Raoul Dal Molin Ferenzona

FERENZONA TIMELINE

1879 (Cuaj hlis 24): Raoul Ferenzona yug hauv Florence, Ltalis.

1880 (Lub Plaub Hlis 19): Ferenzona txiv, ib tug muaj teeb meem kev nom kev tswv xov xwm uas tau sau hauv qab ntawv "Giovanni Antonio Dal Molin," raug tua nyob hauv Livorno. Raoul tom qab ntawv yuav hloov lub xeem lub npe mus rau "Dal Molin Ferenzona" tsim txiaj rau nws txiv.

1890 (ca): Ferenzona tau cuv npe hauv tsev kawm ntawv tub rog hauv Florence thiab tom qab ntawd hauv Tub Rog Txoj Haujlwm hauv Modena.

1899: Ferenzona luam tawm hauv Modena nws thawj phau ntawv: Primulae - tshiab ntawm gentili (Primulas - Gentle Tales), ib phau ntawm tales.

Xyoo 1900: Ferenzona ua nws thawj cov khoom nquam paj nquam nruas hauv Palermo nyob rau hauv kev taw qhia ntawm lub sculptor Ettore Ximenes.

Xyoo 1901: Ferenzona tau raug tso cai rau qhov Art Academy hauv Florence, nto moo lub sijhawm ntawd rau nws cov chav kawm kos duab liab qab.

Xyoo 1902: Ferenzona taug kev mus rau Monaco, qhov chaw uas nws tau ua los ntawm Albrecht Dürer thiab Hans Holbein ua haujlwm nrov. Hauv lub nroog Loos, nws tau qhia txog kev kos duab Gustavo Prini thiab nws lub voj voos.

Xyoo 1906: Ferenzona ncig tebchaws London, Paris, The Hague, thiab Brussels.

Xyoo 1908: Ferenzona tus phooj ywg ze tshaj plaws, Domenico Baccarini thiab tus kws sau paj lug Sergio Corazzini, ob leeg tuag los ntawm tuberculosis.

Xyoo 1911: Ferenzona ncig mus txog Prague, Graz, Brünn, thiab Seis am Schlern.

Xyoo 1912: Ferenzona luam tawm Ghirlanda di stelle (Garland hnub qub). Nws muaj ob lub rooj nthuav dav ua ke nrog Frank Brangwyn hauv Vienna, Austria, thiab Brünn, Moravia.

Xyoo 1917: Ferenzona tau koom nrog cov rooj sib tham thiab cov koom txoos tau npaj los ntawm pawg neeg cais Theosophical pawg "Il Roma" ntawm Theosophical League lub hauv paus loj.

Xyoo 1918: Lub sijhawm nws nyob hauv Bern, Ferenzona tau muaj kev kub ntxhov txog sab ntsuj plig. Nws tawm hauv Switzerland thiab mus nyob hauv Santa Francesca Romana monastery hauv Rome.

Xyoo 1919: Ferenzona luam tawm Zodiacale - Opera religiosa. Sau ntawv, txais tos (Zodiac - Kev Ua Haujlwm Kev Ua Haujlwm, Orodes, Copper Engravings, and Auras).

Xyoo 1921: Ferenzona luam tawm Vita di Maria: Ua yeeb yam (Lub neej ntawm Mary: Lub Mystic Ua Haujlwm).

Xyoo 1923: Ferenzona luam tawm AôB - Enchiridion Notturno. Dodici miraggi nomadi, dodici punte di diamante originali. Misteri rosacrociani n. 2 (AôB - Nocturnal Enchiridion: Kaum ob Nomadic Mirages, Kaum Txav Thawj Tiag, Rosicrucian Mysteries no 2).

Xyoo 1926: Ferenzona luam tawm cov ntawv sau txog paj huam thiab cov ntawv sau cia, uas nthuav tawm raws li peb "sau ntawv:" Uriel, torcia di Dio - Saggi di riflessione illuminata (Uriel, Lub Ntoo Ntawm Vajtswv - Cov Ntawv ntawm Illuminated Reflection); Qhov tseem ceeb - Ntaus teeb meem (Cov ntaub ntawv - Cov duab ntawm Illuminated Reflection); Caritas ligans - lub plawv zoo nkauj (Caritas Ligans - Cov Qauv ntawm Illuminated Reflection).

Xyoo 1927: Ferenzona tau koom nrog Txoj Haujlwm Thib Ob Thoob Ntiaj Teb Thib Ob ntawm Engravings hauv Florence.

