Comunità Odinista

Stefania Palmisano
Linda Gerbaudo

Qhia

TEB CHAWS ODINISTA TIMELINE

1968: (March 21):  Hundingr-Gisulf was born as Pier Paolo Gauna in Aosta, Italy.

1994: (August):  Hundingr-Gisulf founded the Comunità Odinista (CO) during a journey in Iceland and after the establishment of the English group Odinic Rite and the Belgian magazine Megin luam tawm los ntawm cov pab pawg neeg Fils des Ases. Nyob rau hauv tib lub xyoo nws pib lub magazine Araldo di Thule, uas tau txuas rau CO thiab lawv cov cai.

1995:  Hundingr-Gisulf met Gualtiero Cìola (1925-2000), who was called Walto Hari or Volksvater (father of the folk) by the CO faithful. He was very interested in the history of Northern Italy and Germany, and especially in the religion and culture of Longobards, a Germanic people who settled in Italy in the 568 BCE. Since the 1995 he wrote many articles for the Araldo di Thule.

1995:  The CO received a visit from a Viennese member of the Armanen Orden. They decided to celebrate their first rites, called blòtar, nyob rau hauv Piedmont thiab Aosta Valley. Lawv kuj tau xaiv cov nyiaj hli txhua hli nrog cov ntawv xov xwm ntawm langbärte daim ntawv qhia hnub thiab phau ntawv Kuv fuochi di Gambara. Cov no muaj cov thawj version ntawm lawv cov kev ua ub no.

1997:  The Hermandad Ásatrú Argentina, a group of descendants of Northern Italian immigrants located in Buenos Aires, contacted the CO. The two groups decided to cooperate and created the Alianza del Lobo.

1998:  Beginning in this year some CO’s members have performed ritual and blótar with the English group Odinic Rite.

2000:  The Hermandad Ásatrú Argentina became defunct. The CO terminated organization of Odinist groups outside the territory of Northern Italy and decided to manage their Italian brotherhoods in a more centralized way.

2007 (May):  An online forum, Rooj sablaj Odinista, tau tsim nrog cov lus sib tham tseg rau cov tswv cuab nkaus xwb.

2010:  Access to the community became more structured and was divided into stages to guide the personal growth of the individual.

2017:   Hundingr-Gisulf left the direct management of CO to the Corte di Gambara.

FOUNDER / GROUP KEEB KWM

The CO was inspired by Germanic mysticism led by the occultist Guido Von List (1848–1919) and also by the First Anglecyn Church of Odin, which was founded in Melbourne, Australia by Alexander Rudd-Mills (1885-1967) and was operative from 1929 to 1942. The CO was strongly influenced by the Danish founder of the Odinist Fellowship, Else Christensen (known as “the Folk Mother”) and the English group Odinic Rite (Introvigne and Zoccatelli 2013; Zoccatelli 2013). Hundingr-Gisulf founded the C.O. in 1994 during a trip in Iceland, grouping young people from Piedmont, Aosta Valley, Lombardy and Veneto. He chose Iceland connections, not because of  connections with the local Asatruar, but because it was one of the last European tradition countries to convert to Christianity.

After founding the CO, Paolo Gauna took the name Hundingr Gisulf and became the Goði“(“priest”) of the community. Hundingr-Gisulf followed traditional Odinism, but he was particularly focused on the longobard tribal heritage. His aim was to restore the faith to the ancient gods of the ancient longobard kingdom, which was very important in CO’s beliefs. The meeting between Hundingr-Gisulf and Gualtiero Cìola in 1995 was, therefore, a decisive moment. Cìola studied the longobard traditions of Northern Italy for years and published in 1987 Noi, Celti e Longobardi, ib phau ntawv uas ntseeg zoo Hundingr Gisulf. Tom qab 1995, Cìola tau txais kev txhawb los ntawm CO thiab tau muab cov xwm txheej ntau rau cov ntaub ntawv magazine 'Araldo di Thule (Mus saib hauv lub website Odnisa; Zoccatelli, 2013).

Hauv 1997, Hundingr-Gisulf thiab Gualtiero Cìola tau tsim ib co kev sib txuas nrog pawg neeg txawv tebchaws, xws li Alianza del Lobo. Lawv tau tshoov siab txog Comunità Odinista América, Tus Comunità Odinista Australia thiab Comunità Odinista Vinland tuaj nqa cov longobard heirs tsiv tawm ntawm North Ltalis, tab sis cov pab pawg no yeej tsis tau tiag tiag haujlwm. Tam sim no, lawv tuav cov kev sib raug zoo nrog Odinic Rite (Lub website ntawm Zijia Zoccatelli 2013).

