Markus Davidsen

Jedi Community

JEDI COMMUNITY TIMELINE

1977:  Star Wars, tom qab renamed Lub hnub qub Wars rov IV: Ib tug Tshiab Kev Cia Siab, ua yeeb yam. Nws tau qhia txog kev xav ntawm Force thiab Jedi Knights thiab yeej rau Oscars.

1988: Tus kws tshawb fawb keeb kwm Joseph Campbell hais rau Bill Moyers tias nws tau txiav txim siab Star Wars los ua ib tug niaj hnub dab neeg.

1998: Lub Jedi Academy, lub vev xaib suav nrog thawj lub rooj sib tham hauv online rau Jedi Realists, tau tsim los ntawm Baal Legato.

2001: Jedi Census Phenomenon. Ntau tshaj 500,000 tus neeg tau sau "Jedi" raws li lawv txoj kev ntseeg hauv New Zealand, Canada, Great Britain, thiab Australia ua ke.

2001: Jediism: Kev ntseeg Jedi tau tsim los ntawm David Dolan. Nws tseem yog pawg neeg Jediist tseem ceeb hauv online kom txog rau thaum 2005.

2002: Thawj lub tebchaws sib sau ua ke ntawm Jedi Zej Zog hauv Tebchaws Meskas tau tshwm sim.

2005: Rev. John Henry Phelan (aka Tij Laug John) tau tsim lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order, uas tau los ua lub vev xaib Jediist ntau tshaj plaws.

2007: Daniel Jones tau tsim lub Koom Txoos Jediism hauv tebchaws United Kingdom.

2015:  Lub Jedi Compass: Sau Ua Haujlwm ntawm Lub Zej Zog Jedi tau luam tawm.

2016: Lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order tau thov rau kev lees paub kev cai lij choj hauv tebchaws United Kingdom raws li lub koom haum kev ntseeg tab sis raug muab tso tseg.

FOUNDER / GROUP KEEB KWM

Lub Zedi Zej Zog yog cov ntawv tseeb-raws li kev cai dab qhuas milieu (cf. Davidsen 2013) nyob rau ntawm George Lucas ' Star Wars tsos. Los ntawm Star Wars Lub neej tiag tiag Jedi tau txais yuav tus kheej li Jedi Knights thiab kev ntseeg hauv Force, tsis yog tus kheej, cosmic hwj chim nyob rau hauv lub Star Wars ntug. Thawj Star Wars movie premiered nyob rau hauv 1977, [Duab ntawm txoj cai] thiab nyob rau hauv kev xam phaj Lucas tau hais tias nws "tso lub Force rau hauv cov yeeb yam thiaj li yuav awaken ib yam ntawm sab ntsuj plig rau cov hluas" (Moyers 1999; cf. kuj Davidsen 2016a: 381- 82). Nws tsis yog txog xyoo 1995, txawm li cas los xij, tias Jedi Zej Zog pib tawm hauv online Star Wars kev ua yeeb yam hauv zej zog. Lub sij hawm no ib pawg ntawm Star Wars roleplayers, uas thaum kawg yuav tau txais lub npe Jedi Realists rau lawv tus kheej, pib sib tham txog yuav ua li cas siv lub tswv yim ntawm Jedi Knights hauv lawv lub neej. Lawv lub hom phiaj yog kom rov tsim dua, kom raug raws li qhov ua tau, Jedi Knights ntawm Star Wars nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb tiag tiag, thiab lub hauv paus rau qhov kev sim siab no yog kev tsim cov chaw kawm online uas cov tswv cuab tuaj yeem kawm txog Jedi kev coj ncaj ncees thiab kawm txog Lub Zog.

Lub vev xaib Jedi Realist ntxov tshaj plaws yog tej zaum Kharis Nightflyer's Jedi Praxeum ntawm Yavin 4 (launched thaum Lub Kaum Ob Hlis 1995), tab sis Baal Legato's Jedi Academy (active 1998-2003), uas suav nrog lub rooj sib tham nquag, yog thawj qhov chaw sib tham tiag tiag rau Jedi Realists thiab lub hauv paus hub hauv Jedi Community ntawm 1999 thiab 2002 (Macleod 2008: 16). Hauv lawv qhov kev sim ua kom rov tsim dua Jedi txoj kev ntawm lub neej, Jedi Realists tsis yog raws li lawv tus kheej los ntawm Star Wars tsos. Lawv kuj tau txais kev tshoov siab los ntawm Jedi-tsim tshuaj ntxiv rau Lub Hnub Qub Wars: Kev Ua Si Ua Si thiab los ntawm Kevin J. Anderson's Jedi Academy trilogy (1994) uas qhia txog Lukas Skywalker qhov kev kho dua tshiab ntawm Jedi Order thiab nws txoj kev cob qhia ntawm ib tiam tshiab ntawm Jedi Knights (cf. Davidsen 2017: 12-13). Xav txog lawv cov RPG-cov cuab yeej cuab tam, feem ntau ntawm qhov loj Jedi Realist qhov chaw thaum ntxov, suav nrog Jedi ntawm New Millennium (active 1997-2004), Jedi Creed (active 1999-2001), thiab Jedi Tuam Tsev (active 2000-2009), ua ke roleplaying thiab loj Jedi kev cob qhia ntawm lawv qhov chaw (Macleod 2008: 14, 21), tab sis nyob ib ncig ntawm 2000 Jedi Realist pab pawg tau pib tawm uas tau txiav lawv txoj kev sib raug zoo rau lub zej zog lub luag haujlwm yav dhau los. Cov pab pawg no suav nrog Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Arts (active 2000-2005) thiab lub koom haum Jedi influential (tom qab renamed JEDI; nquag 2001-2006).