Xyoo 1929: Ferenzona muaj kev kos duab ua yeeb yam hauv Florence ntawm Galleria Bellenghi, thiab qee qhov ntawm nws cov haujlwm tau nthuav tawm hauv Loos ntawm lub npe ntawm Mostra del Libro Moderno Italiano (Niaj hnub nimno Italian Cov Ntawv Sau). Nws kuj tseem tshaj tawm Ave Maria! Un poema ed un'opera originale con fregi di Raoul Dal Molin Ferenzona. Misteri Rosacrociani (Ua Yeeb Yam 6.a) (Hail Mary! Ib zaj paj lug thiab qhov qub ua haujlwm nrog Raoul Dal Molin Ferenzona lub suab paj nruas, Rosicrucian Mysteries, ua haujlwm tsis. 6).

Xyoo 1931: Ferenzona muab tso rau tom Salon International du Livre d'Art hauv Paris.

Xyoo 1945: Ferenzona ua piv txwv txog kev sau paj huam los ntawm Paul Verlaine, L'Amour et le Bonheur.

Xyoo 1946 (Lub Ib Hlis 19): Ferenzona tuag hauv Milan.

BIOGRAPHY

Raoul Dal Molin Ferenzona (1879-1946) [Duab ntawm txoj cai] yog ib tug neeg muaj suab npe thiab ntau tus kws kos duab. Nws yog tus neeg pleev kob hu ua, tus ua duab kos, thiab tus txua / tshuab luam ntawv; nws yog ib feem ntawm Art Nouveau txav. Txawm hais tias nws tau siv nws tus kheej hu ua "Pre-Raphaelite," qhov tseeb Ferenzona txoj haujlwm tau cuam tshuam ntau dua los ntawm Belgian thiab Czech Symbolism. Ferenzona tseem yog tus neeg txhawb nqa ntawm Theosophical thiab Rosicrucian lub tswv yim nyob rau xyoo pua nees nkaum ua yeeb yam, cov ntawv nyeem thiab dab neeg dhau los.

Nws tsis tau pom dua li tus neeg pleev kiab thiab tus kws kos duab, nws yog cov neeg thuam cov ntsiab lus hauv 1970s (Quesada 1978, 1979) thiab tau los ua ib tus neeg tshaj lij thiab ntau tus Italis cov neeg ua yeeb yam ntawm thawj ib nrab ntawm lub xyoo pua nees nkaum. Gino Severini (1883-1966) npe hauv nws daim ntawv sau txog nws txhais tias "nws tsis tshua muaj siab khav, ntse, me me tub hluas nrog Fabkis style mustaches. Nws txhais nws tus kheej ib tug tub rog Pre-Raphaelite thiab tsis xav hnov ​​lo lus Impressionism heev [...] Surrealism tau nws lub tshav "(Severini 1983: 20).

Ferenzona yug hauv Florence, Ltalis, rau lub Cuaj hlis 24, 1879, rau Olga Borghini thiab Giovanni Gino Ferenzona. Cov tom kawg yog xov xwm xov xwm rau lub teb chaws Italian txhua hnub Gazzetta d'Italia nyob rau hauv Livorno. Nws sau ntau cov khoom, thiab ob peb novels, tawm tsam Italian kev tawm tsam General Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) nyob rau hauv lub pseudonym ntawm Giovanni Antonio Dal Molin. Ferenzona Sr. raug tua nyob rau lub Plaub Hlis 19, 1880 los ntawm ib tus neeg koom nrog Garibaldi. Raoul tau tshuav nws tus menyuam thaum hnub nyoog ib xyoos, thiab nws tau tsiv mus rau Florence ua ke nrog nws niam thiab nws tus kwv, Fergan. Tom qab, Ferenzona Jr. yuav ntxiv "Dal Molin" rau nws lub xeem lub npe nyob rau hauv kev hwm ntawm nws tus txiv raug tua.

Raoul pib ua haujlwm rau tub rog los ntawm kev sau npe ua ntej hauv tsev kawm ntawv qib siab hauv Florence thiab tom qab ntawm Military Academy hauv Modena. Thaum lub caij ntuj so, nws tau sau nws thawj phau ntawv, Primulae (novelle gentili). Qhov no yog ib phau ntawm 6 zaj dab neeg luv luv uas, sib nrug ntawm cov tsiaj mythical, cov cim tsis zoo, thiab tsaus ntuj nti atmospheres, peb nrhiav tau ntau yam autobiographical ntsiab. Ib qho ntawm cov tales ("Somnia Animae") muaj raws li ib tug protagonist, Mario. Nws yog tus neeg pleev kob uas nyob hauv lub qab ntiag tug thiab tsis muaj peev xwm tiag tiag nyiam ib tug poj niam tiag tiag vim nws muaj kev hlub nrog ib tug piv txwv ntawm Judith tau muab tso rau hauv ib qho ntawm nws cov duab. Nws yog amazing li cas lub cim ntawm tus neeg pleev kob nyiam tsa li Ferenzona raws li nws yuav ua raws li ib tug neeg laus. Zaj dab neeg kuj qhia tau tias tseem ceeb npaum li cas thiab cov poj niam muaj nuj nqis thiab cov duab muaj nyob hauv nws txoj haujlwm.

