Geraldine Smith

Yexus ntseeg

YEXUS KHETOS TXHAWB ZOO

Xyoo 1944: Dave McKay yug hauv Rochester, New York.

Xyoo 1981: McKay tsev neeg pib faib lawv cov ntawv tseb ntawm ntug kev.

Xyoo 1985: Rau ntawm tus yau tshaj uas yog Tswv Yexus cov ntseeg Yexus tau taug kev deb li 1000km hla ntawm Nullarbor Desert.

1998: Ntau tus tswvcuab tau tawm los sib txawv txog kev coj ntawm lub zej zog

1998: Lub zej zog tsim ib ncig Dave thiab Cherry McKay tau lees yuav lub npe "Yexus cov ntseeg."

1999:  A controversial incident involving the Jesus Christians appeared in a local newspaper in Surrey, U.K.

Xyoo 2002: Thawj ob Yes Xus cov tswv cuab koom siab hlo pub nws ob lub raum rau tus neeg pej kum.

2003:  cov Tus Saib Xyuas tus neeg sau xov xwm, Jon Ronson, tau tsim ib phau ntawv hu ua Yexus cov ntseeg txoj kev pub ntshav Lub raum rau Yexus.

2006:  The Jesus Christians performed a mock trial after a Jesus Christian member allegedly was attacked by the family of a newly joined member.

2007: Muaj ntau tus ntseeg Yes Xus tau tshwm sim Lub Jeremy Kyle Qhia tshwj xeeb ntawm cults.

Xyoo 2010: Dave thiab Cherry McKay tshaj tawm tias Yexus cov ntseeg tau raug rho tawm lawm.

Xyoo 2015: Cov tswvcuab Tswv Yexus tau pib tshaj tawm cov yeeb yaj kiab YouTube hauv lawv cov channel Cómo Vivir Por Fe [Ua neej nyob ntawm Kev Ntseeg].

2016: Cov tswvcuab Yexus yav dhau los tau tshaj tawm hauv Is Taws Nem Sij Hawm Dhau Lawm, Radically Tshiab Lub neej, thiab Lub suab hauv lub suab puam.

2018: Cov neeg ntseeg Yexus thaum ub tau luam tawm lub YouTube channel Cov Lus Qhia ntawm Yexus thiab Christian Cartoons.

FOUNDER / GROUP KEEB KWM

Dab tsi yuav los ua lub npe hu ua Yexus cov ntseeg (JCs) tshwm sim hauv 1980s ua lub zej zog me me raws li tsev neeg Dave thiab Cherry McKay, thiab lawv plaub tus menyuam Kevin, Sheri, Gary thiab Christine. Dave thiab Cherry tau ntsib hauv tsev kawm theem siab hauv lub nroog me me ntawm Clarksburg, California. Dave tau loj hlob hauv tsev neeg ntawm Nazarene cov ntseeg. Cherry niam yog ib feem ntawm Khetos Kev Sib Koom Tes, tab sis nws tus yam ntxwv tseem ceeb yog nws pog uas yog Npavtiv (kev sib txuas lus nrog Dave McKay, Tsib Hlis 14, 2019). Dave thiab Cherry tau sib yuav hluas thiab tau tsiv los ntawm Tebchaws Meskas mus rau Australia xyoo 1968. Tom qab tsiv mus rau Australia, Dave luv luv koom nrog Cov me nyuam ntawm Vajtswv rau lub sijhawm ntawm ntau lub hlis tab sis sab laug vim muaj ntau qhov kev tsis sib haum xeeb xws li lub koom txoos cov lus qhia txog kev sib deev; Cherry tsis koom nrog (Ronson 2002a). Xyoo 1981, McKay tsev neeg tau pib tsim thiab faib lawv cov ntawv tseb thiab sim ua lawv txoj kev los txais kev nkag siab ntawm cov lus qhia txog Yexus rau hauv lawv lub neej ("JC Keeb Kwm 1981-1996" 2016). Cov neeg tuaj yeem tom qab los ua kom tau qhov sib txawv ntawm JCs tau tshaj tawm cov lus qhia ntawm Tswv Yexus, ua cov haujlwm zoo rau tib neeg, thiab tsis lees paub kev ntshaw thiab kev pe dab pe mlom ntawm cov nyiaj. Thoob plaws xyoo 1980, qhov no tau nthuav tawm hauv kev tshaj tawm "kev ua haujlwm pub dawb", cov phiaj xwm kev siab hlub hauv Is Nrias teb, thiab hauv Australia, thiab txoj kev tawm tsam kev tsim los coj lawv cov lus rau cov neeg siv dav. Txawm muaj ntau cov haujlwm tau tsim los hauv tebchaws Australia, cov pab pawg tseem tau nthuav dav rau hauv tebchaws Askiv, Tebchaws Asmeskas, Africa, Is Nrias teb, thiab New Zealand (“JC Keeb Kwm 1981-1996” 2016).

Lub sijhawm thaum 1980s, cov pabcuam thaum ntxov, uas tseem tsis tau hu ua Yexus cov ntseeg, siv cov xov xwm hauv xov xwm, cov ntawv xov xwm, "kev ua haujlwm dawb", thiab kev ua yeeb yam rau kev mloog lus. Cov stunts no feem ntau ua rau ntes thiab raug foob tawm tsam lawv. Lawv kuj tau tsom kwm zoo mloog vim Dave McKay siv nws keeb kwm yav dhau los ua ib tus neeg sau xov xwm los txhawb kev tawm tsam ntau dua. Lub tswv yim tseem ceeb ntawm cov pab pawg neeg txoj kev ua yeeb yam thiab stunts cuam tshuam cov desecration ntawm daim ntawv nyiaj. Lawv tau ua qhov no kom paub txog kev pehawm Vajtswv ntawm kev pehawm Vajtswv hauv lub neej niaj hnub no. Lawv tau sau $ 1 sau ntawv mus rau hauv Martin Place, Sydney, sau lo lus "Trust God, Tsis Money," nyiaj ntawv nyiaj hauv cov pej xeem ua yeeb yam, thiab sau $ 2 duas sau nrog lawv cov lus thiab Phau Vajlugkub vaj lug kub. Lawv kuj (tsis raws cai) tau pleev xim rau hauv lub Nroog Devonshire Street ntawm Sydney ("Mural Painters Told to Get First Release" 1984), thiab sawv hauv cov chaw kav khw hnav khaub ncaws nyob rau hauv hessian robes thiab chains whilst tuav scrolls inscribed nrog "hluav taws thiab brimstone" Phau Vajlugkub nqe ("JC History 1981-1996," 2016). Cov pab pawg neeg txoj kev ua yeeb yam tau nthuav ntau dua feats thaum, hauv 1985, ntau tus neeg yau tshaj plaws hauv lub zej zog tau taug kev 1000km hla Nullarbor Desert tsis muaj khoom lossis nyiaj. [Duab ntawm txoj cai] Cov pawg ntseeg me me tau coj los ntawm kaum tsib xyoo Christine McKay. Lawv ua tiav taug kev hauv ob lub hlis los ntawm kev cia siab lawv pom thiab dab tsi raug muab rau lawv los ntawm neeg txawv teb chaws. Lub chaw no tau muab lawv lub npe hu ua "Nullarbor Walkers" los ntawm cov xov xwm ("Cov Neeg Taug Kev Pib Mus, Hais Nroog" 1985; "JC History 1981-1996" 2016; "Cov Neeg Phem Xaus Lawm, Hais Nullarbor 7" 1985a, "Walkers Call for Apologies Tom qab 1,700km Trek "1985b).

Thoob plaws hauv 1990s, cov JCs tau txuas lawv mus rau sab nraud mus rau Is Nrias teb uas lawv tau ua tiav ntau hom kev ua dej num ntau. Cov pab pawg neeg tau ua hauj lwm yav dhau los hauv 1980s, tiam sis hauv 1990, ntau tus neeg tau tsiv mus rau Madras thiab pib ua "Vision 2000." Qhov no yog lawv qhov chaw ua haujlwm loj tshaj ("JC History 1981-1996" 2016). Txuas ntxiv rau lawv cov flares rau pej xeem tsis pom zoo, lawv ua tib zoo saib rau cov neeg pluag nyob ntawm qhov slums los ntawm kev sib tw sawv ntsug-tob hauv qhov qhib dej phwj rau ib lim piam. Lawv kuj tsim ib lub rooj noj mov, cawv txiv hmab thiab cov nplua nuj nyob hauv lub qhov dej ("JC History 1981-1996" 2016; McGirk 1995). Tsis tas li ntawd, lawv ua haujlwm hauv kev pabcuam xws li kev qhia lus Askiv, tu cov chaw ua dejnum, cheb txoj kev, ntxuav cov kav dej qhib, thiab tsim ib lub pob zeb sib txuas rau lub qhov dej qhib. Lawv kuj ua ntau lub qauv ntawm lub npoo los txhawb ntau yam kev siab hlub uas lawv tau khiav (McGirk 1995, 1994). Lawv hais tias

1994 yog ib lub xyoo zoo tshaj plaws rau peb hauv Is Nrias teb, nrog cov xov xwm tshaj tawm yuav luag txhua lub lim tiam thoob plaws hauv lub xyoo, thiab txhua tus neeg tuaj xyuas neeg tuaj xyuas, los ntawm cov neeg tswjfwm thiab cov tsiab peb caug rau cov tsev kawm ntawv cov chav kawm thiab pabcuam. Muaj ntau cov ntaub ntawv hauv TV rau peb txoj haujlwm tau tsim nyob rau hauv Is Nrias teb, thiab qee cov tau pom thoob plaws Asia. Peb tau ua tiav hauv 60 lub tshav puam qis ntawm cov kav dej tua dej rau hauv lub pas dej mojsab qhua, ua tiav nrog lub tsev tu-plaub, chaw kuaj mob, thiab lub tsev me me rau cov neeg ua haujlwm. Peb tau kho cov neeg mob 150 ib hnub, nrog rau cov chav kawm lus Askiv thiab kev sib tw kis las. Txawm li cas los xij, peb kuj tau quab yuam kev ntxiv ntawm 100 meters ntawm lub qhov dej lim dej, siv cov thoob thiab shovels thiab peb txhais tes liab qab ("JC History 1981-1996" 2016).

