David G. Bromley Jessica Smith

Fadia Ibrahim

FADIA IBRAHIM TIMELINE

1962: Fadia Ibrahim yug.

1990: Ibrahim tau tsiv los ntawm Beirut, Lebanon mus rau Canada.

2009 : Virgin Mary thawj zaug mus ntsib Fadia Ibrahim thaum lub sij hawm Mass, los ntawm sau tsab ntawv M ntawm nws txhais ceg hauv ntshav.

2010: Nyob rau hauv teb rau tam sim no ntau cov lus los ntawm Mary rau Ibrahim, ib pab pawg neeg Catholic nyob rau hauv Detroit, Michigan xa ib tug pej thuam ntawm nkauj xwb rau nws.

2010 (Lub Peb Hlis): Ibrahim pib pom tus pej thuam quaj kua muag roj.

2010 (Tsib Hlis / Lub Rau Hli): Mary hais kom Ibrahim tso tus mlom sab nraum nws lub tsev.

2010 (Lub Kaum Hli): Lub Nroog Windsor Ontario tau txais thawj qhov kev tsis txaus siab txog qhov muaj tus mlom.

2010 (thaum lub Kaum Ib Hlis): Cov Xov Xwm hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas tau tshaj tawm txog txoj cai, ua rau muaj neeg tuaj xyuas ntau ntxiv.

2010 (Kaum Ib Hlis 5): Tom qab kev tawm tsam rau kev nthuav tawm ntawm tus pej thuam sab nraum Ibrahim lub tsev, tus pej thuam tau tsiv mus rau St. Charbel Maronite Catholic Church.

FOUNDER / GROUP KEEB KWM

Tsis muaj leej twg paub txog Fadia Ibrahim lub neej ua ntej nws ntsib nrog Virgin Mary. Nws paub tias nws yug hauv 1962 nyob rau hauv Lebanon thiab tsiv mus rau Canada nyob ib ncig ntawm 1990 (Yonke 2010). Nws nyob hauv East Windsor hauv Ontario thaum lub sijhawm nws cov lus los ntawm Virgin Mary pib (Willick 2010). Ibrahim tau mus kawm St. Ignatius ntawm Antioch Church, ib lub tsev teev ntuj Orthodox Christian.

Ibrahim thawj zaug ntsib nrog tus nkauj xwb Mary tshwm sim thaum lub sij hawm Catholic Mass. Ib tug ntshav M tshwm rau ntawm Ibrahim ceg, muab tso rau ntawd, Ibrahim ceeb toom, los ntawm lub Virgin Mary (Wilhem 2010). Mary txuas ntxiv mus xyuas Ibrahim los ntawm cov lus thiab cov cim ntxiv ntawm nws lub cev. Ibrahim piav txog Maivliag li nram no: “Nws zoo nkauj heev. Nws tseem luag ntxhi. Nws npog nws lub taub hau. … Nws muaj 49, 50 xyoo [laus]. … Nws zoo li, kuv tsis paub yuav hais li cas, nws txawv. Nws txawv” (Yonke 2010). Thaum cov lus ntawm nws cov lus los ntawm Mary pib nthuav tawm, ib tsev neeg ntawm Chaldean Catholics los ntawm Detroit tau nthuav tawm ib lub thawv plaub-taw ntawm Virgin Mary rau Ibrahim (Yonke 2010). Nws ntseeg tau hais tias tus pej thuam Ameslikas los ntawm Los Angeles cheeb tsam (Morgan 2010).