Xav paub txog kev kos duab ntau dua li hauv nws txoj kev kawm ua tub rog thiab kev ua haujlwm, Ferenzona tau tsiv mus rau Palermo hauv xyoo 1900 kom tau txais kev kawm hauv kev ua haujlwm raws li tus neeg paub txua ntawm Ettore Ximenes (1855-1926). Nws kav ntev li ob peb hlis xwb txawm li cas los xij, vim Ximenes qhia Ferenzona kom nws kawm nws tus kheej. Yog li ntawd, xyoo 1901, Ferenzona tau tsiv mus rau Florence thiab tau mus kawm rau Art Academy. Ntawm no, nws tau los ua neeg nyob hauv ib chav thiab phooj ywg ntawm Domenico Baccarini (1882-1907), nws yog haiv neeg ntawm Faenza thiab yog tus neeg pleev kob thiab txua zoo nkauj. Ob qho kev phooj ywg nrog Baccarini thiab qhov tshwm sim txuas nrog kev coj noj coj ua ntawm Faenza yog kauj ruam tseem ceeb hauv Raoul txoj kev kawm txuj ci thiab sab ntsuj plig.

Xyoo 1902, Ferenzona ncig xyuas hauv Munich. Txij ntawd los, nws mob siab rau nws tus kheej feem ntau rau kev kawm kos duab thiab kos duab. Hauv Munich, kev ua haujlwm ntawm Hans Holbein Cov Hluas (c. 1497-1543) thiab Albrecht Dürer (1471-1523) tau qhia Ferenzona rau txoj kev xav tshiab ntawm kev kos duab (Bardazzi 2002: 12). Qhov cuam tshuam ntawm Dürer ntawm Ferenzona txoj haujlwm yog qhov tseem ceeb heev, tshwj xeeb rau dab tsi txhawj xeeb txog kev siv qee hom kev luam ntawv. Paub tias Dürer's etchings sawv cev lossis tsim ib feem ntawm cov txheej txheem alchem ​​ical (Calvesi 1993: 34-38; Roob 2011: 411, 430) tau tsim kev kub ntxhov rau cov tub ntxhais hluas Ferenzona thiab nws txoj haujlwm.

Hauv 1904, Ferenzona tsiv mus rau tim Loos nrog nws tus phooj ywg Baccarini. Nyob rau hauv lub Italian capital, lawv ob leeg nkag tau rau lub voj voog ntawm tus sculptor Giovanni Prini (1877-1958). Lub voj voog xws li Italis cov tub txawj ntse uas nyob rau lub sij hawm ntawd ntawm lub zog hu ua Divisionism, suav txog Umberto Boccioni (1882-1916), Giacomo Balla (1871-1958), thiab Gino Severini, thiab cov neeg sawv cev ntawm Art Nouveau thiab Cubo- Futurism xws li Duilio Cambellotti (1876-1960) thiab Arturo Ciacelli (1883-1966). Severini qhia peb tias Ferenzona feem ntau sib cav nrog Boccioni thiab Balla (Severini 1983: 23) vim nws Pre-Raphaelite lub tswv yim ntawm kev kos duab (piv txwv li qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev npau suav, kev ntseeg, thiab kev xav hauv lub ntiaj teb sab hauv ntawm tus kws kos duab). Qhov no tom qab tau muaj lub luag haujlwm tseem ceeb hauv Fabkis Impressionism, lub zog uas Ferenzona tau ntxub nws. Nyob rau hauv tib lub xyoo, hauv Loos, Ferenzona kuj tau ua phooj ywg nrog tus kws sau paj huam Sergio Corazzini (1886-1907), thiab lawv sib koom tes hauv phau ntawv Cronache latine.