Lawv cov tawm tsam thiab kev ua haujlwm hauv thaj chaw ntawd tau nyiam tshaj tawm hauv xov xwm thoob ntiaj teb, nrog rau ntau tus neeg pab dawb, kws sau ntawv, thiab lwm cov koom haum. Txawm li cas los xij, lawv tau txiav txim siab tawm mus tom qab raug kev tsim txom rov qab los ntawm lub zos qhov chaw ("JC History 1981-1996" 2016; McGirk 1995).

Lub sijhawm xyoo 1990, cov pab pawg tau coj raws li kev coj ua tshiab. Cov tswv cuab tseem ceeb tawm ntawm pab pawg, thiab cov neeg uas tseem hu lawv tus kheej hu ua "Yexus cov ntseeg" ("JC Keeb Kwm 1981-1996" 2016). Lawv tau muab cov haujlwm uas lawv tau ua hauv Is Nrias teb rau ntau lub koom haum sib hlub sib txhawb thiab pib tsom mus rau kev tshajtawm, los ntawm kev faib lawv cov ntawv tseb. Cov ntseeg Yexus lub vev xaib piav qhia txog qhov laj thawj ntawm kev hloov ua haujlwm los ntawm kev ua haujlwm pab lwm tus neeg tuaj ua tim khawv, hais tias "peb txaus siab txo peb txoj kev koom tes rau txoj haujlwm" kev ua haujlwm " Keeb Kwm 1981-1996 ”2016). Hauv 1998, qhov kev hloov pauv hauv kev tsom xam no ua rau muaj kev sib cais hauv zej zog uas ua rau ntau tus tswv cuab tawm mus ("The Split" 2016). Txog tam sim no cov pab pawg mus los ntawm ntau lub npe uas feem ntau tau muab rau lawv los ntawm kev tshaj xov xwm, xws li Rappville cov ntseeg, Medowie Cov Neeg Pab Dawb, Sydney ntseeg, cov neeg Australia, Nullarbor Walkers, thiab cov ntseeg. Xyoo 1998, lawv tau tis npe lawv tus kheej hu ua Yexus cov ntseeg (“Hloov Pauv Npe” 2016).

Thoob plaws hauv 2000s, ntau tshaj peb caug JC cov tswvcuab tau ua rau lub raum pub dawb rau neeg tsis paub. Thawj daim ntawv sau npe rau lub raum pub dawb tus saib xyuas journalist Jon Ronson. Hauv 2002, nws tau sau ib tsab xov xwm ob tshooj Tus Saib Xyuas (Ronson 2002a, 2002b), thiab nyob rau hauv 2003, nws tsim ib daim ntawv hais txog TV, Lub raum rau Yexus (Ronson 2003) qhov uas nws ua raws li txoj kev pub dawb ntawm ntau tus JC cov tswv cuab. Hauv 2004, cov pab pawg tuaj yeem soj ntsuam dua ib zaug ntxiv rau lub raum pub dawb. Cov JCs lees tias lawv tau ua kom ntev npaum li cas lawv tau paub cov neeg tau txais kev pab kom lawv tau txais pub dawb. Thaum lub sij hawm, tsis muaj kev mob raum tsis raug cai hauv Australia, thiab nws tau nug cov lus nug txog kev ua raws cai ntawm JCs (Giles 2004; Scott 2004; "NSW Mus Tso Cai Rau Tshav Tes Taw ”2004). Hauv NSW, qhov no tau ua rau muaj kev tshuaj xyuas dua ntawm NSW txoj cai tswjfwm rau kev pub ntshav raum, uas tau tso cai rau kev pab cuam rau lub raum tsis cuam tshuam ("NSW Kom Tso Cai Rau Lub Cev Rawv Qha" 2004). Hauv Victoria, JCs tau txwv tsis pub lawv lub raum (“JC Lub raum hauv Australia” 2016). JCs lub raum kev pub nyiaj kuj ua rau muaj kev sib cav hauv zej zog txog kev kho mob seb puas muaj JC cov tswv cuab yuav tsum pub pub dawb (Frunză et al. 2010; Mueller et al. 2008). Lawv raug tshem tawm Mayo Clinic hauv tebchaws Asmeskas los ntawm kev pub nyiaj, vim kev ntshai tias cov tswvcuab tau raug yuam los ntawm Dave McKay (Mueller et al. 2008). Hauv xyoo 2008, JCs tau nkag mus rau theem kev pej xeem dua thaum Australian Zaj Dab Neeg ("Ash's Anatomy" 2007) tau tshaj tawm xov xwm rau JC tus tswv cuab Ashwyn Falkingham, uas xav pub nws lub raum rau tus poj niam hauv Canada. Zaj dab neeg hais txog qhov xwm txheej ntawm Falkingham cov niam txiv kom tiv thaiv nws tsis pub nws lub raum thiab "cawm" nws los ntawm JCs. Thaum pib, lawv tau siv nws lub dag zog los ntawm kev tiv tauj cov neeg saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv hauv tebchaws Canada ("Ash's Anatomy" 2007), tab sis tom qab Falkingham tau pub nyiaj rau Cyprus ("Ob lub raum" 2016).

Nyob rau hauv 2010, Yexus cov ntseeg tau tshaj tawm tias lawv tau tawg, thiab lawv tau tawm ntawm cov pej xeem scene. Ib qho laj thawj yog vim li cas lawv tau ua qhov no yog kom dim txoj kev thab plaub uas lawv tau ntsib los ntawm cov neeg tsis sib haum xeeb. Nyob ib ncig ntawm tib lub sijhawm, ntau tus tswvcuab Susan thiab Roland Gianstefani, Ross Parry, thiab Alan Wright tawm hauv lub zej zog, ob leeg los ntawm kev sib tawm tsam lossis kev tawm tsam. Hauv cov xyoo tom ntej no, lawv tau ua suab nrov heev rau hauv cov txheej txheem JCs rau kev tsis ncaj ncees txog lawv txoj kev poob haujlwm. Lawv tau hais tias cov JC tseem pheej khiav cov kev quab yuam thiab lawv tau tawm ntawm lub zej zog vim lawv tsis pom zoo rau qhov kev txiav txim siab "mus hauv av" (Gianstefani 2019; Parry 2013; Wright 2019). Hauv kev sib txuas lus ntawm tus kheej (Kaum ib hlis 27, 2017), Dave McKay qhia tias qhov kev poob haujlwm ntawd yog "tiag tiag thiab cuav rau tib lub sijhawm" (Personal Communication, November 27, 2017). Ntawm qhov one hand, tej pawg ua haujlwm tseem ua haujlwm raws li tib txoj kev qhia thiab kev coj ua cov JCs. Txawm li cas los xij, qhov kev txiav txim siab los ua kev poob haujlwm ua rau muaj kev hloov hauv zej zog. Txhua pawg, uas tau kis thoob Australia, Kenya, Tebchaws Asmeskas, Tebchaws Asmesliskas thiab South America, tau los ua lub cev thiab cov tswvcuab tsis koom nrog thiab nrog cov txheeb ze, cov phooj ywg thiab cov neeg sib tham. Cov khoom muaj tau faib ob peb xyoos ua ntej thiab ntau tus neeg tau koom txoj hau kev hauv kev qhia kom tswj lawv cov haujlwm tshaj tawm txoj haujlwm. Qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws, lawv tsis muaj lub npe hu ua JCs (McKay, 2017). Yog li, qhov kev tshaj tawm ntawm JCs ntawm qhov kev poob haujlwm tsis yog qhov kev tsis ncaj, tab sis tsis yog nws ntes qhov kev hloov ntawm kev hloov uas tau tshwm sim hauv zej zog thaum ntawd.