Tom qab tau txais tus mlom, Ibrahim khaws cia hauv nws lub tsev. Nws yog hnub Canada (Lub Xya Hli 1), nws tau tshaj tawm, tias nws tus ntxhais nrhiav pom tias nws yog muab roj. Nws yog ib qho kev thov los ntawm Mary uas coj nws mus rau tom qab ntawd tsim ib lub pedestal nyob rau hauv nws cov nyom pem hauv ntej los tso saib tus pej thuam. Cov qhua pib tshwm tam sim ntawd, thiab ib txhia coj paj. Raws li Ibrahim, Mary tau txaus siab. Nws hais tias tus pej thuam luag ntxhi thiab zais roj. Tsis ntev tom qab tus pej thuam raug muab tso rau sab nraum tsev, Ibrahim pib tshaj tawm cov roj zais ntawm nws txhais tes. Ibrahim hais tias cov roj tuaj ntawm tus mlom thiab yog ntawm Virgin Mary (Yonke 2010). Kev tuaj koom txhua hnub ntawm tus pej thuam tau nce mus txog 1,000 tus neeg tuaj xyuas ib hnub (Willick 2010).

Ua raws li kev tsis txaus siab tsis tu ncua los ntawm cov neeg nyob ze txog lub suab nrov thiab kev khiav tsheb los ntawm cov neeg tuaj xyuas, cov tub ceev xwm hauv nroog tau hais kom Ibrahim tshem tus mlom ntawm nws cov nyom thaum lub Kaum Ib Hlis 19, 2010. Ibrahim tau tshaj tawm kuj tau txais xov xwm los ntawm Mary thov kom nws tus pej thuam txav mus. Raws li Ibrahim, "Nws hais rau kuv tias nws xav kom tib neeg rov qab mus rau lub tsev teev ntuj," Ibrahim hais. "Kuv lub tsev tsis yog lub tsev teev ntuj." Ibrahim tom qab hais tias tus pej thuam zoo siab nyob rau hauv nws qhov chaw tshiab (Kristy 2010). Ibrahim pib muab tus mlom rau nws lub tsev teev ntuj, St. Ignatius ntawm Antioch Orthodox lub tsev teev ntuj, tab sis tus xibhwb tsis kam lees nws qhov kev thov. Leej Txiv Chaaya ntawm St. Charbel Maronite Catholic Lub Koom Txoos, uas ua haujlwm feem ntau Catholic ntawm Lebanese keeb kwm, tau pom zoo lees txais tus mlom ntawm St. Charbel's, txawm hais tias nws tsis ntseeg thaum lub sij hawm lub kua muag tiag tiag. Txawm li cas los xij, tsis pub dhau lub sijhawm luv luv, nws hloov siab tias: “Tom qab ntawd, thaum lub sijhawm rov nyeem cov paj ntoo nyob rau yav tsaus ntuj ntawm Kaum Ib Hlis 13, tus pov thawj Maronite hais tias nws thiab kwv yees li 50 tus neeg pe hawm pom meej pom cov kua muag los ntawm tus mlom ob lub qhov muag. “Nws muaj tseeb. Kuv pom nws, ”Txiv Chaaya hais. “Tam sim no kuv paub” (Yonke 2010). Txawm li cas los xij, kev hloov ntawm tus pej thuam los ntawm ib qho kev ywj pheej mus rau lub tsev teev ntuj-tswj qhov chaw ua pov thawj tseeb. Raws li Laycock (2014: 192) tau sau tseg, "Ib zaug nws nyob hauv lub tsev teev ntuj, tus pej thuam tau txais kev saib xyuas tsawg dua. Tsis muaj ntawv ceeb toom ntawm Ibrahim tau txais cov lus lossis tus pej thuam zais kua muag. "