Nyob rau hauv 1906, Ferenzona ncig tebchaws Europe, mus xyuas Paris, London, Bruges, thiab Hague. Nws sim ua raws li kev ntseeg sab ntsuj plig kev ua yeeb yam, kev ua yeeb yam, kev sib tw, kev ua yeeb yam, kev sib tw, kev ua yeeb yam, kev sib tw, kev ua yeeb yam, kev sib tw, kev ua yeeb yam, 1833), Jean Delville (1898-1877), Jan Toorop (1958-1872), Fernand Khnopff (1898-1872), René Laforgue (1931-1866), Francis Jammes (1926-1867), Albert Samain (1953-1858) , thiab Georges Rodenbach (1928-1858). Nws tsis yog qhov tseeb tias feem ntau ntawm cov neeg ua yeeb yam no nyiam Rosicrucian taw thiab coj ib feem Les Salons de la Rose + Croix (Pincus-Witten 1976: 110-15) txhim tsa Joséphin Péladan (1858-1918). Qee tus kuj tau ua tswvcuab ntawm Theosophical Society. Cwj pwm dhau ntawm Toorop ntawm Ferenzona txoj haujlwm yog qhov pom nws tus kheej [Duab ntawm sab xis]. Cov sawv cev ntawm tus poj niam nyob mus ib txhis yog rov muaj dua nyob rau hauv Ferenzona cov duab tha xim thiab kev sau, thiab xav tias ob lub cim ntawm lub cim thiab qee lub ntsiab ntawm sab ntsuj plig thiab esoteric thaum thawj xyoo kaum ntawm lub xyoo pua nees nkaum.

Nyob rau hauv 1907, Ferenzona poob ob qho nws cov phooj ywg zoo tshaj plaws: Domenico Baccarini thiab Sergio Corazzini. Ob leeg tuag los ntawm tuberculosis. Hauv 1912, Ferenzona tau mus dua ntxiv hauv Seis Schlern, Klagenfurt, Graz, Prague, thiab Brünn, thiab tib lub xyoo nws luam tawm Ghirlanda di stelle (Garland hnub qub). Phau ntawv, rau nws cov phoojywg tuag, yog ib phau ntawm cov kwv huam thiab ib qho ntawm nws cov kev mus ncig thiab kev paub dhau los. Ghirlanda di stelle xam pom kev hloov pauv zoo kawg ntawm Ferenzona cov lus piav qhia, hauv kev kos duab thiab paj huam. Cov paj huam, cov duab kos, thiab cov lus sib dhos tau los ua ib feem ntawm tib qho kev hais dhau los. Yam tshiab ntawm cov lus piav qhia tau tshwm sim los ntawm Ferenzona txoj haujlwm: tsis yog cov phau ntawv kos duab, nws xav tsim "cov khoom ntawm phau ntawv."

Ntawm 1910 thiab 1912, Ferenzona tau mus xyuas ob peb lub zos hauv Nruab Nrab thiab Sab Tebchaws Europe, thiab nws pom nws tej hauj lwm hauv Vienna thiab Moravia ua ke nrog cov yeeb yaj kiab los ntawm British artist Frank Brangwyn (1867-1956) (Bardazzi 2002: 81). Tam sim no tib lub sij hawm, tus kws kos duab Czech Josef Váchal (1884-1969) nrog Jan Konůpek (1883-1950), František Kobliha (1877-1962), thiab Jan Zrzavý (1890-1977) Sursum pab pawg, koom tes nrog ob qho kev ua zoo nkauj thiab sab ntsuj plig thiab kev ua ub no (Introvigne 2017; Larvovà 1996). Váchal, leej twg xav nrog Xamuyees (Introvigne 2016: 233-34; Faxneld 2014), tau muab nws thawj koob dej rau hauv dab Ntxwg Nyoog (Bardazzi 2002: 15).

Txawm hais tias Ferenzona nyob hauv Prague hauv 1911 tau muaj ntaub ntawv zoo (Ferenzona 1912: 186-189), nws yog qhov nyuaj los ua pov thawj tias nws tau txais nrog Váchal lossis lwm tus tswv cuab ntawm Sursum pab pawg muaj. Txawm li cas los xij, Italian daim duab keeb kwm Emanuele Bardazzi tau pom tias Ferenzona txoj haujlwm "Gaspard de la nuit," [Duab ntawm sab xis] xav hais txog lub protagonist ntawm cov ntawv sau txog tib lub npe los ntawm Aloysius Bertrand (1807-1841), qhia txog lub zog ntawm Vachal's style (Bardazzi 2002: 15-16).