Hauv 2015, cov pab pawg tau pib rov muaj dua li ob peb tus neeg pib xyaum nrog ntau lawm ntawm YouTube yeeb yaj kiab. Thawj thawj ob peb lub xyoos, cov JCs tau qhia lawv tus kheej ua tsis muaj npe. Cov neeg qhia tsis raug npe, thiab feem ntau lawv tau hnav ib daim npog ntsej muag los yog nrog lub ntsej muag thiab lub suab digmuag. Hauv 2011, thawj cov channel tau tsim los ntawm cov neeg JC yav dhau los nyob hauv South America thiab nws raug hu ua Cómo Vivir Por Fe [Living by Faith] ("Cómo Vivir Por Fe" [Living by faith] "2011), txawm li ntawd los lawv tsis tsim cov duab txog 2015. Sij Hawm Dhau Lawm, Lub suab hauv lub suab puam, Thiab Radically Tshiab Lub neej tshwm sim hauv 2016 ("Lub suab hauv lub suab puam," 2016, "End Time Survivors," 2016b, "Radically New Life" 2016). Hauv 2018, lawv luam tawm Cov Lus Qhia ntawm Yexus thiab Christian Cartoons ("Christian Cartoons" 2018; "Cov Lus Qhia ntawm Tswv Yexus" 2018). Ib feem ntau ntawm cov khoom siv los ntawm cov koom hauv YouTube no yog kos los ntawm lub cev ntawm cov khoom tsim los ntawm cov JCs thiab ntau cov neeg koom nrog JC cov thawj tswj cov cai. Cov kev raws ntau yam tseem ceeb thiab cov qauv, tab sis txhua tus ua raws li ib qho qauv. Lawv suav nrog cov lus qhuab qhia los ntawm, tej lub sijhawm, cov suab lus, cov yeeb yaj kiab, yeeb yaj duab yeeb yaj kiab, thiab cov documentaries txog pawg neeg cov haujlwm. Lub Endtime Survivors channel tshwm tawm raws li muaj ib qho kev qhia ntau dua rau lub sijhawm kawg Phau Vajlugkub prophecy thiab apocalyptic ntxhais. Lub suab hauv lub suab puam muaj ntau dua cov lus qhuab qhia los ntawm Dave McKay, tiam sis muaj ntau tus neeg tuaj koom. Tag nrho cov neeg muab khoom npe hu ua "Voice." Lub suab hauv lub suab puam kuj tseem sawv raws li cov channel nrov tshaj plaws nrog ntau dua 90 000 tus neeg yuav khoom hauv 2019 ("A Voice in the Desert" 2017f). Raws li JCs txuas ntxiv tsim cov yeeb yaj kiab YouTube, lwm cov neeg siv tau pib txheeb xyuas lawv li JCs qub thiab lawv tau so ntau dua nrog kev txheeb xyuas cov tib neeg uas tau tshwm sim hauv cov yeeb yaj kiab.

DOCTRINES / TXHEEJ TXHEEM

JC lub ntsiab lus tseem ceeb tshaj plaws yog tias lawv ua raws li Yexus tej lus qhia. Nyob rau hauv ib lub video hu ua "Lub Pob Zeb," tus saib xyuas piav qhia hais tias,

Feem ntau cov Khixatia yuav to taub qhov [Lub Pobzeb] yog lo lus siv rau hauv Phau Vajlugkub kom xa nws mus rau Yexus, thiab tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nws cov lus qhuab qhia. Nyob rau hauv ib txoj kab lus qhia ntawm lub ntsiab lus ntawm lub Roob, nws tej lus qhia yog piav txog tag nrho lub hauv paus uas peb yuav tsum tsim peb lub neej, thiab txawm tias peb cov pawg ntseeg. Qhov no yog qhov tseemceeb uas qhia txog Tswv Yexus cov lus qhuab qhia uas yog lub hauv paus, tsis yog lub npe lossis kev hais txog Vajluskub hais txog Tswv Yexus, thiab nws tsis mloog cov lus qhuab qhia rau kev puas tsuaj ntawm sab ntsujplig vim yog tsis mloog lus, ciaj sia taus ... Yexus, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov lus qhia ntawm Tswv Yexus, yog lub tsho uas yog qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws. Tsis muaj nws txhua tsav txhua yam kev sib nraus los yog ua chaos (Ib Lub Suab nyob rau hauv lub suab puam 2019).

Lawv ntseeg tias Yexus cov lus qhuab qhia yog "Lo Lus Txog Vajtswv," yog li ntawd Nws tej lus qhuab qhia yog qhov tseeb tshaj plaws (A Voice in the Desert 2017a). Yog li ntawd, lawv tseem ceeb tshaj txog Yexus cov lus qhia, raws li hais hauv plaub phau Vajluskub, nyob hauv Phau VajlugkubCov. Lawv tsis saib tsis taus lwm cov ntawv hauv phau Vajlugkub, uas tsis lees paub qhov tseeb ntawm Tswv Yexus qhov kev txiav txim siab yog qhov tsis zoo. Lawv hais tias, "Txhua lub pob zeb yuav tsum sawv raws lub pobzeb. Yog tias cov thwj tim lossis cov cev Vajtswv lus raug hais tawm tsam Yexus, peb yuav tsum ua raws li Yexus ua ntej rau lawv ”(“ Jesus -ey Verses ”2016). Nws yog nyob ntawm no qhov tseem ceeb ntawm cov lus qhia ntawm Tswv Yexus uas lawv tau lees tias nws yog qhov tshwj xeeb ntawm lwm cov ntseeg feem ntau.

Cov ntseeg JC ntseeg tias feem ntau cov ntseeg pawg ntseeg tsis ua raws li Yexus cov lus qhuab qhia. Lawv siv cov lus "Lub Koom Txoos," thiab nws cov neeg ua "pawg ntseeg," xa mus rau cov neeg uas lees hais tias lawv ua raws li Yexus cov lus qhia tiam sis ua raws li cov lus qhuab qhia ntawm lub koom haum. Lawv hais tias "pawg ntseeg yog cov neeg uas yog thawj qhov ncaj ncees rau pawg ntseeg pawg ntseeg es tsis rau Yexus. Lawv tiv thaiv txog kev tsim thiab kev hais lus ntawm txhua tus uas txhawb nqa Yexus. Hmoov tsis, qhov no suav nrog cov ntseeg feem coob ntawm Churchgoers "(" Churchies "2016). Rau ib qhov ua raws li qhov tseeb, uas yog Yexus cov lus qhuab qhia, lawv yuav tsum tawm ntawm kev ntseeg ("Churchies" 2016). Thiaj li, cov JCs yog cov neeg ua haujlwm tiv thaiv. Qhov no tshwm sim nyob rau hauv lawv cov txheej txheem xoob uas tsim los kom tsis txhob muaj kev tsim kho ntawm ib pawg ntseeg thiab kev coj noj coj ua. Lawv tau hu lawv tus kheej los yog lwm tus neeg los ntawm lub npe, xws li, niam, tus txiv, tus kws kho mob, tus xibfwb, tus saib xyuas, thiab lwm yam. ("Lub npe" 2016). Lawv txoj kev ntshaw yuav tsum tsis txhob pe hawm Vajtswv cov lus qhuab qhia rau Vajtswv los ua rau lawv ua rau lawv xav txog kev lig kev cai thiab kev cai ritual ("System Worship" 2017). Cov JC tsis teev nyob rau hauv ib qhov chaw los yog tsev, lawv tsis tuav ib hnub twg ua dawb huv, thiab lawv tsis ua raws li lub cim nco ("Kingdom of Heaven or Religion?" 2016). Tsis tas li ntawd, cov kev sib cav txog kev sib cav txog kev sib cav txog kev cai raus dej, kev ua kevcai txiav, Kevcai, Hnub Caiv, homosexuality, lub pov thawj hwj, lub Khiav Haujlwm, thiab lwmyam yog suav hais txog kev teebmeem ntawm lwm yam teebmeem uas tseem ceeb tshaj los ntawm lwm cov ntseeg Vajtswv. Cov JCs pom cov lus qhuab qhia uas tsis sib haum thaum ua raws li Yexus cov lus qhia (Ib Lub Suab nyob rau lub suab puam 2018a).

Muaj cov no, txawm li cas los xij, leej twg tuaj yeem mus koom lub koom txoos los yog lwm lub koom haum kev ntseeg nrog lub hom phiaj ua raws li qhov tseeb, tab sis lawv tseem tsis tau tuaj nyob thoob plaws. Qhov tseeb ntawm qhov tseeb-nrhiav tau piav tias "lub siab dawb paug." Tus neeg tiag tiag yog tus uas nrhiav qhov tseeb raws li nws tau qhia los ntawm Yexus tej lus qhia. Lawv hais tias tus neeg tiag tiag uas muaj lub siab ntseeg tiag tiag yuav teb zoo rau qhov kaj. Nws yuav nrhiav lub teeb. Nws yuav xav paub qhov tseeb '("Kev ntseeg thiab kev ntseeg siab" 2016). Txhua tus neeg ntawm kev ntseeg yuav raug suav hais tias ncaj ncees thaum lawv tshawb nrhiav qhov tseeb. Lawv tsis tas yuav tsum yog cov ntseeg, vim lawv tsis tau qhia txog Yexus cov lus qhuab qhia, tiam sis tabtom ua raws li qhov tseeb ntawm cov lus qhuab qhia. Txawm li cas los xij, "tus neeg tiag tiag yog tus neeg tiag tiag yuav raug coj los qhia txog Yexus tej lus qhia" ("Faith and Sincerity" 2016), thiab thaum qhia cov lus qhia rau tus neeg uas tus neeg yuav tsum ua raws li lawv. Cov lus qhuab qhia hais tias, "ib tug neeg uas muaj kev ntseeg tiag tiag yuav nrhiav kev hloov ntawm qhov tseeb, tsis yog nkaum hauv kev pe mlom, dogmas, thiab kab lig kev cai" ("Kev Ntseeg thiab Kev Ncaj Ncees" 2016).