Xyoo 2001, ntau tshaj 500,000 tus neeg hauv New Zealand, Australia, Canada, thiab Great Britain tau muab tso tseg. lawv txoj kev ntseeg kev ntseeg raws li "Jedi" hauv kev suav pej xeem hauv teb chaws los teb rau cov xov xwm-hyped saw mail uas tau nthuav tawm ua ntej ntawm cov kev tshawb fawb (Porter 2006: 96-98; Possamai 2005: 72-73; Singler 2014: 154; Davidsen 2017 :15). Qhov no hu ua Jedi Census Phenomenon tau pib los ntawm cov tib neeg uas tsis koom nrog hauv Jedi Community kom raug, nws cuam tshuam rau Jedi Zej Zog hauv ntau txoj hauv kev. Qee cov neeg laus Jedi Realists, suav nrog Jedi Creed, tau ploj mus vim muaj kev tsis sib haum xeeb sab hauv hais txog yuav ua li cas thiaj li daws tau qhov xwm txheej tam sim ntawd (Davidsen 2017: 14). Qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws, txawm li cas los xij, Jedi Census Phenomenon tau tshoov siab rau tib neeg kom pom ib hom tshiab ntawm Jedi pawg uas hu lawv tus kheej ua pawg ntseeg (tsis yog kev kawm) thiab cov tswvcuab suav tias lawv tus kheej ua raws li kev ntseeg tiag tiag, Jediism. David Dolan pawg Jediism: Lub Jedi Kev ntseeg yog thawj pab pawg. Nws tau dhau los ua tsis muaj zog hauv 2006, tab sis ntawm nws cov thawj coj ncaj ncees yog ntau pawg neeg Jediist, suav nrog Jedi Sanctuary (active 2003-2007) thiab Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order (tsim 2005 los ntawm John Henry Phelan). Cov pawg Jediist tseem ceeb tshaj plaws tsis cuam tshuam txog Jediism: Jedi Kev ntseeg yog New Zealand-based Jedi Lub Koom Txoos (tsim 2003) thiab UK-based Church of Jediism (tsim 2007 los ntawm Daniel Jones).

Nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua nees nkaum, qhov kev loj hlob tseem ceeb tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv Jedi Community tau tshwm sim ntawm cov pab pawg uas tau ntsib hauv lub neej tiag tiag es tsis yog hauv Internet. Cov pab pawg no suav nrog Chicago Jedi (tsim 2006) thiab California Jedi (tsim 2012), nrog rau cov pab pawg zoo sib xws sab nraum Tebchaws Meskas. Hauv Asmeskas, qhov twg Jedi feem ntau nyob, kev sib sau ua ke hauv tebchaws txhua xyoo tau tsim txij li xyoo 2002. Kev sib sau hauv zos thiab hauv tebchaws, nyiam cov Jedi Realists thiab Jediists, tau tshaj tawm thoob plaws Jedi Community thiab tau txais kev txhawb nqa los ntawm Facebook pawg thiab lub vev xaib sib sau ua ke hauv tebchaws (Davidsen 2017: 17-18).

DOCTRINES / TXHEEJ TXHEEM

Jedi ntawm tag nrho cov kab txaij pom zoo tias Star Wars yog lawv lub hauv paus ntawm kev tshoov siab, tab sis lawv kuj tuav, raws li qhov tseeb, qhov ntawd Star Wars yog ntawv tseeb. Qhov ntawd yog hais tias: Jedi tsis xav txog zaj dab neeg lossis cov cim ntawm Star Wars kom muaj tseeb, thiab lawv tsis suav George Lucas ua ib tug yaj saub, tab sis lawv xav txog Lub Zog los ua ib lo lus siv tau rau lub zog tiag tiag, lub zog cosmic uas muaj nyob hauv lub ntiaj teb tiag. Lawv kuj xav txog Jedi Knights ntawm Star Wars los ua tus qauv uas nws muaj nuj nqis thiab lub tswv yim yog universal thiab tsim nyog xav tau.

Ob tug yam ntxwv sib koom ntxiv ua raws li kev xav los ntawm kev lees txais Star Wars raws li Jedi Community's scriptural center. Ua ntej, txhua pawg Jedi ua raws li qee qhov ntawm Jedi Code, thawj version uas tau luam tawm xyoo 1987 hauv Lub Hnub Qub Wars: Kev Ua Si Ua Si (Costikyan 1987: 69). Qhov no version, feem ntau hu ua "Orthodox Code," sau raws li nram no:

Tsis muaj kev xav, muaj kev thaj yeeb.

Tsis muaj ignorance, muaj kev txawj ntse.

Tsis muaj kev mob siab rau, muaj kev thaj yeeb nyab xeeb.

Tsis muaj kev tuag, muaj Force.