DOCTRINES / TXHEEJ TXHEEM

CO’s beliefs and doctrines differ from those of other Nordic pagan movements. They consider themselves to be the heirs of a particular ancient ethnic group, the Longobards or Lombards, a Germanic people who arrived on the current territory of Italy in the sixth century. In this sense, they define themselves as a popular or, better, “folkish” movement. [Image at right] They reject the universalism typical of some neo-pagan groups. Their aim is the awakening of the ancient longobard spiritual and cultural heritage on their land, Langbard, uas yog qhov kev cog lus ntawm lub sij hawm Langbardland. This homeland includes the current territory of North Italy, from the Ticino area to the Tuscany, and from the Valle d’Aosta to the Friuli. From the CO perspective, there is also another sacred country, the Nation of Odin, a sacred homeland, without geographical boundaries, for people who share the same ethnic and spiritual origins (Comunità Odinista website n.d.; Zoccatelli, 2013).

Rau cov laj thawj no cov tswv cuab txhais lawv txoj kev ntseeg ua cov ethnocentric (Zoccatelli 2013). Cov ntshav, cov neeg yog haiv neeg, yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm sab ntsuj plig, thiab yog li kev ntseeg rau lawv yog kev koom tes ntawm cov haiv neeg raws li haiv neeg, tiam sis tsis nyob hauv kev paub meej txog kev lom neeg. Qhov kev qhia no tau raug sau tseg los ntawm kws tshawb fawb raws li kws kho mob, tiam sis, rau CO, qhov muaj feem cuam tshuam tsis yog lub cev tsis muaj. Lawv tau teev tias lawv pawg neeg tsis sib koom nrog yog tsis muaj kev ntxub ntxaug lossis kev ntxub lwm tus, tab sis nws ua raws li ib pab pawg neeg lub peev xwm. Yuav kom tsim nyog koom nrog lub zej zog nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb yuav tsum yog los ntawm North Italia cov chaw, lossis los ntawm cov cheeb tsam hauv thaj tsam Europe, thiab kom lawv xav txog lub neej thiab kev noj qab nyob zoo ntawm lub neej (Comunità Odinista website nd).

Members feel themselves connected not only to the Longbard people but also to other populations part of the Celtic cisalpine substratum of North Italy, or other Germanic groups (like the Cimbrians) who arrived before the Longobard in the Italian territory. These other traditions are part of what they define as “folkish Odinism” that reflects the CO’s broader openness towards the European tradition.

Pab pawg neeg lub neej yog raws li kev ua raws li peb lub hauv paus ntsiab lus: Kev Ntseeg, Cov Neeg Ntseeg thiab Tsev Neeg. Tsis tas li, cov tswv cuab yuav tsum ua raws li cov nram qab no: Cov Nine Noble Virtues (hu ua NNV ntawm Odinism, uas yog cov neeg koom hauv Odinic Rite John Yeowell (aka Stubba) thiab John Gibbs-Bailey (aka Hoskuld) hauv 1974): Ua Siab Ncaj, Tseeb, Yawm Saub, Loyalty, Kev Qhuab Qhia, Kev Txij Nkawm Zoo Siab, Kev Raug Ncig Tawm, Kev Ua Haujlwm thiab Kev Tsim Vaj Tse (Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Tebchaws hauv Zej Zog; Zoccatelli 2013).

Raws li lub cim ntawm Langobardia Loj, lub npe siv los ntawm cov historians los txhais lub qub Lombard Kingdom, CO shares, nrog lwm Odinists, tus chij. [Duab ntawm txoj cai] Nyob rau hauv daim ntawv pov thawj no yog ib tus heraldic eagle, ib tug tsiaj dawb ceev rau Odinic kev lig kev cai, nrog lub rune Othala (los ntawm lo lus germanic Odal rau thaj chaw, thaj chaw, kev sib hais haum) nyob rau ntawm lub hauv siab uas yog ntsig txog cov khoom qub thiab kev cai ntawm sab ntsuj plig. Cov keeb kwm liab liab yog cov ntshav los ntawm lawv cov poj koob yawm txwv (muab rau Barbarossa tus chij foob thiab ua tub rog), lub dawb "X" yog tus khiav Gebo (los ntawm proto-Germanic gebô that means “gift”) symbolizing the donation by the gods of the earth to the Lombards at the end of their epic migration (Comunità Odinista website n.d.).

Lwm cov cim tseem ceeb rau pawg no yog lub Raven Banner nrog cov rune Othala. Lub raven yog ib tug noog uas txuas nrog Vaj tswv Odin / Godan. Tus chij pom tau hais tias qhov tseem ceeb ntawm sab ntsuj plig thiab kev txuag ntawm thaj av ntawm lawv cov poj koob yawg koob (Comunità Odinista website nd).