Cov neeg uas xav tau tiag tiag yog cov uas yuav mus xaus rau saum ntuj ceeb tsheej. Saum Ntuj Ceeb Tsheej tau xa mus rau lub ntiaj teb uas yuav siv sij hawm tom qab cov txheej xwm ntawm Phau Tshwm Sim tshwm sim, thiab lwm yam tshaj plaws hauv ntiaj teb, uas muaj niaj hnub nim no uas tshwm sim dhau tib neeg txoj sia. Nyob rau hauv lawv cov lus piav qhia ntawm lub Kingdom ntawm Saum Ntuj Ceeb Tsheej, lawv hais tias

Cov “ntuj ceeb tsheej ntuj ceeb tsheej tsis muaj dab tsis” tsis paub “tsis nrog kev tshawb nrhiav” (Lukas 17:20); nws tsis yog “hauv lub ntiaj teb no” (Yauhas 18:36); Nws tsis yog kav los ntawm “riam phom muaj neeg lub siab” (10 Kaulithaus 4: 2,000); qhov tseeb, los ntawm tib neeg cov cai tswjfwm, nws tsis yog lub nceeg vaj ib zaug li. Hloov chaw, nws yog kev sib txheeb ntawm tib neeg thiab peb tus Tswv Tsim. Nws muaj cwj pwm thiab lub zog ntawm sab ntsuj plig los ua haujlwm hauv lub neej ntawm cov neeg uas txo hwj chim, muaj kev hlub, thiab kev ntseeg siab ntawm lawv txoj kev ntseeg rau Vajtswv. Tag nrho cov zog no yog los ntawm tus Ntsuj Plig uas Tsim Peb, uas, qee txoj kev paub tsis meej, kuj yog tus Ntsuj Plig uas tau tuag saum tus ntoo khaub lig nyob rau hauv Ixayees ntau txog 2018 xyoo dhau los. Hauv lwm lo lus, Vajtswv lub tebchaws YOG Yexus tus Ntsuj Plig. Tswv Ntuj lub Ceeb Tsheej yog HUAB TAIS NTUJ KHWV. Lub nceeg vaj saum ntuj ceeb tsheej yog qhov uas Yexus tau los ua kom pom, tib lub sijhawm uas nws yog ib yam tseem tsis tau muaj thaum nws rov qab los (End Time Survivors XNUMXa).

Therefore, the Kingdom of Heaven is something that can be accessed in the present through sincerity and living out the teachings of Jesus. The Kingdom of Heaven also refers to an unseen global community of sincere individuals. This “invisible” kingdom is the culmination of sincere individuals who may not know one another but who are connected through their relationship with God. In the end-times, those who are sincere will be united together into the twelve tribes and they will become a part of the coming Kingdom.

Rau cov JCs, qhov tseem ceeb qhia txog Yexus yog qhov uas ib tug yuav tsum tsis lees paub txoj kev hlub thiab kev pab nyiaj thiaj li ua rau Vajtswv (A Voice in the Desert 2017b). Lawv ntseeg tias kev hlub ntawm cov nyiaj yog "Lub hauv paus ntawm tag nrho cov kev phem" thiab taw qhia kev ntshaw thiab kev teev hawm nyiaj raws li lub hauv paus ntawm lub ntiaj teb cov kev mob. Lawv hais tias "tus Phau Vajlugkub qhia peb tias kev hlub ntawm nyiaj, txawm lub cev lossis hluav taws xob, yog lub luag haujlwm rau txhua yam kev phem thiab kev tsis ncaj ncees hauv ntiaj teb ”(End Time Survivors 2018b). Tsis tas li ntawd, lawv ntseeg tias qhov no yog dab tsi cais lawv tawm ntawm lwm lub Koom Txoos thiab feem ntau ntawm cov tib neeg. Tsis zoo li cov tsev teev ntuj, lawv tau tsis lees txais txoj kev hlub nyiaj thiab lwm yam, lawv tau xaiv los ua Vajtswv tes haujlwm. Hauv JCs lub ntiaj teb, peb txhua tus tau xaiv los ua haujlwm rau Vajtswv lossis nyiaj txiag; koj yuav ua tsis tau ob qho tib si. Cov uas xaiv nyiaj txiag yuav ua raws li Vajtswv txojkev chim thaum lub sijhawm kawg. Lawv feem ntau hais txog Mathais 6:24 (Lub Suab nyob rau Suab puam 2017c), uas hais tias, "Tsis muaj ib tus tubqhe uas tuaj yeem ua haujlwm tau rau ob tus tswv: vim tias lawv yuav hlub ib tus thiab ntxub ib leeg; lossis lwm tus ces lawv yuav tuav ib qho thiab saib tsis taus ib tug. Koj yuav ua haujlwm rau Vajtswv thiab nyiaj txiag tsis tau. " Lawv tsis lees paub txog nyiaj txiag feem ntau ntawm pab pawg kev coj ua, nws yog qhov uas ua rau lawv xav tau kev tshaj tawm txoj moo zoo, thiab nws yog qhov muaj feem rau lawv qhov kev ntseeg ntuj xyoo txhiab. Lawv ntseeg tias nws tseem yog los ntawm cov nyiaj uas "Cim ntawm Beast" yuav tawm thiab nws yuav yog cov cuab yeej uas Dabntxwnyoog yuav muaj hwj chim thaum lub sijhawm kawg.

Phau Ntawv Tshwmsim thiab nws txoj kev sib raug zoo nrog Cov Plaub Hlis Ntuj yog ib qho tseem ceeb hauv cov JCs 'Christology. Rau cov JCs, qhov kawg-lub sij hawm yog kev mus cuag. Nyob rau hauv ib documentary lawv tsim hu ua Lub cim (Sij hawm xaus 2016a), lawv piav tias Mark ntawm lub Beast twb raug dov tawm thiab hais tias lub zej zog yog maj mam ua kom tau txais nws. Lub cim ntawm lub Beast yog hais txog ib lub cim rau ntawm txhais tes lossis lub hauv pliaj uas qhia txog ib tus neeg siab zoo rau Ntxwg Nyoog thiab tiv thaiv ib tug tsis yog ib feem ntawm lub Nceeg Vaj ntawm Ntuj Ceeb Tsheej. Cov neeg uas coj lub cim yog xaiv nyiaj (Dabntxwnyoog) rau Vajtswv. Lawv ntseeg hais tias lub cim yuav tuaj nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm RFID microchipping kev siv tshuab uas yuav muab tso rau hauv qhov kev siv thiab siv rau kev siv nyiaj txiag. Lub tshuab no yuav tuaj yeem ua rau cov nthwv dej ntawm cov neeg tsis muaj nyiaj. Nws yuav hloov ntawv nyiaj thiab ua ib txoj hauv kev los ua kom muaj nyiaj txiag ntau. Los ntawm txoj kev loj hlob ntawm microchipping kev siv tshuab hauv credit card thiab online banking, uas ua rau cov nyiaj tsis txaus thiab tsis ntev tom ntej no, peb maj mam raug mob lub cim (Ib Lub Suab nyob rau hauv cov suab puam 2017c). Maj mam, txhua tus neeg yuav raug ntaus kom coj tus cim vim tias lawv yuav raug tshem tawm hauv zej tsoom tsis muaj nws. Tsuas yog cov thwjtim ntawm Yexus xwb yuav tsis lees yuav lub cim thiab raug kev txom nyem ntawm kev tsim txom thiab kev txom nyem. Txawm li cas los xij, thaum kawg lawv yuav tau txais koob hmoov thaum lub sij hawm Thoob Tawg Tsov xaus thiab lub Nceeg Vaj ntawm Ntuj Ceeb Tsheej tau tsim nyob hauv lub Ntiaj Teb (Xaus Tawm Tsam 2016a).

Rituals / kev xyaum

Cov JCs 'core ethos los tawm tsam kev teev hawm ntawm cov nyiaj yuav ua rau lawv los txais yuav ib txoj kev ua neej uas pab nyiaj tsawg tsawg li tsawg tau. Rau cov JCs, thaum lub npav yog dov tawm, nws yuav ua rau txoj kev siv nyiaj txiag ntau heev. Li no, lub JCs ntseeg tau tias ib hnub lawv yuav tsum kawm kom ua neej tsis muaj nyiaj. Txij li cov neeg tsis muaj nyiaj txaus tseem tsis tau tuaj txog, thiab lub cim tsis muaj ntau, lawv tseem siv nyiaj rau khoom siv. Txawm li cas los xij, tsis muaj leej twg hauv zej zog muaj haujlwm lossis ua haujlwm rau nyiaj. Rau cov nyiaj txiag xav tau lawv cov nyiaj pub dawb uas lawv sau thaum faib lawv cov ntaub ntawv rau ntawm txoj kev. Tsis tas li, thaum ib tus neeg tshiab tuaj koom lub commkev sib koom siab lawv cov nyiaj tau ntxiv rau cov txhab nyiaj tau ntau hauv zej zog. Coob tus tswvcuab nyob hauv cov ntxhuav taug kev lossis cov chaw nyob pheej yig, lawv tau “nyiag-tsoo” lossis “khib nyiab-dhia” rau cov zaub mov thiab lwm yam khoom thiab npaj muaj tswv yim hloov mus siv nyiaj. [Duab nyob sab xis] Lawv paub zoo txog kev muag khoom, kev txo nqi, thiab lwm txoj hauv kev pub dawb, lawv ua lawv tus kheej kho thiab kho ntawm lawv cov tsheb lossis tsev, tsim lossis tsim qhov lawv tuaj yeem ua tau, thiab xyaum kev kawm ua yam tsis muaj kev xav. Kev ua neej zoo li no tseem ua kom pom tseeb rau kev ua neej nyob hauv zej zog. Raws li JCs, kev ua raws li Yexus cov lus qhia yuav tsum ua nrog lwm cov ntseeg los ntawm kev nyob ua ke 24/7. Nws yog los ntawm ua qhov no tias lawv tau zoo dua tuaj yeem muaj sia nyob tsis muaj nyiaj (Lub Suab hauv Suab puam 2017d: 1, 2018b: 2).