Qhov thib ob Star Wars-Txoj kev txiav txim siab feem ntau ntawm txhua pawg Jedi yog cov lus qhuab qhia tseem ceeb ntawm cosmology (thiab kev coj ncaj ncees), tsis yog ntawm keeb kwm ntawm cosmic thiab kev cawmdim. Qhov tseem ceeb no tsis yog random, tab sis ua raws li ib txwm los ntawm hom kev ntseeg kev ntseeg 'tau txais' los ntawm Star Wars zaj dab neeg (cf. Davidsen 2016b). Tseeb, nyob rau hauv cov lus qhia ntawm Jedi Knights nyob rau hauv Star Wars peb pom cov tswv yim hais txog lub neej thiab qhov xwm txheej ntawm Force (kev cai dab qhuas cosmology), thiab kev ntseeg muaj feem cuam tshuam tias txhua tus neeg muaj tus ntsuj plig lossis tus ntsuj plig uas yog qee yam txuas nrog Force thiab rov qab mus rau 'Netherworld of the Force' tom qab tuag (kev cai dab qhuas anthropology). Los ntawm qhov sib txawv, Star Wars Jedi nyob ntsiag to ntawm cov teeb meem ntawm keeb kwm cosmic. Lawv tsis muaj ib yam dab tsi hais txog yuav ua li cas thiab yog vim li cas lub ntiaj teb tuaj ua (protology), tsis hais txog cov teeb meem ntawm eschatology lossis soteriology. Lub Jedi nyob hauv lub ntiaj teb tiag tiag ua raws li qhov tseem ceeb: lawv ntseeg hauv Lub Zog thiab sib cav tias thaum tuag tus neeg tus ntsuj plig / ntsuj plig rov qab los lossis koom nrog lub zog cosmic. Lawv tsis tau tsim cov lus qhuab qhia tseem ceeb lossis cov lus qhuab qhia soteriological, txawm tias qee tus neeg Jediists yuav hais tias Lub Zog muaj lub hom phiaj rau peb thiab txhua yam tshwm sim rau lub hom phiaj.

Hauv Jedi Zej Zog kuj tseem muaj kev tsis sib haum xeeb, thiab cov kev txhawj xeeb txog kev ntseeg, kev ua koob tsheej, thiab kev koom ua ke. Qhov sib txawv ntawm cov kev txwv no feem ntau cuam tshuam nrog ib leeg thiab nrog kev txheeb xyuas tus kheej li Jedi Realist vis-à-vis Jediist. Hais txog cov lus qhuab qhia, qhov sib txawv tseem ceeb ntawm Jedi Realists thiab Jediists txhawj xeeb txog lawv txoj kev xav ntawm Force, lawv "dynamology." Jedi Realists nyiam saib Force hauv dynamistic cov ntsiab lus, raws li ib tug kuj passive thiab vitalistic zog los yog lub neej lub zog. Piv txwv li, Force Academy thiab Ashla Knights, piv txwv li, piv rau Force nrog rau sab hnub tuaj lub tswv yim, xws li chi thiab prana, thiab saib zoo sib xws ntawm lawv tus kheej xyaum thiab tai chi, aikido, thiab Zen. Jediist pawg, los ntawm qhov sib txawv, ua ke dynamism nrog ntau dua animistic conception ntawm Force raws li tus neeg sawv cev ywj pheej uas tuaj yeem cuam tshuam hauv ntiaj teb thiab leej twg nws thiaj li ua rau muaj kev nkag siab rau hauv kev thov Vajtswv.

Lwm lub ntsiab lus ntawm cov lus qhuab qhia tsis sib haum xeeb muaj kev txhawj xeeb uas lwm qhov chaw tshaj li qhov Star Wars cov yeeb yaj kiab ib tus tuaj yeem ua tau raws li txoj cai thaum muab cov lus qhuab qhia thiab kev ua koob tsheej ua ke rau ib txoj hauv kev Jedi. Ib lub chaw pw (Kuv yuav hu lawv purists) sib cav hais tias cov tsos yuav tsum tau supplemented los ntawm cov khoom los ntawm dab tsi Star Wars kiv cua xa mus rau raws li Expanded Universe, piv txwv li cov ntaub ntawv tso cai Star Wars novels, video games, thiab roleplaying games. Qhov kev coj dawb huv no yog tus qauv thaum Jedi Realism thawj zaug tawm ntawm Star Wars kev ua yeeb yam hauv zej zog. Ntau xyoo dhau los, txawm li cas los xij, ntau tus neeg tau txais kev nyiam rau Jedi Realism thiab Jediism uas nyiam cov Star Wars movies tab sis tsis hardcore Star Wars kiv cua. Ib feem yog vim li no, feem ntau Jedi niaj hnub no, suav nrog tag nrho Jediists thiab ntau Jedi Realists, tuaj yeem piav qhia tau zoo dua. syncretics, nyob rau hauv lub siab hais tias lawv kos rau ntawm ob Star Wars thiab cov khoom siv los ntawm cov kev ntseeg ib txwm siv thaum tsim lawv cov lus qhuab qhia thiab kev coj ua. Qhov tseeb, cov Jedi lawv tus kheej feem ntau siv lo lus "syncretism" los xa lawv cov kev coj ua ntawm bricolage. Ob leeg Jedi Realist thiab Jediist syncretics kawm New Age thiab Western cov ntawv nyeem, xws li Alan Watt's Phau ntawv: Ntawm Taboo Tawm Tsam Tsis Paub Koj Yog Leej Twg (1966) thiab Dan Millman's Txoj kev ntawm kev sib haum xeeb Warrior (1984). Tsis tas li ntawd, Jediist syncretics feem ntau kos kev tshoov siab los ntawm cov ntseeg Vajtswv. Piv txwv li, Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order tau tsim ib Jedi Creed uas yog qhov tseeb hloov kho ntawm ib qho ntawm Francis ntawm Assisi cov lus thov (Txoj Kev Jediism 2010: 10). Ntau tus neeg txawj ntse hauv zej zog Jedi tau tshaj tawm cov phau ntawv hais txog Jedi txoj kev (saib Davidsen 2017: 25 rau kev siv), thiab cov thawj coj los ntawm thoob plaws Jedi Community tau ua haujlwm ua ke los luam tawm ob phau ntawv sau, Lub Great Jedi Holocron (Yau 2006) and Jedi Compass (Jedi Community 2015).