DOCTRINES / TXHEEJ TXHEEM

Ntau tus neeg tuaj xyuas tus mlom ntawm Ibrahim lub tsev nyob ntseeg tias lub kua muag los ntawm tus mlom yog ib qho cim los ntawm Vajtswv thiab qhia txog lub ntiaj teb mus txog lub sijhawm tsaus ntuj. Cov neeg tuaj saib xav tias Maivliag quaj quaj vim lub ntiaj teb puas tsuaj los ntawm kev tsis ncaj ncees xws li kev ua phem thiab kev ua tsov ua rog. Pam Martin, tus qhua ntawm tus mlom, ntseeg tus pej thuam hais tias: "Kuv saib cov xov xwm thiab kuv tsis tuaj yeem pab tab sis nyuaj siab rau qhov kuv pom… [Mary's] quaj rau peb vim peb tab tom tua lub ntiaj teb no." (Jette 2010). Ironically tej zaum, Windsor tau hu ua "lub nroog kev txhaum" rau cov neeg Amelikas (Wilhelm 2010). Yog li ntawd, tsawg kawg qee tus neeg hauv zos ntseeg tias tus pej thuam coj ntau yam xav tau kev mloog, kev thov Vajtswv, thiab kev cia siab rau thaj chaw. Ua li no, tus pej thuam tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo li qhov txuj ci tseem ceeb. "Kuv xav tias nws yog ib qho txuj ci tseem ceeb los ntawm Vajtswv," Ms. Ibrahim hais rau The Blade. “Nws xav kom neeg thov Vajtswv, rov qab mus rau pawg ntseeg. Nws nyiam tib neeg kom ntseeg nws Leej Tub, thiab nws xav kom tib neeg sib pab ib yam li yav tas los” (Willick 2010; Yonke 2010).

Ntxiv nrog rau kev ntseeg tus pej thuam nws tus kheej yog qhov txuj ci tseem ceeb thiab cov lus, cov neeg tuaj saib ntseeg tias cov roj los ntawm tus pej thuam muaj lub zog kho. Thaum Ibrahim pib qhia cov roj ua txuj ci tseem ceeb tshwm sim ntawm nws txhais tes, cov neeg tuaj saib tau pib nrhiav nws tus kheej txoj koob hmoov. Muaj cov lus ceeb toom ntawm cov neeg tuaj saib tau txais kev kho mob thiab lus teb rau cov lus thov los ntawm kev pe hawm tus mlom thiab tau txais koob hmoov los ntawm Ibrahim (Wilhelm 2010).

Rituals / kev xyaum

Cov pab pawg coob ntawm cov ntseeg, feem ntau ntawm txoj kev ntseeg Catholic, tau mus xyuas lub xaib kom muaj kev sib raug zoo nrog tus mlom txuj ci tseem ceeb ntawm Virgin Mary. Txawm hais tias nyob rau hauv qhov chaw rau lub sijhawm luv luv, tus pej thuam hauv Windsor tau los ua qhov chaw mus ncig rau cov ntseeg hauv Marian apparitions. Cov neeg tuaj saib tau tshaj tawm tias tau kov yeej nrog kev xav thaum tsuas yog saib tus pej thuam. Cov neeg pe hawm kuj rov thov Vajtswv dua, xws li Hail Mary, thiab tuav cov kev cai dab qhuas xws li rosaries thiab phau Vajlugkub thaum pe hawm. Txawm tias tom qab tus mlom tau muab tso rau hauv St. Charbel Maronite Catholic lub tsev teev ntuj, cov ntseeg tau lees paub rau tus pej thuam zais lub kua muag: “Kuv cog lus rau Vajtswv, ncaj ncees - peb nyob hauv lub tsev teev ntuj tam sim no - los ntawm lub thib plaub decat koj pom nws, Nws tsuas yog qhov tseeb, "Ms. Rizk tau hais. “Cov kua muag tau tsim rau saum lub qhov muag thiab poob los thiab nres ntawm qhov muag hauv qab. Nws yog ib tug pej thuam thib ob thiab ces nws tau los ua ib qho txuj ci tseem ceeb, nyob ntawm kuv ob lub qhov muag” (Yonke 2010).