Txog qhov kev teeb tsa theej, CO ntseeg pe hawm Vajtswv thiab cov vajtswv poj niam los ntawm cov kev ntseeg qub ua ntej cov ntseeg ntawm ntau haiv neeg ntawm cov neeg European. Lub voj voog ntawm lub neej-kev tuag-kev yug dua tshiab ntawm tib neeg thiab tsiaj txhu lub neej, ntawm caij nyoog thiab qhov xwm txheej yog qhov tseem ceeb rau lawv txoj kev ntseeg. Cov vajtswv tau muab faib ua ob lub tsev neeg, tus Tsov thiab Vanir. Nyob rau thawj tsev neeg yog divinities zoo li Godan, Frea (lub npe hu ua Odin thiab Frigg), Thor, Thyr, Baldr, thaum tsev neeg thib ob yog Njörðr, Freyr, thiab Freyja. Lawv pom kev hauv cov ntaub ntawv, tab sis qhov tseeb thiab tam sim no nyob rau hauv cuaj lub ntiaj teb ntawm Nordic cosmology thiab hauv cov cim thiab cov qauv hauv cov cwj pwm (perceitable) nyob rau hauv cov cwj pwm (Comunità website nd; Zoccatelli 2013).

Rituals / kev xyaum

Rituals thiab kev ua koob tsheej yog qhov tseem ceeb hauv lub neej hauv zej zog. CO yog siv lo lus qub blótar (lus zoo, blót), to indicate rituals in which they provide offerings to the gods. In the past, these performances usually consisted of animal sacrifices, but these no longer take place. In the CO, it is very important to pay attention to the animal’s rights and their protection; indeed, many members are vegetarians thiab lawv muaj kev coj noj coj ua nyob rau hauv lub neej uas qhia txog kev ntseeg ntawm sab ntsuj plig thiab kev ntseeg ntawm lub zej zog.

Lub CO tsim nyob rau hauv 1995 rau daim ntawv teem caij nyoog, lub koob tsheej txhua hli raws li lub voj voog ntawm xyoo, kawm cov qub chaw thiab kev cog lus Germanic. [Duab ntawm txoj cai] Lub plhom kuj yuav muaj kev vam meej rau txhua tus vajtswv ntawm Norse pantheon, thiab CO ua haujlwm zoo li kev ua txij ua nkawm, kev faus, kev coj noj coj ua rau cov menyuam yug tshiab thiab kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov tswvcuab tshiab. Cov festivals feem ntau yog qhov chaw thaum hmo ntuj, sab nraud, hauv ntuj ntuj hu ua halgadom, tab sis lawv kuj tuaj yeem nyob hauv qhov chaw ntiav. Lub plab yog coj los ntawm ib tug txiv plig, lub Goði, tab sis tag nrho cov neeg koom. Qhov kev cai raus tes yog lub caij pib ntawm kev kho kom zoo thiab ua tib zoo saib raws li lub teeb pom kev ntawm hluav taws dawb, uas yog lub npe ntawm cov koom haum nruab nrab ntawm cov txiv neej thiab leej niam. Lub ritual yog interspersed nrog lub chanting ntawm galdrar (singular, galdr), ib yam dab tsi uas peb tau txhais nrog incantations. Tom qab ntawd, lawv sablaj txog qhov tseeb, lub npe ntawm cov lus qhuab qhia, thiab tom qab ntawd lawv muab lub hwjchim ua nrog Thorshammer, lub hwj chim dawb ceev thiab lub cim ntawm Thor. Nyob rau hauv no txoj kev haus dej ua ib qho ntawm kev txawj ntse, thiab nws yog poured mus rau lub av dawb ceev zoo li ib tug libation thiab sib koom thiab incorporated nyob rau hauv tag nrho cov tswv cuab uas yog ua. Qhov no xam tag nrho cov poj koob yawm txwv thiab cov ntsuj plig zoo li Alfar thiab Disir. Nws yog ib hom kev txi ntawm lawv tus kheej rau cov tswv ntuj, raws li Odin / Godan tau ua nyob rau hauv Poetic Edda myths (Complicated Odinta lub website thiab Zoccatelli 2013).

Lwm txoj kev ua yeeb yam tau ua los ntawm CO yog qhov uas "lub siab tshaj plaws." Cov no yog cov rooj sablaj uas lub koomhaum pabcuam hauv lub koomhaum thiab lwm yam kev sablaj tau sib tham thiab kev tswjhwm (Comunità Odinista website, Zoccatelli 2013).

CO lub caij nyoog tsis yog qhov kev npaj ua keeb kwm rov qab. Tiam sis, lawv xav kom hloov txoj kev ntseeg mus rau qhov kev xav tau ntawm lub xyoo pua nees nkaum thiaj li ua kom Odinism siv tau thiab siv tau tam sim no cov lus teb rau cov tib neeg, uas muaj kev koom ua neej tam sim no.