Rituals / kev xyaum

Kev ntseeg ntawm Jedi Knights hauv Star Wars yog tsis muaj feem ntau ntawm cov kev coj ua uas tib neeg ib txwm koom nrog kev ntseeg "tiag tiag". Cov Star Wars Cov yeeb yaj kiab tsis muaj kev thov Vajtswv, kev ntseeg, kev txi, cov lus qhuab qhia, lossis kev ua raws li txoj cai, tab sis cov Jedi (thiab lwm cov cim) siv qhov kev zoo siab "Thov kom Lub Zog Nrog Koj" ua kev zoo siab tos txais thiab peb pom ntau yam Jedi Knights xav txog (thiab Darth Vader. ib yam nkaus; nws muaj lub qe xav). Lawm, Jedi Zej Zog tau txais ob qho tib si Force benediction (qee zaum MTFBWY) thiab kev xav.

Thaum kev xav yog qhov tseem ceeb, feem ntau Jedi tau siv sijhawm ntau dua rau ob qho kev coj ua: kev ua tus kheej zoo dua thiab kev pabcuam hauv zej zog. Lub Jedi kev coj ncaj ncees ntawm kev ua kom tus kheej zoo tshaj tawm cov kev cob qhia lub cev thiab kev txawj ntse, thiab feem ntau Jedi xyaum ua yeeb yam, kawm txog Lub Zog, thiab pab txhawb rau kev sib tham hauv zej zog ntawm Jedi txoj kev ntawm lub neej. Tsis tas li ntawd, txhua tus Jediists (tab sis tsuas yog qee tus Jedi Realists) xav txog kev pabcuam hauv zej zog los ua lub cim ntawm Jedihood. Qee pawg Jediist tau tsim ntau dua lossis tsawg dua cov kev pabcuam hauv zej zog. Piv txwv li Kev Txiav Txim ntawm Jedi (Canada), piv txwv li, siv los muab kev pab rau hauv cov ntawv xov xwm hauv zej zog, lossis ua haujlwm tsis qhia npe, tawm hauv daim npav tsis qhia npe nrog cov lus:

Ib qho kev pab tau muab los ntawm,

ib tug tswv cuab ntawm:

Kev txiav txim ntawm Jedi Canada

www.orderofthejedi.ca

cog lus [sic] qhia kom muaj nuj nqis,

los ntawm kev coj ncaj ncees thiab kev coj ncaj ncees (hais hauv Vossler 2009: 66).

Thaum Jedi Realists thiab Jediists qhia txog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev xav, kev zoo rau tus kheej, thiab (rau qee qhov) kev pabcuam hauv zej zog, tsuas yog Jediists tsom los txhim kho txhua yam kev coj ua uas muaj kev ntseeg puv ntoob xav tau tab sis qhov ntawd Star Wars tsis muaj. Thiab ntawm tag nrho cov pab pawg neeg Jediist, lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order tau tsim kom tiav liturgy. Dhau li ntawm rituals rau kev pib ua Knight (rau tag nrho lwm pawg Jedi muaj qhov sib npaug), Lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order tau tsim rituals rau kev sib yuav thiab ntees tuag thiab rau kev fij ntawm thaj av thiab cov tuam tsev (Txoj Kev Jediism 2010). Tsis tas li ntawd, raws li cov tswv cuab ntawm pab pawg piav qhia, Lub Tuam Tsev tsim "cov lus qhuab qhia tsis tu ncua txhua tsib hnub, nrog rau ib hmos, cov kev pabcuam nyob hauv lub sijhawm nyob hauv TotJO lub vev xaib chav sib tham" (Williams, Miller, and Kitchen 2017:121). Cov kev pabcuam no feem ntau xaus nrog ib pab pawg recitation ntawm Jedi Creed (Williams, Miller, thiab Chav Ua Noj 2017: 131). Thoob plaws hauv pab pawg neeg keeb kwm, cov tswv cuab tau ua haujlwm nyob rau hauv tsib "pab pawg tshwj xeeb" (yav tas los "kev cai dab qhuas") uas tsim cov kab ke ntxiv rau cov tswv cuab ntawm ntau yam kev cai dab qhuas. Tsib pab pawg tshwj xeeb yog Pure Land (ntawm no lub ntsiab lus Star Wars xwb), Abrahamic, Pagan, Buddhist, thiab Humanist (Txoj Kev Jediism 2010: 18).