JCs piav qhia txog lawv lub neej kev ua neej zoo li “ua neej nyob ntawm kev ntseeg.” Kev ua neej nyob ntawm txoj kev ntseeg pib thaum ntau tus ntseeg koom nrog lwm tus los tsim lub zej zog kom ua raws li Yexus cov lus qhia (Lub Suab nyob hauv suab puam 2017e). JCs ntseeg tias thaum ib tus neeg xaiv los ua haujlwm rau Vajtswv ntau dua li nyiaj, thaum ntawd Vajtswv yuav muab cov khoom lawv xav tau xws li khoom noj thiab khaub ncaws hnav. Kev ua neej nyob ntawm kev ntseeg muaj xya lub ntsiab: 1) "Thov Vajtswv" muaj kev kawm kom muaj kev sib raug zoo nrog Vajtswv, yog li ntawd ib tug yuav kawm kom ntseeg qhov zoo ntawm Vajtswv los coj lawv. Lawv hais tias “yog koj yuav nce lub nkoj thiab mus taug kev saum dej, koj yuav them tsis taus kom muaj kev ntseeg yuam kev. Koj yuav tsum thov Vajtswv kom qhia koj lub siab nyiam, los ntawm kev qhia ntawm Nws Leej Tub ”(“ Ua Neej Los Ntawm Kev Ntseeg: Yuav Ua Li Cas Ua Nws ”2016). 2) “Yooj Yim Rau” yog hais txog kev kawm kom nyob nrog tsuas yog ib qhov xav tau, uas yog khoom noj thiab khaub ncaws. 3) “Muag” muaj feem cuam tshuam rau kev yooj yim thiab suav txog kev muag txhua tus neeg muaj thiab pub nyiaj rau cov neeg pluag. Nws dhau lawm raws qhov muaj peev txheej siab uas ib tus yuav tsum tsuas yog yam lawv xav tau.4) “Pub” cuam tshuam txog kev muab rau lwm tus yam tsis muaj kev cia siab rov qab. Lawv hais kom “sim muab qee yam ua ntu zus… yam zais… yam tsis tau… (txawm tus neeg yuav tsim nyog tau txais los yeej tsis tsim nyog nws)” (“Nyob Los Ntawm Kev Ntseeg: Yuav Ua Li Cas Ua Nws” 2016). 5). "Ua hauj lwm" yog hais txog kev muab ib lub zog los ua hauj lwm rau Vajtswv thiab nrog kev hlub ntawm kev hlub. JCs qee zaus ua qhov kev xyaum no los ntawm kev mus ua haujlwm "free work campaigns", uas yog lub sijhawm lawv muaj sijhawm thiab lub zog rau tus neeg thov kev pabcuam ("Living By Faith: Yuav Ua Li Cas" 2016). 6) "Nug" tuaj yeem nug txog khoom noj khoom haus thiab chaw nyob ntawm cov neeg uas muaj ntau, tsis muaj kev txaj muag lossis tsis muaj nqis. 7) "Qhia" yuav tsum ua haujlwm, nyob, thiab sib koom ua ib lub zej zog. Qhov kev coj noj coj ua ntawm no yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas yuav tsum tswj cov maxim uas tau piav saum toj no, los mus qhia txog kev sib koom tes ntawm kev txawj ntse thiab kev txawj ntse, thiab kho ib zaug thaum ua yuam kev ("Living By Faith: Yuav Ua Li Cas" 2016).

"Forsaking All" yog ib qho kev coj ua uas txheeb ze los ntawm kev ntseeg. "Tus Txheej Txheem Tag Nrho" hais txog ob qho tib si rau thawj qhov kev hloov ntawm ib tug ua thaum lawv koom nrog zej zog, nrog rau kev xyaum sib xyaws ntawm kev tshem tawm ntawm ntiaj teb txuas. Kev tso dag tag nrho yog qhov ciam teb uas qhia cov neeg uas yog ib feem ntawm lub zej zog. Ib qho tsis tau pom tias yog tus tswv cuab ntawm lub zej zog mus txog thaum lawv tau ua tiav txoj kev. Thaum cov neeg koom nrog, lawv yuav tsum tso lawv txoj haujlwm lossis kev kawm, muag tag nrho lawv cov khoom, muab lawv cov nyiaj thiab cov khoom muaj nqis, thiab tso lawv tsev neeg, cov phooj ywg thiab lwm cov kev cog lus tseg. Tus neeg koom nrog tshiab yuav tsum tso lawv lub neej yav dhau los thiab yog leejtwg tiag los coj raws li kev ua neej ntawm JCs thiab yog leejtwg ua ib tug ntseeg ("The Allake of All Principle" 2016). Yog li ntawd, kev tso txhua yam yog hais txog ntau tshaj qhov uas luag muab rau lwm tus, tsis yog "kev tso [All Forces] txhua txoj hauv kev qhia hais tias nyob rau txhua qhov ntawm kev tsim neeg, nws yuav tsum tso peb cov ntaub ntawv mus rau tej yam, txawm tias lawv yog khoom, kev vam, kev sib raug zoo , kev ntshai los xij "(" The Allow for All Principle "2016). Kev muab cov ntawv txuas no tso cai rau ib tug coj los ua raws li Vajtswv lub siab nyiam thiab ua lawv tus kheej rau hauv zej zog thiab nws cov kev coj. Tsis tas li ntawd, kev poob txhua yam yog kev xav uas xa rov qab los ntawm cov tswv cuab. Lawv yuav tsum rov qab mus rau qhov kev xyaum no vim nws yog ib feem ntawm kev ua neej ntawm kev ntseeg (A Voice in the Desert 2017f; "Tus Txheej Txheem Tag Nrho" 2016).

Ib txoj kev xyaum tseem ceeb, los yog ib txoj kev coj, hauv JC lub zej zog yog qhov uas paub txog Vajtswv lub siab nyiam. Nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm thaum lub JCs xav tau kev taw qhia ntawm ib qhov teeb meem lawv thawj chaw nres nkoj ntawm hu yog qhia ntawm Yexus. Txawm li cas los xij, nyob rau hauv txoj kev tshwm sim uas cov kev qhia tsis tuaj yeem muab cov lus teb rau JCs yuav tsum siv ntau txoj hau kev kom nkag siab txog Vajtswv lub siab nyiam. Cov JCs kuj qhia tau hais tias ib tug yuav tsum ua tib zoo xyaum "mloog lub sijhawm," xwv kom lawv yuav nyob tau txais kev txais lus los ntawm Vajtswv. Lawv hais tias,

Vajtswv muaj peev xwm hais lus rau peb los ntawm kev npau suav, kev ua yog toog thiab cov yaj saub. Peb yuav tsum siv sijhawm los mloog cov lus uas nws tau hais. Thov Vajtswv pub koj kev npau suav thaum koj mus pw; thiab txhua hnub thaum koj thov Vajtswv siv sij hawm los daws koj lub siab ntawm nws txoj kev xav tau ntau thiab cia Vajtswv hais lus rau koj. Koj tuaj yeem pom ib daim duab, muaj qee lo lus los rau hauv koj lub taub hau lossis muaj ib qho me me uas koj tsis paub tsim koj tus kheej (McKay, 2016).

Cov JC ntseeg tau hais tias txhua tus neeg yuav txais tau kev tshwm sim ncaj qha los ntawm Vajtswv; txawm li cas los xij, ntau yam yuav tsum tau muab xav rau hauv kev sib tw nrog ib leeg kom tsis txhob muaj kev tsis sib haum xeeb. Tsis tas li ntawd, tej yam zoo li no yuav tsum muaj kev sib raug zoo nrog Yexus cov lus qhuab qhia. Kev tshwm sim ncaj qha los ntawm kev npau suav los yog kev mloog, muaj peev xwm paub tseeb los ntawm "Lus Cob Tseg Vajtswv" (tawm tswv yim los ntawm ntau tus mej zeej), los sis los ntawm lwm tus mej zeej uas tau txais kev tshwm sim zoo li no. Txoj kev pom zoo kuj tuaj yeem los ntawm kev tshwm sim, kev ua yuam kev, los yog txuj ci tseem ceeb. Tsis tas li ntawd xwb, yog tias ib tug muaj lub siab xav los sis nyiam ua dab tsi, qhov no kuj tuaj yeem raug Vajtswv lub npe. Thaum kawg, tus neeg siab lub siab, uas tau raug cob qhia los ntawm Yexus cov lus qhuab qhia, kuj yog ib txoj hau kev kom pom qhov yog thiab qhov tsis ncaj ncees ("8 Txoj Kev Sib Tham txog Vajtswv Tibneeg - HNUB LOS NTAWM THEM!" 2018; McKay 2016).