ORGANIZATION / LEADERSHIP

The community does not have a hierarchical organisation, but is structured in order to favor the contributions of each member. The Corte di Gambara [Image at right] is the governing council of the CO; the name  refers to the mythical priestess and leader of the ancient Lombards people. The council establishes and organises the blótar, the “thing,” and all the other ritual performances. It also deals with the formation of the invocators, Goðar, (singular, Goði) and deliberates on the admission of new members. The official CO magazine, L'Araldo di Thule, yog xav tau (zoo li daim ntawv qhia hnub, phau ntawv Kuv fuochi di Gambara thiab cov Rooj sablaj Odinista) kev cob qhia kev txwv rau cov tswv cuab.

Hauv yav dhau los, cov pa roj carbon monoxide faib ua pawg, hu ua fratellanze, (kwv tij kwv tij), raws li txawv cheeb tsam. Hnub no lub teb chaws ntawm cov cheeb tsam no tseem muaj kev hwm thiab txhawb, tab sis tsis muaj cov pab pawg los yog cov kwv tij txij thaum CO yog kev tswj hwm lub npe (Comunità website ntawm; Zoccatelli 2013).

Hundingr-Gisulf, the CO founder, still plays the role of Goði and holds the title of “Goði of the whole community.” Therefore, during the rituals he is the invocator of all Lombard people. In 2017, Hundingr-Gisulf  left the direct management of CO to fully dedicate himself to meditation and to contribute to the CO’s work, leaving the coordination role to the Corte di Gambara.

TEEB MEEM / CHALLENGES

CO feem ntau cuam tshuam ncaj qha kev cuag ncua; cov pab pawg tsis txaus siab nyob rau hauv kev sib koom tes thiab ua rau lawv cov naj npawb. Lawv txais tsuas yog cov uas xav paub txoj haujlwm ntawm sab ntsuj plig.

Lawv lub hom phiaj yog nyob rau hauv zej zog, uas yog xav tias yog ib tsev neeg, thiab ntawm cov cuab yeej cuab tam ntawm txoj cai uas yuav tsum tau khaws cai thiab dhau mus rau lawv cov xeeb leej xeeb ntxwv. Lawv tsis qhia txoj haujlwm tseemceeb, cov neeg ua haujlwm lossis cov kev xav (los ntawm kev nom tswv twg) ntawm lwm pawg kev ntseeg hauv pagan panoramas. Rau cov laj thawj no lawv tau tso ntau yam kev tawm tswv yim rau lawv. Tam sim no lub CO muaj kev sib raug zoo nrog cov lus Askiv nyob hauv Odinic Rite nkaus xwb.

CO intends itself to be a movement without any political and ideological identity, and so the group does not pursue official recognition by the state as a religious organization. CO considers such recognition to be a contemporary and decadent neopagan concept, without any concrete effect or benefit. CO maintains its independence from all political-administrative entities, political parties, administrations and therefore does not accept any financial contributions. The members of the CO are all integrated into modern Italian society,  but concerning their spiritual lives they do not recognize modern Italy as their cultural referent. Their real nation is Langbard. Their relationship with Italy as a nation is exclusively the promotion of group legality, respect for the law, and payment of mandatory taxes (Comunità Odinista website n.d.; Zoccatelli 2013).

DLAWS

Image #1: The CO’s official logo with the principles Faith-Folk-Familiy. Copyright by Comunità Odinista. All rights reserved.
Image # 2: Chij ntawm Langbard.
Image # 3: Npaj caij nyoog thiab lub hlis hli.
Image #4: CO’s organization.

ua tim khawv

Comunità Odinista lub website. nd Pawg los ntawm http://www.comunitaodinista.org/homepageco.htm  nyob rau 20 May 2018.

Introvigne, Massimo thiab Zoccatelli, Pierluigi. 2013. "Kev cai dab qhuas ntawm kev coj noj coj ua thiab kev txhawb nqa." Pp. 7-47 nyob rau hauv Enciclopedia delle religioni hauv Italia, tawm los ntawm Massimo Introvigne thiab PierLuigi Zoccatelli. Torino: ElleDiCi.

Zoccatelli, PierLuigi. 2013. "La nostra patria si chiama Langbard. Intervista alla Comunità Odinista. "Pp. 71-90 nyob rau hauv Enciclopedia delle religioni hauv Italia, tawm los ntawm Massimo Introvigne thiab PierLuigi Zoccatelli. Torino: ElleDiCi ..

Hnubtim:
11 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2018

Qhia
Hloov tshiab: - 11:52 teev tsaus ntuj

Copyright © 2016 Ntiaj Teb Kev Ntseeg thiab Kev Ntseeg Vaj Tswv

Tag nrho cov cai qhaib

Web Design by Luke Alexander