Xyoo 1917, Ferenzona nyob hauv Loos, qhov chaw nws muaj kev txaus siab rau qhov tshwm sim thiab Rosicrucianism tau muaj kev vam meej. Nws tshaj tawm koom nrog lub voj voos ntawm cov neeg ua raws li Italian esoteric tus tswv Giuliano Kremmerz (1861-1930) (Quesada 1979: 19), tab sis nws feem ntau ua haujlwm hauv Rosicrucian thiab Theosophical milieus. Ferenzona raug caw nyob rau xyoo 1909 thiab 1910 los qhuab qhia rau German Theosophist, thiab yav tom ntej tus tsim ntawm Anthroposophical Society, Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) (Bardazzi 2002: 81), tab sis nws yog nruab nrab ntawm 1917 thiab 1923 uas Raoul tau qhia tag nrho nws "txoj cai" muaj peev xwm. Lub Xya Hli 1917, Ferenzona nthuav tawm yim caum ua haujlwm ua ke nrog qee cov duab piv txwv ntawm Asmeskas tus neeg pleev xim Elihu Wedder (1836-1923), ntawm lub hauv paus chaw hauv Via Gregoriana, Rome, ntawm Theosophical League, ib pawg neeg sib cais Italian coj los ntawm Decio Calvari (1863-1937) uas tau sib cais los ntawm Theosophical Society. Nws kuj tau qhuab qhia ntawm "Apparizioni artistiche relative e concordanze zoo tshaj" ("Artistic txheeb ze thiab zoo tshaj plaws sib thooj"). Ferenzona pib kev qhuab qhia los ntawm kev sib cav txog qhov tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov neeg ua yeeb yam tshwj xeeb muaj lub luag haujlwm zoo li cas rau kev coj ua rau kev coj ua, tom qab ntawd los ntawm kev tshuaj xyuas qhov tseeb ntawm cov kws ua yeeb yam hauv dab neeg, xws li William Blake (1757-1827), Elihu Wedder, Stéphane Mallarmé (1842-1898) ), Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849), thiab lwm yam. Ferenzona tau sib cav hais tias qhov kev paub tseeb uas txheeb xyuas qhov tseeb ntawm cov neeg txawj ntse tshaj lij, muaj "kev ua yeeb yam zoo nkauj." Qhov no txhais tau tias "qhov tseeb pom tseeb los ntawm txhua qhov sib xyaw ua ke (paub thiab tsis paub) cov rog ntawm Cosmos uas muaj peev xwm dhau los ntawm tus kws ua yeeb yam" (Ferenzona 1917: 40). Ferenzona tseem muab lwm txoj lus qhuab qhia hauv lub nroog Loos rau lub Yim Hli 1918 hais txog lub hauv paus ntawm kev tsim txuj ci siab. Hauv kev siv zog los ntawm kev taug mus rov qab mus rau kev ua thawj qhov kev vam meej lub hauv paus ntawm qhov kev tshoov siab, Ferenzona qhia cov ntsiab lus pom tseeb los ntawm Steiner Occult Science (Ferenzona 1918: 40).

Nyob rau hauv cov rooj sib tham ntawm Theosophical League, Ferenzona tseem ua rau cov neeg paub lwm tus paub ntawm xyoo pua nees nkaum xyoo Italian occultism (Evola 1963: 28), Julius Evola (1898-1974). Lawv yuav qhia ob qho tib si kev ua yeeb yam thiab occultist. Xyoo 1920 thaum ntxov, ua ke nrog Evola, Ferenzona koom nrog Arturo Ciacelli (tus neeg nws paub los ntawm Ferenzona twb tau tsim nyob hauv Prini lub tsev) thiab nws lub voj voos, "Cenacolo d'arte dell'Augusteo" (Art Circle ntawm Lub Yim Hli) (Olzi 2016: 24- 25). Ntawm cov kev ua si ntawm Ciacelli lub voj voog, muaj ib qho kev ua yeeb yam ntawm Ferenzona cov duab kos duab, ib qho kev txiav txim siab ntawm Evola cov lus paj huam, thiab kev ua yeeb yam hauv kev ua yeeb yam hauv Zurich's Cabaret Voltaire, uas tau txuas nrog kev ua yeeb yam kom pom tseeb Dadaism tias Evola yog ib feem ntawm lub sijhawm ( Paoletti 2009: 40-48).