ORGANIZATION / LEADERSHIP
Txhua pawg Jedi raug teeb tsa raws li kev txiav txim siab pib thiab xav tau qee qhov kev kawm, kev pom zoo los ntawm tus tswv, thiab qee zaum ua tiav ntawm kev xeem ua ntej ib tus tuaj yeem nce mus rau qib ntawm tag nrho, pib cov tswv cuab. Cov uas tau ua tiav qib no feem ntau hu ua Jedi Knights. Cov kev kawm feem ntau muaj ob theem. Ua ntej, cov tub ntxhais kawm yuav tsum tau ua haujlwm los ntawm cov txheej txheem qhia txog kev ntseeg ntawm Jedi Knights hauv Star Wars, keeb kwm ntawm lub ntiaj teb tiag Jedi Community, thiab cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv, xws li cov phau ntawv los ntawm Alan Watts thiab Joseph Campbell. Thaum theem no, cov tub ntxhais kawm kuj paub lawv tus kheej nrog cov lus qhuab qhia tseem ceeb uas tsim los ntawm cov tswv cuab ntawm Jedi Community, xws li Jedi Kidohdin's "16 Basic Teachings" thiab Jedi Opie Macleod's "Jedi Circle" (Trout 2012). [Duab ntawm sab xis] Theem ob muaj kev kawm tus kheej raws li kev qhia ntawm Jedi Master. Zoo li hauv Star Wars, Jedi Knights (thiab Jedi tuav cov npe sib npaug) muaj cai cob qhia cov tub ntxhais kawm mus txog qib Knight. Kev nce qib mus rau qib ntawm Knight los nrog kev ua koob tsheej uas cov tub rog-rau-ua tau cog lus thiab raug cai knighted. Jedi Knights uas tau tsa qee tus lej ntawm lwm tus Jedi rau qib Knight (peb hauv lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order; ob leeg hauv Jedi Academy Online) thiab leej twg tau ua pov thawj lawv tus kheej tsim nyog rau lwm txoj hauv kev zoo li, nce qib ntawm Jedi. Tswv.

Jedi Zej Zog yog ntau haiv neeg milieu tsim los ntawm ntau qhov kev txiav txim ywj pheej thiab tshooj. Xws li, Jedi Zej Zog tsis muaj ib tus thawj coj uas tuaj yeem hais lus rau tag nrho lub zej zog, txawm hais tias nws ua haujlwm ntau tus neeg txawj ntse, suav nrog Jedi Opie Macleod (Jedi Academy Online) thiab Tij Laug John Phelan (Lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order). Qhov tseem ceeb, thiab sib piv rau ntau lwm yam kev ntseeg tshiab, tsis muaj ib tus thawj coj txawj ntse ntawm Jedi Zej Zog tau tshaj tawm qhov kev thov kom muaj txiaj ntsig zoo tshaj plaws. Cov thawj coj tsis tau thov kom tau txais kev tshwm sim tshwj xeeb los ntawm Lub Zog, thiab lawv tsis lees tias Lub Zog muab kev kho mob lossis lub siab nyeem lub zog tshaj qhov nruab nrab Jedi tuaj yeem xav tau. Hauv cov thawj coj hauv ntiaj teb ntau dua nyob rau hauv Jedi Zej Zog tau txais txoj cai thiab muaj koob meej los ntawm kev txhawb nqa kev tsim kho rau kev sib koom ua ke ntawm kev txheeb xyuas qhov ua Jedi yog dab tsi, thiab los ntawm kev pab txhawb qhov kev sib tham tsis tu ncua raws li cov thawj coj txhim khu kev qha. Tej zaum charisma tau niaj hnub ua nyob rau hauv Jedi Community txoj cai txij thaum pib vim lub luag haujlwm ntawm charismatic tus tsim cov duab twb tau sau los ntawm Jedi cim los ntawm Star Wars tsos. Txawm hais tias muaj ntau qhov xwm txheej ntawm Jedi Zej Zog, kev sib koom ua ke tau txhawb nqa los ntawm kev sib koom tes, xws li kev sib sau ua ke hauv tebchaws Meskas (txij li xyoo 2002) thiab digital peb lub hlis twg. Lub Holocron (tawm xyoo 2015), nrog rau qhov tseeb tias feem ntau Jedi yog cov tswv cuab ntawm ob peb pawg tib lub sijhawm.