Cov neeg ntseeg kev cai dab qhuas tseem ceeb tshaj plaws tau koom nrog yog sau tus nkauj xwb lub kua muag. Lawv ntseeg hais tias cov roj yog dawb huv los yog los ntawm kev sib cuag ncaj qha nrog tus pej thuam nws tus kheej, nrog tes ntawm Ibrahim, los yog nrog tes ntawm cov neeg uas tau kov tus pej thuam. Ibrahim tsuas tso cai rau ib tug puv tes ntawm cov neeg tuaj saib tiag tiag kov tus pej thuam. Cov neeg muaj hmoo ob peb yuav muab lawv txhais tes rau ntawm lub taub hau ntawm lwm tus qhua thiab foom koob hmoov rau lawv. Cov qhua tuaj nrog lawv lub hnab ziploc, cov paj rwb, thiab cov khoom pleev xim kom khaws cov Virgin lub kua muag roj thiab coj lawv mus tsev (Wilhelm 2010). Qee zaum Ibrahim yuav siv nws txhais tes los ua tus ntoo khaub lig nrog rau ntawm lub hauv pliaj ntawm cov qhua. Ib tug poj niam piav txog qhov kev paub dhau los: "Thaum nws kov kuv, kuv tsuas yog xav tias ntxhov siab thiab txhua yam zoo li tawm tuaj," Rosanne Paquette hais. "Kuv hnov ​​​​qhov sov so no, thiab nws tsis txaus ntseeg." Lwm tus poj niam ua tim khawv tias nws tus ntxhais xeeb ntxwv tau kho mob qog noj ntshav tom qab Ibrahim tau pleev roj pleev rau nws: “Nws cia li muab cov roj rau nws, thov Vajtswv rau nws…. Tus kws kho mob hais tias nws cov ntshav, txhua yam zoo li qub” (Willick 2010).

TEEB MEEM / CHALLENGES

Fadia Ibrahim thiab nws tus mlom ntawm Virgin Mary ntsib kev tawm tsam los ntawm ob qhov chaw: cov neeg nyob hauv zej zog thiab cov thawj coj hauv nroog thiab cov thawj coj ntawm lub Koom Txoos Roman Catholic.

Thaum Ibrahim tau txav tus mlom ntawm Maivliag los hauv nws lub tsev mus rau pem hauv ntej nyom, tus mlom tau kub hnyiab sai. Cov neeg zej zog tsis nyiam cov tsheb loj thiab suab nrov hauv zej zog, uas tsuas yog nce thaum Asmeskas pib tshaj tawm txog nws (Caldwell 2010). Cov neeg zej zog tau yws yws sai sai rau lub nroog thiab teeb tsa daim ntawv thov tawm tsam tus pej thuam uas tau xa mus rau cov thawj coj hauv nroog. Vim tias tsis muaj daim ntawv tso cai tsim tsev thiab ua txhaum cai hauv tsev, lub nroog tau muab Ibrahim mus txog rau lub Kaum Ib Hlis 19 kom tshem tawm tus pej thuam. Ibrahim tau tawm tsam sai sai rau lub nroog daim ntawv ceeb toom thiab sau ntau pua nyiaj pub dawb thiab kos npe rau daim ntawv thov kom cawm tus pej thuam ua ntej thaum kawg ua raws li lub nroog qhov kev thov. Ironically, ib tug kws lij choj hauv nroog thaum lub sijhawm, George Wilkki, tau hais rau cov xov xwm qhia lawv muaj kev daws teeb meem yooj yim rau lub nroog cov teeb meem nrog tus pej thuam. Ibrahim tsuas yog xav tau los thov rau qhov sib txawv me me thiab daim ntawv tso cai tsim tsev. Tom qab ntawd, tus pej thuam tuaj yeem nyob ntawm nws qhov chaw hauv nws lub vaj hauv ntej (Wilhelm 2010).

Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, cov neeg ua haujlwm hauv lub Koom Txoos Catholic tau pib tshawb xyuas qhov siv tau ntawm Ibrahim tus mlom thiab nws cov kua muag ntawm cov roj. Cov tub ceev xwm hauv lub Koom Txoos txwv tsis pub cov neeg tuaj xyuas lub thaj neeb tab sis tsis tau lees paub tus pej thuam. Leej Txiv John Ayoub ntawm lub Diocese ntawm Windsor Orthodox Church, St. Ignatius ntawm Anitoch lub Koom Txoos tau ntsuas ntau dua hauv nws cov lus teb (Laycock 2014: 192). Nws hais tias nws tsis pom tus mlom los ua ib qho txuj ci tseem ceeb ntawm Vajtswv. Txawm li cas los xij, nws tseem lees txais Ibrahim ua tus tswv cuab ntawm nws pawg ntseeg thiab tso cai rau lwm tus ntseeg nws cov lus yog tias lawv xav tau. Ibrahim, ntawm qhov tod tes, tshaj tawm tau poob siab vim tsis muaj kev txhawb nqa los ntawm pawg ntseeg Catholic thiab Orthodox.