Cov kev paub nws tau koom nrog Evola hauv ob lub thwj niaj hnub thiab Theosophical fields hloov (tab sis ib ntus) nws lub zeem muag ntawm kev kos duab thiab sab ntsuj plig. Nrad cov hauj lwm ntawm nws cov thirties thaum ntxov, Ferenzona tsim ib cov duab ntawm Zodiac cov cim thiab Cosmos, uas yuav pom raws li qhov tshwm sim ntawm qhov kev sim thiab ntu theem [Duab ntawm txoj cai]. Nyob rau hauv 1918, thaum lub sij hawm luv luv nyob hauv Switzerland (thawj hauv Zurich ces hauv Bern), Ferenzona raug kev txom nyem los ntawm "teeb ​​meem ntawm sab ntsuj plig" uas coj nws mus nrhiav nyob nraim hauv lub Catholic kev tswj hwm ntawm Santa Francesca Romana hauv Rome. Qhov kev tshwm sim cuam tshuam txog nws cov kev ua haujlwm zoo, nrog rau lawv txoj kev xav.

Lub koob npe ntawm Ferenzona tsis txwv rau Theosophical lossis modernist milieus. Nyob rau lub Kaum Ib Hlis 1919, nws pib qhuab qhia txhua hnub Wednesday, nws zoo li "Esoteric Chav Kawm Keeb Kwm ntawm Kev Ua Yeeb Yam thiab Ntsuj Plig," hauv chav kawm hauv Via Margutta, hauv Rome. Nws tseem raug lees tias Ferenzona cov lus qhia ntawm tib cov ncauj lus hauv lwm lub nroog sib nrug ntawm Rome. Nyob rau hauv tsab ntawv sau hnub tim 12 lub Plaub Hlis 1919, Ferenzona tau txais kev caw ntawm Lamberto Caffarelli (1880-1963), tus kws sau ntawv uas yog tus tswvcuab ntawm ob lub koomhaum Anthroposophical Society (Beraldo 2013: 421-54) thiab ntawm lub tsev teev ntuj Italian Gnostic (Olzi 2014) : 14-27), los muab lus qhuab qhia rau hauv Faenza. Txuas nrog tsab ntawv no, muaj ib qho kev kawm nrog cov ncauj lus ntawm txhua qhov kev qhuab qhia los ntawm nws "Esoteric Chav" muaj nyob hauv Rome. Nthuav cov npe, ib qho tshwj xeeb nyiam saib: "Kuv Rosa-Croce (1300/1910)" (The Rosicrucians, 1300-1910). Txawm hais tias cov ntawv nyeem ntawm zaj lus qhuab qhia no tseem tsis tau pom, hauv kev sib tiv thaiv ntawm Ferenzona thiab Caffarelli muaj ob peb qhov xa mus rau Rosicrucianism. Hauv lwm tsab ntawv xa mus rau Caffarelli, Ferenzona xub hais tawm lub npe Rosicrucian npe nrov uas tau luam tawm hauv Paris xyoo 1623 (Naudé 1623: 27) thiab tom qab ntawv tau tsim los tsim lub koom haum tshiab Rosicrucian hauv tebchaws Ltalis. Raws li Ferenzona, qhov chaw zoo tshaj plaws rau cov rooj sib tham ntawm tus nus kwv tij no tau muaj kev sib haum xeeb ntawm Santa Croce ntawm Fonte Avellana, ze rau Potenza (Ferenzona 1920: 5).

Lub phiaj xwm ntawm lub zej zog Rosicrucian tshiab yeej tsis tau tawm tswv yim, tab sis Ferenzona cov lus qhuab qhia teev nws cov kev nyiam rau lub sijhawm ntawd. Txawm hais tias Ferenzona txaus siab nyob rau hauv txhua tus kws ua yeeb yam thiab sau ntawv uas tau koom nrog Salons de la Rose + Croix, nws tau txais nyob rau hauv ib tsab ntawv mus rau Caffarelli (Ferenzona 1920: 9) uas nws tsis tau muaj lub sij hawm los nrhiav tau ib daim qauv ntawm Cov ntsiab lus ntawm Rosae Crucis thiab Spiritus Sancti Ordinis edited los ntawm Péladan, thiab raws li ib qho kev tshwm sim tsis tau paub tiag tiag li cas Rosicrucian kev txiav txim siab tom haujlwm tom qab Cov Tsev Ua Haujlwm ua haujlwm (Fagiolo 1974: 129-36). Thaum pib ntawm tib tsab ntawv, Ferenzona tau hais tias "Rosicrucian yuav tsum txaus rau nws tus kheej." Tsab ntawv no tsis yog kev thov txim rau kev khav theeb, tab sis raug xa mus rau nws tus kheej txoj kev ywj pheej ntawm txhua lub koom haum lossis kev txiav txim. Los ntawm 1920s thaum ntxov, Ferenzona pib lub npe thiab xaiv nws cov ntawv uas yog "Rosicrucian Mysteries" thiab cov cuab yeej rau tus kheej tau pib.