Kev suav pej xeem xyoo 2001 suav ib nrab ntawm ib lab Jedi, tab sis nws nyuaj rau kwv yees tias pes tsawg tus tswv cuab yeej ua haujlwm hauv Jedi Community. Cov tswv cuab ntawm lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order kwv yees tag nrho cov neeg sau npe hauv pab pawg kom nyob ib puag ncig 2,000, ntawm uas tsis pub ntau tshaj 200 ua rau lub hauv paus tseem ceeb; thoob ntiaj teb lawv kwv yees tag nrho cov neeg Jedi tsis siab tshaj 4,000-5,000 (Williams, Miller, thiab Chav Ua Noj 2017: 132-33). Qhov no yog qhov tseeb qhov kev kwv yees ntxhib, tab sis nws zoo li qhov tseeb tias qhov kev suav pej xeem ntsuas Jedi hauv ntau pua txhiab tus neeg, nws yog qhov tseeb dua los ntsuas cov tswv cuab ntawm Jedi Zej Zog hauv ntau txhiab tus neeg nyiam thiab cov tswv cuab tsis zoo los ntawm kaum tawm txhiab. Raws li thaj chaw, feem ntau Jedi hail los ntawm Tebchaws Meskas, Tebchaws Askiv, thiab lwm lub tebchaws hais lus Askiv, tab sis kuj tseem muaj cov tshooj Jedi hauv zos thiab tsis yog Anglophone Facebook pawg raws li piv txwv Denmark thiab Brazil. Feem ntau Jedi yog txiv neej dawb, hnub nyoog nees nkaum txog plaub caug 4 (Williams, Miller, thiab Chav Ua Noj 2017: 132), tab sis qhov nce hauv kev ua si offline zoo li tau ua rau Jedi Zej Zog zoo nkauj dua rau cov poj niam.

TEEB MEEM / CHALLENGES

Txhua tus tswv cuab ntawm Jedi Zej Zog pom zoo tias txoj hauv kev ntawm Jedi yog qhov tseeb thiab hnyav, tab sis muaj kev tsis pom zoo ntawm cov lus nug seb Jedi pawg, vim li cas, yuav tsum muaj kev sib cav txog kev lees paub raws li kev ntseeg. Kev lees paub kev cai lij choj yog lub hom phiaj tseem ceeb rau Jediists, tab sis Jedi Realists tsis lees txais qhov project no vim tias lawv xav txog Jedi Path yog (liberating) lub tswv yim ntawm lub neej es tsis yog (dull) kev ntseeg.

Thawj pab pawg neeg Jediist tau txais kev lees paub raws cai raws li kev ntseeg yog lub Tuam Tsev Jedi Order, uas tau koom ua lub koom haum tsis muaj txiaj ntsig nrog 501(c)(3) Asmeskas cov se hauv nws lub xeev Texas los ntawm John Henry Phelan ( aka Tij Laug John) thaum lub Kaum Ob Hlis 25, 2005 (Singler 2014: 164). Hauv kev nrhiav kev lees paub kev cai lij choj, Phelan tau txais kev tshoov siab los ntawm pawg Jediist yav dhau los, Jedi Sanctuary, uas tau sau npe ua ib lub koom txoos hauv Universal Life Church (ID naj npawb 61842) thiab yog li ntawd tau txais txoj cai los xaiv tsa nom tswv thiab tshaj tawm BA, MA. , thiab Doctorate Degrees hauv Divinity. Los ntawm kev tso npe rau lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order ua lub tsev teev ntuj hauv nws txoj cai, Phelan tsis tsuas yog tau txais kev zam se rau nws pab pawg, tab sis kuj tau txais txoj cai los xaiv tsa cov thawj coj uas tuaj yeem ua haujlwm raws li kev lees paub kev sib yuav. Lub Tuam Tsev kuj tau txais txoj cai los muab nws tus kheej Degrees hauv Divinity (Jediism). Cov pab pawg tam sim no muab cov Associate Degree ntawm Divinity los pib Knights thiab Bachelor Degree hauv Divinity rau Senior Knights; tus kws kho mob ntawm Divinity yog tshwj tseg raws li kev kawm tiav qib siab (Williams, Miller, thiab Chav Ua Noj 2017: 130-31). Ua raws li qhov piv txwv ntawm Lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order, Qhov Kev Txiav Txim ntawm Jedi (Canada) tau thov rau cov xwm txheej raws li lub cev tsis muaj txiaj ntsig kev ntseeg thiab tau txais cov xwm txheej no hauv nws lub teb chaws hauv 2009 (McCormick 2012: 178) thiab hauv Tebchaws Asmeskas xyoo 2012.

Nyob rau hauv sib piv rau lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order thiab Order of the Jedi (Canada), Daniel Jones 'UK-raws li Lub Koom Txoos ntawm Jediism yog koom ua ke ua ib lub koom haum rau cov txiaj ntsig (cov tuam txhab txwv) (Singler 2014: 164). Nyob rau hauv Jediist camp, lub Koom Txoos ntawm Jediism kuj tawm mus rau lwm txoj hauv kev. Piv txwv li, Lub Koom Txoos ntawm Jediism txoj kev sib tw rau kev lees paub raws li kev ntseeg yog ua raws li tus nplaig-hauv-cheek style uas zoo li ludic tshwm sim ntawm lub Koom Txoos ntawm Flying Spaghetti Monster. Tsis zoo li Pastafarians uas xav hnav lub colander ntawm lawv daim ntawv tsav tsheb daim duab, Daniel Jones liam lub khw muag khoom loj Tesco rau kev ntxub ntxaug kev cai dab qhuas tom qab nws raug nug kom de-hood hauv ib lub khw muag khoom (Carter 2009). Nws kuj yog tus yam ntxwv ntawm lub Koom Txoos ntawm Jediism style uas lub koom haum lub vev xaib tshiab tau tshaj tawm rau "Tsib Plaub" 2017, hnub tseem ceeb ntawm kev ua koob tsheej rau Star Wars cov kiv cua, tab sis tsis yog qhov tseeb-nrhiav hnub so rau pawg ntseeg loj.