Thaum Lub Kaum Ib Hlis 5, kaum plaub hnub ua ntej lub nroog lub sijhawm kawg rau Ibrahim kom txav tus mlom, cov neeg tuaj saib uas tuaj txog ntawm Ibrahim lub tsev pom tias tus mlom raug tshem tawm lawm. Tus qhia kev tu siab thiab xav paub. Tsuas yog qhov kev piav qhia rau kev tshem tawm cov mlom tau muaj nyob rau hauv ob daim ntawv tawm sab nraum tsev. Daim ntawv ceeb toom nyob rau sab nraud ntawm cov mlom casing tsuas yog hais kom cov qhua tawm hauv tsev neeg thiab tsev nyob ib leeg. Lwm daim ntawv, nyob rau ntawm lub qhov rooj ntawm lub tsev nyeem, "Tus pej thuam tau raug tshem tawm thiab cov qauv no yuav raug tshem tawm sai sai. Thov nyob ntawm qhov khoom ntiag tug no. Mus saib koj lub tsev teev ntuj, thov koj. " Cov tswv cuab ntawm Ibrahim pib tsis lees paub qhov kev paub ntawm tus pej thuam qhov chaw thaum cov neeg tuaj xyuas tau nug ntxiv (Vijay 2010).

Ibrahim tom qab ntawd muab lus piav qhia. Nws hais tias nws tau txais ib tsab xov xwm los ntawm Mary hais kom nws coj tus mlom ntawm tus nkauj xwb quaj rau lub tsev teev ntuj. Ibrahim hais tias Maivliag tsis xav kom cov ntseeg tuaj rau ntawm Ibrahim lub tsev thov Vajtswv, yog li ntawd kho nws li Mary lub tsev. Niam Mab Liab, Ibrahim tau lees tias, tsuas yog xav kom nws nyiam pej xeem mloog thiab coj cov neeg ntseeg rov qab mus rau pawg ntseeg. Ibrahim tsis kam lees ib qho kev sib raug zoo ntawm lub nroog qhov kev thov kom nws txav tus mlom, lossis qhov teeb meem ntawm tus pej thuam tau tsim nyob rau hauv nws cov neeg zej zog thiab tsev neeg, thiab nws qhov kev txiav txim siab muab tus mlom rau pawg ntseeg Nws cov lus kawg yog Mary tau muab "ib qho lus ... thov koj yuav tsum thov Vajtswv hauv pawg ntseeg” (Vijay 2010).

ua tim khawv

Caldwell, Simon. 2010. “'Weeping' Virgin Transferred to Canadian Church.” Lub Catholic Herald. Accessed los ntawm http://www.catholicherald.co.uk/news/2010/11/12/%E2%80%98weeping%E2%80%99-virgin-transferred-to-canadian-church/ nyob rau 4 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

CBC Xov Xwm. 2010. "Pem hauv ntej-yard Virgin Mary los Down." Accessed los ntawm http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/front-yard-virgin-mary-to-come-down-1.939349 nyob rau 4 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

Jette, Martha. 2010 a. "Miracles: Lawv Puas Tseem Muaj Hnub Nyoog?" (Part 1 ntawm 2). Accessed los ntawm http://www.examiner.com/article/miracles-do-they-still-happen-today-part-1-of-2 nyob rau 16 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

Jette, Martha. 2010b. “Puas yog Madonna 'Weeping for the World?'” (Part 2 of 2). Accessed los ntawm http://www.examiner.com/article/is-madonna-weeping-for-the-world-part-2-of-2 nyob rau 16 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

Kristy, Dylan. 2010. "Cov neeg tuaj saib Zoo siab txais tos ntawm Lub Tsev Tshiab ntawm 'Weeping' Madonna." Lub Hnub Qub Windsor , Kaum Ib Hlis 8. Nkag los ntawm http://www2.canada.com/windsorstar/news/story.html?id=5c83fa0e-e79b-4671-85a5-6892beb84368 nyob rau 24 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

Laycock, Joseph. 2014. Tus Saib Xyuas ntawm Bayside: Veronica Lueken thiab Kev Sib Tw los txhais Catholicism. New York: Oxford University Press.