Ib qho ntawm cov "Mysteries" tau xeeb thiab luam tawm nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm Ferenzona siv "nyob rau hauv-nruab nrab ntawm Bern thiab Rome" nyob rau ntawm lub kawg ntawm Ntiaj Teb Tsov Rog I. Nyob rau hauv 1919, Ferenzona luam tawm Zodiacale - Opera Religiosa (Zodiacal: Phau Ntawv Teev Tseg), ib phau ntawv "muab siab rau Vajtswv" uas nws cov ntsiab lus yog sau los ntawm kaum ob tej lus thov, kaum ob daim ntawv kos, thiab kaum ob zaj lus. Tus xov tooj kaum ob muaj ob lub ntsiab lus: kaum ob yog cov cim ntawm Zodiac, thiab kaum ob yog ntau yam ntawm plaub, tus naj npawb ntawm cov mob rau kev nkag mus rau qhov tseeb nyob rau hauv feem ntau cov kev kho mob sau los ntawm Tus Fabkis esoteric master Éliphas Lévi (1810-1875) "Paub, twv, yuav, kom nyob ntsiag to" (Lévi 1861: 110). Cov "plaub lo lus ntawm qhov tseeb" pab ua tiav Zodiacale. Phau ntawv no muaj xws li kaum ob seem. Txhua ntu yog pib los ntawm kev thov Vajtswv (ib zaj paj huam luv luv), ib qho tooj liab, thiab ib zaj dab neeg. Cov tswv yim no yog cov suab paj nruag uas muaj suab npe nrov ntawm cov neeg ua khawv koob, cov neeg ua yeeb yam, cov menyuam roj hmab, cov pab pawg, thiab cov neeg muaj kev ntxhov koom nrog kev sib tw. Zodiacale yog ob phau ntawv magical thiab alchemical. "Cov kos duab ntawm phau ntawv" ntawm Ghirlanda di stelle tiav niam txiv ntawm no ua kom cov txheej txheem alchemical. Txhua tus neeg hauv phau ntawv yog qhov zoo ntawm tus neeg sau nws tus kheej, thiab txhua daim duab sau ntawv [Duab ntawm sab xis] yog kauj ruam ntxiv hauv tus txheej txheem kev hloov pauv. Zoo li Dürer, Ferenzona tawm tswv yim opus alchemicum los ntawm nws daim ntawv. Los ntawm lub voj voog ntawm kaum ob lub zodiac cim, thiab los ntawm cov kwv huam thiab cov lus hais, cov neeg sau thiab cov neeg tuaj saib raug caw tuaj koom lawv tus kheej. Ob Caffarelli thiab Evola tau txais cov ntawv luam ntawm phau ntawv magical los ntawm Ferenzona.

Hauv 1923, Ferenzona tau luam tawm lwm phau ntawv uas muaj kaum ob daim ntawv sau thiab kaum ob cov paj huam, AôB - Enchiridion Notturno. Dodici tam sim no lub npe, dodici punte di diamante originali. Misteri rosacrociani n. 2 (AôB - Nocturnal Enchiridion: Kaum Ob Nomadic Cov Haujlwm, Kaum Peb Thawj Cov Kev Kawm Txuj Ci, Rosicrucian Mysteries, no 2). Raws li nyuab siab nyob rau hauv lub npe, qhov no yog qhov thib ob ntawm "Rosicrucian Mysteries" rau tus kws sau ntawv Polish Fryderyk Chopin (1810-1849). Kwv huam thiab cov ntawv kos duab [Duab ntawm txoj cai] ua hauj lwm ua thawj cov cuab yeej uas qhia txog kev paub ntawm kev ua khawv koob.

Dhau li ntawm cov Rosicrucian Mysteries, nyob rau hauv 1926 Ferenzona nqa ntawm ib sab tes nrog nrog peb ntawm cov ntawv sau "illuminated reflection," Cov no yog Uriel, torcia di Dio (Uriel, Tsaus ntawm Vajtswv), Lus nug (Lus cim), thiab Caritas Ligans (Caritas Ligans), peb cov ntawv sau txog cov kwv huam thiab cov phau ntawv nyeem. Cov dluab yog ntseeg tau los ntawm cov artistic movements hu ua Cubo-Futurism. Txawm hais tias cov kwv huam tau muab siab rau cov kev cai dab qhuas ntawm cov neeg Yudai-Keeb Kwm, tus cwj pwm ntawm Theosophy yog pom nyob rau hauv tag nrho peb phau ntawv.