Ib tug "Kev Ntseeg Tawm", "Ciaj Tuag Tshaj Tawm," los sis tsuas, "Tawm," yog lub sijhawm uas cov tswv cuab yuav xaiv tawm tag nrho cov nyiaj tawm, tawm ntawm lawv lub tsev, siv tsawg tsawg tus khoom, thiab nyob ntawm txoj kev los yog hauv tom roob moj sab qhua (A Voice in the Desert 2018c). Txhua qhov kev nthuav tawm txawv dua, tiam sis qhov teeb meem tseem ceeb uas cov neeg tuaj koom yuav tsum tau ntsib rau ntawm txoj kev nthuav qhia yog mus tsis muaj zaub mov, chaw nkaum, thiab lwm yam kev txhawb zog. Txoj kev tawm tsam qhov kev mob siab ua rau xyaum ua raws li Yexus cov lus qhia thiab hu raws li tej ntsiab cai ntawm kev tso txhua yam, kev ua neej raws li kev ntseeg, thiab kev mloog. Tus tswv cuab yuav tuaj ib leeg lossis ib pab pawg, thiab feem ntau yog siv li ib zaug ib xyoos lossis ob peb xyoo. Lawv yuav tsum tso siab rau yam uas tau muab rau lawv los ntawm neeg txawv tebchaws lossis yam lawv nrhiav tau kom dim; lawv hu qhov "Gods" provision. "Kev mloog yog ib qho tseem ceeb thaum kev tawm mus vim nws tswj lawv qhov chaw lawv xav tau thiab qhov twg lawv nrhiav tau cov khoom. Lwm txoj haujlwm tseem ceeb thaum lub sij hawm nthuav yog los ua pov thawj tsis muaj kev cuam tshuam rau cov tsheb ciav hlau (A Voice in the Desert 2018c). Qhov no hu raws li cov tswv cuab cov laj thawj ntawm kev tsim khoom los nrhiav cov hau kev tshiab los nthuav lawv cov lus. Lub hom phiaj ntawm txoj kev nthuav qhia yog kom muab Yexus tej lus qhia coj los xyaum. Nws qhia cov tswv cuab seb yuav ua li cas tsis muaj zaub mov noj thiab chaw rau ib ntus luv luv, kom cia siab rau Vajtswv qhov kev pab, thiab nws txhawb nqa Vajtswv Txojlus ("Outreach: Key Verses" 2016). Qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws, qhov kev txiav txim siab yog siv rau thaum lub sij hawm hloov mus rau cov haiv neeg tsis muaj kev vam meej tiav thiab JCs yuav tsum kawm kom ua neej tsis muaj nyiaj (A Voice in the Desert 2018c).

Cov JCs muaj lub hom phiaj kev ua haujlwm zoo thiab mob siab rau feem ntau ntawm lawv lub zog los tsim cov yeeb yaj duab hauv YouTube los sis xa cov kab tsheb hauv txoj kev. Lawv pom tias cov lus qhuab qhia txog Txoj Moo Zoo yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm Tswv Yexus (Ib lub suab hauv lub suab puam, 2017d). Cov JCs tsim lawv cov phau ntawv, comics thiab DVDs uas lawv siv rau kev faib khoom. Qee cov ntaub ntawv no muaj xws li txoj sia, mloog thiab Kev puas tsuaj, uas yog peb daim ntawv sau qhia txog cov lus qhia txog ntau tus neeg thaum lawv taug kev cov lus qhuab qhia los ntawm Yexus hauv lub ntsiab lus ntawm lub sijhawm kawg. Nws tau sau los ntawm Dave McKay ua qhov kev xav ntawm Tim LaHaye thiab Jerry B. Jenkins ' Sab laug Qab franchise. Lawv kuj faib cov DVDs, nrog rau Lub cim, uas cov ntsiab lus ntawm lub cim ntawm lub tsiaj qus nyob hauv RFID microchipping, thiab ib phau ntawv comic ntawm Txoj Moo Zoo ntawm Lukas, uas yog hu ua Lub LiberatorCov. Lub hom phiaj ntawm kev faib cov ntawv tseb yog kom txhawb nqa cov neeg coob coob kom ua tau raws li kev qhia ntawm Tswv Yexus (“Yuav Ua Li Cas Txhawb Tau Lwm Tus” 2017). Lawv ntseeg tias ntau dua li sim ua rau lwm tus tuaj yeem lees txais cov khoom siv, kev faib tawm yog hais txog kev nrhiav cov uas twb tau txais qhov xov. Lawv hais tias, "nws yog qhov tseeb tias koj yuav tsum tau zam ntau pua tus tshis txhua hnub thaum koj tos kom yaj los rau hauv" ("Yuav Ua Li Cas Txhawb Tau Lwm Tus" 2017). Kev faib khoom kuj yog ib txoj hauv kev rau JCs los mus sau cov nyiaj pub dawb kom lawv tuaj yeem txuas ntxiv cov ntawv luam tawm thiab them rau cov nqi tsis raug them (A Voice in the Desert 2017d).

ORGANIZATION / LEADERSHIP

Ua ntej 2010, cov JCs tau txhim kho cov thawj coj ntawm Dave thiab Cherry McKay. Hauv xyoo tom ntej txav tau ua rau kev hloov los ntawm kev coj noj coj ua ntawm Dave thiab Cherry mus rau ib pawg neeg ntawm kev ua thawj coj. Lub hom phiaj ntawm qhov kev hloov no yog los muab lub koom haum lub hauv paus rau lub neej yav tom ntej ntawm lub zej zog uas yuav tswj tau ntau lub hauv paus hauv Australia, Africa, South America, North America, United Kingdom, Southeast Asia, thiab Europe. Thaum lub sijhawm sau ntawv, Dave McKay tau tshaj tawm tias lawv yog tam sim no nyob rau hauv tus txheej txheem ntawm kev sau tsab cai lij choj. Ib tus thawj coj tshiab tau raug xaiv, thiab tau muab haujlwm rau kev saib xyuas txoj kev tswj hwm ntawm ntau lub hauv paus nyob thoob plaws lub ntiaj teb. Cov hauv no yog 6 tus neeg sawv cev hauv pawg ntseeg hu ua "Hub." Cov tub koom xeeb ntawm Hub yog ib daim card, uas tsis yog Dave McKay uas tau tso rau hauv lub rooj sib tham no thiab ua tus saib xyuas lub luag haujlwm. Ntxiv nrog rau pawg neeg, muaj lwm cov luag haujlwm coj. Ib tus tswv cuab tau muab txoj haujlwm ntawm kev sau cov ntawv sau cia rau hauv YouTube cov kev cai thiab kev ua haujlwm ua tus thawj saib xyuas lub ntsiab lus ntawm Lub suab hauv lub suab puam. Lwm txoj hauj lwm uas tau tsim yog "Roving Ambassador." Txoj hauj lwm ntawm tus neeg no yog los ntawm txhua qhov pib los pab daws cov teeb meem ntau. Muaj ntau ntawm cov JCs tsis muaj daim ntawv hla tebchaws vim lawv xav kom tsis txhob siv tshuab microchip, tiam sis tus neeg no tau txais daim ntawv hla 10 xyoo tsis muaj microchip. Lub luag haujlwm no yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom ncav cuag ntau lub tebchaws. Tsis tas li ntawd, lwm tus tswv cuab muaj lub luag haujlwm tswj hwm kev ua haujlwm hauv online, nrog rau kev tsim cov yeeb yaj duab YouTube thiab cov kev tshaj tawm, kev tshaj tawm, thiab kev tshaj tawm (kev sib txuas lus nrog Dave McKay, May 14, 2019).

TEEB MEEM / CHALLENGES

During the late 1990s to the 2000s, the JCs began to be embroiled in several scandals involving the media, “cult experts,” and the families of newly joined members. In 1999, a local newspaper in Surrey, U.K. reported on an incident where a newly joined member went to the Guildford police station to request that their name be removed from the missing persons list (“Mother slates police for not preventing her son going off with religious cult” 1999). The second incident occurred in 2000, when sixteen-year-old Bobby Kelly went travelling with the community after gaining permission from his grandmother. [Image at right] A media frenzy ensued, and the JCs were ordered to return Kelly home. Kelly was found safe and well at a campsite in New Hampshire; however, Susan and Roland Gianstefani were arrested for not revealing Bobby’s location. They were charged with a suspended six month sentence (“Cult Kidnap Boy” 2016). In 2005, the Gianstefanis were involved once again in a controversy in Kenya when Betty Njoroge and her seven-year-old son joined the community. Despite the charges being dropped, Roland Gianstefani was arrested and kept in custody until the JCs paid bail and a bribe to have him released (“Australian cult member freed in Kenya” 2005; “Controversies” 2016). In 2006, The JCs were again involved in a media scandal regarding eighteen-year-old Joseph Johnson, which involved the alleged violent assault of a JC member by several of Johnson’s family members (Johnson 2010).