Kev koom ua lag luam rau cov txiaj ntsig thiab kev coj tus cwj pwm ntawm lub Koom Txoos Jediism, thiab Daniel Jones 'propensity los ua hyperbolic thov txog qhov loj thiab hnub nyoog ntawm nws lub koom haum, tau ua rau muaj kev ntxhov siab rau lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order thiab cov pab pawg zoo li xav tias muaj kev cuam tshuam. nyob rau hauv lawv cov kev sib ntaus sib tua rau kev nkag mus rau hauv lub club ntawm kev ntseeg raug cai (cf. Singler 2015: 170-71). Tseeb tiag, los ntawm qhov kev xav ntawm cov pab pawg no, kev sib ntaus sib tua rau kev lees paub tias yog kev ntseeg tiag tiag yuav tsum tau tawm tsam ntawm ob sab, ob qho tib si. tsis muaj Jedi Community thiab tsis pub dhau nws. Nws yog qhov kev poob siab tseem ceeb uas Lub Tuam Tsev Jedi Order daim ntawv thov rau kev lees paub raws li lub koom haum kev ntseeg kev cai dab qhuas hauv tebchaws United Kingdom tau raug muab tso tseg thaum xyoo 2016 vim tias pawg ntseeg tsis loj txaus. Ib tsab ntawv ceeb toom los ntawm United Kingdom tus thawj coj saib xyuas kev siab hlub tau hais tias

Pawg Neeg Saib Xyuas tsis txaus siab tias "Kev Pabcuam Nyob" hauv lub vev xaib, cov lus qhuab qhia tshaj tawm thiab kev txhawb nqa ntawm kev xav ua pov thawj kev sib raug zoo ntawm cov neeg koom nrog kev ntseeg thiab cov vajtswv, cov hauv paus ntsiab lus lossis yam uas tau hais los ntawm kev pe hawm, kev hwm thiab kev qhuas, kev hwm. intercession los yog lwm yam kev cai dab qhuas rite los yog kev pab cuam (hais nyob rau hauv Bingham 2016).

Qhov kev txiav txim tsis zoo yuav raug cuam tshuam los ntawm qhov tseeb tias lub Koom Txoos ntawm Jediism, thiab tsis yog Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order, yog lub ntsej muag ntawm Jediism hauv tebchaws United Kingdom.

DLAWS
Image # 1: Star Wars: Lub Jedi Academy Triology.
Image # 2: Daim ntawv qhia kev faib tawm ntawm cov tib neeg uas txheeb xyuas tias yog cov tswv cuab ntawm Jedi zej zog hauv tebchaws Askiv thiab Wales, 2001.
Image # 3: Duab ntawm Trout's The Jedi Circle: Jedi Philosophy for Everyday Live.

ua tim khawv

Anderson, Kevin J. 1994. Jedi Academy. Toronto: Bantam Phau Ntawv. (Suav nrog cov npe Jedi Nrhiav, Dark Apprentice, Thiab Champions ntawm Force.)

Bingham, John. 2016. "Txoj xov xwm phem rau Star Wars Obsessives: Jediism Officially Not a Religion." Txhua hnub ntaus xov tooj, Kaum Hlis 19. Tau txais los ntawm http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/12/19/bad-news-star-wars-obsessives-jediism-officially-not-religion nyob rau 5 Plaub Hlis 2017.

Carter, Helen. 2009. "Jedi Kev ntseeg Founder liam Tesco ntawm kev ntxub ntxaug tshaj cov cai ntawm Hoods." tus saib xyuas, Cuaj hlis 18. Tau txais los ntawm https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/sep/18/jedi-religion-tesco-hood-jones nyob rau 5 Plaub Hlis 2017.

Costikyan, Greg. Xyoo 1987. Lub Hnub Qub Wars: Kev Ua Si Ua Si. New York: West End Games. Ob tsab 1992; Thib ob, Hloov kho thiab nthuav tawm xyoo 1996.

Davidsen, Markus Altena, 2017. "Lub Jedi Zej Zog: Keeb Kwm thiab Folklore of a Fiction-based Religion." Cov lus qhia tshiab hauv Folklore 15:7-49 (Special Issue: “Cov Neeg Awakens: Star Wars thiab Folkloristics,” kho los ntawm John E. Nqe).

Davidsen, Markus Altena. 2016 a. “Los ntawm Star Wars rau Jediism: Qhov tshwm sim ntawm Kev Ntseeg Raws Li Kev Ntseeg. " Pp. 376-89, 571-75 ib Lo lus: Kev cai dab qhuas teeb meem, kho los ntawm Ernst van den Hemel thiab Asja Szafraniec. New York: Fordham University Press.

Davidsen, Markus Altena. 2016 ib. "Kev Ntseeg Kev Ntseeg ntawm Kev Ntseeg: Ib Txoj Kev Semiotic." Kev cai dab qhuas 46:521-49. (Tshaj tawm qhib nkag thiab muaj nyob ntawm http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0048721X.2016.1210392).