Nyob rau hauv 1927, Ferenzona yog ib qho ntawm cov neeg ua yeeb yam nthuav tawm ntawm ob qho International Exhibition of Engravings nyob rau hauv Florence. Qhov kev tshwm sim raug teeb tsa los ntawm kev kos duab Vittorio Pica (1864-1930) thiab sau Aniceto Del Massa (1898-1975). Del Massa tau sau ntau cov xwm txheej hauv qab no los ntawm "Sagittario" (Yav tag los) (Del Ponte 1994: 181) rau hauv phau ceev xwm txheej Ur edited by Arturo Reghini (1878-1946) thiab Julius Evola. Del Massa kuj yog ib tug tswvcuab ntawm pawg koom ua haujlwm ntawm tib lub npe txuas nrog lub sijhawm, "Il Gruppo di Ur" (The Ur Group). Rov qab los ua Rosicrucian tej hauj lwm, Ferenzona hauv 1921 thiab hauv 1929 luam tawm raws Vita di Maria. Opera mistica (Lub neej ntawm Mary A Mystic ua haujlwm) thiab Ave Maria! Un poema ed un'opera originale con fregi di Raoul Dal Molin Ferenzona. Misteri Rosacrociani (Ua Yeeb Yam) 6.a) (Hail Mary! Ib zaj paj lug thiab ib qho kev ua haujlwm qub nrog Raoul Dal Molin Ferenzona lub suab paj nruas, Rosicrucian Mysteries, Ua haujlwm tsis. 6). Ob phau ntawv no yog suav sau cov paj huam thiab cov duab. Dua li kev rov qab ua tim khawv rau Medieval mysticism thiab Rosicrucianism, qhov tseem ceeb thiab lub luag haujlwm ntawm poj niam nyob hauv cov phau ntawv no tseem ceeb heev [Duab ntawm sab xis].

Nyob rau hauv 1940s, Ferenzona qhia ntau Italian classics, los ntawm Hauv kev xav (Dawb Hymns Dawb Huv) ntawm Alessandro Manzoni (1785-1873) rau Tus tub (Idylls) los ntawm Giacomo Leopardi (1798-1837). Txawm li cas los xij, cov duab tau pom tseeb rau L'Amour et le Bonheur, ib phau ntawm kws sau paj huam los ntawm Paul Verlaine (1844-1896), tsim nyog hais txog lawv lub ntsiab lus ntawm sab ntsuj plig thiab esoteric. Ib daim duab uas tau qhia meej hais tias kev hloov siab ntawm kev nkag siab thiab kev paub ntawm sab ntsuj plig yog nws tus kheej hais txog tus kheej [Duab ntawm txoj cai]. Nws yuav raug txuas nrog cov kab lus kawg uas khi kawg ntawm phau ntawv Zodiacale: "IB TUG TSHIAB Tus txiv neej […] Tus txiv neej ntseeg tshiab uas nyiam ua lub neej thiab kev tuag, ntawm kev paub txog ntuj thiab sab ntsuj plig, kom dim ntawm kev muaj siab, muaj tswv yim thiab txiv neej, zoo, nws tau hais tawm nrov nrov mus rau plaub txoj kev coj ntawm Era tshiab plaub qhov kev ua: paub - kom twv - kom zoo - yuav nyob ntsiag to. Thiab thaum kawg, cov ntseeg tseeb no tau raug qhuas los ntawm muaj hwjchim loj kawg nkaus ”(Ferenzona 1919: 141). Cov lus no tej zaum yuav yog tus qauv qhia rau Ferenzona, uas ib txwm suav tias nws tus kheej yog Christian esotericist. Nws tuag nyob hauv Milan lub Ib Hlis 19, 1946.

DAWB **
** Tag nrho cov duab yog cov yeeb yaj duab uas siv tau mus rau cov duab kos tau.

Image # 1: Lub caij ntuj sov, Autoritratto ib tug pastello (1913).

Image # 2: Lub caij ntuj sov, Duab d'autrefois (1909).

Image # 3: Lub caij ntuj sov, Gaspard de la nuit (1920).

Image # 4: Lub caij ntuj sov, Zodiaco (ca. 1930).

Image # 5: Lub caij ntuj sov, Scorpione, acquaforte ib Zodiacale (1918).

Image # 6: Lub caij ntuj sov, A ô b Txhawb kev tsis txaus siab (1923).

Image # 7: Lub koob yees duab, frontispiece rau Vita di Maria (1921).

Daim duab # 8: Ferenzona, kos duab (muaj peev xwm tus kheej-duab) rau Verlaine's L'Amour et le Bonheur (1945).

ua tim khawv

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Hnubtim:
3 Lub peb hlis ntuj 2017

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