The alleged violent assault by Johnson’s family resulted in what was described as “the Whipping Trial” by Fox News (Francisco 2017), which reported on the event. An article written by Joseph Johnson and published on the JCs’ website explains that after Joseph Johnson joined the community, he and two other members returned to his family home to retrieve a few possessions. The article alleged that during the visit, JC member Reinhard Zeuner was attacked by Johnson’s father and brother and suffered serious brain and spinal injuries. Johnsons family attacked the JCs because they believed that Johnson had been brainwashed by a dangerous cult. They developed this idea by reading about the JCs online (Johnson 2010). The article also states that the attack was filmed on the phone of a passer-by, yet the perpetrators were not charged for the attack. As a reaction to the lack of charges laid against Johnson’s family members, the JCs held a mock trial and called Fox News to report on it (Francisco 2017). The trial ended with several JC members offering to take the punishment of lashes of the whip tau mus rau Johnson tsev neeg. [Duab ntawm txoj cai] Qhov kev sib cav sib ceg pom Johnson txiv thiab nws tus kwv tij ua txhaum ntawm kev tua neeg, thiab nws tsev neeg nrog rau kev koom tes tua Zeuner. Jared thiab Yauhas, Johnson txiv thiab nws tus kwv, tau sau 25,000 tus nplhaib ntawm txhua tus plaub. Dave McKay thiab lwm tus neeg JC, Jeremy, tau raug nplua. Cherry coj tsib lashes nyob rau hauv qhov chaw ntawm Johnson tus niam, thiab Johnson coj tsib lashes rau nws tus tij laug (Johnson 2016). Thaum Johnson cov tsev neeg tau tuaj txog ntawm lub auditorium thiab tub ceev xwm tau raug hu los coj cov JCs tawm hauv lub auditorium thiab hauv lawv cov tsheb (Johnson 2016).

Txoj kev piav qhia tias cov JCs yog ib qho kev phem txaus ntshai los ntawm kev sib xyuas cov websites, cov kws tshaj lij, thiab cov kev sib koom ua ke YouTube. Nyob rau hauv online realm, saib xyuas lub website Cult Education Institutes (CEI) tuaj yeem muaj ob lub rooj sab laj uas cov neeg siv tau mob siab sau cov ntaub ntawv ntawm pawg ("Yexus Yexus," cult ", Dave McKay," Cov Neeg Ntseeg Tseeb "2005 ; "Yexus cov ntseeg, qhov tseeb neeg ntseeg, Dave McKay, Visual Archive” 2007). These forums contain a sizeable cache of uploaded material produced by the JCs, as well as photographs of the group, newspaper articles, and legal documents related to the group. There are also discussions about the activities of the JCs.

The JCs have also had several encounters with Graham Baldwin, who founded the organization Catalyst, which among other things, counsels and provides advice to people who have left or are leaving abusive religious groups (“About Catalyst” 2019). In 2007, the JCs appeared on a Lub Jeremy Kyle Qhia (“The Jeremy Kyle Show” 2007) for an episode called “Dangerous Cults, or Religious Communities?” Graham Baldwin was invited as an expert guest to speak about the JCs. The JC website alleges that Baldwin was also involved in the media frenzy that ensued when Bobby Kelly went travelling with the JCs in 2000 (“The Jeremy Kyle Show” 2007).

In the late 2010s, when former JC members turned to YouTube the cult narrative was revived once again when they caught the attention of new anti-cult antagonists. Several videos were produced to “expose” the JCs, which drew on cultic themes of kidnapping, coercion, and deviant beliefs. The most notable example is the “cult-busting” channel Servus Christi, which produced several long expositions on the JCs and their history (Servus Christi 2018a, 2018b). It is interesting to note how the JCs responded to this challenge. The decision to disband in 2010 occurred in part because of the harassment they were receiving from online antagonists. From 2016 onwards, the group re-emerged with new strategies to engage with the public through the online realm. They put a greater emphasis on online engagement, maintained a level of privacy, and presented themselves through a series of channels that appeared disconnected from one another. This did not prevent new antagonists from appearing; however, the JCs’ decentralizing tactics allowed them to minimize the character attacks by their online critics and avoid potentially dangerous situations.

DLAWS
Image # 1: Cov neeg yau tshaj plaws hauv lub zej zog uas tau zoo siab taug 1000km hla Nullerbor Desert tsis muaj khoom lossis nyiaj.
Daim duab # 2: Cov tswv cuab koom nrog “kev tawm tsam” lossis “khib nyiab-dhia dej” rau cov zaub mov thiab lwm yam khoom.
Image # 3: Kev Ua Hauj Lwm Pab Dawb Hauj Lwm.
Daim duab # 4: Dave McKay tau txais nees nkaum-tsib txoj kev nplawm lub sij hawm "Whipping Trial."

ua tim khawv

"Hloov Npe." 2016 xyoo. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm   https://jesuschristians.com/teachings-page/archived-articles/jesus-and-money/516-a-change-of-name nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Suab Nyob Hauv Hiav Txwv. 2019. "Pob Kws Cob Fab." YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9DFQefEsxok nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Suab Hauv Suab Nkauj, 2018a. "Lub suab nyob rau hauv cov suab puam - Keeb kwm Damned." YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m7unpY29N7I nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Suab Nyob Hauv Hiav Txwv. 2018b. “Qhov Suab Hauv Hiavtxwv: Cov Lus Qhia Txog Yexus Zog (Tshooj 2). YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JoQ2EOSHBJc nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Suab Nyob Hauv Hiav Txwv. 2018c. “Kev nthuav txoj sia nyob (Npaj Los Tsis Teem Cim!).” YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3bZ2MZ__CoQ nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Suab Nyob Hauv Hiav Txwv. 2017a. “Ntawm Yexus Lub Npe.” YouTube  Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3Wyxeg1mYE&t=338s nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Suab Nyob Hauv Hiav Txwv. 2017b. “Ntxub Lawv Txhua Txoj Kev Ntseeg Yexus.” YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wOc4vb0lvPs nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Suab Nyob Hauv Hiav Txwv. 2017c. “Yexus thiab kos tus cim ntawm Beast.” YouTube Tau txais los ntawm  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i8bgxkSboQo nyob rau 23 March 2018.

Lub Suab Nyob Hauv Hiav Txwv. 2017d. “Lub Suab Hauv Suab Pov Tseg: Yexus Cov Lus Qhia Txog Yexus Zog (Tshooj 1). YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=KW4v99kIYS8&t=565s ntawm 20 May 2019.

Lub Suab Nyob Hauv Hiav Txwv. 2017e. “Yuav Ua Cas Thiaj Nyob Nrog Txoj Kev Ntseeg: Los Ua Ke Zoo Li Cov Ntseeg Thawj Zaug.” YouTube. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d8RU5nx7txM nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Suab Nyob Hauv Hiav Txwv. 2017f. "Lub suab nyob rau hauv cov suab puam nyob - Tsuav Txhua Thiab Yuav Ua Li Cas Thiaj Muaj Nyob Los ntawm Kev Ntseeg." YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7nor2eNxSxk nyob rau 20 May 2019.

"Lub suab hauv lub suab puam." 2016. YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGK3xwxFRFvYyXAtDBShlMQ nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Dab Neeg Hmoob. 2007. "Ash lub Anatomy." Nkag mus los ntawm https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2395549/externalreviews?ref_=tt_ql_op_52007 nyob rau 17 March 2019.

“Australian Cult Cov Neeg Muaj Peev Xwm Tso Tawm Hauv Kenya.” 2005. Sydney Morning Herald. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.smh.com.au/national/australian-cult-member-freed-in-kenya-20050713-gdloap.html nyob rau 20 May 2019.

"Christian Cartoons." 2018. YouTube. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQR2uUVbCJOHdJfSRWQw4Uw/featured nyob rau 20 May 2019.

“Cov Koom Txoos.” 2016 xyoo. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.jesuschristians.com/teachings-page/archived-articles/churches/147-churchies nyob rau 20 May 2019.

“Cómo Vivir Por Fe [Ua Neej Raws Kev Ntseeg].” Xyoo 2011 YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCfLdrO9Oq7w-qy3sLZT9p5w nyob rau 16 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018.

"Cult Tsog Tub Tub." 2016 xyoo. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm http://www.jesuschristians.com/media-section/controversies/cult-kidnap-boy nyob rau 8 March 2018.

Cov Xov Xwm Txhua Hnub. Xyoo 1985. "Walkers Thov Zaum, Hais Hauv Zos." Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/media-section/early-days/walk-of-faith/772-walkers-begged-say-locals nyob rau 12 May 2019.

“Yim Txoj Kev Uas Vajtswv Hais Rau Cov Neeg — Mus Tom Ntej Sim Lawv!” Xyoo 2018. Sij Hawm Dhau Lawm. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.endtimesurvivors.com/teachings/spiritual-survival/14-eight-ways-god-talks-to-people-go-ahead-try-them nyob rau 18 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018.

“Lub Nceeg Vaj Los.” 2018a. Xaus ntawm Survivors.com. Tau txais los ntawm http://www.endtimesurvivors.com/teachings/bible-prophecy-the-end-times/141-the-coming-kingdom nyob rau 20 May 2019.

"Yuav Ua Cas Thiaj Tiv Tuav Tau Rau Cov Nyiaj Txiag Yuav Tsis Muaj Nqi." 2018b. Sij Hawm Dhau Lawm. Tau txais los ntawm http://www.endtimesurvivors.com/teachings/spiritual-survival/159-how-to-resist-conditioning-for-the-cashless-society nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Thaum Kawg Cov Neeg Muaj Txoj Sia Nyob. 2016a. "Lub Cim ntawm Cov tsiaj nyaum Documentary." YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watchv=FOOwLaKaDQklist=PLrYjwwNiN12da7X3BSElL5TF7IWgVMIl4&index=1 nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Thaum Kawg Cov Neeg Muaj Txoj Sia Nyob. 2016b. "Qhov 20 Zoo Tshaj Sij Hawm Lub Sij Hawm videos nyob hauv YouTube." YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCb04nIPAvD-CLuiWzEWNa-A nyob rau 5 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018.