Davidsen, Markus Altena. 2013. "Kev ntseeg-raws li kev ntseeg: Conceptualising ib pawg tshiab tawm tsam keeb kwm-raws li kev ntseeg thiab Fandom." Kab lis kev cai thiab kev ntseeg: Phau ntawv Journal Interdisciplinary 14: 378-95.

Jedi Community. 2015. cov Jedi Compass: Sau Cov Haujlwm ntawm Lub Zej Zog Jedi. TsimSpace.

Macleod, Opie. 2008. "History of the Jedi Community 1998-2008." Accessed los ntawm http://www.templeofthejediorder.org/media/kunena/attachments/523/h979ab0a.pdf nyob rau 4 March 2017.

McCormick, Debra. 2012. “Lub Sanctification ntawm Star Wars: Los Ntawm Cov Ncua Sijhawm Rau Cov Neeg Ua Haujlwm” Pp 165-84 hauv Phau ntawv ntawm Hyper-real Religions, kho los ntawm Adam Possamai. Leiden thiab Boston: Brill.

Moyers, Bill. 1999. "Ntawm Tswv Ntuj thiab Txiv Neej: Kev Sib Tham ntawm Bill Moyers thiab George Lucas txog lub ntsiab lus ntawm Lub Zog thiab Kev Ntseeg Tseeb ntawm Star Wars. " Lub sij hawm, Lub Plaub Hlis 26. Tau txais los ntawm http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,23298-1,00.html nyob rau 30 March 2017.

Porter, Jennifer F. 2006. ““Kuv yog Jedi”: Star Wars Fandom, Kev ntseeg kev ntseeg, thiab kev suav pej xeem xyoo 2001. " Pp. 95-112 hli Finding lub zog ntawm lub Star Wars Franchise: Cov kiv cua, khoom muag, & Cov neeg thuam, kho los ntawm Matthew Wilhelm Kapell thiab John Shelton Lawrence. New York: Peter Lang.

Possamai, Adas. Xyoo 2005. Kev ntseeg thiab Nrov kab lis kev cai: Phau Testament Hyper-Real. Brussel: PIE Peter Lang.

Ib, Beth. 2015. "Internet-based New Kev ntseeg txav thiab kev daws teeb meem kev tsis sib haum xeeb." Pp. 161-78 ib Kev ntseeg thiab kev cai lij choj Pluralism, kho los ntawm Russell Sandberg. Farnham: Ashgate.

Ib, Beth. 2014. "'Saib Niam Nws Yog Tiag': UK Census, Jediism thiab Social Media." Phau Ntawv ntawm Kev Ntseeg hauv Tebchaws Europe 7: 150-68.

Txoj Kev Jediism. 2010. Tshaj tawm los ntawm Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order. Accessed los ntawm https://www.templeofthejediorder.org/media/kunena/attachments/523/haab2b3a_2014-11-19.pdf nyob rau 4 Plaub Hlis 2017.

Trout, Kevin S. (Opie Macleod). 2012. Lub Jedi Circle: Jedi Philosophy rau Lub Neej Txhua Hnub. Valencia, CA: Jedi Academy Online.

Vossler, Matthew T. 2009. Jedi Phau Ntawv Qhia Basic: Taw Qhia rau Jedi Knighthood. Rockville, MD: Dreamz-Work Publications.

Williams, Ash, Benjamin-Alexandre Miller, thiab Michael Kitchen. 2017. "Jediism thiab lub Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order." Pp. 119-33 ib Cov ntawv tseeb, Kev Tsim Kho thiab Hyper-kev muaj tiag: Los ntawm Nrov Kab lis kev cai mus rau kev ntseeg, kho los ntawm Carole M. Cusack thiab Pavol Kosnáč. London thiab New York: Routledge.

Aw, Adam, ed. Xyoo 2006. Lub Great Jedi Holocron. Tau txais los ntawm http://ashlaknights.net/support_documents/The%20Great%20Jedi%20Holocron%20-%20By%20Adam%20Yaw%202006.pdf. nyob rau 4 Plaub Hlis 2017.

SUPPLEMENTARY RESOURCES

Ashla Knights lub vev xaib. Accessed los ntawm http://www.ashlaknights.net nyob rau 4 Plaub Hlis 2017.

Lub Koom Txoos ntawm Jediism lub vev xaib. Accessed los ntawm https://thechurchofjediism.org nyob rau 28 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2017.

Force Academy lub vev xaib. Accessed los ntawm http://www.forceacademy.co.uk nyob rau 14 March 2017.

Lub koom haum ntawm Jedi Realist Studies lub vev xaib. Accessed los ntawm http://instituteforjedirealiststudies.org nyob rau 4 Plaub Hlis 2017.

Jedi Church lub vev xaib. Accessed los ntawm http://www.jedichurch.com nyob rau 4 Plaub Hlis 2017.

Tuam Tsev ntawm Jedi Order lub vev xaib. Accessed los ntawm http://www.templeofthejediorder.org 4 Plaub Hlis 2017.

Hnubtim:
21 Lub ob hlis ntuj 2018

 

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