe Dịịrị Mmụọ Nupụụrụ Isi.” LA oge. Nweta site na http://articles.latimes.com/2009/may/04/local/me-beliefs4 na 24 June 2014.

Mageary, Joe. 2012. "Bilie N'elu / Anyị Na-na-na Bilie N'elu: A Qualitative Enyocha n'ime ojiji nke Hardcore Punk Culture dị ka Context maka Development nke Mmasị Identities." Ph.D. Ntughari. San Francisco: Institutelọ Ọrụ California maka Studies Studies.

Milenković, Dario. 2007. "Subcultural Group of Hardcore Punk: Sociological Research nke otu ndị otu 'Social Origin na Àgwà Ha na Mba, Okpukpe na Consumer Society ueskpụrụ." Nkà ihe ọmụma, Sociology na Psychology 6:67 - 80.

"Uche Isi Mmata Project." nd Nweta site na http://www.mbaproject.org/ na 24 June 2014.

Pelly, Jenn. 2010. "Ọkpụkpụ nke Buddha na Punk Rock" Obodo Obodo East East. Nweta site na http://eastvillage.thelocal.nytimes.com/2010/11/15/a-fusion-of-buddhism-and-punk-rock/ na 24 June 2014.

Preston, Mark W. 2009 . "Akụkọ ifo nke Elephant: American Buddhist Identity and Buddho-Punk Bricolage." N'ime nri abalị: Laurier MA Journal of Religion and Culture 1: 152-69.

"Mgbaba Mgbaba- A Buddhist Dabere na Mmemme nke Imeri ihe riri ahụ na Noah Levine" 2012. Akụkọ Buddha. Nweta site na http://enews.buddhistdoor.com/en/news/d/35284 na 24 June 2014.

Smith, Bardwell. 1968. "Nye Buddhist Anthropology: Nsogbu nke Ndị Ala." Akwụkwọ akụkọ American Academy of Religion 36: 203-16.

Stewart, Francis. 2012. "Na-abụghị Krishnacore: Nnennen Edge Punk na okpukpe doro anya." Okpukpe doro anya 15: 259-88.

Francis, Stewart. 2011. Punk Rock Bụ Okpukpe M: Nchọgharị nke Ezigbo Edge Punk dị ka Onye Na-ahụ Maka Okpukpe . Ph.D. Dissertation, Mahadum Stirling.

Swick, David. 2010. "Dharma Punx." Anyanwụ Shambhala , Mee. Nweta site na
http://www.shambhalasun.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3522 na 15 August 2014.

"Usoro Iwu nke Onye Ozizi," nd Imegide Ntughari Ntughari Buddhist . Nweta site na http://www.againstthestream.org na 24 June 2014.

Authors:
David G. Bromley
Michaela Crutsinger

Ụbọchị Post:
20 June 2014

N'AGBATA Njikọ vidiyo

 

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