“Kev Ntseeg thiab Kev Zoo Siab.” 2016 xyoo. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/teachings-page/archived-articles/churches/118-faith-and-sincerity nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Francisco. 2017. "Hma liab 11 Daim Ntawv Pom Zoo Under -over - Lub Whipping Trial." YouTube Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aeczDxqS3Gk nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Frunză, Mihaela., Cătălin-Vasile, Bobb., Frunză, Sandu., Ovidiu, Grad. 2010. “Txhua yam nyob tsis sib haum rau khoom pub dawb rau ntawm kev tshuam ntawm kev coj ua thiab kev ntseeg. Cov ntaub ntawv kawm. ” Phau ntawv Journal rau Kev Tshawb Fawb ntawm Kev Ntseeg Ntawm Kev Ntseeg 9: 3-24.

Gianstefani, Susan. 2019. "Vim li cas peb ho tawm ntawm cov ntseeg Yexus, coj los ntawm Dave McKay?" Nkag mus los ntawm https://makingitreal.wixsite.com/jesus-christians-uk/why-did-we-leave- nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Giles, Tanya. 2004. “Cult Tsa Rau" Ua Kev Txi Ua Neej. " Ntiaj teb dav dav xov xwm kev cai dab qhuas. Tau txais los ntawm https://wwrn.org/articles/12892/?&place=australia&section=other-nrms nyob rau 20 May 2019.

“Yuav Ua Li Cas Txhawb Tau Lwm Tus.” Xyoo 2017. Xaus ntawm Survivors.com. Tau txais los ntawm http://www.endtimesurvivors.com/teachings/practical-survival-information/83-inspired-distributing nyob rau 20 May 2019.

“JC Keeb Kwm 1981 - 1996.” 2016 xyoo. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm http://www.jesuschristians.com/media-section/early-days/706-jc-history-1981-1996 nyob 20 lub Xya hli ntuj 2018.

JC Raum Txwv hauv Australia. 2016. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/media-section/kidneys/jc-kidney-ban-in-australia nyob rau 12 May 2019.

"'Yexus Christians,' 'Cult,' Dave McKay, qhov tseeb ntseeg. '" 2005. Cult Education Lub koom haum. Tau txais los ntawm https://forum.culteducation.com/read.php?12,10965,page=1 nyob rau 2 Cuaj hlis 2018

"Yexus cov ntseeg, qhov tseeb neeg ntseeg, Dave McKay, Visual Archive." 2007. Cult Education Lub koom haum. Tau txais los ntawm https://forum.culteducation.com/read.php?12,49190,page=1 nyob rau 2 Cuaj hlis 2018.

"Cov nqe lus Tswv Yexus." 2016. Yexus Christians.org. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/teachings-page/archived-articles/jesus-and-money/511-jesus-key-verses nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Johnson, Joseph., 2016. "Qhov Sim." Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/media-section/controversies/the-whipping-trial/joe-story/673-joes-story-part-6 nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Johnson, Yauxej. 2010. “Joe Zaj Dab Neeg - Kev Sib Ntaus Sib Cuam.” Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm http://jesuschristians.com/media-section/controversies/the-whipping-trial/joe-story/666-joes-story-part-1 nyob rau 9 March 2018.

"Raum." 2016 xyoo. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/media-section/kidneys nyob rau 23 Plaub Hlis 2018.

“Ua Neej Raws Kev Ntseeg: Yuav Ua Li Cas.” 2016 xyoo. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/teachings-page/archived-articles/the-top-forty/83-living-by-faith-how-to-do-it nyob rau 5 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018.

McGirk, Tim. Xyoo 1995. "Muaj mob siab zoo hauv Australian poob rau qhov chaw nres ntawm Indian."  Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/media-section/early-days/vision-2000/236-australian-good-intentions-drowned-in-an-indian-cesspit nyob rau 20 May 2019.

McGirk, Tim. 1994. "Tshiab Tsis Tau Xob Tawm Rau Hauv Madras Sewers." Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/media-section/early-days/vision-2000/276-new-untouchables-in-madras-sewers nyob rau 20 May 2019.

McKay, Christine., 2016. “yim Txoj hauv kev rau kom paub Vajtswv lub siab nyiam.” Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/teachings-page/archived-articles/quaker-similarities/658-eight-ways-to-know-gods-will nyob rau 20 May 2019.

“Mother slates police for not preventing her son going off with religious cult.” 1999. Surrey Live. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.getsurrey.co.uk/news/local-news/mother-slates-police-not-preventing-4859686 nyob rau 4 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2022.

Mueller, Paul, S., Case, Ellen, J., Hook, Christopher, C. 2008. Kev Txheeb Xyuas Txhaj Tshuaj 22: 200-05.

Hnub nyoog. 2004. "NSW los pub nyob raum Nyiaj." Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/media-section/kidneys/jc-kidney-ban-in-australia/341-nsw-to-allow-live-kidney-donations nyob rau 6 May 2019

 "Tshaj Tawm: Ntsiab Lus Tseem Ceeb. "2016. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/teachings-page/archived-articles/leftovers/584-outreach-key-verses nyob rau 15 May 2019.

Parry, Ross. 2013. "Sawv thiab Caij Nplooj Ntoos Zeeg Yexus Khetos." Yexus ntseeg VajtswvCov. Nkag mus los ntawm http://makingitreal.wixsite.com/jesus-christians-uk/rise-and-fall-of-the-jcdm nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Kev sib tham nrog tus kheej nrog Dave McKay. Kaum Ib Hlis 27, 2017.

Kev sib tham nrog tus kheej nrog Dave McKay. Tej zaum 14, 2019.

"Radically Tshiab Lub Neej." 2016 xyoo. YouTube. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCHAolpnfdNC8VJ-ba7snHdQ nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Ronson, Jon., 2016. Lub raum rau Yexus. YouTube. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OovxGA8_uNY&t=1899s nyob rau 4 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018.

Ronson, Jon., 2002a. Ntshav Sacrifice. tus saib xyuas. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2002/apr/06/weekend.jonronson nyob rau 4 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018

Ronson, Jon., 2002b. Cov ntshav txi (ib feem ob). tus saib xyuas. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2002/apr/06/weekend.jonronson1 nyob rau 6 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018

Scott, Sophie. 2004. "Tshawb cov khoom nruab nrog cev hauv qhov kev tshawb nrhiav." ABC News. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.abc.net.au/news/2004-07-06/cult-organ-donations-under-investigation/2004876 nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Tub Xus Christi. 2018a. "Lub suab nyob rau hauv cov suab puam ... Yog kab lis kev cai!" YouTube. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=daDKRja5DvY&t=1885s nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Tub Xus Christi. 2018b. “Txiav Txim Rau Txhua Tus Kom Raws Tus Khetos ???” YouTube. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hvAcfd5TVoA nyob rau 20 May 2019.

“Cov Txheej Txheem System.” Xyoo 2017. Sij Hawm Dhau Lawm. Tau txais los ntawm http://www.endtimesurvivors.com/teachings/apostasy-in-the-churches/57-system-worship nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Australian. 2004 "Cov Thawj Coj Tshawb Fawb lees lub raum Scam." Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/media-section/kidneys/jc-kidney-ban-in-australia/311-cult-leader-admits-kidney-scam nyob rau 20 May 2019.

“Tseg Txoj Cai Txhua Yam.” 2016 xyoo. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/teachings-page/archived-articles/jesus-and-money/495-the-forsake-all-principle nyob rau 20 May 2019.

"Lub Jeremy Kyle Qhia." 2007. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm http://www.jesuschristians.com/media-section/controversies/the-jeremy-kyle-show nyob rau 15 March 2018.

“Lub Nceeg Vaj Saum Ntuj Ceeb Tsheej lossis Kev Ntseeg Ntuj?” 2016 xyoo. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/teachings-page/archived-articles/the-top-forty/64-the-kingdom-of-heaven-or-religion nyob rau 20 May 2019.

"Phua." 2016 xyoo. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/teachings-page/archived-articles/strong-meat/734-the-split nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Sydney Sawv Ntxov Herald. 1985a. "Cov neeg thuam tsis ncaj ncees lawm, Hais Nullarbor 7." Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/media-section/early-days/walk-of-faith/768-critics-were-wrong-say-nullarbor-7 nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Sydney Sawv Ntxov Herald. Xyoo 1985b. "Walkers Hu rau Apologies tom qab 1,700km Trek." Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/media-section/early-days/walk-of-faith/696-walkers-call-for-apologies-after-1700km-trek nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Lub Sydney Sawv Ntxov Herald. 1984. "Neeg pleev kob duab qhia kom tau kev tso cai ua ntej." Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/media-section/early-days/other-campaigns/771-mural-painters-told-to-get-permission-first nyob rau 20 May 2019.

“Cov lus qhia ntawm Yexus.” Xyoo 2018. YouTube. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgkasKuzTj4BGxw6eaP446w/featured nyob rau 20 May 2019.

“Lub Npe.” 2016 xyoo. Yexus Christians.com. Tau txais los ntawm https://jesuschristians.com/teachings-page/archived-articles/quaker-similarities/660-titles nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Wright, Alan. 2019. "Mus Nyob Hauv Qab Av." Yexus ntseeg Vajtswv. Tau txais los ntawm https://makingitreal.wixsite.com/jesus-christians-uk/going-underrground nyob rau 20 May 2019.

Daim Ntawv Qhia Hnub:
25 Tej zaum 2019.

 

 

Qhia