Laycock, Joseph. 2011. “Cov Lus Qhia Txog Niam Mab Liab Weeps vim 'Peb Yuav Tua Neeg Ntiaj Teb.'” Kev ntseeg Dispatches. Tau txais los ntawm Nov 16, 2014 http://religiondispatches.org/controversial-mary-statue-weeps-because-were-killing-this-world/ .

Lewis, Charles. 2010. "Weeping Madonna: Sib cais txuj ci tseem ceeb ntawm kev xav." National Post , Kaum Ib Hlis 5. Accessed from http://life.nationalpost.com/2010/11/05/weeping-madonna-separating-miracles-from-wishful-thinking/ nyob rau 4 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

Morgan, Dale. 2010. "Canada: Pua pua ntawm Cov Neeg Ntseeg Tswv Yexus Cov Neeg Ntseeg Tswv Yexus Flock rau Windsor Lub Tsev Pom Virgin Mary Pej thuam." Accessed los ntawm https://groups.google.com/forum/#!search/Fadia$20Ibrahim$20Canada$3A$20Hundreds$20of$20superstitious$20Virgin$20Mary$20Worshipers$20flock$20to$20…/bible-prophecy-news/BEPkyKdPj4E/ywF8T3qvcQcJ nyob rau 4 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

Paterson, Andrea. 2010. "Lub Ntiaj Teb Tsis Muaj Miracles." Accessed los ntawm http://lifeasahuman.com/2010/mind-spirit/spirituality-and-religion/a-world-without-miracles/ nyob rau 4 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

Canadian Xovxwm. 2010. "Cov tswv tsev yuav tsum tshem tawm Cov Qauv Vaj Tsev Virgin Mary." Accessed los ntawm http://www.ctvnews.ca/homeowners-must-remove-structure-housing-virgin-mary-1.569727 nyob rau 4 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

Vijay. 2010. "Windsor's Mysterious 'Weeping' Madonna has a New Home." Accessed los ntawm http://www.churchnewssite.com/portal/?p=35173 nyob rau 4 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

Wilhelm, Trevor. 2010. "Pua pua F xauv rau Windsor rau S ee W eeping Virgin Mary S tatue." Postmedia Xov Xwm. Accessed los ntawm http://www.jesusmariasite.org/Signs/Signs_.asp?editid1=5 on 16 nov 2014.

Willick, Frances. 2010. “Cov neeg coob coob tuaj saib Maivliag lub kua muag.” Lub Hnub Qub Windsor , Kaum Ib Hlis 2. Nkag los ntawm http://www2.canada.com/windsorstar/news/story.html?id=0c689192-80db-447f-a128-b6c1f370f8d1 nyob rau 23 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

"Windsor Ontario's W eeping Madonna." Accessed los ntawm http://www.visionsofjesuschrist.com/weeping556.html nyob rau 16 Kaum Ib Hlis 2014.

Yog, David. 2010. “Cov Neeg Ntseeg Siab Zoo Pom Tus Cwj Pwm ntawm Niam Mab Liab Qhia Txog Kev quaj hmo ntuj.” Toledo Blade , Kaum Ib Hlis 21. Nkag los ntawm
http://www.toledoblade.com/local/2010/11/21/Faithful-flock-to-see-statue-of-Mary-reported-to-weep-at-night.html nyob rau 21 Kaum Ib Hlis 2010.

Hnubtim:
8 Hlis ntuj nqeg 2014

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